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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390324, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533359

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The current study aimed at evaluating the repair of a partial defect of the trachea with a muscle flap, an advanced technique that employs combined suture patterns. Methods: Sixteen healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were used as an experimental model. A partial defect in the trachea within the ventral region of the fourth to eighth tracheal ring was created. Subsequently, repair was initiated with a flap of the sternocephalicus muscle. The animals were divided into four groups for postoperative evaluation using clinical, tracheoscopic, and histopathological analyses. Each group was separated according to the time of euthanasia, programmed at interval of seven (G7), 15 (G15), 30 (G30), and 60 days (G60). Results: One animal from the G60 group died, whereas the other animals had good surgical recovery without serious changes in the breathing pattern. The major clinical signs observed were stridor and coughing. Tracheoscopy revealed secretions in the tracheal lumen, exuberant granulation, and stenosis. Histopathological analysis showed growth of the ciliary respiratory epithelium at the flap site 30 days after implantation. Conclusions: Partial repair showed satisfactory results owing to the anatomical location of the muscle, adequate vascular support, and structural and physiological maintenance without serious changes in the respiratory system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rabbits/surgery , Surgical Flaps/veterinary , Tracheal Diseases/veterinary , Endoscopy/veterinary
2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e74516, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1444838

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mapear os cuidados pós-operatórios em reconstrução com retalhos cirúrgicos de ferida traumática em membro inferior. Método: revisão de escopo desenvolvida de acordo com as recomendações do Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewer's Manual em bases de dados referenciais, portais de informação e literatura cinzenta. Foram traçadas duas estratégias de busca para amplo alcance das publicações. Resultados: identificados dez cuidados pós-operatórios nas reconstruções com retalhos cirúrgicos em membro inferior relacionados a momentos específicos desta fase. Sendo categorizados em: 1) Cuidados no pós-operatório imediato, 2) Cuidados no pós-operatório mediato e 3) Transição do Cuidado. Conclusão: embora as reconstruções com retalhos cirúrgicos sejam um tratamento consolidado, a assistência pós-operatória ainda é incipiente quanto aos cuidados recomendados. Não há consenso sobre a implementação dos cuidados no manejo pós-operatório. O monitoramento dos retalhos cirúrgicos, clínico ou por dispositivos, foi o único cuidado contemplado em todas as publicações selecionadas, considerado essencial no pós-operatório independente da fase(AU)


Objective: to map postoperative care in reconstruction with surgical flaps of a traumatic wound in the lower limb. Method: scope review developed according to the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewer's Manual in reference databases, information portals and gray literature. Two search strategies were designed for the wide reach of publications. Results: ten postoperative care procedures were identified and related to specific moments in this phase. Being categorized into: 1) Care in the immediate postoperative period, 2) Care in the mediate postoperative period and 3) Transition of Care. Conclusion: although reconstructions with surgical flaps are a consolidated treatment, postoperative care is still incipient in terms of recommended care. There is no consensus on the implementation of care in postoperative management. The monitoring of surgical flaps, clinical or by devices, was the only care considered in all selected publications, considered essential in the postoperative period, regardless of the phase(AU)


Objetivo: mapear los cuidados postoperatorios en la reconstrucción con colgajos quirúrgicos de una herida traumática en miembro inferior. Método: revisión del alcance desarrollada según las recomendaciones del Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewer's Manual (Manual del Revisor del Instituto Joanna Briggs) en bases de datos referenciales, portales de información y literatura gris. Se diseñaron dos estrategias de búsqueda para el amplio alcance de las publicaciones. Resultados: se identificaron diez procedimientos de cuidados postoperatorios relacionados con momentos específicos de esta fase. Siendo categorizados en: 1) Atención en el postoperatorio inmediato, 2) Atención en el postoperatorio mediato y 3) Transición de la Atención. Conclusión: si bien las reconstrucciones con colgajos quirúrgicos son un tratamiento consolidado, los cuidados postoperatorios aún son incipientes. No existe consenso sobre la implementación de los cuidados en el manejo postoperatorio. El seguimiento de los colgajos quirúrgicos, clínico o por dispositivo, fue el único cuidado abordado en todas las publicaciones seleccionadas, considerado fundamental en el postoperatorio, independientemente de la etapa(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Care/nursing , Surgical Flaps , Leg Injuries , Nursing Care , Hospitals
3.
Rev. ADM ; 80(5): 280-286, sept.-oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531779

ABSTRACT

La recesión gingival es considerada como una deformidad o condición mucogingival, la Academia Americana de Periodontología, define a la recesión gingival como el desplazamiento del margen del tejido blando apical a la unión cemento-esmalte con la exposición de la superficie radicular. El tratamiento de las recesiones gingivales es un motivo de consulta común debido a razones estéticas, hipersensibilidad dentinaria, molestias durante el cepillado e incluso temor a la pérdida dentaria. Es una situación clínica común, 60% de la población humana tiene algún tipo de recesión gingival. Al realizar el examen clínico a paciente masculino de 55 años, se observó una recesión gingival tipo 1 (RT1) sin pérdida de inserción interproximal de la clasificación de Cairo. Se realizó el colgajo posicionado coronalmente (CPC) utilizando una matriz dérmica acelular (MDA) de origen humano OrACELL®. Se obtuvo resultado favorable en el recubrimiento de recesiones gingivales múltiples; considerándolos como una buena alternativa frente a los injertos gingivales autógenos. Concluyendo que, el uso de la matriz dérmica acelular para el tratamiento de la recesión gingival tipo 1 es una adecuada opción para el recubrimiento radicular. Se recomiendan más estudios a largo plazo para ver la estabilidad de los resultados obtenidos con la MDA (AU)


Gingival recession, considered a deformity or mucogingival condition, the American Academy of Periodontology, defines gingival recession as the exposure of the root surface resulting from migration of the gingival margin apical to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ). The treatment of gingival recessions is a common reason for consultation due to aesthetic reasons, dentin hypersensitivity, discomfort during brushing and even fear of tooth loss. It is a common clinical situation, 60% of the human population has some kind of gingival recession. Clinical examination of a 55-year-old male patient showed a type 1 gingival recession (RT1) without loss of interproximal insertion of the Cairo classification. Coronally advanced flap (CAF) was performed using an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) of human origin OrACELL®. Favorable results were obtained in the coating of multiple gingival recessions; considering them as a good alternative to autogenous gingival grafts. Concluding that, the use of the acellular dermal matrix for the treatment of gingival recession type 1, is a suitable option for root lining. Further long-term studies are recommended to see the elasticity of MDA outcomes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Surgical Flaps , Gingival Recession/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Periodontal Attachment Loss/diagnosis , Gingival Recession/classification
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110833, mayo-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532849

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Las comunicaciones bucosinusales y buco- nasales son condiciones patológicas que se caracterizan por la presencia de una solución de continuidad entre la cavidad bucal y el seno maxilar o la cavidad nasal respectivamente. Una vez que se ha instalado una comunicación es deseable ce- rrar este defecto, evitando así la infección del seno maxilar y posibles dificultades en la deglución, fonación y masticación. Se han propuesto diferentes tratamientos para su resolución, algunos no quirúrgicos y otros quirúrgicos. Los quirúrgicos pueden realizarse desplazando tejidos locales, regionales o injertando. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar situaciones clínicas de comunicaciones bucosinusales y buco- nasales con diferentes etiologías y sus distintos tratamientos según tamaño y ubicación del defecto. Casos clínicos: Se identificaron pacientes que asistie- ron al Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Piñero presentando cuatro comunicaciones bucosinusales agudas y crónicas y una comunicación buconasal crónica. Los casos analizados fueron tratados de manera quirúrgica utilizando di- versos colgajos según tamaño y ubicación del defecto (AU)


Aim: Oroantral and oronasal communications are patho- logical conditions characterized by the presence of a solu- tion of continuity between the oral cavity and the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity respectively. Once a communication has been installed, it is desirable to close this defect, thus avoid- ing infection of the maxillary sinus and possible difficulties in swallowing, phonation, and mastication. Different treatments have been proposed for its resolution, some non-surgical and others surgical. Surgical procedures can be performed by dis- placing local or regional tissue or by grafting. The aim of this case report is to present clinical situations of oral sinus and oral nasal communication with different etiologies and their different treatments according to the size and location of the defect. Clinical cases: A group of patients who attended the Maxillofacial Surgery Service of Piñero Hospital presenting four acute and chronic oral sinus and one oronasal communi- cations were identified. The analyzed cases were treated sur- gically using different flaps according to the size and location of the defect (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oroantral Fistula/surgery , Oroantral Fistula/etiology , Oroantral Fistula/therapy , Argentina , Surgical Flaps , Dental Service, Hospital
5.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 38(1): 44-51, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1562334

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Coverage defects of the hand and wrist are usually secondary to high-energy trauma, these must be resolved quickly to protect the underlying vital structures, preserve hand functions and allow early rehabilitation. The dorsal ulnar artery flap (Becker flap), in addition to being a non-demanding surgical technique, has the main advantage of preserving the main vascular axes of the forearm. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Retrospective descriptive study in patients with post-traumatic coverage defect in the dorsum-ulnar aspect of the hand, who were managed with a Becker flap between January 2015 and December 2018.Was analyzed age, sex, mechanism of injury, surgical time, size of the defect, type of donor site closure, complications, and functional outcomes/pain/satisfaction/range of motion with the Mayo Modified Wrist score. RESULTS: In total there were 5 cases, all male, with an average age of 53 (31-58) years, who suffered a high-energy trauma. There were 2 complications, one partial epidermolysis and one deep infection with loss of the flap. Follow-up time was 12 weeks for all cases. The results of the Mayo Modified Wrist Score on average were 72 points. CONCLUSION: The Becker flap is a reproducible, rapid dissection, non-demanding, and one-stage technique. The early use of this flap allows the preservation of vital structures, decreases morbidity, allowing early rehabilitation and an early return to work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Ulnar Artery/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Ulnar Artery/anatomy & histology , Hand Injuries/surgery
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(3): 153-159, jun. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515205

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Se presenta una serie de casos de reparación por vía vaginal de fístula vesicovaginal (FVV) de nuestro centro. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional descriptivo. Se evaluaron todas las pacientes con reparación quirúrgica de FVV en el Centro de Innovación de Piso Pélvico del Hospital Sótero del Río entre 2016 y 2022. RESULTADOS: Se reportaron 16 casos, de los cuales el 81,3% fueron secundarios a cirugía ginecológica. En todos se realizó la reparación por vía vaginal, con cierre por planos. En el 94% (15/16) se logró una reparación exitosa en un primer intento. El tiempo de seguimiento poscirugía fue de 10 meses (rango: 3-29). No hubo casos de recidiva en el seguimiento. Una paciente presentó fístula de novo, la cual se reparó de manera exitosa en un segundo intento por vía vaginal. Se reportaron satisfechas con la cirugía 15 pacientes, con mejoría significativa de su calidad de vida. Una paciente reportó sentirse igual (6,3%), pero sus síntomas se debían a síndrome de vejiga hiperactiva que la paciente no lograba diferenciar de los síntomas previos a la cirugía. CONCLUSIÓN: Las FVV en los países desarrollados son secundarias a cirugía ginecológica benigna. La cirugía por vía vaginal en nuestra serie demostró una alta tasa de éxito, con mejora significativa en la calidad de vida de las pacientes.


OBJETIVE: We present a case series of vesico-vaginal fistulas (VVF) vaginal repair in our center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive observational study. All patients with surgical repair of VVF at the Centro de Innovación en Piso Pélvico of Hospital Sótero del Río were evaluated between September 2016 and September 2022. RESULTS: 16 cases were reported. 81.3% were secondary to gynecological surgery. In all cases, a vaginal repair was performed, with a layered closure. 94% (15/16) had no contrast extravasation at the time of examination, confirming fistula closure. The follow-up time was 10 months (range: 3-29). There were no cases of recurrence during follow-up. 1 patient presented de novo fistula which was successfully repaired in a second attempt vaginally. 15/16 patients reported being satisfied with the surgery, with significant improvement in quality of life. 1 patient reported feeling the same (6.3%), but her symptoms were due to overactive bladder syndrome that the patient could not differentiate from the symptoms prior to surgery. CONCLUSION: VFV in developed countries are mainly secondary to benign gynecological surgery. Vaginal surgery in our series achieved a significant improvement in the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Vesicovaginal Fistula/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Urinary Incontinence , Vagina/surgery , Urinary Catheterization , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Vesicovaginal Fistula/diagnosis , Vesicovaginal Fistula/etiology , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diversity and clinical effect of supraclavicular island flap in repairing the defect after head and neck tumor surgery. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 30 patients who received the repair of head and neck defects with supraclavicular island flaps at Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2017 to March 2023. The sites and types of defects, intraoperative blood loss, time of flaps preparation, areas of flaps, survival of the flaps and other complications were recorded. Results:A total of 30 patients were enrolled, including 26 males and 4 females, aged 36-82 years. Among them, 22 patients with hypopharyngeal partial defect were repaired (19 patients with ipsilateral defect and 3 patients with contralateral defect). In addition, 2 patients were repaired with contralateral pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap around the hypopharynx, the neck skin defect was repaired in 2 patients, the parotid skin defect was repaired in 2 patients, the temporal bone skin defect was repaired in 1 patient, and the cervical esophageal defect was repaired in 1 patient. The average blood loss during the operation was 8 ml, and the average time was 32 min. The flap areas ranged from 5.0 cm×4.0 cm to 20.0 cm×8.0 cm. 27 of 30 flaps survived(90.0%), and pharyngeal fistula occurred in 6 patients after operation(4 flaps survived after local dressing). One patient was complicated with venous thrombosis(the flap necrosis after local dressing). Shoulder and neck functions(lift, internal rotation and abduction) were not significantly affected in 29 patients, and the function of 1 patient with shoulder infection was not affected after treatment. Conclusion:Supraclavicular island flap is a highly vascularized axial fascial flap. It is easy to make, thin, and soft in texture, and can be used to repair different sites and types of postoperative head and neck tumor defects with a low donor site complication rate. Good results in post-operative repair of head and neck tumors are worth promoting.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Surgical Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore asurgical methods for replantation of severed finger.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to November 2022, 8 amputated-finger patients were performed surgical reconstructions by using polyfoliate free flaps with the first dorsal metatarsal artery, including 7 males and 1 female, aged from 20 to 55 years old, and defect areas ranged from (1.0 to 2.0) cm×(3.0 to 4.5) cm. Finger pulp sensation, shape and other relevant parameters were assessed following the upper extremity functional evaluation standard, which was put forward by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association. And maryland foot functional score was used to evaluate foot function.@*RESULTS@#Amputated fingers and flaps of all the 8 patients were survived. All patients were followed up for 4 to 20 months, their finger color and temperature tured to normal, with good wear-resistance and cold-resistance. According to Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, functional score ranged 61 to 92;4 patients got excellent result and 4 good. Maryland foot functional score ranged from 93 to 100;and 8 patients got excellent result.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to repair severed fingers with soft tissue defects using polyfoliate free flaps that driven by the flippers of the first and second toes of the foot. This method ccould bridge blood vessels, increase soft tissue volume of the injured finger, and avoid finger shortening, with high patient satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Foot/surgery , Lower Extremity , Surgical Flaps , Toes , Plastic Surgery Procedures
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009099

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of the principle and clinical application of keloid core excision technique.@*METHODS@#The literature on keloid core excision technique at home and abroad in recent years was extensively reviewed, and the principle, development history, indications, advantages and disadvantages of this technique were summarized, and the existing controversies were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Keloid core excision is a technique to remove the inner fibrous core from the keloid and cover the defect with the keloidal flap. It reduces the wound tension, yields good aesthetic results in the treatment of ear keloids, and reduces the recurrence rate of keloids combining with adjuvant therapies.@*CONCLUSION@#The keloid core excision technique has specific advantages, yet its overall efficacy remains controversial. Further studies are imperative to explore the mechanisms regarding keloid recurrence and the vascular supply principles of the keloidal flap. It is also necessary to define appropriate surgical indications and safety protocols of this technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Keloid/pathology , Recurrence , Surgical Flaps/pathology , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009089

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of finger reconstruction using nail flap anastomosing the nerve branch of the first toe nail bed.@*METHODS@#Between January 2016 and December 2022, 18 patients (18 fingers) with thumb or finger nail bed defects were admitted. There were 12 males and 6 females, with an average age of 32 years (range, 19-42 years). Four cases were finger tip tissue damage caused by machine compression, and 4 cases were distal tissue necrosis after finger replantation. There were 9 cases of thumb injury, 3 cases of index finger injury, 5 cases of middle finger injury, and 1 case of ring finger injury. There were 11 cases of distal nail damage and 7 cases of distal nail root (including nail root) damage. The time from injury to admission was 1-5 hours, with an average of 2 hours. After debridement and anti-infection treatment for 5-7 days, the wounds in size of 1 cm×1 cm to 4 cm×3 cm were reconstructed by using nail flaps anastomosing the nerve branches of the first toe nail bed. The size of the nail flaps ranged from 1.5 cm×1.5 cm to 4.5 cm×3.5 cm. The donor sites were repaired with the flaps in 16 cases and skin graft in 2 cases.@*RESULTS@#All nail flaps, flaps, and skin grafts survived after operation and the wounds healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6-12 months (mean, 10 months). The nails of 18 cases were all grown, in which 16 cases had smooth nails with satisfactory appearances, 1 case had uneven nails, and 1 case had obvious scar hyperplasia around the suture opening. At 6 months after operation, the two-point discrimination of the skin flap was 4-8 mm (mean, 6 mm). Meanwhile, the skin grafts and flaps at the donor sites regained protective sensation, good abrasion resistance, and had no negative effect upon walking and wearing shoes.@*CONCLUSION@#The application of a nail flap that anastomoses the nerve branch of the first toe nail bed for finger reconstruction has minimal damage and can achieve good nail bed repair results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Nails/injuries , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Finger Injuries/surgery , Surgical Flaps/innervation , Skin Transplantation/methods , Toes/injuries , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1175-1184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008948

ABSTRACT

Soft tissue defects resulting from head and neck tumor resection seriously impact the physical appearance and psychological well-being of patients. The complex curvature of the human head and neck poses a formidable challenge for maxillofacial surgeons to achieve precise aesthetic and functional restoration after surgery. To this end, a normal head and neck volunteer was selected as the subject of investigation. Employing Gaussian curvature analysis, combined with mechanical constraints and principal curvature analysis methods of soft tissue clinical treatment, a precise developable/non-developable area partition map of the head and neck surface was obtained, and a non-developable surface was constructed. Subsequently, a digital design method was proposed for the repair of head and neck soft tissue defects, and an in vitro simulated surgery experiment was conducted. Clinical verification was performed on a patient with tonsil tumor, and the results demonstrated that digital technology-designed flaps improved the accuracy and aesthetic outcome of head and neck soft tissue defect repair surgery. This study validates the feasibility of digital precision repair technology for soft tissue defects after head and neck tumor resection, which effectively assists surgeons in achieving precise flap transplantation reconstruction and improves patients' postoperative satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Head/surgery , Neck/surgery
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010148

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of different plastic surgeries in the treatment of poor healing wound after posterior spinal internal fixation.@*METHODS@#In this study, 16 patients with poor incision healing after posterior spinal internal fixation were retrospectively included, and dif-ferent plastic surgery treatment plans were determined according to the wound characteristics and defect condition. The measures included debridement, vacuum sealing drainage (VSD), and different tissue flaps according to the location and extent of the defect.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 patients meeting the criteria were included, of whom 3 were treated with debridement combined with VSD and wound suture directly, 6 were treated with debridement combined with Z-flap for wound repair, 1 was treated with bilateral sacrospinous muscle flap for dural defect repair combined with Z-flap for skin wound repair, 1 was treated with lectus dorsi flap for wound repair, 3 were treated with the fourth lumbar artery perforator flap for wound repair. The wound was repaired with local rotating flap in 1 case and gluteus maximus musculocutaneous flap in 1 case. Among the 16 patients, 7 cases were positive for wound culture, including 3 cases of Staphylococcus aureus, 1 case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1 case of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of Escherichia coli, 1 case of Klebsiella pneumoniae, and the other 9 cases were negative. After surgery, there were 7 patients with different degrees of poor wound healing, including 3 patients undergoing dressing change, 2 patients undergoing secondary debridement and suture, 1 patient undergoing free scalp skin graft, and 1 patient undergoing local effusion suction treatment. All the above 7 patients were discharged from hospital after improvement, and the remaining 9 patients had good first-stage wound hea-ling after surgery. None of the 16 patients underwent internal fixation.@*CONCLUSION@#Multiple factors could lead to poor wound healing after posterior spinal internal fixation. Early intervention, thorough debridement, removal of necrotic/infected tissue, and selection of suitable skin flap for effective wound fil-ling and covering were important means to ensure wound healing after spinal surgery and reduce removal of internal fixation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Wound Healing , Debridement , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Surgical Flaps/blood supply , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010126

ABSTRACT

Sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease(SPD) is an acquired disease intimately related to the presence of hair in the gluteal groove. Although its pathogenesis is still controversial, numerous treatment options are available for SPD including gluteal groove and surrounding skin hair removal, sinusectomy, open healing by secondary intention, primary closure, and local excision with flap reconstruction. Lacking of standardized diagnosis and treatment processes of SPD in China, Chinese Medical Doctor Association Anorectal Branch and its Clinical Guidelines Committee jointly organized experts in this field to form expert consensus opinion on the basis of summarizing latest research progress in China and abroad, experts' clinical experience and principles of evidence-based medicine. The expert group formed opinion in 12 terms of SPD diagnosis, risk factors, non-surgical treatment, surgical treatment, minimally invasive treatment, and wound management, and developed the "Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease (2023 edition)" after rounds of discussion and revision, to improve the diagnosis and treatment of SPD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Surgical Flaps , Wound Healing , China , Pilonidal Sinus/surgery
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970976

ABSTRACT

Post-burn contractures are common entities seen in developing countries. There are multiple reasons for the development of contractures, most are preventable. In extensive contractures, a strategic plan is necessary to release all contractures and yet not antagonize post-operative positions. It is also necessary to be cost-effective and minimize the number of surgeries needed. Conventionally the release sequence in extensive burn contractures is proximal to distal. In this case report, we discuss an unusual sequence where we released distal contractures before the proximal to achieve optimum results. A 3-year-old child with post-burn contracture of hand, wrist, elbow, and axilla was treated in 2 stages, with the release of wrist contracture and cover with pedicled abdominal flap in the first stage and division of pedicled flap with the release of axilla and elbow contracture in the second stage. Thus, the release of all contractures was achieved without antagonizing post-operative positions and minimized the number of surgeries. A case-based approach may be crucial in making a strategic surgical plan to minimize the rehabilitation phase, rather than following known dictums.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Upper Extremity , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Contracture/surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981619

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of fascial tissue flaps and skin flaps with layered sutures for repairing wounds after excision of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus.@*METHODS@#Between March 2019 and August 2022, 9 patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus were admitted, including 7 males and 2 females with an average age of 29.4 years (range, 17-53 years). The disease duration ranged from 1 to 36 months, with a median of 6 months. There were 7 cases with obesity and dense hair, 3 cases with infection, and 2 cases with positive bacterial culture of sinus secretion. The wound area after excision ranged from 3 cm×3 cm to 8 cm×4 cm, with a depth of 3-5 cm, reaching the perianal or caudal bone; there were 2 cases with perianal abscess formation and 1 case with caudal bone inflammatory edema. Enlarged resection was performed during operation, and the fascial tissue flap and skin flap were designed and excised at both left and right sides of the buttock, ranging from 3.0 cm×1.5 cm to 8.0 cm×2.0 cm. A cross drainage tube was placed at the bottom of the wound, and the fascial tissue flap and skin flap were advanced and sutured in three layers, namely, 8-string sutures in the fascial layer, barbed wire reduction sutures in the dermis, and interrupted skin sutures.@*RESULTS@#All 9 patients were followed up 3-36 months, with an average of 12 months. All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as incisional dehiscence or infection in the operative area occurred. There was no recurrence of sinus tracts, the shape of gluteal sulcus was satisfactory, both sides of buttocks were symmetrical, local incision scar was concealed, and the shape disruption was minimal.@*CONCLUSION@#Fascial tissue flaps and skin flaps with layered sutures for repairing wounds after excision of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus can effectively fill the cavity and reduce the incidence of poor incision healing, with the advantages of small trauma and simple operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Pilonidal Sinus/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Surgical Flaps , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Sutures , Perforator Flap
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the effectiveness of the temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery for repairing defects after periocular malignant tumor resection.@*METHODS@#Between January 2015 and December 2020, 15 patients with periocular malignant tumors were treated. There were 5 males and 10 females with an average age of 62 years (range, 40-75 years). There were 12 cases of basal cell carcinoma and 3 cases of squamous carcinoma. The disease duration ranged from 5 months to 10 years (median, 2 years). The size of tumors ranged from 1.0 cm×0.8 cm to 2.5 cm×1.5 cm, without tarsal plate invasion. After extensive resection of the tumors, the left defects in size of 2.0 cm×1.5 cm to 3.5 cm×2.0 cm were repaired with the temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery via subcutaneous tunnel. The size of the flaps ranged from 3.0 cm×1.5 cm to 5.0 cm×2.0 cm. The donor sites were separated subcutaneously and sutured directly.@*RESULTS@#All flaps survived after operation and the wounds healed by first intention. The incisions at donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6-24 months (median, 11 months). The flaps were not obviously bloated, the texture and color were basically the same as the surrounding normal skin, and the scars at recipient sites were not obviously. There was no complication such as ptosis, ectropion, or incomplete closure of the eyelids and recurrence of tumor during follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#The temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery can repair the defects after periorbital malignant tumors resection and has the advantages of reliable blood supply, flexible design, and good morphology and function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Surgical Flaps , Arteries/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Perforator Flap/blood supply
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 82: e0043, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507881

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT LASIK is a refractive surgical procedure in which a corneal flap is created to expose the corneal stromal bed. Preoperative estimation of corneal flap thickness is necessary to calculate the percentage tissue altered in LASIK, an important quantitative risk factor for ectasia. The objective of this study was to assess flap thickness and calculate percentage tissue altered to check if unexpectedly thicker flaps and higher percentage tissue altered could pose as risk factors of ectasia. Four subjects (eight eyes) were submitted to mechanical LASIK in 2009 and 2010. Pre and postoperative clinical and tomographic data were reviewed. Mean preoperative estimated percentage tissue altered was 39.18±1.31%, which was borderline for increased ectasia risk when considering the limit of 40%. However, when considering the postoperatively measured flap thickness, the actual mean percentage tissue altered turned out to be 45.17 ± 4.13%, which was significantly higher than predicted preoperatively (p=0.002). Unexpectedly higher postoperative percentage tissue altered may be responsible for corneal ectasia after mechanical LASIK.


RESUMO A LASIK é um procedimento cirúrgico refrativo, no qual um retalho corneano é criado para expor o leito estromal corneano. A estimativa pré-operatória da espessura do retalho corneano é necessária para calcular o percentual de tecido alterado no LASIK, um importante fator de risco quantitativo para ectasia. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a espessura do retalho e calcular o percentual de tecido alterado para verificar se retalhos inesperadamente mais espessos e percentuais de tecido alterado mais altos poderiam representar fatores de risco de ectasia. Quatro indivíduos (oito olhos) foram submetidos à LASIK mecânica em 2009 e 2010. Dados clínicos e tomográficos pré e pós-operatórios foram revisados. A média de percentual de tecido alterado pré-operatória estimada foi de 39,18±1,31%, limítrofe para risco aumentado de ectasia quando considerado o limite de 40%. No entanto, ao considerar a espessura do retalho medida no pós-operatório, o percentual de tecido alterado médio real foi de 45,17±4,13%, ou seja, significativamente maior do que o previsto no pré-operatório (p=0,002). O percentual de tecido alterado pós-operatóriao inesperadamente mais alto pode ser responsável pela ectasia da córnea após LASIK mecânico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Flaps/pathology , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/adverse effects , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/methods , Dilatation, Pathologic/etiology , Lasers, Excimer/adverse effects , Refractive Errors , Cornea/surgery , Cornea/pathology , Corneal Topography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Dilatation, Pathologic/diagnosis , Refractive Surgical Procedures/methods , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of supraclavicular fasciocutaneous island flap (SIF) for repairing the defect of parotid or auricle regions after tumor resection. Methods: From February 2019 to June 2021, 12 patients (11 males and 1 female, aged 54-77 years old), of whom 4 with parotid adenoid cystic carcinoma and 8 with auricular basal cell carcinoma underwent reconstruction surgery for postoperative defects in the parotid gland area and auricular area with SIF in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Size of the SIF, time for harvesting SIF, neck lymph node dissection and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: The flap areas were (6-9) cm × (8-13) cm, and the harvesting time for SIF ranged from 40 to 80 min, averaging 51.7 min. The donor sites were directly closed. All patients underwent ipsilateral levels Ⅰ-Ⅲ neck dissection, with 4 cases undergoing additional level Ⅳ neck dissection and 2 cases undergoing level Ⅳ-Ⅴ neck dissection. Of the 12 SIF, 10 were completely survival and 2 had flap arterial crisis with partial flap necrosis, in addition, 1 had donor site wound dehiscence. With follow-up of 10-42 months, there were no tumor recurrences in 10 patients, 1 patient was lost to follow-up at 10 months postoperatively, and 1 patient experienced local tumor recurrence at 11 months after surgery and died 15 months later. Conclusion: SIF is an easily harvested flap with good skin features matching the skin in parotid and auricle regions and less damage to donor site, and this flap has no need for microvascular anastomosis technique. SIF is feasible and effective for repairing defects in parotid and auricle area.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Parotid Gland/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Surgical Flaps/blood supply , Skin Transplantation/methods , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986915

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of auricle reconstruction in adult patients with microtia and summarize the experience. Methods: Clinical data of adult patients with microtia who underwent total auricle reconstruction using the modified Nagata's two stage for microtia reconstruction from June 2016 to June 2021 were analyzed. A total of 41 adult patients (42 ears) with microtia were enrolled, including 30 males and 11 females, with the median age at the time of surgery of 37 years. Autogenous costal cartilage was used as the auricular framework for all patients in this group. The first stage surgery was performed according to the modified Nagata's two stage for microtia reconstruction procedure,cartilage auricular framework carving was performed by different methods according to the ossification state of adult costal cartilage. Six months following the primary operation, ear elevation and cranioauricular angle formation, retroauricular facial flap transfer and medium-thick skin grafting were performed in the second stage. Results: All patients successfully completed two stage operation. During the follow-up of 3 months and 24 months, all the 41 patients were satisfied with the morphology of reconstructed auricle. Conclusion: According to the costal cartilage status of adult patients, different costal cartilage carving techniques can be used for total auricle reconstruction to obtain ideal surgical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Congenital Microtia/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Ear, External/surgery , Ear Auricle/surgery
20.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 28(2): 53-61, 20220000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413445

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los tratamientos del cáncer de mama en estadios avanzados suelen ser tratamientos radicales. Ello implica la resección de grandes cantidades de tejido, a veces asociada a radioterapia o a procedimientos como quimioembolización intraarterial, lo que suele dar como resultado un gran defecto de cobertura cutánea que involucra no solo la mama sino también todo el hemitórax. Esto resulta un desafío para el cirujano plástico reconstructivo, ya que tiene que acudir a técnicas reconstructivas más complejas. En este trabajo proponemos, para estas pacientes, reconstrucción mamaria unilateral con la utilización de dos colgajos para cubrir el defecto completamente y así restaurar el tórax y la mama. Pacientes y métodos. Se realiza un estudio retrospectivo desde enero de 2017 a agosto de 2019. Se analizan 11 (once) pacientes con grandes defectos de cobertura cutánea. Diez pacientes reúnen la característica común de haber presentado cáncer de mama en estadio III, sometiéndose a cirugía radical + radioterapia. Una de las once presenta una necrosis extensa del hemitórax y la mama producto de una complicación de la quimioembolización intraarterial. Se realizó reconstrucción mamaria unilateral en dos tiempos con tejido autólogo mediante dos colgajos: colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado + colgajo dorsal ancho libre (6 casos). Una de ellas acude con el primer colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado realizado en otra institución; colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado + colgajo DIEP (3 casos); colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado + colgajo SGAP (1 caso), colgajo TRAM pediculado y colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado (1 caso). Resultados. Todos los colgajos sobrevivieron. El caso del paciente con colgajo TRAM fue derivado de otra institución con una vitalidad del 50%. Se presentó un caso de seroma en zona dadora de la espalda y una dehiscencia de herida en el mismo. El seguimiento promedio fue de 21,36 meses luego de la segunda instancia quirúrgica. Conclusiones. Los grandes defectos de tejidos blandos en el tórax anterior causados por resecciones extrarradicales de mama dejan defectos demasiado grandes para ser cubiertos por los colgajos de reconstrucción mamaria tradicionales. La reconstrucción mediante la asociación de un colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado y un colgajo dorsal ancho libre demostró ser una buena opción estética y funcional para poder resolver estos casos complejos que involucran no solo a la mama, sino también a la región torácica.


Large soft tissue defects in the anterior thorax cause by extraradical breast resections leave too large defects to be covered by traditional breast reconstruction flaps. Reconstruction by association of a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap and a free latissimus dorsi flap proved to be a good aesthetic and functional option, so much to be able to solve these complex cases that involve not only the breast as well also to the thoracic region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Surgical Flaps , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Free Tissue Flaps
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