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1.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(2): 82-85, 20210000. fig, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1357889

ABSTRACT

El síndrome genitourinario de la menopausia se refiere a los signos y síntomas relacionados a la disminución estrogénica dando como resultado una atrofia vaginal, esto ocasiona un gran impacto negativo en las actividades cotidianas de las mujeres, existen varios tratamientos para aliviar y resolver los síntomas, siendo los más frecuentes la incontinencia urinaria por esfuerzo y resequedad vaginal. Dentro de los distintos tratamientos, el láser tiene como objetivo la restauración de la mucosa vaginal, estimulando los fibroblastos para obtener la neo colagenogenesis y vascularización, recuperando su funcionalidad y obteniendo mejoría de los síntomas junto con la calidad de vida de las pacientes


Genitourinary syndrome of menopause refers to a group of signs and symptoms related to the decreased estrogen and as a result, the vaginal atrophy, this has a great negative impact on the daily activities of women, there are several treatments to alleviate and resolve the symptoms, the most frequent being stress urinary incontinence and vaginal dryness. Among the different treatments, the laser aims to restore the aavaginal mucosa, stimulating fibroblasts to obtain neo-collagen oogenesis and revascularization, recovering their functionality and obtaining an improvement in symptoms along with the quality of life of patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Atrophy , Urogenital System , Menopause , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hormone Replacement Therapy/methods , Estrogens , Lasers, Gas/therapeutic use , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
3.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 25(1): 98-102, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279660

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. El propósito de este estudio fue explorar la duplicidad de la arteria renal en un espécimen de Cerdocyon thous, centrándose en las posibilidades de la implicación clínico-quirúrgica de esta variación anatómica. Materiales y Métodos. Fueron disecados 32 especímenes de Cerdocyon thous, obtenidos de las colecciones del Laboratorio de Enseñanza e Investigación en Morfología de los Animales Domésticos y Salvajes del Departamento de Anatomía Animal y Humana, de la Universidad Federal Rural del Rio de Janeiro y del Laboratorio de Anatomía Animal de la Universidad Federal del Pampa. Resultados. Fue observada una variación numérica en la arteria renal izquierda en un cadáver hembra adulto. El riñón izquierdo tenía dos arterias renales, una craneal y otra caudal. La primera arteria renal del riñón izquierdo, midiendo 2,25 cm de longitud, se ha originado lateralmente desde la aorta abdominal a nivel de la tercera vértebra lumbar. Además, emanaba dos ramas prehiliares, una dorsal y otra ventral, con la rama ventral suministrando también a la glándula suprarrenal. La segunda arteria renal también se ha originado lateralmente desde la aorta abdominal a nivel de la tercera vértebra lumbar, midiendo 2,36 cm de longitud. También ha emitido dos ramas prehiliares, una craneal y otra caudal, las cuales emitieron la rama uretral. Conclusiones. Las variaciones numéricas de las arterias renales deben ser consideradas en la ejecución de procedimientos quirúrgicos, radiológicos y experimentales, con los fines de evitar errores ocasionados por la falta de conocimiento de la posibilidad de estas variaciones tanto en animales domésticos como salvajes.


ABSTRACT Objective. The aim of this study was explored the duplicity of renal artery in a specimen of Cerdocyon thous, focusing on the possibilities of clinical-surgical implication of this anatomical variation. Materials and methods. Were dissected 32 specimens of Cerdocyon thous, obtained from the collections of the Laboratório de Ensino e Pesquisa em Morfologia dos Animais Domésticos e Selvagens do Departamento de Anatomia Animal e Humana, da Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro e Laboratório de Anatomia Animal da Universidade Federal do Pampa. Results. Were observed a numerical variation in the left renal artery in an adult female cadaver. The left kidney had two renal arteries, one cranial and another caudal. The first renal artery of the left kidney, measuring 2.25 cm in length, originated laterally from the abdominal aorta at the level of the third lumbar vertebra. Moreover, it emanated two pre-hilar branches, one dorsal and one ventral, with the ventral branch supplying also to the adrenal gland. The second renal artery also originated laterally from the abdominal aorta at the level of the third lumbar vertebra and measured 2.36 cm in length. It also emitted two pre-hilar branches, one cranial and another caudal, which emitted the ureteral branch. Conclusions. Numerical variations of the renal arteries should be considered in the execution of surgical, radiological and experimental procedures in order to avoid mistakes made due to lack of knowledge of the possibility these variations both in domestic and wild animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Renal Artery , Urogenital System
4.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 42: e50926, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378333

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasmaspp. and Ureaplasmaspp. belong tohumans'genitourinary microbiota and sometimesare associated with infections of the genitourinarytract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of Mycoplasmaspp. and Ureaplasmaspp. in genital specimens from patients of the 15thRegional de Saúde of ParanáState, Brazil, and to correlate the results with clinical and laboratory data.A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted,based on the analysis of results of vaginal, endocervical, urine andurethral culture for mycoplasmas from patients attended in areference laboratory, from January 2009 to December 2016. We evaluated 2,475 results of culture for mycoplasmas. A total of 50.8% patients were positive for mycoplasmas. Of these, 76.8%had positive culture exclusively for Ureaplasmaspp. and 4.7% for Mycoplasmahominis. Both microorganisms were isolated in the microbiology culture of 18.5% of patients. Among the positive culture, 81.4% had significant concentrations.Bacterialvaginosis was the most common alteration observed in association with mycoplasmas.Thehigh positivity of cultures for mycoplasmas, especially Ureaplasmaspp. found in our study, highlightthe presence of these microorganisms in many of the genital tract disorders that can be sexually transmitted and, consequently, should not be neglected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ureaplasma/pathogenicity , Mycoplasma hominis/pathogenicity , Reproductive Tract Infections/parasitology , Patients , Urogenital System/parasitology , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Vaginosis, Bacterial/parasitology , Mycoplasma Infections/parasitology
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1105-1112, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056339

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the treatment outcomes of a cohort of prostate cancer patients treated with conventional schedule using IMRT or 3DRT technique. Materials and Methods: Between 2010-2017, 485 men with localized prostate cancer were treated with conventional radiotherapy schedule with a total dose ≥74Gy using IMRT (231) or 3DCRT (254). Late gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) toxicity were retrospectively evaluated according to modified RTOG criteria. The biochemical control was defined by the Phoenix criteria (nadir + 2ng/mL). The comparison between the groups included biochemical recurrence free survival (bRFS), overall survival (OS) and late toxicity. Results: With a median follow-up of 51 months (IMRT=49 and 3DRT=51 months), the maximal late GU for >=grade- 2 during the entire period of follow-up was 13.1% in the IMRT and 15.4% in the 3DRT (p=0.85). The maximal late GI ≥ grade- 2 in the IMRT was 10% and in the 3DRT 24% (p=0.0001). The 5-year bRFS for all risk groups with IMRT and 3D-CRT was 87.5% vs. 87.2% (p=0.415). Considering the risk-groups no significant difference for low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups between IMRT (low-95.3%, intermediate-86.2% and high-73%) and 3D-CRT (low-96.4%, intermediate-88.2% and high-76.6%, p=0.448) was observed. No significant differences for OS and DMFS were observed comparing treatment groups. Conclusion: IMRT reduces significantly the risk of late GI severe complication compared with 3D-CRT using conventional fractionation with a total dose ≥74Gy without any differences for bRFS and OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal/methods , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/mortality , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Radiation Injuries , Radiotherapy Dosage , Time Factors , Urogenital System/radiation effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Disease-Free Survival , Radiotherapy, Conformal/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Tract/radiation effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/adverse effects , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Grading , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 84(1): 49-54, feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003722

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN OBJETIVO: Ureaplasma urealyticum es el agente más frecuentemente aislado en infección intraamniótica. Los macrólidos son los antimicrobianos de primera elección en embarazadas. Se ha descrito el aumento de resistencia, pudiendo limitar las opciones terapéuticas durante la gestación. El propósito del estudio es evaluar susceptibilidad antimicrobiana de Ureaplasma urealyticum aislado en mujeres en edad fértil, que se atienden en Clínica Alemana Temuco, Araucanía, Chile. METODO: Se estudian todas las muestras de orina y flujo vaginal para cultivo de U. urealyticum, de pacientes entre 18 y 40 años, recibidas en el Laboratorio de Microbiología Clínica Alemana Temuco, en período Abril 2013 a Enero 2015. Se procesan las muestras con kit Mycoplasma IST 2 de Biomerieux. En las que resultan positivas, se estudia susceptibilidad a macrólidos, tetraciclinas y quinolonas. RESULTADOS: 426 muestras de orina y flujo vaginal (390 pacientes). 197 pacientes resultaron positivas para U. urealyticum. (50,5%). La susceptibilidad fue 88,4% (174 pctes) a Eritromicina, 87,9% (173 pctes) a Claritromicina y 91,9% (181 pctes) a Azitromicina (NS). 15 de 197 pacientes (7,6%) fueron resistentes a los 3 macrólidos. La susceptibilidad a Quinolonas fue 55,3% a Ciprofloxacino, y 94% a Ofloxacino. El 100% resultó susceptible a Tetraciclinas. CONCLUSIONES: Cerca del 10% de U. urealyticum aislados en nuestra serie son resistentes a macrólidos, contribuyendo a la no erradicación de la infección en tratamientos empíricos. Dentro de ellos, azitromicina aparece con la mayor efectividad. El aumento de resistencia limitará opciones terapéuticas, con gran impacto perinatal en futuro. La vigilancia de susceptibilidad en cada hospital es fundamental para elección terapéutica.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Ureaplasma urealyticum is the most frequently isolated microorganism in intra-amniotic infection. The macrolides are the first choice antimicrobials for treat this infection in pregnancy. The increasing resistance has been described worldwide, seriously limiting therapeutic options in pregnancy. The aim of the study is to evaluate antimicrobial susceptibility of U. urealyticum aislated in fertile-age women in Clínica Alemana Temuco, Araucania region, Chile. METHOD: Urine and vaginal samples were analyzed for U. urealyticum, from every 18 to 40 years old patients, received at Microbiology Laboratory of Clínica Alemana Temuco, between April 2013 to January 2015. The samples are processed with Mycoplasma IST 2 kit of Biomerieux. If they became positives, susceptibility to macrolides, tetracyclines and quinolones was studied. RESULTS: 426 urine and vaginal samples were collected (390 patients). 197 patients were positive for U. urealyticum (50.5%). The susceptibility was 88.4% (174 pts) to Erythromicyn, 87.9% (173 pts) to Clarithromycin and 91.9% (181 pts) to Azithromycin (NS). Resistance to all macrolides was observed in 15 out of 197 patients (7.6%). The susceptibility to Quinolones was 55.3% to Ciprofloxacin, and 94% to Ofloxacin. The 100% was susceptible to Tetracyclines. DISCUSSION: Near to 10% of isolated Ureaplasma spp in our serie were resistant to some macrolide, being a factor for failing to eradicate the infection in empirical treatment. Azithromycin was the most effective. The increasing resistance will limit therapeutic options, with great perinatal impact in the future. Susceptibility surveillance in each hospital is very important for therapeutic options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ureaplasma urealyticum/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Tetracycline/pharmacology , Urine/microbiology , Urogenital System/microbiology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Erythromycin/pharmacology , Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolation & purification , Azithromycin/pharmacology , Quinolones/pharmacology , Macrolides/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial
7.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 28(1): 56-60, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402217

ABSTRACT

La tuberculosis es una enfermedad infectocontagiosa emergente con alta morbimortalidad a nivel mundial tanto en su forma pulmonar como extrapulmonar. De hecho, las formas extrapulmonares a pesar de manifestarse en menor porcentaje, permiten la diseminación de la infección a numerosos órganos blanco incluyendo, el sistema genitourinario. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 50 años de edad, que consulta por presentar masa dolorosa en testículo derecho de aproximadamente 1 mes de evolución, con salida de material purulento fétido y persistente en hemiescroto, sin respuesta al tratamiento antimicrobiano ambulatorio, acompañado de disnea e hipoventilación en campo pulmonar izquierdo, y antecedente de pérdida de peso y tos con expectoración color verde a café desde hace 6 meses. Es sometido a orquiectomía radical más escrotatectomía observándose por los estudios patológicos y histoquímicos del tejido, una inflamación crónica granulomatosa con necrosis caseosa central y positiva a la coloración de Ziehl Nielssen. Por los hallazgos de la patología más los clínicos e imagenológicos a nivel pulmonar, se hace diagnóstico de tuberculosis pulmonar con diseminación a testículo y escroto. El paciente es sometido a tratamiento antifímico con mejoría.


Tuberculosis is an emerging infectious contagious disease with high morbidity and mortality worldwide both in its pulmonary and extrapulmonary forms. In fact, extrapulmonary forms, despite manifesting themselves in lesser percentage, allow the dissemination of infection to numerous target organs including, the genitourinary system. We present the case of a 50-year-old male patient, who consults for painful mass in the right testicle of approximately 1 month of evolution, with a leakage of fetid and persistent purulent material in hemiescrotum, without response to outpatient antimicrobial treatment, accompanied by dyspnea and hypoventilation in the left lung field, and a history of weight loss and cough with expectoration from green to brown for 6 months. He underwent radical orchiectomy plus scro- toctenomy. Chronic and granulomatous inflammation with central caseous necrosis and positive to the coloration of Ziehl Nielssen were observed by pathological and histochemical tissue studies. For the findings of the pathology plus the clinical and imaging findings at the pulmonary level, a diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis with spread to the testicle and scrotum is made. The patient undergoes antifimic treatment with improvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis, Male Genital , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Orchiectomy , Scrotum , Testis , Urogenital System , Communicable Diseases , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777400

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#In recent years, () has emerged as the predominant cause of pyogenic liver abscess in Asia. - as the causative microorganism in other visceral organ abscesses-is less described. In this study, we seeked to describe the clinical characteristics of visceral organ abscesses in our institution and evaluated the prescription practices of physicians with regard to antibiotic therapy.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of patients with culture positive (blood or abscess aspirate) visceral organ abscesses from May 2014 to April 2016 requiring hospitalisation in Changi General Hospital was conducted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 140 adult patients with visceral organ abscesses were identified. The commonest site of involvement was the liver (77.9%), followed by genitourinary tract (20.7%). Diabetic patients were more likely to have liver abscesses, genitourinary abscesses, abscesses in 2 or more organs, genitourinary disease with abscess formation outside of the genitourinary tract, and endovascular infection. Patients with extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing , were more likely to have an obstructive lesion related to the site of the abscess. Overall mortality rate was 7.1%. Amongst survivors, the mean total duration of parenteral antimicrobial therapy was 2.5 weeks before switching to oral antimicrobial agents.@*CONCLUSION@#Genitourinary tract is the commonest extra-hepatic site for visceral organ abscess in infections. Parenteral to oral switch of antimicrobial agents appears to be a safe and effective treatment option.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Classification , Microbiology , Mortality , Therapeutics , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Liver , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Singapore , Epidemiology , Survival Analysis , Urogenital System , Pathology , Viscera , Pathology
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766573

ABSTRACT

Since menopause hormone therapy was first introduced, it has been widely used worldwide as the most effective treatment for vasomotor symptoms in menopausal women and for genitourinary syndrome of menopause. Menopause hormone therapy has been shown to prevent bone loss and fracture, but it may additionally offer various benefits for numerous other symptoms. The benefit-to-risk ratio of menopause hormone therapy is most favorable for women aged younger than 60 years or who are within 10 years of menopause onset and have no contraindications. Longer durations of therapy should be limited to patients with documented indications, such as persistent vasomotor symptoms or bone loss. For genitourinary syndrome of menopause, low-dose vaginal estrogen therapy or other therapies are recommended. Tibolone is a synthetic steroid that provides a therapeutic effect in the treatment of menopausal symptoms.


Subject(s)
Estrogens , Female , Humans , Menopause , Osteoporosis , Urogenital System , Vasomotor System
10.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 35(2): 71-78, sep.-dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954933

ABSTRACT

Resumen El sistema genitourinario presenta una serie de cambios micro y macroanatómicos desde el nacimiento, pasando por la pubertad, período reproductivo y por último con la menopausia, en la cual, se desarrolla un conjunto de síntomas sistémicos que incluyen los vasomotores, del sueño, cognitivos, del estado de ánimo y cambios sexuales, asociados a la presencia de disminución de la lubricación, estrechamiento y distensibilidad vaginal, atrofia vaginal, entre otros, que llevan a presentar una clínica de dispareunia, prurito, resequedad, además de síntomas urinarios. Su examinación conlleva la realización de una historia clínica, examen físico y ginecológico. Para confirmar los cambios se puede hacer una medición de pH y una citología para determinar un índice de maduración vaginal. Cuando estos síntomas se asocian a angustia y molestia se puede estar ante un caso de disfunción sexual, del cual se conocen factores de riesgo para su presencia como la edad como tal, problemas de pareja, estado de salud, autoestima, entre otros. Es por esto que a razón del tratamiento es importante hacer un abordaje interdisciplinario.


Abstract The genitourinary system presents a series of micro and macroanatomical changes from birth, through puberty, reproductive period and finally with menopause, in which a set of systemic symptoms are developed, including vasomotor, sleep, cognitive, mood and sexual changes, associated with the presence of decreased lubrication, narrowing and vaginal distensibility, vaginal atrophy, among others, leading to clinical symptoms of dyspareunia, pruritus, dryness, and urinary symptoms. Its examination involves the realization of a clinical history, physical and gynecological examination. To confirm the changes, a pH measurement can be made and a cytology to determine a vaginal maturation index. When these symptoms are associated with anguish and discomfort, there may be a case of sexual dysfunction, of which there are known risk factors for their presence such as age as such, couple problems, health status, self-esteem, among others. That is why, as to treatment, it is important to make an interdisciplinary approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Urogenital System/physiology , Aging , Menopause
11.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 7(1): 16-22, jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1095909

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de próstata representa un serio problema de salud pública. La biopsia prostática constituye la herramienta para determinar su existencia. Objetivo: evaluar la utilidad actual de la biopsia prostática ecoguiada por vía transrectal en el diagnóstico de cáncer de próstata. Métodos: Se revisaron las biopsias de próstata doble sextante realizadas ecoguiadas por vía transrectal en el Hospital Universitario de Caracas en un período de 6 años. Resultados: El número total de biopsias revisadas fue de 2105. El porcentaje de biopsias positivas para malignidad fue de 29,12 %; y la cantidad de lesiones premalignas fue de 9,21 %. El Puntaje de Gleason más frecuentemente diagnosticado fue Gleason 7 (4+3) con un 30,34 %. La correlación biopsia preoperatoria y pieza de prostatectomía fue de 48 %. Conclusiones: La biopsia de próstata ecoguiada doble sextante nos permite de una forma sencilla y eficaz el diagnóstico inicial de cáncer de próstata significativo(AU)


Prostate cancer represents a serious public health problem. Prostate biopsy is the tool to determine its existence. Objective: to evaluate the current utility of transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Methods: Sextant double-sided prostate biopsies performed transrectal ultrasound were examined at the Hospital Universitario of Caracas in a period of 6 years. Results: The total number of biopsies reviewed was 2105. The percentage of positive biopsies for malignancy was 29.12 %; and the number of premalignant lesions was 9.21 %. The most frequently diagnosed Gleason score was Gleason 7 (4 + 3) with 30.34 %. Preoperative biopsy and prostatectomy specimen correlation was 48 %. Conclusions: The double-sextant ecoguided prostate biopsy allows us, in a simple and effective way, the initial diagnosis of significant prostate cancer(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biopsy, Needle , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Urogenital System , Public Health
12.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 8(2): 236-246, 2018.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1281025

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: desvelar sentidos do homem ao desenvolver autocuidado após cirurgia mutiladora no sistema geniturinário e articular reflexões com a Teoria de Orem. Método: pesquisa de natureza qualitativa com abordagem fenomenológica fundada no pensamento e método de Martin Heidegger. Participaram 13 homens que realizaram procedimento cirúrgico mutilador da próstata, testículo ou pênis em um Hospital Universitário da Zona da Mata Mineira. Os depoimentos, acessados durante os meses de junho e agosto de 2016, foram analisados à luz dos conceitos propostos por Heidegger e da Teoria de Orem. Resultados: significaram a necessidade de se cuidar e tomaram para si a responsabilidade de cuidado consigo. Da análise compreensiva emergiu a Unidade de Significação: entender que é necessário ter cuidado durante o tratamento e fazer acompanhamento. Considerações finais: os homens adquirem uma rotina de autocuidado, após serem lançados na facticidade de enfrentar uma cirurgia mutiladora no sistema geniturinário.


Aim: to reveal the man's senses while developing self-care after mutilating surgery in genitourinary system and articulate thoughts with Orem'sTheory. Method: qualitative research, with phenomenological approach, based on the thought and method of Martin Heidegger. Thirteen men that performed surgical mutilating procedure of prostate, testicles or penis at a University Hospital of Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais participated in the study. The statements, accessed during June and August 2016, were analyzed in the light of the concepts proposed by Heidegger and Orem's Theory. Results: they realized the need to care for themselves and assumed the responsibility of self-care. From comprehensive analysis, the Meaning Unit emerged: to understand that care is necessary during treatment, as well as follow-up. Final thoughts: men acquire a selfcare routine, after facing the need for a mutilating surgery in the genitourinary system


Objetivo: revelar los sentidos del hombre al desarrollar el autocuidado, después de la mutilación de la cirugía en el sistema génito-urinario y articular reflexiones con la teoría de Orem. Método: investigación cualitativa con perspectiva fenomenológica fundamentada en el pensamiento y en el método de Martin Heidegger. Participaron 13 hombres que realizaron el procedimiento quirúrgico mutilador en próstata, testículos o pene en un Hospital Universitario de la Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais. Las declaraciones, recolectadas entre los meses de junio y agosto de 2016, fueron analizadas por medio de los conceptos propuestos por Heidegger y la teoría de Orem. Resultados: significaron la necesidad de cuidar de sí mismos y asumieron la responsabilidad del autocuidado. Del análisis de la comprensión se evidenció la Unidad de Significación: entender que es necesario tener cuidado durante el tratamiento y hacer acompañamiento. Consideraciones finales: los hombres adquieren una rutina de cuidado de sí mismos, después de la necesidad de una cirugía mutiladora del sistema genitourinario


Subject(s)
Humans , Philosophy, Nursing , Self Care , Urogenital System , Men's Health , Amputation
13.
Ultrasonography ; : 336-348, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731016

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound (US) is often used to guide various interventional procedures in the genitourinary (GU) tract because it can provide real-time imaging without any radiation hazard. Moreover, US can clearly visualize the pathway of an aspiration or biopsy needle to ensure the safety of the intervention. US guidance also helps clinicians to access lesions via the transabdominal, transhepatic, transvaginal, transrectal, and transperineal routes. Hence, US-guided procedures are useful for radiologists who wish to perform GU interventions. However, US-guided procedures and interventions are difficult for beginners because they involve a steep initial learning curve. The purpose of this review is to describe the basic principles and techniques of US-guided GU interventions.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Learning Curve , Needles , Radiology, Interventional , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Urogenital System
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate congenital malformations in infants conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART), compared with infants conceived spontaneously. METHODS: In this study, available resources searched to find relevant articles included PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane, ProQuest, Iranmedex, Magiran, and Scientific Information Database. After extracting the necessary information from evaluated articles, meta-analysis on the articles’ data was performed using Stata version 11.2. RESULTS: In this study, from a total of 339 articles, extracted from the initial investigation, ultimately 30 articles were selected for meta-analysis that assessed the use of ART on the risk of congenital abnormalities and some birth complications on 5 470 181 infants (315 402 cases and 5 154 779 controls). The odds ratio (95% confidence interval [CI]) for low birth weight was 1.89 (95% CI, 1.36 to 2.62), preterm labor 1.79 (95% CI, 1.21 to 2.63), cardiac abnormalities 1.43 (95% CI, 1.27 to 1.62), central nervous system abnormalities 1.36 (95% CI, 1.10 to 1.70), urogenital system abnormalities 1.58 (95% CI, 1.28 to 1.94), musculoskeletal disorders 1.35 (95% CI, 1.12 to 1.64), and chromosomal abnormalities in infants conceived by ART was 1.14 (95% CI, 0.90 to 1.44), which were all statistically significant, except chromosomal abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of congenital abnormalities and some birth complications were significantly higher in ART than normal conception, while chromosomal abnormalities were not; therefore, the application of ART should be selected individually for patients by detailed assessment to reduce such risks in the population.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System , Chromosome Aberrations , Congenital Abnormalities , Female , Fertilization , Humans , Infant , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Mothers , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Odds Ratio , Parturition , Pregnancy , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Urogenital System
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169857

ABSTRACT

The average life expectancy in Korea is increasing with new medical technology and complete understanding of pathophysiology of diseases in human. Physician should provide good and appropriate treatment to patients and also are responsible for offering medical services. Also, needs to improve the quality of life and death for patients with end-of-life have been increased. Urologists are interested in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the urogenital system disease but are not interested in the end of terminal cancer patients. Cancer is the most common cause of mortality rate in Korea. Cancer affects individuals, families, and society. Hospice and palliative care is a kind of portion of medicine to take care patients with far-advanced diseases and short-life expectancy, especially less than 6 months, for whom the focus of care is relief of suffering physical problems, social problems, and mental problems, and improvement of the quality of life. It takes a lot of efforts to finish the end-of life in patient. Physician alone can hardly provide all parts of end-of-life cares and cares can be provided through hospice care team including physician, social worker, volunteer, and priest. Hospice and palliative care still take a care for only a small group for dying patients. There have been few data for hospice and palliative care in urology. This review is to summary the concept of hospice for end-of life care and to help understanding hospice and the laws related to hospice to urologists who take care of patient with urogenital tract cancer.


Subject(s)
Clergy , Diagnosis , Hospice Care , Hospices , Humans , Jurisprudence , Korea , Life Expectancy , Mortality , Palliative Care , Quality of Life , Social Problems , Social Work , Social Workers , Urogenital System , Urology , Volunteers
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 276-279, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812772

ABSTRACT

The genitofemoral nerve (GFN) has its unique anatomic characteristics of location, run and function in the male urinary system and its relationship with the ureter, deferens and inguinal region is apt to be ignored in clinical anatomic application. Clinical studies show that GFN is closely correlated with postoperative ureteral complications and pain in the inguinal region after spermatic cord or hernia repair. GFN transplantation can be used in the management of erectile dysfunction caused by cavernous nerve injury. Therefore, GFN played an important role in the clinical application of uroandrology. This review summarizes the advances in the studies of GFN in relation to different diseases in uroandrology.


Subject(s)
Erectile Dysfunction , General Surgery , Hernia, Inguinal , General Surgery , Humans , Inguinal Canal , Lumbosacral Plexus , Wounds and Injuries , Male , Pain, Postoperative , Peripheral Nerves , Transplantation , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Ureter , General Surgery , Urogenital System , Vas Deferens
17.
Anaesthesia, Pain and Intensive Care. 2017; 21 (2): 204-211
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189148

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Caudal epidural block is one of the most popular, reliable, and safe techniques in pediatric patients that can provide analgesia for a variety of supra- and infra-umblical surgical procedures. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of dexmedetomidine-bupivacaine, fentanyl-bupivacaine mixture and bupivacaine alone on duration of postoperative analgesia, sedation, emergence agitation, duration of sensory and motor block, hemodynamic stability and side effects


Methodology: After approval from ethical committee 90 pediatric patients of age 2-7 y were enrolled. The children were randomly allocated to three equal groups of 30 each using a computer generated randomization list. Caudal block was given after induction of general anesthesia for urogenital surgery. General anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane at a concentration adjusted to maintain BIS between 40-60. Hemodynamic parameters, Pediatric Anaesthesia Emergence Delirium [PAED] score, Richmond agitation sedation scale [RASS], and Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale [CHEOPS] were recorded immediate postoperatively and then regularly every hour for the next 12 hours


Results: PAED score was less in group BD than group B and BF from baseline. RASS Score was less in Group BD than Group BF from base line to 12 h except at 240 min and Group BF is less than Group B from base line to 12 h. Group BD was less than B from base line to 12 h. CHEOP score was less in Group BD than Group BF and Group B from base line to 12 h


Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine [1 micro g/kg] added to bupivacaine in caudal block increases the duration of postoperative analgesia, provides arousable sedation, and decreases emergence delirium with stable hemodynamics and minimal side effects in pediatric patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Fentanyl , Bupivacaine , Anesthesia, Caudal , Pediatrics , Urogenital System/surgery , Analgesia , Emergence Delirium , Hemodynamics , Prospective Studies , Double-Blind Method
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(5): 363-372, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787584

ABSTRACT

The distribution of cells involved in the immune response in accessory sex glands of rams experimentally infected with Actinobacillus seminis was studied. Twelve one-year old rams were experimentally infected by intraurethral (IU) (n=4) and intraepididymal (IE) (n=4) route, and four control (CON) animals were used. The animals were slaughtered 35 days post-inoculation, samples were taken from accessory sex glands, and bacteriology and histopathology tests were performed. The presence of CD4, CD8 and TCRγδ (WC1) lymphocytes, CD45RO cells, macrophages (CD14), dendritic cells (CD1b), IgA-, IgG- and IgM-containing cells (IgCC) was determined. Animals of the IE group developed clinical epididymitis. No lesions were seen in rams of the IU group; two of the intraepididymal inoculated CON developed small lesions in the epididymis. A. seminis isolates were achieved from 6:16 (37.5%) accessory sex glands in the IE group, but not in the IU and CON groups. In the CON group, IgA- and IgM- containing cells predominated in the bulbourethral glands and the disseminated prostate, and they were scarce or null in the vesicles and ampullae. A significant increase of IgA-, IgG- and IgM- containing cells was confirmed in the seminal vesicles, the ampullae and the bulbourethral glands in the IE group. In the IE and IU groups, an increase in CD4, CD8, WC1, CD45RO and CD14 was evidenced in the vesicles and ampullae. CD1b dendritic cells were present in the ampullae and vesicles with inflammatory processes. A. seminis triggered a local immune response in the IE and IU groups. These results indicate a different pattern of infiltrating immune cells in the accessory sex glands of infected A. seminis rams.


A distribuição das células envolvidas na resposta imune em glândulas sexuais acessórias de carneiros experimentalmente infectados com Actinobacillus seminis foi estudada. Doze carneiros de um ano de idade foram experimentalmente infectados via intrauretral (IU) (n=4) e via intraepididimal (IE) (n=4) e quatro animais controles (CON) foram utilizados. Os animais foram abatidos 35 dias após a inoculação, amostras foram retiradas das glândulas sexuais acessórias e testes bacteriológicos e histopatológicos foram realizados. A presença de linfócitos CD4, CD8 e TCRγδ (WC1), células CD45RO, macrófagos (CD14), células dendríticas (CD1b) e células contendo IgA, IgG and IgM (IgCC) foi determinada. Os animais do grupo IE desenvolveram epididimite clínica. Não foram visualizadas lesões nos carneiros do grupo IU, dois dos CON inoculados intraepididimalmente desenvolveram pequenas lesões no epidídimo. Isolados de A. seminis foram obtidos de 6:16 (37,5%) nas glândulas sexuais acessórias no grupo IE mas não nos grupos IU e CON. No grupo CON células contendo IgA and IgM predominaram nas glândulas bulbouretrais e na próstata e foram escassas ou ausentes nas vesículas e na ampola. Um incremento significativo de células contendo IgA, IgG and IgM foi confirmado nas vesículas seminais, na ampola e nas glândulas bulbouretrais no grupo IE. Nos grupos IE e IU foi evidenciado um aumento em CD4, CD8, WC1, CD45RO e CD14 nas vesículas e ampola. As células dendríticas CD1b estavam presentes na ampola e nas vesículas com processo inflamatório. A. seminis induziu uma resposta imune local nos grupos IE e IU. Estes resultados indicam um padrão diferente de células imunes infiltrantes nas glândulas sexuais acessórias de carneiros infectados por A. seminis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibody-Producing Cells , Actinobacillus seminis/pathogenicity , Seminal Vesicles/immunology , Lymphocytes , Macrophages , Sheep/immunology , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/veterinary , Urogenital System/physiopathology
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107705

ABSTRACT

Leonardo da Vinci is remembered as the greatest genius of the Renaissance. He left outstanding achievements as an artist, scientist and inventor, and contributes up to today's science. He ranks the best in a variety of fields, such as botany, mathematics, geology, astronomy, geometry and optics. It has well known that Leonardo is an artist, scientist, inventor and philosopher. And he was a great anatomist that dissected dead bodies and animals directly and left many anatomical drawings. He took an interest in anatomy from the point of view of the artist, which is why the human body structure and function to know the sakes were "ignorant of the anatomy should not be upset." Over time, he became interested in the structure and function of the body, even get the human body in a difficult environment; he dissected many the human bodies directly. His scientific inquiry and infatuation made him as an advanced pioneer for more than 100 years, and got enough level to surpass the artistry. Leonardo left about 1,800 anatomical figures of the muscular, skeletal, vascular, nervous and urogenital system, and they are also very scientific and high artistic achievements. The aim of this article is to take a look at Leonardo da Vinci's anatomical achievements and thoughts. In addition, the goal is to knowledge today's anatomists about Leonardo da Vinci's astonishing achievements as a great pioneer in anatomy.


Subject(s)
Anatomists , Animals , Astronomy , Botany , Geology , Human Body , Humans , Inventors , Mathematics , Urogenital System
20.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 79(2): 100-106, jun. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757153

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de un niño de 14 años que hizo una consulta de control por un encondroma en el fémur izquierdo. La resonancia magnética (RM) de caderas reveló, accidentalmente, un quiste gigante de la vesícula seminal derecha. Si bien se indicó una urografía por RM, esta fue suspendida por un cuadro de claustrofobia del paciente y se realizó una tomografía computada abdómino-pélvica con y sin contraste endovenoso. La patología de las vesículas seminales (VS) puede clasificarse en congénita o adquirida. El primer tipo tiene baja prevalencia (siendo el quiste y la agenesia los más comunes en la práctica diaria) y puede coexistir, a menudo, con anomalías ipsilaterales del tracto urinario superior y genital, debido a la estrecha relación en los hombres de los sistemas reproductor y urinario durante la embriogénesis. También se ha descrito su vinculación con anomalías óseas y vasculares. La escasa frecuencia de presentación y el amplio espectro de potenciales hallazgos asociados suelen dificultar el diagnóstico. Lo habitual es iniciar la evaluación con una ecografía abdominal o transrectal, según la edad y tolerancia del paciente, y continuar con una RM, aunque para confirmar los hallazgos pueden ser necesarios otros procedimientos, como la vesículo-deferentografía (VDG). Esta fue tradicionalmente el método de referencia para el diagnóstico, pero en la actualidad se aplica en casos seleccionados. El tratamiento de las malformaciones está restringido a pacientes sintomáticos y usualmente consiste en una vesiculectomía, con o sin extirpación del riñón displásico o hipoplásico


The case is presented of a 14 year-old boy with a previous diagnosis of left femur enchondroma. The pelvic and hip magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) unexpectedly revealed a right giant seminal vesicle cyst. He was evaluated by performing abdominal-pelvic computed tomography, with and without intravenous contrast. The pathology of the seminal vesicles (SV) can be classified as congenital and acquired. The first type has low prevalence (cyst and agenesis being the most frequently encountered in daily practice) and often co-exists with ipsilateral abnormalities in the upper urinary tract and genital organs, due to the close relationship of the male reproductive and urinary systems during embryogenesis. The association with bone and vascular anomalies has also been described. Abdominal and trans-rectal ultrasound, followed by abdominal and pelvic MRI, are the most accurate methods for preoperative diagnosis. Vesiculo-de/erentography (traditionally the gold standard test for diagnosis) is only applied in selected cases. The treatment, vesiculectomy, with or without removal of dysplastic or hypoplastic kidney, is restricted to symptomatic patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Seminal Vesicles , Congenital Abnormalities , Urogenital System , Tomography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Urography
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