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1.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(6): 351-358, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530033

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Reportar el resultado a largo plazo de una serie de fetos con agenesia del septum pellucidum aislada (ASP), con medición de su quiasma óptico mediante neurosonografía fetal (NSG). Método: Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con ASP y NSG evaluadas desde el año 2008 a la fecha y con seguimiento hasta su edad escolar. En todos los casos se consignaron los datos clínicos de NSG y de resonancia magnética (RM), cuando esta se realizó. Se entrevistó telefónicamente a los padres. Resultados: Nueve pacientes cumplieron los criterios: cuatro con displasia septo-óptica (DSO) (rango de seguimiento: 5-14 años) y cinco sin DSO (rango de seguimiento: 7-10 años). Un décimo caso se excluyó por tener solo 6 meses de seguimiento. Ninguna de las ASP tuvo otra anomalía detectada en su seguimiento. Ninguno de los casos con DSO tuvo alteración del tamaño de su quiasma óptico en la NSG ni anormalidad en la vía óptica en la RM. Conclusiones: En nuestra población, el riesgo residual de DSO frente a ASP es del 44,4%. En el seguimiento, nuestra definición de ASP por NSG no tuvo falsos negativos con relación a otras anomalías de aparición posnatal, a excepción de la DSO.


Objective: To report the long-term outcome of a series of fetuses with isolated septum pellucidum agenesis (ASP) with measurement of their optic chiasm by fetal neurosonography (NSG). Method: All patients with ASP and NSG evaluated from 2008 to date and with follow-up until their school age were included. In all cases, clinical, NSG and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were recorded. Parents were interviewed by telephone. Results: Nine patients met the criteria: four with septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) (follow-up range: 5-14 years) and five without SOD (follow-up range: 7-10 years). A tenth case was excluded because only 6 months of follow-up. None of the ASP cases had another anomaly detected in their follow-up. None of the cases with DSO had anomaly of the size of their optic chiasm on NSG or abnormality in the optical pathway in the MRI. Conclusions: In our population, the residual risk of DSO versus ASP is 44.4%. At follow-up, our NSG definition of ASP had no false negatives in relation to other postnatal-onset anomalies, except for SOD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Optic Chiasm/diagnostic imaging , Septum Pellucidum/abnormalities , Septum Pellucidum/diagnostic imaging , Septo-Optic Dysplasia/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Fetus
2.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(5): 278-285, oct. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530025

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los quistes interhemisféricos asociados a agenesia del cuerpo calloso constituyen un grupo infrecuente y heterogéneo de anomalías del SNC. Objetivo: Reportar nuestra experiencia en quistes interhemisféricos asociados a agenesia del cuerpo calloso (QIH/ACC), haciendo énfasis en sus características en la neurosonografía (NSG), su comparación con la resonancia magnética (RM) y su evolución clínica posterior. Método: Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con QIH/ACC evaluadas desde el año 2008. En todos los casos se consignaron los datos clínicos, de NSG y de RM cuando se realizó. Se entrevistó telefónicamente a los padres. Resultados: Fueron seleccionados 9 casos con QIH/ACC. De ellos, 5 fueron quistes tipo 1, 3 tuvieron anomalías asociadas y en los 3 hubo una anomalía genética patogénica. Cuatro casos fueron quistes tipo 2, 3 de ellos con un patrón NSG sugerente de síndrome de Aicardi. Hubo una excelente correlación entre NSG y RM, ya fuera esta última realizada ante- o posnatal, particularmente con relación a las malformaciones del desarrollo cortical asociadas al QIH/ACC. Conclusiones: En comparación con la RM y el resultado final, hubo alta concordancia con lo diagnosticado en la NSG, en especial en cuanto a malformaciones del desarrollo cortical asociadas, lo que añade valor al método diagnóstico que ofrecemos a nuestra población consultante.


Background: Callosal agenesis associated with interhemispheric cysts correspond to a rare and heterogenous group of CNS anomalies. Objective: To report our experience in interhemispheric cysts associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum (QIH/ACC), emphasizing its characteristics in neurosonography (NSG), its comparison with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its subsequent clinical evolution. Method: All patients with QIH/ACC evaluated since 2008 were included. In all cases, clinical, NSG and MRI data were recorded when performed. The parents were interviewed by telephone. Results: A total of 9 cases were selected with QIH/ACC. 5 cases were type 1 cysts, 3 of them had associated abnormalities and in all 3 there was a pathogenic genetic anomaly. 4 cases were type 2 cysts, 3 of them with an NSG pattern suggestive of Aicardi syndrome. There was an excellent correlation between NSG and MRI, either before or postnatally, particularly in relation to cortical developmental malformations associated with QIH/ACC. Conclusions: Compared to MRI and the final result, there was high agreement with what was diagnosed in NSG, especially in what corresponds to associated cortical developmental malformations, which adds value to the diagnostic method we offer to our consulting population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Agenesis of Corpus Callosum/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Aicardi Syndrome
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(4): 248-254, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515216

ABSTRACT

La pentalogía de Cantrell es una rara anomalía congénita caracterizada por la asociación de ectopia cordis con defectos en la pared toracoabdominal, el diafragma, el esternón y pericárdicos, y anomalías cardíacas intrínsecas. En diagnóstico prenatal, la ecografía se utiliza sistemáticamente entre las 11 y 14 semanas de gestación, evaluando marcadores de alteraciones cromosómicas como la sonolucencia nucal, el hueso nasal y la morfología patológica del ductus venoso, entre otros. Además, permite examinar la anatomía fetal y diagnosticar anomalías mayores, como acrania-anencefalia, holoprosencefalia, defectos de la pared abdominal y toracoabdominal, entre los que se incluye la pentalogía de Cantrell. Se reporta un feto con los hallazgos clásicos de pentalogía de Cantrell, que fue expulsado a las 13 semanas de gestación bajo protocolo de interrupción voluntaria del embarazo. Madre de 23 años, G1P0, sin exposiciones teratogénicas, en cuyo feto se encontró ectopia cordis, asas intestinales e hígado por fuera de la cavidad abdominal en las 10 y 12 semanas de gestación. El objetivo de este estudio es aportar a la literatura un reporte de pentalogía de Cantrell, siendo el primero reportado en Colombia en el primer trimestre de gestación, mostrando la importancia de la ecografía sistemática durante este periodo, en el marco de la posibilidad de interrupción voluntaria del embarazo.


Cantrells pentalogy is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by the association of ectopia cordis with intrinsic cardiac anomalies and various anatomical defects found in the thoracoabdominal wall, diaphragm, sternum and pericardium. Ultrasound is used routinely between 11 and 14 weeks of gestation during prenatal diagnosis. It evaluates markers of chromosomal alterations such as nuchal sonolucency, the nasal bone, and the pathological morphology of the ductus venosus, among others. Furthermore, it allows the diagnosis of altered fetal anatomy and major abnormalities such as acrania-anencephaly, holoprosencephaly, abdominal and thoraco-abdominal wall defects including Cantrells pentalogy. In this case report, we present a fetus with the classic findings of Cantrells pentalogy, which was expelled during the 13th week of gestation under the protocol of voluntary interruption of pregnancy. The mother, a 23-year-old woman, G1P0, without teratogenic exposures, in whom during the routine ultrasound of the 10th and 12th weeks of gestation ectopia cordis, intestinal loops and liver outside the abdominal cavity were found on the fetus. The main objective of this study is to contribute to the literature a case report of pentalogy of Cantrell, diagnosed through prenatal ultrasound, being the first reported in Colombia during first trimester of gestation, showing the importance of routine ultrasound, in the context of access to a voluntary termination of pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Pentalogy of Cantrell/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Abortion, Induced , Ectopia Cordis/etiology , Pentalogy of Cantrell/surgery , Pentalogy of Cantrell/complications
4.
Femina ; 51(7): 423-435, 20230730. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512450

ABSTRACT

PONTOS-CHAVE Quando utilizados na técnica correta, fórcipes e vácuo-extratores apresentam baixos índices de complicações. Para o feto com sinais de hipóxia no período expulsivo, o parto vaginal operatório tem potencial para reduzir a exposição aos fatores intraparto que promovem a encefalopatia hipóxico-isquêmica. Fórcipes médios e/ou rotacionais são opções apropriadas em circunstâncias selecionadas e exigem habilidade e experiência. Os fórcipes são mais resolutivos do que os vácuo-extratores para o parto vaginal operatório, porém são mais associados a lacerações perineais graves. Céfalo-hematoma é mais provável de ocorrer com o aumento na duração da vácuo-extração. Os vácuo-extratores de campânulas flexíveis apresentam taxas maiores de falha, porém apresentam menores incidências de trauma no couro cabeludo do neonato. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Labor, Obstetric , Extraction, Obstetrical/methods , Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Infant, Newborn/cerebrospinal fluid , Cesarean Section , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Ischemia , Hypoxia , Obstetrical Forceps/adverse effects
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(3): 183-190, jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515208

ABSTRACT

La Sociedad Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología (SOCHOG) y la Sociedad Chilena de Ultrasonido en Medicina y Biología (SOCHUMB) convocaron a un comité de expertos en el tema de ultrasonido y crecimiento fetal con el fin de proponer utilizar la curva fetal que mejor se adapte a la población chilena. Luego de la discusión, al no contar con curvas chilenas de crecimiento fetal, se concluye proponer que la curva estándar de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) sería la indicada dada la calidad de su metodología y por ser multicéntrica.


The Chilean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (SOCHOG) and the Chilean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (SOCHUMB) have convened a committee of experts on the subject of ultrasound and fetal growth in order to propose using the fetal curve that best adapts to the Chilean population. After the discussion, since there are no Chilean fetal growth curves, it is concluded that the World Health Organization (WHO) standard curve would be the one to use given the quality of its methodology and the fact that it is multicentric.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , World Health Organization , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/standards , Reference Standards , Chile , Fetal Weight , Consensus
7.
Femina ; 51(2): 105-113, 20230228. Ilus, Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428706

ABSTRACT

No início do século 20, as altas taxas de mortalidade materna e infantil estimularam o desenvolvimento de um modelo de atendimento pré-natal que mantivesse características parecidas até os dias atuais. Nesse modelo, haveria maior concentração de visitas durante o final do terceiro trimestre de gestação, devido às maiores taxas de complicações nas fases finais da gestação e à dificuldade de prever a ocorrência de resultados adversos durante o primeiro trimestre. Atualmente, a avaliação clínica durante o primeiro trimestre, com auxílio da ultrassonografia e marcadores bioquímicos, pode prever uma série de complicações que acometem a gestação, incluindo cromossomopatias, pré-eclâmpsia, restrição de crescimento fetal, anomalias fetais e trabalho de parto pré-termo.


At the beginning of the 20th century, the high rates of maternal and infant mortality stimulated the development of a model of prenatal care that maintained similar characteristics until the present day. In this model, there would be a greater concentration of visits during the end of the third trimester of pregnancy, due to the higher rates of complications in the final stages of pregnancy and the difficulty in predicting the occurrence of adverse outcomes during the first trimester. Currently, clinical evaluation during the first trimester, with the aid of ultrasound and biochemical markers, can predict a series of complications that affect pregnancy, including chromosomal disorders, preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, fetal anomalies and preterm labor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Aneuploidy , Trisomy/diagnosis , Biomarkers/chemistry , Infant Mortality , Maternal Mortality , Risk Assessment
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the diagnosis of fetuses with anomalies of the central nervous system (CNS) and summarize the outcome of the pregnancies and follow-up.@*METHODS@#A total of 636 fetuses from June 2014 to December 2020 who were referred to the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital due to abnormal CNS prompted by ultrasound were selected as the research subjects. Based on the ultrasound findings, the fetuses were divided into ventricular dilatation group (n = 441), choroid plexus cyst group (n = 41), enlarged posterior fossa group (n = 42), holoprosencephaly group (n = 15), corpus callosum hypoplasia group (n = 22), and other anomaly group (n = 75). Meanwhile, they were also divided into isolated (n = 504) and non-isolated (n = 132) groups based on the presence of additional abnormalities. Prenatal samples (amniotic fluid/chorionic villi/umbilical cord blood) or abortus tissue were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA and CMA assay. Outcome of the pregnancies and postnatal follow-up were summarized and subjected to statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#In total 636 fetuses with CNS anomalies (including 89 abortus tissues) were included, and 547 cases were followed up. The overall detection rate of CMA was 11.48% (73/636). The detection rates for the holoprosencephaly group, ACC group, choroid plexus cyst group, enlarged posterior fossa group, ventricular dilatation group and other anomaly group were 80% (12/15), 31.82% (7/22), 19.51% (8/41), 14.29% (6/42), 7.48% (33/441) and 9.33% (7/75), respectively. Compared with the isolated CNS anomaly group, the detection rate for the non-isolated CNS anomaly group was significantly higher (6.35% vs. 31.06%) (32/504 vs. 41/132) (χ² = 62.867, P < 0.001). Follow up showed that, for 52 fetuses with abnormal CMA results, 51 couples have opted induced labor, whilst 1 was delivered at full term with normal growth and development. Of the 434 fetuses with normal CMA results, 377 were delivered at full term (6 had developmental delay), and 57 couples had opted induced labor. The rate of adverse pregnancy outcome for non-isolated CNS abnormal fetuses was significantly higher than that of isolated CNS abnormal fetuses (26.56% vs. 10.54%) (17/64 vs. 39/370) (χ² = 12.463, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Fetuses with CNS anomaly should be tested with CMA to determine the genetic cause. Most fetuses with negative CMA result have a good prognosis, but there is still a possibility for a abnormal neurological phenotype. Fetuses with CNS abnormalities in conjunct with other structural abnormalities are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Holoprosencephaly , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Central Nervous System , Fetus/abnormalities , Nervous System Malformations/genetics , Microarray Analysis , Central Nervous System Diseases , Cysts , Chromosome Aberrations , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association of isolated thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) positive in the first trimester with fetal growth.@*METHODS@#A total of 16 446 pregnant women were included in the birth cohort study, whose last menstrual period was between May 2016 and April 2019 and with singleton pregnancy. Maternal serum samples were collected when they firstly came for prenatal care in the first trimester. The pregnant women were consecutively seen and followed in the hospital and the information of pregnant women was extracted from the electronic medical information system. The pregnant women were divided into isolated TPOAb positive group (n=1 654) and euthyroid group (n=14 792). Three fetal ultrasound examinations were scheduled during the routine prenatal visits at the hospital and were performed by trained sonographers. All fetal growth indicators were quantified as gestational age- and gender- adjusted standard deviation score (Z-score) using the generalized additive models for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS). Fetal growth indicators included estimated fetal weight (EFW), abdominal circumference (AC), biparietal diameter (BPD), femur length (FL) and head circumference (HC). Fetal growth restriction (FGR) was defined as AC or EFW Z-score<3rd centile based on clinical consensus. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) analysis was applied to assess the association of maternal isolated TPOAb positive with fetal growth. The generalized linear model was further used to analyze the association between isolated TPOAb positive and fetal growth indicator at different gestational ages when the fetal growth indicator was significantly associated with isolated TPOAb positive in the GEE mo-del.@*RESULTS@#The median gestational age at three ultrasound measurements was 23.6 (23.3, 24.1), 30.3 (29.7, 30.9), 37.3 (37.0, 37.7) weeks, respectively. The BPD Z-score was higher in isolated TPOAb positive women, compared with the euthyroid pregnant women after adjustment (β=0.057, 95%CI: 0.014-0.100, P=0.009). The generalized linear model showed the BPD Z-score was higher in the isolated TPOAb positive women at the end of 21-25 weeks (β=0.052, 95%CI: 0.001-0.103, P=0.044), 29-32 weeks (β=0.055, 95%CI: 0.004-0.107, P=0.035) and 36-40 weeks (β=0.068, 95%CI: 0.011-0.125, P=0.020), compared with the euthyroid pregnant women. There was no difference in other fetal growth indicators (EFW, AC, FL and HC) and FGR between the isolated TPOAb positive and euthyroid pregnant women.@*CONCLUSION@#The BPD Z-score was slightly increased in the isolated TPOAb positive pregnant women in the first trimester, while other fetal growth indicators were not changed. The reproducibility and practical significance of this result need to be confirmed.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Iodide Peroxidase , Cohort Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Fetal Development , Fetal Weight , Fetal Growth Retardation , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with multiple malformations.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the fetus was collected, Amniotic fluid sample of the fetus was subjected to conventional G-banded karyotyping, low-depth whole genome copy number variants detection and whole exome sequencing (WES). Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of the fetus and its parents.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasound scan at 21+5 gestational weeks had revealed increased nuchal thickness (9.0 mm), enhanced echos of bilateral renal parenchyma, seroperitoneum, left pleural effusion and right displacement of the heart. The mother had a previous history of terminated pregnancy for multiple fetal anomalies. No abnormality was found by conventional karyotyping and CNV analysis, though WES revealed that the fetus has harbored a de novo heterozygous c.607C>T (p.Arg203Trp) variant of the ACS1 gene (NM_018026.3), and the result was validated by Sanger sequencing.@*CONCLUSION@#Through WES and prenatal ultrasonography, the fetus was diagnosed with Schuurs-Hoeijmakers syndrome due to the heterozygous c.607C>T (p.Arg203Trp) variant of the PACS1 gene (NM_018026.3). For fetuses with multiple malformations, WES can help to reveal the genetic etiology when CNV result is negative.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Syndrome , Fetus , Abnormalities, Multiple , Vesicular Transport Proteins
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985669

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the ultrasonic manifestations, clinical features, high risk factors and key points of pregnancy management in prenatal diagnosis of umbilical artery thrombosis (UAT). Methods: The data of 31 pregnant women of UAT diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography and confirmed after birth from July 2017 to July 2022 at the Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed, including the maternal characteristics, pregnancy outcomes and fetal complications. In addition, the baseline data and pregnancy outcomes were compared in 21 patients who continued pregnancy after diagnosis of UAT. Of the 21 UAT cases that continued pregnancy, 10 cases were treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH; LMWH treatment group), while the other 11 patients had expectant treatment(expectant treatment group). Results: The age of the 31 pregnant women was (30.2±4.7) years, of which 5 cases (16%,5/31) were advanced age pregnant women. The gestational age at diagnosis was (32.9±4.0) weeks, and the gestational age at termination of pregnancy was (35.6±2.9) weeks. In 31 fetuses with UAT, 15 cases (48%) had fetal distress, 11 cases (35%) had fetal growth restriction, and 3 cases (10%) had intrauterine stillbirth. There were 28 cases of live births, including 26 cases by cesarean section and 2 cases by vaginal delivery. There were also 3 stillbirths, all delivered vaginally. Four neonates had mild asphyxia and two newborns had severe asphyxia. Among the 31 cases, 10 cases were terminated immediately after diagnosis, the gestational age at diagnosis was (35.9±2.9) weeks. Another 21 pregnancies continued, and their gestational age at diagnosis was (31.4±3.7) weeks. The median prolonged gestational age in LMWH treatment group was 7.9 weeks (4.6-9.4 weeks), and all were live births. The median prolonged gestational age in the expectant treatment group was 0.6 weeks (0.0-1.0 weeks), and 2 cases were stillbirths. There was a statistically significant difference in prolonged gestational age (P=0.002). Conclusions: Ultrasound is the preferred method for prenatal detection of UAT. Clinicians need to be vigilant for UAT when a newly identified single umbilical artery is detected by ultrasound in the second or third trimesters. The decision to continue or terminate the pregnancy depends on the gestational age and the condition of fetus. Attention should be paid to fetal movements as the pregnancy continues. The treatment of LMWH as soon as possible after diagnosis of UAT may improve the pregnancy outcome.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Adult , Infant , Stillbirth , Cesarean Section , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Asphyxia , Retrospective Studies , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Pregnancy Outcome , Fetal Growth Retardation/therapy , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Gestational Age
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985655

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analysis the clinical characteristics of 400 fetuses with heart defects and the impactors of pregnancy decision making, and explore the influence of a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) cooperation approach on it. Methods: Clinical data of 400 fetuses with abnormal cardiac structure diagnosed at Peking University First Hospital from January 2012 to June 2021 were collected, which were divided into 4 groups according to the characteristics of fetal heart defects and the presence of extracardiac abnormalities or not: single cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities (122 cases), multiple cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities (100 cases), single cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities (115 cases), and multiple cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities (63 cases). The types of fetal cardiac structural abnormalities and genetic test results, and the detection rate of pathogenic genetic abnormalities, MDT consultation and management situation, and pregnancy decision of fetuses in each group were retrospectively analyzed. A logistics regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of fetal heart defects pregnancy decision. Results: (1) Among the 400 fetal heart defects, the four most common major types were ventricular septal defect 96 (24.0%, 96/400), tetralogy of Fallot 52 (13.0%, 52/400), coarctation of the aorta 34 (8.5%, 34/400), and atrioventricular septal defect 26 (6.5%, 26/400). (2) Among the 204 fetuses undergoing genetic examination, 44 (21.6%, 44/204) pathogenic genetic abnormalities were detected. (3) Detection rate of pathogenic genetic abnormalities (39.3%, 24/61) and pregnancy termination rate (86.1%, 99/115) in the single cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities group were significantly higher than those in the single cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities group [15.1% (8/53), 44.3% (54/122), respectively] and the multiple cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities group [6.1% (3/49), 70.0% (70/100), respectively, both P<0.05], and the pregnancy termination rate in the multiple cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities group and the multiple cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities group (82.5%,52/63) were significantly higher than that of the single cardiac abnormalities without extracardiac abnormalities group (both P<0.05). (4) After adjusting for age, gravity, parity and performed prenatal diagnosis, maternal age, the diagnosis of gestational age, prognosis grades, co-existence of extracardiac abnormalities, presence of pathogenic genetic abnormalities, and receiving MDT consultation and management were still independent influencing factors of termination of pregnancy of fetuses with cardiac defects (all P<0.05). A total of 29 (7.2%, 29/400) fetal cardiac defects received MDT consultation and management, and compared with those without MDT management, the pregnancy termination rate in the multiple cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities group [74.2%(66/89) vs 4/11] and the multiple cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities group [87.9%(51/58) vs 1/5] were lower, the differences were statistically significant respectively (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Maternal age, diagnosed gestational age, severity of cardiac defects, extracardiac abnormalities, pathogenic genetic abnormalities and MDT counseling and management are the influencing factors of fetal heart defects pregnancy decision. MDT cooperation approach influences pregnancy decision-making and should be recommended for the management of fetal cardiac defect to reduce unnecessary termination of pregnancy and improve pregnancy outcomes.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Fetal Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Fetus , Decision Making , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985650

ABSTRACT

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of different types of selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) pregnant women under expectant management, including the natural evolution, typing conversion and perinatal outcomes. Methods: The clinical data of 153 pregnant women with sIUGR under expected treatment in Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2014 to December 2018 were collected. Maternal characteristics including maternal age, gravidity, parity, method of conception, pregnancy complication, gestational age at delivery, indication for delivery, birth weight, the rate of intrauterine and neonatal death and neonatal outcomes were recorded. Pregnant women with sIUGR were divided into three types according to end-diastolic umbilical artery flow Doppler ultrasonography, and the differences of typing conversion and perinatal outcomes of sIUGR pregnant women based on the first diagnosis were compared. Results: (1) Clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes: among 153 pregnant women with sIUGR, 100 cases (65.3%) were diagnosed with type Ⅰ, 35 cases (22.9%) with type Ⅱ, and 18 cases (11.8%) with type Ⅲ. There were no significant differences in age, conception mode, pregnancy complications, first diagnosis gestational age, characteristics of umbilical cord insertion, delivery indications, fetal intrauterine mortality and neonatal mortality among three types of sIUGR pregnant women (all P>0.05). The average gestational age at delivery of type Ⅰ sIUGR was (33.5±1.9) weeks, which was significantly later than those of type Ⅱ and Ⅲ [(31.3±1.8), (31.2±1.1) weeks, P<0.001]. The percentage disordance in estimated fetal weight (EFW) of type Ⅰ sIUGR was significantly lower than those of type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (P<0.001). The incidence rate of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, cerebral leukomalacia and respiratory complications of both fetus and necrotizing enterocolitis of large fetus in type Ⅰ were significantly lower than those in type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (all P<0.05). (2) Typing conversion: in 100 cases of type Ⅰ sIUGR, 18 cases progressed to type Ⅱ and 10 cases progressed to type Ⅲ. Compared with 72 stable type Ⅰ sIUGR, those with progressed type Ⅰ sIUGR had higher incidence of NICU admission and lung disease in both fetuses, and cerebral leukomalacia and necrotizing enterocolitis in large fetus (all P<0.05). The proportion of inconsistent cord insertion was significantly higher in those type Ⅰ progressed to type Ⅲ (6/10) than in those with stable type Ⅰ (19.4%, 14/72) and type Ⅰ progressed to type Ⅱ sIUGR [0 (0/18), P=0.001]. Four cases of type Ⅱ sIUGR reversed to type Ⅰ and 6 cases reversed to type Ⅲ. Compared with type Ⅱ reversed to type Ⅰ sIUGR, those stable type Ⅱ and type Ⅱ reversed to type Ⅲ sIUGR had a higher incidence of NICU admission in large fetus (P<0.05). Two cases of type Ⅲ sIUGR reversed to type Ⅰ and 6 cases progressed to type Ⅱ. There were no significant differences in fetal serious complications in type Ⅲ sIUGR with or without doppler changes (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The different types of sIUGR could convert to each other. The frequency of ultrasound examinations should be increased for patients with the type Ⅰ sIUGR, especially when the percentage discordance in EFW is substantial or with discordant cord insersion.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Fetal Growth Retardation/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Twins, Monozygotic , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Gestational Age , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Pregnancy, Twin
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981790

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the prenatal ultrasonographic features and genetic basis for an abortus suspected for type II Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS2).@*METHODS@#A fetus diagnosed with CdLS2 at the Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University on September 3, 2019 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the fetus and family history was collected. Following induced labor, whole exome sequencing was carried out on the abortus. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasonography (33 weeks of pregnancy) has revealed multiple anomalies in the fetus, which included slightly widened cavity of septum pellucidum, blurred corpus callosum, slightly reduced frontal lobe volume, thin cortex, fusion of lateral ventricles, polyhydramnios, small stomach bubble, and digestive tract atresia. Whole exome sequencing has revealed a heterozygous c.2076delA (p.Lys692Asnfs*27) frameshifting variant in the SMC1A gene, which was found in neither parent and was rated as pathogenic based on the guidelines of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).@*CONCLUSION@#The CdLS2 in this fetus may be attributed to the c.2076delA variant of the SMC1A gene. Above finding has provided a basis for genetic counseling and assessment of reproductive risk for this family.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , De Lange Syndrome/diagnosis , Phenotype , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Fetus/diagnostic imaging , Mutation
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981784

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of 5 cases of monochorionic-diamniotic (MCDA) with genetic discordance.@*METHODS@#148 cases of MCDA twins who were diagnosed by amniocentesis at the Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 2016 to June 2020 were selected as the study subjects. Relevant clinical data of the pregnant women were collected, and amniotic fluid samples of the twins were collected separately. Chromosomal karyotyping analysis and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) assay were carried out.@*RESULTS@#The results of chromosomal karyotyping analysis showed that 5 of the MCDA twins had inconsistent chromosome karyotypes, with an incidence of 3.4% (5/148). SNP array assay showed that 3 fetuses were mosaics.@*CONCLUSION@#Genetic discordance occurs among MCDA twins, and prenatal counseling for such cases should be given by doctors with experience in medical genetics and fetal medicine, and personalized clinical management should be recommended.


Subject(s)
Child , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , China , Twins/genetics , Amniocentesis , Karyotyping , Fetus , Twins, Monozygotic/genetics , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) for fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT) thickness.@*METHODS@#Sixty two pregnant women who had visited Urumqi Maternal and Child Care Health Hospital between June 2018 and June 2020 for NT ≥ 3.0 mm at 11 ~ 13+6 gestational weeks were selected as study subjects. Relevant clinical data were collected. The patients were divided into 3.0 ~ <3.5 mm (n = 33) and ≥3.5 mm groups (n = 29). Chromosome karyotyping analysis and chromosomal microarray analysis were carried out. And trio-WES analysis was performed on 15 samples with NT thickening but negative CMA results. The distribution and incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in the two groups were compared by using chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the pregnant women was 29 years old (22 ~ 41 years old), the median thickness of NT was 3.4 mm (3.0 ~ 9.1 mm), and the median gestational age at the detection was 13+4 weeks (11+5 ~ 13+6 weeks). Chromosome karyotyping analysis has detected 12 cases of aneuploidies and 1 case of derivative chromosome. The detection rate was 20.97% (13/62). CMA has detected 12 cases of aneuploidies, 1 case of pathogenic CNV and 5 cases of variant of uncertain significance (VUS), with a detection rate of 29.03% (18/62). The aneuploidy rate for the NT ≥ 3.5 mm group was higher than that for the 3.0 ≤ NT < 3.5 mm group [3.03% (1/33) vs. 41.38% (12/29), χ² = 13.698, P < 0.001]. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the detection rate of fetal pathogenic CNV and VUS (χ² = 0.028, P > 0.05). Trio-WES analysis of 15 samples with negative CMA result and no structural abnormality has identified 6 heterozygous variants, including SOS1: c.3542C>T (p.A1181V) and c.3817C>G (p.L1273V), COL2A1: c.436C>T (p.P146S) and c.3700G>A (p.D1234N), LZTR1: c.1496T>C (p.V499A), and BRAF: c.64G>A (p.D22N), respectively. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), all of the variants were rated as VUS.@*CONCLUSION@#NT thickening can indicate chromosome abnormality, and CMA and trio-WES may be used for the prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Adult , Infant , Nuchal Translucency Measurement/methods , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Chromosome Aberrations , Aneuploidy , Fetus/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , DNA Copy Number Variations , Transcription Factors
17.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507323

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objectives: to determine the prevalence of pathological findings according to the type of chorionicity in pregnancies in two institutions in Bogotá, Colombia. Methods: descriptive, retrospective, cohort study. Biometric variables were calculated, and pathological findings were evaluated according to the type of chorionicity in multiple pregnancies. Statistical characterization was performed with absolute frequencies, calculation of relative frequencies in qualitative variables, standard deviation measures, median and interquartile range. In addition, a descriptive analysis of the information was carried out. Results: 528 studies were carried out in 141 pregnant women, 98.5% (n = 139) twins and 1.4% (n = 2) triplets. A prevalence of 35.4% of fetal complications was calculated. The most frequent was fetal growth restriction (p=0.37). According to each type of chorionicity, fetal growth restriction was presented in 50% (1/2) of the trichorionics, 16.6% (7/42) of the monochorionics, and 11.3% (11/97) of the dichorionics. Conclusion: fetal growth restriction was the most common finding, both in trichorionics, monochorionics and dichorionics pregnancies.


Resumen Objetivos: el objetivo del estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de los hallazgos patológicos ecográficos en embarazos múltiples de acuerdo con la corionicidad en dos instituciones en Bogotá-Colombia. Métodos: estudio de cohorte, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Las variables biométricas realizadas y los hallazgos patológicos se evaluaron de acuerdo con el tipo de embarazo gemelar. Se realizó caracterización estadística con frecuencias absolutas, cálculo de frecuencias relativas en variables cualitativas, medidas de desviación estándar, mediana y rango intercuartílico. Además, se realizó análisis descriptivo de la información. Resultados: se realizaron 528 estudios en 141 gestantes, encontrando 98,5% (n=139) gemelares y 1,4% (n=2) triples. Se calculó una prevalencia de 35,4% de complicaciones fetales siendo más frecuente la restricción del crecimiento fetal (p=0,37). Según la corionicidad, esta complicación se presentó en 50% (1/2) de los tricoriónicos, 16,6% (7/42) de los monocoriónicos y 11,3% (11/97) de los dicoriónicos. Conclusión: la restricción del crecimiento fetal fue el hallazgo más común en los embarazos múltiples en la población estudiada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy, Multiple , Pregnancy, Triplet , Pregnancy, Twin , Biometry/methods , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Colombia/epidemiology , Diseases in Twins , Fetal Growth Retardation
19.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(1): 71-83, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431756

ABSTRACT

El hipospadias es la localización anormal del meato urinario y es la malformación de genitales externos más frecuentemente diagnosticada. El diagnóstico prenatal es posible mediante ecografía sistemática desde la semana 20 de gestación, siendo más fácil su diagnóstico en el tercer trimestre. Las formas leves suelen ser aisladas, familiares o asociadas a disfunción placentaria o restricción de crecimiento intrauterino, mientras que las formas más graves presentan hasta un 30% de asociación a defectos fetales, anomalías cromosómicas/genéticas o anomalías del desarrollo sexual. La tríada para el diagnóstico ecográfico prenatal consiste en curvatura ventral del pene, anomalía del prepucio dorsal y punta del pene roma. La valoración de la uretra durante la micción y el aspecto del chorro miccional son de gran utilidad para clasificar el defecto. Cuando se diagnostica hipospadias peneano o escrotal es aconsejable realizar una amniocentesis para estudio genético fetal y valorar otros signos de adecuada virilización, como el descenso testicular a partir de la semana 27. El seguimiento tras el parto debe ser multidisciplinario, incluyendo urólogo y endocrinólogo infantil. En hipospadias leves el pronóstico es bueno con reparación quirúrgica en el primer año de vida, pero las formas graves pueden presentar un reto mayor para su corrección funcional y estética.


Hypospadias refers to the abnormal location of the meatus; it is the most common genital malformation detected in the fetus and newborn. Prenatal diagnosis is feasible from 20 weeks onwards with routine ultrasound; however, it is easier to diagnose during the third trimester of pregnancy. Mild defects are usually isolated, familiar o related to placental disfunction or intrauterine growth restriction, while the severe hypospadias are associated to other fetal defects, genetic or chromosomal abnormalities or disorders of sex development. In about 30% of cases. The triad of ultrasound findings prenatally is ventral curvature of the penis, redundant dorsal foreskin and blunt distal penis. The identification of the urethra during the micturition and the direction of the urinary stream help in the classification of the defect. When severe hypospadias is detected, the recommendation is to perform genetic amniocentesis and search for other ultrasound findings related to poor virilization in the fetus, as testicular descent after 27 weeks of gestation. Postnatal follow up should be multidisciplinary including infantile urologist and endocrinologist. The prognosis in distal hypospadias is usually good following surgical repair, however in severe cases surgical interventions may be more challenging in order to obtain satisfactory outcome in terms of function and esthetic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Hypospadias/diagnostic imaging , Prenatal Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fetal Growth Retardation , Hypospadias/surgery , Hypospadias/classification , Hypospadias/etiology
20.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 94(1): e305, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1439317

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las anomalías en el desarrollo del sistema venoso sistémico son una entidad poco frecuente, cuyo diagnóstico ecocardiográfico prenatal y posnatal puede suponer todo un reto. Por un lado, debido a su baja incidencia y por otro, a la dificultad en la correcta realización de los planos ecocardiográficos. No obstante, su diagnóstico es de vital importancia debido a la asociación con cardiopatías congénitas o cromosopatías. Objetivo: describir dos casos de una anomalía congénita cardiovascular poco frecuente. La persistencia de la vena cava superior izquierda con agenesia de la vena cava superior derecha es una de estas anomalías descritas cuya incidencia es muy baja cuando ambas variaciones se presentan conjuntamente. Casos clínicos: presentamos dos casos de recién nacidos sin antecedentes personales o familiares de interés, diagnosticados prenatalmente, cuyos hallazgos ecocardiográficos se confirman en el período posnatal. Conclusiones: ante el hallazgo aislado en el período fetal de esta variación anatómica que asocia dos anomalías del sistema venoso sistémico, cabe destacar la importancia de su confirmación ecocardiográfica posnatal para descartar cardiopatías congénitas de difícil diagnóstico durante la época prenatal. Así mismo, antes de la confirmación ecocardiográfica que será llevada a cabo por el cardiológico infantil, cabe destacar la importancia del pediatra en la primera exploración física y en la anamnesis a la familia para descartar posibles cardiopatías congénitas críticas o posibles síndromes asociados. El diagnóstico prenatal de persistencia de la vena cava superior izquierda con agenesia de la vena cava superior derecha le permitirá tener un alto grado de sospecha de estas patologías asociadas y por tanto llevar a cabo una actuación clínica precoz.


Introduction: anomalies in the development of the systemic venous system are a rare entity, and its prenatal and postnatal echocardiographic diagnosis can be challenging, due to its low incidence as well as to the difficulty in correctly performing echocardiographic imaging planes. However, its diagnosis is key because it is linked to congenital heart disease or chromosomal anomalies. Objective: describe two cases of a rare cardiovascular congenital anomaly. The persistence of the left superior vena cava with agenesis of the right superior vena cava is one of these described anomalies, with very low incidence when both variations occur together. Clinical cases: we present two cases of newborns with no relevant personal or family history, diagnosed prenatally with confirmed echocardiographic findings in the postnatal period. Conclusions: given the isolated finding in the fetal period of this anatomical variation that associates two anomalies of the systemic venous system, we should note the importance of its postnatal echocardiographic confirmation to rule out congenital heart disease that is difficult to diagnose during the prenatal period. Likewise, prior to the echocardiographic confirmation carried out by the pediatric cardiologist, we should stress the importance of the pediatrician diagnosis in the first physical examination and of the family history to rule out possible critical congenital heart disease or possible associated syndromes. The prenatal diagnosis of VCSIP with agenesis of the VCSD will lead to a high degree of suspicion of these associated pathologies and therefore may lead to early clinical action.


Introdução: as anomalias no desenvolvimento do sistema venoso sistêmico são uma entidade rara, cujo diagnóstico ecocardiográfico pré-natal e pós-natal pode ser um grande desafio. Por um lado, pela sua baixa incidência e, por outro, pela dificuldade em realizar corretamente os planos ecocardiográficos. No entanto, seu diagnóstico é vital devido à associação com cardiopatias congênitas ou anormalidades cromossômicas. Objetivo: descrever dois casos de rara anomalia congênita cardiovascular. A persistência da veia cava superior esquerda com agenesia da veia cava superior direita é uma dessas anomalias descritas cuja incidência é muito baixa quando ambas as variações ocorrem juntas. Casos clínicos: apresentamos dois casos de recém-nascidos sem antecedentes pessoais ou familiares significativos, diagnosticados no pré-natal e cujos achados ecocardiográficos foram confirmados no período pós-natal. Conclusões: dado o achado isolado no período fetal desta variação anatômica que associa duas anomalias do sistema venoso sistêmico, devemos ressaltar a importância de sua confirmação ecocardiográfica pós-natal para descartar cardiopatia congênita de difícil diagnóstico no pré-natal . Da mesma forma, antes da confirmação ecocardiográfica que será realizada pelo cardiologista pediátrico, ressaltamos a importância do pediatra no primeiro exame físico e na história familiar para afastar possíveis cardiopatias congênitas críticas ou possíveis síndromes associadas. O diagnóstico pré-natal de VCSIP com agenesia do VCSD permitirá ter um alto grau de suspeita dessas patologias associadas e, portanto, realizar uma ação clínica precoce.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Vena Cava, Superior/abnormalities , Vena Cava, Superior/diagnostic imaging , Fetal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
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