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1.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(291): 8276-8287, ago.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1391988

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Abordar os efeitos adversos relacionados a utilização indiscriminada de antitrombóticos no tratamento profilático em puérperas. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura realizada entre fevereiro e abril de 2022 nas bases: Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), SciVerse Scopus (SCOPUS) e Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed). Foram selecionados para essa revisão 10 artigos, publicadas entre 2012 e abril de 2022 (10 anos). Resultados: Os resultados evidenciar que a minimização de eventos tromboembólicos no puerpério é indispensável o acompanhamento desde a gestação, dessa forma se identificará precocemente os riscos e assim será possível tomar as devidas medidas preventivas eficazes na redução das consequências manifestadas pela doença. Conclusão: Evidencia-se que não há um procedimento específico com alto nível de evidência científica quando se trata de envolvimento do paciente sem risco iminente, em razão à escassez de estudos disponíveis acerca da temática.(AU)


Objective: To address the adverse effects related to the indiscriminate use of antithrombotics in the prophylactic treatment of postpartum women. Method: Integrative literature review carried out between February and April 2022 in the following databases: Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), SciVerse Scopus (SCOPUS) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed). Ten articles were selected for this review, published between 2012 and April 2022 (10 years). Results: The results show that the minimization of thromboembolic events in the puerperium is essential to follow up since pregnancy, in this way the risks will be identified early and thus it will be possible to take the appropriate preventive measures effective in reducing the consequences manifested by the disease. Conclusion: It is evident that there is no specific procedure with a high level of scientific evidence when it comes to patient involvement without imminent risk, due to the scarcity of available studies on the subject.(AU)


Objetivo: Abordar los efectos adversos relacionados con el uso indiscriminado de antitrombóticos en el tratamiento profiláctico de la puérpera. Método: Revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada entre febrero y abril de 2022 en las siguientes bases de datos: Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), SciVerse Scopus (SCOPUS) y Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed). Se seleccionaron diez artículos para esta revisión, publicados entre 2012 y abril de 2022 (10 años). Resultados: Los resultados muestran que la minimización de los eventos tromboembólicos en el puerperio es fundamental para el seguimiento desde el embarazo, de esta forma se identificarán tempranamente los riesgos y así se podrán tomar las medidas preventivas oportunas efectivas en la reducción de las consecuencias manifestadas por la enfermedad. Conclusión: Se evidencia que no existe un procedimiento específico con alto nivel de evidencia científica cuando se trata de involucramiento del paciente sin riesgo inminente, debido a la escasez de estudios disponibles sobre el tema.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Therapeutics , Thrombosis , Postpartum Period
2.
Rev. méd. Paraná ; 80(1): 1-2, jan. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381069

ABSTRACT

Obesity is a chronic disease that can lead to other serious health problems. In more severe cases, a therapeutic alternative is bariatric surgery. The aim of this study was to present a narrative review of anatomical aspects of superior mesenteric vein thrombosis after sleeve gastrectomy. A literature review on the subject was performed from 2011 to 2021, using the Periodicals CAPES and PubMed databases, using the following descriptors in English and Portuguese: sleeve, superior mesenteric vein and thrombosis. Among the results, 7 articles were selected that met the research purposes. In conclusion, the sleeve is an efficient procedure; however, it is necessary to consider the possibility of thrombosis of the superior mesenteric vein, and it is important to previously analyze the risk factors, as well as to consider the indication of the use of anticoagulants in the pre, trans and postoperative periods


A obesidade é doença crônica que pode acarretar outros graves problemas de saúde. Em casos mais severos, alternativa terapêutica é a realização de operação bariátrica. O objetivo deste trabalho foi apresentar revisão narrativa aspectos anatômicos da trombose da veia mesentérica superior após sleeve gástrico. Foi realizada análise de literatura sobre o tema no período de 2011 a 2021, utilizando-se das bases de dados Periódicos da CAPES e PubMed, empregando os seguintes descritores em inglês e português: sleeve, veia mesentérica superior e trombose. Dentre os resultados, foram selecionados 7 artigos que atendiam aos propósitos da pesquisa. Como conclusão, o sleeve é procedimento eficiente, contudo é preciso considerar a possibilidade de ocorrência da trombose da veia mesentérica superior, sendo de importância analisar previamente os fatores de risco, bem como cogitar a indicação do uso de anticoagulantes no período pré, trans e pós-operatório


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombosis , Bariatric Surgery , Mesenteric Ischemia , Obesity , Digestive System
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(3): 121-124, jul./set. 2022. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1411216

ABSTRACT

O aneurisma é uma dilatação anormal e permanente das artérias, resultante do enfraquecimento da parede do vaso adelgaçamento da camada média e enfraquecimento da camada elástica. Em animais, a maioria dos casos de aneurisma tem origem idiopática e são detectados acidentalmente durante a necropsia. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso de aneurisma aórtico com trombose associada em Bugio-preto(Alouatta caraya), bem como seus aspectos patológicos. O animal era adulto, macho, pertencente ao Centro Nacional de Primatas (CENP), na cidade de Ananindeua-PA, foi encaminhado para exame necroscópico para investigação da causa mortis. No histórico do animal, não constava qualquer enfermidade. O animal apresentava bom escore de condição corporal com preservação da topografia anatômica dos órgãos. Entretanto, observou-se presença de aumento de volume localizado em aorta torácica, a 1,4 cm da base do coração. Na abertura aórtica foi observado dilatações de tamanhos variados e, no interior da maior dilatação, notou-se uma estrutura de coloração vermelho escuro, aderida, de aspecto seco e superfície áspera, medindo 1,5 cm. Aneurismas aórticos em primatas não humanos não são comuns, porém já foram reportados na literatura. O diagnóstico precoce utilizando exames complementares é importante, porém, ainda há recursos não empregados na rotina veterinária tornando ainda mais difícil o diagnóstico e prevenção. Por isso, na medicina veterinária, os aneurismas são detectados acidentalmente durante a necropsia. Com base nos achados anatomopatológicos, concluiu-se que o animal veio a óbito por trombose associada a aneurisma aórtico.


An aneurysm is an abnormal and permanent dilation of the arteries, resulting from the weakening of the vessel wall.thinning of the middle layer and weakening of the elastic layer. In animals, most cases of aneurysm are idiopathic. This paper aimed to report a case of aortic aneurysm with associated thrombosis in a black-and-gold howler monkey(Alouatta caraya), as well as its pathological aspects. The animal was an adult, male, belonging to the National Primate Center (CENP), in the city of Ananindeua-PA, that was referred for necroscopic examination to investigate the causa mortis. In the animal's history, there was no disease. The animal had a good body condition score with preservation of the anatomical topography of the organs. However, there was an increase in volume located in the thoracic aorta, 1.4 cm from the base of the heart. In the aortic opening, dilations of different sizes were observed, and inside the largest dilatation, a structure of dark red color, adhered, with a dry appearance and rough surface, measuring 1.5 cm was noted in addition to dilations of different sizes. Inside the largest cavitation, a dark red structure was observed, adhered, with a dry appearance and rough surface, measuring 1.5 cm. Aortic aneurysms in non-human primates are incommon, but have been reported in the literature. Early diagnosis using complementary exams is important, however, there are still resources not used in the veterinary routine, making diagnosis and prevention even more difficult. Therefore, in veterinary medicine, aneurysms are accidentally detected during necropsy. Based on the anatomopathological findings, it was concluded that the animal died due to thrombosis associated with an aortic aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aortic Diseases/veterinary , Primates/abnormalities , Autopsy/veterinary , Thrombosis/veterinary , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/veterinary , Alouatta caraya/abnormalities
4.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21: 27-45, June 20, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1396378

ABSTRACT

Budd-Chiari syndrome [BCS] is a rare, potentially life-threatening condition characterized by the triad of abdominal pain, ascites, and hepatomegaly (with or without jaundice). There will be an underlying disorder in most cases. The diagnosis, as well as management of the case, requires a multidisciplinary approach. The treatment should aim at reducing the presenting symptoms as well as removing the underlying pathology. Here we explain a case report of a 21-year-old male patient in the subacute stage of BCS with its complications and considered as a candidate for liver transplantation. His liver enzymes, PT/INR, D- dimer, and homocysteine values were above normal levels. The arterial oxygen saturation level was subnormal, and he was on supportive oxygen supplement. Inferior venacava [IVC] Doppler revealed a non-obstructive intrahepatic thrombus. The patient was treated with Homoeopathic medicine Arsenicum album and Arnica montana, given as an adjuvant to conventional treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Budd-Chiari Syndrome/diagnosis , Homeopathy
8.
Med. lab ; 26(3): 219-236, 2022. Tabs, ilus, Grafs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412315

ABSTRACT

El virus SARS-CoV-2 continúa infectando a millones de individuos en el mundo. Aunque los síntomas más frecuentes observados en los pacientes con COVID-19 son fiebre, fatiga y tos, en los casos severos la hipercoagulabilidad y la inflamación son dos condiciones que pueden producir complicaciones y causar daño en órganos, poniendo en riesgo la vida del paciente. Con el fin de clasificar a los pacientes durante el triaje, se han explorado diferentes marcadores hematológicos, incluidos el recuento de plaquetas, linfocitos y eosinófilos, y la relación neutrófilos/ linfocitos, entre otros. Por su parte, para la evaluación de las coagulopatías, se vienen determinando marcadores como el dímero D y el fibrinógeno. En esta revisión se abordan las coagulopatías y los parámetros hematológicos en pacientes con COVID-19, al igual que las anormalidades en la coagulación como la trombocitopenia trombótica inmune inducida por las vacunas contra el SARS-CoV-2


The SARS-CoV-2 virus continues to infect millions of individuals around the world. Although the most frequent symptoms observed in patients with COVID-19 are fever, fatigue and cough, in severe cases hypercoagulability and inflammation are two conditions that can cause complications and organ failure, putting the patient's life at risk. In order to classify patients during triage, different hematological markers have been explored, including platelet, lymphocyte, and eosinophil counts, and the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, among others. Furthermore, for the evaluation of coagulopathies, markers such as D-dimer and fibrinogen are being evaluated. This review addresses the coagulopathies and hematological parameters in patients with COVID-19, as well as coagulation abnormalities such as immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia induced by SARS-CoV-2 vaccines


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Prognosis , Reference Standards , Thrombosis , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Blood Platelets , Vaccines , Antigens, Differentiation , SARS-CoV-2 , Hematology
10.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.830-834, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353529
11.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(2): 162-170, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1378955

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad COVID-19 se caracteriza principalmente por manifestaciones clínicas respiratorias, que pueden ser leves hasta muy severas, sin embargo, hay un grupo de pacientes que pueden cursar con eventos tromboembólicos en cualquier parte del cuerpo. Se realizó una búsqueda de información científica en tres bases de datos PubMed, Scopus y Web of Science, con el objetivo de describir y analizar las potenciales causas de la trombosis mesentérica asociada a la infección por SARS-CoV-2, así como los resultados clínicos, de los pacientes que presentaron y fueron tratados por trombosis mesentérica durante el curso de la enfermedad. Se han reportado diferentes mecanismos fisiopatológicos de eventos tromboembólicos asociados a la COVID-19, dentro de ellos se mencionan el estado de hipercoagulabilidad, una mayor producción de factor Von Willebrand, la expresión de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina 2 en los enterocitos del intestino delgado, que como respuesta a la infección pueden liberar mediadores inflamatorios y el estado de shock presente en las dos terceras partes de los pacientes críticos. Los pacientes con la COVID-19 y sobre todo aquellos que cursan con estadios graves pueden tener diferentes mecanismos que confluyen o exacerban un estado de hipercoagulación, que puede puede afectar cualquier parte del cuerpo como los vasos mesentéricos y llevar a una isquemia gastrointestinal que comprometa su viabilidad y termine en una resección intestinal por necrosis(AU)


COVID-19 disease is mainly characterized by respiratory clinical manifestations, which can be light to very severe; however, there is a group of patients who can present with thromboembolic events in any part of the body. A search of scientific information in three databases, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science, was carried out with the aim of describing and analyzing the potential causes of mesenteric thrombosis associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection, as well as the clinical outcomes of patients who presented and were treated for mesenteric thrombosis during the course of the disease. Different pathophysiological mechanisms of thromboembolic events associated with COVID-19 have been reported, among them the hyper-coagulable state, an increased production of Von Willebrand factor, the expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in small intestinal enterocytes, which in response to infection can release inflammatory mediators, and the state of shock present in two thirds of critically ill patients. Patients with COVID-19 and especially those with severe stages may have different mechanisms that converge or exacerbate a state of hyper-coagulation, which can affect any part of the body such as the mesenteric vessels and lead to gastrointestinal ischemia that compromises its viability and ends in intestinal resection due to necrosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Thrombosis/physiopathology , COVID-19/physiopathology , Intestine, Small , Signs and Symptoms , Risk Factors , Ischemia
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939719

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are subtypes of extracellur vesicles containing a variety of cell-specific proteins, lipids and nucleic acids released during cell activation or apoptosis, and play the role of intercellur communication mediators in different physiological and pathological processes. With the development of research in recent years, the role of platelet-derived exosomes in cardiovascular diseases has attracted extensive attention. This paper reviews the role of platelet-derived exosomes in atherosclerotic thrombosis and the potential role of platelet-derived exosomes as biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment of atherosclerotic thrombotic disease and the problems to be solved.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Atherosclerosis/pathology , Blood Platelets/pathology , Exosomes/pathology , Humans , Thrombosis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the age distribution of Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction caused by thrombosis and the correlation and consistency between thromboelastography (TEG) and four parameters of coagulation.@*METHODS@#The age distribution of 298 Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction treated in Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Minzu University from January 2020 to December 2021 and their TEG, four items of routin coagulation and platelet count were analyzed retrospectively. The correlation and consistency of above-mentioned two detection methods were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The onset age of 298 Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction was mainly 61-70 years old, accounting for 38.3%, followed by 51-60 years old, accounting for 26.8%. The R time detected by TEG was linearly correlated with PT and APTT(r=0.186,r=0.152). K value, MA value and α-Angle measured by TEG was linearly correlated with Fib (r=-0.364,r=0.616,r=0.359), K value, MA value and α-Angle measured by TEG was linearly correlated with Plt (r=0.318,r=0.519,r=0.301). The R time detected by TEG was consistent with PT and APTT, and the Kappa values were 0.252 (P<0.001), 0.336 (P<0.001). K, MA, and α-Angle measured by TEG was consistent with Fib, the Kappa values were 0.265 (P<0.001), 0.289 (P<0.001) and 0.290 (P<0.001), respectively; K、MA and α-Angle measured by TEG was consistent with Plt, the Kappa values were 0.276 (P<0.001), 0.285 (P<0.001) and 0.302 (P<0.001), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The onset age of Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction caused by thrombosis is mainly 61-70 years old, followed by 51-60 years old. The onset age shows a younger trend. There is a significant correlation between TEG and coagulation, but the consistency is weak, therefore, the two methods can not be replaced each other.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests/methods , Cerebral Infarction , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thrombelastography/methods , Thrombosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between clinical features, peripheral blood cell count, coagulation function, gene mutation and hemorrhagic events and thrombotic events in essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and primary myelofibrosis(PMF) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 78 patients with ET, PV, and PMF who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between September 2019 and August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Information about sex, age, gene mutation, peripheral blood cell count, coagulation function, and hemorrhagic and thrombotic events was included, and the influence of these data on the occurrence of hemorrhagic and thrombotic events was estimated.@*RESULTS@#Among the 78 patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms, there were 47 cases of ET, 15 cases of PV, and 16 cases of PMF.A total of 10 patients (12.82%) experienced hemorrhagic events and 27 (34.62%) experienced thrombotic events. Male,patients aged ≥ 60 years, and patients with a JAK2V617F mutation were more likely to experience thrombotic events (P<0.05). Patients with thrombotic events had higher platelet (PLT) counts and fibrinogen (FIB) levels than patients without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P<0.05).White blood cell (WBC) count, red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (HGB) level, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT) and international normalized ratio (INR) showed no statistical difference between patients with thrombotic events and patients without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P>0.05). There was also no significant difference in the above-mentioned indexes between patients with hemorrhagic events and patients without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P>0.05). Among JAK2V617F positive myeloproliferative neoplasm patients, male patients were more likely to have thrombotic events (P<0.05), and patients with thrombotic events had higher platelet counts than those without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in age, white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin level, PT, APTT, FIB, TT or INR between patients with thrombotic events and patients without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Sex, age, JAK2V617F mutation and platelet count have a certain value for predicting thrombosis in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms.


Subject(s)
Hemoglobins/genetics , Hemorrhage , Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Male , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Polycythemia Vera/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Thrombosis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935816

ABSTRACT

Acute carbon monoxide poisoning can cause multiple organ damage due to hypoxia. In severe cases, it can be life-threatening and has a high fatality rate. Intestinal obstruction and thrombosis are rare complications of carbon monoxide poisoning. A case of carbon monoxide poisoning was reported. In addition to the central nervous system lesion, intestinal obstruction and lower limb thrombosis were also found. In the treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning patients, the clinician was able to treat the common complications, attention should be paid to gastrointestinal tract, thrombotic disease and other rare complications, so as to avoid missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/therapy , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Thrombosis/etiology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the changes of Ⅻ antithrombin (FⅫa-AT), thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), and lupus anticoagulant (LA) ratio in the peripheral blood factor of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the clinical value of combined diagnosis of thrombotic events.@*METHODS@#A total of 133 SLE patients treated in Xingtai People's Hospital were selected and divided into simple SLE group (105 cases) and SLE complicated with thrombosis group (28 cases) according to whether thrombotic events occurred, and 102 cases of healthy people in the same period were selected as control. The clinical data of the 3 groups, the level of peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, and LA ratio were compared, the relationship between each peripheral blood index and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score were analyzed. The influencing factors of thrombotic events in SLE patients were analyzed, and the value of each peripheral blood index in the diagnosis of SLE complicated with thrombotic events were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of the patients with age ≥60 year, hypertension, and smoking history in SLE complicated with thrombosis group was higher than those in simple SLE group and control group (P<0.05). The SLEDAI score, peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio levels of the patients in SLE complicated with thrombosis group were significantly higher than those in simple SLE group and control group, and the simple SLE group was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio in peripheral blood of SLE patients were positively correlated with SLEDAI score (r=0.663, 0.578 and 0.625). Age, blood pressure, smoking history, peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio were the important influencing factors of thrombotic events in SLE patients (P<0.05). The AUC diagnosed by the FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, and LA ratio in peripheral blood was 0.881, the 95% CI was 0.813-0.931, the sensitivity was 82.14%, and the specificity was 91.43%, which was superior to each index alone (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio level changes in SLE patients are significantly related to disease activity, and the combined diagnosis of thrombotic events is more reliable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombospondin 1
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928160

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic mechanism of Jingfang Granules on tail thrombosis induced by carrageenan in mice. Thirty-two male ICR mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a Jingfang Granules group, and a positive drug(aspirin) group, with eight mice in each group. The thrombosis model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of carrageenan(45 mg·kg~(-1)) combined with low-temperature stimulation, and the mice were treated with drugs for 7 days before modeling. Twenty-four hours after modeling, blood was detected for four blood coagulation indices in each group. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the activity of plasma interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and other inflammatory factors. The tails of mice in each group were cut off to observe tail lesions and measure the length of the thrombus. The protein expression and phosphorylation level of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2(ERK1/2) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK) in spleen tissues were detected by Western blot. The results showed that dark red thrombus appeared in the tails of mice in each group. The length of the black part accounted for about 40% of the total tail in the model group. Additionally, the model group showed prolonged prothrombin time(PT), increased fibrinogen(FIB) content, and shortened activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT). Compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention displayed shortened black parts in the tail and improved four blood coagulation indices(P<0.05). As revealed by ELISA, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in the mouse plasma were significantly up-regulated in the model group, and those in the groups with drug intervention were reduced as compared with the model group(P<0.05). As demonstrated by Western blot, the protein expression and phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK in the spleen tissues were significantly elevated in the model group, while those in the Jingfang Granules group were down-regulated as compared with the model group with a significant difference. Jingfang Granules can inhibit tail thrombosis of mice caused by carrageenan presumedly by inhibiting the activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carrageenan/adverse effects , Interleukin-6/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Signal Transduction , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927863

ABSTRACT

Renal artery thrombosis can cause acute occlusion of unilateral or bilateral renal arteries,and kidney failure would be induced if it is not diagnosed and treated in time.Therefore,rapid and correct treatment is especially important for renal artery thrombosis.Due to the lack of specificity of clinical manifestations,this disease in commonly misdiagnosed or missed and thus has a low early diagnosis rate.Here we report a case of acute renal artery thrombosis to improve the diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Diagnostic Errors/adverse effects , Humans , Renal Artery , Renal Artery Obstruction/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 658-664, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927538

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune prothrombotic condition with significant morbidity. The objective of this study was to identify additional clinical and epidemiological risks of arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis, and pregnancy morbidities in a large cohort of persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs)-positive carriers.@*METHODS@#This was a cross-sectional cohort study of 453 consecutive patients with a documented positive aPL who attended Peking University People's Hospital. Among 453 patients screened, 297 patients had persistent positive aPL. We compared asymptomatic aPL carriers with thrombotic and obstetric APS patients. And the univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were used to evaluate the association between different risk factors and APS clinical manifestations. The levels of circulating markers of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) (cell-free DNA and citrullinated histone H3 [Cit-H3]) were assessed and compared among aPL-positive carriers with or without autoimmune disease and APS patients.@*RESULTS@#Additional risk factors associated with arterial thrombosis among aPL-positive carriers included: smoking (odds ratio [OR] = 6.137, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.408-15.637, P  = 0.0001), hypertension (OR = 2.368, 95% CI = 1.249-4.491, P  = 0.008), and the presence of underlying autoimmune disease (OR = 4.401, 95% CI = 2.387-8.113, P < 0.001). Additional risks associated with venous thrombosis among aPL carriers included: smoking (OR = 4.594, 95% CI = 1.681-12.553, P  = 0.029) and the presence of underlying autoimmune disease (OR = 6.330, 95% CI = 3.355-11.940, P < 0.001). The presence of underlying autoimmune disease (OR = 3.301, 95% CI = 1.407-7.744, P  = 0.006) is the additional risk, which demonstrated a significant association with APS pregnancy morbidity. Higher circulating levels of cell-free DNA and Cit-H3 were observed among APS patients and aPL patients with autoimmune diseases compared with those aPL carriers without underlying autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, control neutrophils that are conditioned with APS patients'sera have more pronounced NET release compared with those treated with aPL carriers'sera without underlying autoimmune diseases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We identified several potential additional risk factors for APS clinical manifestations among a large cohort of Chinese aPL carriers. Our data may help physicians to risk stratify aPL-positive Asian patients.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Antiphospholipid Syndrome/complications , Autoimmune Diseases , Cell-Free Nucleic Acids , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Morbidity , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/etiology
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