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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 48-51, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553297

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O manejo dos pacientes vítimas de PAF possui vertentes divergentes a respeito do tratamento cirúrgico, que pode ser realizado de forma imedata ou tardia. Em lesões auto-infligidas, a distância entre a arma e a região acometida é menor, causando consequências estéticas e funcionais mais devastadoras. Aliado ao fato desse tipo de trauma criar uma ferida suja devido à comunicação com a cavidade oral e seios paranasais, o manejo das lesões representam um desafio mesmo à cirurgiões experientes. OBJETIVO: Estre trabalho relata o manejo cirúrgico de uma ferida auto-infligida por arma de fogo que resultou em avulsão dos tecidos moles na região maxilofacial. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo masculino, 35 anos, vítima de projétil de arma de fogo auto-infligido em região maxilofacial, cursando com extenso ferimento em região de língua e mento. Clinicamente, o paciente não apresentava sinais de fratura em ossos da face. Ambos os ferimentos apresentavam secreção purulenta e o paciente manifestava disfonia devido a grande destruição tecidual. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: O tratamento de ferimentos por arma de fogo não só é um grande desafio para o cirurgião, como para toda a equipe multidisciplinar requerida para tais casos, visto que não há protocolos bem definidos para o tratamento dessas lesões(AU)


INTRODUCTION: The management of patients who are victims of FAP has divergent aspects regarding surgical treatment, which can be performed immediately or late. In self-inflicted injuries, the distance between the weapon and the affected region is smaller, causing more devastating aesthetic and functional consequences. Allied to the fact that this type of trauma creates a dirty wound due to the communication with the oral cavity and paranasal sinuses, the management of injuries represents a challenge even for experienced surgeons. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the surgical management of a self-inflicted gunshot wound that resulted in soft tissue avulsion in the maxillofacial region. CASE DESCRIPTION: Male patient, 35 years old, victim of a self-inflicted firearm projectile in the maxillofacial region, coursing with extensive injury in the region of the tongue and chin. Clinically, the patient did not show signs of facial bone fractures. Both wounds had purulent secretion and the patient had dysphonia due to extensive tissue destruction. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The treatment of gunshot wounds is not only a great challenge for the surgeon, but also for the entire multidisciplinary team required for such cases, since there are no well-defined protocols for the treatment of these injuries(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tongue/injuries , Wound Infection , Wounds, Gunshot , Palate, Hard/injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Penetrating , Palate, Hard , Ecchymosis , Edema , Maxillofacial Injuries
2.
Estima (Online) ; 22: e1437, JAN - DEZ 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556072

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever fatores identificados pelos enfermeiros como desafios e potências no cuidado de enfermagem à pessoa com ferida na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: estudo exploratório, descritivo, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado de setembro a novembro de 2022, no Distrito Sanitário Centro de Florianópolis. Utilizou-se para a coleta de dados um questionário on-line, cujos resultados foram analisados com base na análise temática do conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: o estudo contou com a participação de 29 enfermeiros, dos quais28 (97%) relataram enfrentar desafios, assim como identificaram potências no cotidiano de cuidado à pessoa com ferida. Com base na análise dos dados, emergiram três categorias: "Categoria 1 ­ Desafios e potências relacionadas ao processo de trabalho do enfermeiro"; "Categoria 2 ­ Desafios e potências relacionadas à pessoa com ferida"; e "Categoria 3 ­ Desafios e potências relacionados à infraestrutura e recursos tecnológicos e materiais disponíveis". Conclusão: Os fatores destacados pelos enfermeiros como potências e desafios estão relacionados ao trabalho do enfermeiro, ao indivíduo com ferida e à infraestrutura e recursos tecnológicos e materiais disponíveis. Conhecer esses fatores pode suscitar a implementação de ferramentas para superação dos desafios e promoção das potências, visando fomentar a qualidade dessa prática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Primary Health Care , Nursing Care
3.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 16(1): 8-15, Abril/2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1555242

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), em determinado município do interior de Minas Gerais, bem como os gastos financeiros e o repasse financeiro para os centros de atendimento de traumas. Material e métodos: Trata-se de um estudo ecológico, descritivo, realizado a partir da coleta de dados pelo SIH-SUS, no período de janeiro de 2011 a dezembro de 2021, em um município do interior de Minas Gerais. Resultados: Foi identificado um total de 14.138 pacientes, com maior acometimento de pessoas do sexo masculino, com idade entre 15 e 44 anos. Como causas mais frequentes, destacaram-se os traumatismos de quadril e coxa, seguidos de traumatismos de membros superiores (ombro, antebraço, braço, punho e mão) e cabeça. Como tempo médio de permanência hospitalar, houve 4.693 diárias entre 2011 e 2021 secundárias a complicações em enfermarias e unidade de terapia intensiva, elevando cerca de 2,37% os valores repassados pelo SUS no período estudado. Em resumo, a análise da incidência de traumas nas emergências de um município do interior de Minas Gerais revela uma preocupante tendência em que homens na faixa etária de 15 a 44 anos emergem como as principais vítimas. Esse padrão pode ser influenciado por fatores como ocupação, comportamentos de risco e mobilidade. Conclusão: A compreensão dessa demografia específica é crucial para direcionar estratégias de prevenção e resposta adequadas. A implementação de medidas educativas, segurança no trânsito e promoção da saúde mental pode contribuir para mitigar os impactos dos traumas nesse grupo demográfico, melhorando sua qualidade de vida e a saúde geral da comunidade.


Objective: To determine the epidemiological profile of patients assisted by the unified health system, in a certain municipality in the interior of Minas Gerais, as well as the financial expenses and the financial transfer to trauma care centers. Material and methods: This is an ecological, descriptive study, carried out from data collection by SIH-SUS, from January 2011 to December 2021 in a municipality in the interior of Minas Gerais. Results: a total of 14,138 patients were identified, with greater involvement of male people aged between 15 and 44 years. As the most frequent causes, trauma to the hip and thigh stood out, followed by trauma to the upper limbs (shoulder, forearm, arm, wrist and hand) and head. As for the average length of hospital stay, there were 4,693 daily stays between 2011 and 2021 secondary to complications in wards and the intensive care unit. Increasing about 2.37% in the values transferred by the unified health system between the studied decade. In summary, the analysis of the incidence of trauma in emergencies in a municipality in the interior of Minas Gerais reveals a worrying trend in which men aged 15 to 44 years emerge as the main victims. This pattern can be influenced by factors such as occupation, risky behavior and mobility. Conclusion: Understanding this specific demographic is crucial to targeting appropriate prevention and response strategies. The implementation of educational measures, road safety and mental health promotion can help to mitigate the impacts of trauma in this demographic group, improving their quality of life and the general health of the community.


Subject(s)
Wounds and Injuries , Unified Health System , Hip Injuries , Public Expenditures , Craniocerebral Trauma
4.
J. nurs. health ; 14(1): 1425559, abr.2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1554250

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar os fatores de risco para a interrupção do aleitamento materno exclusivo antes de um mês de vida. Método:estudo de coorte prospectivo com 358 binômios assistidos em cinco maternidades, entre julho e novembro de 2020. Foram realizadas entrevistasutilizando questionário estruturado e escalas validadas. Foi realizado teste de qui-quadrado e análise de Poison. Resultados: aos 30 dias de vida, 1/3 dos bebês não se encontravam em aleitamento exclusivo e 1/4 das puérperas apontaram como causaa dor/lesão. Seis variáveis aumentaram o risco para interrupção: renda abaixo de cincosalários, falta de orientação no pré-natal, inexperiência com amamentação anterior, desmame anterior antes de um mês, baixa autoeficácia e dor com intensidade moderada/forte. Conclusão: estes fatores podem tornar-se indicadores de vulnerabilidades na amamentação. A autoeficácia, presença de dor e a falta de orientações são fatores modificáveis pouco abordados sistematicamente no ensino, na prática e na educação no Brasil.


Objective:to investigate the risk factors for stopping exclusive breastfeeding before one month of life. Method: prospective cohort study with 358 binomials cared for in five maternity hospitals, between July and November 2020. Interviews were carried out using a structured questionnaire and validated scales. Chi-square test and Poison analysis were performed. Results: at 30 days of life, 1/3 of the babies were not exclusively breastfed and 1/4 of the postpartum women reported pain/injury as the cause. Sixvariables increased the risk for interruption: income below fivewages, lack of prenatal guidance, inexperience with previous breastfeeding, previous weaning before one month, low self-efficacy and pain of moderate/severe intensity. Conclusion:these factors can become indicators of vulnerabilities in breastfeeding. Self-efficacy, presence of pain and lack of guidance are modifiable factors that are rarely addressed systematically in teaching, practice and education in Brazil.


Objetivo:investigar los factores de riesgo para suspender la lactancia materna exclusiva antes del mes de vida. Método:estudio de cohorte prospectivo con 358 binomios atendidos entre julio y noviembre de 2020. Las entrevistas se realizaron mediante cuestionario estructurado y escalas validadas. Realizadas pruebas de chi-cuadrado y análisis de Poison. Resultados:a los 30 días de vida, 1/3 de los bebés no eran amamantados exclusivamente y 1/4 de las puérperas refirieron dolor/lesión como causa. Seis variables aumentaron el riesgo de interrupción: ingresos inferiores a cinco salarios, falta de orientación prenatal,inexperiencia con la lactancia materna previa, destete previo antes del mes, baja autoeficacia y dolor de intensidad moderada/severa. Conclusión:estos factores pueden convertirse en indicadores de vulnerabilidades en lactancia. La autoeficacia, la presencia de dolor y la falta de orientación son factores modificables que rara vez se abordan sistemáticamente en la enseñanza, la práctica y la educación en Brasil.


Subject(s)
Weaning , Pain , Wounds and Injuries , Breast Feeding , Self Efficacy
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 35109, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553447

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos são tradicionalmente utilizados na cicatrização de diversos tipos de feridas. Muitas plantas contêm compostos bioativos com propriedades anti-inflamatórias, antimicrobianas e cicatrizantes. Objetivo: Reunir evidências clínicas do uso de plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos na cicatrização de feridas cutâneas. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Os estudos foram coletados das bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed e LILACS, utilizando como estratégia de busca os termos ((WoundHealing) ou (Inflammation)) e ((MedicinalPlants) ou (Phytotherapy)) com recorte temporal de 2011 a 2021. Resultados: 15 estudos foram incluídos na revisão. A maioria dos estudos foram do tipo ensaio clínico controlado randomizado. Foi investigada a eficácia de 15 espécies medicinais para o tratamento de feridas agudas e crônicas, sendo as mais recorrentes queimaduras de segundo grau, úlceras crônicas e feridas cirúrgicas. As espécies medicinais que apresentaram melhores resultados foram babosa (Aloevera), centela (Centellaasiatica),beldroega (Portulacaoleraceae), Arnebia euchroma, hipérico (Hypericum perforatum) emil-folhas (Achilleamillefolium), melhorando critérios como eritema, edema, tempodere-epitelização, tempo de cicatrização e a aparência geral da ferida. Conclusões: Plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos apresentam eficácia no processo de cicatrização, sendo, portanto, alternativa terapêutica para o tratamento de feridas cutâneas (AU).


Introduction: Medicinal plants and herbal medicines are traditionally used to heal various types of wounds. Many plants contain bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and wound-healing properties. Objective: Gathering clinical evidence on the use of medicinal plants and herbal medicine in the healing of skin wounds. Methodology:Thisisan integrative review of the literature. The studies were collected from the MEDLINE/PubMed and LILACS data bases, using the terms ((WoundHealing) or (Inflammation)) and ((MedicinalPlants) or (Phytotherapy)) as a search strategy, from 2011 to 2021. Results: Fifteen studies were included in the review. Most of them were of the randomized controlled clinical trial type. The effectiveness of 15 medicinal species was investigated for the treatment of acute and chronic wounds, the most common of which were second-degree burns, chronic ulcers,and surgical wounds. The species with the best results were Aloe vera, Centella asiatica, Portulaca oleraceae, Arnebia euchroma, Hypericum perforatum, and Achillea millefolium, improving criteria such as erythema, edema, re-epithelialization time, healing time, and the general appearance of the wound. Conclusions: Medicinalplants and herbal medicine are effective in the healing process, therefore being a therapeutic alternative for treating skin wounds (AU).


Introducción: Las plantas medicinales y las medicinas a base de hierbas se utilizan tradicionalmente para curar diversos tipos de heridas. Muchas plantas contienen compuestos bioactivos con propiedades antiinflamatorias, antimicrobianas y cicatrizantes. Objetivo: Recopilar evidencia clínica sobre el uso de plantas medicinales y medicinas a base de hierbas en la curación de heridas cutáneas. Metodología: Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura. Los estudios fueron obtenidos de las bases de datos MEDLINE/PubMed y LILACS, utilizando como estrategia de búsqueda los términos ((WoundHealing) o (Inflammation)) y ((MedicinalPlants) o (Phytotherapy)) con un marco temporal de 2011 a 2021. Resultados: Se incluyeron 15 estudios en la revisión. La mayoría de los estudios fueron del tipo ensayo clínico controlado aleatorio. Se investigó la eficacia de 15 especies medicinales para el tratamiento de heridas agudas y crónicas, las más comunes fueron quemaduras de segundo grado, úlceras crónicas y heridas quirúrgicas. Las especies medicinales con mejoresr esultados fueron Aloe vera, Centella asiatica, Portulaca oleraceae, Arnebia euchroma, Hypericum perforatum y Achillea millefolium, mejorando criterios como eritema, edema, tiempo de reepitelización, tiempo de cicatrización y aspecto general de la herida. Conclusiones: Plantas medicinales y medicinas a base de hierbas son efectivas en el proceso de cicatrización, siendo portanto un aalternativa terapéutica para el tratamiento de heridas en la piel (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Wound Healing , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Wounds and Injuries , Evidence-Based Practice , Phytotherapy
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 498-502, 2024-04-24. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554190

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La perforación del recto por trauma cerrado es poco frecuente y se asocia a fracturas pélvicas. En pacientes con perforaciones de recto no traumáticas se ha reportado fascitis necrosante en miembros inferiores, en la mayoría de los casos asociada a alta mortalidad. Caso clínico. Hombre de 36 años con trauma cerrado abdomino-pélvico y perforación de recto inferior, quien recibió manejo quirúrgico mediante derivación intestinal y fijación pélvica. Evolucionó con hematoma escrotal sobreinfectado, inestabilidad hemodinámica, signos de fascitis necrosante y choque séptico 4 días posterior a su ingreso. Resultados. Se tomó muestra para cultivo del hematoma escrotal que reportó E. coli. La patología del desbridamiento escrotal informó necrosis de coagulación en toda la muestra. Conclusión. El tacto rectal debe realizarse siempre ante la presencia de enfisema subcutáneo al examen físico o en la tomografía, para un diagnóstico temprano y manejo quirúrgico multidisciplinario oportuno, según el caso. La presencia de enfisema subcutáneo debe aumentar la sospecha de perforación de recto. Hay pocos reportes de fascitis secundaria a perforación de recto por trauma cerrado, por lo que no se conoce con precisión la mortalidad asociada.


Introduction. Rectal perforation due to blunt trauma is rare and associated with pelvic fractures. Signs of necrotizing fasciitis in lower limbs have been reported in non-traumatic rectal perforations, in most cases associated with high mortality. Case report. A 36-year-old man presents blunt abdomino-pelvic trauma and perforation of the lower rectum. Surgical management by intestinal diversion and pelvic fixation is performed. 4 days after admission, evolves with over-infected scrotal hematoma, hemodynamic instability, signs of necrotizing fasciitis and septic shock. Results. A sample for culture was taken from a scrotal hematoma that reported E. coli. Pathology of scrotal debridement reported coagulation necrosis in the entire specimen. Discussion. Digital rectal examination should always be performed in the presence of subcutaneous emphysema on physical examination or CT scan for early and multidisciplinary diagnosis and surgical management as appropriate. Conclusion. The presence of subcutaneous emphysema should raise the suspicion of rectal perforation. There are few reports of rectal perforation due to blunt trauma and fasciitis, so the associated mortality is not precisely known.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rectum , Fournier Gangrene , Fasciitis , Wounds and Injuries , Intestinal Perforation
7.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 35(1): 33-36, mar. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551665

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El traumatismo anorrectal es una causa poco frecuente de consulta al servicio de emergencias, con una incidencia del 1 al 3%. A menudo está asociado a lesiones potencialmente mortales, por esta razón, es fundamental conocer los principios de diagnóstico y tratamiento, así como los protocolos de atención inicial de los pacientes politraumatizados. Método: Reportamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 47 años con trauma anorrectal contuso con compromiso del esfínter anal interno y externo, tratado con reparación primaria del complejo esfinteriano con técnica de overlapping, rafia de la mucosa, submucosa y muscular del recto. A los 12 meses presenta buena evolución sin incontinencia anal. Conclusión: El tratamiento del trauma rectal, basado en el dogma de las 4 D (desbridamiento, derivación fecal, drenaje presacro, lavado distal) fue exitoso. La técnica de overlapping para la lesión esfinteriana fue simple y efectiva para la reconstrucción anatómica y funcional. (AU)


Introduction: Anorectal trauma is a rare cause of consultation to the Emergency Department, with an incidence of 1 to 3%. It is often associated with life-threatening injuries, so it is essential to know the principles of diagnosis and treatment, as well as the initial care protocols for the polytrau-matized patient. Methods: We present the case of a 47-year-old man with a blunt anorectal trauma involving the internal and external anal sphincter, treated with primary overlapping repair of the sphincter complex and suturing of the rectal wall. At 12 months the patient presents good outcome, without anal incontinence. Conclusion: The treatment of rectal trauma, based on the 4 D ́s dogma (debridement, fecal diversion, presacral drainage, distal rectal washout lavage) was successful. Repair of the overlapping sphincter injury was simple and effective for anatomical and functional reconstruction. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Anal Canal/injuries , Rectum/surgery , Rectum/injuries , Postoperative Care , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Proctoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 100-112, 20240102. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526851

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el impacto del uso de la tomografía corporal total en la evaluación de los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego y hemodinámicamente inestables atendidos en un centro de referencia de trauma. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio analítico, retrospectivo, con base en un subanálisis del registro de la Sociedad Panamericana de Trauma ­ Fundación Valle del Lili. Se incluyeron los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego atendidos entre 2018 y 2021. Se excluyeron los pacientes con trauma craneoencefálico severo, trauma leve y en condición in extremis. Resultados. Doscientos pacientes cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad, 115 fueron estudiados con tomografía corporal total y se compararon con 85 controles. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria en el grupo de tomografía fue de 4/115 (3,5 %) vs 10/85 (12 %) en el grupo control. En el análisis multivariado se identificó que la tomografía no tenía asociación significativa con la mortalidad (aOR=0,46; IC95% 0,10-1,94). El grupo de tomografía tuvo una reducción relativa del 39 % en la frecuencia de cirugías mayores, con un efecto asociado en la disminución de la necesidad de cirugía (aOR=0,47; IC95% 0,22-0,98). Conclusiones. La tomografía corporal total fue empleada en el abordaje inicial de los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego y hemodinámicamente inestables. Su uso no se asoció con una mayor mortalidad, pero sí con una menor frecuencia de cirugías mayores.


Introduction. This study aims to assess the impact of whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) in the evaluation of patients with penetrating gunshot wounds (GSW) who are hemodynamically unstable and treated at a trauma referral center. Methods. An analytical, retrospective study was conducted based on a subanalysis of the Panamerican Trauma Society-FVL registry. Patients with GSW treated between 2018 and 2021 were included. Patients with severe cranioencephalic trauma, minor trauma, and those in extremis were excluded. Patients with and without WBCT were compared. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality, and the secondary outcome was the frequency of major surgeries (thoracotomy, sternotomy, cervicotomy, and/or laparotomy) during initial care. Results. Two hundred eligible patients were included, with 115 undergoing WBCT and compared to 85 controls. In-hospital mortality in the WBCT group was 4/115 (3.5%) compared to 10/85 (12%) in the control group. Multivariate analysis showed that WBCT was not significantly associated to mortality (aOR: 0.46; 95% CI 0.10-1.94). The WBCT group had a relative reduction of 39% in the frequency of major surgeries, with an associated effect on reducing the need for surgery (aOR: 0.47; 95% CI 0.22-0.98). Conclusions. Whole-body computed tomography was employed in the initial management of patients with penetrating firearm projectile injuries and hemodynamic instability. The use of WBCT was not associated with mortality but rather with a reduction in the frequency of major surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Wounds and Injuries , Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Computed Tomography , Shock, Traumatic , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Hospital Mortality
9.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 113-121, 20240102. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526857

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Se describe la utilidad del umbral crítico de administración (CAT por su denominación en inglés) como herramienta para la reanimación hemostática en pacientes con trauma severo y oclusión endovascular aórtica. Métodos. Revisión retrospectiva de pacientes adultos con hemorragia por trauma, con o sin oclusión endovascular aórtica (REBOA), atendidos entre enero de 2015 y junio de 2020, en un centro de trauma nivel I en Cali, Colombia. Se registraron variables demográficas, severidad del trauma, estado clínico, requerimiento transfusional, tiempo hasta CAT+ y CAT alcanzado (1, 2 ó 3). Resultados. Se incluyeron 93 pacientes, se utilizó REBOA en 36 y manejo tradicional en 57. El grupo REBOA presentó mayor volumen de sangrado (mediana de 3000 ml, RIC: 1950-3625 ml) frente al grupo control (mediana de1500 ml, RIC: 700-2975ml) (p<0,001) y mayor cantidad de glóbulos rojos transfundidos en las primeras 6 horas (mediana de 5, RIC:4-9); p=0,015 y en las primeras 24 horas (mediana de 6, RIC: 4-11); p=0,005. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en número de pacientes CAT+ entre grupos o tiempo hasta alcanzarlo. Sin embargo, el estado CAT+ durante los primeros 30 minutos de la cirugía fue mayor en grupo REBOA (24/36, 66,7 %) frente al grupo control (17/57, 29,8 %; p=0,001), teniendo este mayor tasa de mortalidad intrahospitalaria frente a los pacientes CAT-. Conclusión. El umbral crítico de administración es una herramienta útil en la reanimación hemostática de pacientes con trauma y REBOA, que podría predecir mortalidad precoz.


Introduction. The objective is to describe the utility of the Critical Administration Threshold (CAT) as a tool in hemostatic resuscitation in patients with severe trauma and REBOA. Methods. Retrospective review between January 2015 and June 2020 of adult patients with hemorrhage secondary to trauma with or without REBOA in a level I trauma center in Cali, Colombia. Demographic variables, trauma severity, clinical status, transfusion needs, time to CAT+ and number of CAT achieved (1, 2 or 3) were recorded. Results. Ninety-three patients were included, in which REBOA was used in 36 and traditional management in 57. The REBOA group had a higher bleeding volume (3000 ml), IQR: 1950-3625 ml vs the control group (1500 ml, IQR: 700-2975 ml) (p<0.001) and a higher rate of PRBC units transfused in the first 6 hours (median 5, IQR: 4-9); p=0.015 and in the first 24 hours (median 6, IQR: 4-11); p=0.005. There were no statistically significant differences in the number of CAT+ patients between groups or time to CAT+. However, CAT+ status during the first 30 minutes of surgery was higher in the REBOA Group (24/36, 66.7%) vs. the control group (17/57, 29.8%; p=0.001), having this group a higher in-hospital mortality rate vs. CAT- patients. Conclusion. CAT is a useful tool in the hemostatic resuscitation of patients with trauma and REBOA that could predict early mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta , Blood Transfusion , Balloon Occlusion , Hemorrhage
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 132-137, 20240102.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526861

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los traumatismos cardíacos son lesiones graves y con elevado índice de letalidad, aspecto que influye en el interés mostrado por los lectores cada vez que aparecen reportados en publicaciones científicas. En ocasiones existe cierto grado de incongruencia a la hora de establecer el origen histórico de sucesos o eventos ocurridos y relacionados con la historia de la medicina. En el caso del trauma cardíaco penetrante han sido descritos diversos orígenes en algunos de los artículos científicos publicados, lo cual puede generar un grado de duda en los lectores. Métodos. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura, médica y no médica, para buscar información que ayudara a esclarecer el verdadero origen histórico de esta entidad. Resultados. El trauma cardíaco penetrante fue descrito por primera vez en la obra griega titulada La Ilíada, escrita por Homero en el siglo VIII A.C., y no en El papiro quirúrgico de Edwin Smith, como varios autores mencionan. Conclusiones. De todos los eventos de trauma cardíaco penetrante descritos, el más irrefutable es el narrado en el canto XIII, donde se cuenta la muerte de Alcátoo, producto de una herida cardíaca ocasionada por una lanza arrojada por Idomeneo durante una batalla


Introduction. Cardiac traumatic injuries are serious injuries with a high lethality rate, an aspect that influences the interest shown by readers each time they appear reported in scientific publications. Sometimes there is a certain degree of inconsistency when it comes to establishing the historical origin of occurrences or events related to the history of medicine. In the case of penetrating cardiac trauma, different origins have been described in some of the published scientific articles, which may generate a degree of doubt in the readers. Methods. A review of the medical and non-medical literature was carried out to seek information that would help to clarify the true historical origin of this entity. Results. Penetrating cardiac trauma was first described in a Greek work entitled The Iliad, written by Homer in the 8th century B.C., and not in The Surgical Papyrus of Edwin Smith as several authors mention. Conclusions. Of all the events of penetrating cardiac trauma described, the most irrefutable is the one narrated in canto XIII, where it recounts the death of Alcathous product of a cardiac wound caused by a spear thrown by Idomeneo during a battle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Penetrating , History of Medicine , Wounds and Injuries , Heart Injuries , History
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 148-154, 20240102. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526866

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La incidencia reportada de traumatismo cardíaco es baja y su grado de resolución es variable, dependiendo de la causa, el mecanismo de la lesión, el lugar donde ocurra y las características del sistema sanitario. Su incidencia ha aumentado recientemente debido al incremento de los accidentes de tránsito y la violencia, predominando los traumatismos penetrantes asociados a heridas por armas cortopunzantes y de fuego. Los traumatismos cardíacos se acompañan de un alto grado de letalidad. Caso clínico. Mujer de 35 años que consultó a emergencia por trauma torácico penetrante ocasionado por arma blanca y fue intervenida de urgencia por derrame pleural izquierdo, sin mejoría hemodinámica. Fue reevaluada detectándose derrame pericárdico con taponamiento cardíaco, ocasionado por lesión cardíaca. Fue tratada quirúrgicamente con resultados satisfactorios. Resultados. Las manifestaciones clínicas en los traumatismos penetrantes generalmente son graves y fatales, pero en algunos casos puede no comprometer tanto la hemodinamia del paciente. Para consolidar el diagnóstico clínico pueden realizarse variados estudios, siendo la ecografía FAST extendida uno de los más recomendados por su elevada sensibilidad y especificidad. Dependiendo del adelanto tecnológico del centro hospitalario y la estabilidad hemodinámica del paciente, el tratamiento quirúrgico es el más indicado. Conclusión. El conocimiento del trauma cardíaco penetrante resulta de gran importancia, no solo para el médico del servicio de emergencia sino también para el médico general. Un diagnóstico rápido y acertado, unido a un manejo adecuado, pueden ser decisivos para salvar la vida del paciente.


Introduction. The reported incidence of cardiac trauma is low and its degree of resolution is variable depending on the cause, the mechanism of injury, the place where it occurs and the characteristics of the health care system. Their incidence has currently increased due to the increase in traffic accidents and violence, with a predominance of penetrating trauma associated with stab wounds and firearms. Cardiac trauma is accompanied by a high degree of lethality. Clinical case. A 35-year-old female patient, evaluated in the emergency room for penetrating thoracic trauma caused by stab wound. She underwent emergency intervention due to left pleural effusion, but without hemodynamic improvement. She was reevaluated and pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade caused by cardiac injury was detected. She was treated surgically with satisfactory results. Results.The clinical manifestations generally described in penetrating cardiac trauma are severe and fatal, but in some cases and due to the characteristics of the injury caused, the patient's hemodynamics may not be so compromised. To consolidate the clinical diagnosis, several complementary studies can be performed, with FAST ultrasound being one of the most recommended due to its high sensitivity and specificity. Surgical treatment is still the most indicated, depending on the technological progress of the hospital and the hemodynamic stability of the patient. Conclusions.Knowledge of penetrating cardiac trauma is of great importance, not only for the emergency department physician but also for the general practitioner. A quick and accurate diagnosis, together with adequate management can be decisive in saving the patient's life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Penetrating , Cardiac Tamponade , Thoracic Surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Heart Injuries
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006831

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hamstring strain injury remains persistently high in sports, highlighting the need for additional investigation of its predisposing variables. Despite hamstring injury being well investigated, there’s a lack of studies on changes in echo intensity and shear wave elastography of hamstrings among athletes with a history of injury, which could be considered modifiable risk variables.@*Objectives@#To examine echo intensity and shear wave elastography characteristics of previously injured hamstrings among athletes, assessing the differences between the injured leg and controls.@*Methods@#This systematic review will focus on studies reporting echo intensity and shear wave elastography characteristics of athletes with a history of hamstring strain injury compared to a control group. The search strategy will locate studies written in English from 1990 to 2023 using four electronic databases: PubMed, EBSCO (CINAHL and Medline), Science Direct, and Web of Science. Studies reporting measures using imaging other than ultrasound and where no diagnosis of hamstring strain has been made will be excluded. Two independent reviewers will screen and critically appraise the studies using the McMasters Critical Review Form. Two reviewers will independently extract relevant data and present a descriptive synthesis. A meta-analysis will be conducted when two or more studies provide data for the same outcome measure.@*Expected Results@#This review can better understand hamstring maladaptation to injury. Utilizing echo-intensity and shear wave elastography as objective outcome measures can inform clinical practice toward developing an effective rehabilitation program for injury prevention.


Subject(s)
Wounds and Injuries , Sports , Rehabilitation
13.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 14: e8, 2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1551248

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar o uso de moulage na simulação clínica de curativos em lesões tegumentares entre estudantes de enfermagem. Método: relato de experiência sobre o uso de moulage para representar lesões tegumentares em simulação clínica de curativos para estudantes de enfermagem. Desenvolveu-se em cinco etapas: ponto de partida, perguntas iniciais, recuperação do processo vivido, reflexão de fundo e pontos de chegada. Resultados: realizaram-se três simulações clínicas, com 28 estudantes. Na produção da lesão tegumentar, utilizaram-se látex, massinha de maquiagem, amido de milho, tinta antialérgica, pincéis, esponja, sangue artificial e algodão, com um custo de R$107,35. No cenário simulado, havia um ator que representou o papel de paciente com lesão, após acidente automobilístico. As simulações ocorreram em três etapas: briefing, cena simulada e debriefing. Conclusão: a simulação clínica com moulage é uma estratégia para o ensino de curativos em lesões tegumentares e contribui para o processo de ensino-aprendizagem de estudantes de enfermagem.


Objective: to report on the use of moulage in the clinical simulation of dressings for skin injuries among nursing students. Methodology: experience report on the use of moulage to represent skin injuries in a clinical simulation of dressings for nursing students. It was developed in five stages: starting point, initial questions, recovery of the experienced process, background reflection and end points. Results: three clinical simulations were carried out with 28 students. In order to produce the skin injury, latex, makeup paste, cornstarch, anti-allergic paint, brushes, sponge, artificial blood and cotton were used, at a cost of R$107.35. In the simulated scenario, there was an actor who played the role of a patient with injuries after a car accident. The simulations took place in three stages: briefing, simulated scene and debriefing. Conclusion: clinical simulation with moulage is a strategy for teaching dressings for skin injuries and contributes to the teaching-learning process for nursing students.


Objetivo: informar sobre la utilización del moulage en la simulación clínica de apósitos para lesiones cutáneas entre estudiantes de enfermería. Metodología: informe de experiencia sobre la utilización del moulage para representar lesiones cutáneas en una simulación clínica de apósitos para estudiantes de enfermería. Se desarrolló en cinco etapas: punto de partida, preguntas iniciales, recuperación del proceso vivido, reflexión de fondo y puntos de llegada. Resultados: se realizaron tres simulaciones clínicas con 28 estudiantes. Para producir la lesión cutánea, se utilizó látex, pasta de maquillaje, almidón de maíz, pintura antialérgica, pinceles, esponja, sangre artificial y algodón, con un coste de R$107,35. En el escenario simulado, había un actor que representaba el papel de un paciente herido tras un accidente de coche. Las simulaciones se desarrollaron en tres etapas: briefing, escena simulada y debriefing. Conclusión: la simulación clínica con moulage es una estrategia para la enseñanza sobre apósitos de lesiones cutáneas y contribuye al proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de los estudiantes de enfermería.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Nursing , Wounds and Injuries , Educational Technology , Education, Nursing , Simulation Training
14.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552145

ABSTRACT

A Dermatite Atópica e a Epidermólise Bolhosa são doenças crônicas que afetam a estrutura morfológica e bioquímica da pele, provocando lesões e alterações sistêmicas nos indivíduos afetados, podendo ocasionar infecções generalizadas. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar e sintetizar as contribuições das pesquisas produzidas sobre os cuidados de enfermagem para crianças com dermatite atópica ou epidermólise bolhosa. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, cuja pergunta norteadora foi: "Quais são os cuidados de enfermagem para o paciente pediátrico com dermatite atópica ou epidermólise bolhosa?". Sua busca aconteceu nas bases de dados: Medline; CINAHL; LILACS e CUIDEN. Não houve restrição quanto ao ano de publicação e foram analisados estudos publicados nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol. Como resultados foram incluídos 23 estudos, dois quais duas categorias foram elencadas: Assistência de Enfermagem às Crianças Portadoras de Dermatite Atópica e a Epidermólise Bolhosa e, Educação em Saúde. Evidenciou-se a necessidade de investimento em pesquisas bem delineadas sobre o tema, pois a raridade da condição, a escassez de referencial e a dificuldade em encontrar pacientes aptos para intervenções são fatores que contribuem neste cenário científico.


The Atopic Dermatitis and Epidermolysis Bullosa are chronic diseases that affect the morphological and biochemical structure of the skin, causing lesions and systemic changes in affected individuals, which can lead to generalized infections. This study aimed to evaluate and synthesize the contributions of research produced on nursing care for children with atopic dermatitis or epidermolysis bullosa. This is an integrative review, whose guiding question was: "What is the nursing care for pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis or epidermolysis bullosa?". Your search took place in the following databases: Medline; CINAHL; LILACS and CUIDEN. There was no restriction on the year of publication and studies published in English, Portuguese and Spanish were analyzed. As results, 23 studies were included, two of which two categories were listed: Nursing Care for Children with Atopic Dermatitis and Epidermolysis Bullosa and Health Education. The need for investment in well-designed research on the topic was highlighted, as the The rarity of the condition, the scarcity of references and the difficulty in finding patients suitable for interventions are factors that contribute to this scientific scenario.


La Dermatitis Atópica y la Epidermólisis Bullosa son enfermedades crónicas que afectan la estructura morfológica y bioquímica de la piel, provocando lesiones y cambios sistémicos en los individuos afectados, que pueden derivar en infecciones generalizadas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar y sintetizar las contribuciones de las investigaciones producidas sobre los cuidados de enfermería al niño con dermatitis atópica o epidermólisis ampollosa. Se trata de una revisión integradora, cuya pregunta orientadora fue: "¿Cuál es el cuidado de enfermería al paciente pediátrico con dermatitis atópica o epidermólisis ampollosa?". Su búsqueda se realizó en las siguientes bases de datos: Medline; CINAHL; LILAS y CUIDEN. No hubo restricción en el año de publicación y se analizaron los estudios publicados en inglés, portugués y español. Como resultados se incluyeron 23 estudios, dos de los cuales se enumeraron dos categorías: Atención de Enfermería al Niño con Dermatitis Atópica y Epidermólisis Bullosa y Educación para la Salud.Se destacó la necesidad de invertir en investigaciones bien diseñadas sobre el tema, ya que la rareza de la condición, la escasez de referencias y la dificultad para encontrar pacientes aptos para las intervenciones son factores que contribuyen a este escenario científico.


Subject(s)
Pediatrics , Child , Epidermolysis Bullosa/nursing , Dermatitis, Atopic/nursing , Pediatric Assistants , Skin/injuries , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Nurse's Role , Early Medical Intervention , Systematic Reviews as Topic
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220200, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550592

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of sharps accidents among dental students in southwest Goiás state, Brazil, and further survey their knowledge of biosafety and post-injury management. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical observational study was carried out in 2018 following the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines. The study population included dental students in the 4th and 10th course semester. A pre-formulated self-administered questionnaire containing 14 objective questions was used for data collection. Mean and standard deviation values were calculated. Results: A total of 308 responses were obtained. Overall, 15.9% of the respondents reported having previously experienced accidents with sharps. Most dental students who claimed to know the biological risks to which they are exposed were in the 5th and 8th course semesters, and 67.2% of them reported knowing how to proceed in the event of a sharp accident. Conclusion: A low prevalence of sharps accidents has been reported, and dental students are considered to have a good knowledge of biosafety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Dental , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Stab/prevention & control , Containment of Biohazards , Brazil/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical
16.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13054, jan.-dez. 2024. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1533034

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados à prevalência de cicatrização em pacientes com feridas crônicas. Método: estudo transversal, em pacientes com feridas crônicas de uma Unidade de Saúde da Família, em Salvador, Bahia. Os dados foram coletados de fontes secundárias disponíveis na planilha de acompanhamento dos pacientes, analisando como desfecho os níveis de cicatrização das feridas crônicas. Resultados: foram verificadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes nas variáveis faixa etária e dor, em que a proporção de apresentar os piores índices de cicatrização foi 77,78% maior entre os pacientes adultos quando comparada aos idosos; e a proporção de apresentar os piores índices de cicatrização entre os pacientes com dor intensa/muito intensa foi 80% maior quando comparada aos pacientes sem dor. Conclusão: ficou evidente a importância de desenvolver estratégias voltadas ao estilo de vida, adesão ao tratamento, manejo da dor, bem como utilização de instrumentos qualitativos para avaliação dos fatores que possam interferir na cicatrização.


Objective: to analyze the factors associated with the prevalence of healing in patients with chronic wounds. Method: cross-sectional study, in patients with chronic wounds at a Family Health Unit, in Salvador, Bahia. Data were collected from secondary sources available in the patient monitoring spreadsheet, analyzing the healing levels of chronic wounds as the outcome. Results: statistically significant differences were found in the variable age group and pain, in which the proportion of those presenting the worst healing rates was 77.78% higher among adult patients when compared to the elderly; and the proportion of patients with intense/very intense pain presenting the worst healing rates was 80% higher when compared to patients without pain. Conclusion: the importance of developing strategies focused on lifestyle, adherence to treatment, pain management, as well as the use of qualitative instruments to evaluate factors that may interfere with healing.


Objetivos:analizar los factores asociados a la prevalencia de curación en pacientes con heridas crónicas. Método: estudio transversal, en pacientes con heridas crónicas en una Unidad de Salud de la Familia, en Salvador, Bahía. Los datos se recopilaron de fuentes secundarias disponibles en la hoja de seguimiento de pacientes, analizando como resultado los niveles de curación de las heridas crónicas. Resultados: se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables grupo de edad y dolor, siendo la proporción de quienes tuvieron peores tasas de curación 77,78% mayor entre los pacientes adultos en comparación con los ancianos; y la proporción de pacientes con dolor intenso/muy intenso que presentaron peores tasas de curación fue un 80% mayor en comparación con los pacientes sin dolor. Conclusión: se evidenció la importancia de desarrollar estrategias enfocadas en el estilo de vida, la adherencia al tratamiento, el manejo del dolor, así como el uso de instrumentos cualitativos para evaluar factores que puedan interferir en la curación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Primary Health Care , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Risk Factors , Pain Management/nursing , Family Nurse Practitioners
17.
Sudan j. med. sci ; 19(1): 132-148, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1552448

ABSTRACT

Background: Sudan's history is marred by ongoing sociopolitical challenges, with deep cultural divisions fueling numerous wars. A new conflict erupted on April 15, 2023, pushing the country closer to a full-scale civil war. This war has severely crippled Sudan's already fragile healthcare system, rendering 70% of hospitals in combat zones nonoperational, causing 12,000 deaths, thousands of injuries, and leaving 11 million in dire need of healthcare. More than seven million people are displaced, half of which are children, and are facing severe health challenges, especially vulnerable groups. Heath situation is threatening with unchecked spread of outbreaks of communicable diseases that were previously controlled and marked failure in meeting the health demands of patients with noncommunicable diseases, reproductive and child health issues, and people with serious conditions that require adequate follow-up. Moreover, the projections threaten with more catastrophic consequences including famine, environmental destruction, and further displacement of people. This review article highlights the urgency of the situation and explores potential solutions to enrich global understanding of crisis management. Methods: To comprehensively assess the impact of the crisis and propose a way forward, we drew data by exploring search engines and databases such as Google, Humanitarian Agencies Websites, Google Scholer, and PubMed along with some relevant reports. The search terms included are "Sudan's war", "impact of war on healthcare systems", and "Sudan's armed conflicts". Results: More than 19 publications on the impact of the war on health in addition to periodic reports from international organizations and governmental authorities were reviewed. Conclusion: Although all publications point to the gravity of the situation and the need for prompt response, this crisis offers a unique opportunity to rebuild Sudan's struggling healthcare system with the principles of social accountability. Through domestic and international collaboration, this sector can become a model for similar nations, meeting the needs of its people and promoting sustainable development.


Subject(s)
Wounds and Injuries , Health Systems , Armed Conflicts , Delivery of Health Care , Crew Resource Management, Healthcare
18.
Bénin Médical ; 69: 82-89, 2024.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1554571

ABSTRACT

Introduction Les dermatoses tumorales sont des néoformations tissulaires dues à une prolifération cellulaire excessive, anormale, anarchique et plus ou moins autonome, aux dépens de la peau et de ses annexes. Ces dermatoses tumorales peuvent être bénignes, malignes ou à malignité limitée. L'objectif de la présente étude est de répertorier l'ensemble des dermatoses tumorales vues en consultation dermatologique au CNHU-HKM de Cotonou. Patients et méthodes Etude transversale rétrospective et descriptive ayant porté sur les dossiers des patients vus pour des tumeurs cutanéo-muqueuses, dans le service de Dermatologie-vénérologie du Centre National Hospitalier Universitaire Hubert Koutoukou Maga (CNHU-HKM) de Cotonou, de 2009 à 2023. Les données épidémiologiques et cliniques ont été recueillies à partir des registres de consultations puis saisies et analysées avec les logiciels Excel, EPI-DATA et SPSS. Résultats Au total, 15627 nouveaux patients ont été enregistrés, dont 1221 atteints de dermatoses tumorales (7,81%). L'âge moyen était de 33 ans ± 18,71 ; la tranche d'âge la plus représentée était celle de 20 à 39 ans (46,30%). La sex-ratio était de 1,08. Les lésions étaient acquises chez 93,94% des patients. Trente-cinq types de dermatoses tumorales ont été colligés. Les tumeurs bénignes représentaient 95,43% des patients. Elles étaient dominées par les chéloïdes (25,34 %) suivies parles condylomes (17,50 %), les verrues (10,12%), le molluscum contagiosum (7,54 %), l'ensemble formé par les nævi et hamartomes (5,18 %) et les kystes sébacés (4,57 %). Les tumeurs malignes étaient rares et représentées par les carcinomes spinocellulaires (1,14%), basocellulaires (0,30%) et les mélanomes (0,30%). Les tumeurs à malignité limitée sont essentiellement représentées par la maladie de Kaposi retrouvée chez 2,05% des patients. Conclusion Les dermatoses tumorales sont relativement fréquentes en milieu hospitalier au Bénin. Elles sont dominées par les tumeurs bénignes avec à leur tête les chéloïdes et les condylomes


Introduction Tumoral dermatoses are tissue neoformations resulting from excessive, abnormal, anarchic, and somewhat autonomous cell proliferation, affecting the skin and its annexes. These tumoral dermatoses can be benign, malignant, or of limited malignancy. The aim of this study is to catalog all the tumoral dermatoses seen in dermatological consultation at NUHC- HKM in Cotonou. Patients and Methods This was a retrospective, descriptive cross-sectional study based on the files of patients seen for cutaneous or mucosal tumors in the Dermatology-Venereology department of the National University Hospital Center Hubert Koutoukou Maga (NUHC-HKM) in Cotonou, from 2009 to 2023. Epidemiological and clinical data were collected from consultation registers and analyzed using Excel, EPI-DATA, and SPSS software. A total of 15,627 new patients were registered, of which 1,221 were affected by tumoral dermatoses (7.81%). The average age was 33 years ± 18.71; the most represented age group was 20 to 39 years (46.30%). The sex ratio was 1.08. Thirty-five types of tumoral dermatoses were collected. The lesions were non congenital in 93.94% of patients. Benign tumors accounted for 95.43% of the patients. They were dominated by keloids (25.34%) followed by condylomas (17.50%), warts (10.12%), molluscum contagiosum (7.54%), the group formed by nevi and hamartomas (5.18%), and sebaceous cysts (4.57%). Malignant tumors were rare and represented by squamous cell carcinomas (1.14%), basal cell carcinomas (0.30%), and melanomas (0.30%). Tumors with limited malignancy were primarily represented by Kaposi's disease found in 2.05% of patients. Conclusion Tumoral dermatoses are relatively frequent in the hospital setting in Benin. They are dominated by benign tumors, headed by keloids and condylomas


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wounds and Injuries
19.
Bénin Médical ; 69: 35-39, 2024. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1554709

ABSTRACT

L'eczéma des mains est fréquent. Son étiologie est souvent multifactorielle comprenant les facteurs environnementaux et des facteurs individuels prédisposants. Il pose des problèmes de diagnostic étiologique en particulier dans un contexte de poly sensibilisation. Observation Il s'est agi d'une employée de maison âgée de 17 ans sans antécédents allergiques connus. Elle a développé un eczéma bilatéral des mains six mois après embauche. Le patch test avec la batterie standard européenne a montré une poly sensibilisation à plusieurs allergènes contenus dans les détergents et désinfectants. Le patch test aux gants est revenu négatif mais n'exclut pas son implication dans la survenue des lésions devant le caractère bilatéral et symétrique des lésions. Une réorientation professionnelle a été proposée devant le jeune âge de la travailleuse Conclusion La connaissance des allergènes en cause au cours d'un eczéma est un atout pour une meilleure prise en charge du patient mais leur identification n'est pas toujours aisée. La réorientation professionnelle lorsqu'elle est possible assure la guérison.


Introduction: Hand eczema is common. Its etiology is often multifactorial, including environmental factors and individual predisposing factors. It poses problems of etiological diagnosis, particularly in the context of poly sensitization. Observation: This case involved a 17-year-old domestic worker with no known allergic history. She developed bilateral hand eczema six months after hiring. The patch test with the standard European battery showed poly-sensitization to several allergens contained in detergents and disinfectants. The glove patch test came back negative, but did not rule out its involvement in the lesions, given the bilateral and symmetrical nature of the lesions. In view of the young age of the worker, a vocational reorientation was carried out. Conclusion: Knowledge of the allergens involved in eczema is an asset for better patient management, but identifying them is not always easy. When possible, professional reorientation ensures recovery


Subject(s)
Wounds and Injuries , Patient Care Management , Eczema , Hand Dermatoses , Antiviral Agents , Quality of Life , Hand
20.
Bénin Médical ; 69: 105-109, 2024. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1554645

ABSTRACT

Objectif : Décrire les aspects médico-légaux de la réparation des amputations traumatiques de membres en milieu professionnel. Méthodologie : Etude descriptive retrospective réalisée au centre des urgences de Yaoundé (CURY) de Janvier 2017 à Decembre 2022. Etait inclus, tout patient consentant ayant subi une amputation de membre consécutive à un accident de travail durant la période d'étude. Résultats : Au total, 96 patients amputes de membres ont ete colliges. Les victimes étaient majoritairement de sexe masculin soit 70.8%, la tranche d'âge la plus representee était celle de 30 à 35 ans. La categorie professionnelle la plus representee etait la categorie H (transport et entreposage) soit 34.5%. L'ecrasement a constitué le type lésionnel le plus pourvoyeur d'amputation soit 46,9 %, les membres inferieurs etaient le plus souvent atteint (66,6%). La duree moyenne d'arrêt de travail etait de 90,5 jours et l'incapacité permanent partielle (IPP) moyen etait de 47.9 %. Des patients amputes, 47.9 % avaient beneficies d'un changement de poste de travail. Conclusion: Les amputations traumatiques de membres en milieu professionnel sont relativement fréquentes. Toutes les catégories socioprofessionnelles peuvent être concernees. Elles sont source de prejudices importants.


Objective : To describe the medico-legal aspects of repairing traumatic limb amputations in the workplace. Methodology : Retrospective descriptive study conducted at the Yaounde emergency centre (YEC) from January 2017 to December 2022. All consenting patients who underwent a limb amputation following a work-related accident during the study period were included. Results : A total of 96 patients with limb amputations were enrolled. The victims were predominantly male (70.8%), and the most common age group was between 30 and 35 years. The most common occupational category was H (transport and storage), at 34.5%. Crushing was the most common type of injury causing amputations (46.9%), with the lower limbs most often affected (66.6%). The average length of time off work was 90.5 days, and the average permanent partial disability (PPD) was 47.9%. Of the amputated patients, 47.9% had benefited from a change of workstation. Conclusion : Traumatic limb amputations in the workplace are relatively common. All socioprofessional categories may be affected. They are a source of significant prejudice


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wounds and Injuries
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