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1.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(4): 136-42, out-dez. 2022. Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) ­ Financiamento 2013/ 13934-1, tab, tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399038

ABSTRACT

Contexto: A função sexual feminina é influenciada por múltiplos fatores, e as comorbidades são um desses motivos. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre incontinência urinária (IU) e baixa função sexual feminina (BFS) em mulheres de meia-idade em um estudo de base populacional. Metodos: Estudo de corte transversal no município de Campinas, São Paulo, com 472 mulheres sexualmente ativas, no período de setembro de 2012 a junho de 2013. O Short Personal Experiences Questionnaire (SPEQ) foi utilizado para avaliar a BFS. Fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos foram avaliados. Utilizou-se Qui-quadrado, Fischer e Mann-Whitney e modelos de regressão múltipla de Poisson para análise estatística. Resultados: Na amostra geral a BFS foi associada à baixa renda razão de prevalência (RP) 1,55, 95% intervalo de confiança, (IC) 1,01­2,38, menor atividade física (RP 2,35, 95% IC 1,34­4,14), secura vaginal na relação sexual (RP 1,94 95% IC 1,25­3,0) e problemas de sono (RP 1,68, 95% IC 1,09­2,6). No grupo com incontinência urinária, os fatores associados à BFS foram problemas de sono (RP 2,63 IC 95% 1,30­5,34 P = 0,007) e baixa atividade física (RP 3,16 IC 95% 1,11­9,05 P = 0,032). Discussão: A BFS tem origem multifatorial e a IU não sobressaiu como fator associado. Conclusoes: A IU não se associou à BFS. Em mulheres incontinentes, a BFS se associou a problemas de sono e sedentarismo. Em mulheres com IU e BFS deve-se abordar adequadamente insônia e sedentarismo.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Women , Exercise , Sexuality , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
2.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 245-249, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388732

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La TVT (tension-free vaginal tape) es una cirugía efectiva, pero no exenta de riesgos. Las complicaciones vasculares ocurren en un 0,9-1,7%; solo el 0,33% se presentan como hematoma masivo, en general asociado a la lesión de variante anatómica corona mortis (CM). OBJETIVO: Reportar tres tipos de manejo en pacientes con hematomas masivos después de cirugía para la incontinencia. MÉTODO: Revisión de casos de hematomas masivos tras TVT. Análisis de tres casos con diferente manejo. RESULTADOS: 1086 pacientes operadas en 10 años, 1% hematomas sintomáticos, 0,36% hematomas masivos. Se presentan tres casos. Caso 1: presenta inestabilidad hemodinámica sin respuesta a volumen ni vasoactivos, requirió laparotomía exploradora y se encontró un vaso sangrante retropúbico, compatible con CM, y un hematoma de 1000 cc. Caso 2: hipotensión que responde a volumen, asintomática al día siguiente de alta, reingresó 12 días después con caída de 6 puntos en la hemoglobina y la tomografía computarizada (TC) mostró un hematoma de 550 cc; recibió drenaje percutáneo. Caso 3: asintomática, alta el primer día posoperatorio, reingresa al quinto día con descenso de 4 puntos en la hemoglobina y la TC informa hematoma de 420 cc, que drena espontáneamente por vía vaginal. Todas las pacientes recibieron 14 días de antibióticos, y permanecieron continentes. CONCLUSIONES: Los hematomas retropúbicos masivos son una complicación poco frecuente. Su manejo considera la estabilización hemodinámica, el control del sangrado y el drenaje.


INTRODUCTION: TVT (tension-free vaginal tape) is an effective surgery, not without risks. Vascular complications occur in 0.9 to 1.7%, of which 0.33% present as massive hematoma, generally associated with injury of an anatomical variant, Corona Mortis (CM). OBJECTIVE: To report three types of management in patients with massive hematomas after anti-incontinence surgery. METHOD: Review of cases of massive hematomas after TVT surgery. Analysis of three cases with different management. RESULTS: 1086 patients operated in 10 years, 1% symptomatic hematomas, 0.36% massive. Three cases are presented. Case 1: hemodynamic instability without response to volume or vasoactive agents, required reoperation with exploratory laparotomy, a retropubic bleeding vessel, compatible with CM, and hematoma 1000 cc was found. Case 2: hypotension responds to volume, asymptomatic at next day in discharge conditions, she was readmitted 12 days later with falled 6-point in Hb, and CT showed hematoma 550 cc; she received percutaneous drainage. Case 3: asymptomatic, discharge on the first day after TVT, readmitted on the 5th day with falled 4-point in Hb, CT informed hematoma 420 cc, spontaneously drains vaginally. Patients received 14 days of antibiotics, remained continent. CONCLUSIONS: Massive retropubic hematomas are an infrequent complication, and management considers hemodynamic stabilization, bleeding control and drainage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Urologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Suburethral Slings/adverse effects , Hematoma/etiology , Hematoma/therapy , Urinary Incontinence/surgery , Intraoperative Complications
3.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 36-44, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361184

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La incontinencia urinaria por esfuerzo (IUE) tiene una alta prevalencia en mujeres adultas, afectando variables psicológicas, sociales y funcionales como la disminución de capacidad de equilibrio, debido a una escasa contribución en los movimientos del tronco hacia una corrección postural. Objetivo: Determinar los efectos de un programa basado en ejercicio muscular de piso pélvico y educación sobre el equilibrio estático y la calidad de vida en mujeres con IUE. Materiales y métodos: Participaron 18 mujeres con IUE durante 12 semanas en 10 sesiones de ejercicio muscular de piso pélvico y educación (hábitos de higiene, micción, ingesta de líquidos). Pre y post-intervención se evaluó equilibrio estático mediante oscilografía postural y calidad de vida mediante el International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short-Form (ICQ-SF). Los datos fueron analizados con la prueba no paramétrica de Wilcoxon. Resultados: Se encontró una disminución significativa en el área de desplazamiento del centro de presión en el subtest ojos abiertos (p=0,027) y en el Subtest ojos cerrados (p=0,006). Disminuyó la sintomatología asociada a IUE (p=0,0001). Conclusiones: Pos-intervención mejora equilibrio estático y calidad de vida, confirmando los efectos positivos de este programa que pueden servir de orientación a profesionales de la salud que trabajan con mujeres con IUE.


Introduction: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) has high prevalence in adult women, affecting psychological, social and functional variables, including decreased balance capacity, due to a lack of trunk movements that contribute to postural correction. Objective: To determine how a program based on pelvic floor muscle exercises and education affects static balance and quality of life of women with SUI. Materials and methods: 18 SUI female patients participated in a 12 week/10 sessions program that included pelvic floor muscle exercises and education (hygiene habits, urination, fluid intake). Static balance and quality of life were assessed before and after the intervention using postural oscillography and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form(ICQ-SF), respectively. Data were analyzed with the non-parametric Wilcoxon test. Results: The displacement area of the center of pressure in the open (p=0.027) and closed (p=0.006) subtests showed a significant reduction. Likewise, the amount of symptoms associated with SUI decreased (p=0.0001). Conclusions: Intervention improves static balance and quality of life, confirming the positive effects of this program, which can serve as a guide for health professionals who work with women with SUI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Urologic Diseases , Exercise , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence , Urinary Incontinence, Stress , Postural Balance , Healthy Lifestyle
4.
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0522, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1381968

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Verificar a prevalência e os fatores de risco associados à incontinência urinária em mulheres jovens nulíparas. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada através de busca nas bases de dados: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências de Saúde (LILACS), Índice Bibliográfico Espanhol em Ciências da Saúde (IBECS) e na Base de Dados de Enfermagem (BDENF), no período de março a junho de 2021, utilizando os descritores: "incontinência urinária", "prevalência", "mulheres", "estudantes" e "adulto jovem" combinados através do operador booleano "AND". Resultados: A busca inicial resultou em 234 artigos e, após aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade, obteve-se uma amostra final de 5 artigos. Após as análises, evidenciou-se prevalência de incontinência urinária em mulheres jovens nulíparas de 48%. Os fatores de risco foram: atividade física de alto impacto, duração da atividade física, sintomas intestinais e urinários concomitantes. Conclusão: Observou-se que a ocorrência de incontinência urinária em mulheres jovens nulíparas é uma condição comum, os fatores de risco associados demonstram a necessidade de orientação em saúde a essas mulheres para evitar a cronificação do agravo.


Objective:To verify the prevalence and risk factors associated with urinary incontinence in nulliparous young women. Methods: Integrative literature review, performed by searching the following databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), Spanish Bibliographic Index in Health Sciences (IBECS) and in the Nursing Database (BDENF), from March to June 2021, using the descriptors: "urinary incontinence", "prevalence", "women", "students" and "young adult" combined with the Boolean operator "AND". Results: The initial search resulted in 234 articles and, after applying the eligibility criteria, a final sample of 5 articles was obtained. After the analyses, a prevalence of urinary incontinence in young nulliparous women of 48% was evidenced. Risk factors were: high-impact physical activity, duration of physical activity, concomitant bowel and urinary symptoms. Conclusion: It was observed that the occurrence of urinary incontinence in nulliparous young women is a common condition. The associated risk factors demonstrate the need for health guidance to these women to avoid the chronification of the disease.


Objetivo:Verificar la prevalencia y los factores de riesgo asociados a incontinencia urinaria en mujeres jóvenes nulíparas. Método: Revisión integral de literatura realizada a través de búsqueda en las bases de datos: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDILINE) Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias De Salud (LILACS), Índice bibliográfico español en ciencias de salud (IBECS) y en la Base de Datos de Enfermería (BDENF), en el periodo de marzo a junio del 2021 utilizando los descriptores "incontinencia urinaria", "prevalencia", "mujeres", "estudiantes" y "adulto joven" combinados a través del operador booleano "AND". Resultados: Después del análisis se evidenció una prevalencia de incontinencia urinaria en mujeres jóvenes nulíparas de 48%. Los factores de riesgo fueron: actividad física de alto impacto, duración de actividad física, síntomas intestinales y urinarios concomitantes. Conclusión: Se observó que la ocurrencia de incontinencia urinaria en mujeres jóvenes nulíparas es una condición común. Los factores de riesgo asociados demuestran la necesidad de orientación en salud a esas mujeres para evitar la cronificación de la gravedad.


Subject(s)
Students , Urinary Incontinence , Prevalence , Enterostomal Therapy
5.
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0122, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379800

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:objetivou-se descrever os procedimentos técnicos operacionais e dados clínicos relacionados à implantação de um programa de atenção à saúde das pessoas com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico em um serviço público de atenção secundária. Método: trata-se de um relato de experiência, baseado em vivências relacionadas à assistência acadêmico-profissional na implantação de serviço voltado aos distúrbios do assoalho pélvico na região do Cariri cearense, realizado de maio a julho de 2021. Resultados: para a implantação do serviço, adotaram-se as seguintes estratégias: rastreamento da rede de atenção à saúde da pessoa com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico; estruturação organizacional do serviço; captação de pessoas com disfunções pélvicas; início dos atendimentos; e seguimento terapêutico. Conclusão: face ao exposto, evidencia-se que o programa de atenção à saúde das pessoas com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico pôde ser implantado satisfatoriamente, tendo em vista a infraestrutura, ao expressivo quantitativo de atendimentos realizados e ao seguimento terapêutico alcançado. Assim, com este relato, espera-se contribuir para o desenvolvimento de novos serviços ambulatoriais voltados a essa área de atuação do enfermeiro estomaterapeuta e da equipe multidisciplinar.


Objective:the objective was to describe the technical operational procedures and clinical data related to the implementation of a health care program for people with pelvic floor disorders in a public secondary care service. Method: this is an experience report, based on experiences related to academic and professional assistance in the implementation of a service aimed at pelvic floor disorders in the Cariri region of Ceará, carried out from May to July 2021. Results: for the implementation of the service, the following strategies were adopted: tracking the health care network for people with pelvic floor disorders; organizational structuring of the service; capturing people with pelvic dysfunctions; start of care; and therapeutic follow-up. Conclusion: in view of the above, it is evident that the health care program for people with pelvic floor disorders could be implemented satisfactorily, considering the infrastructure, the significant amount of care provided and the therapeutic follow-up achieved. Thus, with this report, it is expected to contribute to the development of new outpatient services aimed at this area of work of the stomatherapist nurse and the multidisciplinary team.


Objetivo:El objetivo es describir los procedimientos técnicos operativos y datos clínicos relacionados a la implementación de un programa de atención a la salud de las personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico en un servicio público de atención secundaria. Método: se trata de un reporte de experiencia, basado en vivencias relacionadas a la asistencia académico-profesional en la implementación de servicio destinado a los trastornos del suelo pélvico en la región del Cariri cearense, realizado de mayo a julio de 2021. Resultados: para la implementación del servicio, se adoptaron las siguientes estrategias: rastreo de la red de atención a la salud de personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico; estructuración organizacional del servicio; captación de personas con disfunciones pélvicas; inicio de la atención; y seguimiento terapéutico. Conclusión: frente a lo expuesto, queda evidente que el programa de atención a la salud de las personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico puede ser implementado satisfactoriamente, teniendo en cuenta la infraestructura, el importante número de atenciones realizadas y al seguimiento terapéutico alcanzado. Así, con este informe, se espera contribuir al desarrollo de nuevos servicios ambulatorios destinados a esta área de trabajo del enfermero estomaterapeuta y del equipo multidisciplinario.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Delivery of Health Care , Fecal Incontinence , Pelvic Floor Disorders , Enterostomal Therapy
7.
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 316-325, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364940

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common syndrome associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially urinary incontinence in children, which may affect the patient's quality of life (QoL). Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to be associated with OAB syndrome. This study evaluated the relationship between vitamin D status and OAB-related symptoms and QoL in children. Materials and Methods: The study included 52 pediatric patients with OAB-related urinary incontinence and 41 healthy children. LUTS were assessed using the Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Symptoms Score (DVISS) questionnaire, and QoL was assessed using the Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PINQ). Oral vitamin D supplementation was given to patients with OAB with vitamin D deficiency. Urinary symptoms and QoL were evaluated before and after vitamin D supplementation. Results: Vitamin D deficiency was more common in the OAB group (75%) than in the control group (36.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that vitamin D status (<20ng/mL) was a significant predictor of OAB. Both pre-treatment and post-treatment DVISS and PINQ scores showed a positive correlation. After vitamin D supplementation, 8 (23.5%) patients had a complete response and 19 (55.9%) patients had a partial response. Significant improvement in QoL was also achieved. Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency is more common in children with urinary incontinence and OAB than in healthy children. Although vitamin D deficiency is not routinely evaluated for every patient, it should be evaluated in treatment-resistant OAB cases. Vitamin D supplementation may improve urinary symptoms and QoL in patients with OAB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Urinary Incontinence/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/etiology , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58236, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366306

ABSTRACT

The article has the purpose of identify the factors associated with the occurrence of urinary incontinence (UI) among volleyball athletes. This is a cross-sectional study conducted with female athletes of court volleyball. An interview was conducted to identify the factors associated with UI. The presence of urinary loss was identified using the Urinary Distress Inventory 6 (UDI-6). The associated factors found were divided into those related to sociodemographic (education and marital status), behavioral (constipation occurrence), obstetric (previous pregnancies), hereditary (skin color), and sports practice variables (sports level, volleyball position, time of sports practice in years, physical and tactical training routine, and daily water intake). The Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney U test, and binary logistic regression model were used. This study included 83 volleyball athletes with a mean age of 26.6 (± 7.2) years. It was found that 25.3% of the volleyball athletes presented UI and those that reported symptoms of constipation were 10 times more likely to develop UIthan those without constipation.Women who practice high-impact sports in a professional manner, such as volleyball, should be aware of the symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction, since they will be predisposed to urine leakage. The finding that a considerable number of athletes report UI and that long-term sports practice exposes athletes to a higher risk of UI indicates that pelvic exercises should be proposed in order to reduce these symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Urinary Incontinence/diagnosis , Women , Volleyball , Athletes , Exercise , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Women's Health , Drinking , Sociodemographic Factors
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the relationship between recovery of urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and preoperative/postoperative membranous urethral length (MUL) on magnetic resonance imaging.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed 69 patients with pathologic confirmed prostate carcinoma who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Preoperative MUL was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the level of the urethra at penile bulb on the coronal image. Postoperative MUL was defined as the distance from the bladder neck to the level of the urethra at the penile bulb on the coronal image. MUL-retained rate was defined as the percentage of postoperative MUL to preoperative MUL. All patients received extraperitoneal LRP. Patients reported freedom from using safety pad (0 pad/d) were defined as urinary continence. Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank test were used to compare time to continence recovery between the groups.@*RESULTS@#For all the 69 patients, the average age was (71.4±8.6) years. The prostate specific antigen before biopsy was (23.40±30.31) μg/L, and the mean preoperative prostatic volume by magnetic resonance imaging was (39.48±22.73) mL. The mean preoperative MUL was (13.0±3.3) mm, the mean postoperative MUL was (12.3±3.4) mm, and the mean MUL-retained rate was 93.9%±6.2%. The continence rate for all the patients after LRP was 57.9% and 97.1% in three months and one year, respectively. The patients achieving early continence recovery had significant smaller prostatic volume (P=0.028), longer preoperative MUL and postoperative MUL (P < 0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analyses revealed postoperative MUL (P < 0.001) were predictors of continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Log-rank test revealed that preoperative MUL (≥14 mm vs. < 14 mm, P < 0.001) and postoperative MUL (≥13 mm vs. < 13 mm, P < 0.001), MUL-retained rate (< 94% vs. ≥94%, P < 0.001) were all significantly associated with continence recovery.@*CONCLUSION@#Post-operative MUL was independently predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Preoperative MUL, postoperative MUL and MUL retained rate were significantly associated with recovery of urinary continence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Urethra , Urinary Incontinence/etiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936087

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate quality of life (QoL) of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) who underwent low anterior resection with protective stoma under neoadjuvant therapy mode, and to explore the changes of QoL of patients from before neoadjuvant therapy to 12 months after stoma reversal. Methods: A descriptive case series study was carried out. A retrospective study was performed on patients with mid and low LARC who received complete neoadjuvant long course radiotherapy and chemotherapy, followed by radical low anterior resection (LAR) combined with protective stoma at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2017 to January 2020. Inclusion criteria: (1) patients with rectal MRI assessment of mT3-4b or mN1-2 without distant metastasis (M0) before neoadjuvant therapy; (2) distance from tumor lower margin to the anal verge <12 cm; (3) rectal adenocarcinoma confirmed by biopsy before neoadjuvant therapy; (4) complete cycle of neoadjuvant therapy; (5) patients undergoing radical LAR with sphincter preservation and protective ostomy; (6) patients receiving follow-up for more than 12 months after stoma reversal. Exclusion criteria: (1) patients as grade Ⅳ to Ⅴclassified by the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA); (2) patients with multiple primary colorectal cancer; (3) patients with history of other malignant tumors in the past 5 years; (4) patients of emergency surgery; (5) pregnant or lactating women; (6) patients with history of severe mental illness; (7) patients with contraindication of MRI, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or surgical treatment. A total of 83 patients were enrolled, including 51 males and 28 females with median age of 59 years and mean BMI of (24.4±3.1) kg/m(2). EORTC QLQ-CR29, international erectile function index (IIEF), Wexner constipation score and low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) score were applied to investigate the QoL of the patients before neoadjuvant therapy, 3 and 12 months after ostomy reversal, including rectal anal function and sexual function. M (P25, P75) was used for the scores of the scale. Results: (1) EORTC QLQ-CR29 score showed that before neoadjuvant therapy, before surgery, 3 months and 12 months after ostomy reversal, anxiety [64.4 (52, 0, 82.5), 75.3 (66.0, 89.5), 82.6 (78.5, 90.0), 83.6 (78.0, 91.0)] and concern about body image [76.8 (66.0, 92.0), 81.1 (76.5, 91.5), 85.5 (82.5, 94.0), 86.1 (82.0, 92.0)] were improved (all P<0.01); pelvic pain [5.4 (2.0, 8.0), 5, 0 (2.0, 7.8), 3.9 (1.0, 5.0), 3.0 (1.0, 5.0)], urinary incontinence [15.7 (7.0, 22.0), 11.1 (0, 17.5), 10.0 (0, 17.0), 9.9 (0, 16.0)], impotence [14.3 (4.2, 19.0), 12.2 (0, 16.8), 5.6 (0, 10.0), 5.2 (0.2, 8.0)], urinate [26.4 (13.0, 38.5), 13.9 (0, 20.0), 13.4 (2.5, 21.5), 13.2 (2.0, 20.0)] and mucous bloody stool [4.7 (3.0, 6.0), 2.6 (0, 5.0), 2.2 (0, 5.0), 1.9 (0, 4.0)] were improved as well (all P<0.01). The scores fluctuated in the improvement of male sexual function, abdominal pain, dry mouth, worry about body mass change, skin pain and dyspareunia, but the symptoms were significantly improved after ostomy reversal compared with before neoadjuvant therapy (all P<0.05). There were no significant changes in female sexual function, dysuria, dysgeusia and fecal incontinence after ostomy reversal compared with before neoadjuvant therapy (all P>0.05). (2) IIEF scale showed that all scores were similar before and after neoadjuvant therapy (all P>0.05). (3) Rectal and anal function scale revealed that before neoadjuvant therapy, before operation, 3 months and 12 months after stoma reversal, gas incontinence [3.1 (0, 4.0), 2.3 (0, 4.0), 1.8 (0, 4.0), 1.2 (0, 3.0)] and urgent defecation [7.2 (0, 11.0), 5.2 (0, 11.0), 2.9 (0, 9.0), 1.7 (0, 0)] were improved (all P<0.001). In terms of improving incomplete emptying sensation, the symptoms fluctuated, but the symptoms improved significantly after ostomy reversal compared with before neoadjuvant therapy (all P<0.05). While the symptoms of assistance with defecation [0 (0, 0), 0.7 (0, 1.0), 0.6 (0, 1.0), 0.7 (0, 1.0)] and defecation failure [0.2 (0, 0), 1.0 (0, 2.0), 0.8 (0, 1.5), 0.8 (0, 1.0)] showed a worsening trend (all P<0.001). Stratified analysis was performed on patients with different efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy to compare the changes in QoL before and after neoadjuvant therapy. Patients with less sensitive and more sensitive neoadjuvant therapy showed similar changes in function and symptoms. Patients with less sensitive therapy showed significant improvement in dysuria, urinary incontinence, skin pain and dyspareunia (all P<0.05), and the symptom of defecation frequency in more sensitive patients was significantly improved (P<0.05). Conclusions: For patients with LARC, neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy combined with radical LAR and protective stoma can improve QoL in many aspects. It is noted that patients show a worsening trend in the need for assistance with defecation and in defecation failure.


Subject(s)
Dyspareunia , Dysuria , Female , Humans , Lactation , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Pain , Postoperative Complications , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Incontinence
13.
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 4(1): 125-136, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391833

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Colombia es un país que enfrenta diversas situaciones provenientes de la falta de educación sexual y educación en salud adecuada: casos de abuso sexual, embarazos en niñas menores de catorce años y la incidencia y prevalencia de la in-continencia urinaria por afectación del piso pélvico. Objetivo. El presente artículo busca dar cuenta del desconocimiento en temas de salud sexual y sus consecuencias, evidenciar los beneficios que podrían generar las intervenciones de educación sexual integral en el país y reflexionar sobre el rol del fisioterapeuta en la rehabilitación y prevención de disfunciones del piso pélvico en las mujeres. Reflexión. Si se incorporaran procesos de fisioterapia pélvica como componente preventivo, que incluya educación, se podría reducir el desconocimiento, el riesgo de vulneración de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos y futuras disfunciones del piso pélvico. La importancia de la educación desde la fisioterapia radica en que las mujeres reconozcan que, al aumentar la fuerza de su musculatura, están cuidando de su piso pélvico hasta edades avanzadas, en las que se estima que la prevalencia de incontinencia urinaria es del 34%. Conclusiones: Un programa de educación sexual impartido desde el currículo po-dría disminuir las condiciones de salud del piso pélvico, así como los factores de riesgo de abuso sexual. Además, permitiría el acompañamiento médico adecuado para orientar el inicio de la vida sexual en un proceso seguro y consciente, así como la expresión de la sexualidad con libertad, al ser concebida como un derecho


Introduction. Colombia is a country that faces various situations stemming from the lack of sexual education and adequate health education: cases of sexual abuse, pregnancies in girls under fourteen years old, and the incidence and prevalence of urinary incontinence due to pelvic floor involvement. Aim. This article seeks to account for the lack of knowledge about sexual health issues and their consequences. Also, to show the benefits that comprehensive sexua-lity education interventions could generate in the country. Finally, to reflect on the physiotherapist's role in the rehabilitation and prevention of pelvic floor dysfunc-tions in women. Reflection. If pelvic physiotherapy processes were incorporated as a preventive component, including sexual education, it could reduce ignorance, the risk of viola-tion of sexual and reproductive rights, and future dysfunctions of the pelvic floor. The importance of physiotherapy ́s education is that women recognize that, by increasing the strength of their muscles, they are taking care of their pelvic floor until advanced ages, in which it is estimated that the prevalence of urinary incontinence is 34%. Conclusions. A sexual education program taught from the curriculum could redu-ce the health conditions of the pelvic floor, as well as the risk factors for sexual abuse. It would also allow adequate medical support to guide the beginning of sexual life in a safe and conscious process, as well as the expression of sexuality with freedom as it is conceived as a right


Subject(s)
Sex Education , Physical Therapy Modalities , Reproductive Rights , Reproductive Health , Primary Prevention , Urinary Incontinence , Women , Risk Factors , Pelvic Floor , Sexuality , Minors , Education , Physical Therapists , Sexual Health
14.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 31: e20210398, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1377406

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to understand how aged people with intestinal ostomies experience this situation together with urinary incontinence. Method: a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research study, developed with 77 aged individuals with intestinal ostomies assisted by the Unified Health System, in four municipalities from the Metropolitan Region of Florianópolis. Data collection was conducted using semi-structured interviews from October 2019 to February 2020. The theoretical framework used was Dorothéa Orem's Self-Care Theory and the data were submitted to content analysis, in its thematic modality. Results: the analysis allowed generating three thematic categories: 1) Feelings generated by the intestinal ostomy and urinary incontinence: acceptance, denial, fear, insecurity, constraints experienced due to the ostomy and to the urinary incontinence symptoms; 2) Lifestyle changes; and 3) Deficit in self-image. Conclusion: it was evidenced that, for most of the research participants, it is difficult to accept the experience of living with an intestinal ostomy and urinary incontinence, which generally produce negative feelings. However, the participants proved to be resilient and able to adapt to the changes in lifestyle. Many of these behaviors are due to the health professionals' important contribution in providing them the necessary attention, encouraging self-care strategies in both situations.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comprender de qué manera los ancianos con ostomías intestinales viven esta situación junto con la incontinencia urinaria. Método: investigación cualitativa, descriptiva y exploratoria, desarrollada con 77 ancianos con estomías intestinales atendidos por el Sistema Único de Salud en cuatro municipios de la Región Metropolitana de Florianópolis. La recolección de datos se realizó entre octubre de 2019 y febrero de 2020 por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas. El marco de referencia teórico empleado fue la Teoría de Autocuidado de Dorothéa Orem; los datos se sometieron a análisis de contenido, en su modalidad temática. Resultados: el análisis permitió generar tres categorías temáticas: 1) Sentimientos generados por la estomía intestinal y por la incontinencia urinaria: aceptación, negación, miedo, inseguridad, restricciones experimentadas a raíz de la ostomía y de los síntomas de la incontinencia urinaria; 2) Cambios en el estilo de vida; y 3) Déficit en la imagen propia. Conclusión: se hizo evidente que a la mayoría de los participantes de la investigación les resulta difícil aceptar la vida con una estomía intestinal e incontinencia urinaria, que generalmente les provocan sentimientos negativos. Sin embargo, los participantes se mostraron resilientes y aptos para adaptarse a los cambios en el estilo de vida. Muchos de estos comportamientos se deben al importante aporte de los profesionales de la salud al brindarles la atención necesaria, estimulando estrategias de autocuidado en ambas situaciones.


RESUMO Objetivo: compreender como o idoso com estomia intestinal vivencia essa situação em conjunto com a incontinência urinária. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva e exploratória, desenvolvida junto a 77 idosos com estomia intestinal atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde, em quatro municípios da Região Metropolitana de Florianópolis. A coleta de dados foi realizada de outubro/2019 a fevereiro/2020, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada. O referencial teórico utilizado foi a Teoria de Autocuidado de Dorothéa Orem; os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, na modalidade temática. Resultados: a análise permitiu a geração de três categorias temáticas: 1) sentimentos gerados pela estomia intestinal e pela incontinência urinária: aceitação, negação, medo, insegurança, constrangimentos vivenciados pela estomia e os sintomas da incontinência urinária; 2) alterações do estilo de vida; 3) déficit na autoimagem. Conclusão: evidenciou-se que para a maioria dos participantes da pesquisa é difícil aceitar a vivência com estomia intestinal e incontinência urinária, que geralmente lhes provocam sentimentos negativos. No entanto, os participantes mostraram-se resilientes e aptos a se adaptar às mudanças no estilo de vida. Muitos desses comportamentos se devem à importante contribuição dos profissionais da saúde em dar-lhes a necessária atenção, estimulando estratégias de autocuidado em ambas as situações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Urinary Incontinence , Aged , Qualitative Research , Self Care , Ostomy , Colostomy
15.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20220135, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1406758

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture associated with pelvic floor muscle training for the control of urinary incontinence following radical prostatectomy. Method: Open-label, parallel randomized clinical trial. The intervention group (n = 33) underwent eight sessions of systemic acupuncture associated with pelvic floor muscle training and the control group (n = 31) performed only pelvic floor muscle training. The outcome variable was urinary incontinence assessed by the Pad Test and Daily Pad Used, before treatment (T0), after four weeks (T1) and after eight weeks of treatment (T2). Data analysis was performed using a longitudinal model of Generalized Estimating Equations, significance level of 0.05. Results: The control group showed greater urinary loss compared to the intervention group at T1 (p = 0.006) and at T2 (p < 0.001). Both groups showed improvement in the level of urinary incontinence over time, but the improvement was greater in the intervention group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Acupuncture associated with pelvic floor muscle training was effective in reducing urinary incontinence in prostatectomized men. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials:RBR-3jm5y2


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad de la acupuntura asociada al entrenamiento muscular de piso pélvico para el control de la incontinencia urinaria post-prostatectomía radical. Método: ensayo clínico aleatorizado paralelo, del tipo abierto. El grupo intervención (n = 33) fue sometido a ocho sesiones de acupuntura sistémica asociada al entrenamiento muscular de piso pélvico y el grupo control (n = 31) solamente al entrenamiento muscular de piso pélvico. La variable desfecho fue incontinencia urinaria evaluada por el Pad Test y Daily Pad Used, antes del tratamiento (T0), después de cuatro semanas (T1) y después de ocho semanas de tratamiento (T2). El análisis de datos fue realizado por modelo longitudinal de Ecuaciones de Estimaciones Generalizadas, nivel de significancia de 0,05. Resultados: el grupo control presentó mayor pérdida urinaria en comparación al grupo intervención en T1 (p = 0,006) y en T2 (p < 0,001). Ambos grupos presentaron mejor nivel de incontinencia urinaria a lo largo del tiempo, sin embargo la mejora fue mayor en el grupo intervención (p < 0,001). Conclusión: la acupuntura asociada al entrenamiento muscular de piso pélvico fue efectiva para la reducción de la incontinencia urinaria en hombres prostatectomizados. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos:RBR-3jm5y2


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade da acupuntura associada ao treinamento muscular do assoalho pélvico para o controle da incontinência urinária pós-prostatectomia radical. Método: Ensaio clínico aleatorizado paralelo, do tipo aberto. O grupo intervenção (n = 33) foi submetido a oito sessões de acupuntura sistêmica associada ao treinamento muscular do assoalho pélvico e o grupo controle (n = 31) somente ao treinamento muscular do assoalho pélvico. A variável desfecho foi incontinência urinária avaliada pelo Pad Test e Daily Pad Used, antes do tratamento (T0), após quatro semanas (T1) e após oito semanas de tratamento (T2).A análise de dados foi realizada por modelo longitudinal de Equações de Estimações Generalizadas, nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: O grupo controle apresentou maior perda urinária em comparação ao grupo intervenção em T1 (p = 0,006) e em T2 (p < 0,001). Ambos os grupos apresentaram melhora no nível de incontinência urinária ao longo do tempo, porém a melhora foi maior no grupo intervenção (p < 0,001). Conclusão A acupuntura associada ao treinamento muscular do assoalho pélvico foi efetiva para a redução da incontinência urinária em homens prostatectomizados. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos:RBR-3jm5y2


Subject(s)
Prostatectomy , Urinary Incontinence , Acupuncture , Clinical Nursing Research , Pelvic Floor Disorders , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412077

ABSTRACT

La prostatectomía radical (PR) es uno de los pilares en el manejo del cáncer próstata. Esta cirugía constituye un reto para el urólogo, quien debe encontrar un balance entre el riesgo de extensión extraprostática y el grado de preservación del tejido neural. A pesar del avance en técnicas quirúrgicas, la incontinencia urinaria y disfunción eréctil (DE) post-prostatectomía continúan impactando considerablemente la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Por lo anterior, un abordaje transdisciplinario desde el momento del diagnóstico es esencial para mejorar los desenlaces funcionales y oncológicos.


Radical prostatectomy (RP) is one of the mainstays in the management of prostate cancer. This surgery constitutes a challenge for the urologist, who must find a balance between the risk of extraprostatic extension and the degree of preservation of neural tissue. Despite advances in surgical techniques, post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction (ED) continue to significantly impact the quality of life of patients. Therefore, a transdisciplinary approach from the time of diagnosis is essential to improve functional and oncologic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatectomy , Erectile Dysfunction , Prostatic Neoplasms , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence , Post and Core Technique
17.
Femina ; 50(7): 391-396, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397868

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O estudo urodinâmico (EUD) é um conjunto de exames que estuda o armazenamento e o esvaziamento da urina e é amplamente utilizado por ginecologistas e urologistas na abordagem da incontinência urinária (IU) feminina, apesar da discussão sobre suas indicações. Os objetivos do estudo foram verificar se a urodinâmica é utilizada rotineiramente na abordagem conservadora e cirúrgica da IU feminina, e quais outras indicações clínicas, comparando as respostas entre ginecologistas e urologistas brasileiros. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa de opinião por meio de um questionário semiestruturado, composto por perguntas sobre a prática clínica em IU, enviado por e-mail a ginecologistas e urologistas, e realizada entre agosto de 2020 e janeiro de 2021. As respostas foram comparadas por meio de análises estatísticas. Resultados: Dos 329 participantes, 238 (72,3%) eram ginecologistas e 91 (27,7%), urologistas. A maioria dos ginecologistas (73,5%) e urologistas (86,6%) não solicita EUD antes do tratamento conservador da IU, mas o EUD é indicado rotineiramente no pré-operatório de cirurgias anti-incontinência. A maioria dos participantes indica EUD na abordagem inicial da bexiga hiperativa (88,2% vs. 96,7%) e há maior chance de o urologista solicitar mais EUD nessa situação (OR = 3,9). Para a maioria dos participantes, é necessário solicitar a urocultura antes do EUD. Conclusão: A maioria dos ginecologistas e urologistas brasileiros não solicita o EUD antes do tratamento conservador da IU, de acordo com as diretrizes nacionais e internacionais, e muitas vezes solicita antes do tratamento cirúrgico da IU feminina. A indicação desse exame na abordagem inicial da bexiga hiperativa idiopática deve ser revisada pelos participantes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urinary Incontinence/physiopathology , Urodynamics , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/physiopathology , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Urologists
18.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e3021, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1370502

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:levantar a ocorrência de sintomas urinários e intestinais em crianças da rede pública de ensino fundamental da capital paranaense. Método: estudo quantitativo, exploratório-descritivo e de corte transversal. Amostra de pais/responsáveis que preencheram os seguintes instrumentos: Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; critérios de Roma IV; escala de Bristol. Análise realizada pelo IBM SPSS Statistics v.20.0. Os dados foram coletados no período de agosto a outubro de 2019. Os critérios de inclusão eram a criança estar matriculada e frequentando regularmente o ensino fundamental e a entrega do questionário preenchido ou parcialmente preenchido. Resultados: Foram entregues 458 questionários. Dos totalmente preenchidos, 51,9% era de meninas, e a de idade foi de 7,7 anos; 83% das crianças apresentaram algum sintoma urinário e/ou intestinal de baixa gravidade. Sem diferença significativa de sintomas entre sexos, e com acréscimo significativo de gravidade em crianças com 7 anos ou menos. Sintomas mais prevalentes: frequência miccional reduzida, frequência evacuatória reduzida, esforço evacuatório, urgência miccional e manobras de contenção; 39,6% das crianças apresentavam Constipação Intestinal Funcional. Disfunção vesical e intestinal em 35 crianças, a maior prevalência no sexo feminino. Conclusão: alta ocorrência de sintomas urinários e intestinais nas crianças. O sintoma mais prevalente foi constipação.


Objective:survey the occurrence of urinary and intestinal symptoms in children from public elementary schools in the capital of Paraná. Method: quantitative, exploratory-descriptive and cross-sectional study. Sample of parents/guardians who completed the following instruments: Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; Rome IV criteria; Bristol scale. Analysis performed by IBM SPSS Statistics v.20.0. Data were collected from August to October 2019. Inclusion criteria were the child being enrolled and regularly attending elementary school and the delivery of the completed or partially completed questionnaire. Results: 458 questionnaires were delivered. Of those fully completed, 51.9% were girls, and the age was 7.7 years; 83% of the children had some urinary and/or intestinal symptoms of low severity. There was no significant difference in symptoms between genders, and with a significant increase in severity in children aged 7 years and under. Most prevalent symptoms: reduced voiding frequency, reduced defecation frequency, defecation effort, voiding urgency and containment maneuvers; 39.6% of the children had Functional Intestinal Constipation. Bladder and bowel dysfunction in 35 children, the highest prevalence in females. Conclusion: high occurrence of urinary and intestinal symptoms in children. The most prevalent symptom was constipation.


Objetivo:relevar la ocurrencia de síntomas urinarios e intestinales en niños de escuelas primarias públicas de la capital paranaense. Método: estudio cuantitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo y de corte transversal. Muestra de padres/responsables que completaron los siguientes instrumentos: Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System; criterios de Roma IV; escala de Bristol. Análisis realizado por el IBM SPSS Statistics v.20.0. Los datos fueron recopilados en el periodo de agosto a octubre de 2019. Los criterios de inclusión eran de niños matriculados y que frecuenten regularmente la escuela primaria y la entrega del cuestionario completo o parcialmente completo. Resultados: Se entregaron 458 cuestionarios. De los totalmente completos, 51,9 % era de niñas, y la de edad fue de 7,7 años; 83 % de los niños presentaron algún síntoma urinario y/o intestinal de baja gravedad. Sin diferencia significativa de síntomas entre sexos, y con incremento significativo de gravedad en niños de 7 años o menos. Síntomas más prevalentes: frecuencia miccional reducida, frecuencia evacuatoria reducida, esfuerzo evacuatorio, urgencia miccional y maniobras de contención; 39,6 % de los niños presentaban Constipación Intestinal Funcional. Disfunción vesical e intestinal en 35 niños, la mayor prevalencia en el sexo femenino. Conclusión: alta ocurrencia de síntomas urinarios e intestinales en niños. El síntoma más prevalente fue el estreñimiento.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Child Health , Constipation , Enterostomal Therapy
19.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e2621, jan.-dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1361946

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:analisar as tecnologias disponíveis na literatura utilizadas para a educação em saúde no cuidado às pessoas com incontinência urinária. Métodos: revisão integrativa, com buscas nas bases: Índice Bibliográfico Espanhol de Ciências da Saúde (IBECS), Base de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF) via Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online via Pubmed (MEDLINE/PubMed) da National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, Web of Science e Embase. A coleta foi realizada em fevereiro de 2021, tendo como principais descritores: Incontinência urinária, Tecnologia educacional e Educação em saúde. Resultados: foram selecionados 91 artigos, após a análise dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão restaram 5 produções que foram selecionadas, apresentando como estratégia as tecnologias: curso de multimídia, vídeos, aplicativo móvel e livro/livreto. Os artigos foram publicados entre 1997 e 2020. As dimensões consideradas foram: desenvolvimento de tecnologias em saúde para o tratamento da incontinência urinária e conhecimento, adesão e efeito do uso de tecnologias em saúde para o tratamento da incontinência urinária. Conclusão: as tecnologias utilizadas foram diversificadas, sendo a adesão e o efeito diretamente proporcionais, e depende de como o indivíduo compreende a incontinência urinária e o impacto que ela traz na vida de cada um.


Objective:analyze the technologies available in the literature used for health education in the care of people with urinary incontinence. Methods: integrative review, with database searches: Índice Bibliográfico Espanhol de Ciências da Saúde (IBECS), Base de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF) via Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online via Pubmed (MEDLINE/PubMed) from the National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, Web of Science and Embase. The collection was carried out in February 2021, with the main descriptors: Urinary Incontinence, Educational Technology and Health Education. Results: 91 articles were selected, after analyzing the inclusion and exclusion criteria, there were only 5 productions that were selected, presenting as a strategy the technologies: multimedia course, videos, mobile application and book/booklet. The articles were published between 1997 and 2020. The dimensions considered were: development of health technologies for the treatment of urinary incontinence and knowledge, adherence and the effect of using health technologies for the treatment of urinary incontinence. Conclusion: the technologies used were diversified, with the adherence and the effect being directly proportional, and it depends on how the individual understands urinary incontinence and the impact it brings on each person's life.


Objetivo:analizar las tecnologías disponibles en la literatura que se utilizan para la educación sanitaria en la atención a las personas con incontinencia urinaria. Métodos: revisión integradora, con búsquedas en las bases: Índice Bibliográfico Español de Ciencias de la Salud (IBECS), Base de Datos en Enfermería (BDENF) en la Biblioteca Virtual de la Salud (BVS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online vía Pubmed (MEDLINE/PubMed) de la National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, Web of Sciencey Embase. La recopilación se realizó en febrero de 2021, teniendo como principales descriptores: Incontinencia urinaria, Tecnología educativa y Educación sanitaria. Resultados: se seleccionaron 91 artículos, luego de analizar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión quedaron 5 producciones que fueron seleccionadas, presentando como estrategia las tecnologías: curso de multimedios, videos, aplicación móvil y libro/libreto. Los artículos fueron publicados entre 1997 y 2020. Las dimensiones consideradas fueron: desarrollo de tecnologías sanitarias para el tratamiento de la incontinencia urinaria y el conocimiento, adhesión y efecto del uso de tecnologías sanitarias para el tratamiento de la incontinencia urinaria. Conclusión: las tecnologías utilizadas fueron diversas, siendo la adhesión y el efecto directamente proporcionales, dependiendo de cómo el individuo comprende la incontinencia urinaria y el impacto que esta causa en la vida de cada uno.


Subject(s)
Technology , Urinary Incontinence , Health Education , Biomedical Technology , Population Education , Enterostomal Therapy
20.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e2221, jan.-dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353118

ABSTRACT

Objectives:apply the evaluation scale for the use of diapers and absorbent products (AUFA Scale) in patients admitted to the medical clinic; identify and analyze the results of this application, the sociodemographic profile of patients in vogue as well as repercussions on the skin related to the use of sanitary pads and diapers. Method: observational, cross-sectional, descriptive and exploratory study, carried out in the medical clinic sector of the University Hospital Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF/UFRJ), from November 2019 to February 2020, with a convenience sample of 46 patients. There was application of a form to survey general data and, later, the application of the AUFA scale, which identified the following variables: skin conditions, skin aging, cognitive ability, motor skills and incontinence. Results: all 46 patients were using diapers, half women and the other half men, mostly elderly and without a diagnosis of incontinence. In view of the application and analysis of the AUFA scale, only 18 patients (39.14%) were indicated for diaper use. With the inappropriate use of diapers, 27 patients had skin lesions resulting from moisture, a situation that was justified by the absence of systematic care observation for the prevention and treatment of dermatitis associated with incontinence in the evaluated patients. Conclusion:the use of the AUFA scale is indicated to identify patients who need to wear diapers, delimiting care with their management and thus preventing complications and worsening of incontinence.


Objetivos:aplicar a escala de avaliação do uso fraldas e absorventes (AUFA) nos pacientes internados na clínica médica; identificar e analisar os resultados dessa aplicação, o perfil sociodemográfico dos pacientes em vogo bem como repercussões à pele relacionadas ao uso de absorventes e fraldas. Método: estudo observacional transversal, descritivo e exploratório, realizado no setor de clínica médica do Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF/UFRJ), no período de novembro de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020, com amostra por conveniência de 46 pacientes. Ocorreu aplicação de ficha para levantamento de dados gerais e, após, a AUFA, que identificou as seguintes variáveis: condições da pele, envelhecimento da pele, capacidade cognitiva, capacidade motora e incontinências. Resultados: todos os 46 pacientes encontravam-se em uso de fralda, sendo metade mulheres e a outra metade homens, em grande maioria composta de idosos e sem diagnóstico de incontinência. Diante da aplicação e análise da AUFA, apenas 18 pacientes (39,14%) tinham indicação para uso de fraldas. Com o uso inadequado da fralda, 27 pacientes apresentaram lesão de pele decorrente de umidade, situação que se justificou pela ausência da observação de cuidados sistematizados para prevenção e tratamento de dermatite associada à incontinência nos pacientes avaliados. Conclusão: indica-se o uso da escala AUFA para identificar os pacientes que necessitam usar fralda, delimitando cuidados com seu manejo e prevenindo, assim, complicações e agravamentos da incontinência.


Objetivos:aplicar la escala de evaluación del uso pañales y toallas sanitarias (AUFA) en los pacientes internados en la clínica médica; identificar y analizar los resultados de esta aplicación, el perfil sociodemográfico de los pacientes en estudio, así como repercusiones para la piel relacionadas al uso de toallas sanitarias y pañales. Método: estudio observacional transversal, descriptivo y exploratorio, realizado en el sector de clínica médica del Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF/UFRJ), en el período de noviembre del 2019 a febrero del 2020, con muestra por conveniencia de 46 pacientes. Ocurrió la aplicación de ficha para el levantamiento de datos generales y, después, la AUFA, que identificó las siguientes variables: condiciones de la piel, envejecimiento de la piel, capacidad cognitiva, capacidad motora e incontinencias. Resultados: los 46 pacientes se encontraban en uso de pañal, siendo mitad mujeres y la otra mitad hombres, en gran mayoría compuesta por ancianos y sin diagnóstico de incontinencia. Ante la aplicación y análisis de la AUFA, solamente 18 pacientes (39,14%) tenían indicación para el uso de pañales. Con el uso inadecuado del pañal, 27 pacientes presentaron lesión de piel derivada de humedad, situación que se justificó por la ausencia de la observación de cuidados sistematizados para prevención y tratamiento de dermatitis asociada a la incontinencia en los pacientes evaluados. Conclusión: se indica el uso de la escala AUFA para identificar a los pacientes que necesitan usar pañal, delimitando cuidados con su manejo y previniendo, así, complicaciones y agravamientos de la incontinencia.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Nursing , Absorbent Pads , Disease Prevention , Enterostomal Therapy , Nursing Care
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