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1.
Actual. osteol ; 19(2): 160-166, sept. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1525671

ABSTRACT

Introducción: describir el caso de un paciente con pancreatitis aguda secundaria a hipercalcemia por hiperparatiroidismo prImario. Esta es una causa poco frecuente de pancreatitis, asociada a morbimortalidad significativa en caso de no ser diagnosticada oportunamente Caso clínico: un hombre de 44 años, con antecedente de pancreatitis de presunto origen biliar que había requerido previamente colecistectomía, consultó por dolor abdominal y náuseas. Los estudios complementarios fueron compatibles con un nuevo episodio de pancreatitis aguda. Presentaba hipercalcemia y hormona paratiroidea (PTH) elevada, configurando hiperparatiroidismo primario. La gammagrafía informó hallazgos compatibles con adenoma paratiroideo. Se inició tratamiento con reanimación hídrica y analgesia con adecuada disminución de calcio sérico y resolución de dolor abdominal. Después de la paratiroidectomía se logró normalizar los niveles de calcio y PTH. Discusión: la pancreatitis aguda es una condición potencialmente fatal, por lo que la sospecha de causas poco frecuentes como la hipercalcemia debe tenerse en cuenta. El tratamiento de la hipercalcemia por adenoma paratiroideo se basa en reanimación hídrica adecuada y manejo quirúrgico del adenoma, con el fin de evitar recurrencia de pancreatitis y mortalidad. (AU)


Introduction: we describe the case of a patient with acute pancreatitis secondary to hypercalcemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism. This is a rare cause of pancreatitis associated with significant morbidity and mortality if not diagnosed in time. Clinical case: a 44-year-old man with a history of pancreatitis of presumed biliary origin, which had previously required cholecystectomy, consulted for abdominal pain and nausea. The laboratory findings were compatible with a new episode of acute pancreatitis. He presented hypercalcemia and an elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH), configuring primary hyperparathyroidism. Scintigraphy was performed, yielding findings compatible with parathyroid adenoma. Treatment with fluid resuscitation and analgesia was started, resulting in an adequate decrease in serum calcium and resolution of abdominal pain. After parathyroidectomy, calcium and PTH levels were normalized. Discussion: acute pancreatitis is a potentially fatal condition; therefore the suspicion of rare causes, such as hypercalcemia, should be considered. The treatment of hypercalcemia due to parathyroid adenoma is based on adequate fluid resuscitation and surgical management of the adenoma, to avoid recurrence of pancreatitis and death. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pancreatitis/etiology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnostic imaging , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Pancreatitis/prevention & control , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Radionuclide Imaging , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Hypercalcemia/blood , Hypercalcemia/therapy
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 23(3): 221-226, set-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046191

ABSTRACT

A Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) aponta as doenças cardiovasculares como a principal causa de morte no mundo, caracterizando um grave problema na saúde pública. Os três tipos de doenças que mais acarretam em óbito são: acidente vascular cerebral, seguido de infarto agudo do miocárdio e outras doenças isquêmicas do coração.Apesar dos avanços terapêuticos das últimas décadas, o infarto ainda apresenta altas taxas de mortalidade. Para as pessoas com doenças cardiovasculares ou com alto risco cardiovascular é fundamental o diagnóstico precoce da doença. A cintilografia de perfusão miocárdica é um método de investigação diagnóstica e prognóstico não invasivo de várias doenças cardiovasculares. Esse exame consiste na administração de um radiofármaco para obtenção de imagens de perfusão cardíaca. Dois traçadores marcados com Tecnécio-99m são amplamente utilizados na clínica, porém, esses dois radiofármacos não atendem aos requisitos de um agente de perfusão ideal, por sofrerem significativa excreção biliar, produzindo artefatos na imagem, o que pode inteferir um diagnóstico preciso, já que a qualidade é comprometida, e prolongando o tempo de obtenção da imagem após a administração do radiotraçador. Para superar essa lacuna, pesquisadores vêm estudando novos complexos catiônicos marcados com o Tecnécio. O objetivo desse artigo é fazer uma revisão, abordando a literatura sobre os radiofármacos que estão sendo estudados, suas vantagens e desvantagens sobre os traçadores já utilizados, e sobre sua potencial utilização na obtenção de imagem de perfusão cardíaca.


The World Health Organization (WHO) acknowledges cardiovascular diseases as the leading cause of death in the world, being regarded as a serious public health issue. The three types of diseases with the greatest mortality are: stroke, followed by acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and other ischemic heart diseases. Despite the therapeutic advances of the last decades, AMI still presents high mortality rates. Early diagnosis is essential for people with cardiovascular diseases or with a high cardiovascular risk. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy is a method of diagnostic investigation and noninvasive prognosis of various cardiovascular diseases. This examination consists in the administration of a radiopharmaceutical drug to obtain images of cardiac perfusion. Two tracers labeled with Technetium-99m are widely used, however, these two radiopharmaceuticals do not meet the requirements of an ideal perfusion agent, because they have a high liver absorption, producing artifacts in the image, which can disrupt a precise diagnosis, since the quality is compromised, and prolonging the imaging time after administration of the radioisotope. To overcome this gap, researchers have been studying new cationic complexes marked with technetium. The objective of this article is to review the literature on the radiopharmaceuticals being studied, their advantages and disadvantages on the tracers already used, and their potential use in obtaining a cardiac perfusion image.


Subject(s)
Technetium/pharmacokinetics , Radiopharmaceuticals/pharmacokinetics , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/instrumentation , Radioactive Tracers , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Radionuclide Imaging/instrumentation , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi/adverse effects , Cardiac Imaging Techniques/instrumentation , Liver/drug effects , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972154

ABSTRACT

Background@#Left ventricular (LV) eccentricity index (EI) is a measure of the LV shapre obtained with a commonly used quantitative software for mycardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). However, there are limited studies evaluating its correlation with other MPS parameters, for which this study was done. @*Methodology@#All patients who underwent 99mTc-sestamibi stress MPS from 2013 to 2015 were screened. A total of 353 patients, 228 (65%) males and 125 (35%) females, met the inclusion criteria. One hundred twenty-nine (37%) underwent exercise stress while 224 (63%) were given dipyridamole. Spearman's rho correlation was used to determine the correlation of rest and post-stress EI with the other study variables. @*Results@#Among males, rest EI showed negative correlation with summed stress score (SSS) (rs = -0.182, p<0.005), transient ischemic dilatation (TID) (rs=-0.172, p=0.009), rest LV end-diastolic volume (EDV) (rs=-0.291, p < 0.001), rest LV end-systolic volume (ESV)(rs=-0.316, p < 0.001), p0-st-streSS LVEDV (rs= -0.218, p < 0.001), and post-stress LVESV (rs= -0.331, p < 0.001). There was positive correlation with rest LV ejection fraction (EF) (rs= 0.291,p < 0.001) and post-stress LVEF (r5 = 0. 336, p < 0. 001). No sig11ifico11t relationship with any of the MPS parameters was observed among females. For both exercise and dipyridamole groups. EI exhibited negative correlation with SSS, and rest and stress LVESV; and positive cotrelation with rest and post-stress LVEF. Significant relationship with rest and stress LVEDV was only observed in the dipyridamole group.@*Conclusions@#This study shows that EI is correlated with most, if not all, of the MPS parameters with different levels of association depending on the patient's sex and the type of stress employed. More spherical LV is correlated with more severe perfusion defects, larger LV cavity volumes and poorere LV systolic function.


Subject(s)
Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Dipyridamole
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(8): 1021-1027, ago. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902580

ABSTRACT

Background: 99mTc-sestamibi parathyroid SPECT scintigraphy is a useful tool in the pre-operative study of hyperparathyroidism. False negatives (FN) have been reported in 5.7-14% of the examinations. Aim: To characterize 99mTc-sestamibi FN in cases referred for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) to a university hospital. Material and Methods: Descriptive retrospective analysis. We included patients with PHP, studied with SPECT scintigraphy, operated at our center between 2008 and 2015. Clinical and surgical data were recorded; biopsies of the FN were blindly reviewed by one pathologist. Results: One hundred twenty one scintigraphies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Seven (5.8%) were negative and 114 positive. There was no difference in age, sex and PTH levels between FN and true positive scintigraphies. At surgery, one FN case had two hyperplasic glands and two cases had ectopic glands. Pathology reported adenoma in three cases, hyperplasia in three and carcinoma in one. The largest diameter of the lesion was lower in FN (1.3 and 2.1 cm respectively, p = 0.02) and the proportion of adenomas was higher in true positive cases (29% and 75% respectively; p < 0.01). The interval between scintigraphy and parathyroidectomy was greater in FN with a median of 92 days (range 20 days-3.2 years, p < 0.01). The percentage of oxyphilic cells observed was similar in both groups. Conclusions: FN parathyroid SPECT scintigraphies in PHP are uncommon. They corresponded to lesions under the equipment's resolution limit and resulted in longer time lags between scintigraphy and surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Parathyroid Glands/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Radiopharmaceuticals , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnostic imaging , Parathyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Parathyroid Glands/pathology , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Adenoma/pathology , Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/pathology , False Negative Reactions , Hyperplasia/pathology , Hyperplasia/diagnostic imaging
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264035

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the diagnostic accuracy of (99)Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/CT and (18)F-FDG coincidence SPECT/CT for solitary pulmonary nodules.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 88 cases suspected of solitary pulmonary nodules were analyzed retrospectively, of whom 36 were examined with (18)F-FDG coincidence SPECT/CT and 52 with (99)Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/CT. The nature of the solitary pulmonary nodules (malignant or benign) were determined according to the pathological or follow-up (>2 years) results. The diagnostic accuracy of the two modalities for solitary pulmonary nodules was evaluated by ROC curve. The correlation of the lesion size and pathological grade determined by the two modalities with the L/N ratio was assessed using Spearman correlation analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(18)F-FDG coincidence SPECT/CT and (99)Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/CT showed a similar area under curve (AUC) of the L/N ratio (0.92 vs 0.88, P=0.565) with diagnostic sensitivities of 76.92% (20/26) and 80.77% (21/26) and specificities of 100% (10/10) and 88.46% (23/26), respectively. For solitary pulmonary nodules with lesion diameter ≤2 cm, the AUC was 1.00 with (18)F-FDG coincidence SPECT/CT and 0.90 with (99)Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/CT (P=0.746), while for nodules beyond 2 cm but below 3 cm, the AUCs were 0.79 and 0.89, respectively (P<0.001). In either of the two modalities, correlation analysis revealed no correlation of the L/N ratio with the pathological grade of the malignant lesions (P=0.771 and 0.077, respectively). The L/N ratio was not correlated with the size of the malignant lesion detected by (99)Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/CT (P=0.516) but was significantly correlated with the size of the malignant lesions detected by (18)F-FDG coincidence SPECT/CT (P=0.016).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>(99)Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/CT has a greater diagnostic accuracy than (18)F-FDG coincidence SPECT/CT for solitary pulmonary nodules with lesion a diameter beyond 2 cm, and is therefore the primary choice for low-income patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Chemistry , ROC Curve , Radiopharmaceuticals , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Diagnostic Imaging , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Chemistry , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Impairment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) precedes preclinical atherosclerosis. However, data are lacking regarding its prognostic utility using SPECT imaging. Thus, this study aimed to determine the clinical utility of CFR by sestamibi imaging in predicting future cardiac events in patients with normal and abnormal myocardial perfusion scan (MPS).METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 54 consecutive adult patients with suspected coronary artery disease referred to Nuclear Medicine Division, Philippine Heart Center for dipyridamole technetium-99m sestamibi SPECT MPS from August 2012 to September 2013. Patients with normal (summed stress score, SSS 4) perfusion scans were further subdivided based on their CFR whether normal (CFR> 2) or abnormal (CFR RESULTS: A prospective cohort of 54 consecutive patients with no known CAD, were enrolled in the study. Abnormal MPI revealed significantly lower CFR (1.64 + 0.47 vs. 1.19 + 0.36, p=0.005). The annual cardiac event rate increased in the presence of reduced CFR in spite of a normal MPI (from 0% to 6.9%), and was even higher when both MPI and CFR were abnormal (from 0% to 34.7%). In Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with abnormal perfusion revealed-significantly higher incidence of cardiac events compared with normal perfusion (chi-square 4.93, p=0.027). There was a trend towards increased incidence of cardiac events in patients with abnormal CFR; however, this did not reach statistical significance (chi-square 0.61, p=0.434).CONCLUSION: A low CFR was associated with an increased incidence of MACE, particularly in the presence of abnormal perfusion findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Dipyridamole , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Heart , Angina, Unstable , Myocardium
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-633548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Impairment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) precedes preclinical atherosclerosis. However, data are lacking regarding its prognostic utility using SPECT imaging. Thus, this study aimed to determine the clinical utility of CFR by sestamibi imaging in predicting future cardiac events in patients with normal and abnormal myocardial perfusion scan (MPS). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 54 consecutive adult patients with suspected coronary artery disease referred to Nuclear Medicine Division, Philippine Heart Center for dipyridamole technetium-99m sestamibi SPECT MPS from August 2012 to September 2013. Patients with normal (summed stress score, SSS 4) perfusion scans were further subdivided based on their CFR whether normal (CFR> 2) or abnormal (CFR RESULTS: A prospective cohort of 54 consecutive patients with no known CAD, were enrolled in the study. Abnormal MPI revealed significantly lower CFR (1.64 + 0.47 vs. 1.19 + 0.36, p=0.005). The annual cardiac event rate increased in the presence of reduced CFR in spite of a normal MPI (from 0% to 6.9%), and was even higher when both MPI and CFR were abnormal (from 0% to 34.7%). In Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with abnormal perfusion revealed-significantly higher incidence of cardiac events compared with normal perfusion (chi-square 4.93, p=0.027). There was a trend towards increased incidence of cardiac events in patients with abnormal CFR; however, this did not reach statistical significance (chi-square 0.61, p=0.434). CONCLUSION: A low CFR was associated with an increased incidence of MACE, particularly in the presence of abnormal perfusion findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Dipyridamole , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Heart , Angina, Unstable , Myocardium
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353709

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>A paradigm shift appears to have occurred worldwide in surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism with the advent of sensitive preoperative imaging techniques. Preoperative imaging for parathyroid adenoma localisation was not found to be useful in a study conducted in Singapore in the 1990s. This study aimed to explore what the change has been in preoperative localisation tools compared to the previous study and if the ability of these tools to correctly localise pathologic parathyroid glands has improved.</p><p><b>MATERIALS AND METHODS</b>A retrospective review of patients who had surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism at our institution during the period 2005 to 2014 was carried out. Individuals with positive, as opposed to those with negative preoperative imaging, were compared with regard to whether they underwent limited focal or bilateral neck exploration. Length of hospital stay (LOHS) was also compared between patients who underwent limited versus bilateral exploration.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifty-eight patients who had preoperative imaging and surgery were evaluated. True positive rates of sestamibi, ultrasound and 4-dimensional (4D) computed tomography (CT) scans were 63.8%, 72.4% and 90%, respectively. Eighty percent of patients who had positive localisation had limited exploration. LOHS was 2.8 days (1.6, 4.8) and 4.3 days (2.1, 9.0) for limited and bilateral exploration respectively, P = 0.011.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our study highlights the marked change in the surgical landscape for primary hyperparathyroidism in the last 2 decades in Singapore. Improved preoperative localisation has resulted in a swing from predominantly bilateral, to limited exploration in almost all cases of primary hyperparathyroidism due to solitary adenoma. LOHS was significantly shorter in patients who had limited as compared to those who had bilateral exploration.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Length of Stay , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Parathyroidectomy , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Radionuclide Imaging , Radiopharmaceuticals , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Singapore , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Ultrasonography
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139062

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether focused or complete parathyroidectomy was more appropriate and to compare follow-up data in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 225 operations for PHPT at Yonsei University Health System between 2000 and 2012. After excluding 93 patients, the remaining 132 were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent focused parathyroidectomy (FP) and those who underwent conventional parathyroidectomy (CP). We compared clinicopathological features; preoperative calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), phosphorus, vitamin D, 24-hour urine calcium, and alkaline phosphatase levels; postoperative calcium and PTH levels; pathologic diagnosis; multiplicity; and results of a localization study between the 2 groups. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the rates of development of postoperative persistent hyperparathyroidism (1/122 FP patients and 1/10 CP patients) between the 2 groups due to a technical reason (FP 0.8% vs. CP 10.0%, P = 0.146). Multiglandular disease (MGD) was uncommon in all cases (6 of 132, 4.5%). All MGD cases were diagnosed using a preoperative localization study. Sestamibi scan and ultrasonography sensitivity were 94.2% and 90.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: We suggest that FP is appropriate in PHPT, except in cases of MGD if detected before the operation using preoperative imaging. Knowledge of hereditary PHPT and improved preoperative localization studies, such as high-resolution ultrasonography, contributed to the decision to perform FP rather than CP in all cases of unilateral results of the localizing study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkaline Phosphatase , Calcium , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Phosphorus , Retrospective Studies , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Ultrasonography , Vitamin D
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139059

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether focused or complete parathyroidectomy was more appropriate and to compare follow-up data in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 225 operations for PHPT at Yonsei University Health System between 2000 and 2012. After excluding 93 patients, the remaining 132 were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent focused parathyroidectomy (FP) and those who underwent conventional parathyroidectomy (CP). We compared clinicopathological features; preoperative calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), phosphorus, vitamin D, 24-hour urine calcium, and alkaline phosphatase levels; postoperative calcium and PTH levels; pathologic diagnosis; multiplicity; and results of a localization study between the 2 groups. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the rates of development of postoperative persistent hyperparathyroidism (1/122 FP patients and 1/10 CP patients) between the 2 groups due to a technical reason (FP 0.8% vs. CP 10.0%, P = 0.146). Multiglandular disease (MGD) was uncommon in all cases (6 of 132, 4.5%). All MGD cases were diagnosed using a preoperative localization study. Sestamibi scan and ultrasonography sensitivity were 94.2% and 90.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: We suggest that FP is appropriate in PHPT, except in cases of MGD if detected before the operation using preoperative imaging. Knowledge of hereditary PHPT and improved preoperative localization studies, such as high-resolution ultrasonography, contributed to the decision to perform FP rather than CP in all cases of unilateral results of the localizing study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkaline Phosphatase , Calcium , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Phosphorus , Retrospective Studies , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Ultrasonography , Vitamin D
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815233

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the diagnostic value among the single photon emission computed tomography/computerized tomography (SPECT/CT), (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) planar scintigraphy, ultrasonography (US) and computerized tomography (CT) in diagnosis of patients with hyperparathyroidism (HPT).
@*METHODS@#A total of 59 patients were retrospectively recruited for this study. The patients received parathyroidectomy and were verified by pathological examination. Among them, 31, 28 and 26 patients received SPECT/CT, (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scintigraphy, US and CT, respectively, before the parathyroidectomy. The sensitivity for localization or qualitation was compared between SPECT/CT and (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scintigraphy; the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were compared among the SPECT/CT, (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scintigraphy, US and CT.
@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in the sensitivity of localization between SPECT/CT and (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scintigraphy (P>0.05); however, the SPECT/CT exhibited more sensitive than the (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scintigraphy in detection of hyperplastic lesions (P<0.05). Among the four imaging modalities, SPECT/CT had advantages over (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scintigraphy in terms of accuracy (P<0.05). In contrast, the sensitivity of CT was not as good as that of SPECT/CT and US (both P<0.05). For the diagnosis of lesions with a diameter more than 1 cm, the sensitivity of SPECT/CT was the best (all P<0.05). However, the sensitivity of US was the best in diagnosis of lesions with a diameter less than 1 cm (all P<0.05).
@*CONCLUSION@#The SPECT/CT is more effective than (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scintigraphy in diagnosis of HPT, especially in diagnosis of hyperplastic lesions. Both of SPECT/CT and US are recommended to localize the target parathyroid lesions of HPT before the parathyroidectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Hyperplasia , Parathyroid Glands , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Parathyroidectomy , Radionuclide Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239164

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the diagnostic value of ⁹⁹Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/localizable CT and ¹⁸FDG-PET/CT in patients with indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) and assess the feasibility of using ⁹⁹Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/localizable CT as an alternative when ¹⁸FDG-PET/CT is not available.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-nine patients with indeterminate SPNs were examined by ⁹⁹Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/localizable CT, and another 46 patients by ¹⁸FDG-PET/CT. The findings of the two modalities were analyzed qualitatively and semiquantitatively to assess their efficacy for a definitive diagnosis of SNPs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 39 patients examined by ⁹⁹Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/localizable CT, 13 were identified to have malignant SPNs and 26 had benign SPNs; the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the examination were 92.31% (12/13), 88.46% (23/26), 89.74% (35/39), 80% (12/15) and 95.83% (23/24), respectively. Of the 46 patients receiving ¹⁸FDG-PET/CT examination, 29 malignant cases and 17 benign cases were identified with a diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV and NPV of 96.55% (28/29), 76.47% (13/17), 89.13% (41/46), 87.50% (28/32) and 92.86% (13/14), respectively. The two modalities showed no significant differences in the diagnostic sensitivity (χ² =0.356, P=0.55), specificity (χ² =1.084, P=0.298), accuracy (χ² = 0.008, P=0.927), PPV (χ² = 0.453, P=0.501) or NPV (χ² =0.157, P=0.692). The ROC curve showed that with the early uptake ratio (EUR) of ⁹⁹Tc(m)-MIBI ≥ 1.474 and ≥ 1.38 as the cutoff values, the sensitivity of ⁹⁹Tc(m)-MIBI SPECT/localizable CT was both 100% and the specificity both 76.90%; with the maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) of ¹⁸FDG ≥ 2.40 as the cutoff value, the sensitivity of ¹⁸FDG-PET/CT was 96.60% and the specificity was 76.50%, showing no significant differences between the two modalities in the diagnostic efficacy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>⁹⁹Tc(m)-MIBI-SPECT/localizable CT may be a useful and practical modality for early diagnosis of SNPs for patients with a medium or low income in small and medium-sized cities.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis, Differential , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Positron-Emission Tomography , ROC Curve , Radiopharmaceuticals , Sensitivity and Specificity , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Diagnosis , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1522-1529, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177074

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are known to be potentially effective in regeneration of damaged tissue. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of intracoronary administration of ADSCs in reducing the infarction area and improving function after acute transmural myocardial infarction (MI) in a porcine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ADSCs were obtained from each pig's abdominal subcutaneous fat tissue by simple liposuction. After 3 passages of 14-days culture, 2 million ADSCs were injected into the coronary artery 30 min after acute transmural MI. At baseline and 4 weeks after the ADSC injection, 99mTc methoxyisobutylisonitrile-single photon emission computed tomography (MIBISPECT) was performed to evaluate the left ventricular volume, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; %), and perfusion defects as well as the myocardial salvage (%) and salvage index. At 4 weeks, each pig was sacrificed, and the heart was extracted and dissected. Gross and microscopic analyses with specific immunohistochemistry staining were then performed. RESULTS: Analysis showed improvement in the perfusion defect, but not in the LVEF in the ADSC group (n=14), compared with the control group (n=14) (perfusion defect, -13.0+/-10.0 vs. -2.6+/-12.0, p=0.019; LVEF, -8.0+/-15.4 vs. -15.9+/-14.8, p=0.181). There was a tendency of reducing left ventricular volume in ADSC group. The ADSCs identified by stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) staining were well co-localized by von Willebrand factor and Troponin T staining. CONCLUSION: Intracoronary injection of cultured ADSCs improved myocardial perfusion in this porcine acute transmural MI model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Chemokine CXCL12 , Coronary Vessels , Heart/physiopathology , Heart Ventricles , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Stem Cell Transplantation , Swine , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi/pharmacology , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Troponin T , Ventricular Function, Left
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9718

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The role of preoperative localization studies is controversial in surgery of secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT). The aim of study was to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative ultrasonography (USG), CT, and 99mTc sestamibi scintigraphy (MIBI) in localizing enlarged parathyroid glands and to find the impact of correct localization in successful parathyroidectomy. METHODS: We compared operative findings with the preoperative localization of ultrasonography, computerized tomography and sestamibi scintigraphy in 109 patients with sHPT and identified well-visualized locations of abnormal parathyroid glands by evaluating the sensitivity of each imaging study with regard to typical locations of glands. We investigated the effect of preoperative imaging localization on the surgical outcomes by measuring the intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) decrement for positive or negative imaging localization. RESULTS: USG (91.5%) had the highest sensitivity and MIBI (56.1%) had the lowest among 3 modalities. The sensitivity of combined USG and CT (95.0%) was the highest among combined 2 modalities. The combination of all 3 modalities (95.4%) had the highest sensitivity among the combinations of modalities. The reduction of ioPTH in patients with positive imaging localization (86.6%) was greater than negative imaging localization (84.2%), with no significant difference (P = 0.586). The recurrence or persistence of sHPT was not correlated with preoperative imaging localization (19 patients in negative, 16 in positive; P = 0.14). CONCLUSION: Preoperative imaging localization contributed to surgical success but not to surgical outcomes. The combination of ioPTH measurement with imaging localization might be valuable for better surgical results in sHPT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Radionuclide Imaging , Recurrence , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-632930

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Blunting of coronary flow reserve (CFR) may precede overt ischemia. The study aimed to correlate CFR with perfusion findings and risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD).METHODS: Fifty-four consecutive patients underwent dipyridamole-rest technetium-99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) on two separate days. CFR was computed as the quotient of myocardial blood flow (MBF= global tissue perfusion divided by arterial input function) at stress and at rest.RESULTS: CFR was significantly lower in patients with abnormal perfusion vs normals (p=0.005). Reduced CFR was noted in 83% of patients with normal SPECT. Lower CFR was seen in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) compared to those without LVH (p=0.029); likewise in DM vs no DM (p=0.121). Independent predictors of reduced CFR were age and extent of ischemia. CONCLUSION: Abnormal perfusion is associated with reduced CFR. In those with normal perfusion, there is a high prevalence of reduced CFR, which may be attributed to the presence of risk factors for CAD and LVH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteries , Coronary Artery Disease , Dipyridamole , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Risk Factors , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247963

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficiency of (99)Tc(m)-sestamibi (MIBI) in the diagnosis of parathyroid diseases with primary hyperparathyroidism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and four cases with primary hyperparathyroidism underwent MIBI and parathyroidectomy between May 2010 to November 2013 were reviewed. With MIBI, single adenoma was found in 91 cases, two adenomas in 5 cases, carcinoma and hyperplasia in 3 cases respectively. Primary hyperparathyroidism was diagnosed based on the associated symptoms and signs in 93 patients, while it was indicated in 11 asymptomatic patients due to the presence of hypercalcemia in health examination. Parathroid hormone levels ranged from 98 to 2 800 ng/L, and serum calcium levels were between 2.56-4.23 mmol/L.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The sensitivity of MIBI for total diseased parntyroids was 84.0% (100/119), and that for parathyroid adenoma, parnthyroid carcinoma, atypical adenoma and primary parathyroid hyperplasia was 87.1% (88/101), 3/3, 2/2 and 7/13, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MIBI is efficient in the diagnosis of parathyroid diseases with primary hyperparathyroidism. The size and cystic degeneration of parathroid disease are two common factors decreasing MIBI reliability, and thyroid nodule is additional source leading to false-positive results.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Carcinoma , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Diagnosis , Hyperplasia , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Parathyroidectomy , Radiopharmaceuticals , Reproducibility of Results , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Thyroid Nodule
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225511

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Primary hyperparathyroidism can be cured by minimally invasive surgery (MIS) with optimized preoperative localization. Ultrasonography (US) and 99mTc-sestamibi (MIBI) scan are the imaging modalities most widely used for the localization of the affected glands. In this study, we defined the roles of US and MIBI scan. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 40 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for a single parathyroid adenoma between 2004 and 2013. US and scintigraphic findings were compared with operative findings. RESULTS: Adenomas were accurately localized using US and MIBI scan in 38 patients (95%) and 37 patients (92.5%), respectively. Twenty-nine patients (76.3%) showed typical extrathyroidal hypoechoic nodule with central or peripheral vascularity, and, after MIS, we confirmed that they were suffering from a single parathyroid adenoma. Eight patients with atypical US findings and two patients with an undetectable lesion on US underwent MIS after localization using MIBI scan or computed tomography (CT). Only one patient showed an extrathyroidal cystic nodule evidenced by high parathyroid hormone cystic fluid on ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration and negative MIBI scan. All lesions not localized on US were located in the superior portion. CONCLUSIONS: US is a sensitive and accurate method for the preoperative localization of parathyroid adenoma, especially if the lesion has typical US features and is located inferiorly. We suggest that US be the first localization modality and that MIBI scan or CT be used in the limited number of cases with negative US findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Parathyroidectomy , Retrospective Studies , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26229

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The improvement of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) assay and localization studies has enabled a minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) in primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). The aim of this study is to analyze the demographics, clinical presentations, and surgical outcomes of the pHPT patients who received surgical management with versus without IOPTH. METHODS: Analysis of a database was performed on 53 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for pHPT from 2004 to 2013. Preoperative localization was done by both sestamibi scan and ultrasonography. We divided the patients into two groups (without IOPTH versus with IOPTH) and analyzed the surgical outcomes statistically between two groups. RESULTS: The concordance rate of Technetium 99m sestamibi scan and ultrasonography was 73.6% and 90.6%, respectively. The overall cure rate of group 1 (without IOPTH) was 94.9% and that of group 2 (with IOPTH) was 100%. The decline of PTH at postoperative 5 minutes and 10 minutes was 75.2% +/- 14.9% and 84.9% +/- 8.6% in cured patients. On the other hand, that of noncured patients at 5 minutes and 10 minutes was 17.2% +/- 9.7% and 8.2% +/- 2.2%. There was a significant difference in the drop rate of IOPTH between cured and persistent patients (P < 0.01). Pathological examination showed adenoma in 41 of 53 patients (77.4%) and hyperplasia in 10 of 53 patients (18.9%). CONCLUSION: Even though the localization studies were successful, IOPTH monitoring is essential to avoid a surgical failure in MIP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Demography , Hand , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Hyperplasia , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Ultrasonography
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