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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e246463, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355899

ABSTRACT

Abstract Quilombola communities are present in many Brazilian states living in precarious health conditions. This is due to geographic isolation, limitations to the access of the area in which they live in, and the lack of quality in the service when it is needed to be provided. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the quality of life of women from a quilombola community in northeastern Brazil. It is an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study. 160 adult women were first interviewed through a form to collect a profile and then it was applied the WHOQOL Quality of Life questionnaire - bref. It was observed that the women were on average 40.7 years old (±17.25), married, self-declared black, who did not finish elementary school, housewife, had no income, with their own masonry house, with up to 6 rooms, supplied by a box of community treated water. Quality of Life had median scores in the domains: physical (3.18), psychological (3.4), social relationships (3.45) and environment (2.59). With this research, it was possible to characterize the quilombola community of Santa Luzia do Norte-AL regarding the difficulties of access to health and income generation, issues that affect their health condition. The problems described in this study can contribute to health actions being planned and carried out in order to improve socioeconomic and health conditions in this community, considering the social, political and environmental context, valuing their traditional knowledge and practices.


Resumo As comunidades quilombolas, estão presentes em diversos estados brasileiros, vivendo em condições de saúde mais precárias. Isto ocorre por conta do isolamento geográfico, das limitações de acesso e da falta de qualidade no serviço quando este é prestado. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar a qualidade de vida de mulheres de uma comunidade quilombola do nordeste brasileiro. Estudo observacional, transversal e descritivo. Foram entrevistadas 160 mulheres adultas, através de um formulário para a coleta de perfil e do questionário de Qualidade de Vida WHOQOL - bref. Foi observado que as mulheres tinham em média 40,7 anos (±17,25), casadas, autodeclaradas negras, com fundamental incompleto, do lar, sem renda, com moradia de alvenaria, própria, com até 6 cômodos, abastecidas por caixa de água comunitária, tratada. A Qualidade de Vida, apresentou escores medianos nos domínios: físico (3,18), psicológico (3,4), relações sociais (3,45) e meio ambiente (2,59). Com a realização desta pesquisa foi possível caracterizar a comunidade quilombola de Santa Luzia do Norte-AL quanto as dificuldades de acesso a saúde e geração de renda, fatos que repercutem na sua condição de saúde. Os problemas descritos neste estudo podem contribuir para que ações de saúde sejam planejadas e efetivadas com o intuito de melhorar as condições socioeconômicas e de saúde nessa comunidade, considerando-se o contexto social, político e ambiental, valorizando seus saberes e práticas tradicionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Plants, Medicinal , Pakistan , Surveys and Questionnaires , Plant Leaves , Ethnobotany , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225272, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354777

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the pre-clinical and clinical students` perceptions about the non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques in paediatric dentistry and to investigate the influence of the dental curriculum on the students` knowledge regarding this issue. Methods: A total of 283 students from the IV-and X-semester completed a questionnaire, consisted of 12 statements, describing the nonpharmacological behaviour management techniques for the treatment of paediatric dental patients. The acceptability rate was evaluated with a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5. Results: The students from all courses demonstrated high acceptance for Reinforcement and Desensitization techniques and low for the Negative reinforcement and Physical restraint. The comparison between the perceptions of the pre-clinical and clinical students demonstrated a statistically significant increase in the acceptance of the physical restraint, along with Nonverbal communication, Modelling and Parental presence/absence (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results provide information about the students' knowledge and skills in behaviour management techniques together with some insights about how the educational process can modify the students` perceptions and views in dealing with paediatric dental patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pediatric Dentistry , Methods
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225580, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354782

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the decision-making by patients to replace temporary restorations with permanent restorations after endodontic treatment and to verify the associated factors and evaluate the quality/integrity of the temporary restorative material within one month. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using non-probabilistic sampling which analyzed patients after one month of endodontic treatment. The self-administered questionnaire contained sociodemographic, treatment decision-making and endodontic treatment questions. The restoration present in the mouth was evaluated in the clinical oral examination. The Poisson Regression test was used to verify the prevalence ratio. Results: The prevalence failure to perform permanent restorations was 61.1% of patients, and 42.7% reported not having adhered. The reasons are lack of time and not knowing the importance of replacing the restoration with a definitive one. The glass ionomer temporary restorative frequency was higher among those who chose not to replace the temporary restoration with a permanent one (PR=5.19; 95%CI 2.10-12.33). In addition, there was an association between the quality of the restorative material and the type of material, and the best clinical quality of the restoration was statistically associated with glass ionomer and composite resin. Conclusions: The findings show the importance of guidance by the dental surgeon in helping patients decide to replace their temporary restoration


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dental Restoration, Temporary , Endodontics
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225337, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366230

ABSTRACT

Aim: To elaborate and validate an instrument for Brazilian Portuguese speakers, to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes mellitus (Dental-Diabetes). Methods: Methodological study comprising four stages: a) Elaboration of instrument; b) Content validation (computing Content Validity Index - CVI) based on Expert Committee assessment; c) Pre-test with 30 dentists, followed by assessment of suggestions by Expert Committee; d) Psychometric validation through instrument application in a sample of 127 dentists by means of the web tool e-Surv. Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate, respectively, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results: The final version of the instrument consists of 22 questions (7 on sociodemographic data and 15 querying dentists' knowledge) and those submitted for validation attained a CVI of 0.95 [95% CI 0.916-0,981], showing satisfactory internal consistency, with 0.794 Cronbach's alpha [95% CI 0.741-0.842] and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.799 [95% CI: 0.746-0.846] between the test and retest scores. Conclusions: Dental-Diabetes is a comprehensive instrument, culturally adequate and validated to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists , Diabetes Mellitus , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): 240-247, Agosto 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1371814

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La expresión del género y laidentidad sexual no siempre coinciden con el sexo asignado al nacer. Nos propusimos como objetivo explorar las percepciones de género en adolescentes que consultaron en un hospital universitario de la comunidad. Población y métodos. Se diseñó un estudio de corte transversal. Se realizó una encuesta anónima en la sala de espera a los pacientes de 13 a 20 años que se atendieron en los consultorios externos de adolescencia entre abril y diciembre del 2019. Resultados. Respondieron la encuesta 834 adolescentes y el promedio de edad de los encuestados fue de 16,3 ± 2,3 años. El 3,3 % de los adolescentes (2,9 % mujeres y 4,3 % varones) se percibieron con una identidad de género diferente a su sexo de nacimiento. El 26 % no percibió su orientación sexual en términos heteronormativos, casi el 10 % se sintió discriminado por su orientación sexual, y esto estuvo asociado a la orientación sexual no heteronormativa (p <0,0001). Las adolescentes mujeres besaron en la boca a personas del mismo sexo en mayor medida que los varones, 44,8 % versus 19 % (p <0,0001). Conclusiones. El 3,3 % de la población adolescente se percibió con una identidad de género diferente al sexo de nacimiento y el 26 % tuvo una orientación sexual no heteronormativa.


Introduction. Gender expression and sexual identity are not always the same as the sex assigned at birth. Our objective was to explore gender perceptions among adolescents who attended a teaching hospital in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Population and methods. This was a cross- sectional study. An anonymous survey was administered to patients aged 13-20 years at the waiting room of the outpatient adolescent clinic between April and December 2019. Results. A total of 834 adolescents completed the survey; their average age was 16.3 ± 2.3 years. Among them, 3.3% (2.9% females and 4.3% males) perceived their gender identity as different from their sex assigned at birth; 26% perceived their sexual orientation was not heteronormative; almost 10% experienced discrimination due to their sexual orientation; and this was associated with a non-heteronormative sexual orientation (p < 0.0001). Female adolescents kissed same sex persons on the mouth more often than male adolescents: 44.8% versus 19% (p < 0.0001). Conclusions. In this population of adolescents, 3.3% perceived their gender identity was different from their sex assigned at birth and 26% had a non-heteronormative sexual orientation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Sexual Behavior , Gender Identity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 96 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1379708

ABSTRACT

A qualidade de vida em saúde é um tema com enfoque na percepção do paciente e tem sido mais utilizada para ajudar, entre outros fatores, na tomada de decisão clínica. Ela pode ser afetada por diversos fatores e um deles são os efeitos colaterais de tratamentos oncológicos. A mucosite oral é uma inflamação da cavidade oral que pode se apresentar de formas mais leves ou mais severas e traz consequências para o cotidiano das pessoas que por ela são afetadas, como a dificuldade em falar e comer. Buscando entender melhor como essa doença afeta a vida dos pacientes, o instrumento Oral mucositis quality of life (OMQoL) foi criado, e esse estudo tem o objetivo de avaliar as propriedades psicométricas e subescalas desse instrumento para validá-lo. Foram entrevistados 102 pacientes em 2 hospitais diferentes (Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, na cidade de São Paulo, SP e Hospital Napoleão Laureano, em João Pessoa, PB), a amostra incluiu pacientes maiores de 18 anos em tratamento oncológico. Foi utilizado além do OMQoL, um questionário sociodemográfico para caracterização da amostra. Para avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do instrumento foi realizada uma análise fatorial confirmatória. A amostra era pareada e com dados seguindo a curva de normalidade. A análisse da relação entre o grau de mucosite oral e os diferentes grupos dos hospitais demonstraram diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p<0,001), mas o mesmo não aconteceu com idade (p=0,179) e sexo (p=0,486). Foi realizada análise fatorial confirmatória que mostrou que o instrumento tem boas propriedades, caso seja excluído uma das perguntas do mesmo. Propomos um instrumento reduzido, com propriedades ainda melhores e com menos perguntas. O instrumento Oral Mucositis Quality of Life é válido para ser utilizado na população brasileira, assim como a sua versão reduzida proposta por esse estudo.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Stomatitis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Validation Study , Neoplasms
8.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 23(1): 30-43, jan.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356768

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as experiências na família de origem de casais que vivenciam violência uni ou bidirecional. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa, descritiva e comparativa, da qual participaram 304 casais heterossexuais. Foram utilizados um questionário sociodemográfico, a Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) e o Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ). Para 72,4% dos casais a violência psicológica se expressou de forma bidirecional, já a violência física e a coerção sexual, quando unidirecionais, foram mais cometidas pelos homens. A dimensão de violência física foi a que teve mais experiências da família de origem que se diferenciaram entre os grupos. Acredita-se que atuar preventivamente minimize a perpetuação de relacionamentos cujo modo de resolução de conflitos ocorra por meio da violência.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to compare the experiences lived in the family of origin of couples who undergo uni or bidirectional violence. It is a quantitative, descriptive, comparative study in which 304 heterosexual couples participated. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), and the Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ) were used. For 72.4% of couples, psychological violence was expressed in a bidirectional way, whereas physical violence and sexual coercion, when unidirectional, were more committed by men. The dimension of physical violence was the one that had the most experiences of the family of origin, which differed between the groups. Acting in a preventive way may minimize the perpetuation of relationships that use violence to solve conflicts.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar las experiencias en la familia de origen de parejas que experimentan violencia uni o bidireccional. Se trata de una investigación cuantitativa, descriptiva y comparativa, en que participaron 304 parejas heterosexuales. Se utilizó un cuestionario sociodemográfico, la Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) y el Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ). Para el 72,4% de las parejas, la violencia psicológica se expresa de forma bidireccional, ya la violencia física y la coacción sexual, cuando son unidireccionales, son más cometidas por hombres. La dimensión de violencia física fue la que más vivencias tuvo de la familia de origen, la cual difirió entre los grupos. Se cree que actuar preventivamente puede minimizar la perpetuación de relaciones cuyo modo de resolución de conflictos ocurra por medio de la violencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Marriage , Family Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Family Relations , Physical Abuse , Domestic Violence
9.
Rev. ADM ; 79(3): 177-181, mayo-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379096

ABSTRACT

La masticación tiene como objetivo la adecuada preparación de los alimentos para su deglución y digestión. Cualquier alteración en el sistema estomatognático puede deteriorar la masticación. El odontó- logo es el profesional responsable de mantener y/o restaurar la función masticatoria. La evaluación de la función masticatoria puede hacerse de forma subjetiva utilizando cuestionarios para medir la percepción del paciente sobre su capacidad masticatoria o de forma objetiva analizando la fuerza oclusal, la actividad electromiográfica de los músculos mas- ticadores, la trayectoria de la mandíbula al masticar o la capacidad de trituración de los alimentos. Estos métodos se utilizan en proyectos de investigación, pero en la clínica ¿evaluamos si existe alguna alteración al masticar y al finalizar el tratamiento si cumplimos con el objetivo de restaurar la función masticatoria? ¿Realmente nos preocupamos por mantener y/o restaurar la función masticatoria? Por lo general no, ni en los consultorios, ni en las clínicas universitarias. Es esencial que nos concienticemos de nuestra responsabilidad y para ello es necesario que se le dé mayor peso curricular a la función masticatoria y cómo evaluarla. Seamos realmente custodios de la función masticatoria de nuestros pacientes (AU)


The goal of chewing is to properly prepare food for swallowing and digestion. Any problem in the stomatognathic system can deteriorate chewing. The professional responsible of maintaining and/or restoring masticatory function is the dentist. Masticatory function can be evaluated subjectively through questionnaires to measure the patient's perception of his/her masticatory capacity or objectively analyzing occlusal force, the electromyographic activity of the masticatory muscles, the movements of the mandible during chewing or the individual's capacity to breakdown food. These methods are used in research projects but, do we examine if there is any problem during chewing and if we are achieving our goal of restoring masticatory function at the end of the treatment in our offices? Do we really focus on maintaining and/or restoring masticatory function? Not truly, not in our offices or university clinics. It is imperative that we acknowledge our responsibility but for that it is essential that masticatory function and how to evaluate it is given more weight in the curriculum. Let us be genuine guardians of the masticatory function of our patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomatognathic System , Mastication , Masticatory Muscles , Perception , Bite Force , Surveys and Questionnaires , Deglutition/physiology
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): 152-157, junio 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368127

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La lactancia materna (LM) reduce el riesgo de morbimortalidad en niños, además, provee ventajas medioambientales y económicas. El monitoreo de su práctica es indispensable para las políticas públicas. Objetivos. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron estimar la prevalencia de LM en la población que demanda al sector público, comparar la prevalencia con datos del 2015 y evaluar variables de interés asociadas. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal observacional. Mediante un cuestionario estructurado, se relevó información de ingestión y datos sociodemográficos de lactantes <6 meses (n = 15 322) y de entre 12 y 15 meses (n = 3243) que concurrieron en forma espontánea a efectores del sector público entre agosto y septiembre de 2017. Resultados. La prevalencia de LM exclusiva (LME) en <6 meses fue del 53,5 % (intervalo de confianza del 95 % [IC95%]: 52,7-54,3); al cuarto y sexto mes, del 51,5 % (IC95%: 49,7-53,4) y del 41,7 % (IC95%: 39,8-43,5) respectivamente. La prevalencia de LME al cuarto y al sexto mes aumentaron en relación con el 2015 (p <0,001). La prevalencia de LM en niños de 12 a 15 meses fue del 77,8 % (IC95%: 76,4-79,3). Las siguientes variables se asociaron en forma independiente con menor frecuencia de LME (en <6 meses) y LM: mayor edad del niño, menor nivel educativo materno, parto por cesárea, bajo peso al nacer, puesta al pecho después de la primera hora y separación de la díada madre-hijo/a ≥4 horas diarias. Conclusiones. La LME al sexto mes y la LM continuada muestran cierta mejora, pero aún la proporción de lactantes amamantados no logra alcanzar niveles deseables.


Introduction. Breastfeeding reduces the risk for morbidity and mortality in children and also provides environmental and financial advantages. Breastfeeding monitoring is critical for public policies. Objectives. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of breastfeeding in the population seeking care in the public sector, compare this prevalence to data from 2015, and assess associated outcome measures. Population and methods. Cross-sectional, observational study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect intake and sociodemographic data from infants aged < 6 months (n = 15 322) and 12-15 months (n = 3243) who sought care from public sector health care providers spontaneously between August and September 2017. Results. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding among infants < 6 months was 53.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 52.7-54.3); and at 4 and 6 months, 51.5% (95% CI: 49.7-53.4) and 41.7% (95% CI: 39.8-43.5), respectively. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding at 4 and 6 months increased compared to 2015 (p < 0.001). The prevalence of breastfeeding among infants aged 12-15 months was 77.8% (95% CI: 76.4-79.3). The following variables were independently associated with a lower frequency of exclusive breastfeeding (< 6 months old) and breastfeeding: older age, lower level of maternal education, delivery via C-section, low birth weight, initial breastfeeding after the first hour, and separation of the mother-child dyad ≥ 4 hours a day. Conclusions. Exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months and continued breastfeeding showed certain improvement, but the rate of breastfed infants is still below desirable levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Breast Feeding , Public Health , Argentina/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Public Sector
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): 180-186, junio 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368150

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La exostosis múltiple hereditaria es una enfermedad poco frecuente autosómica dominante caracterizada por presencia de múltiples proyecciones óseas. Objetivo. Analizar factores asociados a la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) en niños >2 años y en adultos en seguimiento en un hospital de pediatría de alta complejidad de Argentina. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal de una cohorte en seguimiento. La CVRS se midió con Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) y Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Se registró sexo, edad, características sociodemográficas, estatura, radiología, alteración de eje y función de miembros, presencia de dolor y malignización. Se clasificó la gravedad según Pedrini y col. Se realizaron pruebas paramétricas, no paramétricas y análisis de regresión. Resultados. Se incluyeron 66 casos (47 niños y 19 adultos). Relación sexo masculino/femenino: 1,7/1. Mediana de edad: 13,4 años (r: 2,2155,3). Presentaron dolor 30 de 47 niños y 17 de 19 adultos. Si se considera la edad ósea adulta (o cierre epifisario) como punto de corte para definir el estado de adulto, 11 de 37 niños y 18 de 27 adultos presentaron forma grave de enfermedad, y se observó baja estatura en 2 de 38 niños y en 9 de 27 adultos. El valor promedio del componente físico de CVRS en niños fue 65,9 (DE: 22,5) y, en adultos, 27,2 (RIC: 18,5-34,7). La presencia de dolor y la gravedad clínica se asoció significativamente a menor CVRS tanto en niños como en adultos. Conclusiones. En este estudio se observó que el dolor y la gravedad de la enfermedad tuvieron un efecto negativo en la CVRS.


Introduction. Hereditary osteochondromatosis is an uncommon, autosomal, dominant condition characterized by the presence of multiple bone growths. Objective. To analyze factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among children > 2 years and adults receiving follow-up at a tertiary care children's hospital in Argentina. Population and methods. Cross-sectional study of a follow-up cohort. HRQoL was measured using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF36). Sex, age, sociodemographic characteristics, height, radiology, axis alteration and limb function, presence of pain, and malignant change were recorded. Severity was classified as per Pedrini et al. Parametric and non-parametric tests and regression analysis were done. Results. A total of 66 cases (47 children and 19 adults) were included. Male/female ratio: 1.7/1. Median age: 13.4 years (r: 2.21-55.3). Pain was observed in 30/47 children and in 17/19 adults. Considering the adult bone age (or epiphyseal closure) as the cutoff point to define adult status, 11/37 children and 18/27 adults had a severe disease and 2/38 children and 9/27 adults had short stature. The average value of the physical component of HRQoL in children was 65.9 (SD: 22.5) and, in adults, 27.2 (IQR: 18.534.7). The presence of pain and clinical severity were significantly associated with a lower HRQoL, both in children and adults. Conclusions. This study found that pain and disease severity had a negative effect on HRQoL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Osteochondromatosis , Pain , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 349-355, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377377

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a type of cancer caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between awareness of cervical cancer and HPV infection and attitudes towards HPV vaccine among women aged 15-49 years. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at Karabük Training and Research Hospital, Turkey. METHODS: 500 women who visited the gynecology outpatient clinic of a public hospital between July 15 and December 31, 2019, were selected through random sampling. Data were collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire comprising nine questions (created by the researchers), the HPV and Cervical Cancer Awareness Questionnaire and the Carolina HPV Immunization Attitudes and Beliefs Scale. RESULTS: The relationship between the awareness questionnaire and the beliefs scale was explained through simple effect modeling of a structural equation. The women's knowledge score regarding cervical cancer and HPV infection was 4.69 ± 4.02 out of 15. Women were afraid of being diagnosed with cervical cancer and HPV infection, but they did not have sufficient information. They had poor information about the HPV vaccine, did not know how to obtain the vaccine and did not have enough information about its benefits and harmful effects. Women who were afraid of getting cervical cancer, and who thought that they were at risk, had more information about the HPV vaccine. CONCLUSION: Women need information about cervical cancer, HPV infection and the HPV vaccine. Midwives, nurses and physicians who provide healthcare services in gynecological follow-ups should provide information to women about the HPV vaccine and cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 412-421, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377378

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Workplaces can be sources of mental distress. In healthcare services, this can also affect patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of and factors associated with depressive symptoms, burnout, job satisfaction and patient safety culture and the relationships between these constructs, among healthcare workers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in a university hospital in Manaus, Brazil. METHODS: Randomly selected workers were interviewed based on Brazilian-validated tools. We calculated the prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of depressive symptoms and burnout using Poisson regression with robust variance; and the β-coefficient of safety culture and job satisfaction using linear regression. Outcome relationships were assessed using partial least-squares structural equation modeling. RESULTS: 300 professionals were included; 67.3% were women. The prevalence of depressive symptom was 19.0% (95% CI: 14.5; 23.5%) and burnout, 8.7% (95% CI: 5.2; 12.3%). Lack of work stability increased depression (PR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.17; 3.01) and burnout (PR = 2.17; 95% CI: 1.03; 4.57); and reduced job satisfaction (β = -11.93; 95% CI: -18.79; -5.07). Depressive symptoms and burnout were positively correlated, as also were job satisfaction and safety culture (P < 0.001); job satisfaction was negatively correlated with burnout (P < 0.001) and depression (P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: Impermanent employment contracts increased depression and burnout and reduced job satisfaction. Job satisfaction reduced poor mental health outcomes and increased safety culture. Job satisfaction and safety culture were directly proportional (one construct increased the other and vice versa), as also were depression and burnout. Better working conditions can provide a virtuous cycle of patient safety and occupational health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Job Satisfaction , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction , Safety Management , Depression/epidemiology , Patient Safety , Latent Class Analysis , Hospitals, University
14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 331-340, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377392

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Brazil is facing increasing cycles of numbers of infected people and deaths resulting from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This situation involves a series of factors, including the behavior of the population, that can be decisive for controlling the disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the Brazilian population regarding COVID-19. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey-type study, conducted using a population sample from different Brazilian states. METHODS: A quantitative, descriptive and analytical approach was used. Sampling was done according to convenience and via snowballing. The data collection instrument was a knowledge, attitudes and practices system. RESULTS: 1,655 people from all over Brazil participated in the survey; 80% were living in the southern region and 70.15% were female. More than 90% had knowledge and good attitudes relating to the means of transmission, preventive care and symptoms associated with COVID-19, although their knowledge and attitudes were not fully reflected in daily practices, for which there was lower adherence (80%). Greater knowledge was correlated with older participants, larger number of children, female sex and marital status; better attitude, with female sex and complete higher education; and better practices, with greater age, larger number of children and female sex. CONCLUSION: A large part of the population has general knowledge about COVID-19, but not all knowledge was applied in practice. Older people, females and university graduates stood out as the best informed and most committed to controlling the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Aged , COVID-19 , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Aquichan ; 22(2): e2226, may. 13, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1372045

ABSTRACT

Objective: To adapt and validate the Tuberculosis Related Stigma Scale (TRSS) in European Portuguese. Materials and method: A methodological study in a sample of 204 individuals being treated for pulmonary tuberculosis in Portuguese Pulmonary Diagnostic Centers, with at least one month of treatment or in follow-up. The evaluation process of linguistic and conceptual equivalence involved translation, the consensus among judges, back-translation, semantic validation, and pre-testing of the TRSS. The scale's psychometric properties were assessed by verifying the reliability and validity of the results and calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient and the exploratory factor analysis of principal components, with Varimax rotation of the scale items. Results: The Portuguese version of the TRSS has a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.94 and has 23 items distributed in two dimensions: "Community's perspectives on tuberculosis" (11 items) and "Person's perspectives on tuberculosis" (12 items). Its psychometric characteristics ensure adequate reliability and validity for the Portuguese population. Conclusions: The TRSS is a valid and reliable instrument to assess stigma in people with pulmonary tuberculosis and, to date, the only scale validated in this domain for the Portuguese population, which allows nurses to make an integrated intervention.


Objetivo: adaptar e validar a Tuberculosis Related Stigma Scale (TRSS) para o português de Portugal. Materiais e método: estudo metodológico, numa amostra de 204 pessoas em tratamento de tuberculose pulmonar, em Centros de Diagnóstico Pneumológico portugueses, com pelo menos um mês de tratamento, ou em follow-up. O processo de avaliação da equivalência linguística e conceptual envolveu tradução, consenso entre juízes, retrotradução, validação semântica e pré-teste da TRSS. As propriedades psicométricas da escala foram avaliadas através da verificação da confiabilidade e validade dos resultados, recorrendo ao cálculo do coeficiente alfa de Cronbach e da análise fatorial exploratória de componentes principais, com rotação Varimax dos itens da escala. Resultados: a versão portuguesa da TRSS tem um coeficiente alfa de Cronbach de 0,94 e ficou com 23 itens distribuídos por duas dimensões: "Perspetivas da comunidade em relação à tuberculose" (11 itens) e "Perspetivas da pessoa em relação à tuberculose" (12 itens). As características psicométricas garantem-lhe confiabilidade e validade adequadas para a população portuguesa. Conclusões: a TRSS constitui um instrumento válido e confiável para avaliar o estigma na pessoa com tuberculose pulmonar sendo, até ao momento, a única escala validada nesse domínio para a população portuguesa, o que permite ao enfermeiro uma intervenção integrada.


Objetivo: adaptar y validar la Tuberculosis Related Stigma Scale (TRSS) en el portugués de Portugal. Materiales y método: estudio metodológico, en una muestra de 204 personas en tratamiento de tuberculosis pulmonar, en Centros de Diagnóstico Neumológico portugueses, con por lo menos un mes de tratamiento o en seguimiento. El proceso de evaluación de la equivalencia lingüística y conceptual implicó traducción, consenso entre expertos, retrotraducción, validación semántica y preprueba de la TRSS. Las propiedades psicométricas de la escala se evaluaron a partir de la verificación de la fiabilidad y validez de los resultados, mediante el cálculo del coeficiente alfa de Cronbach y el análisis factorial exploratorio de componentes principales, con rotación Varimax de los ítems de la escala. Resultados: la versión portuguesa de la TRSS tiene un coeficiente alfa de Cronbach de 0,94 y quedó con 23 ítems distribuidos en dos dimensiones: "Perspectivas de la comunidad en relación con la tuberculosis" (11 ítems) y "Perspectivas de la persona en relación con la tuberculosis" (12 ítems). Las características psicométricas le garantizan confiabilidad y validez adecuadas para la población portuguesa. Conclusiones: la TRSS constituye un instrumento válido y fiable para medir el estigma en la persona con tuberculosis pulmonar y es, hasta ahora, la única escala validada en este dominio para la población portuguesa, lo que le permite al profesional de enfermería una intervención integrada.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Validation Study , Social Stigma , Nursing
16.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 20(1): 123-144, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365868

ABSTRACT

Resumen (analítico) Se parte de la siguiente pregunta: ¿cómo representan las y los escolares chilenos de educación básica de una escuela pública de Santiago a sus compañeras y compañeros migrantes haitianos? Se utiliza un enfoque cuantitativo que recurre a la encuesta como instrumento fundamental de estudio. Las variables examinadas son el género y el nivel escolar según la edad del estudiantado, dando como resultado, por un lado, que las estudiantes de género femenino y quienes cursan de 1º a 4º año básico tienden a representar socialmente al estudiantado haitiano de modo positivo y, por otro lado, que los estudiantes de género masculino y quienes cursan de 5º a 8º año básico tienden a generar representaciones prejuiciosas y desestimadas de las y los migrantes.


Abstract (analytical) This research begins with the following question: How do Chilean school children in a public primary school in Santiago represent their Haitian migrant classmates? A quantitative approach was with a survey selected as the main data collection tool. The variables included gender and year level. The results show that female students and those aged between 6 and 9 tend to socially represent Haitian students in an evaluative manner while male students and those aged between 10 and 15 tend to generate prejudiced and dismissive representations of migrants.


Resumo (analítico) O artigo parte da seguinte pergunta: Como os escolares chilenos do ensino básico de uma escola pública de Santiago representam seus companheiros migrantes haitianos? É utilizada uma abordagem quantitativa que utiliza a pesquisa como um instrumento de estudo fundamental. As variáveis examinadas são gênero e nível escolar de acordo com a idade do corpo discente, resultando, por um lado, que estudantes do sexo feminino e entre 6 e 9 anos tendem a representar socialmente os alunos haitianos de forma avaliativa e, por outro lado, que estudantes do sexo masculino e entre 10 e 15 anos tendem a gerar representações preconceituosas e subestimadas dos migrantes.


Subject(s)
Students , Transients and Migrants , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education , Education, Primary and Secondary , Gender Identity
18.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(1): 6-13, 04-abr-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378890

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el personal de enfermería tiene una participación fundamental en el manejo de los residuos peligrosos biológico-infecciosos (RPBI) durante la atención en salud, situación que hace indispensable el conocimiento respecto a la peligrosidad y riesgo en el manejo de estos residuos. Objetivo: evaluar el impacto de una intervención educativa acerca del conocimiento y manejo de RPBI, en el personal de enfermería de un hospital general regional. Metodología: estudio cuasi experimental, pretest/postest, prospectivo y longitudinal. Se realizó una intervención educativa, y antes y después de esta se aplicó un cuestionario para evaluar conocimientos relacionados con RPBI y una lista de cotejo del Modelo Institucional para la Prevención de Infecciones Nosocomiales (MIPRIN) para evaluar el manejo de RPBI. Resultados: la intervención educativa demostró un efecto positivo en los conocimientos del personal de enfermería en relación con el manejo de RPBI. En la evaluación pretest se obtuvo un porcentaje de conocimientos de 65.2% y en la postest fue de 78.3% (p < 0.001). Respecto al cumplimiento en el manejo de RPBI, hubo un incremento; sin embargo, no se puede atribuir a la intervención, puesto que se evaluó por servicio y no de manera directa con los participantes. Conclusión: la intervención educativa mostró cambios significativos en los conocimientos y el manejo de RPBI del personal de enfermería.


Introduction: Nursing staff represent an important percentage in the management of biological hazardous waste (BHW) during health care, a situation that makes this knowledge essential regarding the danger and risk in handling these wastes. Objective: To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention about the knowledge and management of BHW in the nursing staff of a regional general hospital. Methods: quasi-experimental, pre-test/post-test, prospective and longitudinal study. An educational intervention was carried out; before and after this intervention, a questionnaire was administered to evaluate knowledge related to BHW and a checklist of the Institutional Model for the Prevention of Nosocomial Infections (MIPRIN, according to its initials in Spanish) to evaluate the management of BHW. Results: The educational intervention showed a positive effect in the nursing staff's knowledge in relation to BHW. In the pre-test evaluation a knowledge percentage of 65.2% was obtained and in the post-test evaluation it was 78.3% (p < 0.001). Regarding compliance in the management of BHW there was an increase; however, it cannot be attributed to the intervention, since it was evaluated by service and not directly with the participants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biological Products/administration & dosage , Hazardous Waste/prevention & control , Waste Management/statistics & numerical data , Nursing Staff/education , Surveys and Questionnaires , Longitudinal Studies
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 220-243, March-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364966

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Bladder and urinary sphincter malfunctioning that results from some change in the central and/or peripheral nervous system is defined as neurogenic bladder. The urinary tract symptoms that can be related to its filling, emptying, or both have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals. The present review was based on the document prepared for the public health system in Brazil as a treatment guidelines proposal. Material and Methods: Survey questions were structured as per PICO (Population, Intervention, Control, and Outcome). Search strategies were defined and performed in the MEDLINE/Pubmed, Embase, Epistemonikos and Google Scholar databases. The selection of articles followed the evidence hierarchy concept; evidence body was identified, and the quantitative study data were extracted. The quality of evidence and grade of recommendation were qualitatively assessed according to GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations). Results: A total of 2.707 articles were identified, with 49 of them being selected to compose the basis for this review. Neurogenic bladder treatments were classified according to their focus on filling or emptying symptoms and sub- classified in pharmacological and surgical treatments. Conclusion: Treatment guidelines are important tools for the public health system to promote the best practice when treating neurogenic bladder patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Tract , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy , Quality of Life , Urinary Bladder , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 316-325, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364940

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common syndrome associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially urinary incontinence in children, which may affect the patient's quality of life (QoL). Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to be associated with OAB syndrome. This study evaluated the relationship between vitamin D status and OAB-related symptoms and QoL in children. Materials and Methods: The study included 52 pediatric patients with OAB-related urinary incontinence and 41 healthy children. LUTS were assessed using the Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Symptoms Score (DVISS) questionnaire, and QoL was assessed using the Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PINQ). Oral vitamin D supplementation was given to patients with OAB with vitamin D deficiency. Urinary symptoms and QoL were evaluated before and after vitamin D supplementation. Results: Vitamin D deficiency was more common in the OAB group (75%) than in the control group (36.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that vitamin D status (<20ng/mL) was a significant predictor of OAB. Both pre-treatment and post-treatment DVISS and PINQ scores showed a positive correlation. After vitamin D supplementation, 8 (23.5%) patients had a complete response and 19 (55.9%) patients had a partial response. Significant improvement in QoL was also achieved. Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency is more common in children with urinary incontinence and OAB than in healthy children. Although vitamin D deficiency is not routinely evaluated for every patient, it should be evaluated in treatment-resistant OAB cases. Vitamin D supplementation may improve urinary symptoms and QoL in patients with OAB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Urinary Incontinence/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/etiology , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires
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