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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250575, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cancer is a fatal malignancy and its increasing worldwide prevalence demands the discovery of more sensitive and reliable molecular biomarkers. To investigate the GINS1 expression level and its prognostic value in distinct human cancers using a series of multi-layered in silico approach may help to establish it as a potential shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of different cancer subtypes. The GINS1 mRNA, protein expression, and promoter methylation were analyzed using UALCAN and Human Protein Atlas (HPA), while mRNA expression was further validated via GENT2. The potential prognostic values of GINS1 were evaluated through KM plotter. Then, cBioPortal was utilized to examine the GINS1-related genetic mutations and copy number variations (CNVs), while pathway enrichment analysis was performed using DAVID. Moreover, a correlational analysis between GINS1 expression and CD8+ T immune cells and a the construction of gene-drug interaction network was performed using TIMER, CDT, and Cytoscape. The GINS1 was found down-regulated in a single subtypes of human cancer while commonly up-regulated in 23 different other subtypes. The up-regulation of GINS1 was significantly correlated with the poor overall survival (OS) of Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC), Lung Adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC). The GINS1 was also found up-regulated in LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC patients of different clinicopathological features. Pathways enrichment analysis revealed the involvement of GINS1 in two diverse pathways, while few interesting correlations were also documented between GINS1 expression and its promoter methylation level, CD8+ T immune cells level, and CNVs. Moreover, we also predicted few drugs that could be used in the treatment of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC by regulating the GINS1 expression. The expression profiling of GINS1 in the current study has suggested it a novel shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC.


Resumo O câncer é uma doença maligna fatal e sua crescente prevalência mundial exige a descoberta de biomarcadores moleculares mais sensíveis e confiáveis. Investigar o nível de expressão de GINS1 e seu valor prognóstico em cânceres humanos distintos, usando uma série de abordagens in silico em várias camadas, pode ajudar a estabelecê-lo como um potencial biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de diferentes subtipos de câncer. O mRNA de GINS1, a expressão da proteína e a metilação do promotor foram analisados ​​usando UALCAN e Human Protein Atlas (HPA), enquanto a expressão de mRNA foi posteriormente validada via GENT2. Os valores prognósticos potenciais de GINS1 foram avaliados por meio do plotter KM. Em seguida, o cBioPortal foi utilizado para examinar as mutações genéticas relacionadas ao GINS1 e as variações do número de cópias (CNVs), enquanto a análise de enriquecimento da via foi realizada usando DAVID. Além disso, uma análise correlacional entre a expressão de GINS1 e células imunes T CD8 + e a construção de uma rede de interação gene-droga foi realizada usando TIMER, CDT e Cytoscape. O GINS1 foi encontrado regulado negativamente em um único subtipo de câncer humano, enquanto comumente regulado positivamente em 23 outros subtipos diferentes. A regulação positiva de GINS1 foi significativamente correlacionada com a sobrevida global pobre (OS) de Carcinoma Hepatocelular de Fígado (LIHC), Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão (LUAD) e Carcinoma de Células Claras Renais de Rim (KIRC). O GINS1 também foi encontrado regulado positivamente em pacientes LIHC, LUAD e KIRC de diferentes características clínico-patológicas. A análise de enriquecimento de vias revelou o envolvimento de GINS1 em duas vias diversas, enquanto poucas correlações interessantes também foram documentadas entre a expressão de GINS1 e seu nível de metilação do promotor, nível de células imunes T CD8 + e CNVs. Além disso, também previmos poucos medicamentos que poderiam ser usados ​​no tratamento de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC, regulando a expressão de GINS1. O perfil de expressão de GINS1 no estudo atual sugeriu que é um novo biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , DNA-Binding Proteins , DNA Copy Number Variations
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the changes in the gene expression profile of T cells in CML patients after TCRζ up-regulation expression, and to explore the molecular mechanism of T cell reactivation after transgenic up-regulation of TCRζ.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) from 3 newly untreated chronic-stage CML patients were collected, and the CD3@*RESULTS@#A total of 2248 differentially-expressed genes were obtained, including 553 up-regulated genes and 1695 down-regulated genes in experimental group as compared with those in control group (P<0.05) . The GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that differentially expressed genes involved in the biological processes related to T cell immune function, such as TCR signaling pathway, T cell proliferation and activation. Some of core genes involved in promoting the TCR signaling pathway, T cell proliferation, activation and apoptosis pathways were significantly up-regulated, while some core genes involved in inhibiting T cell activation were significantly down-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#The molecular mechanism of the significantly improved T cell activation and proliferation ability in CML patients after TCRζ up-regulation may be related to the differential transcripts mediated signaling pathways of T cell activation, proliferation and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Lymphocyte Activation , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Up-Regulation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME2) to lymphoma Raji cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Different concentrations of 2-ME2 were used to treat lymphoma Raji cells. CCK8 method was used to detect the effect of 2-ME2 to proliferation of Raji cells. Flow cytometry FITC/PI double labeling method was used to detect early apoptosis of the cells. Western blotting was used to detect the effect of 2-ME2 to the expression of BCL-2, Bax, Caspase-3 and C-myc proteins in Raji cells.@*RESULTS@#2-ME2 significantly inhibited the proliferation of Raji cells. The inhibition rate increased with the increasing of drug concentration, and increased significantly with the prolongation of drug treatment time (r=0.9215). Flow cytometry FITC/PI double staining showed that the apoptotic rate of 2.5 μmol/L 2-ME2 treatment group was (33.79±1.63) %, while the apoptosis rate of the 48 h group was (51.90±2.72) %, and that of the control group was (7.08±0.36) %. After treated with 2.5 μmol/L 2-ME2 for 12 h, the expression of Bax protein was up-regulated, BCL-2 protein was down-regulated, caspase-3 protein expression was up-regulated, and C-myc protein expression was down-regulated, all of them showed a time-dependent relationship.@*CONCLUSION@#2-ME2 shows obvious inhibitory effect on lymphoma Raji cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Its mechanism of treatment on lymphoma Raji cells may be related to up-regulation of Bax/BCL-2 ratio and activation of Caspase-3 to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Down-regulation of C-myc protein expression also participates in the apoptotic process.


Subject(s)
2-Methoxyestradiol , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lymphoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Up-Regulation , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the expressions and distributions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), CD147, and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) in epidermis from psoriasis vulgaris and normal people, and to explore the associations among these proteins and their roles in hypoxic HaCaT cell line.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of HIF-1α, CD147, and GLUT1 were determined by immunohistochemistry staining in skin biopsies from 48 psoriasis vularis patients and 33 healthy subjects. Cobalt chloride (CoCl@*RESULTS@#HIF-1α, CD147, and GLUT1 were highly expressed and the glycolytic capacity was increased in lesions of psoriasis vulgaris; HIF-1α upregulated the expression of CD147 and GLUT1, increased the lactate production and decreased the ATP level in CoCl@*CONCLUSIONS@#Glycolytic capacity increases in the injured keratinocytes of psoriasis vulgaris, suggesting that HIF-1α, CD147, and GLUT1 are associated with glycolysis, which can be considered as the promising targets for psoriasis therapy.


Subject(s)
Basigin , Glucose Transporter Type 1 , Glycolysis , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Psoriasis/genetics , Transcriptional Activation , Up-Regulation
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 901-908, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921294

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on acute liver injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/D-galactosamine (D-Gal) and the underlying mechanism. Male BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS/D-Gal to induce acute liver injury model, and pretreated with DEX or in combination with the autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) 30 min before injection. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity, as well as myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in liver tissue were determined with the corresponding kits. Serum tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were determined by ELISA. The protein expression levels of LC3-II and P62 in liver tissue were determined by Western blot. Liver histopathological changes were detected by HE staining. The results showed that, compared with control group, LPS/D-Gal enhanced ALT and AST activity, increased TNF-α and IL-6 levels, as well as MPO activity, up-regulated LC3-II and P62 protein expression levels, and significantly induced pathological damage in liver tissue. DEX reversed the above changes in the LPS/D-Gal group, whereas these protective effects of DEX were blocked by 3-MA. The above results suggest that DEX alleviates LPS/D-Gal-induced acute liver injury, which may be associated with the up-regulation of LC3-II protein expression and the activation of autophagy.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/drug therapy , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Galactosamine/toxicity , Interleukin-6/blood , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Up-Regulation
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2619-2628, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Microribose nucleic acids (miRNAs) are implicated in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma. MicroRNA-345-5p (miR-345-5p) is a recently identified anti-oncogene in some human cancers, but its functional role and possible molecular mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma remain unknown. This study aimed to identify the biological function and underlying mechanism of miR-345-5p in lung adenocarcinoma cells.@*METHODS@#In this study, lung adenocarcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues were collected in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between April 2016 and February 2017. The expression of miR-345-5p and ras homolog family member A (RhoA) in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (A549, H1650, PC-9, and H441) was detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Functional assays including colony formation, flow cytometry analysis, wound healing, and transwell assays were performed to assess the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. In addition, RNA pulldown and luciferase reporter assays were conducted to evaluate the relationship between miR-345-5p and RhoA. Difference between the two groups was analyzed with Student's t test, while that among multiple groups was analyzed with one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#MiR-345-5p expression displayed lower level in lung adenocarcinoma tissues (0.241 ± 0.095 vs.1.000 ± 0.233, t = 19.247, P < 0.001) and cell lines (F = 56.992, P < 0.001) than control tissues and cells. Functional experiments demonstrated that upregulation of miR-345-5p inhibited the malignant phenotypes of lung adenocarcinoma cells via suppressing cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and facilitating cell apoptosis. Additionally, RhoA was verified to be the downstream target of miR-345-5p. Expression of RhoA was downregulated by overexpression of miR-345-5p in PC-9 (0.321 ± 0.047 vs. 1.000 ± 0.127, t = 8.536, P < 0.001) and H1650 (0.398 ± 0.054 vs. 1.000 ± 0.156, t = 4.429, P = 0.011) cells. Rescue assays revealed that overexpression of RhoA rescued the suppressive effects of miR-345-5p upregulation on proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further, miR-345-5p was found to regulate the Rho/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) signaling pathway by downregulation of RhoA in lung adenocarcinoma cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-345-5p plays a tumor suppressor role in lung adenocarcinoma cells by downregulating RhoA to inactivate the Rho/ROCK pathway.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Up-Regulation/genetics , rho-Associated Kinases/genetics , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/genetics
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10236, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249317

ABSTRACT

This work aimed to research the function of MARVEL domain-containing protein 1 (MARVELD1) in glioma as well as its functioning mode. Bioinformatics analysis was utilized to assess the MARVELD1 expression in glioma tissues and its relationship with grade and prognosis, based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx), and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) databases. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, and Transwell assays were carried out to determine the impact of MARVELD1 on malignant biological behavior of glioma, such as proliferation, invasion, and migration. qRT-PCR was carried out to test the mRNA level of MARVELD1. Western blot assay was performed to measure the protein expression of MARVELD1 and JAK/STAT pathway-related proteins. MARVELD1 was expressed at high levels in glioma tissues and cell lines. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the higher MARVELD1 expression, the shorter the survival time of patients with glioma. Also, the MARVELD1 expression in WHO IV was significantly enhanced compared to that in WHO II and WHO III. Furthermore, the functional analysis of MARVELD1 in vitro revealed that knockdown of MARVELD1 in U251 cells restrained cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while up-regulation of MARVELD1 in U87 cells presented opposite outcomes. Finally, we found that JAK/STAT signaling pathway mediated the function of MARVELD1 in glioma. MARVELD1 contributed to promoting the malignant progression of glioma, which is the key driver of activation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway in gliomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Brain Neoplasms , Glioma , Phenotype , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Cell Movement , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Membrane Proteins , Mice, Nude , Microtubule-Associated Proteins
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1530-1535, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143641

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to exhibit distinct functions on the convoluted processes of tumor developments. Some studies on the biological functions of lncRNA MAFG-AS1 (MAFG-AS1) in cancers revealed that they may serve as an oncogene in some kinds of tumors, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, little is known about the role of MAFG-AS1 in the prognostic of CRC. METHODS: A public dataset was mined for the screening of dysregulated lncRNAs in CRC. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(qPCR) was used to compare the levels of MAFG-AS1 between paired MAFG-AS1 specimens and normal adjacent tissues. The correlations between MAFG-AS1 and clinic pathological features in CRC were analyzed using the chi-square test. The log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier test were carried out to compare the survival time of patients with high and low expressions of MAFG-AS1. Cox regression was applied for univariate and multivariate assays to validate whether MAFG-AS1 could be an independent factor in the prognosis of CRC. RESULTS: We found that the distinct upregulation of MAFG-AS1 in various tumors was a common event. MAFG-AS1 was distinctly up-regulated in CRC specimens compared to matched non-tumor specimens (p < 0.01). High MAFG-AS1 expressions were closely associated with depth of invasion (p = 0.011) and TNM stage (p = 0.022). Survival assays revealed that patients with high expression of MAFG-AS1 have a shorter overall survival (p = 0.0030) and disease-free survival (p = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: MAFG-AS1 can serve as a novel potential biomarker to predict CRC patients' survival time.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: RNAs longos não codificantes (lncRNAs) comprovadamente apresentam funções distintas no complicado processo de desenvolvimento de tumores. Alguns estudos sobre as funções biológicas dos lncRNA (MAFG-AS1) em cânceres revelaram que eles podem funcionar como um oncogene em alguns tipos de tumores, inclusive no câncer colorretal (CCR). No entanto, pouco é conhecido sobre o papel do MAFG-AS1 no prognóstico do CCR. MÉTODOS: Um conjunto de dados públicos foi analisado em busca de lncRNAs desregulados em casos de CCR. Uma análise quantitativa de reação em cadeia de polimerase precedida de transcrição reversa (qPCR) em tempo real foi utilizada para comparar os níveis de MAFG-AS1 entre pares de amostras de MAFG-AS1 normal e tecidos adjacentes. As correlações entre MAFG-AS1 e características clínico-patológicas do CCR foram analisadas através do teste qui-quadrado. Os testes de Log-rank e Kaplan-Meier foram utilizados para comparar o tempo de sobrevida de pacientes com expressões altas e baixas do MAFG-AS1. A regressão de Cox foi aplicada para ensaios uni e multivariados para validar se MAFG-AS1 poderia ser um fator independente no prognóstico do CCR. RESULTADOS: Observamos que a regulação aumentada de MAFG-AS1 em vários tumores foi um evento comum. MAFG1 estava claramente com a regulação aumentada em espécimes de CCR quando comparado ao de espécimes equivalentes não-tumorais (p < 0,01). Altas expressões de MAFG-AS1 estavam associadas à profundidade de invasão (p = 0,011) e classificação no sistema TNM (p = 0,022). As análises de sobrevida revelaram que pacientes com expressões elevadas do MAFG-AS1 tiveram uma diminuição significativa da sobrevida global (p = 0,0030) e da sobrevida livre de doença (p = 0,0002). CONCLUSÃO: MAFG-AS1 pode ser um novo potencial biomarcador para predizer o tempo de sobrevida de pacientes de CCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Cell Proliferation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 210-215, Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136186

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES Lymphomas are a heterogeneous set of malignant neoplasias of lymphoid B and NK/T mature and immature cells at various stages of differentiation. Genetic and molecular biology tools are used to appropriately classify the type and prognosis of the lymphomas, which have implications in therapeutic effectiveness. Among them, the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase (NADPH) oxidase (NOX5) enzymes have been explored. This study analyzed the expression of NADPH oxidase 5 in lymphoma tissue according to the degree of tumor aggressiveness. METHODS Slides from 64 patients with lymphoma who had paraffin-embedded tissue available were reviewed by two independent, experienced pathologists. They classified tumors according to the WHO classification (2017). NOX5 expression in tissues was assessed by immunohistochemical staining using a tissue microarray. The assay was interpreted using a scoring system of 0, 1, 2, and 3, for cytoplasmic staining of NOX5 corresponding to negative, weak, intermediate, and strong staining, respectively. We compared the expression of NOX5 in patients with aggressive versus non-aggressive lymphomas. RESULTS NOX5 expression was positive in 100% (27/27) of aggressive lymphomas and in 19% (7/37) of non-aggressive ones. The seven patients with positive expression of NOX5 presented intermediate staining (2); strong staining (3) was observed only in tissues of aggressive lymphomas, and negative and weak staining (0 and 1) were observed only in non-aggressive lymphomas. CONCLUSIONS Aggressive lymphomas overexpress NOX5 protein. The higher NOX5 expression in aggressive lymphomas can suggest an involvement of this enzyme on the acquisition of an aggressive phenotype in lymphoid neoplasia.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS Os linfomas são um grupo heterogêneo de neoplasias malignas de células linfoides B e NK/T maduras e imaturas em vários estágios de diferenciação. Ferramentas de biologia molecular e genética são usadas para classificar adequadamente o tipo e o prognóstico dos linfomas, os quais têm implicações na eficácia terapêutica. Entre eles, as enzimas nicotinamida adenina dinucleótido fosfato oxidase (NADPH) oxidase (NOX5) foram exploradas. Este estudo analisou a expressão da NADPH oxidase 5 em linfomas de acordo com o grau de agressividade tumoral. MÉTODOS As lâminas de 64 pacientes com linfoma, que tinham tecido embebido em parafina disponível, foram revisadas por dois patologistas experientes independentemente. Eles utilizaram a classificação da OMS (2017). A expressão de NOX5 nos tecidos foi avaliada por coloração imuno-histoquímica utilizando microarray de tecido. O ensaio foi interpretado com um sistema de pontuação de 0, 1, 2 e 3, para coloração citoplasmática de NOX5 correspondente à coloração negativa, fraca, intermediária e forte, respectivamente. Comparamos a expressão de NOX5 em pacientes com linfomas agressivos versus não agressivos. RESULTADOS A expressão de NOX5 foi positiva em 100% (27/27) dos linfomas agressivos e em 19% (7/37) dos linfomas não agressivos. Os sete pacientes com expressão positiva de NOX5 apresentaram coloração intermediária (2); coloração forte (3) foi observada apenas em tecidos de linfomas agressivos, e negativos e fracos (0 e 1) observados apenas em linfomas não agressivos. CONCLUSÕES Linfomas agressivos superexpressam a proteína NOX5. A expressão aumentada de NOX5 em linfomas agressivos pode sugerir um envolvimento dessa enzima na aquisição de um fenótipo agressivo na neoplasia linfoide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Up-Regulation , NADPH Oxidase 5/analysis , Lymphoma/pathology , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Retrospective Studies , Paraffin Embedding , Neoplasm Invasiveness
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8883, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055486

ABSTRACT

Opa-interacting protein 5 antisense transcript 1 (OIP5-AS1) is one kind of cytoplasmic long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), which has been demonstrated to play a critical function in multiple cancers. However, the detailed mechanism of OIP5-AS1 in the regulation of cervical cancer progression is still obscure. Here, we demonstrated that lncRNA OIP5-AS1 was upregulated in cervical cancer and was correlated with poor prognosis by bioinformatics studies. OIP5-AS1 depletion inhibited cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis in cervical cancer cells. Furthermore, we clarified that ROCK1 was the downstream effector of OIP5-AS1 and OIP5-AS1 acted as a molecular sponge of miR-143-3p. Finally, we verified that OIP5-AS1 exerted its function in the regulation of cervical cancer progression via interacting with miR-143-3p to regulate ROCK1 expression. Our study revealed novel mechanisms about how lncRNA OIP5-AS1 executed its function in cervical cancer and thus provided potential therapeutic targets for the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Apoptosis/physiology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/physiology , rho-Associated Kinases/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , rho-Associated Kinases/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e9085, Jan. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055483

ABSTRACT

Total Panax notoginseng saponin (TPNS) is the main bioactivity compound derived from the roots and rhizomes of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of TPNS in treating vascular neointimal hyperplasia in rats and its mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups, sham (control), injury, and low, medium, and high dose TPNS (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg). An in vivo 2F Fogarty balloon-induced carotid artery injury model was established in rats. TPNS significantly and dose-dependently reduced balloon injury-induced neointimal area (NIA) (P<0.001, for all doses) and NIA/media area (MA) (P<0.030, for all doses) in the carotid artery of rats, and PCNA expression (P<0.001, all). The mRNA expression of smooth muscle (SM) α-actin was significantly increased in all TPNS groups (P<0.005, for all doses) and the protein expression was significantly increased in the medium (P=0.006) and high dose TPNS (P=0.002) groups compared to the injury group. All the TPNS doses significantly decreased the mRNA expression of c-fos (P<0.001). The medium and high dose TPNS groups significantly suppressed the upregulation of pERK1/2 protein in the NIA (P<0.025) and MA (P<0.004). TPNS dose-dependently inhibited balloon injury-induced activation of pERK/p38MAPK signaling in the carotid artery. TPNS could be a promising agent in inhibiting cell proliferation following vascular injuries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Saponins/pharmacology , Carotid Artery Injuries/prevention & control , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Panax notoginseng/drug effects , Neointima/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Carotid Artery Injuries/etiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hyperplasia
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(1): 42-47, Jan. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091906

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE ADAMTS4 is a member of the ADAMTS4 family, which secretes proteinases. The mechanism of tumor metastasis may be correlated to its promotion of angiogenesis. It was determined whether ADAMTS4 participates in colorectal cancer progression. Methods The expression in clinical samples and CRC cell lines was investigated. Using immunohistochemistry (IHC), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and RT-PCR, the expression of ADAMTS4 was determined in colorectal tumors of different cancer stages and anatomic sites, and in three cell lines of different aggressiveness. Results The overexpression of ADAMTS4 was observed in tissue samples by IHC, and this was mainly located in the cytoplasm, as detected by FISH. The qRT-PCR and western blot analyses further supported the clinical sample findings. Conclusion The present data support the notion that the overexpression of ADAMTS4 in CRC might be useful as a non-invasive biomarker for detecting CRC in patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO ADAMTS4 é um membro da família ADAMTS4, que secreta proteinases. O mecanismo da metástase do tumor pode ser correlacionado a sua promoção da angiogênese. Determinou-se se ADAMTS4 participa na progressão do câncer colorretal. Métodos A expressão em amostras clínicas e linhas de células CRC foi investigada. Usando a imuno-histoquímica (IHC), a hibridação fluorescente in situ (HFIS) e o RT-PCR, a expressão de ADAMTS4 foi determinada em tumores colorretais de diferentes estágios do câncer e locais anatômicos, e em três linhas de células de níveis de agressividade distintos. Resultados A superexpressão de ADAMTS4 foi observada em amostras de tecido por IHC, e esta foi localizada principalmente no citoplasma, como detectado pelo HFIS. O qRT-PCR e a análise de wester blot corroboraram os resultados clínicos da amostra. Conclusão Os dados atuais corroboram a noção de que a superexpressão de ADAMTS4 no CRC pode ser útil como um biomarcador não invasivo para a detecção de CRC em pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , ADAMTS4 Protein/analysis , Prognosis , Reference Values , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Blotting, Western , Analysis of Variance , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Disease Progression , Cell Line, Tumor , Middle Aged
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762471

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: LINC01234, a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is overexpressed in several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the role of LINC01234 in CRC development and confirmed its correlation with Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6), a tumor suppressor gene that is dysregulated in CRC. METHODS: We tested mRNA levels using quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Tissue samples from patients with CRC, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), hyperplastic polyp, and adenoma were included. Correlations between clinicopathological parameters, overall survival (OS) rate, and LINC01234 were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis H test. Additionally, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and tumor formation in nude mice were tested to investigate the mechanism of LINC01234. Western blotting was used to determine protein levels. RESULTS: LINC01234 expression was significantly upregulated in CRC tissues and CRC cell lines than in non-tumor tissues and normal epithelial cells, respectively. LINC01234 was associated with high tumor stage, larger tumor size, and metastasis. Patients with higher LINC01234 expression showed reduced OS. Cell proliferation was inhibited by LINC01234 knockdown, whereas apoptosis was enhanced. Mice injected with SW480 cells with LINC01234 knockdown displayed decreased tumor volume, weight, and Ki-67 levels compared with those injected with control cells. KLF6 was negatively regulated by LINC01234. Overexpression of KLF6 showed effects similar to those observed following LINC01234 knockdown on cell proliferation and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: LINC01234 could be a prognostic biomarker in CRC patients. Upregulation of LINC01234 in CRC promotes tumor development through negative regulation of KLF6.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Epithelial Cells , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mice , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Metastasis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polyps , Prognosis , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Long Noncoding , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Burden , Up-Regulation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828042

ABSTRACT

To explore whether paeonol can play an anti-atherosclerotic role by regulating the expression of aortic caveolin-1 and affecting NF-κB pathway, so as to inhibit the inflammatory response of vascular endothelium in atherosclerotic rats. The atherosclerotic model of rats was induced by high-fat diet and vitamin D_2. The primary culture of vascular endothelial cells(VECs) was carried out by tissue block pre-digestion and adherent method. The injury model of VECs was induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS), and filipin, a small concave protein inhibitor, was added for control. HE staining was used to observe pathological changes of aorta. TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 were detected by ELISA. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression levels of caveolin-1 and p65 in aorta and VECs. The results showed that as compared with model group, paeonol significantly reduced aortic plaque area and lesion degree in rats, decreased the level of serum TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 in the rats and enhanced the relative expression level of caveolin-1, decreased p65 expression conversely(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In vitro, as compared to model group, paeonol obviously improved cell morphology, decreased the secretion of TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 in VECs, increased caveolin-1 expression, and decreased p65 protein expression(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, filipin could reverse the effect of paeonol on expression of inflammatory factors and proteins(P<0.05 or P<0.01). According to the results, it was found that paeonol could play the role of anti-atherosclerosis by up-regulating the expression of caveolin-1 and inhibiting the activation of NF-κB pathway to reduce vascular inflammation in atherosclerotic rats.


Subject(s)
Acetophenones , Animals , Caveolin 1 , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Inflammation , NF-kappa B , Rats , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Up-Regulation
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(9): e9877, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132555

ABSTRACT

Clostridium difficile causes intestinal inflammation, which increases adenosine. We compared the expression of adenosine receptors (AR) subtypes A1, A2A, A2B, and A3 in HCT-8, IEC-6 cells, and isolated intestinal epithelial cells, challenged or not with Clostridium difficile toxin A and B (TcdA and TcdB) or infection (CDI). In HCT-8, TcdB induced an early A2BR expression at 6 h and a late A2AR expression at 6 and 24 h. In addition, both TcdA and TcdB increased IL-6 expression at all time-points (peak at 6 h) and PSB603, an A2BR antagonist, decreased IL-6 expression and production. In isolated cecum epithelial cells, TcdA induced an early expression of A2BR at 2s and 6 h, followed by a late expression of A2AR at 6 and 24 h and of A1R at 24 h. In CDI, A2AR and A2BR expressions were increased at day 3, but not at day 7. ARs play a role in regulating inflammation during CDI by inducing an early pro-inflammatory and a late anti-inflammatory response. The timing of interventions with AR antagonist or agonists may be of relevance in treatment of CDI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacterial Toxins , Clostridioides difficile , Clostridium Infections , Receptors, Purinergic P1/metabolism , Bacterial Proteins , Up-Regulation , Interleukin-6 , Disease Models, Animal , Enterotoxins , Infections , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e9346, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132516

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis (AS) is a common vascular disease, which can cause apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells. Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1) is considered an anti-AS drug. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are believed to play a vital role in cell apoptosis and angiogenesis. This study aimed to explore the mechanism of NGR1 for treating AS through miRNAs. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate. The levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1β were detected using ELISA. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured using corresponding assay kits. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay was performed to detect miR-221-3p expression. Dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays were carried out to examine the relationship between miR-221-3p and toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4). Also, western blot analysis was performed to determine the levels of TLR4 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway-related proteins. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. NGR1 alleviated the negative effect of ox-LDL through promoting the expression of miR-221-3p in HUVECs. TLR4 was a target of miR-221-3p, and its overexpression could reverse the inhibition effects of miR-221-3p on apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. NGR1 improved miR-221-3p expression to inhibit the activation of the TLR4/NF-κB pathway in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs. NGR1 decreased ox-LDL-induced HUVECs apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress through increasing miR-221-3p expression, thereby inhibiting the activation of the TLR4/NF-κB pathway. This study of the mechanism of NGR1 provided a more theoretical basis for the treatment of AS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/adverse effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Inflammation/metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Signal Transduction , Transcriptional Activation , Up-Regulation , Blotting, Western , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Reactive Oxygen Species , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Immunoprecipitation , Toll-Like Receptor 4/antagonists & inhibitors , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of Chinese medicine Buyang Huanwu decoction (BYHWD) promoting neurogenesis and angiogenesis in ischemic stroke rats.@*METHODS@#Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, BYHWD group, antagonist group and antagonist control group with 14 rats in each. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery for 90 min with intraluminal filament and reperfusion for 14 d in all groups except sham operation group. BYHWD (13 g/kg) was administrated by gastrogavage in BYHWD group, antagonist group and antagonist control group at 24 h after modeling respectively, and BrdU (50 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally in all groups once a day for 14 consecutive days. miR-199a-5p antagomir or NC (10 nmol) was injected into the lateral ventricle at d5 after ischemia in antagonist and antagonist control groups, respectively. The neurological deficits were evaluated by the modified neurological severity score (mNSS) and the corner test, and the infract volume was measured by toluidine blue staining. Neurogenesis and angiogenesis were detected by immunofluorescence double labeling method. The expression level of miR-199a-5p was tested by real-time RT-PCR, and the protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were determined by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#BYHWD treatment significantly promoted the recovery of neurological function (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Buyang Huanwu decoction promotes neurogenesis and angiogenesis in rats with cerebral ischemia, which may be related to increased protein expression of VEGF and BDNF through upregulating miR-199a-5p.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Male , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neurogenesis/drug effects , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationships between expression levels of serum microRNA-146a, STAT1 protein and clinical characteristics in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 102 children diagnosed as ALL in our hospital from June 2014 to June 2016 were enrolled, and were compared by into groups according to clinical characteristics including sex, age, lymphocyte type, disease risk, chemotherapy stage and gene mutation. Fifty healthy children were chosen as control group. The relative expression of microRNA-146a and STAT1 gene was detected by real-time RT-PCR and the relative level of STAT1 protein was detected by Western blot. The difference of microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein levels between clinical factors and laboratory indexs were compared. Followed-up for 3 years, The difference of overall survival (OS) rates between ALL children with different microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein were compared.@*RESULTS@#The levels of microRNA-146a, STAT1 mRNA and protein in ALL children were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05), but there were no significantly differences in sex, age and lymphocyte type grouping in ALL children (P>0.05). There were significantly differences in different disease risk, chemotherapy stage and gene mutation groups in ALL children (P<0.05). Followed-up for 3 years, the OS rate of ALL children with high microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein levels were better than those with low microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein levels (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The up-regulation of microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein may be involved in occurrence and development of ALL, which closely relates to clinical characteristics in ALL children, such as disease risk, chemotherapy stage and gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , STAT1 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Up-Regulation
19.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 130-140, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811085

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is recognized as a common inflammatory skin disease and frequently occurred in Asian and Black individuals.OBJECTIVE: Since the limitation of dataset associated with human severe AD, this study aimed to screen potential novel biomarkers involved in mild AD.METHODS: Expression profile data (GSE75890) were obtained from the database of Gene Expression Omnibus. Using limma package, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between samples from AD and healthy control were selected. Furthermore, function analysis was conducted. Meanwhile, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and transcription factor (TF)-miRNA-target regulatory network were constructed. And quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to validate the expressions patterns of key genes.RESULTS: In total, 285 DEGs including 214 upregulated and 71 downregulated genes were identified between samples from two groups. The upregulated DEGs were mainly involved in nine pathways, such as hematopoietic cell lineage, pertussis, p53 signaling pathway, staphylococcus aureus infection, and cell cycle, while tight junction was the only pathway enriched by the downregulated DEGs. Cyclin B (CCNB)1, CCNB2, cyclin A (CCNA)2, C-X-C motif chemokine ligand (CXCL)10, and CXCL9 were key nodes in PPI network. The TF-miRNA-target gene regulatory network focused on miRNAs such as miR-106b, miR-106a, and miR-17, TFs such as nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1, RELA proto-oncogene, Sp1 transcription factor, and genes such as matrix metallopeptidase 9, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma , and serpin family E member 1. Moreover, the upregulation of these genes, including CCNB1, CCNB2, CCNA2, CXCL10, and CXCL9 were confirmed by qRT-PCR.CONCLUSION: CCNB1, CCNB2, CCNA2, and CXCL9 might be novel markers of mild AD. miR-106b and miR-17 may involve in regulation of immune response in AD patients.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biomarkers , Cell Cycle , Cell Lineage , Computational Biology , Cyclin A , Cyclin B , Dataset , Dermatitis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Gene Expression , Gene Regulatory Networks , Humans , MicroRNAs , NF-kappa B , PPAR gamma , Proto-Oncogenes , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Skin Diseases , Sp1 Transcription Factor , Staphylococcus aureus , Tight Junctions , Transcription Factors , Up-Regulation , Whooping Cough
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1086-1095, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827156

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of OCT4 over-expression on the expression of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-related transcription factors (cMYC,KLF4,LIN28,NANOG and SOX2) in human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs), so as to provide fundamental basis for exploring the pathogenesis of hematological diseases (leukemia, aplastic anemia, etc.) from the perspective of hemopoietic microenvironment in the future.@*METHODS@#Recombinant plasmid pcDNA3.1-OCT4 was constructed and transferred into the optimal generation P3-4 hBMMSCs by liposome transfection. The cells with stable and high expression of OCT4(hBMMSCs-OCT4)were screened by G418 resistance screening (limited dilution) and subcloning, the expression of OCT4 mRNA and OCT4 protein was verified by RT-PCR and FCM, respectively. The expression of iPSC-related transcription factors (cMYC, KLF4, LIN28, NANOG and SOX2) were also determined by FCM and RT-PCR, so as to evaluate the effect of ectopic high expression of OCT4 on the expression of iPSC related transcription factors in hBMMSCs.@*RESULTS@#Recombinant plasmid pcDNA3.1-OCT4 was successfully constructed and cells with stable and high expression of OCT4 were successfully screened from hBMMSCs by limited dilution and subcloning. The result of flow cytometry showed that the mean expression level of OCT4 protein increased from (3.03±1.49)% to (95.46±1.40)% compared with the untransfected parental MSCs, which was also confirmed by RT-PCR analysis. At the same time, the expression levels of OCT4 protein and mRNA were compared between transient transfection (day 4) and stable expression cells (day 96), respectively, it was showed that the OCT4 protein level increased from (36.36±0.28)% at day 4 to (96.25±1.38)% at day 96, and the OCT4 mRNA level increased from 2.75-folds to 6.23-folds, respectively. Compared with the untransfected parental MSCs, the average expression levels of stemness transcription factors increased from (1.12±0.47)% (cMYC), (0.84±0.30)% (KLF4), (2.14±0.79)% (LIN28), (0.63±0.37)% (NANOG) and (14.34±2.44)% (SOX2) to (80.65±4.75)%, (73.03±4.70)%, (68.08±3.05)%, (39.39±1.85)%and (91.45±4.56)% in hBMMSCs-OCT4, respectively, which were consistent with results of RT-PCR analysis. Moreover, the expression levels of NANOG and SOX2 positively correlated with the mean expression of OCT4 (OCT4 vs NANOG: r=0.7802,OCT4 vs SOX2: r=0.4981;NANOG vs SOX2: r=0.7426).@*CONCLUSION@#Cells with stable and high expression of OCT4 have been successfully established from hBMMSCs. Ectopic high expression of transcription factor OCT4 in hBMMSCs can up-regulate the expression of other iPSC-related transcription factors such as cMYC, KLF4, LIN28, NANOG and SOX2.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Nanog Homeobox Protein , Genetics , Octamer Transcription Factor-3 , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Up-Regulation
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