Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 58
Filter
1.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(1): e475, ene.-abr. 2019.
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1093098

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fibrosis quística es una enfermedad genética que constituye causa frecuente de neumopatía crónica grave en adultos jóvenes. Se asocia a cirrosis de vías biliares y cálculos vesiculares, por lo que el anestesiólogo debe estar familiarizado con las características clínicas de la enfermedad a fin de disminuir el índice de complicaciones perioperatorias que pueden presentarse. Objetivo: Presentar las características clínicas y la conducta perioperatoria en una paciente con diagnóstico de fibrosis quística anunciada para colecistectomía videolaparoscópica. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 19 años de edad, raza negra, con múltiples infecciones respiratorias durante la infancia, que se diagnosticó como caso nuevo de fibrosis quística y durante los estudios se observó litiasis vesicular sintomática por lo que se anunció para colecistectomía videolaparoscópica. Se describe la evaluación y preparación preoperatoria, así como la conducta anestésica intraoperatoria. Conclusiones: Los resultados anestésicos dependen de la atención a una enfermedad compleja que afecta a múltiples órganos y el control estrecho y el tratamiento oportuno de la enfermedad pulmonar previa(AU)


Introduction: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that is a frequent cause of severe chronic lung disease in young adults. It is associated with biliary tract cirrhosis and gallstones, a reason why the anesthesiologist must be familiar with the clinical characteristics of the disease in order to reduce the rate of perioperative complications that may occur. Objective: To present the clinical characteristics and perioperative behavior in a patient diagnosed with cystic fibrosis announced for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy. Clinical case: Female patient of 19 years of age, black race, with multiple respiratory infections during childhood, who was diagnosed as a new case of cystic fibrosis. During the studies, symptomatic vesicular lithiasis was observed, that's why the patient what was announced for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy. The evaluation and preoperative preparation, as well as the intraoperative anesthetic behavior are described. Conclusions: Anesthetic outcomes depend on the attention to a complex disease that affects multiple organs and the close control and timely treatment of previous lung disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Anesthetics/therapeutic use
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(2): 79-92, 20180000. cua
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370668

ABSTRACT

Choledocholithiasis is one of the more common benign disorders of the biliary tract with multiple features of presentation and several alternatives for its diagnosis and treatment. Our aim was to perform a based-evidence revision to propose a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm. The raised values of gamma glutamiltranspeptidase, alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin, are well predictors for a choledocholithiasis. The image evidence for a pre-operative detection with higher sensibility, specificity and better cost-effectiveness is the cholangioresonance. For its intraoperative detection, the cholangiography is the method most frequently used, though cholangioscopy is likewise useful. In the case of a post-operative suspicious, the cholangiography through the T tube is the gold standard. With regard to the treatment of the choledocholithiasis, the different stages are analyzed. depending if the detection was performed pre, intra or postoperatively. As a conclusion, the approach of the choledocholithiasis in one step seems to be better that to perform it in two steps, being the laparoscopic exploration for bile ducts stones more safety than the use of the intraoperative ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) .The postoperative ERCP is not recommended excepting in very selected cases, and the biliodigestive derivations should be reserved only for the primary lithiasis of the common bile duc


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts/surgery , Cholangiography , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Choledocholithiasis/pathology , Mirizzi Syndrome/therapy
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(5): 1047-1048, Sept.-Oct. 2016.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796884

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Currently, several modalities are used to manage bladder stones. We report laparoscopic single port cystolithotomy using stone basket via pneumovesicum method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Cystotomy/methods , Lithotripsy/methods , Carbon Dioxide , Sodium Chloride , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Dilatation/methods , Operative Time , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 87(1): 21-30, ene.-mar. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-740955

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: hasta hace pocos años, la litiasis biliar en la infancia se consideraba una enfermedad poco frecuente y se asociaba fundamentalmente a enfermedades hemolíticas. Con el advenimiento del ultrasonido abdominal, el hallazgo y diagnóstico de esta enfermedad aumentó. El espectro clínico descrito es muy amplio, y varía desde casos asintomáticos hasta la presencia de cuadros de colecistitis aguda. OBJETIVO: caracterizar clínica y quirúrgicamente a pacientes en edad pediátrica con litiasis vesicular operados en el Hospital Universitario Pediátrico Centro Habana. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, retro y prospectivo, en 182 pacientes con diagnóstico de litiasis biliar, intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el Servicio de Cirugía del hospital, desde junio de 2003 a junio de 2013. RESULTADOS: la litiasis biliar se evidenció con más frecuencia en el sexo femenino (52,7 %), y en el grupo de edades de 11 a 15 años. Los principales factores de riesgo fueron el sobrepeso (28 %) y la obesidad (21,4 %). La forma clínica predominante fue el dolor abdominal recurrente en hipocondrio derecho (69,7 %). El ultrasonido abdominal mostró predominio de cálculos únicos (54,9 %). La videolaparoscopia fue la vía de acceso de elección (98,9 %). La incidencia de complicaciones fue mínima (0,5 %), y el hallazgo anatomopatológico más frecuente fue la colecistitis crónica litiásica (89,6 %). El 92,9 % tuvo corta estadía. No hubo fallecidos. CONCLUSIONES: se considera que la litiasis biliar no es rara en Pediatría, sobre todo en niñas con exceso de peso, que su forma de presentación más frecuente es el dolor abdominal recurrente, y el acceso laparoscópico ofrece excelentes resultados.


INTRODUCTION: till a few years ago, biliary lithiasis in childhood was considered as an uncommon disease mainly linked to hemolytic illnesses. With the advent of the abdominal ultrasound, the diagnosis and findings of this disease became more frequent. The clinical spectrum is very broad and ranges from asymptomatic cases to acute cholecystitis. OBJECTIVE: to characterize clinically and surgically the pediatric patients with gallbladder lithiasis operated on at the university pediatric hospital of Centro Habana. METHODS: prospective, retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive study of 182 patients diagnosed with biliary lithiasis. They had been operated on at the surgical service of this hospital from June 2003 through June 2013. RESULTS: biliary lithiasis was more frequently observed in girls (52.7 %) and in the 11-15 years-old group. The main risk factors were overweight (28 %) and obesity (21.4 %). The predominant clinical form was recurrent abdominal pain in the right hypochondrium (69.7 %). The abdominal ultrasound mostly showed single calculi (54.9 %). Video-assisted laparoscopy was the access way of choice (98.9 %). The incidence of complications was minimal (0.5 %) and the common anatomical and pathological finding was chronic lithiasic cholecystitis (89.6 %). The length of stay at hospital was short, with 92.9 %. There was not a single death. CONCLUSIONS: it is considered that biliary lithiasis is not a rare entity in pediatrics, mainly in overweighed girl; the most common form of presentation is recurrent abdominal pain and the laparoscopic access offers the best results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Lithiasis/diagnosis , Gallbladder , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138287

ABSTRACT

When access to a major duodenal papilla or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography has failed, percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotripsy (PTCS-L) may be useful for removing common bile duct (CBD) stones. However, the feasibility and usefulness of percutaneous transhepatic papillary large-balloon dilation (PPLBD) during PTCS-L for the removal of large CBD stones has not been established. We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of PPLBD for the treatment of large CBD stones. Eleven patients with large CBD stones in whom the access to the major papilla or bile duct had failed were enrolled prospectively. Papillary dilation was performed using a large (12-20 mm) dilation balloon catheter via the percutaneous transhepatic route. Post-procedure adverse events and efficacy of the stone retrieval were measured. The initial success rate of PPLBD was 100%. No patient required a basket to remove a stone after PPLBD. Electrohydraulic lithotripsy was required in 2 (18.2%) patients. The median time to complete stone removal after PPLBD was 17.8 min and no adverse events occurred after PPLBD. Asymptomatic hyperamylasemia was not encountered in any patients. This study indicates that PPLBD is safe and effective for removal of large CBD stones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ampulla of Vater/surgery , Bile Ducts/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Gallstones/surgery , Hyperamylasemia , Lithotripsy/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic/methods , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138286

ABSTRACT

When access to a major duodenal papilla or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography has failed, percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotripsy (PTCS-L) may be useful for removing common bile duct (CBD) stones. However, the feasibility and usefulness of percutaneous transhepatic papillary large-balloon dilation (PPLBD) during PTCS-L for the removal of large CBD stones has not been established. We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of PPLBD for the treatment of large CBD stones. Eleven patients with large CBD stones in whom the access to the major papilla or bile duct had failed were enrolled prospectively. Papillary dilation was performed using a large (12-20 mm) dilation balloon catheter via the percutaneous transhepatic route. Post-procedure adverse events and efficacy of the stone retrieval were measured. The initial success rate of PPLBD was 100%. No patient required a basket to remove a stone after PPLBD. Electrohydraulic lithotripsy was required in 2 (18.2%) patients. The median time to complete stone removal after PPLBD was 17.8 min and no adverse events occurred after PPLBD. Asymptomatic hyperamylasemia was not encountered in any patients. This study indicates that PPLBD is safe and effective for removal of large CBD stones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ampulla of Vater/surgery , Bile Ducts/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Gallstones/surgery , Hyperamylasemia , Lithotripsy/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic/methods , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 40(3): 227-233, maio-jun. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-680938

ABSTRACT

Cálculos vesicais são raros e a maioria dos casos ocorre em homens adultos com obstrução infravesical. Atualmente, existem poucos dados sobre o melhor tratamento desta doença. O objetivo desta revisão foi discutir alguns aspectos da patogênese e abordar o tratamento da litíase vesical. Uma ampla pesquisa na base de dados da "National Library of Medicine"/Pubmed foi realizada com os seguintes unitermos e descritores: vesical ou bexiga associados a cálculo, pedra ou litíase, e cistolitotripsia. Cento e setenta e um artigos foram identificados. Os artigos foram avaliados independentemente por dois revisores com experiência em urolitíase. Foram incluídos quando os resultados, complicações e seguimento foram claramente reportados. No final, 32 estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Nota-se que diversas opções para o tratamento da litíase vesical estão disponíveis, porém não há estudos randomizados comparando-as. Diferentes taxas de pacientes livres de cálculo são descritas, sendo: litotripsia extracorpórea com ondas de choque (75-100%), cistolitotripsia transureteroscópica (63-100%), cistolitotripsia percutânea (89-100%) e cirurgia aberta (100%). O acesso percutâneo apresenta menor morbidade com resultados semelhantes ao tratamento transuretral, enquanto a litotrispsia extracorpórea apresenta as menores de taxas de eliminação de cálculos e fica reservada aos pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico.


Bladder stones are rare and most cases occur in adult men with bladder outlet obstruction. Currently, there are few data on the best treatment of this disease. The aim of this review is to discuss some aspects of pathogenesis and treatment approaches for bladder lithiasis. A comprehensive search of the database of the "National Library of Medicine" /pubmed was conducted with the following key words and descriptors: "bladder" or "vesical" associated with "calculus", "stone" or "lithiasis", and "cistolithotripsy ". One hundred and seventy-one articles were identified. The articles were independently assessed by two reviewers with expertise in urolithiasis. They were included in the study when the results, complications and follow-up were clearly reported. In the end, 32 studies met the inclusion criteria. Several options for the treatment of bladder lithiasis are available, but no randomized trials comparing them. Different rates of calculus-free patients are described in each of them, as follows: extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (75-100%), transurethral cistolithotripsy (63-100%), percutaneous cistolithotripsy (89-100%) and open surgery (100 %). The percutaneous approach has lower morbidity, with similar results to the transurethral treatment, while extracorporeal lithotripsy has the lowest rate of elimination of calculi and is reserved for patients at high surgical risk.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 51(3): 245-253, jul.-sep. 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-658878

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones iatrogénicas de las vías biliares se han convertido en una verdadera preocupación de la comunidad de cirujanos a nivel mundial dado su significativo aumento después del advenimiento de la cirugía laparoscópica, pues se reportan anualmente miles de casos. Presentamos a un paciente víctima de una lesión iatrogénica compleja, que requirió 5 intervenciones para su solución. Consecuentemente, el propósito de este trabajo es recomendar que siempre, esta cirugía de gran complejidad técnica, debe ser realizada solamente en centros de referencia y con personal de experiencia(AU)


Iatrogenic lesions of the bile ducts has become a real concern for the surgeons worldwide, given the marked rise of this health problem after the emergence of laparoscopic surgery, since thousands of cases are annually reported. Here is the case of a male patient suffering complex iatrogenic lesion, who required 5 surgeries to solve the problem. The objective of this paper was to recommend that this highly complex surgery be always performed by experienced medical staff in reference centers(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bile Ducts/injuries , Cholangiography/methods , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Iatrogenic Disease/epidemiology , Jejunostomy/methods , Medical Errors/adverse effects
10.
Medical Forum Monthly. 2012; 23 (1): 68-70
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-124965

ABSTRACT

To assess the complications of suprapubic cystolitholapaxy as an alternative procedure for bladder stones in pediatric age group. Prospective analystical study. This study was carried out in Department of Urology, University of Medical and health sciences Jamshoro from May 2006 to December 2010. this study consisted of 148 patients admitted though the outpatient department of Liaquat University Hospital Jamshoro/Hyderabad. All patients underwent base line and specific investigations especially ultrasound of abdomen and pelvis as diagnostic modality for assessment of bladder stones. Inclusion criteria were all these patients who after counseling for this study and gave written consent parents. Irrespective of their sex and age < 12 years of age presented with bladder stone of < 3cm. Exclusion criteria included were patients having history of previous surgery, posterior urethral valves, stricture urethra and stone > 3 cm were excluded from the study. Results were prepared with help of tables and graphs. Data was analyzed through SPSS software. 148 patients, 124 [83.78%] were boys and 24 [16.21%] were girls with ratio 5.1:1 respectively. Mean age of the patients was 5.3 years with range from 1 to 11 years. Twelve [8.1%] patients presented with retention of urine due to impacted stone at bladder neck or prostatic urethra while 16 [10.81%] patients had coexisting renal stones. The mean size of the stones was 1.9 cm with range from 1.1 to 2.8 cm. Total operative time ranged from 25 to 40 minutes. Patients were discharged after observing first void on 2[nd] post-operative day 136 [91.89%] while twelve [8.11%] patients required further stay due to either suprapubic urinary leakage in 5[3.37%] or urinary retention in 7[4.72%] patients. Percutaneous suprapubic cystolitholapaxy is safe and cost-effective alternative to open surgery in children with

Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Urethral Diseases/therapy , Urinary Retention , Pediatrics
11.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 49(2)abr.-jun. 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-584308

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 80 años de edad, con antecedentes de diabetes mellitus de tipo II, cardiopatía isquémica y obesidad exógena, que ingresó de urgencia, por presentar un cuadro de dolor abdominal, varios vómitos y distensión abdominal de 3 días de evolución. De forma secundaria presentó una deshidratación moderada. En la radiografía simple de abdomen se constataron signos radiológicos de oclusión intestinal, que corroboraron una ecografía abdominal y una tomografía axial computadorizada de abdomen. Se corrigió el desequilibrio hidroelectrolítico y se realizó una laparotomía exploradora, en la que se encontró un cálculo grande enclavado en el íleon terminal. Se realizó una enterolitotomía con enterorrafia y resolvió el cuadro oclusivo. A los 16 días del alta, la paciente reingresa con un cuadro similar y al reintervenirla se constató la presencia de otro cálculo y de una fístula colecistogástrica, que involucraba la vesícula biliar y el antro gástrico. Se reparó mediante colecistectomía y gastrorrafia. Al final del transoperatorio la paciente presentó un episodio de fibrilación ventricular, con bradicardia extrema, y finalmente un paro en asistolia. Fue reanimada, pero la situación no se revirtió y la paciente falleció(AU)


This the case of a female patient aged 80 with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart failure and a exogenous obesity urgently admitted due to abdominal pain, vomiting and abdominal distention of 3 days course. In abdominal simple radiograph radiological signs of intestinal occlusion were confirmed corroborated by abdominal echography and CAT. Hydroelectrolytic imbalance was corrected performing an exploration laparotomy observing the presence of large calculus located in terminal ileum. An enterolithotomy with enterorrhaphy and occlusive picture was resolved. At 16 from discharge, patient is re-admitted with a similar situation and at re-intervention presence of another calculus and a cholecystogastric fistula was verified involving the gall bladder and the gastric antrum repairing by gastrorrhaphy. At the end of transoperative period, patient had an episode of ventricular fibrillation with extreme bradycardia and an asystolic arrest. She was reanimated but there wasn't reversion and patient died(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy/methods , Lithiasis/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Gallbladder/pathology , Heart Arrest/mortality
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 49(2)abr.-jun. 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-584295

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento quirúrgico de la litiasis vesicular ha cambiado en los últimos años. La incorporación de las nuevas conductas en la práctica médica diaria no siempre es inmediata. Se argumentan las razones relativas a cuándo operar a un paciente con cálculos en la vesícula biliar, y se documenta cómo este procedimiento se reserva fundamentalmente para los pacientes sintomáticos, considerando el dolor como el síntoma por excelencia. También se expone cómo se ha enfrentado este cambio(AU)


Surgical treatment of vesicular lithiasis has changed in past years. The addition of the new techniques in daily medical practice not always is immediate. Reasons relative to when to operate a patient presenting with gall bladder calculi are argued and documenting how this procedure is mainly reserved for symptomatic patients where pain is considered as a symptom par excellence . Also, it is exposed how this change has been faced(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Renal Colic/etiology
14.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Caracas) ; 32(2): 171-175, dic. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-631569

ABSTRACT

Presentamos un caso de fístula colecistobiliar y colecistoduodenal (síndrome de Mirizzi tipo Va) resuelto por abordaje laparoscópico. El síndrome de Mirizzi representa una complicación de la litiasis vesicular que supone un reto quirúrgico, especialmente desafiante si se realiza por laparoscopia, ya que su resolución puede requerir destrezas especiales y equipos e instrumentos a los que el cirujano general no está habituado. Describimos el caso de una paciente femenina de 58 años de edad que consultó por presentar cuadro de ictericia obstructiva de dos semanas de evolución, con alteración del perfil hepático y ultrasonido abdominal que evidencia litiasis vesicular y dilatación del colédoco, se realiza colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE), donde se evidencia imagen de defecto a nivel de la unión císticocoledociana, sin lograr la extracción del mismo. Se realizó el abordaje por vía laparoscópica, evidenciando síndrome adherencial severo, con presencia de fístula colecistoduodenal y colecistobiliar. Se procedió a la disección y sección del trayecto fistuloso entre la vesícula y la primera porción del duodeno, con cierre primario de este último. Posteriormente se realizó coledocotomía longitudinal y exploración de la vía biliar con el uso del coledocoscopio extrayéndose un cálculo de 1,5 cm, se realizó el cierre primario de la coledocotomía, y finalmente colecistectomía subtotal a nivel de la bolsa de Hartman con autosuturadora lineal-cortante de 45 mm. El abordaje laparoscópico del paciente con litiasis vesicular y síndrome de Mirizzi enfrenta al equipo quirúrgico a una situación difícil, sin embargo, es una alternativa factible siempre y cuando sea realizado por cirujanos con experiencia en cirugía laparoscópica avanzada de la vía biliar y se cuente con los recursos necesarios


Case report of the laparoscopic resolution of a type V Mirizzi´s Syndrome. This syndrome is a rare complication of the choletihiasis that becomes a surgical challenge, especially if made under laparoscopy, because it demands special skills and equipments uncommon to the general surgeons. A 58 years old female patient who presents a two weeks history of obstructive biliary syndrome. Hepatic enzymes were high and abdominal ultrasonography revealed gallstones and a dilated common bile duct. Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERCP) revealed biliary stones in the junction between cystic duct and the common bile duct and the instrumentation was not effective. The laparoscopic approach showed severe adherences around the gallbladder with a cholecystoduodenal fistula and a cholecystobiliary fistula. We continue with the dissection and resection of the cholecystoduodenal fistula using primary closure of the duodenum. Afterwards we performed the transcholedochal common bile duct exploration and the capture of a 1,5 cm stone. Then we proceed with the primary closure of the common bile duct and subtotal cholecystectomy at the Hartman’s pouch using a 45 mm lineal autosuture. The laparoscopic management of patient with gallstones and Mirizzi´s syndrome is a difficult situation for the surgical team. However it is possible and save whenever a surgical team and the require resources are available


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Choledocholithiasis/pathology , Fistula/surgery
16.
Rev. argent. resid. cir ; 14(1): 22-25, oct. 2009. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-563235

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La colecistectomía laparoscópica representa en la actualidad el tratamiento de elección para la litiasis vesicular sintomática. El diagnóstico temprano de las complicaciones permite la rápida resolución de los mismas disminuyendo la morbimortalidad. La utilización en forma sistemática de drenajes en la colecistectomía laparoscópica permitiría advertir pérdidas biliares o hemáticas en forma precoz. Objetivo: Demostrar la utilidad de los drenajes tubulares de pequeño calibre, utilizados sistemáticamente en la colecistectomía laparoscópica. Lugar de aplicación: Sanatorio Franchin. Obra Social del Personal de la Construcción (OSPECON). Diseño: Estudio retrospectivo. Período: Enero 2006 -Enero 2009. Conclusiones: La utilización de drenajes abdominales en las cirugías laparoscópicas analizadas en esta serie, no agregaron morbilidad, fueron útiles para la detección temprana de complicaciones postoperatorias inmediatas en la mitad de los casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Case Reports , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Urinary Bladder Calculi/diagnosis , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/trends , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage
17.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Caracas) ; 32(1): 25-30, jun. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-631548

ABSTRACT

Para comparar la efectividad del abordaje laparoscópico en pacientes con colecodolitiasis compleja versus el manejo laparoscópico en un solo tiempo se realizó un estudio prospectivo, que incluyó a 20 pacientes con indicación de exploración laparoscópica de la vía biliar en el período comprendido entre febrero 2005 y octubre 2008. Se estudiaron los pacientes con CPRE fallida y se compararon con pacientes manejados en un solo tiempo. En siete pacientes (35 por ciento) la indicación de exploración de vías biliares fueron: alta sospecha de coledocolitiasis y CPRE fallida. La tasa de éxitos en este grupo fue de 57 por ciento versus 84,7 por ciento para los pacientes manejados en un solo tiempo. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio (187’ vs 106’) y la estadía hospitalaria (4,5 vs 2,3 días) estuvieron probablemente relacionados con la mayor complejidad de los casos. Los pacientes en los que se presentan dificultades en la resolución mediante CPRE, deben ser considerados casos complejos, en los cuales la efectividad del procedimiento laparoscópico disminuye y la tasa de conversión aumenta considerablemente


In order to compare the success of the laparoscopic exploration in patient with complicated choledocholitiasis versus single stage laparoscopic management, we realized a prospective study of 20 patients with indication of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration admitted in the period February 2005 - October 2008. We studied patients in whom the PCRE was ineffective versus single stage laparoscopic management. In seven patients (35 percent) the indication of the laparoscopic common bile duct exploration was high risk of common bile duct stones and ineffective PCRE. The success rate was 57 percent versus 84.7 percent in the laparoscopic single stage management group. The surgical mean time (187’ vs 106’) and the hospital stay (4.5 vs 2.3 days) were probably related with the higher complexity of these cases. The patients with common bile duct stones in whom the PCRE is ineffective, must be considered complex cases. In these patients, the laparoscopic management success is lower with an increase conversion rate


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Urinary Bladder Calculi/diagnosis , Cholangiography/methods , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Choledocholithiasis/diagnosis , Laparoscopy/methods
19.
Rev. venez. cir ; 62(1): 16-22, mar. 2009. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-539980

ABSTRACT

Determinar la utilidad del bisturi armónico en la realización de la colecistectomía laparoscópica. El tipo de estudio es descriptivo, prospectivo. La muestra fue de 25 pacientes con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular, la distribución según el sexo y la edad, fue veinte (20) pacientes femeninas y cinco (5) maculinos con una media de edad de 45 años (18-69 años). El tiempo quirúrgico total con una media de 56,7 min; un tiempo de armónico minimo con una media de 30,5 min. Hubo una complicación que representa el 4 por ciento de la muestra, la misma estuvo representada por una fuga biliar. En vista de la complicación presentada se colocó dren a los 13 pacientes restantes, que se retiró a las 24 horas del postoperatorio. El tiempo de hospitalización fue de 24 horas en 21 pacientes y de 48 horas en 4 pacientes que representa 84 por ciento y 16 por ciento de la muestra respectivamente. La colecistectomía laparoscópica con el uso del bisturi armónico para la ligadura del conducto y la arteria císticos es un procedimiento que es factible y seguro con bajas tasas de morbimortalidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Cystic Duct/surgery , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Urinary Bladder Calculi/diagnosis , Urinary Bladder Calculi/pathology , Ultrasonography , Medical Records , Incidence , Ligation/methods
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 74(1): 42-46, 2009. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-535047

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de la migración intravesical de dispositivo intrauterino con litiasis vesical secundaria. El diagnóstico se realizó 20 años después de la inserción del dispositivo, por la aparición de síntomas urinarios bajos a repetición y hematuria. La ultrasonografía y la radiografía de pelvis son herramientas diagnósticas relevantes en la sospecha inicial de esta patología, que debe siempre completarse con tomografía pélvica y cistoscopia.


This is a case report of an intravesical migration of an intrauterine device, with secondary vesical lithiasis. The diagnosis was made 20 years after the insertion of the device, because of the appearance of recurrent low urinary tract symptoms and haematuria. Ultrasonography and pelvic radiography are important diagnostic tools on the initial study of this pathology that must be completed with pelvic tomography and cistoscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery , Urinary Bladder Calculi/etiology , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Laparoscopy , Foreign-Body Migration/surgery , Urinary Bladder Calculi/diagnosis , Urinary Bladder/injuries
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL