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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928480


PURPOSE@#Treatment of distal tibia fractures poses significant challenge to orthopedic surgeon because of poor blood supply and paucity of soft tissue coverage. There is considerable controversy regarding the superior option of treatment for distal tibia fracture between the minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) technique and intramedullary interlocking (IMIL) nailing for extra-articular distal tibia fractures. The aim of our study is to compare the functional outcome between the two treatment methods.@*METHODS@#This was the prospective comparative study of 100 patients with distal third tibia fractures divided into two groups. The first group of patients were treated with MIPPO technique while the second group of patients were managed by IMIL nailing. Patients were followed up in outpatient department to assess the functional outcomes, malunion, delayed union, nonunion, superficial and deep infection between the two groups. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS software (version 16.0).@*RESULTS@#Average malunion (degrees) in the MIPPO group was 5 (3-7) ± 1.41 vs. 10.22 (8-14) ± 2.04 in the IMIL group (p = 0.001). Similarly postoperative knee pain in the IMIL group was 10% vs. 2% in the MIPPO group (p = 0.001). In terms of superficial infection and nonunion, the results were 8% vs. 4% and 2% vs. 6% for the MIPPO and IMIL group, respectively (p = 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Both procedures have shown the reliable method of fixation for distal extra-articular tibia fractures preserving the soft tissue, bony vascularity and fracture hematoma that provide a favourable biological environment for fracture healing. Considering the results of the study, we have slightly more preference for the MIPPO technique.

Bone Plates/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Fracture Healing , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Prospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 177-180, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928469


Proximal tibiofibular instability is a rare condition for which treatment is poorly codified. A 21-year-old patient, a leisure sportswoman, presented a post-traumatic anterolateral instability of the proximal tibiofibular articulation without cartilage lesion. We propose an original surgical technique based on a review of the literature that combines an anatomical ligamentoplasty of the proximal tibiofibular joint and a proximal fibular diaphyseal osteotomy to reduce the distal tibiofibular mechanical stresses. This original technique allows a favorable evolution with recovery of professional and sports activities at 6 months.

Adult , Fibula , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Tibia/surgery , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928266


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of tibial coronal curvature on the alignment of tibial prosthesis in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#From July 2019 to April 2021, 100 patients with knee osteoarthritis were treated with total knee arthroplasty. Before operation, the full-length films of lower limbs were taken and the tibial bowing angle(TBA) was measured. TBA more than 2° was tibial bending, which was divided into tibial bending group and non bending group. There were 40 cases in tibial bending group, 9 males and 31 females, aged 56 to 84 years old with an average of (69.22±7.10) years. There were 60 cases in the non bending group, 19 males and 41 females, aged from 51 to 87 years old with an average of (70.80±7.21) years. The preoperative tibial length (TL) and medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) were measured and compared between the two groups. The full-length X-rays of the lower limbs were taken again 3 days to 1 week after operation. The medial angle of the tibial component coronal aligement angle (TCCA) and the outilier rate of force line of the tibial prosthesis were measured and compared between the two groups. Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between TCCA and age, TCCA and height, TCCA and weight, TCCA and BMI, TCCA and TBA, TCCA and TL, TCCA and MPTA; Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation between TCCA and gender, TCCA and Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) grade.@*RESULTS@#All 100 patients successfully completed the operation and obtained satisfactory full-length X-rays in standing position. There was no significant difference in TL, MPTA and TCCA between bending group and non bending group(P>0.05). The outilier rate of force line in tibial bending group was 22.5%, and that in non bending group was 6.67%, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). The correlation study found that TCCA was strongly correlated with TBA(r=-0.702, P<0.01), weakly correlated with MPTA(r=0.311, P<0.01), and had no correlation with other parameters(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with knee osteoarthritis undergoing total knee arthroplasty, tibial bending will lead to poor force line of tibial prosthesis. During operation, attention should be paid to osteotomy of proximal tibial vertical tibial mechanical axis and correct installation of prosthesis to avoid poor alignment of prosthesis.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis/adverse effects , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 268-272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927611


Component malrotation is one of the major causes of failure in total knee arthroplasty.Based on previous researches,Insall line has excessive external rotation tendency.Although Akagi line is the most recognized anatomical axis at present,it still has a certain tendency of internal rotation.The tibial posterior condylar axis is not suitable for symmetrical component and yet the Curve-on-Curve technique is not suitable for anatomic component.In addition,reference to any fixed anatomical markers cannot ensure the rotation consistency of tibiofemoral component in extension position.Although range of motion technique is beneficial to tibiofemoral rotation synchronization,its clinical effect seems to be unstable.Nevertheless,Patients can obtain good postoperative results with all major techniques.Before the recognized "gold standard" is defined,orthopedic surgeons can determine the rotation alignment of tibial component according to their most accustomed surgical method.With a deeper understanding of knee anatomy,biomechanics and kinematics,digital assistive technology may be expected to become a breakthrough in the tibial rotational alignment.

Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Tibia/surgery
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(1): 28-32, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369637


Presentamos el caso clínico de un paciente de cuarenta y un años que ingresa por guardia con dolor agudo de rodilla luego de un traumatismo deportivo (practicando fútbol). Se diagnosticó luxación de la articulación tibioperonea proximal. El tratamiento elegido fue quirúrgico mediante fijación dinámica de la articulación tibioperonea proximal con buena evolución y retorno a la actividad deportiva. Realizamos una búsqueda bibliográfica sobre las últimas publicaciones de dicha patología y sus tratamientos. La luxación de esta articulación proximal es una patología infrecuente y requiere de su sospecha para realizar el diagnóstico inicial. La fijación interna dinámica es una opción de tratamiento válida. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

We present the clinical case of a forty-one-year-old patient who was admitted with acute knee pain after a sports injury (playing football). A diagnosis of dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint was made. Surgical treatment was performed by means of dynamic fixation of the superior tibiofibular joint with good evolution and return to sports activity. We carry out a search on the latest publications presented on this pathology and its treatments. The dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint is an infrequent pathology and requires its suspicion to make the initial diagnosis. Dynamic internal fixation is a valid treatment option. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Athletic Injuries , Tibia/injuries , Knee Dislocation , Return to Sport , Knee Injuries
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367134


Las epifisiólisis tibiales proximales son un cuadro poco frecuente debido a la protección que aportan las estructuras circundantes de dicha zona. Por el desplazamiento que se origina es necesario realizar una exploración vascular junto a una reducción urgente para prevenir la lesión de la arteria poplítea y la aparición de un síndrome compartimental. Presentamos a un varón de 10 años con epifisiólisis de tibia proximal tipo I de Salter-Harris. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Epiphysiolysis of the proximal tibia is a rare injury due to the surrounding structures that protect the area. In displaced fractures, the evaluation of vascular structures is mandatory to detect injury to the popliteal artery or the presence of compartment syndrome. We present a Salter & Harris type I epiphyseal injury of the proximal tibia in a 10-year-old boy Level of Evidence: IV

Child , Tibia , Compartment Syndromes , Epiphyses, Slipped
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(230): 24-28, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358462


Objetivos: Demostrar la utilidad y la facilidad técnica del injerto tibial en defectos óseos orales y maxilofaciales, para tenerlo como un recurso alternativo en la práctica general del cirujano oral y maxilofacial. Caso clínico: Se presenta un caso clínico con el uso de injerto óseo autólogo de tibia para el relleno de un defecto óseo a raíz de una lesión quística. Se realizó la exéresis de la patología quística por medio de un abordaje oral y posteriormente se recolectó hueso medular tibial a través de un abordaje medio al tubérculo anterior de la tibia, para poder colocarlo en el defecto óseo. Conclusión: El injerto de hueso medular de epífisis tibial representa un sitio de recolección de fácil acceso, del que se puede obtener una cantidad de hueso ideal para defectos de pequeño y mediano tamaño de la región maxilofacial, de baja morbilidad y con muy pocas complicaciones post-operatorias, lo que lo convierte en una alternativa para rellenos de cavidades óseas de gran utilidad (AU)

Objective: To demonstrate the utility and technical ease of the tibial graft in oral and maxillofacial bone defects so as to have it as an alternative resource in the general practice of the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Case report: A clinical case is shown with the use of an autologous tibial bone graft to fill a bone defect as a result of a cystic lesion. The cyst was excised by an oral approach and the medial tibial bone was collected through a middle approach to the anterior tubercle of the tibia, to place it in the bone defect. Conclusion: The tibial epiphysis medullary bone graft represents an easily accessible collection site, from which an ideal amount of bone can be obtained for small and mediumsized defects of the maxillofacial region, with low morbidity and very few post-operative complications, which makes it a useful option for bone cavity filling (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Tibia , Dentigerous Cyst/surgery , Bone Transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Osteotomy , Surgical Flaps , Tooth Extraction , Dentigerous Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Mandible
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 813-818, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357147


Abstract Recurrent stress fractures rarely affect the same athlete. We present the case of a female triathlete who suffered multiple stress fractures in both tibias, the right fibula, and the left femoral neck. Conservative treatment was instituted in all episodes, with rest, reduced training load, and physical therapy rehabilitation. The relative energy deficiency in sport syndrome, along with an eating disorder, training overload, and osteopenia, was identified as a risk factor. Although rare, multiple stress fractures can occur in female triathletes. These patients must be screened for risk factors associated with biomechanics, nutrition, and training to develop an effective prevention and treatment program.

Resumo Fraturas por estresse recorrentes num mesmo atleta são raras. Apresentamos o caso de uma triatleta que sofreu múltiplas fraturas por estresse na tíbia bilateral, na fíbula direita e no colo femoral esquerdo. O tratamento conservador foi instituído em todos os episódios, com repouso, redução da carga de treino e reabilitação fisioterápica. Foi identificada como fator de risco a síndrome da deficiência energética relativa no esporte, com distúrbio alimentar, sobrecarga de treino e osteopenia. Mesmo que seja raro, múltiplas fraturas por estresse podem ocorrer em mulheres triatletas, nas quais é importante avaliar os fatores de risco associados à biomecânica, nutrição e ao treinamento para arquitetar um programa de prevenção e tratamento efetivos.

Humans , Female , Adult , Tibia/injuries , Fractures, Stress , Risk Factors , Physical Therapy Modalities , Lower Extremity , Female Athlete Triad Syndrome , Athletes
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(4): 505-511, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339100


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate changes in bone density and architecture in postmenopausal women with breast cancer (BC) and use of aromatase inhibitor (AI). Subjects and methods: Thirty-four postmenopausal women with BC, without bone metastasis, renal function impairment and who were not receiving bone-active drugs were selected from a population of 523 outpatients treated for BC. According to the presence of hormonal receptors, HER2 and Ki67, seventeen had positive hormonal receptors and received anastrozole (AI group), and seventeen were triple-negative receptors (non-AI group), previously treated with chemotherapy. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) analyses were performed by DXA; vBMD and bone microarchitecture were evaluated by HR-pQCT. Fracture risk was estimated using the FRAX tool. Results: No patient referred previous low-impact fracture, and VFA detected one moderate vertebral fracture in a non-AI patient. AI patients showed lower aBMD and BMD T-scores at the hip and 33% radius and a higher proportion of osteoporosis diagnosis on DXA (47%) vs non-AI (17.6%). AI group had significantly lower values for vBMD at the entire, cortical and trabecular bone compartments, cortical and trabecular thickness and BV/TV. They also had a higher risk for major fractures and for hip fractures estimated by FRAX. Several HR-pQCT parameters evaluated at distal radius and distal tibia were significantly associated with fracture risk. Conclusion: AI is associated with alterations in bone density and microarchitecture of both the cortical and trabecular compartments. These findings explain the overall increase in fracture risk in this specific population.

Humans , Female , Osteoporosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Radius , Tibia , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Aromatase Inhibitors/adverse effects
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 313-319, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288667


Abstract Objective The present paper evaluates the resuming of physical activities by young, active patients who practiced some sport modality and underwent a high tibial osteotomy (HTO) using the opening wedge technique. Methods A total of 12 patients submitted to HTO using the opening wedge technique were prospectively analyzed. All patients were not playing sports at that time. Pre- and postoperative Lysholm and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores, visual analog scale for pain and performance level were compared. The average follow-up time was of 12 months. Results One patient resumed sporting activities at a performance level significantly lower compared to the preoperative level, while eight patients returned at a slightly below level, two returned at the same level and one patient returned at a higher level in comparison with the preoperative period. Conclusion For isolated medial osteoarthrosis treatment, HTO using the opening wedge technique has favorable clinical and functional results, allowing patients to resume their sporting activities.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o retorno ao esporte em pacientes jovens e ativos praticantes de alguma modalidade esportiva submetidos a osteotomia tibial alta (OTA) com o método de cunha de abertura. Métodos Foram analisados prospectivamente 12 pacientes submetidos ao procedimento de OTA utilizando-se método de cunha de abertura. Todos os pacientes estavam afastados do esporte. Foram utilizados os escores Lysholm, questionário International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC, na sigla em inglês), escala analógica de dor e nível de retorno em comparação ao período pré-operatório. O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 12 meses. Resultados Um paciente retornou ao esporte em nível muito abaixo do pré-operatório, oito pacientes retornaram em nível pouco abaixo, dois pacientes retornaram no mesmo nível e um paciente retornou em nível acima. Conclusão A OTA com uso do método de cunha de adição como forma de tratamento para osteoartrose medial isolada demonstra resultados clínicos e funcionais favoráveis e permite o retorno ao esporte.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteoarthritis , Osteotomy , Sports , Tibia , Exercise , Surveys and Questionnaires , Return to Sport
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 411-416, Mar.-Apr. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248919


Tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) associated to cranial wedge closing ostectomy (CCWO) has been one of the best options to manage cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease and excessive tibial plateau angle (TPA) in large dogs, however, the complication rate is potentially high. It is believed that a more robust fixation is necessary to stabilize them and decrease the risk of implant failure. A 6-year-old male American Pit Bull, weighing 36kg, with 90-day history of right hind limb lameness, was diagnosed with CCL disease. Due to the excessive tibial plateau angle (42°), TPLO was associated with a modified CCWO using a double plating technique. A final TPA of 12° was accomplished, and a restricted level of exercises and physiotherapy were recommended. The patient was followed monthly until the fifth month postoperatively, when radiographic bone consolidation and no lameness were observed. By the date of this submission, 3 years after the procedure, the owner has reported no complications. The double plating technique for fixing TPLO and modified CCWO proved to be effective for the treatment of CrCL deficiency in a large dog with an excessive TPA.(AU)

A osteotomia de nivelamento do platô tibial (TPLO) associada à ostectomia modificada em cunha de fechamento cranial da tíbia (CCWO) tem sido uma das melhores opções para tratamento de cães grandes com doença do ligamento cruzado cranial (DLCCr) e ângulo excessivo do platô tibial, mas o índice de complicações é alto. Acredita-se haver necessidade de fixação mais robusta para reduzir as chances de falha nos implantes. Um cão macho, seis anos, da raça American Pit Bull, 36kg, com histórico de claudicação em membro pélvico direito há 90 dias, foi diagnosticado com DLCCr. Devido ao ângulo excessivo do platô tibial (42°), a osteotomia de nivelamento do platô tibial foi associada à ostectomia modificada em cunha de fechamento cranial da tíbia (CCWO) por meio da técnica de placa dupla. No pós-operatório imediato, identificou-se TPA de 12°; exercícios controlados e fisioterapia foram recomendados e a evolução do quadro foi analisada mensalmente até o quinto mês pós-cirurgia. Com 150 dias de evolução, não houve alterações de locomoção e havia ocorrido completa consolidação radiográfica das osteotomias. Até o momento da submissão deste artigo, três anos pós-procedimento, o tutor relata ausência de complicações, via contato telefônico. Portanto, a técnica modificada mostrou-se eficaz no tratamento da DLCCr.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Tibia/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/veterinary , Osteotomy/veterinary , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 47-52, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288647


Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury by indirect trauma and increased posterior tibial inclination. Methods Retrospective study, performed by analysis of medical records and digital radiographs of patients, present in a database of a tertiary orthopedic hospital. The sample consisted of two groups, the first group consisting of patients diagnosed with ACL injury by indirect trauma, and a control group matched by age. Results Each group consisted of 275 patients, whose measurements of posterior tibial inclination were measured by three specialists. It was observed that the group of patients with ACL lesion presented a significantly higher tibial slope (in degrees) than the control group in the total sample and in the subsamples stratified by gender. The best cutoff point for the first group was identified as a posterior tibial inclination ≥ 8º, achieving a sensitivity of 63.3% and a specificity of 62.5%. The first group also had a tibial slope ratio ≥ 8º (63.3%), significantly higher than the control group (37.5%), with an odds ratio of 2.8. Conclusion It was concluded that the increase of the posterior tibial inclination is associated with an increased risk for injury of the ACL by indirect trauma, mainly for values ≥ 8º.

Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a relação entre pacientes com lesão do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) por trauma indireto e o aumento da inclinação posterior da tíbia. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, realizado por análise de prontuários e radiografias digitais de pacientes, presentes em banco de dados de um hospital terciário de ortopedia e traumatologia. A amostra foi composta por dois grupos, sendo o primeiro formado por pacientes com diagnóstico de lesão do LCA, por trauma indireto, e um grupo controle pareado por idade. Resultados Cada grupo foi formado por 275 pacientes, cujas medidas de inclinação tibial posterior foram aferidas por 3 especialistas. Observou-se que o grupo dos pacientes com lesão do LCA apresentou slope tibial (em graus) significativamente maior que o grupo controle na amostra total e nas subamostras estratificadas por gênero. Identificou-se como o melhor ponto de corte (cutoff) para o primeiro grupo uma inclinação tibial posterior ≥ 8º, atingindo uma sensibilidade de 63,3% e uma especificidade de 62,5%. O primeiro grupo também apresentou proporção de slope tibial ≥ 8º (63,3%), significativamente maior que o grupo controle (37,5%), com razão de chances de 2,8. Conclusão Concluiu-se que o aumento da inclinação tibial posterior está associado com um maior risco para lesão do LCA por trauma indireto, principalmente para valores ≥ 8º,

Humans , Tibia , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Knee Injuries , Ligaments
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921936


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the femoral and tibial tunnel positions of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the modified transtibial (MTT) technique and anteromedial (AM) portal technique.@*METHODS@#Between January 2017 and September 2020, 78 patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture underwent single-bundle reconstruction with the modified transtibial technique in 39 cases (group MTT) and through anteromedial approach in 39 cases (group AM). There were 25 males and 14 females in group MTT, with an average age of (37.0±2.3) years old; 27 males and 12 females in group AM, with an average age of (37.5±2.2) years old. CT scan of the affected knee was conducted one week after the surgery to measure and compare the femoral tunnels positioning (Fx, Fy), tibial tunnels positioning in the frontal plane(Tx1), tibial tunnels positioning in the sagittal plane (Ty1), and tibial tunnels positioning in the axial plane (Tx2, Ty2) in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction through Mimics software.@*RESULTS@#Three-dimensional CT reconstruction after the surgery showed that the average Fx and Fy were(25.2±2.1)% and (34.9±3.0)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (45.5±3.3)% and (44.7± 3.0)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.0±3.0)% and (39.9±4.2)% respectively in group MTT. In group AM, the average Fx and Fy were (26.0±2.0)% and (36.1±3.9)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (46.5±3.1)% and (45.6± 3.1)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.4±2.5)% and (39.6±3.9)% respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the femoral and tibial tunnels between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the MTT and AM technique can achieve good anatomical positioning of the femoral and tibial tunnels, without significant differences in the positioning of the bone tunnels.

Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Software , Tibia/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921927


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of one-stage treatment of bone morphogenetic protein 2 combined with Jifusheng in the experimental model of osteomyelitis in rabbits.@*METHODS@#The model of chronic osteomyelitis of tibia was established in 30 3-month-old male New Zealand white rabbits with a body weight of (2.0±0.5) kg, and the model was verified 4 weeks after operation. Thirty rabbits with osteomyelitis were randomly divided into 3 groups with 10 rabbits in each group (@*RESULTS@#At 4 weeks after operation, 30 rabbits with osteomyelitis were successfully validated. The results of serological examination showed that the hypersensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell count(WBC)in the model group were significantly higher than those in the blank group at 2 and 4 weeks after operation. Eight weeks after treatment, the detection of blood indexes showed that the white blood cell count (WBC)and hypersensitive C reactive protein (CRP)in treatment group A and treatment group B were significantly lower than those in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined application of apolipoprotein 2-Jifusheng can promote bone repair and reduce the inflammation of the focus. it can treat rabbits with osteomyelitis in one stage, provide objective basis for the formulation of clinical treatment strategy of osteomyelitis and further promote clinical research.

Animals , Apolipoproteins , Bone Density , Bone and Bones , Male , Osteomyelitis/drug therapy , Rabbits , Tibia
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921900


OBJECTIVE@#To explore effect and significance of lateral closed high tibial osteotomy on recovery of activity of knee joint.@*METHODS@#From February to December 2018, 78 patients with knee osteoarthritis who were treated by high tibial osteotomy for the first time were selected as the observation group, including 46 males and 32 females, aged from 55 to 73 years old with an average age of (61.78±6.39) years old, the course of disease ranged from 6 to 24 months with an average of (16.52±4.25) months;according to Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading, 36 patients were gradeⅡand 42 patients were grade Ⅲ. Another 20 healthy people were selected as healthy group, including 13 males and 7 females, aged from 56 to 73 years old with an average of (60.89±7.12) years old. The expression of miR-146 in peripheral blood was compared between observation group and healthy group. At the same time, patients in observation group were followed up for 6 months. The patients whose knee joint function returned to normal or improved significantly during the follow-up period were admitted as the effective group, while the patients whose knee joint function did not improve significantly or tended to aggravate were admitted as the ineffective group. The clinical data and the relative expression of serum miR-146 between effective group and ineffective group were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The relative expression of serum miR-146 in observation group after operation was significantly higher than that in healthy group (@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of serum miR-146 showed upward trend, which could regulate the differentiation of chondrocyte. The monitoring of miR-146 after operation has reference value for predicting the recovery of bone and joint function after operation.

Aged , Female , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , MicroRNAs/genetics , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2316-2321, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921157


BACKGROUND@#Multiple techniques are commonly used for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. However, the optimum method regarding the fixation of PCL reconstruction after PCL tears remains debatable. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties among three different tibial fixation procedures for transtibial single-bundle PCL reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six porcine tibias and porcine extensor tendons were randomized into three fixation study groups: the interference screw fixation (IS) group, the transtibial tubercle fixation (TTF) group, and TTF + IS group (n = 12 in each group). The structural properties of the three fixation groups were tested under cyclic loading and load-to-failure. The slippage after the cyclic loading test and the stiffness and ultimate failure load after load-to-failure testing were recorded.@*RESULTS@#After 1000 cycles of cyclic testing, no significant difference was observed in graft slippage among the three groups. For load-to-failure testing, the TTF + IS group showed a higher ultimate failure load than the TTF group and the IS group (876.34 ± 58.78 N vs. 660.92 ± 77.74 N [P < 0.001] vs. 556.49 ± 65.33 N [P < 0.001]). The stiffness in the TTF group was significantly lower than that in the IS group and the TTF + IS group (92.77 ± 20.16 N/mm in the TTF group vs. 120.27 ± 15.66 N/m in the IS group [P = 0.001] and 131.79 ± 17.95 N/mm in the TTF + IS group [P < 0.001]). No significant difference in the mean stiffness was found between the IS group and the TTF + IS group (P = 0.127).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this biomechanical study, supplementary fixation with transtibial tubercle sutures increased the ultimate failure load during load-to-failure testing for PCL reconstruction.

Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Sutures , Swine , Tendons/surgery , Tibia/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879463


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of modified transverse tibial bone transfer microcirculation reconstruction in treating end-stage diabetic foot.@*METHODS@#From August 2016 to June 2018, 87 patients with diabetic foot treated with modified tibial transverse bone removal and microcirculation reconstruction, inclduing 54 males and 33 females;aged from 39 to 95 years old with an average of (68.9±11.3) years old;2 patients were grade 2, 37 patients were grade 3 and 50 patients were grade 4 according to Wagner's classification;the courses of diabetic were for 10 to 16 years with an average of (13.0±2.2) years;the courses of diabetic feet were for 21 to 48 days with an avergae of (34.2±8.6) days. Postoperative comlications were observed. Skin temperature, visual analogue scale(VAS) and ankle brachial index(ABI) and wound healing were recorded before and 3 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 4 to 19 months with an average of (12.6±2.8) months. Two patients occurred subcutaneous tissue liquefaction and seepage under needle passage during bone transfer, and scabed without special treatment. One patient was performed amputation above 5 cm of ankle joint because of severe infection, and 1 patient occurred re-ulceration at 1 year after wound healing, bone transfer was performed again at the same site, and was completely healed at 8 weeks after operation. The healing time of wound ranged from 3 to 24 weeks with an average of (11.9± 3.8) weeks. Foot skin temperature before operation was (28.9±0.91) ℃, and increased to (31.70±0.32)℃ at 3 months after operation(@*CONCLUSION@#Modified lateral tibial bone transfer could effectively reconstruct microvascular network under lower leg, promote recovery of peripheral blood vessels, and promote wound healing of foot, reduce or avoid amputation. At the same time, the improved osteotomy is one of the effective methods for the treatment of diabetic foot which has advantags of less trauma, simple opertaion.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Transplantation , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Tibia , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879461


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar approach with semiextended position in treating tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2019, 23 patients with tibia fractures were treated with suprapatellar approach intramedullary nailing on knee semiextended position, including 18 males and 5 females, aged from 26 to 67 years old with an average age of (38.5±9.6) years old. Eight patients were tibial proximal fractures, 7 patients were tibial shaft fractures, 6 patients were tibial distal fractures and 2 patients were tibial segmental fractures. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications and fracture healing time were recorded. Range of motivation of knee joint between 3 days and 3 months after operation were compared, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 19 months with an average of (12.3±7.6) months. Operation time was (55.3±5.1) min, intraoperative blood loss was (84.0±8.7) ml. No obvious complications occurred. All patients were achieved bony union at stageⅠ, fracture healing time ranged from 3 to 8 months with an average of (4.6±1.5) months. Flexion extension range of knee motion at 3 days after operation was (110.4±15.3)°, and increased to (123.7±16.5)° at 3 months after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar approach with semiextended position in treating tibia fractureshas advantages of simple operation, less trauma for soft tissue, less pain, rapid recovery of function and less complication. It is especially suitable for patients with tibial multi-segment fracture and multiple fractures of ipsilateral lower limb for safety and simple.

Adult , Aged , Bone Nails , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879455


OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to research whether anterior tibial crest is a reliable anatomical reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA.@*METHODS@#The study included 122 patients who underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) examination for unilateral lower extremity trauma with normal contralateral lower extremities, including 89 males and 33 females, with an average age of(51.4±16.4) years old(ranged 18 to 81 years old). Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) was used to mark 11 lines including the surgical epicondylar axis (SEA) connecting the most prominent points of the lateral epicondyle and the deepest point of the sulcus on the medial epicondyle of the femur, axis of medial border of patellar tendon (MEPT)connecting the middle of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and medial border of the patellar tendon at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, transverse axis of tibia (TAT) at the level of a standard tibial cut from 8 mm distal of the lateral tibial joint surface, Akagi line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of the patellar tendon at the tibial attachment, the axis of the medial 1/3 of patellar tendon(M1/3) connecting the projected middle of PCL and the medial 1/3 of the patellar tendon at the patellar tendon attachment level, Insall line connecting the projected middle of the PCL and the medial 1/3 of tibial tubercle, the axis of medial border of tibial tubercle (MBTT) connecting the projected middle of the PCL and medial border of tibial tubercle, as well as the axis of the proximal anterior tibial crest (PATC), axis 1 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC1), axis 2 of the middle anterior tibial crest (MATC2) and the axis of the distal anterior tibial crest (DATC) which were marked by connecting the 4 equidistant points on the sharp anterior tibial crest and the projected middle of the PCL. The angles between TAT and SEA as well as the angles between other axes and the perpendicular to SEA were measured. Pairwise differences among the 10 tibial axes were examined using One-Way ANOVA and paired @*RESULTS@#The angles between the axes of MEPT, Akagi line, M1/3, Insall line, MBTT, PATC, MATC1, MATC2, DATC and the perpendicular to SEA were (-1.6 ±4.5)° , (1.4 ±5.0)° , (10.2±5.1)°, (11.9±5.4)°, (3.6±4.8)°, (12.0±6.9)°, (7.2±8.6)°, (7.1±10.4)°, (6.6±13.5)°, respectively. The angle between TAT and SEA was (4.1±5.3)°. MEPT was external rotation compared to SEA. M1/3, Insall line and PATC were significantly greater than Akagi line, MBTT, TAT (@*CONCLUSION@#The middle tibial anterior crest can be used as a reference for rotational alignment of tibial component in TKA, and its reliability is better than Insall line, but worse than Akagi line, TAT and MBTT.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Rotation , Tibia/surgery , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879452


OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar, infrapatellar and paracpatellar approach in treating tibial shaft fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2012 to June 2018, 36 patients with tibial shaft fracture were treated with intramedullary nails, and were divided into three groups according to surgical approach. Twleve patients were through suprapatellar approach, including 7 males and 5 females aged from 25 to 53 years old with an average of (37.8±11.4) years old;and 4 patients were type A, 4 patients were type B, and 4 patients were type C according to AO classification. Ten patients were through infrapatellar approach, including 6 males and 4 females aged from 19 to 56 years old with an average of (35.6±10.0) years old;and 3 patients were type A, 4 patients were type B, and 3 patients were type C according to AO classification. Forteen patients were through paracpatellar approach, including 8 males and 6 females aged from 21 to 58 years old with an average of (36.6±10.0) years old;and 4 patients were type A, 6 patients were type B, and 4 patients were type C according to AO classification. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, fracture healing time and complications among three groups were observed, and knee joint functions were evaluated by Lysholm score.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.0±3.0) months. There were no difference in intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar for the treatment of tibial shaft fracture is benefit for fracture healing and recovery of knee joint function, while infrapatellar and paracpatellar approach have advantages in exposure of insertion point. We should select approach reasonably according to our experience.

Adult , Bone Nails , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult