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1.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 104-111, jul. 22, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1379917

ABSTRACT

Paciente femenina de 72 años. Mediante estudios de imagen (ultrasonido y tomografía), se le identificó lesión en parénquima hepático, anexo derecho, peritoneo y apéndice cecal, y mediante estudio histopatológico se determinó la presencia concomitante de carcinoma hepatocelular de células claras, tumor mucinoso limítrofe de bajo potencial maligno o borderline, pseudomixoma peritoneal y neoplasia mucinosa de bajo grado del apéndice cecal, respectivamente. Debido a que las neoplasias reportadas no guardan relación con el mismo órgano ni con el sistema, se considera que son neoplasias aparecidas al azar y de tipo sincrónico por ser diagnosticadas en el mismo espacio temporal. Se practicó laparotomía exploradora con exéresis de lesión anexial y de apéndice cecal. La lesión hepática recibió quimioembilización transarte rial por radiología intervencionista. Posterior a la intervención quirúrgica, la paciente presenta buen estado general. En seguimiento con resonancia magnética se cataloga con persistencia de lesión hepática ya tratada, por lo tanto, con enfermedad estable; se refiere a oncología clínica para valoración de quimioterapia en el manejo del pseudomixoma peritoneal. Dieciocho meses después de los diagnósticos iniciales, se documenta carcinoma basocelular y se cataloga como neoplasia metacrónica por la diferencia de tiempo entre los diagnósticos


A 72-year-old female patient with a one-year history of abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant, colicky, radiating to the back, accompanied by adynamia and weight loss. Abdominal distension and a painful mass on palpation in the right hypochondrium were evidenced. Imaging studies identified different lesions in the hepatic parenchyma, right adnexa, peritoneum and cecal appendix. The histopathological study described the presence of clear cell hepatocellular carcinoma, borderline mucinous tumor of low malignant potential or borderline, peritoneal pseudomyxoma and low-grade mucinous neoplasm of the cecal appendix respectively, as synchronous neoplasms. An exploratory laparotomy was performed with excision of the adnexal lesion and the cecal appendix. The hepatic lesion received transarterial chemoembilization by interventional radiology. Follow-up with conservative management by clinical oncology was indicated. The patient evolved with good general condition, in the follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging was classified with persistence of stable hepatic lesion. Eighteen months after the diagnosis of synchronous neoplasms, basal cell carcinoma was identified, due to the difference in the time of diagnosis this is considered a metachronous neoplasm


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Neoplasms , Ultrasonics , Tomography , El Salvador , Medical Oncology
2.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(6): 904-911, Fevereiro 7, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358382

ABSTRACT

A blefaroplastia é atualmente o tratamento cirúrgico mais indicado na reversão dos efeitos do envelhecimento palpebral. Porém, a técnica é cara, extremamente invasiva, com recuperação pós-cirúrgica lenta e só pode ser realizada por cirurgiões em ambiente hospitalar. O ultrassom tem se mostrado um método seguro e eficaz no tratamento antienvelhecimento cutâneo, mas pouco se tem pesquisado sobre o efeito do ultrassom na dermatocalase. Este estudo piloto têm como objeto avaliar um emissor ultrassônico no tratamento de rejuvenescimento da região periorbicular. Trata-se uma pesquisa qualitativa descritiva de estudo de casos, no qual foram avaliadas duas voluntárias submetidas a tratamento com ultrassom. Após as sessões, foi possível observar retomada de viço e redução de flacidez palpebral, com consequente minimização da dermatocalase e rugas adjacentes. O uso do ultrassom se mostrou satisfatório e eficaz, principalmente na remodelação na região acometida por dermatocalase. Além disso, a técnica apresenta melhor custo-benefício e recuperação pós-procedimento mais curta em relação a outras terapias atualmente empregadas para tratamento da região periorbital. (AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Rejuvenation , Therapeutics , Ultrasonics , Aging , Blepharoplasty
3.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(2): e20201070, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1286055

ABSTRACT

A comparative study was perfomed with conventional and ultrasound assisted extraction on tomato processing waste. Ultrasound extraction exhibited slightly higher phenolic and flavonoids content, as well as higher ABTS + radical scavenging capacity (4.63 mg GAE.g-1, 0.96 mg RUE.g-1 and 27.90 µmol TE.g -1 respectively). On both extracts, a high percentage of flavonoids was lost during simulated digestion, resulting on a bioacessibility of approximately 13 %. Extracts presented good stability during storage conditions, which indicates a possible technological application.


Foi realizado um estudo comparativo com a extração convencional e assistida por ultrassom em resíduos do processamento de tomate. A extração ultrassônica exibiu teor de fenólicos e flavonóides ligeiramente maiores, bem como maior capacidade antioxidante ABTS + (4,63 mg AG.g-1, 0,96 mg RUE.g-1 e 27,90 µmol TE.g -1, respectivamente). Em ambos os extratos, uma alta porcentagem de flavonóides foi perdida durante a digestão simulada, resultando em uma bioacessibilidade de aproximadamente 13%. Os extratos apresentaram boa estabilidade durante as condições de armazenamento, o que indica uma possível aplicação tecnológica.


Subject(s)
Lycopersicon esculentum/chemistry , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Phytochemicals/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Ultrasonics
4.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3)Sept-Dec.2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379089

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A descoloração da estrutura dentária representa um grande problema estético e uma das razões mais comuns pelas quais os pacientes vão ao cirurgião-dentista. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a descoloração dentinária causada pelo emprego dos cimentos obturadores endodônticos AH Plus, MTA Fillapex, Pulp Ca- nal Sealer EWT e Sealer Plus; além de avaliar a influência do uso da agitação ultrassônica (AUS). Métodos: Oitenta blocos de dentes bovinos foram confeccionados e tiveram cavidades circulares preparadas em suas faces palatinas, deixando remanescente de 2,0mm de espessura. Em seguida, os blocos foram randomicamente divididos em função do cimento utilizado e do uso ou não da AUS (n=10). A cor foi mensurada por meio de um espectrofotômetro após a inserção dos cimentos e restauração das cavidades, nos tempos: imediatamente após a inserção dos cimentos (T0 ), após 7 dias (T1 ) e após 180 dias (T2 ). Resultados: Observou-se alteração de cor clinicamente perceptível (ΔE>3,7) causada pelos quatro cimentos obturadores, tanto após 7 dias quanto após 180 dias. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os grupos nos dois tempos (p>0,05). Conclusões: Pôde-se concluir que os cimentos analisados causaram escurecimento dentinário clinicamente perceptível já após 7 dias, o qual perdurou por todo o período da análise; ainda, que a agitação ultrassônica não interferiu significativamente na ΔE, não influenciando na descoloração dentinária causada pelos cimentos testados (AU).


Introduction: Tooth discoloration is an aesthetic problem commonly reported by patients as one of the main reasons to seek a dentist. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the dentin discoloration caused by AH Plus, MTA Fillapex, Sealer Plus and Pulp Canal Sealer EWT endodontic sealers, associated or not with ultrasonic agitation during the obturation. Methods: Round cavities were prepared on the palatal faces of eighty bovine teeth slabs, preserving a 2 mm of dentin thickness. The slabs were randomly separated in groups by type of sealer employed and based on the use or not of ultrasonic agitation (n = 10). The color was measured by a spectrophotometer after sealer insertion into the cavities (T0), after 7 (T1) and 180 days (T2). Results: Clinically detectable discoloration (∆E > 3,7) was present in all groups at T1 and T2. Statistically significant differences were not found between T1 and T2 (P > .05). Conclusion: All endodontic sealers tested caused dentin discoloration after 7 days. The color-changing persisted thought the entire experimental period. Moreover, the ultrasonic agitation did not influence on the dentin discoloration caused by the endodontic sealers tested (AU).


Subject(s)
Cattle , Ultrasonics , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , Tooth Discoloration
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 339-345, nov.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354635

ABSTRACT

En la práctica clínica, los odontólogos se encuentran expuestos al riesgo de infecciones, que se transmiten a través de instrumentos contaminados con exudados. Instrumentos en contacto con el personal deben estar esterilizados o sometidos a un proceso de desinfección. Se realizó un estudio transversal-prospectivo a 30 pacientes, de los que se tomaron tres muestras con espejos estériles, pasando por fondo de saco, carrillos y lengua, después las muestras se desinfectaron, se realizó el hisopado de cada espejo y se incubó en agar tripticaseína-soya (TSA) 24 horas a 37 oC. Pasadas 24 horas se realizaron diluciones en tubos Eppendorf, y se sembraron en cajas de Petri con agar sangre, se incubaron por 48 horas a 37 oC; se contabilizaron las unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC) y registraron para su análisis. Al obtener los resultados se encontró que ID 213 tuvo mayor reducción con una media = 62.5 en comparación con Zeta 1 Ultra, media = 89.23, y control, media = 164.50, de igual manera se observó una diferencia en reducción de UFC/mL entre ID 213 con respecto a Zeta 1 Ultra con significancia de 0.012. Ambos desinfectantes resultaron efectivos, pero se estableció que ID 213 utilizando la tina ultrasónica resulta más efectivo en la reducción de UFC, que Zeta 1 Ultra (AU)


In clinical practice, dentists are exposed to the risk of infections, which are transmitted through instruments contaminated with exudates. Instruments in contact with personnel must be sterilized or subjected to a disinfection process. A cross-sectional-prospective study was carried out in 30 patients. From which three samples were taken with sterile mirrors, passing through cul-de-sac, cheeks and tongue, later the samples were disinfected with disinfectants, each mirror was swabbed and incubated in TSA 24 hours at 37 oC. After 24 hours, dilutions were made in Eppendorf tubes, and they were seeded in Petri dishes with blood agar, they were incubated 48 hours at 37 oC; CFUs were accounted for and recorded for analysis. When obtaining the results, it was found that ID 213 had a greater reduction with mean = 62.5 compared to Zeta 1 Ultra mean = 89.23 and control mean = 164.50, in the same way a difference in reduction of CFU/mL was observed between ID 213 with respect to Zeta 1 Ultra with significance of 0.012. Both disinfectants were effective but it was established that ID 213 using the ultrasonic tub is more effective in reducing CFU, than Zeta 1 Ultra (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ultrasonics , Infection Control, Dental , Disinfectants , Effectiveness , Colony Count, Microbial , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Culture Media , Mexico , Military Dentistry
6.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-16, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292541

ABSTRACT

For a long time, any heart-based injury was an off-limits area for surgeons; a patient with a traumatic cardiac injury was doomed to die. Little more than one hundred years have passed since the first surgical correction of a penetrating cardiac injury and there is still a high rate of mortality, despite the medical advances. We present the case of 6 patients with penetrating cardiac injuries that were repaired at a third level hospital of Mexico, alongside relevant findings on the literature about the topic. From 2019 to 2020, an incidence of 6 patients with penetrating cardiac injuries was present; all men aged 30 years or older. The etiology of 4 (67%) patients was stab wounds and 2 (33%) gunshot wounds. Left anterolateral thoracotomy was used on 5 (83%) patients and midline sternotomy on 1 (17%) patient. 2 (33%) injuries on the left ventricle presented along with coronary arteries injuries. Left ventricle and right atrium injuries presented each 50% of mortality. The mortality was of 33%, 1 patient died due to intraoperative complications and another one due to massive cerebral infarction and polyuric syndrome because of diabetes insipidus. There is a long path ahead of the surgical field on this topic and further to be analyzed. An excellent tool for cardiac tamponade diagnosis due to penetrating cardiac injuries is cardiac ultrasound, therefore it should be used on every hemodynamic unstable patient in the context of PCI. Definitively, time is of the essence, and the survival of patients depends on immediate transport to a hospital and an opportune surgical intervention.


Durante mucho tiempo las heridas en el corazón eran un área prohibida para el cirujano. Cualquier persona con herida penetrante cardíaca estaba condenada a morir. Poco más de cien años han transcurrido desde la primera corrección quirúrgica de una herida penetrante cardíaca y sigue habiendo una tasa alta de mortalidad, a pesar de los avances médicos. Se presenta una serie de casos de 6 pacientes con heridas penetrantes cardíacas que fueron reparadas en un hospital de tercer nivel de México, junto con revisión de la literatura. Desde el 2019 al 2020, hubo una incidencia de 6 pacientes con heridas penetrantes cardíacas; todos fueron hombres de 30 años o mayores. La etiología en 4 (67%) casos fueron heridas por arma blanca y 2 (33%) por herida por proyectil de arma de fuego. Se usó el abordaje por toracotomía anterolateral izquierda en 5 (83%) pacientes y esternotomía media en 1 (17%) paciente. Dos (33%) heridas se suscitaron en el ventrículo izquierdo en conjunto con heridas en arterias coronarias. Heridas en el ventrículo izquierdo y atrio derecho presentaron una mortalidad del 50% cada una. La mortalidad total fue de 33%, 1 paciente falleció por complicaciones intraoperatorias y otro más por infarto cerebral masivo y síndrome poliúrico causado por diabetes insípida. Hay un gran camino por recorrer en el ámbito quirúrgico de este tipo de heridas y más por ser analizado. Una herramienta útil para el diagnóstico del taponamiento cardíaco por heridas penetrantes cardíacas es el ultrasonido cardíaco, y, por ende, debe ser usado en todo paciente con inestabilidad hemodinámica en el contexto de una herida penetrante cardíaca. Definitivamente, el tiempo es vida, y la sobrevivencia de estos pacientes depende del transporte inmediato a un hospital y una intervención quirúrgica oportuna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Myocardial Contusions/therapy , Myocardial Contusions/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonics/methods
7.
Dent. press endod ; 11(2): 38-43, maio-ago.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377785

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar, ex vivo, a capacidade de elevação do pH da superfície radicular externa de diferentes pastas de hidróxido de cálcio (HC) utilizadas como medicação intracanal, além da influência da ativação ultrassônica (AUS) durante aplicação no interior do canal radicular. Métodos: Foram utilizados 100 incisivos humanos superiores unirradiculares, que tiveram os canais radiculares modelados e divididos aleatoriamente em seis grupos experimentais (n=15), de acordo com a pasta de HC, tendo como variáveis as medicações utilizadas e a ativação da pasta com AUS no momento da aplicação, além de um grupo controle (n=10): Pasta Calen; HC+clorexidina 2% gel (CX2%); e HC + água destilada. Os dentes foram mantidos imersos em água deionizada e as medidas do pH, verificadas nos períodos de 7, 14, 21 e 28 dias, com auxílio de pHmetro. Resultados: De acordo com os dados obtidos, verificou-se elevação do pH nos períodos de 7 e 14 dias em todos os grupos. Apenas os grupos em que foi utilizada a associação do HC com CX2% apresentou evolução com aumento significativo do pH ao longo dos períodos analisados (p<0,05). A ativação das pastas com AUS proporcionou incremento significativo dos valores de pH (p<0,05). Conclusão: De acordo com a metodologia empregada, pode-se concluir que todas as pastas utilizadas promovem elevação do pH no tecido dentinário, e a ativação das pastas com AUS influencia significativamente na elevação do pH no tecido dentinário (AU).


Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate, ex-vivo, the pH elevation capacity on the external root surface of different calcium hydroxide (HC) pastes, utilized as intracanal medication, it was also evaluated the influence of the ultrasonic activation at the application within the root canal. Methods: 100 human single root superior incisors were used, which had their root canals shaped and randomly divided into 6 experimental groups (n=15) according to the following HC pastes: Calen; HC + Chlorhex- idine 2% gel (CX2%); HC + distilled water, utilizing the medications and the ultrasonic activation of the paste at the time of the application as variables and 1 control group (n=10). The teeth were kept immersed in deionized water and the pH parameters were verified in 7, 14, 21 and 28 days with a pH measurement machine. Results: According to the data obtained, pH was elevated in the first week in all groups. Only the groups which the association of HC with CX2% was made, did show a significant increase in the pH level over the analyzed periods (p < 0,05). The activation of the pastes with US provided a significant increase in pH values (p < 0,05). Conclusion: According to the methodology used, we can conclude that all the HC pastes used, promote pH elevation in dentin tissue. And the acti- vation of the pastes with US significantly influences the pH increase in dentin tissue


Subject(s)
Humans , Ointments/adverse effects , Ultrasonics , Calcium Hydroxide , Chlorhexidine , Alkalinization , Methods
8.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 372-376, Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288601

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: By studying the recognition effect of ultrasonic biological image data analysis on muscle group motion function, the evaluation value and significance of ultrasonic biomedical image combination algorithm on muscle group motion function are discussed. Methods: A Gabor filtering algorithm is proposed to smooth the original image. The MVEF algorithm is used to enhance the ultrasonic image and binary further the image again. Using the principle of the Hove transform, the thickness of the muscle is automatically estimated. Results: The square of correlation coefficients of the manual measurement method, Gabor filtering algorithm and MVEF algorithm are 91.3%, 91.3% and 87.8%, respectively. The difference between the manual measurement and the estimation based on the Gabor filtering algorithm is 1.45 ± 0.48mm. The difference between the results of manual measurement and the MVEF algorithm is 1.38 ± 0.56mm. The computation time of the MVEF algorithm and Gabor algorithm are 5 seconds and 0.3 seconds, respectively. Conclusions: The algorithm proposed in this study can effectively measure the muscle thickness, fast, convenient and accurate, and can reflect the contractility of skeletal muscle well, which is of great value for the recognition and evaluation of muscle group movement function. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Objetivo: Ao estudar o efeito de reconhecimento da análise de dados de imagem biológica ultrassônica na função de movimento do grupo muscular, o valor de avaliação e a importância do algoritmo de combinação de imagem biomédica ultrassônica na função de movimento do grupo muscular são discutidos. Métodos: Um algoritmo de filtragem Gabor é proposto para suavizar a imagem original. O algoritmo MVEF é usado para aprimorar ainda mais a imagem ultrassônica e binar a imagem novamente. Usando o princípio da transformada de H ove, a espessura do músculo é automaticamente estimada. Resultados: O quadrado dos coeficientes de correlação do método de medição manual, algoritmo de filtragem Gabor e algoritmo MVEF são 91,3%, 91,3% e 87,8%, respectivamente. A diferença entre a medição manual e a estimativa baseada no algoritmo de filtragem Gabor é 1,45 ± 0,48 mm. A diferença entre os resultados da medição manual e o algoritmo MVEF é de 1,38 ± 0,56 mm. O tempo de cálculo do algoritmo MVEF e do algoritmo Gabor é de 5 segundos e 0,3 segundos, respectivamente. Conclusões: O algoritmo proposto neste estudo pode medir efetivamente a espessura muscular, de forma rápida, conveniente e precisa, e pode refletir bem a contratilidade do músculo esquelético, o que é de grande valor para o reconhecimento e avaliação da função de movimento do grupo muscular. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Al estudiar el efecto de reconocimiento del análisis de datos de imágenes biológicas ultrasónicas sobre la función del movimiento del grupo muscular, se discuten el valor de evaluación y la importancia del algoritmo de combinación de imágenes biomédicas ultrasónicas sobre la función del movimiento del grupo muscular. Métodos: Se propone un algoritmo de filtrado de Gabor para suavizar la imagen original. El algoritmo MVEF se utiliza para mejorar aún más la imagen ultrasónica y volver a binar la imagen. Utilizando el principio de la transformada de H ove, el grosor del músculo se estima automáticamente. Resultados: El cuadrado de los coeficientes de correlación del método de medición manual, el algoritmo de filtrado de Gabor y el algoritmo MVEF son 91,3%, 91,3% y 87,8%, respectivamente. La diferencia entre la medición manual y la estimación basada en el algoritmo de filtrado de Gabor es de 1,45 ± 0,48 mm. La diferencia entre los resultados de la medición manual y el algoritmo MVEF es 1,38 ± 0,56 mm. El tiempo de cálculo del algoritmo MVEF y el algoritmo de Gabor son 5 segundos y 0,3 segundos respectivamente. Conclusiones: El algoritmo propuesto en este estudio puede medir eficazmente el grosor muscular, de forma rápida, conveniente y precisa, y puede reflejar bien la contractilidad del músculo esquelético, lo cual es de gran valor para el reconocimiento y evaluación de la función del movimiento de grupos musculares. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ultrasonics/methods , Algorithms , Muscles/physiopathology , Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Data Analysis
9.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 20-26, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252895

ABSTRACT

Cuando fracasa el tratamiento conservador en el Estadio I de Disfunción del Tendón Tibial posterior (DTTP), se debe indicar sinovectomía y debridamiento del tendón. En este estudio evaluamos la evolución con 8 años mínimo de seguimiento, de los pacientes con esta patología tratados vía tenoscópica. Este es un estudio retrospectivo de pacientes operados entre el año 2008 y el año 2011. En ese período de tiempo se intervinieron 11 pacientes con esta patología. Sólo 9 de los 11 pacientes operados pudieron ser evaluados. 7 pacientes mejoraron su sintomatología según el VAS y no progresaron a estadio II. En 3 pacientes se evidenció lesión tendinosa durante la tendoscopía y ameritaron reparación a cielo abierto. La sinovectomía tendoscópica del TTP es un procedimiento quirúrgico efectivo para tratar a los pacientes con DTTP Estadio I, rebeldes a tratamiento conservador(AU)


When conservative treatment fails for Stage I Posterior Tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD), synovectomy and tendon debridement is indicated. In this study we evaluate tendoscopic treatment results for this pathology with a minimum of 8 years follow up. This is a retrospective study of patients after tendoscopic surgery performed between 2008 and 2011. 9 of the 11 patients were available for evaluation. 7 improved their symptoms according to VAS scale, and did not progress to stage II. In 3 patients tendon tear was visualized during tendoscopy and needed open repair. PTT tendoscopy is an effective surgical treatment to treat Stage I PTTD, failing to conservative treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Flatfoot , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction/pathology , Tendinopathy , Synovectomy , Ultrasonics , Cryotherapy , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Debridement
11.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(1): e1399, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156554

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El ultrasonido endobronquial lineal con aspiración transbronquial por aguja fina es una técnica novedosa para el diagnóstico de tumores y ganglios mediastínicos e hiliares. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia diagnóstica de ultrasonido endobronquial lineal con aspiración transbronquial por aguja fina como método de estudio de lesiones hiliares y mediastinales. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo con carácter prospectivo en 49 pacientes a los que se le realizó ultrasonido endobronquial lineal con aspiración transbronquial por aguja fina. Resultados: El diagnóstico se obtuvo mediante la histología y resultaron positivos 48 pacientes, de ellos 45 fueron positivos por el ultrasonido endobronquial lineal con aspiración transbronquial por aguja fina y 4 negativos por este estudio. El resultado global de la investigación mostró una sensibilidad de 93,8 %, especificidad 100 %, valor predictivo positivo de 100 % y predictivo negativo 25 %. De esta manera, el índice de validez de ultrasonido endobronquial lineal con aspiración transbronquial por aguja fina fue de 93,8 %. El número de complicaciones fue mínimo. Conclusiones: El ultrasonido endobronquial lineal con aspiración transbronquial por aguja fina constituye un método diagnóstico eficaz y seguro en el estudio de pacientes que presentan lesiones hiliares y mediastinales con alta sospecha de cáncer de pulmón y a su vez, una alternativa de acceder al mediastino de manera no cruenta para la estadificación ganglionar.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Linear endobronchial ultrasound with transbronchial fine needle aspiration is a novel technique for the diagnosis of tumors and mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of linear endobronchial ultrasound with transbronchial fine needle aspiration as a method of studying hila and mediastinal lesions. Methods: A prospective descriptive study was carried out in 49 patients who underwent linear endobronchial ultrasound with transbronchial fine needle aspiration. Results: The diagnosis was obtained by histology and 48 patients were positive, 45 of them resulted positive by linear endobronchial ultrasound with transbronchial fine needle aspiration and 4 resulted negative by this study. The overall result of the investigation showed a sensitivity of 93.8%, specificity 100%, a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 25%. Thus, the validity index of linear endobronchial ultrasound with transbronchial fine needle aspiration was 93.8%. The number of complications was minimal. Conclusions: Linear endobronchial ultrasound with transbronchial fine needle aspiration is an effective and safe diagnostic method in the study of patients with hilar and mediastinal lesions with high suspicion of lung cancer and, consecutively, it is an alternative to access the mediastinum in a non- invasive approach for lymph node staging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ultrasonics/methods , Bronchoscopy/methods , Biopsy, Fine-Needle/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922053

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound guided needle biopsy or catheterization is a rising operation in clinical diagnosis and treatment. However, poor visualization under ultrasound is the main disadvantage of this technique. This paper summarized the basic methods used to solve such problem, as well as the corresponding product technical requirements.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Needles , Ultrasonics , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prenatal ultrasonic characteristics and genetic features of 14 fetuses with chromosome 22q11 microdeletion syndrome (22q11DS).@*METHODS@#4989 fetuses were analyzed by using single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) in the Fujian Maternal and Child Health Hospital from November 2016 to November 2019.@*RESULTS@#SNP array showed that 11 fetuses had classic 3 Mb microdeletion in 22q11 region, one fetus had 2.0 Mb microdeletion, and two fetuses had 1.0 Mb microdeletion. The 1.0 Mb microdeletion in 22q11 region contains SNAP29 and CRKL genes, which may increase the risk of congenital renal malformation and cardiovascular malformation.@*CONCLUSION@#Prenatal ultrasonic characteristics of fetuses with 22q11 microdeletion syndrome vary, and SNP array is a powerful tool to diagnose such diseases, which can provide accurate genetic diagnosis and enable prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
22q11 Deletion Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22/genetics , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonics
14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06598, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1340345

ABSTRACT

Objective was to evaluate the accuracy of elastography in the differentiation between normal and cataract lenses One hundred forty-five eyes of 98 dogs were divided into groups according to cataract stage. Forty-twoeyes were submitted to phacoemulsification. Biometric parameters, echogenicity and echotexture patterns of the anterior, posterior and vitreous chambers, lens and retina-choroid-sclera complexes were evaluated by ocular ultrasound in modes A and B. Deformability, and color (blue color = indicated less rigid structures, color red = more rigid structures) of the lenses were evaluated by the elastogram. The shear wave velocity (SWV; m/s) was calculated in three regions of the lens, both in the cortex and in the nucleus. The SWV of nucleus was statistically different between the normal lenses and with cataracts, and between the stages of cataract (P<0.001). Healthy lenses and incipient cataracts had a more rigid nucleus. Mature cataracts presented lowest nuclear rigidity (P<0.001). On cortical region the SWV was significantly higher (P<0.01) in intumescent and incipient cataracts. SWV less than 2.67m/s indicates cataract with a sensitivity of 72% and specificity of 94%. Values lower than 2.23m/s suggest mature cataract, with sensitivity of 71% and specificity of 76%. SWV greater than 2.66 m/s are associated with normal lenses or incipient cataract, presenting sensitivity of 94% and specificity of 84%. Qualitative method allowed differentiation between healthy and affected lenses and the classification of evolutionary stages. There was a correlation between the degree of stiffness of lens in cortical and nuclear regions (p=00165, r=0.37) and between the balanced saline solution quantitative and surgical time (P<0.01, r=0.73). Degree of stiffness of lens did not correlate with parameters of phacoemulsification. Elastographic proved feasible for evaluating the lens of dogs, characterizing the types of cataracts, and demonstrating increased stiffness of the diseased lenses.(AU)


O objetivo foi avaliar a precisão da elastografia na diferenciação entre lentes normais e de catarata. Cento e quarenta e cinco olhos de 98 cães foram divididos em grupos de acordo com o estágio de maturação da catarata. Quarenta e dois olhos foram submetidos à facoemulsificação. Parâmetros biométricos, ecogenicidade e padrões de ecotextura das câmaras anterior, posterior e vítrea, lente e complexos retina-coróide-esclera foram avaliados por ultrassonografia ocular nos modos A e B. A deformabilidade e a coloração (cor azul = indicou estruturas menos rígidas, cor vermelha = estruturas mais rígidas) das lentes foram avaliadas pelo elastograma. A velocidade da onda de cisalhamento (SWV; m/s) foi calculada em três regiões da lente, tanto no córtex quanto no núcleo. A SWV do núcleo foi estatisticamente diferente entre as lentes normais e com catarata e entre os estágios da catarata (P<0,001). Lentes saudáveis e cataratas incipientes tinham um núcleo mais rígido. Cataratas maduras apresentaram menor rigidez nuclear (P<0,001). Na região cortical, a SWV foi significativamente maior (P<0,01) nas cataratas intumescentes e incipientes. Uma SWV menor que 2,67m/s indica catarata com sensibilidade de 72% e especificidade de 94%. Valores inferiores a 2,23m/s sugerem catarata madura, com sensibilidade de 71% e especificidade de 76%. Uma SWV superior a 2,66m/s está associada à catarata normal ou incipiente, apresentando sensibilidade de 94% e especificidade de 84%. O método qualitativo permitiu a diferenciação entre lentes normais de olhos saudáveis e afetadas e a classificação dos estágios evolutivos. A elastografia se mostrara uma ferramenta viável para avaliar as lentes de cães, caracterizando os tipos de catarata e demonstrando maior rigidez das lentes doentes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Dogs , Cataract/veterinary , Dogs , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/veterinary , Ultrasonics , Phacoemulsification
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e003, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132743

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The present study investigated the intracanal decontamination and apical extrusion of bacteria and debris from root canals instrumented with rotary and reciprocating systems (ProDesign Logic or ProDesign R), with different file diameters and using conventional syringe irrigation (CSI) or passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI). Eighty extracted mandibular premolars were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis and randomly assigned to eight experimental groups according to the root canal instrumentation and irrigation technique employed (n = 10): G1: Prodesign Logic 25.06; G2: Prodesign R 25.06; G3 and G4 were instrumented with the same single-file systems, respectively, using 35.05 diameters and CSI. G5, G6, G7, and G8 were instrumented like the previous groups, but with PUI. Apically extruded debris during instrumentation was collected into pre-weighed microtubes. The weight of the empty microtube was subtracted from the final weight to establish the amount of extruded debris. Bacteria from root canals and extruded debris were collected for a microbiological evaluation of colony forming units (CFU/mL). For statistical analyses, the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis followed by the Dunn's tests were used (α = 0.05). All instruments caused extrusion of debris. For irrigation techniques, PUI promoted greater debris and bacterial extrusion (p < 0.05). The CFU/mL count indicated that the instrumentation of the experimental groups were equally effective in the decontamination of the root canal (p > 0.05). The systems tested (regarding file diameter and kinematics) were associated with similar amounts of apically extruded debris and root canal decontamination. PUI was associated with greater debris and bacterial extrusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation , Tooth Apex , Ultrasonics , Biomechanical Phenomena , Decontamination , Dental Pulp Cavity
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-8, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282062

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of scaling procedures using different ultrasonic tips on the surface roughness, color stability and bacterial accumulation of lithium disilicate ceramic. Material and Methods: Scaling procedure was carried out using ultrasonic scaler (Satalec, Acteon, North America) with stainless-steel tip (US), titanium tip (UT) and plastic tip (UP), on disc shaped lithium disilicate samples cemented into a cavity prepared onto the labial surface of freshly extracted bovine teeth (10 samples per group). The samples were stored in coffee solution in an incubator at 37°C for 12 days, which is equivalent to 1 year of coffee consumption. The surface roughness was measured before and after the scaling procedure using a profilometer and atomic force microscopy. The color parameters were measured before and after scaling and staining procedures using VITA Easyshade Advance 4.0 according to the CIE L*a*b* color order system. The samples were then incubated with Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) suspension. After incubation, the plates with 30 to 300 typical colonies of S. mutans were counted in a colony counter and mean values of colony forming units were obtained (CFU/mL). Results:The titanium scaling tip showed a statistically significant higher mean values of change in surface roughness ΔRa and bacterial count than the plastic scaling tip. Color changes (ΔE) were not a statistically significant among the groups. The results showed a statistically significant positive (direct) correlation between surface roughness and color change (p = 0.012) and also between surface roughness and bacterial count (p = 0.00). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, titanium scaling instruments cause irreversible surface alterations of lithium disilcate ceramics which was in direct correlation to the color changes and bacterial accumulation; therefore, dentists should proceed with caution when scaling lithium disilicate surfaces. The findings of the current study may indicate the need for instruments or equipment that can remove plaque and calculus without causing surface damage (AU)


Introdução: Avaliar o efeito de procedimentos de raspagem com diferentes pontas de ultrassom na rugosidade superficial, estabilidade de cor e acúmulo bacteriano em cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio. Material e Métodos: O procedimento de raspagem foi realizado usando um aparelho de ultrassom (Satalec, Acteon, América do Norte) com ponta de aço inoxidável (US), ponta de titânio (UT) e ponta de plástico (UP), em amostras de dissilicato de lítio em forma de disco cimentadas em uma cavidade preparada na superfície vestibular de dentes bovinos recém-extraídos (10 amostras por grupo). As amostras foram armazenadas em solução de café em incubadora a 37 ° C por 12 dias, o que equivale a 1 ano de consumo de café. A rugosidade da superfície foi medida antes e após o procedimento de raspagem usando um perfilômetro e um microscópio de força atômica. Os parâmetros de cor foram medidos antes e depois dos procedimentos de raspagem e armazenagem no café usando VITA Easyshade Advance 4.0 de acordo com o sistema de ordem de cores CIE L*a*b*. As amostras foram incubadas com suspensão de Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). Após a incubação, as placas com 30 a 300 colônias típicas de S. mutans foram contadas em contador de colônias e obtidos os valores médios das unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC / mL). Resultados: A ponta de titânio mostrou valores estatisticamente maiores de mudança na rugosidade da superfície ΔRa e contagem de bactérias do que a ponta de raspagem de plástico. A mudança de cor (ΔE) não foi estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos. Os resultados mostraram uma correlação positiva (direta) estatisticamente significativa entre rugosidade superficial e alteração de cor (p = 0,012) e também entre rugosidade superficial e contagem bacteriana (p = 0,00). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, os instrumentos de raspagem de titânio causam alterações irreversíveis na superfície das cerâmicas de dissilicato de lítio que estão em correlação direta com as mudanças de cor e o acúmulo de bactérias. Portanto, os dentistas devem proceder com cautela ao realizar raspagem em superfícies de dissilicato de lítio. Os resultados deste estudo podem indicar a necessidade de instrumentos ou equipamentos que possam remover a placa e cálculo sem causar danos à superfície. (AU)


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Ultrasonics , Bacterial Adhesion , Dental Scaling , Color
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the impacts on weight reduction effect treated with acupoint thread embedding therapy at different tissue levels under ultrasonic guidance.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients with overweight or obesity were randomized into a shallow-tissue thread embedding group (35 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a deep-tissue thread embedding group (35 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Under ultrasonic guidance, the thread was embedded in the shallow tissue level and the deep tissue level respectively. The acupoints were Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Shuifen (CV 9), Zhongji (CV 3), etc. The thread embedding therapy was exerted once every 2 weeks, totally for 3 times. Before and 2 weeks after treatment, body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and hip circumference were recorded in the patients of the two groups separately. After each treatment, the number and the property of blood vessels under each acupoint were detected by ultrasound. Besides, the needling sensation and the intensity were scored and the adverse events were observed after thread embedding therapy.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the reduction range of body mass, BMI and waist circumference in the deep-tissue thread embedding group were larger than those in the shallow-tissue thread embedding group successively (@*CONCLUSION@#The deep-tissue thread embedding therapy achieves the stronger


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Body Mass Index , Catgut , Humans , Ultrasonics , Weight Loss
18.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e298, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156592

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Diferentes estudios relacionan el diagnóstico del ultrasonido de alta resolución con el diagnóstico artroscópico del manguito rotador, ambos métodos son favorables y muestran una alta sensibilidad y especificidad al compararlos. Objetivo: Establecer la eficacia diagnóstica entre los hallazgos ecográficos de alta resolución y el diagnóstico artroscópico de rupturas parciales y completas del manguito rotador. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico transversal con el objetivo de evaluar la eficacia diagnóstica del ultrasonido de alta resolución en pacientes del Hospital Provincial General Docente Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola, de Ciego de Ávila, con diagnóstico clínico de rupturas parciales y completas del manguito rotador, de enero del 2016 a enero del 2019. El universo estuvo constituido por 62 pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de ruptura del manguito rotador que presentaban indicaciones quirúrgicas, a los que se les indicó un estudio imagenológico con ultrasonido de alta resolución y, con posterioridad, se les realizó la intervención quirúrgica por artroscopia, que fue tomada como criterio de verdad. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, con una edad media menor que los del sexo femenino. Los hallazgos diagnósticos por ambos métodos mostraron concordancia en más de dos tercios de los pacientes que presentaron rupturas parciales y completas del espesor del manguito rotador. La ultrasonografía según el método empleado resultó un medio diagnóstico eficaz para las rupturas parciales y completas del espesor del manguito rotador. Conclusiones: El ultrasonido de alta resolución presentó una adecuada correlación en el diagnóstico de lesiones parciales o completas del manguito rotador, confirmada por artroscopia y es considerado un medio diagnóstico eficaz(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Different studies relate the diagnosis of high-resolution ultrasound with the arthroscopic diagnosis of the rotator cuff. Both methods are favorable and show high sensitivity and specificity when they are compared. Objective: To establish diagnostic efficacy between the findings of high-resolution ultrasound and the arthroscopic diagnosis of partial and complete ruptures of the rotator cuff. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out, aimed at evaluating the diagnostic efficacy of high-resolution ultrasound in patients of Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola Provincial General Teaching Hospital, in Ciego de Ávila, with a clinical diagnosis of partial and complete ruptures of the rotator cuff, from January 2016 to January 2019. The universe consisted of 62 patients with a clinical diagnosis of rotator cuff rupture who presented surgical indications, and who were also indicated for an imaging study with high-resolution ultrasound and, subsequently, performed arthroscopic surgery, taken as a criterion of truth. Results: The male sex predominated, with an average age lower than those corresponding to female sex. The diagnostic findings by both methods showed agreement in more than two thirds of the patients who presented partial and complete ruptures of the rotator cuff's thickness. Ultrasonography, according to the method used, was an effective diagnostic tool for partial and complete ruptures of the rotator cuff's thickness. Conclusions: High-resolution ultrasound showed an adequate correlation in the diagnosis of partial or complete ruptures of rotator cuff, as confirmed by arthroscopy. It is considered an effective diagnostic means(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy/methods , Ultrasonics/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(4): e204, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1144315

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The use of ultrasound in regional anesthesia has become a standard technique to improve nerve block accuracy and reduce associated complications. The literature reports a good correlation between the distance from the skin to the dura mater or the ligamentum flavum measured on ultrasound and the conventional technique of "loss of resistance". Latin American populations have not been included in the studies conducted so far but, because of differences in physical build, it is important to determine whether this correlation is maintained in the various populations. This paper offers new information about the role of ultrasound in determining the distance to the ligamentum flavum and recognizing the proximity of the dura mater to avoid accidental puncture of this structure in Latin American populations. Objective: To determine correlation and concordance in estimating the distance from the skin to the epidural space between the loss of resistance technique and ultrasound measurement. Methodology: Observational study conducted in 52 pediatric patients who received general anesthesia plus epidural analgesia for acute perioperative pain management between July 2014 and November 2015 to assess correlation and concordance between loss of resistance and ultrasound measurement of distance to the epidural space. Results: There is a correlation between distances measured using the two techniques, which appears to be higher as patient age increases. As for concordance, the study found that 0.43 cm should be added to the ultrasound measurement to achieve agreement with the distance obtained using the loss of resistance technique; however, the interval between the two measurements is 1.15 cm. Conclusions: A correlation was found between the measurement taken from the skin to the epidural space using ultrasound and the measurement obtained with the traditional needle puncture and loss of resistance technique. Although concordance was not as expected and the distance measured with ultrasound may be smaller than the real measurement with the needle, ultrasound offers good guidance regarding proximity to the epidural space.


Resumen Introducción: El uso del ultrasonido en la anestesia regional se ha convertido en una técnica estándar para mejorar la precisión de los bloqueos nerviosos y disminuir las complicaciones relacionadas con dicha anestesia. La literatura informa que hay una buena correlación entre la distancia entre la duramadre o el ligamento amarillo y la piel según el ultrasonido y la técnica convencional de "pérdida de resistencia". Los estudios realizados hasta ahora no han incluido población latinoamericana y, debido a las diferencias en la contextura física, es importante determinar si esta correlación se mantiene en varias poblaciones. Con este trabajo se aporta nueva información sobre la utilidad del ultrasonido para determinar la distancia al ligamento amarillo y advertir la cercanía de la duramadre con el fin de evitar la punción accidental de esta estructura en población latina. Objetivo: Determinar la correlación y concordancia en la estimación de la distancia de la piel al espacio epidural entre la técnica de pérdida de resistencia y la medición por ultrasonido. Metodología: Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional en 52 pacientes pediátricos, que recibieron anestesia general más analgesia epidural para manejo del dolor agudo perioperatorio entre julio de 2014 y noviembre de 2015. Se evaluó la correlación y la concordancia de la distancia medida al espacio epidural entre la técnica de pérdida de resistencia y la distancia por ultrasonido. Resultados: Existe una correlación entre la distancia obtenida mediante las dos técnicas de medición que parece aumentar a medida que aumenta la edad de los pacientes. En cuanto a la concordancia se encontró que a la medida tomada por ultrasonido se le debería sumar 0,43 cm para que concuerde con la distancia tomada por pérdida de resistencia; no obstante, el intervalo entre ambas medidas es de 1,15 cm. Conclusiones: Encontramos una correlación entre la medida tomada desde la piel hasta el espacio epidural por ultrasonido y la tomada por la técnica tradicional de punción con aguja y pérdida de resistencia. Aunque la concordancia que hallamos no fue la esperada, y la medición del ultrasonido puede ser menor a la medición real encontrada con la aguja, es una buena guía para advertir la cercanía del espacio epidural.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Analgesia, Epidural , Pediatrics , Skin , Ultrasonics , Ultrasonography , Epidural Space , Anesthesia, General , Nerve Block
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