Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 22
Filter
1.
AJMB-Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. 2017; 9 (1): 8-12
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185806

ABSTRACT

Background: M2000 is a newly designed and safe Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug [NSAID]. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of M2000 on expression levels of Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling-1 [SOCS-1] and Src Homology-2 domain containing inositol-5'-phosphatase 1 [SHIP1] proteins via Toll-Like Receptor [TLR] 2/microRNA-155 pathway


Methods: HEK293 TLR2 cell line and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells [PBMCs] were treated by different concentrations of M2000 in MTT assay. RNA was extracted by miRN easy Mini kit. Then, cDNA was synthesized and the expression levels of SOCS1, SHIP1 and miRNA155 were evaluated by Quantitative Real time PCR


Results: Our results showed that M2000 significantly increased the expression levels of SOCS1 and SHIP-1 in Lipopolysachride [LPS]-treated and non-treated cells. Moreover, M2000 decreased expression level of miR-155 in LPS treated PBMCs


Conclusion: M2000 can be used as NSAID in LPS induced inflammation and decrease inflammatory cytokines production by targeting SOCS1, SHIP1 and miR-155 in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases


Subject(s)
Humans , Toll-Like Receptor 2/drug effects , MicroRNAs/drug effects , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein/drug effects , src Homology Domains , Iran
2.
Clinics ; 68(10): 1371-1375, out. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of protein tyrosine kinase 2 and protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 11, which respectively encode focal adhesion kinase protein and src homology 2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase 2, in hematopoietic cells from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. METHODS: Protein tyrosine kinase 2 and tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 11 expressions were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in bone marrow cells from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes and healthy donors. RESULTS: Protein tyrosine kinase 2 and tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 11 expressions did not significantly differ between normal cells and myelodysplastic cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that despite the relevance of focal adhesion kinase and src homology 2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase 2 in hematopoietic disorders, their mRNA expression do not significantly differ between total bone marrow cells from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes and healthy donors. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , /metabolism , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/metabolism , /analysis , /analysis , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/analysis , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , /metabolism , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , src Homology Domains/physiology
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 945-951, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353400

ABSTRACT

G3BP (Ras-GTPase-activating protein SH3 domain binding protein), a protein which binds to RasGAP SH3 domain, belongs to RNA-binding protein family, implicating in the downstream of Ras signaling. G3BP harbors the activities of endoribonuclease and DNA helicase, and can induce stress granules formation. G3BP plays a general role in the signal pathways of cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and RNA metabolism. It has been shown to be over-expressed in a number of human malignancies and has a close relationship with tumor invasion and metastasis. Given that it has been implicated in several pathways that are known to be involved in cancer biology, G3BP may provide a new target for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Helicases , Drug Delivery Systems , GTPase-Activating Proteins , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Peptide Fragments , Therapeutic Uses , Phosphorylation , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins , RNA Helicases , RNA Recognition Motif Proteins , Signal Transduction , ras GTPase-Activating Proteins , Metabolism , src Homology Domains , Genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301620

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the interaction between ShcD and TrkC and to reveal the molecular mechanism of the downstream signal transduction of TrkC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Yeast two-hybrid assay was used. The intracellular domains of TrkC and TrkC mutants were cloned into pAS2-1, and ShcD and its four domains (CH2, PTB, CH1, and SH2 domains) were cloned into pACT2 vector respectively. The constructs were separately cotransformed into yeast. beta-galactosidase activity was measured to detect their interactions. TrkC was cloned into pmRFP (carrying red fluorescent protein), and ShcD was cloned into pEGFP (carrying green fluorescent protein). pmRFP-TrkC and pEGFP-ShcD were co-transfected into 293T cells, and then the cells were fixed and subjected to confocal analysis to study their subcellular localization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ShcD interacted with TrkC but not with kinase dead mutant TrkCM1(K572A). Both PTB and SH2 domains were capable of binding to TrkC, and PTB domain bound NPQY motif of TrkC. ShcD colocalized with TrkC throughout the cytoplasm and in the plasma membrane in 293T cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ShcD binds to TrkC in a kinase-activity-dependent manner through its PTB and SH2 domains.</p>


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Metabolism , Binding Sites , Cells, Cultured , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Plasmids , Genetics , Protein Binding , Receptor, trkC , Genetics , Metabolism , Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection , Transformation, Bacterial , Two-Hybrid System Techniques , src Homology Domains , Genetics
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 385-388, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344887

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Laryngeal carcinoma is a common malignant tumor of the upper respiratory tract, and in 95% of cases the tumor is laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). The abnormity of SH3-domain GRB2-like 2 (SH3GL2) gene was found in LSCC. In order to clarify the relationship between SH3GL2 gene and LSCC, we evaluated the expression of the SH3GL2 gene in LSCC.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression and find the various rules of SH3GL2 gene in LSCC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The result of real-time PCR showed that the expression level of SH3GL2 mRNA in LSCC tissue was apparently down-regulated; immunohistochemical analysis showed that SH3GL2 protein was mainly located in cytoplasm, the rate of positive cells and SH3GL2 protein expression level were fluctuated with the pathological classification of LSCC; the result of Western blotting showed that SH3GL2 protein was down-regulated significantly in LSCC samples, especially in metastatic lymph nodes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>These results suggest that SH3GL2 is a LSCC related gene and its expression level is fluctuated with the pathological classification which indicate that SH3GL2 participates in the development and progression of LSCC. And it may be considered as a novel tumor marker to find both a new anti-oncogene and relative factors of invasion and metastasis of laryngeal carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chemistry , Genetics , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Chemistry , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , src Homology Domains
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels mediate the hyperpolarizationactivated currents (Ih) that participate in regulating neuronal membrane potential and contribute critically to pacemaker activity, promoting synchronization of neuronal networks. However, distinct regional and cellular localization of HCN channels in the brain have not been precisely defined. Aim of this study was to verify the precise cellular location of HCN1 channels in rat cerebellum to better understand the physiological role these channels play in synaptic transmission between CNS neurons. METHODS: HCN1 expression in rat brain was analyzed using immunohistochemistry and electron-microscopic observations. Postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95), otherwise known as locating and clustering protein, was also examined to clarify its role in the subcellular location of HCN1 channels. In addition, to presume the binding of HCN1 channels with PSD-95, putative binding motifs in these channels were investigated using softwaresearching method. RESULTS: HCN1 channels were locally distributed at the presynaptic terminal of basket cell and exactly corresponded with the location of PSD-95. Moreover, nine putative SH3 domain of PSD-95 binding motifs were discovered in HCN1 channels from motif analysis. CONCLUSION: Distinct localization of HCN1 channels in rat cerebellum is possible, especially when analyzed in conjunction with the SH3 domain of PSD-95. Considering that HCN1 channels contribute to spontaneous rhythmic action potentials, it is suggested that HCN1 channels located at the presynaptic terminal of neurons may play an important role in synaptic plasticity.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Brain , Cerebellar Cortex , Cerebellum , Hyperpolarization-Activated Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated Channels , Immunohistochemistry , Membrane Potentials , Neurons , Plastics , Presynaptic Terminals , Rats , src Homology Domains , Synaptic Transmission
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-784649

ABSTRACT

0.7). The "RUNX-1" was increased its expression in 2 hours group and "RUN and SH3 domain containing 1" was increased its expression in 4 hours group. The "CC020415", "cyclin L1", "interferon regulatory factor1", "early growth response 1", "immediate early response 2", and "immediate early response 3" genes were increased their expression in 2 and 4 hours after FISS application. In conclusion, we could find many genes that were probably related to the FISS application. Interestingly, most of them were placed in similar molecular pathways and these findings improve the reliability of chip data and usefulness in overall screening. From this experiment, we could find many items for further study and it will make improvement in the understanding of intracellular events in response to FISS.


Subject(s)
DNA, Complementary , Fibroblasts , Gene Expression , Homeostasis , Humans , Mass Screening , Mouth , Mouth Mucosa , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA , src Homology Domains
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343911

ABSTRACT

Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are one kind of adult stem cells that can self-renew and give rise to one or more mesenchymal tissues, existing in bone marrow and other tissues. Not similar to CD34 recognizing hematopoietic stem cells, no such marker can be used yet to identify MSC. To isolate and identify MSC from bone marrow, anti-SH2 and SH3 monoclonal antibodies as markers to identify MSC were used. Two monoclonal antibodies were purified from ascites of SH2 and SH3 hybridomas-inoculated mice, flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry were used to identify plastic-adherent cultured MSC. And SH2 and SH3 antigen positive cells were isolated from bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) by immunobeads covered with secondary antibodies. And anti-SH2 and CD105 McAbs were used to label MSC at the same time to clarify whether they recognize the same antigen. The results showed that about 80% of MSC were antigens SH3 and SH2 positive. The SH2 and SH3 positive-selected cells were MSC while MSC accounted for less than 1% of negative-selected cells. When cells were labeled by SH2 McAb, they could not be labeled by CD105 simutaneously. In conclusion, antigens SH2 and SH3 are specific markers to identify and isolate MSC. Anti-SH2 McAb can replace anti-CD105 McAb to identify the specific marker on MSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Cells, Cultured , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Immunomagnetic Separation , Methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , src Homology Domains , Allergy and Immunology
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 698-702, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237088

ABSTRACT

The c-Abl nonreceptor tyrosine kinase is activated in the cellular responses to genotoxic, oxidative and other forms of stress. Using tagged forms of c-Abl, the present studies demonstrate that c-Abl forms homodimers in cells. The results show that the c-Abl N-terminal regions interact with the corresponding C-terminal regions of both partners in the dimmer. Specifically, the c-Abl SH3 domain binds to a proline-rich motif at amino acids 958-982 in the c-Abl C-terminal region. Deletion of the proline-rich motif disrupts dimmer formation. These findings provide the first evidence that c-Abl forms homodimers and indicate that homodimerization can contribute to the regulation of c-Abl activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Protein Multimerization , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl , Genetics , Metabolism , src Homology Domains
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201947

ABSTRACT

Phospholipase C-gamma1, containing two SH2 and one SH3 domains which participate in the interaction between signaling molecules, plays a significant role in the growth factor-induced signal transduction. However, the role of the SH domains in the growth factor-induced PLC-gamma1 regulation is unclear. By peptide-mass fingerprinting analysis, we have identified SHIP1 as the binding protein for the SH3 domain of PLC-gamma1. SHIP1 was co-immunoprecipitated with PLC-gamma1 and potentiated EGF-induced PLC-gamma1 activation. However, inositol 5'-phosphatase activity of SHIP1 was not required for the potentiation of EGF-induced PLC-gamma1 activation. Taken together, these results suggest that SHIP1 may function as an adaptor protein which can potentiate EGF-induced PLC-gamma1 activation without regards to its inositol 5'-phosphatase activity.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , COS Cells/enzymology , Chlorocebus aethiops , Enzyme Activation , Epidermal Growth Factor/pharmacology , Immunoprecipitation , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate/metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Type C Phospholipases/chemistry , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/chemistry , Protein Binding , Signal Transduction , src Homology Domains/physiology
11.
Korean Journal of Anatomy ; : 275-281, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-645673

ABSTRACT

In this study, the molecular mechanism of tyrosine phosphorylation of Roundabout (Robo), the transmembrane receptor for slits, was investigated. The tyrosine phosphorylation of intracellular portion of Robo was increased by the treatment of tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors in human embryonic kidney cells transfected with Robo. The Robo tyrosine phosphorylation was inhibited by the treatment of Src family kinase inhibitor, PP2. The co-transfection of constitutively active form of Fyn, not the dominant negative form of Fyn, and Robo dramatically enhanced the tyrosine phosphorylation of Robo. Furthermore, the SH2 domain of Fyn, which binds to phosphorylated tyrosine residues, interact with Robo, and the interaction was increased by the inhibition of tyrosine phosphatases. These findings indicate that the tyrosine phosphorylation of Robo is regulated by Fyn.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , src Homology Domains , Tyrosine
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339487

ABSTRACT

Domain database is essential for domain property research. Eliminating redundant information in database query is very important for database quality. Here we report the manual construction of a non-redundant human SH2 domain database. There are 119 human SH2 domains in 110 SH2-containing proteins. Human SH2s were aligned with ClustalX, and a homologous tree was generated. In this tree, proteins with similar known function were classified into the same group. Some proteins in the same group have been reported to have similar binding motifs experimentally. The tree might provide clues about possible functions of hypothetical proteins for further experimental verification.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Computational Biology , Databases, Protein , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Sequence Alignment , src Homology Domains , Genetics
13.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : S798-S804, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138905

ABSTRACT

X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is characterized by early onset of recurrent bacterial infection, markedly reduced levels of all major classes of immunoglobulins in the serum and few mature B cells in the blood. XLA is known to be associated with mutations in Bruton's tyrosin kinase (Btk). The Btk protein consists of 5 functional domains; the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, the Tec homology (TH) domain, the Src homology 3 (SH3) domain, the SH2 domain, and the kinase (SH1) domain. Mutations in all domains of the Btk gene have been shown to cause XLA. The large number of Alu elements within the human genome provides abundant opportunities for unequal homologous recombination events between Alu repeats, resulting in human disease. We present a case of XLA with deletion of introns 15-18 of Btk gene which were mediated by an Alu-Alu recombination event.


Subject(s)
Agammaglobulinemia , Alu Elements , B-Lymphocytes , Bacterial Infections , Genome, Human , Homologous Recombination , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Introns , Phosphotransferases , Recombination, Genetic , src Homology Domains
14.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : S798-S804, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138904

ABSTRACT

X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is characterized by early onset of recurrent bacterial infection, markedly reduced levels of all major classes of immunoglobulins in the serum and few mature B cells in the blood. XLA is known to be associated with mutations in Bruton's tyrosin kinase (Btk). The Btk protein consists of 5 functional domains; the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, the Tec homology (TH) domain, the Src homology 3 (SH3) domain, the SH2 domain, and the kinase (SH1) domain. Mutations in all domains of the Btk gene have been shown to cause XLA. The large number of Alu elements within the human genome provides abundant opportunities for unequal homologous recombination events between Alu repeats, resulting in human disease. We present a case of XLA with deletion of introns 15-18 of Btk gene which were mediated by an Alu-Alu recombination event.


Subject(s)
Agammaglobulinemia , Alu Elements , B-Lymphocytes , Bacterial Infections , Genome, Human , Homologous Recombination , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Introns , Phosphotransferases , Recombination, Genetic , src Homology Domains
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248529

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Cloning and characterization of a novel gene by exon trapping and exon linking at chromosome 8p22.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A novel gene was cloned using exon trapping and exon linking, and its expression was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Northern blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A sequence containing 3 exons was found. The sequence is homologous with the putative gene AK024799 which consists of 2880 bp cDNA with 1362 bp open reading frame and codes 454 amino acids with an SH(2) domain. The gene was named SH(2)A at chromosome 8p22. SH(2)A gene is ubiquitously expressed in various tissues with three transcripts. The aberrant expression of SH(2)A gene in some cancers was detected.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SH(2)A is a novel docking protein of SH(2) signaling protein family, which may play an important role in cellular signal transduction. It relates to the pathogenesis of tumor.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Northern , COS Cells , Carrier Proteins , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Genetics , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Chemistry , Genetics , Exons , Gene Expression , Genes , Genetics , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors , Humans , Introns , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , RNA , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , rac1 GTP-Binding Protein , src Homology Domains , Genetics
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77163

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: bjective: By identifying the unknown substance responsible for binding with nebulin SH3 domain within the sarcomeric Z-line, we tried to find out Z-line structure which plays an important role on muscle contraction and maintenance of muscle funtion. METHOD: First, the bait plasmid was made by binding the DNA binding domain of Gal4 protein of yeast and the SH3 domain. Second, library plasmid was made by binding activation domain and human skeletal cDNA library. Then, the base sequence of the clone, produced by combining the two proteins expressed by transgenically converted plasmid in yeast, was analyzed. RESULT: We screened out six true positive clones and analyzed the base sequence of the two of six clones. We identified them to be alpha-actinin2. CONCLUSION: We can theorize that Neublin SH3 domain and alpha-actinin2 plays a vital role for the integration of Z-line. Thus, this is an important data in further studying muscle functions, mechanisms, and muscular disease as well.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Clone Cells , DNA , Gene Library , Humans , Muscle Contraction , Muscular Diseases , Plasmids , src Homology Domains , Yeasts
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42079

ABSTRACT

Amphiphysin I and II, proteins enriched in nerve terminals, form heterodimers and interact with dynamin and synaptojanin through their Src homology 3 (SH3) domain. In order to study the expression profile of Amphs in cells and tissues and the interaction state with other cellular molecules, we have prepared specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) designed to bait N-terminus, middle part, and C-terminus domains of Amph I, respectively by immunizing with the expressed smaller domain molecules using the GST gene fusion system. The expression of Amphs was found to be most abundant in PC12 cells, followed by B103 cells and vascular smooth muscle cells. Western blot analysis showed a relatively high level expression of Amphs that were found in both mouse and rat brain. There appeared to be some species difference in the expression pattern, i.e. Amphs are present more in the testis than in the lungs in rats, however, they are reversed in mice. Characterization of the mAbs revealed that clone 14-23 precipitated Amph I and II, whereas clone 8-2 could only precipitate Amph I. In addition, clathrin and dynamin in a complex with Amph were captured in the precipitate formed by mAbs and identified by the Western blot analysis. Cellular distribution of Amph was visualized with confocal immunofluorescence microscopy performed using the labeled-mAbs. Taken together, these results demonstrated that mAbs provided an excellent measure for studying Amphs' expression profile and their interacting proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Blotting, Western , Brain/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Dimerization , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Glutathione Transferase/metabolism , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microscopy, Confocal , Nerve Tissue Proteins/chemistry , PC12 Cells , Precipitin Tests , Protein Binding , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Rats , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolism , src Homology Domains
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42076

ABSTRACT

Clathrin-mediated vesicle formation is an essential step in the intracellular trafficking of the protein and lipid. Binding of clathrin assembly protein to clathrin triskelia induces their assembly into clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs). In order to better understand a possible role of post-translational modification of CALM (clathrin assembly protein lymphoid myeloid), the homologue of AP180, in the assembly of CCVs, CALM was expressed in the cell-free reticulocyte translation system that is capable of carrying out post-translational modification. The apparent molecular weight of the expressed recombinant CALM was estimated as 105 kD. Alkaline phosphatase treatment of CALM resulted in a mobility shift on SDS-PAGE. We found that CALM was associated with the proteins harboring SH3 domain, promote assembly of clathrin triskelia into clathrin cage and bound to the preformed clathrin cage. CALM was also proteolyzed by caspase 3 and calpain but not by caspase 8. These results indicated that the post-translationally modified CALM, expressed in the eukaryotic cell-free reticulocyte translation system was able to mediate the assembly of clathrin and the coated-vesicle formation.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase/pharmacology , Animals , Brain/metabolism , Calpain/metabolism , Carrier Proteins/chemistry , Caspases/metabolism , Cattle , Cell-Free System , Clathrin/chemistry , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Glutathione Transferase/metabolism , Lipids/chemistry , Membrane Proteins/chemistry , Phosphorylation , Protein Binding , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Protein Transport , Recombinant Proteins/chemistry , Reticulocytes/metabolism , Protein Biosynthesis , src Homology Domains
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75097

ABSTRACT

Clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) are involved in protein and lipid trafficking between intracellular compartments in eukaryotic cells. CCVs are composed of clathrin and assembly proteins. The clathrin assembly protein lymphoid myeloid leukemia (CALM) gene, encodes a homologoue of the neuronal clathrin assembly protein AP180. In this study, we characterized the properties of the CALM expressed in E. coli. The molecular weight of bacterially expressed GST-CALM fusion protein was approximately 105 kD on SDS-PAGE. The CALM protein could promote clathrin triskelia into clathrin cages and could bind the preformed clathrin cage. However, 33 kD N-terminal domain of CALM could not bind pre-assembled clathrin cages, but assemble clathrin triskelia into clathrin cages. The CALM protein was bound to SH3 domain through N-terminal domain1, in vitro. The CALM protein is proteolyzed by caspase 3, caspase 8 and calpain through C-terminal domain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Calpain/chemistry , Caspases/chemistry , Clathrin-Coated Vesicles/metabolism , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Escherichia coli/genetics , Female , Glutathione Transferase/genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins/chemistry , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Phosphoproteins/chemistry , Protein Binding , Rabbits , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolism , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/chemistry , src Homology Domains
20.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 1999 Jan; 37(1): 1-5
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-60010

ABSTRACT

Research into phospholipid signaling continues to flourish, as more and more bioactive lipids and proteins are being identified and their actions characterised. The Pleckstrin homology (PH) domain is one such newly recognized protein module thought to play an important role in intracellular signal transduction. The tertiary structures of several PH domains have been determined, some of them complexed with ligands and on the basis of structural similarities between PH domains and lipid binding proteins it has been suggested that PH domains may be binding to lipophilic molecules. In fact many of the proteins that contain this domain can interfere with the membrane association. This review examines the specificity of this binding and illustrates the importance of charge-charge interactions in PIP2-PH domain complex formation. The precise physiological functions of PH domain in vivo remains to be explored therefore this review examines the biochemical aspects of the interaction of PH domains with phospholipid breakdown mediated products and proto-oncogenic serine-threonine kinase (Akt), protein tyrosine kinases, which have been found to be a target of phospholipid second messengers. Thus, number of cellular processes mediated by this way, ranging from insulin signaling and protein synthesis to differentiation and cell survival are regulated by this intracellular signaling protein module.


Subject(s)
Blood Proteins/metabolism , Phospholipases/metabolism , Phospholipids/metabolism , Phosphoproteins , Signal Transduction , src Homology Domains
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL