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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226351, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355010

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to assess the reporting characteristics of systematic review abstracts published in the proceedings of the Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO) meeting. Methods: We selected abstracts published in the SBPqO meeting proceedings of 2019 and 2020, mentioning that a systematic review was conducted in the title, objective or methods sections. One researcher performed the screening and the data extraction after a pilot test training. The following data were extracted: affiliation of the primary author, dental specialization, the term "systematic review" mentioned in the title, reporting of the objective, reporting of eligibility criteria, reporting of information sources, reporting of the number of included studies and if a meta-analysis was performed. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed with data summarized as frequencies. Results: We included 235 abstracts. A total of 20 studies were from the Universidade de Uberlândia (8.5%), and the main specialization was Restorative and Esthetic Dentistry, with 47 studies (20%). Most of the studies mentioned the term "systematic review" in the title (n=219; 93.2%) and reported the objective (n=231; 98.3%). A great majority of studies did not report the eligibility criteria (n=97; 41.3%) or it was classified as unclear (n=96; 40.8%). The great majority of studies only reported the databases searched (n=103; 43.8%) or databases and date of search (n=74; 31.5%). Most of the studies reported the number of included studies (n=204; 86.8%). Conclusion: Based on this study, the reporting characteristics of systematic review abstracts published in the proceedings of the SBPqO meeting are satisfactory. However, there is room for improvement


Subject(s)
Congresses as Topic , Dental Research/statistics & numerical data , Abstracting and Indexing , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
2.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; (Sept- Edicion especial): 22-30, 26 septiembre 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1397731

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio es demostrar de forma retrospectiva que el uso de aromaterapia tendría un efecto significativamente mayor en la reducción de la ansiedad por temor a la soledad en comparación con la meditación. Metodología: El estudio actual corresponde a una revisión sistemática rápida de tipo descriptiva. Resultados: Se realizaron dos sintaxis, una para Aromaterapia y una para Meditación. A través de criterios de inclusión y exclusión se seleccionaron 10 artículos para análisis profundo, de los cuales 8 corresponden a Aromaterapia y 2 a Meditación, obteniéndose resultados significativos por parte de la aromaterapia para la reducción de la ansiedad en personas mayores. Conclusión: A través de la evidencia científica, se recomienda la terapia complementaria de aromaterapia por sobre la meditación en personas adultas mayores para la reducción de ansiedad por temor a la soledad, siempre y cuando la soledad como tal aún no esté presente como problemática[AU]


The aim of this study is to retrospectively demonstrate that aromatherapy has a significantly greater effect in reducing anxiety due to fear of loneliness compared to meditation. Methodology: The current study is a rapid descriptive systematic review. Results: Two syntaxes were performed for this study, one for aromatherapy and one for meditation. Through the exclusion criteria 10 articles were selected for depth analysis, which 8 correspond to aromatherapy and 2 for meditation, obtaining significant results from aromatherapy because of its reduction of anxiety in older people. Conclusion: Through scientific evidence, aromatherapy is recommended over meditation to reduce anxiety due to fear of loneliness as long as the loneliness is not a problem itself yet[AU]


O objectivo deste estudo é demonstrar retrospectivamente que o uso da aromaterapia teria um efeito significativamente maior na redução da ansiedade devido ao medo da solidão em comparação com a meditação. Metodologia: O estudo actual corresponde a uma rápida revisão sistemática descritiva. Resultados: Foram realizadas duas sintaxes, uma para Aromaterapia e outra para Meditação. Através de critérios de inclusão e exclusão, foram seleccionados 10 artigos para análise aprofundada, dos quais 8 correspondem à Aromaterapia e 2 à Meditação, obtendo resultados significativos para a aromaterapia para a redução da ansiedade nas pessoas idosas. Conclusão: Através de provas científicas, a terapia complementar da aromaterapia é recomendada sobre a meditação em adultos idosos para a redução da ansiedade devido ao medo da solidão, desde que a solidão enquanto tal ainda não esteja presente como um problema[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety , Aged , Meditation , Aromatherapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Loneliness , Fear
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 486-498, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377388

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The legacies of colonization and of policies of forced assimilation continue to be a cause of intergenerational trauma, manifested through feelings of marginality, depression, anxiety and confusion, which place indigenous peoples at increased risk of suicide. OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality, content, delivery and effectiveness of interventions for preventing suicides among indigenous adolescents. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review conducted with Cochrane methodology, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: The Cochrane library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS and PsycINFO databases were searched for studies published up to February 2021. The following inclusion criteria were used: published in any language; interventions that aimed to prevent suicides among indigenous adolescents; randomized or non-randomized study with a control or comparative group; and validated measurements of mental health problems. RESULTS: Two studies were identified: one on adolescents in the remote Yup'ik community in south-western Alaska, and the other on Zuni adolescents in New Mexico. Both studies showed evidence of effectiveness in interventions for reducing some of the risk factors and increasing some of the protective factors associated with suicide. High levels of community engagement and culture-centeredness were key anchors of both studies, which ensured that the intervention content, delivery and outcome measurements aligned with the beliefs and practices of the communities. Both studies were judged to have a moderate risk of bias, with biases in sample selection, attrition and inadequate reporting of results. CONCLUSIONS: The current evidence base is small but signaled the value of culturally appropriate interventions for prevention of suicide among indigenous adolescents. REGISTRATION DETAILS: The study protocol is registered in the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO); no. CRD42019141754.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Suicide/prevention & control , Mental Health , Anxiety Disorders , Brazil , Systematic Reviews as Topic
4.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(2): 61-71, abr-jun. 2022. tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369116

ABSTRACT

Contextualização: A pandemia do novo coronavírus é uma das maiores preocupações da sociedade atualmente. O elevado número de mortes associadas ao vírus levou à busca urgente de estratégias terapêuticas eficazes na luta contra a doença. Objetivos: Avaliar a efetividade das intervenções terapêuticas para COVID-19, segundo as revisões sistemáticas da Colaboração Cochrane. Métodos: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca na Cochrane Library (2022), sendo utilizado o termo MeSH "COVID-19". Todos os estudos relacionados ao tratamento da COVID-19 foram incluídos. O desfecho primário de análise foi a melhora clínica. Resultados: Nove estudos foram incluídos, totalizando 75 ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECRs) (n = 72.859 participantes). Remdesivir, cloroquina/ hidroxicloroquina, ivermectina e colchicina não reduziram a mortalidade. Corticosteroide sistêmico reduziu discretamente a mortalidade de pacientes internados e diminuiu o número de dias de ventilação mecânica. Tocilizumabe reduziu discretamente a mortalidade até o 28o dia. Não há evidência de benefício de uso de vitamina D, azitromicina e anticorpos monoclonais. Discussão: Embora haja boa evidência para algumas intervenções, a maioria carece de estudos de melhor qualidade. No caso da cloroquina/hidroxicloroquina a evidência é fortemente desfavorável ao uso e suficiente para desencorajar novos estudos. Sugere-se a realização de novos ECRs de qualidade para intervenções cuja efetividade é ainda incerta, seguindo-se as recomendações do CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) Statement para melhor elucidação da questão. Conclusão: Não há suporte com bom nível de evidência atualmente para a maioria das intervenções para COVID-19, à luz das revisões sistemáticas da Cochrane.


Subject(s)
Humans , Evidence-Based Practice , Systematic Reviews as Topic , COVID-19/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
5.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(2): 77-83, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1378671

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el impacto de la resistencia antimicrobiana (RAM) generará un aumento de las muertes relacionadas de 10 millones anuales hacia 2050. El 70% de la dispensación de antimicrobianos (ATB) se utiliza en la agroveterinaria y no en salud humana. Es fundamental conocer la portación de RAM en trabajadores de cría de animales y en los animales, para acciones tempranas de salud pública. Métodos: bajo metodología PRISMA se realizó la búsqueda bibliográfica en distintas fuentes disponibles hasta octubre de 2020. Se priorizaron revisiones sistemáticas, metanálisis, ensayos clínicos y estudios observacionales para determinar la RAM en trabajadores de cría de cerdos. De 990 artículos identificados se incluyeron 8 estudios. Resultados: la tasa de colonización por Staphylococcus aureus resistente a la meticilina (SAMR) en trabajadores fue mayor que la de la población general. La prevalencia de SAMR fue significativamente mayor en trabajadores en contacto directo con animales y los de granjas de cría intensiva con respecto a los de extensiva. En cerdos, la prevalencia de RAM en cría intensiva fue significativamente mayor que la de los de cría extensiva. También fue significativa la asociación entre el suministro de antibióticos en la cría intensiva y la presencia de RAM. Las granjas de más de 1250 cerdos presentaron mayor prevalencia de RAM (p < 0,001). El fenotipo de SAMR en cerdos, trabajadores y el ambiente fue el mismo. Conclusiones: existe evidencia de asociación entre la producción agrícola de cría intensiva y la RAM en cerdos y trabajadores. No se encontraron estudios de vigilancia epidemiológica en la Argentina en trabajadores de cría de animales. (AU)


Introduction: it is estimated that the impact of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) will generate an increase of 10 million deaths by 2050, being reflected to a greater extent in low-income countries. 70% of the annual use of antimicrobials is concentrated in agroveterinary but not in human health. Considering the presence of AMR in ranchers and agricultural workers is essential for early public health actions. Methods: using the PRISMA methodology, bibliography was searched in different sources until October 2020. Systematic reviews, meta-analyses, clinical trials and observational studies were prioritized to determine AMR in pig workers. Eight studies of the 990 found have been included. Results: the rate of colonization by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in farming workers was higher than the general population. MRSA prevalence was significantly higher in workers who reported direct contact with animals. And also in those workers of intensive farms compared to those of extensive farms. The same situation is observed in swines, in which the prevalence of AMR in intensive farming was significantly higher than in extensive farming. The association between the supply of antibiotics in intensive farming workers and the presence of AMR was also significant. Farms with more than 1,250 swines had a higher prevalence of AMR (p<0.001). The MRSA phenotype found in swine, agricultural workers, and the environment was the same. Conclusions: there is scientific evidence of an association between agricultural production in intensive livestock farming and AMR in swine and farming workers. There aren't Argentine studies of epidemiological surveillance in farming workers. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Farmers/statistics & numerical data , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Swine , Public Health , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Observational Studies as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage
6.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022301, 06 abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363562

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is a sound perception not related to stimulation. It can significantly impair the quality of life and its treatment is considered one significant challenge of Medicine. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systematic reviews developed by Cochrane regarding therapeutic interventions for subjective tinnitus. METHODS: It is an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews. We searched systematic reviews on Cochrane Library. The MeSH term "tinnitus" was used for searches. Inclusion criteria involved therapeutic interventions for patients with subjective tinnitus. RESULTS: The search strategy recovered 577 citations with 14 Cochrane systematic reviews. 13 were included because they were focusing on primary tinnitus interventions. One review had no scope of analysis for tinnitus and it was excluded. 7,998 tinnitus patients were evaluated. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of evidence of the effectiveness of any intervention for tinnitus treatment, considering the studies performed so far and compiled in Cochrane systematic reviews.


INTRODUÇÃO: O zumbido é a sensação do som sem que haja estimulação ambiental. Pode prejudicar significativamente a qualidade de vida e seu tratamento é considerado um grande desafio da Medicina. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as revisões sistemáticas desenvolvidas pela Cochrane, no que concerne às intervenções terapêuticas para o zumbido subjetivo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca por revisões sistemáticas na Cochrane Library. Foi utilizado o termo DeCS "zumbido". Os critérios de inclusão envolveram intervenções terapêuticas para pacientes com zumbido subjetivo. RESULTADOS: A estratégia de busca recuperou 577 citações e, destas, 14 revisões sistemáticas Cochrane, sendo que 13 enfocavam intervenções primárias para zumbido, sendo estas incluídas neste estudo. Uma revisão não tinha escopo de análise para zumbido e foi excluída. Foram avaliados 7.998 portadores de zumbido. CONCLUSÃO: Há carência de evidência de efetividade de qualquer intervenção, medicamentosa ou não, para tratamento do zumbido, considerando os estudos realizados até o momento e compilados em revisões sistemáticas Cochrane.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Tinnitus/therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Systematic Reviews as Topic
7.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(2): 225-234, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385066

ABSTRACT

Introduction The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a novel infection which has spread rapidly across the globe and currently presents a grave threat to the health of the cancer patient. Objective The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the proportion of hematological cancer patients with the SARS-CoV-2 infection during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method A comprehensive literature review was performed on PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EKB SciELO, SID, CNKI and Wanfang databases to retrieve all relevant publications up to January 31, 2021. Observational studies, consecutive case-series and case-control studies were included. The proportion for hematological cancer patients with COVID-19 was estimated using the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (95% CIs). Results Fourteen studies with a total of 3,770 infected cancer patients and 685 hematological cancer cases with COVID-19 were selected. Combined data revealed that the overall proportion of hematological cancer patients with COVID-19 was 16.5% (95% CI 0.130 - 0.208, p ≤ 0.001). The stratified analysis by ethnicity showed that the proportion was 18.8% and 12.4% in Caucasian and Asian hematological cancer patients with COVID-19, respectively. Moreover, subgroup analysis by country of origin showed that its proportion was the highest in the United Kingdom (22.5%), followed by France (17.1%) and China (8.2%). Conclusion This meta-analysis result indicated that the proportion of hematological cancer patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection during the COVID-19 pandemic was 16.5%. Further larger sample sizes and multicenter studies among different ethnic groups are necessary to get a better assessment of the proportion.


Subject(s)
Hematologic Neoplasms , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Infections
8.
Medwave ; 22(2): e8695, mar.2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366392

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCION La enfermedad de Ménière es una anomalía del oído interno de etiología multifactorial, caracterizada por episodios de vértigo espontáneo y recurrente, hipoacusia fluctuante y tinnitus. La terapia con gentamicina intratimpánica para la enfermedad de Ménière ha sido utilizada buscando reducir la intensidad y frecuencia de las crisis, pero se ha asociado a pérdida auditiva, por lo que existe controversia respecto a su eficacia y seguridad. MÉTODOS Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES Identificamos 13 revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron 80 estudios primarios, de los cuales tres corresponden a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que la gentamicina intratimpánica podría reducir el control del vértigo y resultar en poca o nula diferencia sobre el tinnitus, pero la certeza de evidencia es baja. Además, no es posible establecer con claridad si el uso de gentamicina intratimpánica disminuye la audición o la frecuencia de los ataques de vértigo porque la certeza de la evidencia existente ha sido evaluada como muy baja.


INTRODUCTION Ménière's disease is a multifactorial disorder affecting the inner ear, characterized by episodes of spontaneous and recurrent vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss and tinnitus. Intratympanic gentamicin therapy has been used to reduce the intensity and frequency of attacks in intractable Ménière's disease, but it is associated with hearing loss. There is controversy regarding its efficacy and safety. METHODS We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS We identified 13 systematic reviews that included 80 primary studies overall, of which three correspond to randomized trials. We concluded that intratympanic gentamicin may improve the control of vertigo, and result in little or no difference to tinnitus, but the certainty of the evidence is low. Furthermore, we are uncertain whether intratympanic gentamicin reduces hearing or the frequency of vertigo attacks as the certainty of the evidence has been assessed as very low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tinnitus/etiology , Tinnitus/drug therapy , Meniere Disease/drug therapy , Gentamicins/therapeutic use , Vertigo/etiology , Vertigo/drug therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
10.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 320-327, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366049

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Congenital vascular anomalies and hemangiomas (CVAH) such as infantile hemangiomas, port-wine stains and brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) impair patients' lives and may require treatment if complications occur. However, a great variety of treatments for those conditions exist and the best interventions remain under discussion. OBJECTIVE: To summarize Cochrane systematic review (SR) evidence on treatments for CVAH. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of SRs conducted in the Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery of Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A broad search was conducted on March 9, 2021, in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to retrieve any Cochrane SRs that assessed treatments for CVAH. The key characteristics and results of all SRs included were summarized and discussed. RESULTS: A total of three SRs fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were presented as a qualitative synthesis. One SR reported a significant clinical reduction of skin redness by at least 20%, with more pain, among 103 participants with port-wine stains. One SR reported that propranolol improved the likelihood of clearance 13 to 16-fold among 312 children with hemangiomas. One SR reported that the relative risk of death or dependence was 2.53 times greater in the intervention arm than with conservative management, among 218 participants with brain AVMs. CONCLUSION: Cochrane reviews suggest that treatment of port-wine stains with pulsed-dye laser improves redness; propranolol remains the best option for infantile hemangiomas; and conservative management seems to be superior to surgical intervention for treating brain AVMs.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Malformations/therapy , Port-Wine Stain/surgery , Hemangioma/therapy , Brazil , Systematic Reviews as Topic
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(1): 75-88, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360077

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article will address the main aspects of skin manifestations associated with COVID-19, based on a review of the literature published to date. Since the beginning of the pandemic, more than 1,500 articles have been published on the subject. Regarding the pathophysiology, it is believed that the same mechanisms responsible for the disease in the main target organs also act in the skin, although they are not yet fully elucidated. The actual frequency of dermatological manifestations remains uncertain - it can range from 0.2% to 45%, being close to 6% in systematic reviews. Pioneering studies of large case series conducted in European countries and the USA provide the first information on the main skin manifestations associated with COVID-19 and propose classifications regarding their clinical presentation, pathophysiology, as well as their frequencies. Although there is yet no consensus, maculopapular eruptions are considered the most frequent presentations, followed by erythema pernio-like (EPL) lesions. Manifestations such as urticaria, vesicular conditions and livedo/purpura/necrosis are rare. The time of onset, severity, need for specific treatment and prognosis vary according to the clinical presentation pattern. The increasing histopathological description of skin conditions can contribute to the diagnosis, as well as to the understanding of the pathophysiology. Also, in the dermatological field, the relationship between COVID-19 and androgens has been increasingly studied. Despite all the generated knowledge, the actual biological meaning of skin manifestations remains uncertain. Therefore, the exclusion of the main differential diagnoses is essential for the correlation between skin manifestation and COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/etiology , COVID-19 , Pandemics , Systematic Reviews as Topic , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 416-426, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939902

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a rapidly spreading disease that has caused an extensive burden to the world. Consequently, a large number of clinical trials have examined the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating and preventing COVID-19, with coinciding proliferation of reviews summarizing these studies.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the methodological quality and evidence quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the efficacy of TCM.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#Seven electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP, Wanfang Data and SinoMed, were searched for systematic reviews and meta-analyses in October 2021. Search terms such as "Chinese medicine," "Lianhua Qingwen" and "COVID-19" were used.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the efficacy of TCM treatment of COVID-19 were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews Version 2.0 (AMSTAR 2) was used to evaluate the methodological quality. The quality of evidence was graded using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Data extraction and analysis were performed by two reviewers independently.@*RESULTS@#There were 17 meta-analyses included in our overview. The intervention group was defined as TCM combined with Western medicine, while the control group was Western medicine alone. The methodological quality of all the included studies was moderate to poor. A total of 89 outcome indicators were evaluated, of which, 8 were rated as moderate quality, 39 as low quality, and 41 as very low quality. Only one outcome measure was graded as being of high quality. The moderate quality of evidence indicated that, for the treatment of COVID-19, the clinical efficacy of TCM in combination with Western medicine was better, in terms of lung recovery, rate of conversion to severe/critical cases, symptom scores, duration of symptoms, mortality, and length of hospital stay.@*CONCLUSION@#Evidence from the included studies shows that, compared with conventional Western medical therapy alone, the addition of TCM to COVID-19 treatment may improve clinical outcomes. Overall, the quality of evidence of TCM for COVID-19 was moderate to poor. Meta-analyses of the use of TCM in the treatment of COVID-19 can be used for clinical decision making by accounting for the experiences of clinical experts, medical policies, and other factors.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 98-104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935356

ABSTRACT

This paper summaries the Risk of Bias in Non-randomized Studies-of Environmental Exposure (ROBINS-E), a tool for evaluating risk of bias about non-randomized studies of exposures (NRSE), and introduces the application of ROBINS-E in a published NRSE. According to the characteristics of NRSE, evaluation fields and signaling questions were designed in ROBINS-E to provide essential information about risk of bias for NRSE included in systematic reviews and GRADE. ROBINS-E is the tool in assessment of risk of bias in observational studies and quasi-randomized studies. Although the tool has been used in practice to some extent, but it still needs further improvement. Attention should be paid to its update and progress.


Subject(s)
Bias , Environmental Exposure , Humans , Systematic Reviews as Topic
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928030

ABSTRACT

At present, there have been many clinical trials and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis proving the good clinical efficacy of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules in the treatment of respiratory diseases, while comprehensive discussion is still required. This article overviews and analyzes the systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules to provide evidence support for clinical practice. The systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules were searched from CBM, Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library. The AMSTAR 2 scale and GRADE system were respectively employed for the evaluation of methodological quality and the grading of evidence quality. Finally, 8 systematic reviews/Meta-analysis published during 2018-2021 were included for analysis. The diseases involved include acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community-acquired pneumonia, acute tonsillitis, acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis and acute upper respiratory tract infection. The number of included RCTs studies ranged from 8 to 25. The results showed that Shufeng Jiedu Capsules combined with western medicine routine had better therapeutic effect than the latter alone in the treatment of the above five diseases. The reported adverse reactions caused by Shufeng Jiedu Capsules were mainly gastrointestinal discomforts such as mild nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting, with low incidence and mild symptoms, which can be relieved by drug withdrawal. The methodological quality of the included studies was extremely low, and the outcome indicators were mainly of low and very low grades. The efficacy and safety of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules in the clinical treatment of diseases still need to be verified based on more high-quality studies. The relevant clinical research and systematic review/Meta-analysis should pay more attention to methodological quality and reporting standards and strengthen the scientificity of research.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To overview the methodological quality, report quality and evidence quality of the systematic review (SR) of acupuncture for vascular cognitive impairment ( VCI ).@*METHODS@#The SRs regarding acupuncture for VCI were searched in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang and VIP databases. The retrieval period was from the establishment of the database to September 24, 2020. The report quality, methodological quality and evidence quality of the included SRs were evaluated by PRISMA statement, the AMSTAR 2 tool and the GRADE system.@*RESULTS@#A total of 22 SRs were included, including 102 outcome indexes. The methodological quality was generally low, with low scores on items 2, 5, 7, 10, 14, 15 and 16. The report quality was good, with scores ranging from 19 points to 24.5 points. The problems of report quality were mainly reflected in the aspects of structural abstract, program and registration, other analysis and funding sources. The level of outcome indexes of SRs was mostly low or very low, and the main leading factor was limitation, followed by inconsistency and inaccuracy.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for VCI is supported by low quality evidence of evidence-based medicine, but the methodological quality and evidence body quality of relevant SRs are poor, and the standardization is needed to be improved.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Databases, Factual , Humans , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorders. Dissatisfaction with medications prescribed to treat FC may lead patients to seek alternative treatments. Numerous systematic reviews (SRs) examining the use of acupuncture to treat FC have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been fully evaluated.@*OBJECTIVE@#In this overview, we evaluated and summarized clinical evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating FC and evaluated the quality and bias of the SRs we reviewed.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy was structured by medical subject headings and search terms such as "acupuncture therapy" and "functional constipation." Electronic searches were conducted in eight databases from their inception to September 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs that investigated the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing FC were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted information and appraised the methodology, reporting accuracy, quality of evidence, and risk of bias using the following critical appraisal tools: (1) A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2); (2) Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS); (3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A); and (4) the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). A κ index was used to score the level of agreement between the 2 reviewers.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen SRs that examined the clinical utility of acupuncture for treating FC were identified. Using the AMSTAR 2 tool, we rated 92.3% (12/13) of the SRs as "critically low" confidence and one study as "low" confidence. Using the ROBIS criteria, 38.5% (5/13) of the SRs were considered to have "low risk" of bias. Based on PRISMA-A, 76.9% (10/13) of the SRs had over 70% compliance with reporting standards. The inter-rater agreement was good for AMSTAR 2, ROBIS, and PRISMA-A. Using the GRADE tool, we classified 22.5% (9/40) of the measured outcomes as "moderate" quality, 57.5% (23/40) as "low" quality, and 20.0% (8/40) as "very low" quality. The inter-rater agreement was moderate when using GRADE. Descriptive analyses indicated that acupuncture was more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) and for raising the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) score. Acupuncture appeared to be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving weekly spontaneous bowel movements, the total effective rate, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Although ten SRs mentioned the occurrence of adverse events, serious adverse events were not associated with acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture may be more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving CSBMs and BSFS scores and may be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving bowel movement frequency, as well as quality of life. Limitations to current studies and inconsistent evidence suggest a need for more rigorous and methodologically sound SRs to draw definitive conclusions.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO CRD42020189173.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
17.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 189 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380163

ABSTRACT

A fibrilação atrial (FA) não valvar é a arritmia cardíaca mais comum em adultos, principalmente na população idosa. Para o tratamento da FA, recomenda-se a utilização de guias de prática clínica (GPCs), que são documentos que apresentam as melhores e mais atualizadas evidências para o tratamento dos pacientes acometidos por essa arritmia. Todavia, o processo de desenvolvimento dos GPCs requer recursos humanos, financeiros e tempo. Assim, a adaptação dos referidos documentos é uma opção para reduzir a duplicação de esforços e possibilitar sua adequação para uso local. O objetivo deste trabalho foi elaborar uma matriz de recomendações farmacológicas para subsidiar o processo de adaptação de GPCs utilizados no tratamento da fibrilação atrial não valvar. Para tanto, aplicou-se o método ADAPTE: revisão sistematizada de GPCs, avaliação e seleção dos GPCs de qualidade e elaboração da matriz. Foram considerados elegíveis 26 GPCs com recomendações farmacológicas para assistência primária da fibrilação atrial não valvar em adultos, publicados em inglês, espanhol ou português no período de abril de 2014 a abril de 2019 e indexados às bases de referência: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library e em 12 bases de dados específicas. A qualidade dos GPCs, foi avaliada pela aplicação do instrumento Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluarion II (AGREE II), sendo considerados de alta qualidade aqueles que apresentaram nota igual ou superior a 60 % no domínio Rigor de desenvolvimento. Todas as etapas foram realizadas por, pelo menos, 2 avaliadores e em caso de discrepância, um terceiro avaliador participou do processo. Dos 26 GPCs avaliados apenas 7 (26,9%) foram considerados de alta qualidade. A maioria dos GPCs utiliza o escore CHA2DS2-VASc, que indica a profilaxia tromboembólica em pacientes com FA não valvar a partir da pontuação 1 (fator de risco não sexual) e sugere a anticoagulação com anticoagulantes de ação direta. Houve pouca ênfase à complexidade da profilaxia de eventos tromboembólicos em idosos. Esta matriz visa contribuir para que sejam realizadas discussões e adaptações de GPCs destinado ao tratamento da FA não valvar com ênfase nas demandas e necessidades locais


Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in adults, especially in the elderly population. For the treatment of AF, the use of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is recommended, which are documents that present the best and most up-to-date evidence for the treatment of patients who are affected by this arrhythmia. However, the CPGs development process requires human, financial and time resources. However, the adaptation of documents is an option to reduce the duplication of efforts and make it possible to adapt them for any local use. The objective of this work was to elaborate a matrix of pharmacological treatment to support the process of adaptation of CPGs used in the treatment of non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Therefore, the ADAPTE method was applied: systematic review of CPGs, evaluation and selection of quality CPGs and matrix definition. Twenty-six CPGs were considered eligible with pharmacological recommendations for primary care of non-valvular atrial fibrillation valid in adults, published in English, Spanish or Portuguese from April 2014 to April 2019 and indexed to the following reference databases: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library and in 12 specific databases. The quality of the CPGs was assessed by applying the Assessment of Guidelines for Research and Assessment II (AGREE II) instrument, being considered of high those who had a grade equal to or greater than 60% in the domain Rigour of development. All steps were performed by a least 2 evaluators and in case of discrepancy, a third evaluator participated in the process. Of the 26 CPGs evaluated, only 7 (26.9%) were considered to be of high quality. Most CPGs use the CHA2DS2-VASc score, which indicates thromboembolic prophylaxis in patients with non-valvular AF from score 1 (non-sexual risk factor), and suggest anticoagulation with direct-acting anticoagulants. There was little emphasis on the complexity of prophylaxis for thromboembolic events in the elderly. This matrix aims to contribute to discussion and adaptations of CPGs for the treatment of non-valvar AF with the emphasis on local demands and needs


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Evidence-Based Medicine/classification , Disease Prevention , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Patients/classification , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , World Health Organization , Risk Factors , MEDLINE , Total Quality Management/classification , Health Services Needs and Demand/classification , Libraries/classification
18.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 39: e0186, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360906

ABSTRACT

Ao fazer uso da técnica de revisão sistemática, este trabalho apresenta dois objetivos. Em primeiro lugar, procurou-se identificar por meio da literatura especializada diferentes formas de classificação da orientação sexual no âmbito do mercado de trabalho. Tendo em vista o segundo objetivo, analisou-se o mercado de trabalho como um canal que gera distribuição desigual de renda mediante mecanismos discriminatórios a partir dos diferenciais de rendimentos com base na orientação sexual. A fonte de dados utilizada foi a plataforma Periódicos Capes. Entre os resultados, quatro formas de identificação da orientação sexual foram observadas, tendo as uniões consensuais (coabitação) o maior número de estudos, seguidas da autodeclaração, comportamento e militância. Adicionalmente, pode-se destacar a penalidade salarial sofrida por homens gays vis-à-vis as suas contrapartes sexuais, prêmio salarial para lésbicas, com relação às mulheres heterossexuais, e desvantagens dos homossexuais na inserção do mercado de trabalho em simulações na taxa de convite para entrevista, revelando, assim, indícios de discriminação logo na etapa inicial de contratação. Finalmente, é ressaltado que, mesmo na presença de legislações que protejam minorias sexuais, até em países mais liberais e tolerantes, o ambiente profissional não está completamente alinhado à produtividade do trabalhador.


By using the systematic review technique, this work has two objectives. First, we tried to identify different forms of classification of sexual orientation in the labor market. For our second objective, the labor market was analyzed as a channel that generates unequal income distribution through discriminatory mechanisms based on income differentials based on sexual orientation. The data source used was the Periódicos Capes. Among the results, four forms of identification of sexual orientation were observed, with consensual unions (cohabitation) having the largest number of studies followed by self-declaration, behavior and activism. Additionally, results show a salary penalty suffered by gay men compared to their sexual counterparts, a salary premium for lesbians in relation to heterosexual women and disadvantages for homosexuals in labor market insertion. Simulations in the rate of interviews reveal signs of discrimination right at the initial hiring stage. Finally, it is emphasized that even with legislation protecting sexual minorities, and in more liberal and tolerant countries, the professional environment is not completely aligned with worker productivity.


Al utilizar la técnica de revisión sistemática, este trabajo tiene dos objetivos. En primer lugar, intentamos identificar diferentes formas de clasificación de la orientación sexual dentro del mercado laboral. Luego, en vistas al segundo objetivo, se analizó el mercado laboral como un canal que genera una distribución desigual del ingreso a través de mecanismos discriminatorios basados en diferenciales de ingresos por orientación sexual. La fuente de datos utilizada fue Periódicos Capes. Entre los resultados, se observaron cuatro formas de identificación de la orientación sexual, entre las que las uniones consensuales significan el mayor número de estudios, seguidas de autodeclaración, conducta y activismo. Se puede destacar la penalización salarial que sufren los hombres gays frente a sus homólogos heterosexuales, la prima salarial para las lesbianas en relación con las mujeres heterosexuales y las desventajas de los homosexuales en la inserción laboral en simulaciones en la tasa de convocatoria para entrevista laboral, lo que revela pistas de discriminación en la etapa inicial de contratación. Se enfatiza que, incluso en presencia de una legislación que protege a las minorías sexuales, en países más liberales y tolerantes, el entorno profesional no está completamente alineado con la productividad del trabajador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sexual Behavior , Job Market , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Demography , Social Capital , Gender Inequality , Systematic Review
19.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 25(1): e002065, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1367549

ABSTRACT

La depresión es un trastorno del estado de ánimo que se caracteriza por la existencia de un sentimiento de tristeza lo suficientemente intenso como para interferir en el desarrollo de las actividades habituales. A partir de un caso clínico real, en el que una paciente con depresión solicita a su médico de cabecera sumar un suplemento de vitaminas a su plan terapéutico, revisamos la evidencia disponible sobre el uso de estos micronutrientes para el tratamiento de la depresión, y encontramos que no existen pruebas robustas que avalen la suplementación vitamínica en pacientes con este problema de salud. (AU)


Depression is a mood disorder characterised by the existence of a feeling of sadness intense enough to interfere with the performance of normal activities. Based on a real clinical case, in which a patient with depression asked her family doctor to add a vitamin supplement to her therapeutic plan, we reviewed the available evidence on the use of these micronutrients for the treatment of depression and found that there is no robust evidence to support vitamin supplementation in patients with this health problem. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin B Complex/therapeutic use , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Dietary Supplements , Depression/drug therapy , Folic Acid/therapeutic use , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
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