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Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365234


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the marginal adaptation of computer-aided designing and computer-aided machining (CAD/CAM) fabricated cobalt-chromium and zirconium-oxide-based ceramic crowns compared to those produced by a conventional method. Material and Methods The study consists of three groups; 45 crowns fabricated from cobalt-chromium (CAD-CoCr) and 45 crowns manufactured from zirconium CAD/CAM technology (CAD-Z), and 45 control (C) which consists of conventional metal-ceramic crowns. The marginal discrepancies in vertical dimensions were assessed utilizing a microscope in four surfaces (mesial, distal, vestibular, and oral) for each crown. On completion of the microscopic evaluation, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to study the difference in the four surfaces, considered altogether. Two-way ANOVA revealed the effect of three systems used for gap measurements of each landmark. The differences observed were considered significant at p<0.05. Results There were no differences in the four surfaces revealed by АNOVА in the three groups when considered altogether. Two-way ANOVA of each surface discovered no differences among all groups as well. Conclusion The CAD/CAM crowns revealed a comparable and satisfactory marginal adaptation compared to conventional metal-ceramic crowns.

Zirconium , Chromium Alloys , Dental Prosthesis/instrumentation , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , In Vitro Techniques , Analysis of Variance , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , India
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936109


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of porous surface morphology of zirconia on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts.@*METHODS@#According to different manufacturing and pore-forming methods, the zirconia specimens were divided into 4 groups, including milled sintering group (M-Ctrl), milled porous group (M-Porous), 3D printed sintering group (3D-Ctrl) and 3D printed porous group (3D-Porous). The surface micromorphology, surface roughness, contact angle and surface elements of specimens in each group were detected by scanning electron microscope (SEM), 3D laser microscope, contact angle measuring device and energy-dispersion X-ray analysis, respectively. MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured on 4 groups of zirconia discs. The cell morphology of MC3T3-E1 cells on zirconia discs was eva-luated on 1 and 7 days by SEM. The cell proliferation was detected on 1, 3 and 5 days by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). After osteogenic induction for 14 days, the relative mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), type Ⅰ collagen (Colla1), Runt-related transcription factor-2 (Runx2) and osteocalcin (OCN) in MC3T3-E1 cells were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#The pore size [(419.72±6.99) μm] and pore depth [(560.38±8.55) μm] of 3D-Porous group were significantly larger than the pore size [(300.55±155.65) μm] and pore depth [(69.97±31.38) μm] of M-Porous group (P < 0.05). The surface of 3D-Porous group appeared with more regular round pores than that of M-Porous group. The contact angles of all the groups were less than 90°. The contact angles of 3D-Ctrl (73.83°±5.34°) and M-Porous group (72.7°±2.72°) were the largest, with no significant difference between them (P>0.05). Cells adhered inside the pores in M-Porous and 3D-Porous groups, and the proliferation activities of them were significantly higher than those of M-Ctrl and 3D-Ctrl groups after 3 and 5 days' culture (P < 0.05). After 14 days' incubation, ALP, Colla1, Runx2 and OCN mRNA expression in 3D-Porous groups were significantly lower than those of M-Ctrl and 3D-Ctrl groups (P < 0.05). Colla1, Runx2 and OCN mRNA expressions in M-Porous group were higher than those of 3D-Porous group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The porous surface morphology of zirconia can promote the proliferation and adhesion but inhibit the differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells.

Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Ceramics , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Porosity , Zirconium
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 516-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935895


Objective: To evaluate the effects of pre-sintering heating rate and powder size on dental recycled zirconia. Methods: Recycled zirconia powders were sieved to obtain the large (50 μm<particle diameter≤125 μm) and small (particle diameter≤50 μm) particles, these powders were then formed into green bodies. According to the pre-sintering heating rates, the recycled-zirconia green bodies were divided into 3 groups: group A, pre-sintering heating rate of 2 ℃/min; group B, pre-sintering heating rate of 5 ℃/min; group C, pre-sintering heating rate of 8 ℃/min. The relative density open porosity and machinability of the recycled zirconia pre-sintered bodies were evaluated and compared with the commercial zirconia pre-sintered bodies. Zirconia pre-sintered bodies were then fully sintered according to the manufacturer's instructions. The relative density, open porosity, linear shrinkage and flexural strength of fully sintered zirconia were further compared. The microstructure of fracture surfaces and the crystalline structure were analyzed by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffractometer, respectively. Results: With the same particle size, the recycled zirconia pre-sintered at different heating rates showed no significant differences in the relative densities, and the open porosities (P>0.05). When the pre-sintering heating rates were 2 ℃/min, 5 ℃/min, and 8 ℃/min, the flexural strengths of the large-particle recycled zirconia were (421.2±54.7), (444.2±70.1) and (427.5±68.4) MPa, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were (750.1±74.1), (777.2±95.5) and (746.7±73.0) MPa, respectively. The flexural strength of commercial zirconia was (988.4±129.8) MPa. The flexural strengths of the recycled zirconia were significantly lower than that of the commercial zirconia (P<0.05). At the same pre-sintering heating rate, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were significantly higher than that of the large-particle recycled zirconia (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the large particles, small-particle recycled zirconia powders can effectively improve the properties of recycled zirconia, while the pre-sintering heating rate has no effect on the properties of the recycled zirconia.

Ceramics , Dental Materials/chemistry , Heating , Materials Testing , Powders , Surface Properties , Yttrium , Zirconium
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 418-423, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935883


Zirconia is widely used in the field of dentistry because of its superior mechanical and esthetic characteristics. However, the tetragonal zirconia polycrystal restorations commonly used in clinics will degrade at low temperatures in the oral environment, resulting in increased surface roughness, microcracks, and decreased mechanical properties. Low-temperature degradation of zirconia can be affected by grain size, stress, stabilizer content and type, surface treatment, sintering conditions, and other factors. Through a literature review and analysis, this review summarizes the research progress on the low-temperature degradation of zirconia in prosthetic dentistry to provide references for the improvement of zirconia in clinical and research applications.

Ceramics , Dental Materials , Esthetics, Dental , Materials Testing , Prosthodontics , Surface Properties , Temperature , Yttrium/chemistry , Zirconium
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 272-279, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935861


Objective: To compare the clinical performance of posterior single implant-supported monolithic zirconia crowns fabricated by full digital workflow and that of those fabricated by conventional workflow. Methods: This is prospective clinical research. Thirty-five patients who participated in a previous study during August 2017 to October 2018 at Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were included in this 3-year follow-up study. The 35 patients, 17 females and 18 males, aged (49.0±15.4) years (24-86 years old), was allocated into two groups. In the full digital workflow group, intraoral scanning was taken immediately after implant placement, and a full zirconia implant crown was fabricated using model-free computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) procedure (n=14). In the conventional group, a conventional impression was taken 3 months after implant placement and the stone model was produced. A full zirconia implant crown was fabricated using conventional model-based procedure (n=21). Three years following crown delivery, all the prostheses were evaluated in the aspect of color, surface roughness, contour and marginal integrity using modified US Public Health Service criteria (MUSPHS criteria). The soft and hard tissue around implant was evaluated using modified plaque index, probing depth (PD), number of implants with bleeding on probing, marginal bone loss (MBL). The biological and mechanical complication were also recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using independent samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test. Results: The total survival rate of prosthesis and implant was 100% (35/35). No significant difference in MUSPHS criteria ratings on color, surface roughness, contour and marginal integrity of these crowns were found between the full digital workflow group and the conventional group (P>0.05). Sixteen out of the 35 crowns had a contour score of B due to loss of interproximal contact. Ten out of the 35 crowns had the screw hole sealing resin sinking or falling off, four in the full digital workflow group and six in the conventional group. There was no significant difference in the rate of prostheses mechanical complications between the two groups (P=1.000). For all the implants, there was no significant difference in MBL, PD, the modified plaque index, and number of implants with bleeding on probing between the two groups (U=119.50,133.00,142.50, t=-0.53, P>0.05). Conclusions: The clinical performance of implant-supported posterior single monolithic zirconia crowns fabricated by full digital workflow was stable. There was no significant difference in the clinical performance of the single implant crowns between the full digital workflow group and the conventional group.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Crowns , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , United States , Workflow , Young Adult , Zirconium
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 229-234, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293367


La caries de la infancia temprana, al igual que otras formas de caries, se caracteriza por ser multifactorial, infecciosa y de rápida evolución. Puede presentarse como lesiones cavitadas o no cavitadas, se diagnostica principalmente en menores de seis años en la superficies de los dientes anterosuperiores, debido a que son los primeros órganos dentales en erupcionar y tienen mayor contacto con el estímulo cariogénico. En casos severos pueden llegar a ocasionar la pérdida de órganos dentales, influyendo en la salud general del paciente y repercutiendo en su autoestima y desarrollo psicosocial. Para devolver las características y funciones perdidas en ausencia de algún órgano dental, se recurre a sustituirlo mediante aparatología, mayormente en forma de un mantenedor de espacio funcional. Las necesidades estéticas individuales de cada caso generan diversas alternativas para adaptarnos a la situación del paciente (AU))

Early childhood caries, like other forms of caries, is characterized by being multifactorial, infectious, and rapidly evolving. It can present as cavitated or uncavitated lesions, it is mainly diagnosed in children under six years of age on the surfaces of the anterior superior teeth, because they are the first dental organs to erupt and have greater contact with the cariogenic stimulus. In severe cases they can cause the loss of dental organs, influencing the general health of the patient and impacting on their self-esteem and psychosocial development. In order to restore the lost features and functions in the absence of any dental organ, it is resorted to by means of appliances, mostly in the form of a functional space maintainer. The individual aesthetic needs of each case generate various alternatives to adapt to the patient's situation (AU)

Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Space Maintenance, Orthodontic/methods , Zirconium , Crowns , Dental Caries/therapy , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Mexico
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 44-55, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345505


Abstract In the RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), veneering ceramic and framework are fabricated by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and then cemented to obtain the restoration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the thickness of veneering ceramic manufactured by the RLT technique on the fracture resistance (FR) of bilayer crowns with zirconia frameworks. Twenty zirconia frameworks and twenty feldspathic posterior crowns with two different veneering ceramic occlusal thicknesses (1mm=TF1; 2mm=TF2) were manufactured using CAD/CAM system. The specimens were luted to an epoxy resin abutment with resin cement and mechanically cycled (200N and 4.5×105 Pa, 37°C, 2×106 cycles, 3Hz). The FR test was performed (10kN, 0.5mm/min), and the specimens were analyzed in a stereomicroscope. For the stress analysis (finite element analysis, FEA), a 10kN load was equal to the in vitro test, and the principal stress was evaluated. The FR data were analyzed by Student's t-test and Weibull's analysis. The thickness influenced the FR of bilayer crowns. The FR was higher in the TF2 than in the TF1 group. The TF2 group presented the highest characteristic strength compared to the group TF1. The predominant type of failure was delamination. The FEA showed higher stress concentrations below the loading application point at the veneering cement interface in the 1-mm-thick model. The bilayer crowns manufactured using the approach of 2mm of veneering ceramic promoted higher FR compared to the group with 1mm veneering ceramic. Also, the FEA showed that the veneer ceramic thickness has an effect on stress distribution in zirconia-based bilayer crowns.

Resumo Na RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), a cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura são fabricados pelo Computer-Aided Design / Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD / CAM) e cimentados para obter a restauração. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da espessura da cerâmica de cobertura fabricada pela técnica RLT na resistência à fratura (RF) de coroas bilaminadas com infraestrutura de zircônia. Vinte infraestruturas de zircônia e vinte coroas posteriores feldspáticas com duas espessuras oclusais da cerâmica de cobertura (1mm = TF1; 2mm = TF2) foram fabricadas usando o sistema CAD / CAM. Os espécimes foram cimentados em preparos de resina epóxi com cimento resinoso dual e ciclados mecanicamente (200N e 4,5×105 Pa, 37° C, 2×106 ciclos, 3Hz). O teste de RF foi realizado (10kN, 0,5mm / min) e, posteriormente, os espécimes foram analisados em estereomicroscópio. Para a análise de tensão (análise de elementos finitos, FEA), uma carga de 10kN foi aplicada igual ao teste in vitro, e a tensão principal foi avaliada. Os dados de RF foram analisados pelo teste t de Student e análise de Weibull. A espessura mostrou forte influência na RF das coroas bilaminadas. A RF foi maior em TF2 do que no grupo TF1. O grupo TF2 apresentou a maior resistência característica em relação ao grupo TF1. O tipo de falha predominante foi a delaminação. O FEA mostrou maiores concentrações de tensões abaixo do ponto de aplicação da carga, na interface cimento e cerâmica de cobertura no modelo de coroa de 1 mm de espessura. As coroas de bilaminadas confeccionadas com 2 mm de cerâmica de cobertura promoveram maior RF em comparação ao grupo com cerâmica de cobertura de 1 mm. Além disso, a FEA mostrou que a espessura da cerâmica de cobertura tem um efeito na distribuição de tensões em coroas bilaminadas à base de zircônia.

Humans , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Technology , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 56-64, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345501


Abstract It aims on evaluate the effect of the test environment on static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based (LD), and yttrium oxide-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics. Specimens of LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3 mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) were randomly allocated into three groups: tested in air, inert (paraffin oil, Sigma Aldrich) or distilled water. The static fatigue test (n=15) was performed using a piston-on-three ball assembly, adapted from ISO 6872, as follows: starting load 100 N for LD and 300 N for YSZ; loading application time set to 1 hour for each loading step; step size of 50 N for LD and 100 N for YSZ, applied successively until fracture. Data from static fatigue strength (MPa) and time to fracture (hours) were recorded. Fractographic analysis was executed. Survival analysis corroborates absence of influence of environment on static fatigue outcomes (fatigue strength, time to fracture and survival rates) for YSZ. For LD, specimens tested in air presented statistically superior survival rate and static fatigue strength (p= 0.025). In regards of time to fracture, LD tested in air were superior than when tested in distilled water (p=0.019) or inert (p=0.017) environments. No statistical differences for Weibull modulus were observed. Failures started on the tensile stress surface. Thus, the test environment did not affect slow crack growth (SCG) mechanisms during static fatigue test of YSZ ceramics, but it plays a significant role for the static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based glass ceramics, indicating a high susceptibility to SCG.

Resumo O presente estudo objetivou investigar a influência do ambiente de teste no comportamento a fadiga estática (resistência à fratura e tempo para falha) de cerâmicas à base de dissilicato de lítio (LD) e zircônia estabilizada com ítria (YSZ). Espécimes de LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) e YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) foram obtidos e alocados aleatoriamente em três grupos: testado em ar, em líquido inerte (óleo de parafina) ou em água destilada. O teste de fadiga estática (n= 15) foi realizado usando o teste pistão sobre três esferas, ISO 6872, da seguinte forma: carga inicial 100 N para LD e 300 N para YSZ; tempo de aplicação de carregamento definido para 1 hora para cada etapa de carregamento; tamanho do passo de 50 N para LD e 100 N para YSZ, aplicados sucessivamente até a fratura. Dados de resistência à fadiga estática (MPa) e tempo até a fratura (horas) foram registrados. A análise fractográfica foi executada. A análise de sobrevivência corrobora a ausência de influência do ambiente de teste nos resultados de fadiga estática (resistência à fadiga, tempo de fratura e taxas de sobrevivência) para a YSZ. Para LD, os corpos de prova testados em ar apresentaram taxa de sobrevivência e resistência à fadiga estática estatisticamente superiores (p= 0,025). Em relação ao tempo de fratura, os espécimes LD testados em ar foram superiores aos testados em água destilada (p= 0,019) ou em ambiente inerte (p= 0,017). Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas para o módulo de Weibull. Todas as falhas começaram no lado onde se concentra a tensão de tração (lado de baixo) durante o teste. Com base nisso, observa-se que o ambiente de teste não afetou os mecanismos de crescimento lento de trinca durante o teste de fadiga estática da cerâmica YSZ, mas desempenha um papel significativo na resistência à fadiga estática da cerâmica de vidro à base de dissilicato de lítio, indicando alta susceptibilidade ao crescimento lento e subcrítico de trincas.

Ceramics , Dental Porcelain , Surface Properties , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Stress Analysis , Glass
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 75 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362274


Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fadiga cíclica de estruturas em forma de disco cerâmico multicamada de configuração tradicional (T) e bionispirado em macroescala (B), cimentadas de forma adesiva ao substrato analógo à dentina. As amostras foram produzidas com zircônia (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 0,5 mm) e cerâmica feldspática (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 1,5 mm) e foram unidas com três técnicas diferentes (n = 15): Injeção (inj); com vidro de fusão Crystal Connect (cv) e técnica cimentada (cim). Para a configuração tradicional a zircônia foi a infraestrura sobre qual a cerâmica feldspática foi aderida. Para os bioinspirados, a zircônia foi a supraestrutura e a cerâmica feldspática foi a infraestrutura. Os discos foram cimentados em resina G-10 (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 1,5 mm). As amostras foram testadas sob a abordagem de fadiga cíclica até apresentar alguma trinca observada por transluminação. O método stepwise: 20 Hz, seguidos por etapas incrementais de 200 N a cada 10 x 103ciclos, com carga inicial de 600 N até 2600 N com pistão de 40 mm de diâmetro e célula de carga de 5 KN (Instron Electropuls E 3000, Instron, Glenview, IL, EUA). Todas as amostras foram analisadas estereomicroscópio para determinar o tipo de falha e uma amostra representativa de cada grupo foi analisada no microscópio eletrônico de varredura (MEV). As configurações bioinspiradas testadas foram estatisticamente semelhantes (p > 0,05) e não aumentaram a sobrevivência à fadiga das estruturas comparadas com a técnica tradicional. A bioinspiração apresentou predominantemente trincas radias e únicas. A gradação do modulo elástico em macroescala e a configuração das estruturas. A utilização do conector vítreo se mostro favorável para diminuir das trincas no material análogo á dentina.

This study evaluated the cyclic fatigue resistance of multilayer ceramic discshaped structures of traditional configuration (T) and macroscale bionispirate (B), cemented adhesively to the substrate analogic to dentin. The samples were produced with zirconia (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 0.5 mm) and feldspar ceramics (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 1.5 mm) and were joined with three different techniques (n = 15): Injection (inj); with Crystal Connect melting glass (cv) and cemented technique (Cim). For the traditional configuration zirconia was the infraestrura on which the feldspathic ceramic was adhered. For the bioinspired, zirconia was the superstructure, and feldspathic ceramics was the infrastructure. The discs were cemented in G-10 resin (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 1.5 mm). The samples were tested under the cyclic fatigue approach until some crack was observed by translumination. The stepwise method: 20 Hz, followed by incremental steps of 200 N every 10 x 103 cycles, with initial charge from 600 N to 2600 N (40 mm diameter piston) and 5 KN load cell (Instron Electropuls E 3000, Instron, Glenview, IL, USA). All samples were analyzed stereomicroscopically to determine the type of failure and a representative sample of each group was analyzed in the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The bioinspired configurations tested were statistically similar (p > 0.05) and did not increase the fatigue survival of the structures compared to the traditional technique. The bioinspiration presented predominantly radial and unique cracks. The use of the vitreous connector was favorable to decrease the cracks in the analogous dentin material.

Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Survival Analysis , Shear Strength
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-10, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1293129


Objective: The purpose of this in vitro study is to evaluate the effect of four finish line configurations and two cement types on the fracture resistance of zirconia copings. Material and Methods: Forty yttrium tetragonal zirconia polycrystals copings were manufactured on epoxy resin dies with four preparation designs: knife edge, chamfer, deep chamfer 0.5, 1 mm and shoulder 1 mm. The copings were cemented with two cement types (glass ionomer and resin cement); (n = 5). Two strain gauges were attached on each coping before they were vertically loaded till fracture with a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed by 2-way analysis of variance ANOVA (p < .05). Fractured specimens were examined for mode of failure with digital microscope. Results: Knife edge showed the highest mean fracture resistance (987.04 ± 94.18) followed by Chamfer (883.28 ± 205.42) followed by Shoulder (828.64 ± 227.79) and finally Deep chamfer finish line (767.66 ± 207.09) with no statistically significant difference. Resin cemented copings had higher mean Fracture resistance (911.76 ± 167.95) than glass ionomer cemented copings (821.55 ± 224.24) with no statistically significant difference. Knife edge had the highest strain mean values on the buccal (374.04 ± 195.43) and lingual (235.80 ± 103.46) surface. Shoulder finish line showed the lowest mean strain values on the buccal (127.47 ± 40.32) and lingual (68.35 ± 80.68) with no statistically significant difference. Resin cemented copings had higher buccal (295.05 ± 167.92) and lingual (197.38 ± 99.85) mean strain values than glass ionomer copings (149.14 ± 60.94) and (90.27 ± 55.62) with no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Vertical knife edge finish line is a promising alternative and either adhesive or conventional cementation can be used with zirconia copings (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo in vitro é avaliar o efeito de quatro configurações de términos cervicais e dois tipos de cimentos na resistência à fratura de copings de zircônia. Material e Métodos: Quarenta copings de zircônia tetragonal policristalina estabilizada por ítrio foram confeccionados em matrizes de resina epóxi com quatro tipos de términos cervicais: lâmina de faca, chanfro, chanfro largo 0,5, 1 mm e ombro 1 mm. Os copings foram cimentados com dois tipos de cimento (ionômero de vidro e cimento resinoso); (n = 5). Dois extensômetros foram fixados em cada coping antes de serem carregados verticalmente até a fratura com uma máquina de teste universal. Os dados foram analisados por análise de variância ANOVA 2 fatores (p < 0,05). Os espécimes fraturados foram examinados quanto ao modo de falha com microscópio digital. Resultados: A Lâmina de faca apresentou a maior média de resistência à fratura (987,04 ± 94,18) seguida pelo Chanfro (883,28 ± 205,42), pelo Ombro (828,64 ± 227,79) e finalmente o Chanfro largo (767,66 ± 207,09), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. Os copings cimentados com cimento resinoso apresentaram maior média de resistência à fratura (911,76 ± 167,95) em relação aos copings cimentados com ionômero de vidro (821,55 ± 224,24), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. A lâmina de faca apresentou os maiores valores médios de deformação na superfície vestibular (374,04 ± 195,43) e lingual (235,80 ± 103,46). O término em ombro apresentou os menores valores médios de deformação na superfície vestibular (127,47 ± 40,32) e lingual (68,35 ± 80,68), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. Os copings cimentados com resina apresentaram maiores valores médios de deformação na superfície vestibular (295,05 ± 167,92) e lingual (197,38 ± 99,85) do que os copings cimentados com ionômero de vidro (149,14 ± 60,94) e (90,27 ± 55,62), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. Conclusão: O término cervical em lâmina de faca é uma alternativa promissora e a cimentação adesiva ou convencional pode ser usada na cimentação de copings de zircônia. (AU)

Prosthodontics , Zirconium , Cementation , Tooth Preparation , Flexural Strength
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(5): e212118, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345936


ABSTRACT Introduction: Various surface pre-treatment methods have been adapted to optimize the bonding between the zirconia ceramics and the orthodontic brackets. Objective: This review is aimed at systematically analyzing the relevant data available in the literature, to find out the most effective and durable bonding protocol. Methods: Database search was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, and ScienceDirect, during September 2020. The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. Results: Based on the inclusion criteria, 19 articles were selected for qualitative analysis. Meta-analysis could not be performed due to the heterogeneity of the methodology among the studies. Most of the studies scored medium risk of bias. Compared to the untreated surface, surface pretreatments like sandblasting and lasers were advantageous. Primers and universal adhesive were mostly used as an adjunct to the mechanical pretreatment of the zirconia surface. In most studies, thermocycling seemed to lower the shear bond strength (SBS) of the orthodontic brackets. Conclusion: Based on this qualitative review, surface pretreatments with lasers and sandblasting can be suggested to optimize the bracket bond strength. To clarify this finding, meta-analysis is anticipated. Hence, high heterogeneity of the included studies demands standardization of the methodology.

RESUMO Introdução: Diferentes métodos de pré-tratamento da superfície foram adaptados para otimizar a colagem entre os braquetes ortodônticos e as cerâmicas de zircônia. Objetivo: A presente revisão teve como objetivo analisar, de forma sistemática, os dados relevantes na literatura, para buscar o protocolo de colagem mais efetivo e duradouro. Métodos: As buscas foram feitas em setembro de 2020, nas seguintes bases de dados: PubMed, Scopus e ScienceDirect. A revisão foi feita de acordo com as diretrizes do PRISMA. Resultados: Com base nos critérios de inclusão, 19 artigos foram selecionados para análise qualitativa. A metanálise não pôde ser feita, devido à heterogeneidade na metodologia dos estudos incluídos. A maior parte dos estudos apresentou risco de viés moderado. Comparadas às superfícies não tratadas, as superfícies com pré-tratamento usando jateamento ou laser apresentaram vantagem. Primers e adesivos universais foram mais usados como adjuntos ao pré-tratamento mecânico da superfície de zircônia. Na maioria dos estudos, a termociclagem parece ter reduzido a resistência ao cisalhamento dos braquetes ortodônticos. Conclusões: Com base nessa revisão qualitativa, os pré-tratamentos de superfície com laser e jateamento podem ser sugeridos para otimizar a resistência ao cisalhamento dos braquetes. Para esclarecer esse achado, uma metanálise é necessária. Para isso, faz-se necessária a padronização da metodologia, para lidar com a alta heterogeneidade dos estudos incluídos.

Orthodontic Brackets , Zirconium , Ceramics/chemistry , Shear Strength
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 70 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1359883


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a resistência à fadiga e ciclos até a falha de 3 zircônias odontológicas após envelhecimento hidrotérmico isolado e um novo protocolo alternado. Discos de zircônia "Y"Z T (VITA), INCORIS "T"ZI (Dentsply Sirona) e "K"ATANA UTML (Noritake Kuraray) (N=135) ­ 1ª, 2ª e 3ª gerações, respectivamente ­, foram divididos em 9 grupos (n=15), com 3 tratamentos para cada zircônia: CF ­ Controle, somente com fadiga mecânica; EF ­ Envelhecido em reator hidrotérmico a 134 ºC por 20 h + Fadiga; EFA: 4 passos de envelhecimentos de 5h alternados com fadiga. O teste de fadiga em flexão biaxial foi realizado com configuração de pistão sob 3 esferas, utilizando o método step-stress (carga inicial: 100 Mpa, step: 50 MPa/10.000 ciclos, frequência: 20 Hz). Os dados foram analisados através de teste Kaplan-Meir e Mantel-Cox com α=0,05, além da análise de Weibull. Discos fraturados foram analisados em estereomicroscópio, Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV) e Difratômetro de Raios-X (DRX). O envelhecimento isolado com fadiga aumentou a resistência do grupo TEF (810 ± 76 MPa), enquanto diminuiu a do YEF (516 ± 38 MPa), o protocolo alternado aumentou a resistência apenas para a YZ T (730 ± 59 MPa). A KATANA UMTL não apresentou diferenças para ambos os tratamentos. Igualmente, foi a única a não sofrer transformação de fase T-M. O grupo TEF apresentou maior taxa sobrevivência à fadiga (147,000.00 ciclos). A origem de fratura para todos os espécimes deu-se no lado de tração em defeitos pré-existentes. Zircônias de 2ª geração possuem melhor comportamento mecânico e longevidade pós-envelhecimento e fadiga. Embora seja menos resistente, a KATANA UTML não sofreu degradação

This study aimed to evaluate the fatigue strength and cycles for failure of 3 dental zirconias after isolated and a novel hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue cycling aging protocol. "Y"Z T (VITA), INCORIS "T"ZI (Dentsply Sirona) and "K"ATANA UTML (Noritake Kuraray) zirconia discs (N=135), were divided into 9 groups (n=15), according to 3 proposed treatments for each zirconia: CF (control ­ only mechanical fatigue cycling); AF (aging in hydrothermal reactor at 134°C for 20 h + mechanical fatigue cycling ); AFA (Alternating protocol: 4 steps of 5 h of hydrothermal aging intercalated with mechanical fatigue cycling). Mechanical fatigue aging was performed according to the step stress approach through biaxial flexural setup (piston-on-3-balls, initial strength: 100 MPa, step: 50 MPa/ci000, frequency: 20 Hz) until failure. Data were analyzed using KaplanMeier and Mantel-Cox test (α=0.05), in addition to Weibull analysis. Fractured discs were analyzed in stereomicroscope, Scanning Electron Microscopy and XRay Diffraction. Continuous hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue cycling decreased the fatigue strength of YAF group (516 ± 38 MPa), while the alternating protocol increased it (730 ± 59 MPa). KATANA UTML showed no differences for both treatments and did not undergo T-M phase transformation. The TAF group showed the highest fatigue strength (810 ± 76 MPa) and cycles for failure (147,000.00 cycles). The fracture origin for all specimens was on the tensile side in pre-existing defects. INCORIS TZI zirconia have higher fatigue strength after hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue aging. Although less resistant, KATANA UTML did not suffer chemical degradation

Tensile Strength , Zirconium/chemistry , Materials Testing , Ceramics , X-Ray Diffraction , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Microscopy, Electrochemical, Scanning
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921377


OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of dental zirconia manufactured by digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing and the clinical application prospects of this material.@*METHODS@#The experiment (DLP) group was zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing, and the control (MILL) group was milled zirconia. The density, grain size, and phase composition were measured to study the microstructure. Flexural strength was measured by using three-point bending tests, while Vickers hardness was determined through a Vickers hardness tester. Fracture toughness was tested using the single-edge V-notched beam method.@*RESULTS@#Zirconia density of the DLP group was (6.019 8±0.021 3) g·cm@*CONCLUSIONS@#Zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing had microstructure and mechanical properties similar to those of the milled zirconia. Only the flexural strength and the Vickers hardness of the experimental zirconia were slightly lower than those of the milled zirconia. Therefore, DLP-manufactured zirconia has a promising future for clinical use.

Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Zirconium
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942251


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of femtosecond laser treated microgrooved surface on microscopic topography, phase transformation, and three-points flexural strength of zirconia, and to provide reference for surface microstructure optimization of zirconia implant.@*METHODS@#According to different surface treatment methods, 57 computer aided design/computer aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) zirconia bars (20.0 mm×4.0 mm×1.4 mm) were evenly divided into three groups: sintered group, no treatment after sintering, taken as control; sandblasted group, sandblasted with 110 μm aluminium oxide (Al2O3) after sintering; microgrooved group, femtosecond laser fabricated microgrooves with 50 μm width, 30 μm depth, and 100 μm pitch. Surface microscopic topography was observed with scanning electron microscope (SEM) and 3D laser microscope. Further, surface roughness in each group and microgroove size were measured. Crystal phase was analyzed with X-ray diffraction. Specimens were subjected to three- points flexural strength test, and Weibull distribution was used to analyze their strength characteristics.@*RESULTS@#SEM showed that sintered surface was flat with clear grain structure; sandblasted surface exihibited bumps and holes with sharp margins and irregular shape; microgrooves were regularly aligned without evident defect, and nano-scale particles were observed on the surface inside of the microgrooves. Ra value of microgrooved group [(9.42±0.28)] μm was significantly higher than that of sandblasted group [(1.04±0.03) μm] and sintered group [(0.60±0.04) μm], and there was statistical difference between sandblasted group and sintered group (P < 0.001). The microgroove size was precise with (49.75±1.24) μm width, (30.85±1.02) μm depth, and (100.58±1.94) μm pitch. Crystal phase analysis showed that monoclinic volume fraction of sandblasted group (18.17%) was much higher than that of sintered group (1.55%), while microgrooved group (2.21%) was similar with sintered group. The flexural strength of sandblasted group (986.22±163.25) MPa had no statistical difference with that of sintered group (946.46±134.15) MPa (P=0.847), but the strength in microgrooved group (547.92±30.89) MPa dropped significantly compared with the other two groups (P < 0.001). Weibull modulus of sintered, sandblasted, microgrooved groups were 7.89, 6.98, and 23.46, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Femtosecond laser was able to form micro/nanostructured microgrooves on zirconia surface, which deleteriously affected the flexural strength of zirconia.

Ceramics , Dental Materials , Flexural Strength , Humans , Lasers , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Surface Properties , Yttrium , Zirconium
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942194


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of different edge compensation angles on the fracture strength of multilayer zirconia all-ceramic crowns and traditional uniform zirconia all-ceramic crowns.@*METHODS@#The resin tooth preparation specimen of the mandibular first molar with a knife-edge was fabricated. A 3D digital model of the specimen was obtained by scanning it with a 3D dental model scanner. The 3D digital model was imported into computer aided design (CAD) software, and three 3D digital models of the full crown with the same surface shape are designed with the edge compensation angles of 30°, 45° and 60°, respectively. Then, the designed 3D digital model is imported into computer aided manufacturing (CAM) software. Three kinds of multilayer and homogeneous zirconia all-porcelain crowns with different edge compensation angles were fabricated, 10 each for a total of 60. The fracture load of each crown was measured under the electronic universal testing machine.@*RESULTS@#Fracture load of multilayer and uniform zirconia all-ceramic crowns, (4 322.86±610.07) N and (5 914.12±596.80) N in the 30° group, (5 264.82±883.76) N and (5 220.83±563.38) N in the 45° group and (4 900.42±345.41) N and (5 050.22±560.24) N in the 60° group, respectively. The fracture load of multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns in the 30° group was significantly lower than that of homogeneous zirconia all-ceramic crowns(P < 0.05); there was no statistical significance in 45° group and 60° group(P>0.05). In the multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns: the fracture load of the 30° group was significantly lower than that of the 45° group (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference between the 30° group and the 60° group, the 45° group and the 60° group (P>0.05).In uniform zirconia full crown group: the 30° group was higher than the 45° group, the 30° group was higher than the 60° group (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference between the 45° group and the 60° group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The fracture loads of three kinds of uniform and multilayer zirconia all ceramic crowns with different edge compensation angles can meet the clinical requirements. A smaller edge compensation angle is recommended when using traditional zirconia all-ceramic crowns, while 45° is recommended when using multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns.

Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Stress Analysis , Flexural Strength , Materials Testing , Zirconium
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 10-19, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223003


La percepción hacia el alcance de la excelencia estética se traduce especialmente en saber interpretar y satisfacer los deseos del paciente, empleándose para eso, todos los conocimientos disponibles en la literatura científica. La utilización de carillas, coronas cerámicas o de Circonio pueden representar un tratamiento, predecible y confiable, cuando las condiciones, básicas de salud se encuentran ya resueltas. Una de estas condiciones, se refiere a un marco de salud Periodontal, con contornos gingivales estéticos y naturales. En algunos casos, donde esto no sucede, la microcirugía estética puede ser un recurso práctico y predecible. A su vez la evidencia científica nos ofrece parámetros para guiarnos y así alcanzar un correcto diagnóstico, planeamiento seguro, técnica adecuada y la utilización del material más indicado para cada situación clínica. La subjetividad estética puede estar escondida entre líneas en la ciencia. Con ésta recopilación acompañado con la ejemplificación de los casos clínicos desarrollados, intentaremos aproximarnos a la excelencia (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Zirconium , Ceramics , Crowns , Esthetics, Dental , Microsurgery , Patient Care Planning , Electrosurgery , Evidence-Based Dentistry , Gingival Recession/therapy
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 414-422, oct. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179033


Purpose: Two important factors in dental prosthesis are making an accurate impression and producing a suitable cast which represents the exact relationship between prepared tooth and oral structures. This study, aimed to investigate the effects of different combinations of impression and pouring materials on marginal and internal adaptation of premolar zirconia crowns. Material and Methods: Forty maxillary premolars were prepared considering round shoulder finish line. The impressions were made either by additional (Panasil) or condensation (Speedex) silicon, and poured by two different types of gypsum materials (Siladent or GC gypsum) (N=10). Zirconia crowns were fabricated using a CAD-CAM system. The crowns were cemented, and the samples were cut in bucco-lingual direction. Marginal and internal gaps were measured by stereomicroscope (×25). Results: The mean marginal gaps for Pansil-Siladent, Panasil-GC, Speedex-Siladent, and Speedex-GC were 141 µm, 143 µm, 131 µm, and 137 µm respectively. The internal gaps were 334 µm, 292 µm, 278 µm, and 257 µm respectively. The independent T-Student test showed no significant differences in average marginal or internal gap among various impression and gypsum materials or their interactions (p>0.05). Two-way ANOVA test showed no significant differences in maximum marginal or internal gap among various impression and gypsum materials and their interactions (p>0.05). Conclusion: The present study revealed no statistically significant difference in marginal/internal gap among crowns prepared using different combinations of impression-pouring materials evaluated.

Introducción: Dos factores importantes en la prótesis dental son hacer una impresión precisa y la producción de un modelo adecuado que represente la relación exacta entre el diente preparado y las estructuras orales. Este estudio, tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos de diferentes combinaciones de materiales de impresión y vertido sobre la adaptación marginal e interna de coronas de zirconio premolar. Material y Métodos: Se prepararon cuarenta premolares maxilares considerando la línea de meta del hombro redondo. Las impresiones se realizaron con silicio adicional (Panasil) o de condensación (Speedex) y se vertieron con dos tipos diferentes de materiales de yeso (yeso Siladent o GC) (N = 10). Las coronas de zirconio se fabricaron utilizando el sistema CAD-CAM. Las coronas se cementaron y las muestras se cortaron en dirección buco-lingual. La brecha marginal e interna se midió con estereomicroscopio (×25). Resultados: Las brechas marginales medias para Pansil-Siladent, Panasil-GC, Speedex-Siladent y Speedex-GC fueron de 141µm, 143µm, 131µm y 137µm, respectivamente. Las brechas internas fueron 334µm, 292µm, 278µm y 257µm, respectivamente. La prueba de T-Student independiente no mostró diferencias significativas en la brecha marginal o interna promedio entre varios materiales de impresión y yeso o sus interacciones (p>0.05). La prueba ANOVA bidireccional no mostró diferencias significativas en el espacio marginal o interno máximo entre varios materiales de yeso y de impresión y sus interacciones (p>0.05). Conclusión: El presente estudio no reveló diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la brecha marginal/interna entre las coronas preparadas con diferentes combinaciones de materiales de impresión y vertido evaluados.

Humans , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Crowns , Dental Impression Materials , Zirconium/chemistry , Bicuspid , Calcium Sulfate , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Cements , Dental Restoration, Permanent
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 374-379, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132322


Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the implant volume loss, vertical misfit between abutment and prosthetic platform, prosthetic screw loosening torque, and screw stress distribution in titanium and zirconia abutments. Ten CAD/CAM system custom abutments of each material were milled and attached to the titanium implants. The implant volume loss was evaluated by microtomography, the vertical misfit with optical microscopy, and digital torque wrench measured the prosthetic screw loosening. All experimental analyses were performed before and after mechanical cycle (1,000,000 cycles, 100 N/2 Hz). Virtual models of the structures were created for finite element analysis, and the stress on the screw obtained with von Mises procedure. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, two-way ANOVA for repeated measures, and Tukey's HSD test (a=0.05). There was no significant difference in the implant volume loss for the two abutment materials (p=0.662). Titanium abutments provided higher loosening torque values after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). Lesser marginal misfit was obtained with titanium abutments before and after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). The stress distribution on the screw was similar between abutment materials. In conclusion, CAD/CAM custom titanium abutment reduced the marginal misfit and increased the torque maintenance of prosthetic screws when compared to CAD/CAM custom zirconia abutment.

Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi verificar o efeito da diminuição de volume do implante, desajuste vertical entre o pilar e plataforma protética, torque de afrouxamento do parafuso protético e distribuição da tensão no parafuso em pilares de titânio e zircônia. Dez pilares personalizados de cada material foram fresados e conectados aos implantes de titânio. A diminuição de volume do implante foi avaliada com microtomografia, o desajuste vertical com microscopia óptica e o torque de afrouxamento do parafuso protético com chave de torque digital. Todas as análises experimentais foram realizadas antes e após aplicação do ciclo mecânico (1.000.000 ciclos, 100 N/2 Hz). Modelos virtuais das estruturas foram criados para análise por elementos finitos e a tensão no parafuso obtida com valores de von Mises. Os dados foram analisados usando teste t independente, análise de varância dois fatores para medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey HSD (a=0,05). Não houve diferença significativa na diminuição de volume do implante para os dois materiais do pilar (p= 0,662). Os pilares de titânio proporcionaram maiores valores de torque de afrouxamento após o ciclo mecânico (p<0,001). O menor desajuste marginal foi obtido com os pilares de titânio antes e após o ciclo mecânico (p<0,001). A distribuição da tensão no parafuso foi similar entre os materiais. Em conclusão, os pilares personalizados de titânio reduziram o desajuste marginal e aumentaram a manutenção do torque dos parafusos protéticos quando comparados aos pilares de zircônia.

Titanium , Dental Abutments , Zirconium , Bone Screws
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 127-134, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132279


Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the internal and vertical marginal fit of metallic copings to abutments and the fracture strength of different narrow diameter dental implant/abutments, either submitted to thermomechanical cycling or not. Sixty-four implant/abutments (n=16) were divided into 4 groups according to diameter and abutment type: G3.5-UAC (morse taper implant Ø3.5mm + universal abutment with beveled chamfer finish); G2.9-UAS (morse taper implant Ø2.9mm + universal abutment with shoulder finish); G2.8-AA (morse taper friction implant Ø2.8mm + anatomical abutment) and G2.5-HP (one-piece implant Ø2.5mm with indexed hexagonal platform). Each group was divided into two subgroups (n=8): submitted and not submitted to thermomechanical cycling (TMC). To assess internal and vertical marginal fit of metallic copings, the assemblies were scanned using microtomography (micro-CT) (n=5). The samples were subjected to the compressive strength test on a universal test machine. Group G3.5-UAC showed the highest marginal misfit regardless of TMC (p<0.05). All other groups were similar after TMC. Group G2.8-AA showed the lowest internal misfit both with and without TMC (p<0.05). Group G2.8-AA showed the highest fracture strength, similar only to G2.5-HP without TMC and G3.5-UAC with TMC. The type of abutment affects the internal and marginal fit of metallic copings and the anatomical abutment led to the best internal and marginal coping fit. The narrow diameter dental implant/abutments differ in terms of fracture strength, the strongest assembly was that composed by implant of type V grade titanium without internal threads (friction implant).

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a adaptação marginal e interna de cópings metálicos em pilares sobre implantes, e a resistência a fratura de diferentes conjuntos de implantes/pilares de diâmetro reduzido, submetidos à ciclagem termomecânica ou não. Sessenta e quatro implantes/pilares (n=16) foram divididos em 04 grupos de acordo com o tipo de pilar e diâmetro do implante: G3.5-UAC (implante cone morse Ø3.5mm + munhão universal com término em chanfro); G2.9-UAS (implante cone morse Ø2.9mm + munhão universal com término em ombro); G2.8-AA (implante cone morse friccional Ø2.8mm + munhão anatômico); e G2.5-HP (implante de corpo único de Ø2.5mm com plataforma hexagonal indexada). Cada grupo foi dividio em dois subgrupos (n=8): submetidos ou não à ciclagem termomecânica (TMC). As amostras foram escaneadas por microtomografia (micro-CT) para avaliar a adaptação interna e marginal vertical dos copings metálicos. As amostras foram submetidas à resistência à compressão em uma maquina de ensaios universal. O grupo G3.5-UAC apresentou os maiores valores de desadaptação marginal independentemente da TMC (p<0,05). Todos os outros grupos foram similares entre si após TMC. O grupo G2.8-AA demonstrou o menor desajuste interno independentemente de TMC (p<0,05). O grupo G2.8-AA demonstrou a maior resistência à fratura, similar apenas ao grupo G2.5-HP sem TMC e G3.5-UAC com TMC. O tipo de pilar influencia a adaptação interna e marginal vertical de copings metálicos. O grupo do pilar anatômico (sem entalhes na superfície) levou à melhor adaptação, enquanto o grupo com plataforma expandida hexagonal e os grupos com munhão universal (com entalhes na superfície) proporcionaram os maiores desajustes (especialmente com termino em chanfro). Os implantes/pilares de diâmetro reduzido diferem em termos de resistencia à fratura, sendo que o conjunto mais resistente foi aquele composto por titânio tipo V e sem roscas internas (implante friccional).

Dental Implants , Titanium , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Dental Abutments , Dental Stress Analysis , Dental Implant-Abutment Design , Flexural Strength
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(1): 63-71, feb. 28, 2020. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151505


Optimal flexural strength is a critical prerequisite for prosthetic frameworks. This study aimed to assess the flexural strength of polyether ether ketone (PEEK) polymer compared to a base metal alloy and high-strength Zirconia ceramic commonly used in prosthodontic treatments. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro, experimental study, 10 bar-shaped samples measuring 18×5×2mm were fabricated of each the PEEK polymer, nickel-chromium base metal alloy and zirconia ceramic. Half of the samples in each group were subjected to 5000 thermal cycles between 5°C - 55°C with 20 seconds of dwell time and 20 seconds of transfer time to simulate oral conditions. All samples then underwent three-point bending test. Two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test were applied to compare the mean flexural strength of the groups with and without thermocycling at 0.05 level of significance. Results: The flexural strength of base metal alloy, Zirconia and PEEK was 1387.70±45.50 MPa, 895.13±13.99 MPa and 192.10±5.37 MPa, respectively. The difference was significant among the groups (p<0.001). Thermocycling had no significant effect on the flexural strength of samples in any group (p=0.306). Conclusion: PEEK high-performance polymer had a lower flexural strength than base metal alloy and Zirconia ceramic, and its flexural strength was not affected by thermocycling. PEEK seems to be able to resist masticatory forces in the oral cavity pending further in vitro and clinical studies.

La resistencia a la flexión óptima es un requisito previo crítico para los marcos protésicos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la resistencia a la flexión del polímero de poliéter éter cetona (PEEK) en comparación con una aleación de metal base y cerámica de Zirconia de alta resistencia comúnmente utilizada en tratamientos de prostodoncia. Materiales and Métodos: En este estudio experimentalin vitro, se fabricaron 10 muestras en forma de barra de 18 × 5 × 2mm de cada polímero PEEK, aleación de metal base de níquel-cromo y cerámica de circonio. La mitad de las muestras en cada grupo fueron sometidas a 5000 ciclos térmicos entre 5°C - 55°C con 20 segundos de tiempo de permanencia y 20 segundos de tiempo de transferencia para simular condiciones orales. Todas las muestras se sometieron a una prueba de flexión de tres puntos. Se aplicó ANOVA bidireccional seguido de la prueba de Tukey para comparar la resistencia a la flexión media de los grupos con y sin termociclado a un nivel de significancia de 0.05. Resultados: La resistencia a la flexión de la aleación de metal base, Zirconia y PEEK fue de 1387,70 ± 45,50 MPa; 895,13 ± 13,99 MPa y 192.10 ± 5,37 MPa, respectivamente. La diferencia fue significativa entre los grupos (p<0,001). El termociclado no tuvo un efecto significativo sobre la resistencia a la flexión de las muestras en ningún grupo (p=0,306).Conclusión:El polímero de alto rendimiento PEEK tiene una resistencia a la flexión más baja que la aleación de metal base y la cerámica de circonio, y su resistencia a la flexión no se vio afectada por el termociclado. PEEK parece ser capaz de resistir las fuerzas masticatorias en la cavidad oral, con la necesidad de más estudios in vitroy clínicos.

Humans , Prosthodontics/methods , Zirconium/chemistry , Flexural Strength , Biocompatible Materials , In Vitro Techniques , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Dental Stress Analysis