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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2451-2458, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007688

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The age, biomarkers, and clinical history (ABC)-atrial fibrillation (AF)-Stroke score have been proposed to refine stroke risk stratification, beyond what clinical risk scores such as the CHA2DS2-VASc score can offer. This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with thromboembolism and evaluate the performance of the ABC-AF-Stroke score in predicting thromboembolism in non-anticoagulated AF patients following successful ablations.@*METHODS@#A total of 2692 patients who underwent successful ablations with discontinued anticoagulation after a 3-month blanking period in the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry (CAFR) between 2013 and 2019 were included. Cox regression analysis was conducted to present the association of risk factors with thromboembolism risk. The ABC-AF-Stroke score was evaluated in terms of discrimination, including concordance index (C-index), net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), clinical utilization by decision curve analysis (DCA), and calibration by comparing the predicted risk with the observed annualized event rate.@*RESULTS@#After a median follow-up of 3.5 years, 64 patients experienced thromboembolism events. Age, prior history of stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (cTnT-hs), and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were independently associated with thromboembolism risk. The ABC-AF-Stroke score performed statistically significantly better than the CHA2DS2-VASc score in terms of C-index (0.67, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-0.74 vs. 0.60, 95% CI: 0.52-0.67, P = 0.030) and reclassification capacity. The DCA implied that the ABC-AF-Stroke score could identify more thromboembolism events without increasing the false positive rate compared to the CHA2DS2-VASc score. The calibration curve showed that the ABC-AF-Stroke score was well calibrated in this population.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this real-world study enrolling non-anticoagulated AF patients following successful ablations, age, prior history of stroke/TIA, level of NT-proBNP, and cTnT-hs were independently associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism. The ABC-AF-Stroke score was well-calibrated and statistically significantly outperformed the CHA2DS2-VASc score in predicting thromboembolism risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , East Asian People , Ischemic Attack, Transient , Registries , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Stroke/etiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , Troponin T
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981974

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common monogenic inherited myocardial disease in children, and mutations in sarcomere genes (such as MYH7 and MYBPC3) are the most common genetic etiology of HCM, among which mutations in the MYH7 gene are the most common and account for 30%-50%. MYH7 gene mutations have the characteristics of being affected by environmental factors, coexisting with multiple genetic variations, and age-dependent penetrance, which leads to different or overlapping clinical phenotypes in children, including various cardiomyopathies and skeletal myopathies. At present, the pathogenesis, course, and prognosis of HCM caused by MYH7 gene mutations in children remain unclear. This article summarizes the possible pathogenesis, clinical phenotype, and treatment of HCM caused by MYH7 gene mutations, in order to facilitate the accurate prognostic evaluation and individualized management and treatment of the children with this disorder.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/therapy , Phenotype , Troponin T/genetics , Mutation , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the accuracy of cardiac troponin (cTn) levels in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and explore a potential strategy for improving the diagnostic accuracy.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data from patients with high-risk chest pain admitted in Zhujiang Hospital from January, 2018 to December, 2020, including 126 patients with and 272 patients without CKD, and 122 patients diagnosed to have AMI and 276 patients without AMI. The baseline clinical data of the patients and blood test results within 12 h after admission were collected.@*RESULTS@#In patients without AMI, cTnT level was significantly higher in those with co-morbid CKD than in those without CKD (P < 0.001), and showed a moderate negative correlation with eGFR (rs=- 0.501, P < 0.001), while cTnI level did not differ significantly between the two groups (P=0.72). In patients with CKD, the optimal cutoff level was 0.177 μg/L for cTnT and 0.415 ng/mL for cTnI for diagnosis of AMI, for which cTnI had a higher specificity than cTnT. The diagnostic model combining both cTnT and cTnI levels [P=eY/(1+ eY), Y=6.928 (cTnT)-0.5 (cTnI)-1.491] had a higher AUC value than cTn level alone.@*CONCLUSION@#In CKD patients, the cutoff level of cTn is increased for diagnosing AMI, and cTnI has a higher diagnostic specificity than cTnT. The combination of cTnT and cTnI levels may further improve diagnostic efficacy for AMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Comorbidity , Troponin T , Troponin I , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Biomarkers
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 172-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of female patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection. Methods: This is a single-centre retrospective study. Consecutive patients diagnosed with Stanford type B aortic dissection in General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from June 2002 to August 2021 were enrolled, and grouped based on sex. According to the general clinical conditions and complications of aortic dissection tear, patients were treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair, surgery, or optimal medication. The clinical characteristics and aortic imaging data of the patients at different stages were collected, adverse events including all-cause deaths, stroke, and occurrence of aortic-related adverse events were obtained during hospitalization and within 30 days and at 1 and 5 years after discharge. According to the time of death, death was classified as in-hospital death, out-of-hospital death, and in-hospital death was divided into preoperative death, intraoperative death and postoperative death. According to the cause of death, death was classified as aortic death, cardiac death and other causes of death. Aortic-related adverse events within 30 days after discharge included new paraplegia, post-luminal repair syndrome, and aortic death; long-term (≥1 year after discharge) aortic-related adverse events included aortic death, recurrent aortic dissection, endoleak and distal ulcer events. The clinical characteristics, short-term and long-term prognosis was compared between the groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association between different clinical factors and all-cause mortality within 30 days in female and male groups separately. Results: A total of 1 094 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection were enrolled, mean age was (53.9±12.1) years, and 861 (78.7%) were male and 233 (21.3%) were female. (1) Clinical characteristics: compared with male patients, female patients were featured with older average age, higher proportion of aged≥60 years old, back pain, anemia, optimal medication treatment, and higher cholesterol level; while lower proportion of smoking and drinking history, body mass index, calcium antagonists use, creatine kinase level, and white blood cell count (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in dissection tear and clinical stage, history of coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and cerebrovascular disease between female and male patients (all P>0.05). (2) Follow-up result: compared with male patients, female patients had a higher rate of 30-day death [6.9% (16/233) vs. 3.8% (33/861), P=0.047], in-hospital death (5.6% (13/233) vs. 2.7% (23/861), P=0.027), preoperative death (3.9% (9/233) vs. 1.5% (12/861), P=0.023) and aorta death (6.0% (14/233) vs. 3.1% (27/861), P=0.041). The 1-year and 5-year follow-up results demonstrated that there were no significant differences in death, cerebrovascular disease, and aorta-related adverse events between the two groups (all P>0.05). (3) Prognostic factors: the results of the univariate logistic regression analysis showed that body mass index>24 kg/m2 (HR=1.087, 95%CI 1.029-1.149, P=0.013), history of anemia (HR=2.987, 95%CI 1.054-8.468, P=0.032), hypertension (HR=1.094, 95%CI 1.047-1.143, P=0.040) and troponin-T>0.05 μg/L (HR=5.818, 95%CI 1.611-21.018, P=0.003)were associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality within 30 days in female patients. Conclusions: Female patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection have specific clinical characteristics, such as older age at presentation, higher rates of anemia and combined back pain, and higher total cholesterol levels. The risk of death within 1 month is higher in female patients than in male patients, which may be associated with body mass index, hypertension, anemia and troponin-T, but the long-term prognosis for both female and male patients is comparable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prognosis , Hospital Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Troponin T , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aortic Dissection , Hypertension/complications , Cholesterol , Risk Factors
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 12-21, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background In the current era, there is always search for better cardiovascular biomarkers to early diagnose the disease. Objectives We aimed to investigate the association between a novel biomarker, cardiothropin-1 (CT-1), and standard markers of myocardial ischemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Turkey. Patients and Methods In this prospective cohort study, patients who were admitted to our institution between July 2012 and July 2013 with the diagnosis of ACS were included. The standard markers of myocardial necrosis and CT-1 were evaluated at the time of admission and after 6 hours. Changes in laboratory parameters were statistically tested and correlated with routinely used markers of myocardial ischemia. The distribution of the data was analyzed by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Proportional analysis and changes in laboratory parameters were evaluated with Chi-Square test and Fisher Exact test. Statistical significance was defined as p<0.05. Results The study enrolled 24 patients (14 male, 10 female) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 16 patients (9 male, 7 female) with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with elevated cardiac enzymes such as creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and Troponin-T (Tn-T). The average age of the patients was 61.45 ± 11.04 years. Increasing CT-1 levels were correlated with the increasing CK (p=0.035 and p=0.018, respectively), CK-MB (p=0.006 and p=0.096, respectively), and Tn-T (p=0.041 and p=0.000, respectively) at first and at the 6th hour measurements. The CT-1 values were found to be more increased in the STEMI group (p=0.0074). Conclusion CT-1 is one of the novel biomarkers for cardiac injury. It is correlated with standard markers of myocardial ischemia and the results suggest that CT-1 can be used as a new biomarker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Atrial Fibrillation , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Troponin T , Creatine Kinase
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 620-627, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1131355

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Os efeitos da caminhada de longa distância sobre o sistema cardiovascular são pouco estudados. Objetivos: O objetivo geral deste estudo foi verificar esses efeitos sobre o comportamento da função diastólica e dos biomarcadores cardíacos CK-MB (massa), troponina T e NT-proBNP em atletas amadores. Método: Este estudo longitudinal realizado em 2015 avaliou os participantes nas 5 etapas seguintes: A0 (basal) antes de iniciar o percurso, e as demais, A1, A2, A3 e A4 ao final de cada dia, totalizando 244,7 km. Em todas as etapas foram dosados os biomarcadores NT-proBNP, CK-MB (massa) e troponina T. Realizou-se ecocardiograma para análise das ondas E, A e E'. Adotado p < 0,05 como significativo. Resultados: Foram avaliados 25 participantes com média de idade de 46 ± 10,5 anos e índice de massa corporal de 20,2 ± 2,3 kg/m2. Encontrou-se aumentos dos valores de NT-proBNP de A0 para A1, A2, A3 e A4 (p < 0,001), CK-MB (massa) de A0 para A2 (p < 0,001) e da onda E' de A0 para A1, A2, A3 e A4 (p < 0,001). Foram identificadas correlações entre os seguintes: CK-MB (massa) e troponina T (A1: r = 0,524, p = 0,010; A4: r = 0,413, p = 0,044); CK-MB (massa) e NT-proBNP (A4: r = 0,539, p = 0,006); e E/A e E' (A0: r = 0,603, p < 0,001; A1: r = 0,639, p < 0,001; A4: r = 0,593, p = 0,002); e correlação negativa entre CK-MB (massa) com E/A (A1: r = −0,428, p = 0,041). Conclusão: Os efeitos da atividade física intensa, prolongada e intercalada foram verificados a partir das variações significativas no comportamento da CK-MB (massa), NT-proBNP e E'. Apesar das alterações encontradas, não houve critérios sugestivos de dano ao miocárdio.


Abstract Background: The effects of long-distance walking on the cardiovascular system have been little studied. Objectives: The general objective of this study was to verify these effects on the behavior of diastolic function and the cardiac biomarkers CK-MB (mass), troponin T, and NT-proBNP, in amateur athletes. Method: This longitudinal study, conducted in 2015, evaluated participants during the following 5 stages: E0 (baseline) before starting the trajectory and the others, E1, E2, E3, and E4, at the end of each day, totaling 244.7 km. At all stages, the biomarkers NT-proBNP, CK-MB (mass), and troponin T were measured. Echocardiogram was performed to analyze the E, A and E' waves. P < 0.05 was adopted as significant. Results: The study evaluated 25 participants, with an average age of 46 ± 10.5 years and body mass index of 20.2 ± 2.3 kg/m2. Increased values were found for NT-proBNP from E0 to E1, E2, E3, and E4 (p < 0.001), CK-MB (mass) from E0 to E2 (p < 0.001), and E' wave from E0 to E1, E2, E3, and E4 (p < 0.001). Positive correlations were identified between the following: CK-MB (mass) and troponin T (E1: r = 0.524, p = 0.010; E4: r = 0.413, p = 0.044); CK-MB (mass) and NT-proBNP (E4: r = 0.539, p = 0.006); and E/A and E' (E0: r = 0.603, p < 0.001; E1: r = 0.639, p < 0.001; E4: r = 0.593, p = 0.002). A negative correlation was found between CK-MB (mass) and E/A (E1: r = −0.428, p = 0.041). Conclusion: The effects of intense, prolonged, and interspersed physical activity were verified based on significant variations in the behavior of CK-MB (mass), NT-proBNP, and the E' wave. Notwithstanding the alterations found, there were no criteria suggestive of myocardial damage


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Walking , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Biomarkers , Longitudinal Studies , Troponin T , Creatine Kinase, MB Form
8.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(1): 93-105, jan.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003622

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As troponinas cardíacas T e I são marcadores considerados altamente sensíveis e específicos para o diagnóstico de infarto agudo do miocárdio. Atualmente, com o advento dos ensaios ultrassensíveis, uma série de anormalidades não primariamente cardíacas pode se manifestar por meio da elevação destes ensaios. A redução de seu limiar de detecção promoveu maior precocidade no diagnóstico e na utilização de medidas terapêuticas baseadas em evidência, no entanto, esta característica aumentou o espectro de doenças cardíacas não coronarianas detectáveis, trazendo desafios para a caracterização das síndromes coronarianas agudas e um novo papel para estes testes nas desordens conhecidas no ambiente das unidades de tratamento intensivo, em especial na sepse. A abordagem de pacientes por meio de um maior entendimento do comportamento destes marcadores deve ser redimensionada para sua correta interpretação.


ABSTRACT Cardiac troponins T and I are considered highly sensitive and specific markers for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Currently, a series of nonprimary cardiac abnormalities may manifest as an elevation in high-sensitive assays. The reduction in their detection limits has allowed earlier diagnosis and the use of evidence-based therapeutic measures; however, this characteristic has increased the spectrum of detectable noncoronary heart diseases, which poses challenges for characterizing acute coronary syndromes and creates a new role for these tests in known disorders in intensive care units, especially sepsis. Management of patients through a greater understanding of how these markers behave should be re-evaluated to ensure their correct interpretation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Troponin I/blood , Troponin T/blood , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity , Early Diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Heart Diseases/blood , Intensive Care Units , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/blood
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(3): 230-237, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989327

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) has played an important role in the risk stratification of patients during the in-hospital phase of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but few studies have determined its role as a long-term prognostic marker in the outpatient setting. Objective: To investigate the association between levels of hs-cTnI measured in the subacute phase after an ACS event and long-term prognosis in a highly admixed population. Methods: We measured levels of hs-cTnI in 525 patients 25 to 90 days after admission for an ACS event; these patients were then divided into tertiles according to hs-cTnI levels and followed for up to 7 years. We compared all-cause and cardiovascular mortality using Cox proportional hazards models and adopting a significance level of 5%. Results: After a median follow-up of 51 months, patients in the highest tertile had a greater hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality after adjustment for age, sex, known cardiovascular risk factors, medication use, and demographic factors (HR: 3.84, 95% CI: 1.92-8.12). These findings persisted after further adjustment for estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and left ventricular ejection fraction < 0.40 (HR: 6.53, 95% CI: 2.12-20.14). Cardiovascular mortality was significantly higher in the highest tertile after adjustment for age and sex (HR: 5.65, 95% CI: 1.94-16.47) and both in the first (HR: 4.90, 95% CI: 1.35-17.82) and second models of multivariate adjustment (HR: 5.89, 95% CI: 1.08-32.27). Conclusions: Elevated hs-cTnI levels measured in the stabilized phase after an ACS event are independent predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a highly admixed population.


Resumo Fundamento: A troponina cardíaca de alta sensibilidade I (TnI-as) tem desempenhado um papel importante na estratificação de risco dos pacientes durante a fase intra-hospitalar da síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA), mas poucos estudos determinaram seu papel como marcador prognóstico de longo prazo no ambiente ambulatorial. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre os níveis de TnI-as medidos na fase subaguda após um evento de SCA e o prognóstico a longo prazo, em uma população altamente miscigenada. Métodos: Medimos os níveis de TnI-as em 525 pacientes em um período de 25 a 90 dias após a entrada em hospital por um evento de SCA; esses pacientes foram então divididos em tercis conforme os níveis de TnI-as, e acompanhados por até 7 anos. Comparamos as mortalidades por todas as causas e cardiovascular através de modelos de riscos proporcionais de Cox e adotando um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Após um acompanhamento médio de 51 meses, os pacientes no tercil mais alto apresentaram uma taxa de risco (HR) maior para mortalidade por todas as causas, após ajustes para idade, sexo, fatores de risco cardiovascular conhecidos, uso de medicação e fatores demográficos (HR: 3,84 IC 95%: 1,92-8,12). Esses achados persistiram após um ajuste adicional para uma taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) estimada < 60 ml/min/1,73 m2 e uma fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo < 0,40 (HR: 6,53; IC95%: 2,12-20,14). A mortalidade cardiovascular foi significativamente maior no tercil mais alto, após ajustes para idade e sexo (RR: 5,65; IC95%: 1,94-16,47) e tanto no primeiro modelo de ajuste multivariado (HR: 4,90; IC 95%: 1,35-17,82) quanto no segundo (HR: 5,89; IC95%: 1,08-32,27). Conclusões: Níveis elevados de TnI-as, medidos na fase estabilizada após um evento de SCA, são preditores independentes de mortalidade por todas as causas e de mortalidade cardiovascular em uma população altamente miscigenada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Troponin I/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Biomarkers/blood , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Cause of Death , Troponin T/blood , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis
10.
Rev chil anest ; 48(5): 427-432, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509948

ABSTRACT

Vascular surgery is considered high risk, due to the characteristics of patients and surgical procedures. Recently, the diagnosis of myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MINS) was introduced to focus attention on the prognostic relevance of elevated ischemic troponin after non-cardiac surgery. In the study Vascular Events In Noncardiac Surgery Patients Cohort Evaluation (VISION), that included more than 15,000 patients who underwent non-cardiac surgery, MINS was independently associated with mortality 3 to 4 times greater than 30 days after surgery. Biccard et al published a study derived from the study VISION in which 502 patients underwent vascular surgery, resulting in significantly higher mortality (12.5% vs 1.5%, p < 0.001) in patients who developed MINS compared to those who did not develop MINS (OR 9.48, 95% CI, 3.46-25.96). The 2014 guidelines for preoperative cardiovascular evaluation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) do not recommend the postoperative surveillance of troponin in patients without symptoms or signs of myocardial ischemia, nor in patients at high risk of coronary disease (as patients undergoing vascular surgery). On the other hand, the 2017 guidelines of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society on Perioperative Cardiac Risk, evaluation and treatment for non-cardiac surgery patients, recommend obtaining daily measurements of troponin for 48 to 72 hours after of non-cardiac surgery, in patients with a baseline risk of more than 5% of cardiovascular death or acute non-fatal myocardial infarction at 30 days after surgery. MINS is a potentially useful marker of adverse postoperative outcomes and its detection could provide opportunities to improve clinical outcomes in affected patients.


La cirugía vascular es considerada de alto riesgo, debido a características propias de los pacientes y de los procedimientos quirúrgicos. Recientemente, se introdujo el diagnóstico de injuria miocárdica postcirugía no cardiaca (MINS) para centrar la atención en la relevancia pronóstica de la elevación de la troponina isquémica después de una cirugía no cardíaca. Dos grandes estudios han demostrado que la mortalidad es significativamente mayor en pacientes que desarrollaron MINS. Las guías 2014 de evaluación cardiovascular preoperatoria de American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA), no recomiendan la vigilancia postoperatoria de troponina en pacientes sin síntomas ni signos de isquemia miocárdica ni tampoco en pacientes con alto riesgo de infarto al miocardio (como pacientes sometidos a cirugía vascular). Sin embargo, las guías de sociedad cardiovascular canadiense (publicadas en 2017) sobre riesgo cardíaco perioperatorio, evaluación y tratamiento para pacientes de cirugía no cardíaca] recomiendan obtener mediciones diarias de troponina durante 48 a 72 horas después de cirugía no cardíaca, en pacientes con un riesgo basal superior al 5% de muerte cardiovascular o infarto agudo al miocardio no fatal a 30 días después de una cirugía. MINS se debe considerar como un marcador potencialmente útil de resultados postoperatorios adversos y su detección podría brindar oportunidades para mejorar los resultados clínicos en los pacientes afectados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Heart Injuries/etiology , Heart Injuries/epidemiology , Prognosis , Biomarkers/blood , Risk Assessment , Troponin T/blood , Heart Injuries/diagnosis
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1390-1399, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771220

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is closely associated with adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and we aimed to determine whether biomarkers and blood pressure could be potential predictors of MSIMI.@*METHODS@#This study enrolled 82 patients with documented CAD between June 1, 2017 and November 9, 2017. Patient blood samples were obtained at resting period and at the end of mental arithmetic. Then, patients were assigned to MSIMI positive group and MSIMI negative group. The main statistical methods included linear regression, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#Patients with CAD with MSIMI had significantly greater median resting N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP, 141.02 [45.85-202.76] pg/mL vs. 57.95 [27.06-117.64] pg/mL; Z = -2.23, P = 0.03) and mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) (145.56 ± 16.87 mmHg vs. 134.92 ± 18.16 mmHg, Z = -2.13, P = 0.04) when compared with those without MSIMI. After 5-min mental stress task, those who developed MSIMI presented higher elevation of median post-stressor high sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI, 0.020 [0.009-0.100] ng/mL vs. 0.009 [0.009-0.010] ng/mL; Z = -2.45, P = 0.01), post-stressor NT-proBNP (138.96 [39.93-201.56] pg/mL vs. 61.55 [25.66-86.50] pg/mL; Z = -2.15, P = 0.03) compared with those without MSIMI. Using the ROC curves, and after the adjustment for basic characteristics, the multiple logistic regression analysis showed that patients presenting a post-stressor hs-cTnI ≥ 0.015 ng/mL had seven-fold increase in the risk of developing MSIMI (odds ratio [OR]: 7.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.65-30.48; P = 0.009), a rest NT-proBNP ≥ 80.51 pg/mL had nearly eight-fold increase (OR: 7.85; 95% CI: 1.51-40.82; P = 0.014), a post-stressor NT-proBNP ≥ 98.80 pg/mL had 35-fold increase (OR: 34.96; 95% CI: 3.72-328.50; P = 0.002), a rest SBP ≥ 129.50 mmHg had 11-fold increase (OR: 11.42; 95% CI: 1.21-108.17; P = 0.034).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The present study shows that CAD patients with higher hs-cTnI level, and/or greater NT-proBNP and/or SBP are at higher risk of suffering from MSIMI when compared with those without MSIMI, indicating that hs-cTnI, NT-proBNP, SBP might be potential predictors of MSIMI.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anxiety , Blood , Biomarkers , Blood , Blood Pressure , Physiology , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Depression , Blood , Electrocardiography , Myocardial Ischemia , Blood , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Blood , Odds Ratio , Peptide Fragments , Blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Stress, Psychological , Blood , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Troponin I , Blood , Troponin T , Blood
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775078

ABSTRACT

In recent years, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) has been recognized as an effective marker for myocardial injury in adults and can be used to diagnose acute myocardial injury and predict major adverse cardiovascular events. It is the gold standard for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in adults. Neonates are a special group, and due to the changes of various physiological processes during the perinatal period, many laboratory markers used in adults may have a low clinical value in neonates. So far, for example, there is still no suitable cardiac serum biomarker that can reflect the true condition of neonatal myocardial injury. In recent years, new breakthroughs have been made in the application of hs-cTnT in the field of neonates. In order to fully understand the role of hs-cTnT in neonatal diseases, this article reviews the research advances in the biological and physiological features of hs-cTnT and its application in neonates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Biomarkers , Heart , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Myocardial Infarction , Troponin T
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785829

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most studies in cardiac regeneration have explored bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC) with variable therapeutic effects. Amniotic fluid MSC (AF-MSC) having extended self-renewal and multi-potent properties may be superior to bone marrow MSC (BM-MSC). However, a comparison of their cardiomyogenic potency has not been studied yet.METHODS: The 5-azacytidine (5-aza) treated AF-MSC and BM-MSC were evaluated for the expression of GATA-4, Nkx2.5 and ISL-1 transcripts and proteins by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively as well as for the expression of cardiomyogenic differentiation markers cardiac troponin-T (cTNT), beta myosin heavy chain (βMHC) and alpha sarcomeric actinin (ASA) by immunocytochemistry.RESULTS: The AF-MSC as compared to BM-MSC had significantly higher expression of GATA-4 (183.06±29.85 vs. 9.80±0.05; p<0.01), Nkx2.5 (8.3±1.4 vs. 1.82±0.32; p<0.05), and ISL-1 (39.59±4.05 vs. 4.36±0.39; p<0.01) genes as well as GATA-4 (2.01±0.5 vs. 0.6±0.1; p<0.05), NKx2.5 (1.9±0.14 vs. 0.8±0.2; p<0.01) and ISL-1 (1.7±0.3 vs. 0.9±0.1; p<0.05) proteins. The AF-MSC also had significantly elevated expression of cTNT (5.0×10⁴±0.6×10⁴ vs. 3.5 ×10⁴±0.8×10⁴; p<0.01), β-MHC (15.7×10⁴±0.9×10⁴ vs. 8.2×10⁴±0.6×10⁴; p<0.01) and ASA (18.6×10⁴±4.9×10⁴ vs. 13.1×10⁴±3.0×10⁴; p<0.05) than BM-MSC.CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that AF-MSC have greater cardiomyogenic potency than BM-MSC, and thus may be a better source of MSC for therapeutic applications in cardiac regenerative medicine.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Actinin , Amniotic Fluid , Antigens, Differentiation , Azacitidine , Blotting, Western , Bone Marrow , Immunohistochemistry , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Regeneration , Regenerative Medicine , Therapeutic Uses , Troponin T , Ventricular Myosins
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741461

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantified by dynamic computed tomography (CT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with troponin level and left ventricle (LV) function in patients with ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five STEMI patients who successfully had undergone reperfusion treatment within 1 week of their infarction were consecutively enrolled. All patients were referred for dynamic CT-MPI. Serial high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) levels and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measured by echocardiography were recorded. Twenty-six patients with 427 segments were included for analysis. Various quantitative parameters derived from dynamic CT-MPI were analyzed to determine if there was a correlation between hs-TnT levels and LVEF on admission and again at the 6-month mark. RESULTS: The mean radiation dose for dynamic CT-MPI was 3.2 ± 1.1 mSv. Infarcted territories had significantly lower MBF (30.5 ± 7.4 mL/min/100 mL versus 73.4 ± 8.1 mL/min/100 mL, p < 0.001) and myocardial blood volume (MBV) (2.8 ± 0.9 mL/100 mL versus 4.2 ± 1.1 mL/100 mL, p = 0.044) compared with those of reference territories. MBF showed the best correlation with the level of peak hs-TnT (r = −0.682, p < 0.001), and MBV showed a moderate correlation with the level of peak hs-TnT (r = −0.437, p = 0.026); however, the other parameters did not show any significant correlation with hs-TnT levels. As for the association with LV function, only MBF was significantly correlated with LVEF at the time of admission (r = 0.469, p = 0.016) and at 6 months (r = 0.585, p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: MBF quantified by dynamic CT-MPI is significantly inversely correlated with the level of peak hs-TnT. In addition, patients with lower MBF tended to have impaired LV function at the time of their admission and at 6 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Volume , Echocardiography , Heart Ventricles , Infarction , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Reperfusion , Stroke Volume , Troponin T , Troponin
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(12): 1067-1077, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of alprostadil on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Methods: Rats were subjected to myocardial ischemia for 30 min followed by 24h reperfusion. Alprostadil (4 or 8 μg/kg) was intravenously administered at the time of reperfusion and myocardial infarct size, levels of troponin T, and the activity of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum were measured. Antioxidative parameters, nitric oxide (NO) content and phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase 3 (p-eNOS) expression in the left ventricles were also measured. Histopathological examinations of the left ventricles were also performed. Results: Alprostadil treatment significantly reduced myocardial infarct size, serum troponin T levels, and CK-MB and LDH activity (P<0.05). Furthermore, treatment with alprostadil significantly decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) content (P<0.05) and markedly reduced myonecrosis, edema and infiltration of inflammatory cells. Superoxide dismutase and catalase activities (P<0.05), NO level (P<0.01) and p-eNOS (P<0.05) were significantly increased in rats treated with alprostadil compared with control rats. Conclusion: These results indicate that alprostadil protects against myocardial I/R injury and that these protective effects are achieved, at least in part, via the promotion of antioxidant activity and activation of eNOS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Alprostadil/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Troponin T/drug effects , Troponin T/blood , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/blood , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Heart Ventricles/pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Nitric Oxide/analysis
17.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 25(4): 243-248, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-985466

ABSTRACT

Resumen El dolor torácico es uno de los principales motivos de consulta al sistema de urgencias, y este es secundario a condiciones como el síndrome coronario agudo entre otras. Para su diagnóstico se requiere no sólo el resultado de la troponina, sino una evaluación clínica completa en la que se tengan en cuenta factores de riesgo cardiovascular, características del dolor y hallazgos electrocardiográficos. La interpretación inadecuada de las troponinas ultrasensibles lleva a que se someta al paciente a riesgos innecesarios a causa de estudios como el cateterismo cardiaco. Se llevó a cabo un estudio de corte trasversal en un hospital de Bogotá, en el que la causa principal de consulta en el servicio de urgencias fue el dolor torácico, y la primera causa de hospitalización en Cardiología el síndrome coronario agudo. Se recolectaron datos de 411 pacientes a quienes se les realizó arteriografía coronaria, la mayoría hombres con factores de riesgo como hipertensión arterial, tabaquismo y un evento coronario previo. Dentro de los estudios paraclínicos, la fracción de eyección promedio estuvo cercana al 50% y sólo en 201 pacientes se encontraron lesiones epicárdicas significativas.De la muestra analizada, el 13% tenía creatinina mayor de 1,5 mg/dl como causa alterna de elevación del biomarcador y 28% tenía disfunción ventricular izquierda de algún grado. La mayoría de los pacientes en quienes no se documentaron lesiones angiográficamente significativas en el cateterismo cardiaco, la troponina no cumplía criterios de positividad con base en el aumento del 20% respecto al valor inicial si este era positivo o de 50% en caso de que el primer valor fuese negativo. Adicionalmente, del grupo de pacientes con enfermedad coronaria angiográficamente significativa fue más frecuente la combinación de tres o más factores de riesgo cardiovascular en presencia de biomarcador positivo.


Abstract Chest pain is one of the main reasons for consulting the Emergency Department, and it is secondary to conditions, such as acute coronary syndrome. For its diagnosis, it not only requires a Troponin result, but also a full clinical evaluation, in which factors like cardiovascular risk have to be taken into account, as well as characteristics of the pain and the findings on the electrocardiogram. The poor interpretation of the ultrasensitive Troponins leads to the patient being subjected to unnecessary risks due to studies such as cardiac catheterisation. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a hospital in Bogota, in which chest pain was the main reason for consulting the Emergency Department, and acute coronary syndrome the first cause of admission to Cardiology. The study included a total of 411 patients on whom a coronary angiography was performed. The majority were males with risk factors such as arterial hypertension, smokers, and with a previous coronary event. Among the para-clinical studies, the mean ejection fraction was around 50%, and significant epicardial lesions were found in only 201 patients.Of the sample analysed, 13% had a creatinine greater than 1.5 mg/dl as an alternative cause of the elevation of the biomarker, and 28% had some degree of left ventricular function. the majority of patients that did not have significant angiographic lesions in the cardiac catheterisation documented, the Troponin did not meet the criteria for being positive, based on an increase of 20% as regards the initial value if this was positive or 50% in the case where the first value was negative. Furthermore, of the patient group with significant angiographic coronary disease, the combination of three or more cardiovascular risk factors was the most frequent in the presence of a positive biomarker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acute Coronary Syndrome , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Angina Pectoris , Coronary Angiography , Troponin T , Myocardial Infarction
19.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 37(2): 437-448, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050611

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o Infarto Agudo do Miocárdio (IAM) é a mais importante e frequente cardiopatia isquêmica ocasionada por necrose do músculo cardíaco (miocárdio) em consequência de isquemia prolongada, sendo mais frequente em adultos e idosos. O diagnóstico é baseado no quadro clínico, alterações eletrocardiográficas e resultados de exames de sangue com elevação dos marcadores bioquímicos de necrose miocárdica: Troponina T, CKMB (creatina-quinase-fraçãoMB) e CK (creatina-quinase-total) que são liberadas pelas células assim que o suprimento de sangue fica bloqueado, sendo a Troponina o principal marcador por estar presente na estrutura do músculo cardíaco. A bioquímica clínica desempenha papel fundamental no diagnóstico laboratorial do IAM, pois as dosagens devem ser analisadas rapidamente para melhor prognóstico, eficácia do tratamento e sobrevida do paciente. Embasados na alta prevalência das doenças cardiovasculares, no envelhecimento populacional e na importância do diagnóstico laboratorial. O objetivo desta revisão bibliográfica foi descrever a importância dos principais marcadores bioquímicos quanto à sensibilidade e especificidade com ênfase para a Troponina T. Trata-se de um estudo transversal descritivo por revisão da literatura de artigos científicos completos, capítulos de livros, dissertações e teses nos idiomas português e inglês, nas bases de dados SCIELO, LILACS, BIREME, BIBLIOTECA VIRTUAL DE SAÚDE. Após a revisão, evidencia-se a importância da emergência médica com o diagnóstico laboratorial preciso e confiável da Troponina T que é liberada em 3 horas após o IAM e que pode ser dosada por imunocromatografia ou quantitativamente, e deve estar inserida na rotina dos laboratórios privados e hospitalares para melhor qualidade de vida do paciente.


Introduction: acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) is the most important and frequent ischemic heart disease caused by cardiac (myocardial) muscle necrosis as a consequence of prolonged ischemia, being more frequent in adults and the elderly. The diagnosis is based on the clinical picture, electrocardiographic changes and results of blood tests with elevation of biochemical markers of myocardial necrosis: Troponin T, CKMB (creatine kinase-MB fraction) and CK (creatine kinase-total) that are released by the cells as soon as the blood supply is blocked, Troponin being the main marker because it is present in the structure of the heart muscle. Clinical biochemistry plays a fundamental role in the laboratory diagnosis of AMI, since the dosages should be analyzed quickly for better prognosis, treatment efficacy and patient survival. Based on the high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, population aging and the importance of laboratory diagnosis, the objective of this literature review was to describe the importance of the main biochemical markers for sensitivity and specificity with emphasis on Troponin T. This is a cross-sectional study descriptive literature review of complete scientific articles, book chapters, dissertations and theses in the Portuguese and English languages, in the databases SCIELO, LILACS, BIREME, VIRTUAL HEALTH LIBRARY. After the review, the importance of the medical emergency with the accurate and reliable laboratory diagnosis of Troponin T, which is released within 3 hours after AMI and can be quantified by immunochromatography or quantitatively, should be included in the routine of the private and the quality of life of the patient.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Troponin T , Myocardial Infarction
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812344

ABSTRACT

Cardiac dysfunction, a common consequence of sepsis, is the major contribution to morbidity and mortality in patients. Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) is a water-soluble derivative of Tanshinone IIA (TA), a main active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, which has been widely used in China for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebral system diseases. In the present study, the effect of STS on sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction was investigated and its effect on survival rate of rats with sepsis was also evaluated. STS treatment could significantly decrease the serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), cardiac troponin I (cTn-I), cardiac troponin T (cTn-T), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced) septic rats and improve left ventricular function, particularly at 48 and 72 h after CLP. As the pathogenesis of septic myocardial dysfunction is attributable to dysregulated systemic inflammatory responses, several key cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1), were detected to reveal the possible mechanism of attenuation of septic myocardial dysfunction after being treated by STS. Our study showed that STS, especially at a high dose (15 mg·kg), could efficiently suppress inflammatory responses in myocardium and reduce myocardial necrosis through markedly reducing production of myocardial TNF-α, IL-6 and HMGB1. STS significantly improved the 18-day survival rate of rats with sepsis from 0% to 30% (P < 0.05). Therefore, STS could suppress inflammatory responses and improve left ventricular function in rats with sepsis, suggesting that it may be developed for the treatment of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Rats , C-Reactive Protein , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cecum , General Surgery , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Heart , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Ligation , Myocardium , Allergy and Immunology , Phenanthrenes , Chemistry , Punctures , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Sepsis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Troponin T , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
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