Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 250
Filter
1.
Singapore medical journal ; : 237-243, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984202

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Falls from heights contribute to 34% of fatal accidents in Singapore. Of these, 51% of the accidents occur in the construction industry. This retrospective review, of all persons falling from heights in the construction industry from 2006 to 2012 and attending a major hospital, analysed injury patterns and related them to mechanisms and contributory factors.@*METHODS@#Information collected included injury and casualty characteristics, safety measures, pre-existing medical conditions and clinical outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Of 1,085 patients, 951 were male with a mean age of 39.8 years, mean height of 165.9 cm and mean weight of 69.7 kg. Most of the casualties fell between 0800 and 2000 hours. Among the severely injured patients, 2.4% had head injuries, 54.9% had chest injuries and 39.2% had abdominal and pelvic injuries. For these casualties, the mortality rate was 60.8%. For patients with less than major trauma, the commonest injuries were in the lower limbs (41.8%), upper limbs (40.8%) and spine (22.2%). All the casualties survived. Falls from scaffolding, formwork and platforms were the most common causes of severe injuries (41.1%). Safety helmets and harnesses were reported to be used in 1.8% and 4.1% of instances of falls, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Studying the patterns of injuries following falls at construction sites has the potential for injury prevention through safe practices, use of safety equipment and targeted training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Construction Industry , Craniocerebral Trauma/etiology , Protective Devices , Head Protective Devices , Retrospective Studies , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Injury Severity Score
2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 267-275, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009483

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To systematically review the risk of permanent disability related to road traffic injuries (RTIs) and to determine the implications for future research regarding permanent impairment following road traffic crashes.@*METHODS@#We conducted this systematic review according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis statement. An extended search of the literature was carried out in 4 major electronic databases for scientific research papers published from January 1980 to February 2020. Two teams include 2 reviewers each, screened independently the titles/abstracts, and after that, reviewed the full text of the included studies. The quality of the studies was assessed using the strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) checklist. A third reviewer was assessed any discrepancy and all data of included studies were extracted. Finally, the data were systematically analyzed, and the related data were interpreted.@*RESULTS@#Five out of 16 studies were evaluated as high-quality according to the STROBE checklist. Fifteen studies ranked the initial injuries according to the abbreviated injury scale 2005. Five studies reported the total risk of permanent medical impairment following RTIs which varied from 2% to 23% for car occupants and 2.8% to 46% for cyclists. Seven studies reported the risk of permanent medical impairment of the different body regions. Eleven studies stated the most common body region to develop permanent impairment, of which 6 studies demonstrated that injuries of the cervical spine and neck were at the highest risk of becoming permanent injured.@*CONCLUSION@#The finding of this review revealed the necessity of providing a globally validated method to evaluate permanent medical impairment following RTIs across the world. This would facilitate decision-making about traffic injuries and efficient management to reduce the financial and psychological burdens for individuals and communities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidents, Traffic , Disabled Persons , Abbreviated Injury Scale , Databases, Factual , Wounds and Injuries/etiology
3.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 38(2): e4213, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408343

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La xerosis cutánea tiene una alta frecuencia y puede generar además de incomodidad, cambios en el aspecto visual y sensorial de la piel, así como un mayor riesgo de aparición de lesiones. Al instituir la evaluación de forma sistemática y diaria, es posible contribuir a la prevención de lesiones mediante la identificación de los riesgos. Objetivo: Mapear evidencia científica sobre las condiciones relacionadas con el riesgo de aparición de lesiones en ancianos con xerosis cutánea en el entorno hospitalario. Métodos: Se trata de una revisión del alcance en el uso de la herramienta PRISMA, la búsqueda de los estudios ocurrió en septiembre y octubre de 2020, publicados en inglés, portugués o español y en los últimos 10 años, combinando los descriptores y palabras clave entre sí por el operador booleano AND: "piel seca", "envejecimiento de la piel", "enfermería", "cuidado de enfermería" y "cuidados de ancianos". Conclusiones: Un total de 13 estudios compusieron el corpus, que encontraron en la literatura nacional e internacional las siguientes condiciones: presencia de áreas con sensibilidad alterada y potencial de hidrógeno, menor turgencia y elasticidad, inmovilidad, grupo de alta edad, prurito, agrietamiento, fricción y cizallamiento, así como la presencia de comorbilidades. Fue posible mapear las principales condiciones relacionadas con el riesgo de aparición de lesiones en los ancianos con xerosis cutánea en el entorno hospitalario, así como destacar la necesidad de intervenciones de las enfermeras para prevenir la aparición de lesiones, sin olvidar las contribuciones del equipo interprofesional, porque el problema tiene causas multifactoriales(AU)


Introdução: A xerose cutânea apresenta elevada frequência e pode gerar além do desconforto, alterações do aspecto visual e sensorial da pele, bem como o aumento do risco para o surgimento de lesões. Ao instituir-se a avaliação de modo sistemático e diário, é possível contribuir para a prevenção de lesões através da identificação dos riscos. Objetivo: Mapear evidências científicas acerca das condições que estão relacionadas ao risco para o surgimento de lesões em idosos com xerose cutânea no ambiente hospitalar. Métodos: Trata-se de uma scoping review realizada a partir da utilização da ferramenta PRISMA, a busca dos estudos deu-se nos meses de setembro e outubro de 2020, publicados em línguas em inglês, português ou espanhol e nos últimos 10 anos, combinando os descritores e palavras-chaves entre si pelo operador booleano AND: "pele seca", "envelhecimento da pele", "enfermagem", "cuidados de enfermagem" e "idoso". Conclusões: Um total de 13 estudos compuseram o corpus, encontrou-se nas literaturas nacional e internacional as seguintes condições: presença de áreas com alteração da sensibilidade e do potencial hidrogeniônico, turgor e elasticidade reduzidos, imobilidade, faixa etária elevada, prurido, rachaduras, fricção e cisalhamento bem como presença de comorbidades. Foi possível mapear as principais condições que estão relacionadas ao risco para o surgimento de lesões em pessoas idosas com xerose cutânea em ambiente hospitalar, como também ressaltar a necessidade de intervenções dos enfermeiros para prevenir o surgimento de agravos, sem esquecer das contribuições da equipe interprofissional, pois o problema tem causas multifatoriais(AU)


Introduction: Cutaneous xerosis presents a high frequency and can generate, in addition to discomfort, changes in the visual and sensory appearance of the skin, as well as an increased risk of injury occurrence. Upon instituting systematic and daily examination, it is possible to contribute to injury prevention by identifying risks. Objective: To map the scientific evidence on conditions related to the risk of injury occurrence in elderly people with cutaneous xerosis in the hospital setting. Methods: This is a literature review using the PRISMA tool (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses). The search for studies was carried out in September and October 2020. Articles published in English, Portuguese or Spanish within the last ten years were reviewed, combining the following descriptors and keywords with each other by the Boolean operator AND: piel seca [dry skin], envejecimiento de la piel [skin aging], enfermería [nursing], cuidado de enfermería [nursing care], and cuidados del anciano [elderly care]. Conclusions: A total of thirteen studies made up the corpus, through which the following conditions were found in the national and international literature: presence of areas with altered sensitivity and hydrogen potential, lower turgor and elasticity, immobility, high-age group, pruritus, skin cracking, friction and shearing, as well as the presence of concomitant diseases. It was possible to map the main conditions related to the risk of occurrence of lesions in the elderly people with cutaneous xerosis in the hospital setting, as well as to highlight the need for interventions by nurses to prevent the occurrence of lesions, without forgetting the contributions of the interprofessional team, because the problem has multifactorial causes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Skin Aging , Risk Factors , Nursing Care/methods , Review Literature as Topic , Disease Prevention
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1): 210-219, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385565

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las lesiones iatrogénicas de las vías biliares (LIVB), en el curso de una colecistectomía laparoscópica (CL), son complicaciones que causan resultados inesperados para cirujanos un incremento en los riesgos de los pacientes (morbilidad y mortalidad), afectando su calidad de vida. Asimismo, causan situaciones difíciles desde el punto de vista técnico para el cirujano que debe repararlas desde un punto de vista técnico. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue resumir la información referente a las LIVB y describir su morfología y opciones diagnóstico-terapéuticas.


SUMMARY: Iatrogenic Bile duct injuries (IBDI), during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CL), are complications that cause unexpected results for surgeons, an increment in patient risks (morbidity and mortality), and affect the patient´s quality of life. At the same time, they create difficult situations for the repairing surgeon from a technical point of view. The aim of this manuscript was to summarize the information regarding IBDI and to describe its morphology and diagnostic-therapeutic options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Bile Ducts/pathology , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Wounds and Injuries/classification , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Bile Ducts/injuries , Risk Factors , Iatrogenic Disease
5.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 133-139, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279092

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: Las caídas tienen un origen multifactorial. Objetivo: Estimar el riesgo de caídas y su asociación con algunos factores intrínsecos y extrínsecos en adultos mayores. Métodos: Estudio de casos y controles que incluyó pacientes de ambos sexos con edades ≥ 60 años. Los casos fueron pacientes que ingresaron al servicio de urgencias de un hospital de segundo nivel, con diagnóstico de lesión o fractura secundaria a una caída; los controles fueron pacientes que acudieron a unidades de medicina familiar. El análisis estadístico que se realizó fue descriptivo, bivariante y multivariante. Se utilizó el programa SPSS versión 22.0. Resultados: Se incluyeron 342 pacientes (171 casos y 171 controles). La edad promedio fue 76.1 ± 8.8 años, el 66 % fueron mujeres y por autorreporte el 97.1 % tenían enfermedades crónicas. Se observaron diferencias en el índice de masa corporal, en la proporción de casos con deterioro cognitivo, uso de dispositivos para caminar y dependencia para realizar actividades básicas e instrumentales de la vida diaria. El análisis multivariante ajustado reveló asociación entre el evento caída con deterioro cognitivo y dependencia para realizar actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria. Conclusiones: El deterioro cognitivo y la dependencia para realizar actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria se asociaron al riesgo de caer.


Abstract Background: Falls have a multifactorial origin. Objective: To estimate the risk of falls and their association with some intrinsic and extrinsic factors in elderly. Methods: Case-control study that included individuals of both genders aged ≥ 60 years. Cases were patients who were admitted to the emergency department of a secondary care hospital diagnosed with injury or fracture secondary to a fall; the controls were patients who attended family medicine units. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistical analysis was carried out. The SPSS program, version 22.0, was used. Results: Three-hundred and forty-two patients were included (171 cases and 171 controls). Mean age was 76.1 ± 8.8 years, 66 % were women and 97.1 % had self-reported chronic diseases. Differences were observed in body mass index, in the proportion of cases with cognitive impairment, use of walking devices and dependence to perform basic and instrumental activities of daily living. Adjusted multivariate analysis revealed an association between the fall event and cognitive impairment and dependence to perform instrumental activities of daily living. Conclusions: Cognitive impairment and dependence to perform instrumental activities of daily living were associated with the risk of falling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Accidental Falls , Activities of Daily Living , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Walkers , Canes , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Mobility Limitation , Independent Living , Mexico
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879664

ABSTRACT

The year 2020 is an extremely unusual year. The world lost more than one million lives due to the attack of COVID-19. Economic production has been greatly reduced, and daily activities are largely restricted. Luckily the work of Chinese Journal of Traumatology (CJTEE) has not been adversely affected. 2020 is a harvest year for the journal, which (1) was included in the high-quality academic journals by China Association for Science and Technology; (2) cover of each issue is newly designed; (3) submission increased by about 60% with more countries and regions covered; (4) usage in the ScienceDirect database exceeded a million; (5) the CiteScore rises to more than 2.0 the first time. This study reviewed the articles published in the year 2020 by CJTEE.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , China , Periodicals as Topic , Science/organization & administration , Societies, Scientific/organization & administration , Technology/organization & administration , Time Factors , Traumatology/organization & administration , Wounds and Injuries/etiology
7.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 276-281, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1150698

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os benefícios e os malefícios que Manobra de Kristeller apresenta na prática obstétrica para a mulher e o concepto. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, BDENF, IBECS e MEDLINE. Interpretou-se os resultados sintetizando-os de forma crítica e descritiva. Resultados: a amostra foi composta por nove estudos publicados entre 2007 a 2017. Estas publicações evidenciaram que esta manobra não possui benefício, em contrapartida, pode trazer vários malefícios à mulher como disfunções no sistema urinário, dispaurenia, dor perineal, incontinência anal, além do aumento do número de episotomias. Em relação ao concepto, foram encontrados registros de cefalohematomas, aumento do ritmo cardíaco fetal, hemorragia epidural e Caput sucedaneum. Conclusão: as publicações referem que esta manobra trará uma história reprodutiva marcada por traumas, além de reforçar o não uso desta técnica


Objective: to analyze the benefits and harms that the Kristeller Maneuver presents in obstetric practice for women and the concept. Method: this is an integrative review carried out in LILACS, BDENF, IBECS e MEDLINE. The results were interpreted by synthesizing them in a critical and descriptive way. Results: the sample was made by nine studies launched in 2007 to 2017. These subjects showed that this is not a benefit option, in contrast, it can bring several harm to the woman such as dysfunctions in the urinary system, dyspaurenia, perineal pain, anal incontinence, in addition to an increase in the number of episiotomies. Regarding the concept, the records of cephalhematomas, increased cardiac rhythm, epidural hemorrhage and Caput substudum were found. Conclusions: The publications referenced this maneuver to a reproductive culture marked by traumas, besides promoting the non-use of this technique


Objetivo: analizar los beneficios y los maleficios que la Manobra de Kristeller presenta en la práctica obstétrica para la mujer y el concepto. Método: se trata de una revisión integrativa realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, BDENF, IBECS e MEDLINE. Se interpretó los resultados sintetizándolos de forma crítica y descriptiva. Resultados: la muestra fue hecha por nueve estudios lanzados en 2007 a 2017. Estas materias evidenciaron que ésta no es una opción de beneficio, en contrapartida, puede traer varios maleficios a la mujer como disfunciones en el sistema urinario, dispaurenia, dolor perineal, incontinencia anal, además del aumento del número de episotomías. En relación al concepto, se encontraron los registros de cefalhematomas, aumento del ritmo cardíaco, hemorragia epidural y Caput sucedaneum. Conclusión: Las publicaciones referenciaron esta maniobra a una cultura reproductiva marcada por traumas, además de promover el no uso de esta técnica


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Lacerations/etiology , Delivery, Obstetric/adverse effects , Delivery, Obstetric/methods , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Labor, Obstetric , Episiotomy , Evidence-Based Practice/methods , Maternal Health/classification
8.
Rev. chil. anest ; 50(3): 506-510, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525728

ABSTRACT

Tracheal injury can occur as a rare complication of endotracheal intubation, associated with multiple anatomical and mechanical factors that have been described; however, the actual incidence is unknown due to the few series of documented cases that are reported worldwide. It is considered a fatal complication when it occurs and a diagnosis is not established in a timely manner. We present the case of a patient with active SARS-CoV-2 infection and a history of congenital malformation, who presented a tracheal lesion secondary to reintubation as a radiological finding.


La lesión traqueal puede ocurrir como complicación rara de una intubación endotraqueal, asociada a múltiples factores que han sido descritos de tipo anatómico y mecánico, sin embargo, la incidencia real se desconoce por las pocas series de casos documentados que se reportan a nivel mundial. Considera como una complicación mortal cuando se presenta y no se establece un diagnóstico de forma oportuna. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con infección activa de SARS-CoV-2 y antecedente de malformación congénita, que presentó como hallazgo radiológico una lesión traqueal secundaria a reintubación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tracheal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Wounds and Injuries/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19 , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Trachea/injuries , Trachea/diagnostic imaging , Tracheal Diseases/etiology , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Fatal Outcome , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200139, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1124787

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo realizar avaliação clínica e sociodemográfica de pacientes com úlceras de perna. Método estudo transversal, quantitativo, com 105 pacientes com úlceras de perna em ambulatórios da rede pública de Niterói/RJ, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal Fluminense. Os dados foram coletados no período de janeiro a agosto de 2019, analisados por estatística descritiva e dispostos em tabelas. Resultados pacientes do sexo masculino (57,1%), de 60 a 80 anos (60%), com ensino fundamental incompleto (45,7%), renda de até 1 salário mínimo (64,8%). A maioria das lesões foi de etiologia venosa (76,2%), de tempo igual ou superior a 40 meses (54,3%), com tamanho maior que 10cm2 (53,3%), apresentando exsudato seroso (91,4%) em pequena quantidade (40%) e predominância de tecido granulado (36,2%). A dor foi um achado frequente, relacionada com a posição do membro (31,4%). Conclusão e implicações para a prática o conhecimento do perfil da população acompanhada e das características clínicas das lesões favorece a otimização do tratamento, permitindo um planejamento específico da assistência de enfermagem.


RESUMEN Objetivo realizar evaluación clínica y sociodemográfica de pacientes con úlceras de piernas. Método estudio transversal, cuantitativo, con 105 pacientes con úlceras de piernas en clínicas públicas en Niterói/RJ, aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidade Federal Fluminense. Los datos fueron recolectados de enero a agosto de 2019, analizados por estadística descriptiva y presentados en tablas. Resultados pacientes del sexo masculino (57.1%), de 60 a 80 años (60%), con educación primaria incompleta (45.7%), ingresos de hasta 1 salario mínimo (64.8%). La mayoría de las lesiones fueron de etiología venosa (76,2%), con una duración de 40 meses o más (54,3%), con un tamaño superior a 10 cm2 (53,3%), presentando exudado seroso (91,4%) en pequeña cantidad (40%) y predominio de tejido granulado (36,2%). El dolor fue un síntoma frecuente, relacionado con la posición del miembro (31,4%). Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el conocimiento del perfil de la población monitoreada y las características clínicas de las lesiones favorecen la optimización del tratamiento, lo que permite una planificación específica de la atención de enfermería.


ABSTRACT Objective to perform clinical and sociodemographic evaluation of patients with leg ulcers. Method cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed with 105 patients with leg ulcers in public outpatient clinics located in Niterói/RJ, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Medical School of Universidade Federal Fluminense. Data were collected from January to August 2019, analyzed by descriptive statistics and organized in tables. Results most were male patients (57.1%), aged between 60-80 years (60%), with incomplete primary education (45.7%) and monthly income up to 1 minimum wage (64.8%). Most ulcers were of venous etiology (76.2%), present for 40 months or more (54.3%), with size greater than 10cm2 (53.3%), having serous exudate (91.4%) in small quantity (40%) and predominance of granulation tissue (36.2%). Pain was a frequent finding, related with the leg position (31.4%). Conclusion and implications for practice the knowledge of the population profile and clinical characteristics of wounds favors treatment optimization, allowing specific nursing care planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Leg Ulcer/etiology , Pain , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors , Venous Insufficiency/complications , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Health Profile , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Edema/complications , Exudates and Transudates , Granulation Tissue , Hypertension/complications
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(2): 107-112, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092900

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción Las cárceles constituyen un foco de violencia inherente y un ambiente propicio de lesiones traumáticas. Objetivo Describir el perfil de ingreso y evolución de personas privadas de libertad hospitalizadas en nivel terciario por trauma acontecido en 2 complejos penitenciarios, que ingresan a nuestro Servicio. Materiales y Método Estudio descriptivo, incluyó la revisión de fichas clínicas en nuestro hospital (HUAP), durante el periodo entre agosto de 2009 y diciembre de 2016. Resultados 88 consultas de personas privadas de libertad, donde se obtuvieron 46 consultas por lesiones traumáticas. Se observó una distribución simétrica para las variables edad, presión arterial media, frecuencia cardíaca, hematocrito, hemoglobina y recuento de leucocitos. El sitio del trauma más frecuente fue el tórax y el abdomen (incluyendo cara anterior y posterior completa), cada uno con 18 pacientes (39,13% cada uno). El diagnóstico de ingreso más frecuente fue neumotórax en doce sujetos. Los principales tratamientos efectuados fueron 16 laparotomías exploradoras (34,78; IC 95%: 22,68 a 49,23) y 12 pleurostomías (26,09; IC 95%: 15,60 a 40,26). La duración de la hospitalización distribuyó en forma asimétrica, con mediana de 3 días. Tuvimos 6 reingresos (13,04%) en los primeros 30 días posteriores al alta y una mortalidad. Conclusiones Los hechos de violencia en estos 2 centros penitenciarios en Santiago, son un diagnóstico que se presenta en la urgencia de nuestro hospital, con lesiones de distinta gravedad y tratamiento. Resulta necesario adelantarse a estos escenarios, donde ahora sabemos que gran parte de ellos necesitará algún procedimiento o intervención.


Background Prisons are a source of inherent violence and an environment conducive to traumatic injuries. Aim The objective of this paper is to describe the income and evolution profile of hospitalized people deprived of liberty at the tertiary level due to trauma that occurred in two prison detention centers in Santiago, that enters our service. Materials and Method Descriptive study, included the review of clinical records in our hospital, during the period between August 2009 and December 2016. Results 88 consultations of people deprived of liberty, where 46 consultations for traumatic injuries were obtained. A symmetric distribution was observed for the variables age, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, hematocrit, hemoglobin and leukocyte count. The most frequent trauma site was the thorax and abdomen (including front face and full back), each with 18 patients (39.13% each). The most frequent diagnosis of admission was pneumothorax in twelve subjects. The main treatments were 16 exploratory laparotomies (34.78, 95% CI: 22.68 to 49.23) and 12 pleurostomies (26.09, 95% CI: 15.60 to 40.26). The duration of hospitalization distributed asymmetrically, with a median of 3 days. We had 6 readmissions (13.04%) in the first 30 days after discharge and one mortality. Conclusions The violence in this two prison detention centers, in Santiago, is a diagnosis that appears in the urgency of our hospital, with lesions of different severity and treatment. It is necessary to anticipate these scenarios, where we now know that a large part of them will need some procedure or intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Prisons , Thoracic Injuries/epidemiology , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2001, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126492

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Describe the clinical management of an atypical Le Fort I fracture case. Case presentation: A 33-year-old patient was brought to the Surgical and Maxillofacial Traumatology Service of Humberto Lucena Senatorial Emergency and Trauma Hospital in Joao Pessoa (PB), Brazil, after undergoing physical aggression. The patient was conscious and lucid. Clinical examination revealed sinking of the middle third of the face with edema and bilateral periorbital ecchymosis. Visual acuity and ocular motricity were preserved in both eyes. A cut-contusion injury on the upper lip, maxillary mobility when handled and discrete occlusal dystopia were also observed. Imaging examination identified a high bilateral Le Fort I fracture. The therapeutic approach chosen was fracture reduction and fixation with plates and screws. After a period of two months, the patient is healing well without any apparent functional or aesthetic alteration. Conclusions: Atypical Le Fort I fractures are not frequent; however, a number of etiologies besides the impact force may bring about them. Treatment should be based on the one for classical Le Fort I fractures with adjustments to the surgical access approach(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir los manejos clínicos realizados en una víctima de fractura de Le Fort I atípica. Reporte de caso: Un hombre de 33 años fue llevado al Servicio de Traumatología Quirúrgica y Maxilofacial del Hospital de Trauma y Emergencias Senatorial Humberto Lucena - Joao Pessoa (PB), Brasil, víctima de agresión física. El paciente estaba consciente y lúcido. Clínicamente, se observó hundimiento del tercio medio de su cara con edema y equimosis periorbital bilateral. La agudeza visual y la motricidad ocular se conservaron en ambos ojos. También se observaron herida constuso-cortante en el labio superior, movilidad maxilar cuando se manipula y discreta distopia oclusal. El examen de imagen identificó una fractura bilateral alta de Le Fort I. El enfoque terapéutico elegido fue la reducción de la fractura y la fijación con placas y tornillos. Después de un período de 2 meses, el paciente está evolucionando bien sin aparentes alteraciones funcionales o estéticas. Conclusiones: las fracturas atípicas de Le Fort I no son frecuentes, sin embargo, diferentes etiologías añadidas a la fuerza de impacto pueden justificarlas. El tratamiento debe basarse en las fracturas clásicas de Le Fort I con ajustes en el abordaje de acceso quirúrgico(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Fractures, Bone/therapy , Fracture Fixation/methods , Contusions/therapy
12.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(1): e20170738, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1057749

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the nursing team knowledge of a cancer hospital on care for patients with Malignant Fungating Wounds (MFW) and to analyze associated sociodemographic and educational factors. Method: an observational and cross-sectional study, conducted between September and October 2015, after approval by the Research Ethics Committee. A questionnaire was applied containing sociodemographic, educational and related components to the accomplishment of dressings, dressings choice and orientation. Data were analyzed by using Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, Student's t-Test and Pearson's correlation. Results: 37 professionals participated in the study, most of whom were technicians (56.8%), women (91.9%) and with a mean age of 32 years. The professionals presented 56.5% of correct answers. There were no statistically significant associations between sociodemographic/educational variables and number of correct answers. Conclusion: there was a lack of important knowledge about care for patients with MFW, which should guide strategies for the oncology staff training.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el conocimiento del equipo de enfermería de un hospital oncológico sobre el cuidado de pacientes con Úlceras Neoplásicas Malignas (UNM) y analizar factores sociodemográficos y educativos asociados. Método: estudio observacional y transversal, realizado entre septiembre y octubre de 2015, tras la aprobación por el Comité de Ética en Investigación. Se aplicó un cuestionario que contenía componentes sociodemográficos, educativos y relacionados con la realización de curativos, elección de coberturas y orientación. Los datos fueron analizados a través del Test Qui-Cuadrado, Exacto de Fisher, Test t de Student y correlación de Pearson. Resultados: en el estudio 37 profesionales, siendo la mayoría técnicos (56,8%), mujeres (91,9%) y con edad media de 32 años. Los profesionales presentaron un 56,5% de aciertos. No hubo asociaciones estadísticamente significativas entre variables sociodemográficas/educativas y número de aciertos. Conclusión: se observó déficit de conocimientos importantes sobre el cuidado de pacientes con UNM, lo que debió orientar estrategias para capacitación de los equipos actuantes en Oncología.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o conhecimento da equipe de enfermagem de um hospital oncológico sobre o cuidado de pacientes com Feridas Neoplásicas Malignas (FNM) e analisar fatores sociodemográficos e educacionais associados. Método: estudo observacional e transversal, realizado entre setembro e outubro de 2015, após aprovação por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Foi aplicado questionário contendo componentes sociodemográficos, educacionais e relacionados à realização de curativos, escolha de coberturas e orientação. Os dados foram analisados por meio do Teste Qui-Quadrado, Exato de Fisher, Teste t de Student e correlação de Pearson. Resultados: participaram do estudo 37 profissonais, sendo a maioria técnicos (56,8%), mulheres (91,9%) e com idade média de 32 anos. Os profissionais apresentaram 56,5% de acertos. Não houve associações estatisticamente significativas entre variáveis sociodemográficas/educacionais e número de acertos. Conclusão: observou-se déficit de conhecimentos importantes sobre o cuidado de pacientes com FNM, o que deve nortear estratégias para capacitação das equipes atuantes em Oncologia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Invasive Fungal Infections/complications , Nursing, Team/methods , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Wounds and Injuries/physiopathology , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Clinical Competence/standards , Clinical Competence/statistics & numerical data , Invasive Fungal Infections/nursing , Nursing, Team/trends
13.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200015, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092604

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivo: Estudar fatores associados à perda de produtividade em pessoas envolvidas em acidentes de trânsito (AT). Métodos: Realizou-se uma coorte prospectiva de base comunitária no município de Jequié, Bahia, Brasil, entre 2013 e 2015. Foi aplicado instrumento de coleta em forma de formulário em participantes que se envolviam em AT, seguido de entrevistas a cada quatro meses. Investigou-se, por meio da análise bivariada e multivariável, a associação entre perda de produtividade e variáveis sociodemográficas e ocupacionais, condições de saúde e gravidade das lesões. Resultados: Observaram-se incidência cumulativa de perda de produtividade de 61,1% e densidade de incidência geral de 7,45 casos/100 pessoas/mês. A análise multivariável demonstrou associação com perda de produtividade para quem utilizava o veículo como instrumento de trabalho (razão de densidade de incidência - RDI = 4,23; intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) = 2,90 - 6,17) e aqueles que apresentaram lesão corporal (RDI = 2,80; IC95% = 1,62 - 4,85). Conclusão: São necessárias políticas públicas que assegurem a segurança no trânsito a fim de minimizar os efeitos dos AT sobre a produtividade, além da realização de novos estudos na área para ampliar o conhecimento sobre o tema.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To study associated factors with loss productivity in people involved road traffic accidents (RTA). Methods: The population based cohort study was conducted in Jequié, Brazil between 2013 to 2015. The instrument for interview was used in people involved in RTA and interview in four months. Individuals, occupational, health conditions, injury and support variables were used for bivariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The cumulative incidence was loss productivity was 61.1% and density incidence of 7.45 cases/100 person-month. Multivariate analysis showed association for injury (IDR = 4.23; 95%CI = 2.90 - 6.17) and vehicle used with work instrument (IDR = 2.80; 95%CI = 1.62 - 4.85). Conclusion: Public policies are needed to ensure traffic safety in order to minimize the effects of RTA about productivity and to carry news studies to expand knowledge about loss productivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Automobile Driving/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/economics , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Cost of Illness , Sick Leave/statistics & numerical data , Efficiency , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Brazil , Trauma Severity Indices , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Sick Leave/economics , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202408, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136571

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o perfil epidemiológico das vítimas de trauma atendidas em um hospital de referência no município de Curitiba (PR), bem como investigar os mecanismos do trauma, além de avaliar os escores de gravidade. Métodos: estudo descritivo observacional transversal, cujos dados foram obtidos através da aplicação de questionário em vítimas atendidas na sala de emergência, entre dezembro de 2016 e fevereiro de 2018. Resultados: foram incluídos no estudo 1354 vítimas de trauma, das quais 60% tiveram como transporte pré-hospitalar o Serviço Integrado de Atendimento ao Trauma em Emergência (SIATE), e 40%, o Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência (SAMU). Quanto ao sexo, 70% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A média de idade foi de 39,48 anos. Sobre o horário e dia dos atendimentos, a maior proporção se concentrou no período noturno na sexta-feira. Quanto ao mecanismo do trauma, nos pacientes atendidos pelo SIATE, o mais frequente em homens foi a colisão de motocicleta (34,3%), enquanto que em mulheres foi a queda de mesmo nível (21,42%). Já no SAMU, o mecanismo mais frequente independentemente do sexo foi queda de mesmo nível (20,06% e 40,66%, respectivamente). Analisando-se os escores de gravidade, observou-se que 95,5% dos pacientes eram classificados como leves pela escala de coma de Glasgow. Conclusões: o perfil das vítimas analisadas neste grande estudo muito se assemelha a outros estudos nacionais menores: homens, jovens, vítimas de acidentes de trânsito. A população economicamente ativa, portanto, é a mais afetada, refletindo em alto custo para a sociedade.


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the epidemiological profile of trauma patients admitted to a referral hospital in Curitiba (PR). Also, to investigate trauma mechanisms and to evaluate trauma severity scores. Methods: descriptive observational cross-sectional study. Data were collected by applying a questionnaire to victims admitted in the emergency room from December 2016 to February 2018. Results: a total of 1354 trauma victims were included in the study, of which 60% were transported by SIATE and 40% by SAMU. Regarding gender, 70% of the patients were male. The mean age was 39.48 years. About the time and day of the calls, the largest proportion was concentrated on Friday night. In relation to the mechanism of trauma, in patients transported by SIATE, the most frequent in men was motorcycle collision (34.3%), while in women was same-level fall (21.42%). In SAMU, the most frequent mechanism regardless of gender was same-level fall (20.06% and 40.66%, respectively). Analyzing the severity scores, it was observed that 95.5% of the patients were classified as mild by the Glasgow Coma Scale. Conclusion: the profile of trauma victims analyzed in this large study is quite similar to what other national smaller studies have already described: young men victims of traffic accidents. Therefore, the economically active population is the most affected, reflecting in high cost to society.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Injury Severity Score , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 25(1): 11-15, 20190000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358033

ABSTRACT

El conocimiento del proceso de cicatrización normal y patológica es fundamental para todas las especialidades médicas y quirúrgicas que tratan heridas agudas y crónicas, ya que del efecto de estos procesos dependerá el resultado final del tratamiento quirúrgico. En cada tejido y órgano dentro del organismo existen diferentes mecanismos que regulan la función y homeostasis celular, como sucede en el proceso de cicatrización, en donde participan y contribuyen una serie de fases y factores mediados por células y señales químicas. Una cicatrización aceptable es aquella que deja una adecuada cicatriz externa, devuelve la normalidad anatómica y funcional del tejido, con lo que se espera llegar a tener un resultado final con éxito; Sin embargo se debe entender que este proceso es complejo, y pueden también existir variantes anormales, determinadas por ciertos factores que intervienen para dar resultado a una cicatriz patológica, para lo cual existen diferentes tipos de tratamientos específicos y coadyuvantes para cada una de ellas. Objetivo: Conocer los conceptos actuales en el abordaje y tratamiento de la cicatrización normal y patológica, ofreciendo al cirujano una guía práctica basada en los fundamentos de las investigaciones científicas actuales. Material y métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de artículos recientes acerca de cicatrización publicados entre 2010 a 2018, con alto nivel de evidencia


The knowledge of normal and pathological wound healing process is essential for all the medical and surgical specialties that treat acute and chronic wounds, because the final result will depend on the effect of these processes. In each tissue and organ within the organism there are different mechanisms that regulate cellular function and homeostasis, as in the wound healing process, where a series of phases and factors mediated by cells and chemical signals participate. Acceptable wound healing, although it leaves an external scar, restores the anatomical and functional homeostasis of the tissue,which is expected to have a successful result; However, it must be understood that this is a complex process, and therefore may also exist abnormal variants, determined by certain factors that lead to pathological wound healing, hence different types of treatments and coadjuvants therapies are available. Objective: Comprehend the current concepts in the approach and treatment of normal and pathological wound healing, offering the surgeon a practical guide based on state of the art evidence, Material and Methods: A literature review of recent articles published between 2010 and 2018 was carried out, with a high level of evidence


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics/methods , Wound Healing/physiology , Wounds and Injuries/classification , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Hemostasis
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 433-436, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985031

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics and patterns of factors such as victims' information, injury tools and time of occurrence of intentional injury cases in southwest China. Methods One thousand three hundred and forty intentional injury cases from several places in southwest China from 2014 to 2016 assessed as minor injury level Ⅱ and above had been randomly selected. Data on victims' information, motives, injury tools, sites of occurrence, time of occurrence, injured parts and degrees of injury were classified and gathered, and then association analyses of motives and types of injury tools as well as degrees of injury and injury tools were made. Results Most of the victims were young adults between 20-50 years (65.2%), male (82.3%), rural household registration (62.8%); the motives were mainly dispute (45.8%). Injury tools were mostly blunt (54.6%) or sharp (36.0%). Specifically, injuries were mostly made bare-handed (36.9%) and by cutting tools (33.2%); the cases mainly occurred in public areas (59.0%). Cases occurred more frequently in January (11.3%), February (13.1%), March (11.6%) and from 22:00 to 01:00 every night. Injuries mainly involved the craniofacial region. The wounds were mainly assessed as minor injury level Ⅱ (61.6%). There was statistical significance in the difference of types of injury tools among cases with different motives (P<0.05). There was statistical significance in the difference of the distribution of injury tools among cases with different degrees of injury (P<0.05). Conclusion The occurrence of intentional injury cases in southwest China has potential patterns and relevant influencing factors. Prevention and analysis of such cases need to be comprehensively considered from the aspects such as victims' information, injury tools and time of occurrence.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Age Distribution , China , Motivation , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Violence , Wounds and Injuries/etiology
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(11): e8567, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039265

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the analgesic effect of local application of compound lidocaine/prilocaine cream on cancer wounds during wound care in order to reduce the amount of morphine intake or completely replace the systemic morphine administration and optimize the protocol for cancer wound pain management. All patients were enrolled with a visual analog scale (VAS) pain score ≥4. Before wound care, 60 patients were randomly divided into 2 groups of 30 each: morphine group (10 mg tablet); topical 5% compound lidocaine cream group (0.2 g/cm2). VAS scores, heart rate, and Kolcaba comfort level were recorded for the two groups 10 min before and 10, 15, 20, and 25 min after wound care and data were analyzed statistically. The means for the pain score and heart rate of the topical lidocaine/prilocaine cream group were lower than those of the morphine group (P<0.01) and the Kolcaba comfort level was higher (P<0.01). Local dermal application of the compound lidocaine cream can be used as an alternative to the systemic morphine administration in cancer wound care for its safety and effectiveness. In addition, it can improve the patients' comfort and quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Wounds and Injuries/drug therapy , Anesthetics, Combined/administration & dosage , Pain Management/methods , Lidocaine, Prilocaine Drug Combination/administration & dosage , Neoplasms/complications , Quality of Life , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(supl.2): 177-183, 2019. tab
Article in English | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1057663

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the prevalence and factors associated with falls in the elderly population living in rural areas. Method: this is a cross-sectional study, carried out in 2014, with 820 older adults recorded in the Family Health Strategy (Estratégia Saúde da Família). The association between the reporting of falls in 12 months and their associated factors was verified by the Chi-square and Fischer's exact tests and by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: the majority of the sample was female (56.1%), white (90.2%) and aged 60-69 years (54.9%). The prevalence of falls was 27.9%, and being female, hypertensive and diabetic was associated to falls. Conclusion: it is the responsibility of health professionals to have a closer look at the elderly who have these chronic diseases, especially within the scope of the Family Health Strategy, which works longitudinally with these patients, in addition to improving nursing care aimed at this population.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar la prevalencia y los factores asociados con las caídas en la población anciana residente en el campo. Método: estudio transversal, realizado en el 2014 con 820 ancianos registrados en la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia. La asociación entre el reporte de caídas en los últimos 12 meses y sus factores asociados se verificó por medio de la prueba chi-cuadrado, del test exacto de Fischer y del análisis multivariante con regresión logística. Resultados: la mayor parte de la muestra era del sexo femenino (56,1%), de piel blanca (90,2%) y grupo de edad de entre 60-69 años (54,9%). La prevalencia de caídas fue del 27,9%, siendo que las variables sexo femenino, ser hipertenso y diabético estuvieron asociadas a las caídas. Conclusión: a los profesionales de salud les hace necesario mirar más detenidamente los ancianos que presentan estas enfermedades crónicas, especialmente en el marco de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia, que trabaja de forma longitudinal con esos pacientes, además mejorar los cuidados de enfermería durante la atención a esa población.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados a quedas na população idosa residente em zona rural. Método: estudo transversal, realizado no ano de 2014, com 820 idosos cadastrados na Estratégia Saúde da Família. A associação entre o relato de quedas em 12 meses e seus fatores associados foi verificada pelos testes qui-quadrado, exato de Fischer e análise multivariada por meio de regressão logística. Resultados: a maior parte da amostra era do sexo feminino (56,1%), de pele branca (90,2%) e faixa etária de 60-69 anos (54,9%). A prevalência de quedas foi de 27,9%, sendo as variáveis sexo feminino, ser hipertenso e diabético associadas às quedas. Conclusão: compete aos profissionais da saúde ter um olhar mais atento sobre os idosos que apresentam essas doenças crônicas, especialmente no âmbito da Estratégia de Saúde da Família, que trabalha de forma longitudinal com esses pacientes, além de aperfeiçoar os cuidados de enfermagem voltados para atendimento a essa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rural Population/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20180483, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1014137

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Reconhecer as tecnologias educacionais utilizadas no processo de atualização dos enfermeiros no cuidado à pessoa com ferida oncológica de cabeça e pescoço. MÉTODOS Pesquisa qualitativa, exploratório-descritiva. Realizada com 12 enfermeiros, em um centro de referência oncológica do sul do país, em julho/2017. Por meio de uma entrevista semiestruturada e dados analisados pela Análise Temática de Minayo. RESULTADOS Resultou-se em duas categorias: "As implicações da atualização do enfermeiro" e "O uso de tecnologias educacionais no cotidiano do enfermeiro". Destaca-se neste contexto, a escassez da abordagem do conteúdo na formação dos enfermeiros, a importância da atualização dos profissionais por meio da educação permanente, evidenciando a pouca utilização de recursos tecnológicos para esta finalidade. CONCLUSÃO Sugere-se a integração do uso de tecnologias com a educação permanente, a fim de alcançar os diversos benefícios reconhecidos na prática profissional.


Resumen OBJETIVO Reconocer cómo las tecnologías educativas no se actualizan y no se preocupan por la oncología de cabeza y cuello. MÉTODOS Investigación cualitativa, exploratorio-descriptiva. Realizada con 12 enfermeros, en un centro de referencia oncológica del sur del país, en julio / 2017. Por medio de una entrevista semiestructurada y datos analizados por el Análisis Temático de Minayo. RESULTADOS Resultados de dos categorías: "Las técnicas de la actualización del enfermero" y "El uso de tecnologías educativas en el cotidiano del enfermero". Se destaca en este contexto una versión del presente en la formación de los estudiantes, ya que los datos de la enseñanza media son permanentes, evidenciando una pequeña utilización de recursos tecnológicos para esta finalidad. CONCLUSIÓN Se sugiere una integración del uso de tecnologías con la educación permanente, a fin de tornarse popular en la práctica profesional.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To recognize how educational technologies are not up-to-date and do not care about head and neck oncology. METHODS Qualitative, exploratory-descriptive research. Held with 12 nurses, at a cancer reference center in the south of the country, in July/2017. Through a semi-structured interview and data analyzed by Minayo Thematic Analysis. RESULTS Results of two categories: "The techniques of updating the nurse" and "The use of educational technologies in the nurses' daily life". In this context, a version of the present in the training of students stands out, since the data of secondary education are permanent, evidencing a small use of technological resources for this purpose. CONCLUSION It is suggested to integrate the use of technologies with lifelong education in order to become popular in professional practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oncology Nursing/education , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Educational Technology , Education, Nursing, Continuing/methods , Head and Neck Neoplasms/nursing , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Cancer Care Facilities , Qualitative Research , Head and Neck Neoplasms/complications , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20180285, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1014139

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Descrever as características dos idosos atendidos no pronto-socorro de um hospital de ensino em decorrência de queda. MÉTODO Estudo descritivo, quantitativo, transversal, realizado no pronto-socorro de um hospital. Os dados foram coletados no mês de novembro de 2017, no prontuário de 1.460 idosos, com registro de queixa principal relacionado à queda. Foi realizada análise descritiva dos dados. RESULTADOS Os principais resultados demonstram que a maioria dos idosos era do sexo feminino (66,92%), com idade acima de 80 anos (27,27%), solteiros (41,37%) e hipertensos (78,79%). 88,56% tiveram queda do mesmo nível, tendo como principal consequência o trauma (55,65%) e 66,30% receberam alta após consulta. CONCLUSÃO As características dos idosos foram: sexo feminino, idade acima de 80 anos, estado civil solteiro, e presença de hipertensão arterial. O tipo de queda mais frequente foi do mesmo nível, sendo o trauma a principal consequência e a alta após consulta o desfecho mais apontado.


Resumen OBJETIVO Describir las características de los ancianos atendidos en el pronto socorro de un hospital de enseñanza como consecuencia de la caída. MÉTODO Estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo, transversal, realizado en el centro de atención de un hospital. Los datos fueron recogidos en el mes de noviembre de 2017, en el prontuario de 1.460 ancianos, que tenían registro de queja principal relacionado a la caída. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos. RESULTADOS Los principales resultados demuestran que la mayoría de los ancianos era del sexo femenino (66,92%), con edad superior a 80 años (27,27%), solteros (41,37%) e hipertensos (78,79%). El 88,56% tuvo caída del mismo nivel, teniendo como principal consecuencia el trauma (55,65%) y el 66,30% recibieron alta tras consulta. CONCLUSIÓN Las características de los ancianos fueron: sexo femenino, edad superior a 80 años, estado civil soltero, y presencia de hipertensión arterial. El tipo de caída más frecuente fue del mismo nivel, siendo el trauma la principal consecuencia y la alta después de consultar el desenlace más señalado.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To describe the characteristics of elderly patients attended in a teaching hospital emergency room due to falls. METHOD Descriptive, quantitative, cross-sectional study performed at a hospital emergency room. The data was collected in November 2017, considering the medical records of 1.460 elderly patients, with a registry related to fall as the main complain. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed. RESULTS The main results show that most elders were female (66.92%), older than 80 years old (27.27%), single (41.37%), and hypertensive (78.79%). Falls from ground level comprised 88.56% and their main consequence was trauma (55.65%). 66.30% were discharged after consultation. CONCLUSION The characteristics of the elderly were: female, age above 80 years old, single, and hypertensive. The most frequent type of fall was from ground level, traumas were the main consequences and the discharge after consulting the most common outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Emergency Service, Hospital , Middle Aged
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL