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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970970


PURPOSE@#To develop animal models of penetrating thoracic injuries and to observe the effects of the animal model-based training on improving the trainees' performance for emergent and urgent thoracic surgeries.@*METHODS@#With a homemade machine, animal models of lung injuries and penetrating heart injuries were produced in porcine and used for training of chest tube drainage, urgent sternotomy, and emergent thoracotomy. Coefficient of variation of abbreviated injury scale and blood loss was calculated to judge the reproducibility of animal models. Five operation teams from basic-level hospitals (group A) and five operation teams from level III hospitals (group B) were included to be trained and tested. Testing standards for the operations were established after thorough literature review, and expert questionnaires were employed to evaluate the scientificity and feasibility of the testing standards. Tests were carried out after the training. Pre- and post-training performances were compared. Post-training survey using 7-point Likert scale was taken to evaluate the feelings of the trainees to these training approaches.@*RESULTS@#Animal models of the three kinds of penetrating chest injuries were successfully established and the coefficient of variation of abbreviated injury scale and blood loss were all less than 25%. After literature review, testing standards were established, and expert questionnaire results showed that the scientific score was 7.30 ± 1.49, and the feasibility score was 7.50 ± 0.89. Post-training performance was significantly higher in both group A and group B than pre-training performance. Post-training survey showed that all the trainees felt confident in applying the operations and were generally agreed that the training procedure were very helpful in improving operation skills for thoracic penetrating injury.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Animal model-based simulation training established in the current study could improve the trainees' performance for emergent and urgent thoracic surgeries, especially of the surgical teams from basic-level hospitals.

Animals , Swine , Reproducibility of Results , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Hemorrhage , Models, Animal
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(3): 1-8, sept. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518737


Impalement injuries are a complex and rare type of penetrating abdominal trauma that happens when an object such as a post or a pole penetrates a person injuring several organs, making it a life-threatening situation in which time and correct management play an important part in the survival of the patient. A 37-year-old man suffered abdominal impalement injury with a metal signal post, penetrating the left flank of the abdomen. On examination, there is a hypoventilated left hemithorax with intercostal retractions, increased heart rate, weak distal pulses, delayed capillary refill, and pale skin. A 1-meter-long metal post (approximately 7cm diameter) penetrates the left flank with the entry in the posterior lumbar region. Abdominal viscera, omentum, intestinal content, and ischemic loops of the small intestine are visible. An exploratory laparotomy was performed; left hemicolectomy, end colostomy and Hartmann procedure, resection of the affected jejunum, and end-to-end anastomosis were performed. On the ninth postoperative day, an abdominal tomography was performed due to the presence of fever peaks, which reported thrombosis of the left renal artery and emphysematous pyelonephritis, with the presence of a left pararenal collection. A simple left nephrectomy was performed. Postoperative surveillance was satisfactory during the following 5 days. The patient was discharged. An impaled injury is a complex lesion that needs special attention from the medical field for correct management. Although there is some literature about it, we encourage more research to be done about impalement injuries.

Las lesiones por empalamiento son un tipo de traumatismo abdominal penetrante complejo y raro de que se produce cuando un objeto, como un poste o una vara, penetra a una persona lesionando varios órganos, lo que la convierte en una situación potencialmente mortal en la que el tiempo y el manejo correcto juegan un papel importante en la supervivencia del paciente. Un hombre de 37 años sufrió una herida por empalamiento abdominal con un poste de señales de metal, penetrando el flanco izquierdo del abdomen. A la exploración física, hay un hemitórax izquierdo hipoventilado con retracciones intercostales, aumento de la frecuencia cardíaca, pulsos distales débiles, relleno capilar retrasado y piel pálida. Un poste metálico de 1 metro de largo (aproximadamente 7 cm de diámetro) penetra el flanco izquierdo con entrada en la región lumbar posterior. Son visibles las vísceras abdominales, el epiplón, el contenido intestinal y las asas isquémicas del intestino delgado. Se realizó una laparotomía exploradora; Se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda, colostomía terminal y procedimiento de Hartmann, resección del yeyuno afectado y anastomosis terminoterminal. Al noveno día postoperatorio se realiza tomografía abdominal por presencia de picos febriles, que reporta trombosis de arteria renal izquierda y pielonefritis enfisematosa, con presencia de colección pararrenal izquierda. Se realizó nefrectomía izquierda simple. La vigilancia postoperatoria fue satisfactoria durante los siguientes 5 días. El paciente fue dado de alta. Una lesión por empalamiento es una lesión compleja que necesita una atención especial desde el ámbito médico para su correcto manejo. Aunque existe cierta literatura al respecto, alentamos a que se realicen más investigaciones sobre estas lesiones.

Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Kidney/injuries
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223120, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365399


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe, analyze, and trace the epidemiological profile for cardiac trauma victims on a referral trauma hospital of a major urban center. Methods: a case series study to review, describe, compile and analyze medical records of all patients sustaining traumatic cardiac injuries, from January 2015 to January 2020 admitted to the referral trauma hospital of Curitiba, Brazil. Patients sustaining traumatic heart injuries were identified using the hospitals database. Patients who died prior to reaching hospital care were excluded. Results: all 22 cases were urban victims, mostly penetrating injuries (12 stab wounds, 9 gunshot wounds); 82% were male; mean age, 37.1 years. 17 cases (77%) occurred during night hours, 15 between Friday and Sunday, and 15 were admitted hemodynamically stable. Only 27% were diagnosed with FAST, the remainder requiring other imaging exams. About incisions, 14 had thoracotomies, 6 median sternotomies and in 2 cases both. Of injuries, 8 affected the right ventricle, 3 right atrium, 9 left ventricle, 1 right coronary sulcus and 1 anterior wall. All had cardiorrhaphy repair. 3 patients died, 17 were discharged and 2 were transferred. 17 received postoperative echocardiograms, revealing ejection fractions ranging 55.1% to 75%. Patients spent a mean of 9.6 days on ICU and a mean of 15.2 days of total hospital stay. The mortality rate was 14%. Conclusions: cardiac traumas predominantly occurred in adult males, due to violent causes, during night hours on weekends. The overall mortality rate found (14%), as well as total hospital stay, accords with the literature.

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever, analisar e traçar o perfil epidemiológico das vítimas de trauma cardíaco em hospital de referência em trauma de grande centro urbano. Métodos: uma série de casos para descrever e analisar prontuários de todos os pacientes que sofreram lesões cardíacas traumáticas, entre janeiro, 2015, a janeiro, 2020, admitidos no hospital referência em trauma de Curitiba, Brasil. Pacientes que sofreram lesões cardíacas traumáticas foram identificados no banco de dados do hospital. Pacientes em óbito antes da chegada aos cuidados hospitalares foram excluídos. Resultados: todos os 22 casos foram vítimas urbanas, maioria ferimentos penetrantes (12 por arma branca, 9 por arma de fogo); 82% homens; idade média 37.1 anos. 17 casos (77%) ocorreram no período noturno, 15 entre sexta-feira e domingo. 15 foram admitidos hemodinamicamente estáveis. 27% diagnosticados com FAST; demais demandaram outros exames. Das incisões, 14 receberam toracotomias, 6 esternotomias medianas, 2 casos ambas. Das lesões, 8 afetaram ventrículo direito, 3 átrio direito, 9 ventrículo esquerdo, 1 sulco coronário direito, 1 parede anterior. Todos receberam cardiorrafias. 3 pacientes morreram, 17 tiveram alta e 2 foram transferidos. 17 receberam ecocardiograma pós-operatório, revelando frações de ejeção de 55.1% a 75%. Os pacientes passaram em média 9.6 dias em UTI e 15.2 dias de internamento hospitalar total. A taxa de mortalidade foi de 14%. Conclusões: traumas cardíacos ocorreram predominantemente em homens adultos, devido a causas violentas, durante o período noturno nos finais de semana. A taxa de mortalidade encontrada, assim como o tempo total de internamento hospitalar, esteve em acordo com a literatura.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Stab , Referral and Consultation , Trauma Centers , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1427-1435, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352122


RESUMEN Las heridas craneocerebrales penetrantes más frecuentes son las provocadas por armas de fuego; las restantes resultan de rara frecuencia. Se presentó un caso que recibió agresión craneoencefálica por arpón, de forma accidental, fuera del agua. Se describieron los detalles del suceso, los exámenes complementarios, la conducta adoptada, el manejo neuroquirúrgico, y la sorprendente evolución postoperatoria del paciente (AU).

ABSTRACT The most frequent penetrating craniocerebral wounds are those caused by firearms; the remaining ones are rare. We presented a case that received accidental cranioencephalic aggression by harpoon, an event that occurred out of the water. Details of the event, complementary examinations, adopted behavior and neurosurgical management that were decided, as well as the surprising post-operative evolution of the patient were described (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Head Injuries, Penetrating/diagnosis , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging , Radiography/methods , Clinical Evolution/methods , Head Injuries, Penetrating/surgery , Head Injuries, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(4): 401-409, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388842


Resumen Introducción: El traumatismo penetrante cardíaco (TPC) es una lesión poco frecuente y con alta morbilidad y mortalidad. Objetivo: Analizar la evolución de características clínicas, anatómicas, gravedad, morbilidad y mortalidad de pacientes operados por TPC. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio analítico de pacientes tratados quirúrgicamente por TPC en Hospital Clínico Regional "Dr. Guillermo Grant Benavente", Concepción, Chile. Se analizaron los periodos: enero-1990 a diciembre-2004 y enero-2005 a diciembre-2019. Se comparó: sexo, edad, lesiones asociadas, agente y mecanismo del traumatismo, comportamiento fisiopatológico, ubicación anatómica de la lesión, clasificaciones del traumatismo cardíaco Attar, Saadia y OIS-AAST, IGT (índices de gravedad del traumatismo): ISS, RTS-T y TRISS, morbilidad y mortalidad según periodos. Se realizó análisis estadístico con SPSS25®, se utilizaron las pruebas chi-cuadrado, exacta de Fisher y Mann-Whitney. Se consideró significativo un valor p < 0,05. Resultados: Total 235 TPC, 112 en el primer periodo y 123 en el segundo. Mecanismo arma blanca en 96 (85,7%) y 104 (84,6%) según periodos. En el segundo periodo se observó un aumento de lesiones extratorácicas asociadas, paro cardiorrespiratorio y lesión de ubicación izquierda. Las clasificaciones del traumatismo cardíaco y los IGT ISS, RTS-T y TRISS mostraron mayor gravedad y probabilidad de muerte en los pacientes del segundo periodo. La mortalidad no mostró diferencias: 14 (12,5%) y 14 (11,4%) según periodos (p = 0,792). Discusión: En nuestra serie los pacientes tratados por TPC han evolucionado hacia un perfil de mayor gravedad tanto en parámetros fisiológicos como anatómicos. La mortalidad se ha mantenido estable a través del tiempo.

Background: Penetrating cardiac injury (PCI) is a rare injury with high morbidity and mortality. Aim: To analyze the evolution of clinical and anatomical characteristics, severity, morbidity and mortality of patients operated on by PCI. Materials and Methods: Analytical study of patients surgically treated for PCI at the "Guillermo Grant Benavente" Regional Clinical Hospital, Concepción, Chile. Two periods were analyzed: January-1990 to December-2004 and January-2005 to December-2019. Sex, age, associated injuries, trauma agent and mechanism, pathophysiological behavior, anatomic location of the injury, classifications of cardiac trauma: Attar, Saadia and OIS-AAST, TSI (trauma severity indices): ISS, RTS-T and TRISS, morbidity and mortality were compared according to periods. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS25®, the chi-square, Fisher exact and Mann-Whitney tests were used. A p value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Total 235 PCI, 112 in the first period and 123 in the second. Stab as mechanism in 96 (85.7%) and 104 (84.6%) according to periods. An increase in associated extra thoracic injuries, cardiorespiratory arrest, and injury to the left location were observed in the second period. The cardiac trauma classifications and the TSI ISS, RTS-T and TRISS showed greater severity and probability of death in the second period patients. Mortality did not show differences: 14 (12.5%) and 14 (11.4%) according to periods, p = 0.792. Discussion: In our series, patients treated with PCI have evolved towards a more severity profile in both, physiological and anatomical parameters. Mortality has been stable over time.

Humans , Male , Female , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Heart Injuries/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Wounds, Penetrating/complications , Heart Atria/injuries , Heart Injuries/epidemiology
Colomb. med ; 51(4): e4134365, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154009


Abstract The liver is the most commonly affected solid organ in cases of abdominal trauma. Management of penetrating liver trauma is a challenge for surgeons but with the introduction of the concept of damage control surgery accompanied by significant technological advancements in radiologic imaging and endovascular techniques, the focus on treatment has changed significantly. The use of immediately accessible computed tomography as an integral tool for trauma evaluations for the precise staging of liver trauma has significantly increased the incidence of conservative non-operative management in hemodynamically stable trauma victims with liver injuries. However, complex liver injuries accompanied by hemodynamic instability are still associated with high mortality rates due to ongoing hemorrhage. The aim of this article is to perform an extensive review of the literature and to propose a management algorithm for hemodynamically unstable patients with penetrating liver injury, via an expert consensus. It is important to establish a multidisciplinary approach towards the management of patients with penetrating liver trauma and hemodynamic instability. The appropriate triage of these patients, the early activation of an institutional massive transfusion protocol, and the early control of hemorrhage are essential landmarks in lowering the overall mortality of these severely injured patients. To fear is to fear the unknown, and with the management algorithm proposed in this manuscript, we aim to shed light on the unknown regarding the management of the patient with a severely injured liver.

Resumen El hígado es el órgano solido más comúnmente lesionado en casos de trauma abdominal. El manejo del trauma penetrante hepático es un dilema para los cirujanos. Sin embargo, con la introducción del concepto de la cirugía de control de daños y los avances tecnológicos en imagenología y técnicas endovasculares han permitido que el enfoque del tratamiento cambie. La disponibilidad inmediata de la tomografía computarizada permite estadificar el grado de la lesión e incrementar la posibilidad de un manejo conservador en pacientes hemodinámicamente estables con trauma hepático. El trauma hepático severo que se asocia con inestabilidad hemodinámica tiene una alta mortalidad debido a la hemorragia activa. El objetivo de este artículo es proponer un algoritmo de manejo producto de un consenso de expertos acerca del abordaje de los pacientes hemodinámicamente inestables con trauma hepático penetrante. El manejo debe ser por parte de un equipo multidisciplinario que comienza desde la evaluación inicial de los pacientes, la activación temprana de protocolo de transfusión masiva y el control temprano de la hemorragia, siendo estos aspectos esenciales para disminuir la mortalidad. El miedo a lo desconocido es el dilema quirúrgico donde existen pocas opciones y es imperante decisiones rápidas y oportunas; por esta razón, se propone dar una luz de guía sobre lo desconocido respecto al manejo del paciente con trauma hepático severo.

Humans , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Liver/surgery , Liver/injuries , Decision Trees
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 371-375, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138634


RESUMEN Las lesiones del tracto genital femenino tras relaciones sexuales son un problema frecuente en las urgencias de ginecología, pero poco estudiado salvo su aspecto médico-legal. Su incidencia es desconocida ya que muchas mujeres no llegan a consultar por miedo o pudor. El reconocimiento precoz de estas lesiones y su correcto tratamiento puede evitar la parición de secuelas que acompañarán a nuestra paciente durante el resto de su vida. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 18 años con un desgarro perineal con mucosa vaginal íntegra tras su primera relación sexual.

ABSTRACT Injuries to the female genital tract after sexual intercourse are a frequent problem in gynecological emergencies, but little studied except for their medico-legal aspect. Its incidence is unknown since many women do not go to their specialist out of fear or embarrassment. Early recognition of these injuries and their correct treatment may prevent the appearance of sequelae that will accompany our patient for the rest of her life. We present the case of an 18-year-old patient with a perineal tear with intact vaginal mucosa after her first sexual intercourse.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Vagina/injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/etiology , Coitus , Vagina/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/etiology , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Lacerations , Mucous Membrane/surgery , Mucous Membrane/injuries
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 43-47, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092889


Resumen Introducción Por su ubicación retroperitoneal, las lesiones de vena cava (LVC) son infrecuentes, presentándose en el contexto de un paciente con múltiples lesiones intraabdominales y en estado crítico. Objetivo Describir la experiencia de pacientes politraumatizados con LVC sometidos a resolución quirúrgica en Hospital Dr. Sotero del Río. Materiales y Método Análisis retrospectivo de 36 pacientes politraumatizados que dentro de la intervención quirúrgica se evidenció LVC en un período comprendido entre el 2010 y 2017. Resultados La serie estuvo compuesta por 36 pacientes, con LVC. El 88,8% son hombres, en el 97,2% el mecanismo de trauma es penetrante. Dentro de los niveles anatómicos vasculares más frecuentemente lesionados está la cava infrarrenal (41,6%), suprarrenal (25%), yuxtarrenal (22,2%) y la retrohepática e intratorácica (5,5% cada una). Las estructuras lesionadas asociadas más frecuentes fueron intestino delgado (38,8%), otros vasos de gran calibre (36,1%) y riñón (30,5%). Dentro del tipo de resolución quirúrgica, al 15,6% se realizó ligadura de vena cava y al 83,3% rafia simple. En 33,3% fue necesaria una toracotomía para el control vascular, siendo 2 de estas toracotomías resucitadoras. La media de hospitalización fue de 19,8 días. La mortalidad fue de 33,3%. Conclusiones De acuerdo a lo presentado, la alta mortalidad de LVC se encontró en el grupo de pacientes con inestabilidad hemodinámica y número de lesiones asociadas, en especial si involucran otros grandes vasos. Los esfuerzos para optimizar la supervivencia se deberían dirigir al traslado rápido prehospitalario y al entrenamiento de los cirujanos que enfrentan este tipo de lesiones.

Introduction For its retroperitoneal location, vena cava injuries are infrequent, however, occurring to a patient with multiple intra-abdominal injuries and in critical condition. Aim To describe the experience of polytraumatized patients with VCI who underwent surgical resolution in the Dr. Sotero del Rio hospital. Materials and Method Retrospective analysis of 36 polytraumatized patients that showed VCI during the surgical intervention within 2010 and 2017. Results The series was composed of 36 VCI patients. 88.8% are men, in 97.2% the mechanism of trauma is penetrating. Within the vascular anatomical levels, the most frequently injured are the infra-renal cava (41.6%) suprarenal (25%), yuxta-renal (22.2%) retro-hepatic and intrathoracic (5.5% each). The most frequent associated injured structures were the small intestine (38.8%) other vessels of large caliber (36.1%) and kidney (30.5%). In relation to the type of surgical resolution, 15.6% had a vena cava ligature and 83.3% simple raffia. In 33.3%, a thoracotomy was required for vascular control, two of them were resuscitative procedures. The average of hospitalization was 19.8 days. The mortality was 33.3%. Conclusions According to what presented, the high mortality of VCI was found in the group of patients with hemodynamic instability and the number of associated injuries; specially if other large vessels are involved. To optimize the survival, the efforts should be focused on a fast prehospital transfer and the training for surgeons who face this type of injury.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/injuries , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Time Factors , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Chile , Treatment Outcome , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/mortality
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202529, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136588


ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the epidemiological profile of patients undergoing exploratory trauma laparotomy based on severity and prognosis criteria, and to determine the predictive accuracy of trauma scoring systems in terms of morbidity and mortality. Methods: retrospective cohort study and review of medical records of patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy for blunt or penetrating trauma at the Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre, from November 2015 to November 2019. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, associated injuries, physiological (RTS and Shock Index), anatomical (ISS, NISS and ATI) and combined (TRISS and NTRISS) trauma scores, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications, length of stay and outcomes. Results: 506 patients were included in the analysis. The mean age was 31 ± 13 years, with the majority being males (91.3%). Penetrating trauma was the most common mechanism of injury (86.2%), predominantly by firearms. The average RTS at hospital admission was 7.5 ± 0.7. The mean ISS and NISS was 16.5 ± 10.1 and 22.3 ± 13.6, respectively. The probability of survival estimated by TRISS was 95.5%, and by NTRISS 93%. The incidence of postoperative complications was 39.7% and the overall mortality was 12.8%. The most accurate score for predicting mortality was the NTRISS (88.5%), followed by TRISS, NISS and ISS. Conclusion: the study confirms the applicability of trauma scores in the studied population. The NTRISS seems to be the best predictor of morbidity and mortality.

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma com base em critérios de gravidade e prognóstico, e determinar a acurácia preditiva dos escores de trauma em termos de morbimortalidade. Métodos: estudo de coorte retrospectiva e revisão de prontuários dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma contuso ou penetrante no Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre no período de novembro de 2015 a novembro de 2019. Foram avaliados dados demográficos, mecanismo do trauma, lesões associadas, índices fisiológicos (RTS e Shock Index), anatômicos (ISS, NISS e ATI) e mistos (TRISS e NTRISS), achados intraoperatórios, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo de internação e desfecho. Resultados: foram incluídos 506 pacientes na análise. A idade média foi de 31 ± 13 anos, com predomínio do sexo masculino (91,3%). O trauma penetrante foi o mecanismo de lesão mais comum (86,2%), sendo a maioria por arma de fogo. A média do RTS na admissão hospitalar foi 7,5 ± 0,7. A média do ISS e do NISS foi 16,5 ± 10,1 e 22,3 ± 13,6, respectivamente. A probabilidade de sobrevida estimada pelo TRISS foi de 95,5%, e pelo NTRISS de 93%. A incidência de complicações pós-operatórias foi de 39,7% e a mortalidade geral de 12,8%. O escore com melhor acurácia preditiva foi o NTRISS (88,5%), seguido pelo TRISS, NISS e ISS. Conclusões: o estudo confirma a aplicabilidade dos escores de trauma na população em questão. O NTRISS parece ser o sistema com melhor acurácia preditiva de morbimortalidade.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/epidemiology , Wounds, Penetrating/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Injury Severity Score , Trauma Severity Indices , Predictive Value of Tests , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology , Middle Aged
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 245-252, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058264


INTRODUCCIÓN: El traumatismo penetrante cardiaco (TPC) por sus características y en particular por su alta mortalidad, constituye un desafío quirúrgico permanente. OBJETIVOS: Describir las características, resultados inmediatos y factores pronósticos en TPC. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal, revisión de protocolos prospectivos de traumatismo torácico, registros de pabellón y fichas clínicas. Período enero de 1990-diciembre de 2017. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes con TPC operados. Se describen y analizan diversas variables. Se realizó regresión logística con análisis univariado y multivariado para identificar variables asociadas a morbilidad, deterioro neurológico y mortalidad. RESULTADOS: 220 pacientes operados por TPC, 209 (95,0%) hombres, edad promedio 30,4 ± 13,3, mediana 27 años. Mecanismo: agresión en 202 (91,8%). El agente traumático fue en 186 (84,5%) arma blanca, en 21 (9,5%) arma de fuego. Presentaban taponamiento 169 (76,8%) pacientes, ingresaron en shock 103 (46,8%) y en paro cardiorrespiratorio 20 (9,1%). Vía de abordaje fue esternotomía en 157 (71,4%), toracotomía izquierda en 58 (26,4%). Las cavidades cardiacas lesionadas más frecuentes fueron ventrículo derecho en 110 (50,0%), ventrículo izquierdo en 72 (32,7%). Se hospitalizaron en UCI en el postoperatorio 135 (61,4%), se transfundieron 74 (33,6%), presentaron complicaciones 60 (27,3%) y se reoperaron 21 (9,5%). Mortalidad 28 (12,7%). La estadía postoperatoria tuvo una mediana de 6 días (rango 1-150). Se identificaron factores pronósticos. DISCUSIÓN: Los TPC operados son más frecuentes en hombres agredidos con arma blanca, la cavidad lesionada más frecuente es el ventrículo derecho. Nuestra morbimortalidad es comparable con series internacionales.

INTRODUCTION: Penetrating cardiac trauma (PCT) constitute a permanent surgical challenge due to it characteristics and high mortality. AIM: To describe the findings, outcomes and prognostic factors in PCT. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive study, review of prospective thoracic trauma protocols and surgical registries. Period January 1990-December 2017. All patients with PCT were included. Various variables are described and analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify factors associated with morbidity, neurologic dysfunction and mortality. RESULTS: 220 patients PCT, 209 (95.0%) men, mean age 30.4 ± 13.3, median 27 years. Mechanism: Aggression in 202 (91.8%). The traumatic agent was cold steel in 186 (84.4%) and fire arm in 21 (9.5%). 169 (76.8%) patients presented with tamponade, 103 (46.8%) shock and 20 (9.1%) cardiopulmonary arrest. Approach was sternotomy in 157 (71.4%), left thoracotomy in 58 (26.4%). The most common injured areas were right ventricle in 110 (50.0%), left ventricle in 72 (32.7%). 135 (61.4%) patients needed postoperative ICU and 74 (33.6%) were transfused. Complications occurred in 60 (27.3%). Twenty-one (9.5%) were reoperated. Mortality 28 (12.7%). The postoperative median stay was 6 days (Range 1-150). Prognostic factors were identified. DISCUSSION: Operated PCT are more frequent in men with stab wound, the most common injured area is the right ventricle. The morbidity and mortality is comparable with international series.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/mortality , Heart Injuries/surgery , Prognosis , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/mortality , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Heart Injuries/mortality
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e607, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093151


RESUMEN Los traumatismos en cuello se pueden clasificar las lesiones en contusas y penetrantes, en el caso de las heridas penetrantes las ocasionadas por arma punzocortante son las más frecuentes. Las manifestaciones clínicas dependen del mecanismo del trauma, tamaño y nivel de la lesión. Paciente masculino de 26 años de edad con heridas por arma punzocortante en cuello y muñecas se ingresó a quirófano de urgencia, se realizó una exploración vascular de cuello encontrando una avulsión completa del ligamento cricotiroideo, se realizó la reparación del defecto con un colgajo de los músculos cricotiroideos, cursando una buena evolución es egresado al duodécimo día. El diagnóstico de las lesiones traqueales es desafiante y debe realizase rápidamente. Se debe instalar una vía aérea definitiva de manera eficaz y planear la reconstrucción quirúrgica. El seguimiento postoperatorio realizado de manera interdisciplinaria es esencial para el pronóstico(AU)

ABSTRACT Neck injuries can be classified as blunt or penetrating injuries. Penetrating injuries caused by a puncturing gun are the most frequent. The clinical manifestations depend on trauma mechanism, and on lesion size and degree. We present the case of a 26-year-old male patient with puncture injuries to the neck and wrists. After he was admitted to the emergency room, a vascular exploration of the neck was performed, finding a complete avulsion of the cricothyroid ligament. The defect was repaired with a flap of the cricothyroid muscles. The patient had a good evolution and was discharged on the twelfth day. The diagnosis of tracheal lesions is challenging and must be carried out quickly. A definitive airway should be installed efficiently, as well as the planning of the surgical reconstruction. The postoperative follow-up performed in an interdisciplinary way is essential for the prognosis(AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Trachea/injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Neck Injuries/surgery , Laryngeal Muscles/transplantation
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(3): e20192154, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013156


RESUMO Objetivo: determinar se a tomografia computadorizada representa uma opção segura para triagem de lesões cardíacas penetrantes. Métodos: estudo transversal retrospectivo, que confrontou os achados tomográficos com os detectados na exploração cirúrgica em pacientes operados por suspeita de trauma cardíaco no período de janeiro de 2016 a janeiro de 2018. Resultados: setenta e dois casos foram analisados; 97,2% eram do sexo masculino e a faixa etária mais prevalente foi de 20 a 29 anos; 56,9% apresentaram ferimentos por projéteis de arma de fogo e 43,1% por arma branca. Em 20 casos, a tomografia computadorizada foi sugestiva de lesão cardíaca, confirmada em 13 casos durante a cirurgia. A sensibilidade da tomografia computadorizada foi de 56,5% e a especificidade de 85,7%. Conclusão: a tomografia computadorizada não deve ser adotada rotineiramente para triagem de ferimentos cardíacos penetrantes.

ABSTRACT Objective: to determine if computed tomography represents a safe option for penetrating heart injury screening. Methods: retrospective transversal study which confronted tomographic findings with the ones detected in surgical exploration in patients that had undergone surgery because of suspected cardiac trauma from January, 2016 to January, 2018. Results: seventy-two cases were analysed; 97.2% of them were males, and the most prevalent age range was 20 to 29 years; 56.9% of them presented injuries caused by firearm shots and 43.1% by cutting weapons. In 20 cases, computed tomography suggested heart injury, confirmed in 13 cases during surgery. Sensitivity of computed tomography was 56.5%, reaching a specificity of 85.7%. Conclusion: computed tomography must not be adopted as a routine for the screening of penetrating heart injuries.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging , Heart Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/classification , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(1): 99-103, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897974


Abstract Penetrating cardiac trauma has been increasing in clinical experience and is joined to important morbidity and mortality. A case of a 38-year-old female with history of postpartum depression was reported, admitted to our department for cardiac tamponade due to penetrating self-inflicted multiple stab wound of the chest complicated by rupture of anterior left ventricular wall and traumatic ventricular septal defect. Following the unstable hemodynamic instability, a combined therapeutic strategy was chosen: surgery and transcatheter implantation to correct free wall ventricle damage and traumatic ventricular septal defect, respectively.

Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/complications , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Heart Injuries/etiology , Patient Care Team , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Echocardiography , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Self-Injurious Behavior/complications , Coronary Angiography , Heart Injuries/surgery
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(4): 325-327, ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899610


Objetivo: Reportar un caso clínico de lesión de la vía biliar intrapancreática tras traumatismo abdominal cerrado. Caso clínico: Paciente que acude a urgencias por intenso dolor abdominal, tras sufrir traumatismo toraco-abdominal cerrado al caer de una bicicleta. Posteriormente a su ingreso desarrolló fiebre, ictericia y patrón analítico de colestasis. Se solicitó colangiorresonancia magnética donde no se pudo valorar correctamente la vía biliar, pero se evidenció abundante líquido intraabdominal que no correspondía a sangre. Se indicó cirugía urgente ante la sospecha de lesión biliar. Se objetivó lesión de la vía biliar intrapancreática mediante colangiografía intra-operatoria y se decidió colocación de prótesis intrabiliar mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) intraoperatoria. Conclusión: La cirugía ha sido el tratamiento convencional para la lesión de la vía biliar, pero en la actualidad la CPRE con esfinterotomía y colocación de prótesis intrabiliar es un tratamiento adecuado y resolutivo de este tipo de lesiones pudiéndose considerar como tratamiento de primera línea.

Aim: To report a clinical case of biliar injury intrapancreatic in closed abdominal trauma. Clinical case: Patient who comes to the emergency room by severe abdominal pain after suffering thoraco-abdominal blunt trauma after falling from a bicycle. After his admission he developed fever, jaundice and analytical standards of cholestasis. Magnetic resonance which failed to correctly assess the bile duct was requested but showed plenty of intra-abdominal fluid blood that did not match. Emergency surgery for suspected biliary injury was reported. Intrapancreatic injury bile duct was observed by intraoperative cholangiography and prosthesis was decided intrabiliary by intraoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Conclusions: Surgery has been the standard treatment for bile duct injury, but now ERCP with sphincterotomy and placement of intrabiliary prosthesis is adequate and operative treatment of these injuries and can be considered as first-line treatment.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreas/injuries , Bile Ducts/surgery , Bile Ducts/injuries , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Prostheses and Implants , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/complications , Bile Ducts/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiography , Jaundice/etiology , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(1): 57-59, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843460


Abstract The authors report the case of a suicide attempt. A 59-year-old man with self-inflicted penetrating chest trauma underwent emergency cardiothoracic surgery. Pre-operative computed tomography scan showed critical proximity between the blade and the right ventricle. Intraoperative findings showed a pericardial laceration and a huge diaphragmatic lesion with heart and abdominal organs integrity. The diaphragm muscle was repaired with a CorMatrix® patch, an acceptable alternative to the traditional synthetic mesh avoiding infection and repeated herniation.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardium/surgery , Suicide, Attempted , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Diaphragm/surgery , Pericardium/injuries , Diaphragm/injuries , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(1): 22-27, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779031


Objective : to evaluate the epidemiological variables and diagnostic and therapeutic modalities related to hepatic trauma patients undergoing laparotomy in a public referral hospital in the metropolitan region of Vitória-ES. Methods : we conducted a retrospective study, reviewing charts of trauma patients with liver injuries, whether isolated or in association with other organs, who underwent exploratory laparotomy, from January 2011 to December 2013. Results : We studied 392 patients, 107 of these with liver injury. The male: female ratio was 6.6 : 1 and the mean age was 30.12 years. Penetrating liver trauma occurred in 78.5% of patients, mostly with firearms. Associated injuries occurred in 86% of cases and intra-abdominal injuries were more common in penetrating trauma (p <0.01). The most commonly used operative technique was hepatorrhaphy and damage control surgery was applied in 6.5% of patients. The average amounts of blood products used were 6.07 units of packed red blood cells and 3.01 units of fresh frozen plasma. The incidence of postoperative complications was 29.9%, the most frequent being infectious, including pneumonia, peritonitis and intra-abdominal abscess. The survival rate of patients suffering from blunt trauma was 60%, and penetrating trauma, 87.5% (p <0.05). Conclusion : despite technological advances in diagnosis and treatment, mortality rates in liver trauma remain high, especially in patients suffering from blunt trauma in relation to penetrating one.

Objetivo : avaliar as variáveis epidemiológicas e as modalidades diagnósticas e terapêuticas relacionadas ao trauma hepático de pacientes submetidos à laparotomia exploradora em um hospital público de referência da Região Metropolitana de Vitória-ES. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo de revisão de prontuários dos pacientes vítimas de trauma com lesão hepática isolada ou associada a outros órgãos, submetidos à laparotomia exploradora, no período de janeiro de 2011 a dezembro de 2013. Resultados: foram estudados 392 pacientes submetidos à laparotomia, dos quais 107 com lesões hepáticas. A relação masculino:feminino foi 6,6:1 e a média de idade dos pacientes foi 30,12 anos. O trauma hepático penetrante ocorreu em 78,5% dos pacientes, principalmente por arma de fogo. Lesões associadas ocorreram em 86% dos casos e as lesões intra-abdominais foram mais comuns no trauma penetrante (p<0,01). A técnica operatória mais utilizada foi a hepatorrafia, e a cirurgia para controle de danos foi feita em 6,5% dos pacientes. A quantidade média de hemoderivados utilizados foi 6,07 unidades de hemoconcentrado e 3,01 unidades de plasma fresco. A incidência de complicações pós-operatórias foi 29,9%, e as mais frequentes foram as infecciosas, incluindo pneumonia, peritonite e abscesso intra-abdominal. A taxa de sobrevida dos pacientes acometidos de trauma contuso foi 60% e de trauma penetrante, 87,5% (p<0,05). Conclusão: apesar dos avanços tecnológicos de diagnósticos e tratamentos, as taxas de morbimortalidade nos traumas hepáticos permanecem elevadas, especialmente nos pacientes acometidos de trauma hepático contuso em relação ao trauma penetrante.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/epidemiology , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/epidemiology , Liver/surgery , Liver/injuries , Epidemiologic Studies , Retrospective Studies , Laparotomy , Middle Aged
Rev. chil. cir ; 67(6): 584-589, dic. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-771599


Aim: The aim of this study is to report the surgical outcomes in a series of patients undergoing to exploratory cervicotomy by penetrating neck trauma (PNT) in emergency department of Barros Luco-Trudeau Hospital (BLTH), between 2003 and 2013, in terms of postoperative morbidity (POM). Matherial and methods: Retrospective case series of patient undergoing exploratory cervicotomy in emergency department of BLTH, between 2003 and 2013. The outcome variable was development of POM. Other variables were age, sex, etiology and kind of injury, hemodynamic status at admission, surgical time, distribution of injuries by anatomic areas, need for re operation and intra and post operative mortality. Descriptive statistics were used. Results: During the study period, 59 exploratory cervicotomies were performed to patients with PNT, with an average age of 32,5 years old. 89,8 percent of patients were male. The POM was 33,4 percent, being the most frequent the neurological ones. The most frequent etiology was the stab with 83 percent. 66 percent of patients were hemodynamically unstable at admission. Mean operative time was 107 minutes. The most injured area was the area II. Conclusion: The PNT is a little prevalent disease. The outcomes of our study are consistent with those reported in the literature.

Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es comunicar los resultados quirúrgicos observados en una serie de pacientes sometidos a cervicotomía exploradora por trauma cervical penetrante (TCP) en el Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau (HBLT), entre los años 2003 y 2013, en términos de morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO). Material y método: Serie de casos retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a cervicotomía exploradora en el servicio de urgencia del HBLT, entre el año 2003 y 2013. La variable resultado fue desarrollo de MPO. Otras variables fueron: edad, sexo, etiología y tipo de lesión, estado hemodinámico al ingreso, tiempo quirúrgico, distribución de la lesión según zona anatómica, necesidad de re operación y mortalidad intra y post operatoria. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: En el período en estudio, se realizaron 59 cervicotomías a pacientes con TCP, con un promedio de edad de 32,5 años, de los cuales el 89,8 por ciento era de sexo masculino. La MPO fue de 33,4 por ciento, siendo las más frecuentes las de tipo neurológico. La etiología más recurrente fue el arma blanca con 83 por ciento. El 66 por ciento de los pacientes se encontraban hemodinámicamente inestables al momento del ingreso. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de 107 min. La zona más lesionada fue la zona II. Conclusión: El TCP es una entidad poco prevalente. Los resultados obtenidos en nuestra serie son coincidentes con lo reportado en la literatura.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/etiology , Neck Injuries/surgery , Neck Injuries/etiology , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Stab
Bol. Hosp. Viña del Mar ; 70(4): 143-144, dic.2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-779178


A raíz de una publicación de 1945, se realiza una revisión acerca de las heridas penetrantes cardíacas: Los conceptos que han resistido el paso del tiempo, los que han cambiado, y las nuevas tendencias. Se compara con la publicación de hace 70 años y se ofrecen algunas conclusiones...

Following a 1945 publication, a brief review about penetrating heart wounds is performed: The concepts that have stood the test of time, those have changed, and the new trends. We compare with the publication of 70 years ago and offer some conclusions...

Humans , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/diagnosis