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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 694-697, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376774

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Cervicalgia generally refers to the pain syndrome caused by the cervical spine, joints, muscles, ligaments, fascia, soft tissues around the shoulder joint, and visceral diseases. Evidence suggests that resistance exercises are beneficial in solving this dysfunction in various groups, but there is no consensus in athletes. Objective This paper examines functional exercises' effect on athletes' cervicalgia. Methods Using mathematical statistics, the article randomizes equally the intensity of cervicalgia in the control and experimental groups, involving 60 individuals aged 18 to 20 years (31 males). While the control group received conventional rehabilitation treatment, the experimental group had a functional exercise training protocol three times a week, of 10 weeks. The pain was assessed by visual analog scale and self-assessment of functional limitation. Results Differences in shoulder and neck pain were found between the two groups of volunteers before and after the training rehabilitation. A complete improvement was seen in 15 subjects in the experimental group versus 8 in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Functional exercise effectively treats cervicalgia in athletes. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução A cervicalgia geralmente refere-se à síndrome de dor causada pela coluna cervical, articulações, músculos, ligamentos, fáscia, tecidos moles ao redor da articulação do ombro e doenças viscerais. Há evidências de que exercícios de resistência são benéficos para a resolução dessa disfunção em vários grupos, mas não há consenso da eficácia dos exercícios de resistência no combate à cervicalgia em esportistas. Objetivo Este artigo analisa o efeito dos exercícios funcionais na cervicalgia em esportistas. Métodos O artigo usa estatísticas matemáticas para controle randomizado equalitário na intensidade da cervicalgia nos grupos controle e experimental, envolvendo 60 indivíduos com idade entre 18 a 20 anos (31 homens). Enquanto o grupo controle passa por um tratamento de reabilitação convencional, o grupo experimental passa por um protocolo de treinamento em exercícios funcionais, na frequência de 3 vezes semanais por 2 meses e meio. A dor foi avaliada pela escala visual analógica e auto-avaliação de limitação funcional. Resultados Houve diferenças nas dores no ombro e pescoço entre os dois grupos de voluntários, antes e depois do treinamento de reabilitação. Houve melhora completa do quadro em 15 indivíduos no grupo experimental contra 8 no grupo controle (P<0,05). Conclusão O exercício funcional trata efetivamente cervicalgia nos esportistas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción La cervicalgia se refiere generalmente al síndrome de dolor causado por la columna cervical, las articulaciones, los músculos, los ligamentos, la fascia, los tejidos blandos alrededor de la articulación del hombro y los trastornos viscerales. Existen pruebas de que los ejercicios de resistencia son beneficiosos para la resolución de esta disfunción en varios grupos, pero no hay consenso sobre la eficacia de los ejercicios de resistencia para combatir la cervicalgia en los deportistas. Objetivo Este artículo analiza el efecto de los ejercicios funcionales sobre la cervicalgia en los deportistas. Métodos El artículo utiliza estadísticas matemáticas para el control aleatorio de la intensidad del dolor de cuello en los grupos de control y experimental, en el que participaron 60 individuos de entre 18 y 20 años (31 hombres). Mientras que el grupo de control se somete a un tratamiento de rehabilitación convencional, el grupo experimental se somete a un protocolo de entrenamiento de ejercicios funcionales, con una frecuencia de 3 veces por semana durante 2 meses y medio. El dolor se evaluó mediante una escala analógica visual y la autoevaluación de la limitación funcional. Resultados Hubo diferencias en el dolor de hombro y cuello entre los dos grupos de voluntarios antes y después del entrenamiento de rehabilitación. Hubo una mejora completa en 15 individuos del grupo experimental frente a 8 del grupo de control (P<0,05). Conclusión El ejercicio funcional trata eficazmente la cervicalgia en los deportistas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Neck Pain/rehabilitation , Athletes , Endurance Training , Case-Control Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): e226-e230, oct. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395843

ABSTRACT

Los hemangiomas infantiles (HI) son los tumores benignos más frecuentes de la infancia; la variante segmentaria es rara y se asocia con un mal pronóstico. Una de sus principales complicaciones es la ulceración durante la fase de crecimiento del tumor, a pesar de no presentar características macroscópicas compatibles con una lesión agresiva. El manejo en estos casos es dificultoso e impone la necesidad de asociar múltiples estrategias, algunas orientadas específicamente a impedir la proliferación del hemangioma y otras orientadas a la curación de la herida, el manejo del dolor y la prevención de la infección agregada. Presentamos dos casos a fin de comunicar nuestra experiencia respecto del manejo de dicha patología y su evolución final.


Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign tumors of childhood, and segmental ones are rare and associated with a poor prognosis. While these tumors look harmless, one of their main related complications is ulceration during tumor growth. The management in these cases is extremely challenging, requiring a combination of multiple approaches, some specifically aimed at preventing the proliferation of the hemangioma and others aimed at wound care, pain management, and prevention of further infection. Here we discuss two cases to narrate our experience on the management of this condition and its outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Skin Ulcer/etiology , Skin Ulcer/drug therapy , Hemangioma/complications , Propranolol , Ulcer/etiology , Administration, Oral , Treatment Outcome , Hemangioma/drug therapy
3.
Rev. ADM ; 79(4): 204-208, jul.-ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395675

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la caries es una enfermedad compleja que afecta a cualquier edad. La prevalencia es mayor en la primera dentición, sobre todo en población con baja percepción económica. El fluoruro diamino de plata (FDP) al 38% ha sido utilizado como una alter- nativa de tratamiento para esta enfermedad. Funciona como una solución remineralizante y cariostática. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto remineralizante del FDP al 38% en dentina afectada por lesiones de caries en molares temporales. Material y métodos: estudio clínico, epidemiológico, descriptivo, longitudinal y experimental. Se llevó a cabo en molares de primera dentición de niños de tres a cinco años de edad. Los niños seleccionados tenían molares con lesiones cariosas dentinarias, Pitts las denomina D3. No se incluyeron niños con dientes que presentaron patologías pulpares irreversibles. La aplicación del FDP al 38% la efectuó un operador entrenado para esta finalidad. Se utilizaron los criterios de Nyvad para determinar el grado de dureza de la dentina y con ello deducir su remineraliza- ción. Se observó la permanencia de la remineralización efectuada por un periodo de cinco meses. Resultado y conclusión: el FDP es un compuesto eficaz en 91% de los casos en un periodo de cinco meses o más (AU)


Introduction: dental caries is a complex disease that affects any age. The prevalence is higher in primary dentition, especially in a population with low economic perception. 38% silver diamine fluoride (FDP) has been used as an alternative treatment for this disease. It works as a remineralizing and cariostatic solution. Objective: to evaluate the remineralizing effect of 38% FDP on dentin affected by dental caries, in temporary molars. Material and methods: clinical, epidemiological, descriptive, longitudinal and experimental study. It was carried out in temporary molars of children between three and five years of age. The selected children presented molars with dental carious lesions, Pitts calls them D3. Children with teeth that presented irreversible pulp pathologies were not included. The application of the FDP to 38% was carried out by an operator trained for this purpose. The Nyvad criteria were used to determine the degree of hardness of the dentin and thereby deduce its remineralization. The permanence of the remineralization carried out was observed for a period of five months. Result and conclusion: the FDP is an effective compound in 91% of the cases, in a period of five months or more (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Silver Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Caries , Fluorides/therapeutic use , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dentin/drug effects , Diamines/therapeutic use
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e187-e191, Agosto 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1379154

ABSTRACT

El hemangioendotelioma epiteloide hepático (HEHE) es un tumor vascular raro de menor malignidad que el hemangiosarcoma. En los poco frecuentes casos unilobulares, puede indicarse hepatectomía parcial con riesgo de recurrencia agresiva; en enfermedad hepática extensa, incluso con compromiso extrahepático, el trasplante hepático ha resultado efectivo. Las metástasis son más frecuentes en pulmón,peritoneo, ganglios linfáticos, bazo y sistema nervioso. Se presenta el caso de un adolescente asintomático con HEHE con metástasis pulmonares y compromiso ganglionar abdominal que recibió trasplante hepático con evolución favorable.


Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is a rare vascular tumor of less malignancy than hemangiosarcoma. In the rare unilobar cases, partial hepatectomy may be indicated with risk of aggressive recurrence; in extensive liver disease, even with extrahepatic involvement, liver transplantation has been performed successfully. Metastases are more common in the lung, peritoneum, lymph nodes, spleen, and nervous system. We present the case of an asymptomatic adolescent with HEHE with lung metastases and abdominal lymph node involvement who received a liver transplant with a favorable outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Liver Transplantation , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid/surgery , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid/diagnosis , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 131-139, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394418

ABSTRACT

Background: The relative rarity of synchronous para-aortic lymph node (PALN) metastasis (SPM) and metachronous PALN recurrence (MPR) in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients leads to a limited number of studies on patient management, and no treatment guidelines have been established to date. Objective: To assess the prognostic, predictive roles, and long-term outcomes of different management strategies for isolated MPR and SPM in CRC patients to establish the best one. Materials and Methods: We included 35 CRC patients with isolated MPR and 25 patients with isolated SPM who underwent curative R0 resection. We performed PALN dissection (PALND) in 15 cases in MPR group and in 10 cases in the SPM group; all remaining patients in both groups underwent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) without further surgical intervention. During the study period of about 5 years, we compared the patients who underwent PALND and those who underwent CRT. Results: The overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates were significantly longer in patients who underwent PALND (p = 0.049 and 0.036 respectively). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnosis , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Chemoradiotherapy , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 159-166, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394419

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The optimal rectal cancer care is achieved by a multidisciplinary approach, with a high-quality surgical resection, with complete mesorectal excision and adequate margins. New approaches like the transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) aim to achieve these goals, maximizing the sphincter preservation ratio, with good oncologic and functional results. This report describes a way to implement TaTME without a proctor, presents the first case series of this approach in a center experienced in rectal cancer, and compares the results with those of the international literature. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of the first 10 consecutive patients submitted to TaTME for rectal cancer at our institution. The primary outcomes were postoperative complications, pathological specimen quality and local recurrence rate. The results and performance were compared with the outcomes of a known structured program with proctorship and with the largest meta-analysis on this topic. Results: All patients had locally advanced cancer; therefore, all underwent neoadjuvant therapy. A total of 30% had postoperative complications, without mortality or re-admissions. In comparison with the structured training program referred, no differences were found in postoperative complications and reintervention rates, resulting in a similar quality of resection. Comparing these results with those of the largest meta-analysis on the subject, no differences in the postoperative complication rates were found, and very similar outcomes regarding anastomotic leaks and oncological quality of resection were registered. Conclusion: The results of this study validate the safety and effectiveness of our pathway regarding the implementation of the TaTME approach, highlighting the fact that it should be done in a center with proficiency in minimally invasive rectal surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Health Profile , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Neoplasm Staging
7.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(2): 117-125, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Cognitive, neuropsychiatric and functional deficits are core symptoms of dementia. Non- -pharmacological interventions, such as music therapy, when used in conjunction with pharmacological treatment, have the potential to alleviate these symptoms. The purpose of this preliminary study is to examine the active music therapy on cognition and neuropsychiatric symptoms in the elderly with mild and moderate dementia. METHODS: The initial sample consisted of outpatients with dementia (N = 15) and their family members or caregivers (N = 15). Two dyads did not complete the assessments before intervention and were excluded from the analysis. Thirteen females (N = 13) comprised the final sampled and were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (N = 10), vascular dementia (N = 2) and mixed dementia (N = 1), at mild (N = 11) and moderate (N = 2) dementia stage. Participants were enrolled in an open-label trial of active music therapy group, set to take place once weekly for 60 minutes over a period of 12 weeks. RESULTS: Participants experienced a slight improvement on cognition measured with Mini-Mental State Examination (p = 0.41), although without statistical significance and a statistically significant decrease in anxiety (p = 0.042) in post-intervention. There were no significant effects on quality of life and caregiver burden. CONCLUSIONS: Active music therapy is a promising intervention with good acceptance among participants. More studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm its effects and efficacy in cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia.


OBJETIVO: Distúrbios cognitivos, comportamentais e funcionais são sintomas nucleares na demência. Intervenções não farmacológicas, como a musicoterapia, quando usadas em conjunto com o tratamento farmacológico, têm o potencial de aliviar esses sintomas. O objetivo deste estudo preliminar é examinar a musicoterapia ativa na cognição e nos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos em idosos com demência leve e moderada. MÉTODOS: A amostra inicial foi composta por pacientes ambulatoriais com demência (N = 15) e seus familiares ou cuidadores (N = 15). Duas duplas não completaram as avaliações antes da intervenção e foram excluídas da análise. Treze mulheres (N = 13) compuseram a amostra final e foram diagnosticadas com doença de Alzheimer (N = 10), demência vascular (N = 2) e demência mista (N = 1), nos estágios leve (N = 11) e moderado (N = 2). Os participantes foram inscritos em um estudo aberto de grupo de musicoterapia ativa, programado para ocorrer uma vez por semana, com duração de 60 minutos, durante o período de 12 semanas. RESULTADOS: Os participantes experimentaram uma discreta melhora cognitiva medida pelo Miniexame do Estado Mental (p = 0.41), embora sem significância estatística, e uma diminuição estatisticamente significativa na ansiedade (p = 0.042) na pós-intervenção. Não houve efeitos significativos na qualidade de vida e sobrecarga do cuidador. CONCLUSÕES: A musicoterapia ativa é uma intervenção promissora, com boa aceitação entre os participantes. Mais estudos com amostras maiores são necessários para confirmar seus efeitos e eficácia em sintomas cognitivos e neuropsiquiátricos na demência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dementia/diagnosis , Dementia/therapy , Music Therapy , Behavioral Symptoms , Treatment Outcome , Cognition , Mental Status and Dementia Tests
8.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 37(1): e202, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1390039

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ejercicio físico, integrando la rehabilitación cardíaca (RC), tiene un efecto positivo demostrado en el pronóstico de los pacientes con enfermedad cardiovascular, optimizando el rendimiento cardíaco en términos de capacidad funcional. Mediante los programas de RC se pretende obtener los máximos beneficios clínicos del ejercicio físico con un mínimo riesgo para el paciente. Objetivos: Evaluar la seguridad y eficacia de un programa de RC extrahospitalario en pacientes de todos los niveles de riesgo, monitorizando con cardiotacómetros (instrumento de pulsera que detecta frecuencia cardíaca y permite programar alarmas) a pacientes de moderado y alto riesgo, con base en la ausencia de complicaciones cardíacas graves y la mejoría funcional de los participantes. Material y métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva, sometida a un plan de RC durante 12 semanas en el período comprendido entre enero de 2014 y marzo de 2020. Se evaluaron parámetros clínicos y funcionales al inicio y al final del plan de rehabilitación, controlando la tolerancia al esfuerzo, la presión arterial y la frecuencia cardíaca mediante el uso de cardiotacómetros. Resultados: Se incluyeron 181 pacientes, con edad promedio de 58,7 ± 9,7 años, 87,8% del sexo masculino, mayoritariamente portadores de cardiopatía isquémica (90,1%). Según la clasificación de la Asociación Americana de Rehabilitación Cardiovascular y Pulmonar, 54 pacientes (29,8%) eran de alto riesgo, 29 (16,0%) de moderado riesgo y 98 (54,1%) de bajo riesgo. En más de 10.000 horas de actividad física realizadas, un paciente requirió el implante de un marcapaso definitivo por bloqueo auriculoventricular completo, sin observarse otras complicaciones graves. Se obtuvo una mejoría significativa (p = 0,001) de la capacidad funcional, que aumentó de 7,34 ± 2,68 a 10,20 ± 2,35 METs (incremento relativo individual promedio 28,1%). Conclusiones: La RC es un tratamiento seguro y efectivo en los pacientes cardiópatas, aún en aquellos de moderado y alto riesgo. El uso de cardiotacómetros permite una adecuada monitorización del ejercicio y una oportuna detección de complicaciones.


Introduction: physical exercise, integrating cardiac rehabilitation (CR), has a proven positive effect on the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease, optimizing cardiac performance in terms of functional capacity. CR programs aim to obtain maximum clinical benefits with minimal risks to the patient. Objectives: assess the safety and efficacy of a cardiotachometer-monitored out-of-hospital CR program in high- and moderate-risk patients, based on the absence of major cardiac complications and improvement in participant's functional capacity. Materials and methods: retrospective cohort study, submitted to a CR plan for 12 weeks in the period between January 2014 and March 2020. Clinical and functional parameters were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of the rehabilitation plan, controlling effort tolerance, blood pressure and heart rate using cardiotachometers. Results: 181 patients were included, aged 58.7 ± 9.7 years and 87.8% female, of whom 90% were carriers of ischemic heart disease. According to the classification of the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation, the patients were distributed as follows: 54 (29.8%) at high risk, 29 (16.0%) at intermediate risk, and 98 (54.1%) low risk. In more than ten thousand hours of physical activity performed, one patient required implantation of a permanent pacemaker due to complete atrioventricular block. A significant improvement (p = 0.001) of the functional capacity, from 7.34 ± 2.68 to 10.2 ± 2.35 (mean relative improvement: 28.1%.) was obtained. Conclusions: the CR is a safe and effective procedure for cardiac patients, even in moderate or high-risk subjects. The use of cardiotachometers allows adequate exercise monitoring and timely detection of complications.


Introdução: o exercício físico, integrando a reabilitação cardíaca (RC), tem comprovado efeito positivo no prognóstico de pacientes com doença cardiovascular, otimizando o desempenho cardíaco em termos de capacidade funcional. Os programas de RC visam obter o máximo de benefícios clínicos com riscos mínimos para o paciente. Objetivos: avaliar a segurança e eficácia de um programa de RC fora do hospital monitorado por cardiotacômetro em pacientes de alto e moderado risco, com base na ausência de complicações cardíacas maiores e na melhora da capacidade funcional dos participantes. Materiais e métodos: trata-se de um estudo descritivo, de um plano de RC de 12 semanas, em um período entre janeiro de 2014 a março de 2020. Os parâmetros clínicos e funcionais foram avaliados no início e no final do plano de reabilitação, a tolerância ao esforço, pressão arterial e frequência cardíaca utilizando cardiotacômetros. Resultados: foram incluídos 181 pacientes, com média de idade de 58,7 ± 9,7 anos e 87,8% do sexo masculino, dos quais 90% eram portadores de cardiopatia isquêmica. De acordo com a classificação da Associação Americana de Reabilitação Cardiovascular e Pulmonar, os pacientes foram distribuídos da seguinte forma: 54 (29,8%) de alto risco, 29 (16,0%) de risco intermediário e 98 (54,1%) de baixo risco. Em mais de dez mil horas de atividade física realizada, um paciente necessitou de implante de marcapasso definitivo por bloqueio atrioventricular total. A avaliação final mostrou melhora significativa (p = 0,001) na capacidade funcional medida em METs; este passou de 7,34 ± 2,68 para 10,2 ± 2,35 (melhora relativa média: 28,1%). Conclusões: este trabalho demonstra que a RC é um tratamento seguro e eficaz para pacientes com doenças cardíacas, mesmo em indivíduos de risco moderado e alto. O uso de cardiotacômetros permite o monitoramento adequado do exercício e a detecção oportuna de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Myocardial Ischemia/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy , Cardiac Rehabilitation , Heart Failure/rehabilitation , Heart Valve Diseases/rehabilitation , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ergometry , Electrocardiography , Secondary Prevention , Heart Rate Determination
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383553

ABSTRACT

Las luxaciones traumáticas de cadera son poco frecuentes, y es excepcional la asociación lesional con fracturas del extremo proximal de fémur, habitualmente producidas por accidentes de alta energía. Un correcto diagnóstico, y tratamiento adecuado de la fractura, es la conducta ideal para disminuir las complicaciones. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino 49 años trabajador de la construcción que, en un accidente de tránsito, sufre una luxación de cadera asociado a fractura de cuello femoral, con excepcional presentación radiológica, con lesión del nervio CPE (ciático poplíteo externo), en que se realizó artroplastia total de cadera, con buena evolución y rehabilitación, retornando a su actividad laboral a los 11 meses del accidente. A propósito de este caso, realizamos una revisión bibliográfica para evaluar el tratamiento propuesto, el ideal, y pronóstico funcional de estas lesiones.


Traumatic hip dislocations are rare, and associated injuries involving fractures of the proximal end of the femur, usually as a result of high-energy accidents, are exceptional. A correct diagnosis and adequate treatment of the fracture is the most appropriate way to reduce complications. We present the case of a 49-year-old male construction worker who, as a result of a traffic accident, suffers from a hip dislocation associated with a femoral neck fracture, with exceptional radiological presentation, with injury to the EPS (External Popliteal Sciatic) nerve. Total hip arthropathy was performed, with good evolution and rehabilitation, and patient returned to work 11 months after the accident. In this particular case, we carried out a bibliographic review to evaluate the proposed treatment, the ideal treatment, and the functional prognosis of these injuries.


As luxações traumáticas do quadril são raras, e a associação de lesão com fraturas da extremidade proximal do fêmur, geralmente causada por acidentes de alta energia, é excepcional. O diagnóstico correto e o tratamento adequado da fratura é a abordagem ideal para reduzir as complicações. Apresentamos o caso de um operário da construção civil, 49 anos, que, em acidente de trânsito, sofre luxação de quadril associada a fratura do colo do fêmur, com apresentação radiológica excepcional, com lesão do nervo ciático poplíteo externo (CPE), em onde foi realizada a artroplastia total do quadril, com boa evolução e reabilitação, retornando ao trabalho 11 meses após o acidente. Em relação a este caso, realizamos uma revisão bibliográfica para avaliar o tratamento proposto, o ideal e o prognóstico funcional dessas lesões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femoral Neck Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Hip Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Femoral Neck Fractures/complications , Hip Dislocation/etiology
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383556

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se describe la evolución de un paciente que recibe morfina intratecal mediante una bomba de infusión, que le fuera implantada hace 14 años para tratamiento de su dolor lumbar crónico post-laminectomía. Material y método: Requería la administración de 60 mg/día de morfina subcutánea que le provocaban efectos secundarios que no toleraba, y múltiples internaciones para control del dolor. Se le implantó una bomba de infusión continua (Isomed) conectada a un catéter subaracnoideo, que libera 1 ml/día, y requiere ser llenada cada 60 días. Resultados: Se observó una disminución del dolor promedio de 50% al año, y de 75% a los 6 y 14 años. Requirió un aumento progresivo de las dosis de llenado, que pasaron de 30 mg de morfina (0.5 mg/día) al inicio, a 40 mg de morfina (0.66 mg /día) al año, a 70 mg de morfina (1.16 mg/día) a los 6 años, a 140 mg (2.33 mg/día) a los 14 años. No se registraron complicaciones médicas graves. Mantuvo constipación y sudoración durante todo el período, e instaló un hipogonadismo secundario con trastornos de la libido y de la erección que fueron corregidos con la administración de testosterona. No requirió más internaciones por dolor. No se observaron complicaciones relacionadas con el funcionamiento o llenado de la bomba, ni vinculadas al catéter. El paciente manifestó estar satisfecho con el implante. Discusión: A pesar del aumento de las dosis de llenado, expresión del desarrollo de tolerancia, las dosis de morfina/día requeridas son francamente inferiores al límite recomendado. Conclusiones: El balance del riesgo-beneficio del implante resultó positivo, considerando el mejor control del dolor logrado, las menores dosis de morfina utilizadas, así como la ausencia de complicaciones graves y de internaciones para control del dolor.


Introduction: The evolution of a patient receiving intrathecal morphine through an infusion pump that was implanted 14 years ago for the treatment of chronic post-laminectomy low back pain is described. Material and method: It required the administration of 60 mg / day of subcutaneous morphine that caused side effects that did not tolerate, and multiple hospitalizations for pain control. He was implanted with a continuous infusion pump (Isomed) connected to a subarachnoid catheter, which releases 1 ml / day, and needs to be filled every 60 days. Results: An average pain decrease of 50% per year, and 75% at 6 and 12 years was observed. It required a progressive increase in filling doses, which went from 30 mg of morphine (0.5 mg / day) at the beginning, to 40 mg of morphine (0.66 mg / day at the first year, to 70 mg of morphine (1.16 mg / day) at the sixth year, at 140 mg (2.33 mg / day) at the fourteen year. No serious medical complications were recorded, he maintained constipation and sweating throughout the period, and installed secondary hypogonadism with libido and erection disorders, that were corrected with the administration of testosterone. No further hospitalizations were required due to pain. No complications were observed related to the operation or filling of the pump or linked to the catheter. The patient stated that he was satisfied with the implant. Discussion: Despite the increase in filling doses, expression of tolerance development, the required morphine / day doses are frankly below the recommended limit. Conclusions: The risk-benefit balance of the implant was positive, considering the best pain control, the lowest doses used, the absence of serious complications, and the lack of hospitalizations for pain control.


Introdução: Descreve-se a evolução de um paciente que recebeu morfina intratecal através de uma bomba de infusão, implantada há 14 anos para o tratamento de lombalgia crônica pós-laminectomia. Material e método: Necessitou de administração de 60 mg/dia de morfina por via subcutânea, que provocou efeitos colaterais intolerantes, e múltiplas internações para controle da dor. Foi implantada uma bomba de infusão contínua (Isomed) conectada a um cateter subaracnóideo, que libera 1 ml/dia, necessitando de reenchimento a cada 60 dias. Resultados: Observou-se redução média da dor de 50% em um ano e 75% em 6 e 14 anos. Foi necessário um aumento progressivo das doses de enchimento, que passaram de 30 mg de morfina (0,5 mg/dia) no início, para 40 mg de morfina (0,66 mg/dia) por ano, para 70 mg de morfina (1,16 mg/dia) dia) aos 6 anos, para 140 mg (2,33 mg/dia) aos 14 anos. Não foram registradas complicações médicas graves. Manteve constipação e sudorese durante todo o período e desenvolveu hipogonadismo secundário com distúrbios de libido e ereção que foram corrigidos com administração de testosterona. Ele não necessitou de mais hospitalizações por dor. Não foram observadas complicações relacionadas à operação ou enchimento da bomba, ou relacionadas ao cateter. O paciente afirmou estar satisfeito com o implante. Discussão: Apesar do aumento das doses de enchimento, expressão do desenvolvimento da tolerância, as doses necessárias de morfina/dia são francamente inferiores ao limite recomendado. Conclusões: A relação risco-benefício do implante foi positiva, considerando o melhor controle da dor alcançado, as menores doses de morfina utilizadas, bem como a ausência de complicações graves e internações para controle da dor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Dosage , Morphine/administration & dosage , Morphine/adverse effects , Infusion Pumps , Treatment Outcome , Infusions, Subcutaneous , Catheters , Chronic Pain/drug therapy
11.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 105-108, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391923

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: comparar la kinesioterapia tradicional con la técnica miofacial en pacientes con restricción articular interna glenohumeral. MÉTODO: estudio comparativo de 8 pacientes en un grupo de intervención (GI) y kinésico (GC), durante 8 semanas. Se comparó el pre y post test del ROM interno glenohumeral en ambos grupos mediante t de student. RESULTADOS: el grupo de la técnica miofascial demostró una amento significativo de ROM interno glenohumeral de 15,2º (p < 0,001), mientras que el grupo control no fue significativo (p > 0,05) sólo de de 6,4º. CONCLUSIONES:Un tratamiento de terapia con la Técnicas Liberación Miofascial en pacientes con déficit rotacional interno de hombro es más eficaz para aumentar el rango de movimiento articular de rotación interna glenohumeral que una técnica tradicional y conservadora.


OBJETIVE: to compare traditional kinesiotherapy with myofacial technique in patients with glenohumeral internal joint restriction. METHODS: comparative study of 8 patients in an intervention (IG) and kinesiotherapy (CG) group for 8 weeks. The pre- and post-test of glenohumeral internal ROM in both groups was compared using Student's t-test. RESULTS: the myofascial technique group showed a significant increase in glenohumeral internal ROM of 15.2º (p < 0.001), while the control group was not significant (p > 0.05) only 6.4º. CONCLUSIONS: A therapy treatment with Myofascial Release Techniques in patients with shoulder internal rotational deficit is more effective in increasing glenohumeral internal rotational joint range of motion than a traditional, conservative technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Shoulder Joint/physiopathology , Range of Motion, Articular , Myofascial Release Therapy , Joint Diseases/rehabilitation , Rotation , Treatment Outcome
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 178-186, Apr.-June 2022. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394409

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background and Aims The present systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to estimate the safety and effectiveness of ustekinumab in the treatment of Crohn disease (CD) in clinical trials and observational studies. Methods We retrieved all the related publications from the PubMed, Cochrane, EBSCO, Google Scholar and EMBASE databases using a systematic search strategy. We only included clinical trials and observational studies that were published in English. Results Only 31 studies that met the eligibility criteria out of the 733 identified studies were included. The overall clinical response rate in the cohort studies was of 0.539 (95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.419-0.659), and in the clinical trials it was of 0.428 (95%CI: 0.356-0.501). The pooled clinical remission rate was of 0.399 (95%CI: 0.295-0.503) in randomized control trials (RCTs,) and of 0.440 (95%CI: 0.339-0.542) in cohort studies. The rate of adverse effects was of 0.158 (95%CI: 0.109-0.207) in cohort studies and of 0.690 (95%CI: 0.633-0.748) in RCTs. Conclusion Ustekinumab is effective in the treatment of CD. However, more research is required on the safety profiles because there was considerable variation among the included studies. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Ustekinumab/therapeutic use , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome , Ustekinumab/adverse effects , Infections
13.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 372-377, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377393

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Favipiravir is generally used in treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in Turkey. OBJECTIVE: To determine the side effects of favipiravir and whether it is a good treatment option. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study conducted in Atatürk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. METHODS: 357 patients who completed favipiravir treatment at the recommended dose were included. 37 patients with drug side effects and 320 patients without drug side effects were examined in two groups. RESULTS: Side effects were observed in 37 (10.36%) out of 357 patients using favipiravir. The most common side effect was liver dysfunction, in 26 (7.28%) of the patients. The following other side effects were also observed: diarrhea (1.4%), nausea (0.84%), abdominal pain (0.28%) and thrombocytopenia (0.28%). One patient (0.28%) presented both increased transaminases and nausea. CONCLUSION: In this study, it was determined that favipiravir may constitute an alternative for treating COVID-19 pneumonia given that its side effects are generally well tolerated and not serious.


Subject(s)
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/drug therapy , COVID-19/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Pyrazines , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Amides , SARS-CoV-2 , Nausea/chemically induced , Nausea/drug therapy
14.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(288): 7826-7840, maio.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372446

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Avaliar a eficácia dos protocolos de aplicação transcutânea do Intravenous Laser Irradiation of Blood 30' e 60', sobre os efeitos adversos no tecido hematopoiético por agentes quimioterápicos antineoplásicos endovenosos em adultos. Método. Ensaio clínico, randomizado e unicego, realizado em serviço ambulatorial de quimioterapia de hospital público do estado de São Paulo realizado de abril de 2018 a março de 2019. A amostra constituiu de 55 pacientes com tumores sólidos, a partir do segundo ciclo de tratamento com fármacos endovenosos citotóxicos para o tecido hematopoiético. O comprimento de onda utilizado foi de 660 nm, por via transcutânea, sob artéria radial. Resultado. Comparado ao tipo de hemocomponente, obtivemos, respectivamente aos protocolos do Intravenous Laser Irradiation of Blood 30' e 60': hemoglobina (85%; 86%), plaquetas (100%; 100%) e neutrófilos (95%; 92%). Conclusão. Considerou-se ambos os protocolos eficazes e, portanto, sugere-se implantá-los em unidades de quimioterapia(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the protocols for transcutaneous application of the Intravenous Laser Irradiation of Blood 30' and 60', on the adverse effects on hematopoietic tissue by intravenous antineoplastic chemotherapeutic agents in adults. Method. Clinical, randomized and single-blind trial, carried out in an outpatient chemotherapy service of a public hospital in the state of São Paulo, carried out from April 2018 to March 2019. The sample consisted of 55 patients with solid tumors, from the second cycle of treatment with cytotoxic intravenous drugs for hematopoietic tissue. The wavelength used was 660 nm, transcutaneously, under the radial artery. Result. Compared to the type of blood component, we obtained, respectively from the Intravenous Laser Irradiation of Blood 30' and 60' protocols: hemoglobin (85%; 86%), platelets (100%; 100%) and neutrophils (95%; 92%). Conclusion. Both protocols were considered effective and, therefore, it is suggested to implant them in chemotherapy units.(AU)


Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad de los protocolos de aplicación transcutánea de Irradiación Láser Intravenosa de Sangre 30' y 60', sobre los efectos adversos sobre el tejido hematopoyético por agentes quimioterápicos antineoplásicos intravenosos en adultos. Método. Ensayo clínico, aleatorizado y simple ciego, realizado en un servicio de quimioterapia ambulatoria de un hospital público del estado de São Paulo, realizado de abril de 2018 a marzo de 2019. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 55 pacientes con tumores sólidos, del segundo ciclo. del tratamiento con fármacos intravenosos citotóxicos para el tejido hematopoyético. La longitud de onda utilizada fue de 660 nm, por vía transcutánea, bajo la arteria radial. Resultado. En comparación con el tipo de componente sanguíneo, obtuvimos, respectivamente, de los protocolos de Irradiación Intravenosa con Láser de Sangre 30' y 60': hemoglobina (85%; 86%), plaquetas (100%; 100%) y neutrófilos (95%; 92%). %). Conclusión. Ambos os protocolos se consideraron efectivos, por lo que se sugiere implantarlos en las unidades de quimioterapia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Laser Therapy/nursing , Hematopoietic System , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Clinical Protocols , Treatment Outcome
15.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(1): 1-12, may. 11, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate orthodontists' preferences in the use and timing of appliances for the correction of Class II and Class III malocclusions in growing patients and the sociodemographic factors that influence these preferences. Material and Methods: Active members of the Colombian Orthodontics Society (SCO) were invited to complete a previously validated survey on the use of Class II and Class III correctors in growing patients. Results: 180 orthodontists responded (80 male, 100 female). The appliances used most frequently in the treatment of Class II malocclusion were Planas indirect tracks (32.78%) and Twin-blocks (30.56%). Facemasks (62.22%) and Progenie plates (25%) were the most prevalent appliances used in the treatment of Class III malocclusions. Regarding treatment timing, 52% of the orthodontists stated that Class II malocclusions must be treated during late mixed dentition or early permanent dentition, 42% stated that treatment for Class III malocclusions should occur during early mixed dentition. Appliance use and treatment timing were significantly associated with sex (p= 0.034), years of practice (p= 0.025), and area of work (private clinics or public institutions), (p= 0.039). Conclusion: Twin-blocks and Facemask appliances were the preferred appliances for Class II and Class III treatment, respectively, in growing patients. Most of the orthodontists believed that Class II malocclusions must be treated during late mixed dentition and that Class III malocclusions must be treated during early mixed dentition. Sociodemographic variables are related factors that influence orthodontists' preferences in the use of these appliances.


Objetivo: Evaluar las preferencias de los ortodoncistas en el uso y momento oportuno de uso de aparatología para la corrección de maloclusiones Clase II y Clase III en pacientes en crecimiento y los factores sociodemográficos que influyen en estas preferencias. Material y Métodos: Se invitó a miembros activos de la Sociedad Colombiana de Ortodoncia (SCO) a completar una encuesta previamente validada, sobre el uso de correctores para Clase II y Clase III en pacientes en crecimiento. Resultados: Respondieron un total de 180 ortodoncistas (80 hombres, 100 mujeres). La aparatología más utilizada en el tratamiento de las maloclusiones de Clase II fueron pistas indirectas de Planas (32,78%) y bloques gemelos (30,56%). La máscara facial (62,22%) y las placas progenie (25%) fueron los aparatos más utilizados en el tratamiento de las maloclusiones de Clase III. En cuanto al momento oportuno del tratamiento, el 52% de los ortodoncistas afirmó que las maloclusiones de Clase II deben tratarse durante la dentición mixta tardía o la dentición permanente temprana, el 42% afirmó que el tratamiento para las maloclusiones de Clase III debe ocurrir durante la dentición mixta temprana. El uso de aparatos y el momento oportuno del tratamiento se asociaron significativamente con el sexo (p= 0,034), los años de práctica (p= 0,025) y el área de trabajo (clínicas privadas o instituciones públicas) (p= 0,039). Conclusión: Los aparatos bloques gemelos y la máscara facial fueron los preferidos para el tratamiento de Clase II y Clase III, respectivamente, en pacientes en crecimiento. La mayoría de los ortodoncistas consideran que las maloclusiones de Clase II deben tratarse durante la dentición mixta tardía y que las maloclusiones de Clase III deben tratarse durante la dentición mixta temprana. Las variables sociodemográficas son factores relacionados que influyen en las preferencias de los ortodoncistas en el uso de estos aparatos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthodontic Appliances , Malocclusion/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Orthodontics , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Colombia/epidemiology , Sociodemographic Factors
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 263-278, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374729

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a common condition in childhood and if left untreated can result in many health problems. An accurate diagnosis of the etiology is crucial for obstructive sleep apnea treatment success. Functional orthodontic appliances that stimulate mandibular growth by forward mandibular positioning are an alternative therapeutic option in growing patients. Objective: To perform a literature review about the effects of functional orthodontic appliances used to correct the mandibular deficiency in obstructive sleep apnea treatment. Methods: The literature search was conducted in June 2020 using Cochrane Library; PubMed, EBSCO (Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source), LILACS Ovid; SciELO Web of Science; EMBASE Bireme and BBO Bireme electronic databases. The search included papers published in English, until June 2020, whose methodology referred to the types and effects of functional orthopedic appliances on obstructive sleep apnea treatment in children. Results: The search strategy identified thirteen articles; only four articles were randomized clinical studies. All studies using the oral appliances or functional orthopedic appliances for obstructive sleep apnea in children resulted in improvements in the apnea-hypopnea index score. The cephalometric (2D) and tomographic (3D) evaluations revealed enlargement of the upper airway and increase in the upper airspace, improving the respiratory function in the short term. Conclusion: Functional appliances may bean alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, but it cannot be concluded that they are effective in treating pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. There are significant deficiencies in the existing evidence, mainly due to absence of control groups, small sample sizes, lack of randomization and no long-term results.


Resumo Introdução: A síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono é uma condição comum na infância e, se não tratada, pode resultar em muitos problemas de saúde. Um diagnóstico preciso da etiologia é crucial para o sucesso do tratamento dessa condição clínica. Aparelhos ortodônticos funcionais que estimulam o crescimento mandibular através do anteroposicionamento mandibular são uma opção terapêutica para pacientes em crescimento. Objetivo: Fazer uma revisão da literatura sobre os efeitos do aparelho ortodôntico funcional usado para corrigir a deficiência mandibular no tratamento da apneia obstrutiva do sono. Método: A pesquisa bibliográfica foi feita em junho de 2020 nos os bancos de dados eletrônicos da Cochrane Library; PubMed, EBSCO (Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source), Lilacs Ovid; SciELO Web of Science; Embase Bireme e BBO Bireme. A busca incluiu artigos publicados em inglês, até junho de 2020, cuja metodologia referia-se aos tipos e efeitos dos aparelhos ortopédicos funcionais no tratamento da apneia obstrutiva do sono em crianças. Resultados: A estratégia de busca identificou 19 artigos; apenas quatro eram estudos clínicos randomizados. Todos os estudos que usaram aparelhos orais ou aparelhos ortopédicos funcionais para apneia obstrutiva do sono em crianças resultaram em melhorias no índice de apneia-hipopneia. As avaliações cefalométrica (2D) e tomográfica (3D) mostraram alargamento das vias aéreas superiores e aumento do espaço das vias aéreas superiores, que melhoraram a função respiratória em curto prazo. Conclusão: Os aparelhos funcionais podem ser um tratamento opcional para apneia obstrutiva do sono, mas não é possível concluir que sejam eficazes na população pediátrica. Existem deficiências significativas nas evidências existentes, principalmente devido à ausência de grupos de controle, tamanho pequeno das amostras, falta de randomização e ausência de resultados em longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Mandibular Advancement , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Cephalometry , Treatment Outcome
17.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 243-250, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374727

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory condition of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses that requires multifactorial treatment. Xylitol can be employed with nasal irrigation and can provide better control of the disease. Objective: To evaluate the association between the effects of nasal lavage with saline solution compared to nasal lavage with a xylitol solution. Methods: Fifty-two patients, divided into two groups (n = 26 in the "Xylitol" group and n = 26 in the "Saline solution" group) answered questionnaires validated in Portuguese (NOSE and SNOT-22) about their nasal symptoms and general symptoms, before and after endonasal endoscopic surgery and after a period of 30 days of nasal irrigation. Results: The "Xylitol" group showed significant improvement in pain relief and nasal symptom reduction after surgery and nasal irrigation with xylitol solution (p < 0.001). The "Saline solution" group also showed symptom improvement, but on a smaller scale. Conclusion: This study suggests that the xylitol solution can be useful in the postoperative period after endonasal endoscopic surgery, because it leads to a greater reduction in nasal symptoms.


Resumo Introdução: Rinossinusite crônica é um quadro de inflamação da cavidade nasal e dos seios paranasais que necessita de tratamento multifatorial. O xilitol pode ser associado às irrigações nasais e pode prover melhor controle da doença. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre os efeitos da lavagem nasal com solução fisiológica em comparação à lavagem nasal com solução de xilitol. Método: Divididos em dois grupos (n = 26 no grupo Xilitol e n = 26 no grupo Soro), 52 pacientes responderam à questionários validados em língua portuguesa (NOSE e SNOT-22) sobre seus sintomas nasais e sintomas gerais, antes e depois de cirurgia endoscópica endonasal e após um período de 30 dias de irrigação nasal. Resultados: O grupo Xilitol apresentou melhoria significativa dos sintomas de dor e sintomas nasais após a cirurgia e a irrigação nasal com solução de xilitol (p < 0,001). O grupo Soro também apresentou melhoria dos sintomas, porém em menor escala. Conclusão: Este estudo sugere que a solução de xilitol pode ser usada no período pós-operatório de cirurgia endoscópica endonasal por levar a uma maior redução nos sintomas nasais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paranasal Sinuses/surgery , Rhinitis/surgery , Rhinitis/complications , Postoperative Period , Xylitol/pharmacology , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy , Nasal Lavage , Symptom Assessment
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 187-193, Mar.-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374725

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Individuals with cleft palate can present with velopharyngeal dysfunction after primary palatoplasty and require a secondary treatment due to insufficiency. In these cases, the pharyngeal bulb prosthesis can be used temporarily while awaiting secondary surgery. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the outcome of treatment of hypernasality with pharyngeal bulb prosthesis in patients with history of cleft palate presenting with velopharyngeal insufficiency after primary palatal surgery. We hypothesized that the use of the pharyngeal bulb prosthesis is an effective approach to eliminate hypernasality related to velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with cleft palate. Methods: Thirty speakers of Brazilian Portuguese (15 males and 15 females) with operated cleft palate, ages ranging from 6 to 14 years (mean: 9 years; SD = 1.87 years), participated in the study. All patients were fitted with a pharyngeal bulb prosthesis to manage velopharyngeal insufficiency while they were awaiting corrective surgery to be scheduled. Auditory-perceptual analysis of speech recorded in the conditions with and without pharyngeal bulb prosthesis were obtained from three listeners who rated the presence or absence of hypernasality for this study. Results: Seventy percent of the patients eliminated hypernasality while employing the pharyngeal bulb prosthesis, while 30% still presented with hypernasality. The comparison was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The use of the pharyngeal bulb prosthesis is an effective approach to eliminate hypernasality related to velopharyngeal insufficiency.


Resumo Introdução: Indivíduos com fissura palatina podem apresentar disfunção velofaríngea após a palatoplastia primária e necessitam de um secundário devido à insuficiência velofaríngea. Nesses casos, o obturador faríngeo pode ser usado temporariamente enquanto se aguarda uma cirurgia secundária. Objetivo: Investigar o resultado do tratamento da hipernasalidade com o uso de obturador faríngeo em pacientes com histórico de fissura palatina que apresentam insuficiência velofaríngea após a palatoplastia primária. Nossa hipótese é que o uso do obturador faríngeo seja uma abordagem eficaz para eliminar a hipernasalidade relacionada à insuficiência velofaríngea em pacientes com fissura palatina Método: Participaram do estudo 30 indivíduos falantes do Português Brasileiro (15 homens e 15 mulheres) com fissura palatina operada, de 6 a 14 anos de idade (média: 9 anos; DP = 1,87 anos). Todos os pacientes receberam obturador faríngeo para o tratamento da insuficiência velofaríngea, enquanto aguardavam vaga para a cirurgia secundária. A análise perceptivo-auditiva da fala, realizada nas condições com e sem obturador faríngeo, foi realizada por três ouvintes, quanto à presença e ausência da hipernasalidade. Resultados: 70% dos pacientes eliminaram a hipernasalidade de fala com o uso do obturador faríngeo, enquanto 30% não eliminaram. A comparação foi estatisticamente significante (p < 0,001). Conclusão: O uso temporário do obturador faríngeo é uma abordagem efetiva para eliminar a hipernasalidade decorrente da insuficiência velofaríngea.


Subject(s)
Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/surgery , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/etiology , Voice Disorders , Nose Diseases , Cleft Palate/surgery , Cleft Palate/complications , Prostheses and Implants , Speech , Treatment Outcome
19.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; S1: 1-8, abr. 30, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398473

ABSTRACT

Objective: To generate teledentistry protocols for urgent and priority dental care for the elderly population through a technological web platform and mobile application in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and Methods: Teledentistry protocols were developed in five sequential steps: Staff training, Patient recruitment, Patient admission, Patient reception and Patient care. Reasons for admission were categorized in urgencies and priority dental treatment. Results: The most prevalent reasons for consultation were prosthesis mismatch (18.37%), dental pain (16.33%) and fractured teeth (14.29%). In urgencies by need for treatment: due to infection or pain (24.44%) or to avoid pulp involvement (26.67%). The rest of the care did not require immediate attention. Regarding the OHIP-14Sp survey prior to care, in which patients were consulted for problems with their teeth, mouth or prosthesis, two questions were answered per dimension, for each dimension the following values were obtained: functional limitation (71.30% and 50.44%), physical pain (68.97% and 70.18%), psychological discomfort (75.00% and 74.14%), physical disability (57.39% and 46.09%), psychological disability (37.72% and 53.91%), social disability (33.91% and 30.97%) and handicap (27.83% and 25.86%). Conclusion: A teledentistry protocol for urgent and priority dental care of the elderly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic with a focus on a general dentist remotely supported specialists was a useful tool to effectively systematize the care of elderly patients, reducing risk of exposure to COVID-19 and solving dental urgencies in this population


Objetivo: Generar protocolos de teleodontología para la atención odontológica urgente y prioritaria de la población adulta mayor a través de una plataforma web tecnológica y aplicación móvil en el contexto de la pandemia del COVID-19. Material y Métodos: Los protocolos de teleodontología se desarrollaron en cinco pasos secuenciales: capacitación del personal, reclutamiento de pacientes, admisión de pacientes, recepción de pacientes y atención al paciente. Los motivos de ingreso se categorizaron en urgencias y tratamiento odontológico prioritario. Resultados: Los motivos de consulta más prevalentes fueron desajuste de prótesis (18,37%), dolor dental (16,33%) y dientes fracturados (14,29%). En urgencias por necesidad de tratamiento por infección o dolor (24,44%) o para evitar afectación pulpar (26,67%). El resto de los cuidados no requirieron atención inmediata. En cuanto a la encuesta OHIP-14Sp previa a la atención, en la que se consultaba a los pacientes por problemas en sus dientes, boca o prótesis, se respondieron dos preguntas por dimensión, para cada dimensión se obtuvieron los siguientes valores: limitación funcional (71,30% y 50,44%), dolor físico (68,97% y 70,18%), malestar psicológico (75,00% y 74,14%), discapacidad física (57,39% y 46,09%), discapacidad psicológica (37,72% y 53,91%), discapacidad social (33,91% y 30,97%) y handicap (27,83% y 25,86%). Conclusión: Un protocolo de teleodontología para la atención odontológica urgente y prioritaria del adulto mayor, en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19 con un enfoque en un odontólogo general con especialistas apoyados de forma remota, fue una herramienta útil para sistematizar de manera efectiva la atención de los pacientes adultos mayores, reduciendo el riesgo de exposición al COVID-19 y resolviendo las urgencias odontológicas en esta población.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Telemedicine/methods , Pandemics , Mobile Applications , Teledentistry , COVID-19 , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Care , Treatment Outcome , Ambulatory Care/methods
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 263-274, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364963

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common oncologic disease among men. Radical treatment with curative intent provides good oncological results for PCa survivors, although definitive therapy is associated with significant number of serious side-effects. In modern-era of medicine tissue-sparing techniques, such as focal HIFU, have been proposed for PCa patients in order to provide cancer control equivalent to the standard-of-care procedures while reducing morbidities and complications. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the available evidence about focal HIFU therapy as a primary treatment for localized PCa. Material and methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature review of focal HIFU therapy in the MEDLINE database (PROSPERO: CRD42021235581). Articles published in the English language between 2010 and 2020 with more than 50 patients were included. Results: Clinically significant in-field recurrence and out-of-field progression were detected to 22% and 29% PCa patients, respectively. Higher ISUP grade group, more positive cores at biopsy and bilateral disease were identified as the main risk factors for disease recurrence. The most common strategy for recurrence management was definitive therapy. Six months after focal HIFU therapy 98% of patients were totally continent and 80% of patients retained sufficient erections for sexual intercourse. The majority of complications presented in the early postoperative period and were classified as low-grade. Conclusions: This review highlights that focal HIFU therapy appears to be a safe procedure, while short-term cancer control rate is encouraging. Though, second-line treatment or active surveillance seems to be necessary in a significant number of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasound, High-Intensity Focused, Transrectal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Salvage Therapy/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
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