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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812026

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the mediating effects of sleep quality in the association between beverages consumption and depressive symptoms in Chinese university students, and to provide a theoretical reference for preventing and reducing depression symptoms.@*Methods@#This school-based cross-sectional survey was carried out among 4 624 university students from 2 universities in Anhui and Jiangxi provinces of China. The patient health questionnaire-9 items (PHQ-9) was used to assess depressive symptoms. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) was used to assess sleep quality, and a self-reported dietary frequency questionnaire was used to measure beverages consumption. The quantile regression model was used to association analysis, and the latent variable mediation model was used to analyze the mediation effect.@*Results@#The positive rates of mild, moderate, moderate to severe and severe depression in 4 624 university students were 31.4%, 7.5%, 4.1% and 2.0%, respectively. There was a significant association between the beverages consumption score, the PSQI score, and the PHQ-9 score( P <0.01). The higher the quantile of the beverage consumption and PSQI score, the greater the regression coefficient ( β ), and a significant dose-response relationship was observed( P <0.01). In the latent variable mediation model of beverages consumption associated with depressive symptoms in Chinese university students, the mediating effect value of sleep quality was 0.12, and the ratio of mediating effect to total effect was 71.3%.@*Conclusion@#Our study demonstrates that poor sleep quality partially mediates the association between beverages consumption and depressive symptoms in Chinese university students.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812023

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate anemia and related nutritional status of 6-17 years old boarding school students in rural areas of central and western China, and to reveal the difference of nutrition problems in different regions.@*Methods@#In the central and western regions, Henan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Guangxi and Sichuan provinces, as well as Tibet Autonomous Region were selected for this survey considering similar per capita GDP levels. One secondary school and one primary school which participated in the National Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students were selected from each province. One class was selected from each grade of every school by using cluster sampling method. A total of 2 180 students were selected in this survey. Venous blood was collected and the level of hemoglobin, ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor, folic acid and vitamin B12 was analyzed to evaluate anemia and nutrient deficiencies.@*Results@#As for western region, prevalence of anemia among students aged 6-8 and 9-11 years was 3.2% and 2.9%, respectively; iron deficiency prevalence among students aged 6-8, 9-11 and 12-14 years was 10.8%, 13.8% and 24.3%, respectively; and folic deficiency prevalence among students aged 12-14 and 15-17 years was 32.7 % and 49.4%, respectively. Prevalence of anemia, iron and folic deficiency in those areas was significantly higher than those of central regions (all P <0.05). As for the central regions, vitamin B12 deficiency prevalence of students aged 6-8, 9-11, 12-14 and 15-17 years was 7.3%, 19.4%, 29.2% and 45.5% respectively, which was significantly higher than of those of the western regions at the same age group.@*Conclusion@#Anemia, iron deficiency and folic acid deficiency are more common among students in western region, while the vitamin B12 deficiency problem is more common in central region. There are regional differences in the nutritional problems of students in the rural areas of central and western part of China. Nutrition improvement of student needs to be adapted to local conditions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812018

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Mishima Michiyoshi and Li Tingan is considered as the pioneers who comprehensively studied and actively promoted school health in modern Japan and China, respectively. School Hygiene and School Hygiene Summary was the concentrated embodiment and experience summary of Mishima Michiyoshi and LI Tingan’s school hygiene ideology, and the combination product of western public health theory and modern Japanese and Chinese school hygiene practice. They both emphasized that school hygiene can make a significant impact on the future of the country and the nation, which was the starting point for school health. School hygiene attached great importance to school sanitation, physical training, as well as infectious diseases and myopia prevention.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812017

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Children and adolescents undergo striking physical, intellectual, and emotional growth while receiving collective education. It’s a developmental period highly influenced by the unhealthy behaviors and lifestyles, and characterized with multiple newly emerging health issues, including lower mortality declines in adolescents compared with children under five, higher prevalence of myopia and obesity at younger ages, improved but still declining physical fitness, as well as vulnerability to a range of mental health conditions. School health is an indispensable component of public health in China, with an ultimate goal of maintaining and promoting good health for children and adolescents. School health in the new era should echo the action of Healthy China initiative, fulfilling government functions fully and correctly, and achieving universal health coverage for students, which is broadly guaranteed by the implementation of Healthy China strategy at present. Collective action for myopia prevention and control presents as the forerunner of universal health care for students across China.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 295-297, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812016

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the contamination, antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes of S. aureus from toilets of primary schools in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#The surface samples of toilets were collected from eight primary schools in Guangzhou from May to July 2016. The standard microbiological assays, disk diffusion methods and PCR technique were used for the isolation and identification, antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes of S. aureus .@*Results@#The contamination rate of S. aureus and MRSA was 6.25% and 3.13%, respectively. There was significant difference in the contamination rate of S. aureus among different sampling sites ( χ 2=15.15, P <0.01) and the highest contamination rate was on the ground (15.00%).The most predominant antibiotic for S. aureus was penicillin (100.00%) and the proportions of resistant to teicoplanin, erythromycin,rifampicin, clindamycin and linezolid were more than 75.00%.The multidrug resistant rate of S. aureus was 85.00%.The detection rate of virulence genes of S. aureus was sea (50.00%), tst (30.00%), etb (15.00%), eta (10.00%), seb (10.00%) and pvl (5.00%), respectively.@*Conclusion@#The contamination rate of S. aureus from toilets of primary schools in Guangzhou is in a lower level among similar researches. However, the contamination of MRSA is serious, which accounts for half of S. aureus . In addition, S. aureus isolates show high multi-drug resistant rate and high detection rate of virulence genes.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 292-294, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812015

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the quality of the first permanent molars pit and fissure sealant for school-aged children in Xi'an from 2010 to 2018, and to provide a reference for preventing dental caries.@*Methods@#A total of 5 871 children were selected from different regions from 2010 to 2018 by cluster random sampling method for the quality inspection of pit and fissure sealant.@*Results@#The quality of pit and fissure sealant has been improved by year in Xi'an ( χ 2=1 326.39, P <0.01). The rate of intact sealant was 92.57% in 2018. The quality of project and reservation rate in rural areas(64.23%, 76.83%) were worse than those in urban (84.17%, 90.80%) and suburban areas(84.21%, 91.88%)( χ 2=310.58, 296.52, P <0.01); The quality of pit and fissure sealant was highest in tertiary hospitals(87.28%, 91.07%), followed by private hospitals(84.60%, 91.43%), primary hospitals(84.42%, 92.02%), secondary hospitals(72.79%, 84.45%)( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The quality of pit and fissure sealant in Xi'an reached the national requirement, but there is obvious gap between town and country, the quality of project varied substantially across medical institutions .Training and supervision should be strengthened in the future work.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 290-291, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812014

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the drinking water quality of rural schools in Harbin in the past five years.@*Methods@#According to the requirements of Harbin municipal drinking water sanitation monitoring program, rural schools were monitored for drinking water in dry and wet periods, water quality was tested according to the standard test method for drinking water (GB/T 5750—2006), and water quality was evaluated according to the standard for drinking water (GB 5749—2006).@*Results@#A total of 320 water samples were tested from 2014 to 2018, and the qualified rate was 75.63% in 5 years, which showed an increasing trend( χ 2=10.81, P <0.05). The qualified rate of drinking water in treated rural schools (79.41%) was higher than that in untreated rural schools(68.97%)( χ 2=4.38, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The drinking water sanitation of rural schools in Harbin is not optimistic. Supervision and monitoring of drinking water in rural schools, construction and management of treatment and disinfection facilities should be strengthened to ensure the safety of drinking water for teachers and students.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 283-289, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812013

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct a model of professional competency standard for school health education teachers in China, then to provide a framework for the professional development of health education teachers at primary and secondary schools.@*Methods@#Seventy-five indicators of professional competency of school health education teacher were identified through job task analysis, qualitative interview, expert consultation. A total of 282 school health administrators/researchers, school principals, health education teachers in Shanghai, and the first undergraduate students of health education progame in China were surveyed. Items analysis verified appropriateness, and exploratory factor analysis determined construct validity of the competency standards.@*Results@#The framework of competency standards consists of four major areas (general literacy, school health services, school health education, school health management), nine categories, and 70 competence standards. Nine categories include professional ethics, general literacy as teacher, assist to deal with emergency/accident health events and common diseases situation in school, assist vaccination and mental health assessment, monitoring/communication the health situation of students, knowledge of health education and teaching skills, implement health education activities effectively and continuously, deal with infectious diseases and environment/ water/food safety in school, monitor conditions of the school health and optimize health strategy continuously. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient of total competence standards was 0.98, and those of the sub-dimensions ranged from 0.86 to 0.96 ; the split-half reliability of total system was 0.93 with sub-dimensions coefficient ranging from 0.83 to 0.95.@*Conclusion@#The model of competency standard developed in this study show good validity and reliability, which can provide theoretical framework for the training, using and evaluation of school health education teachers with the characteristics of combinating medicine and teaching.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 280-282, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812012

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of high blood pressure in adolescent children and adolescents in Jiamusi, Heilongjiang Province, China. To analyze age , gender-and age* gender-spectific classification of blood pressure to height ratio for screening high blood pressure in adolescence.@*Methods@#Anthropometric parameters were measured in 26 068 Han students aged 10 to 17 participating in the routine physical examination in Jiamusi, Heilongjiang Province. Using the receive operating characteristic curve to determine the cutoffs for screening high blood pressure by three classification methods. The area under curve( AUC ), sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (+ LR ), negative likelihood ratio (- LR ), positive predictive value (PPV ), negative predictive value ( NPV ), and Kappa value were used for evaluation.@*Results@#The detection rate of high blood pressure in children and adolescents was 22.7%. When screening high blood pressure in adolescence, the AUC , sensitivity, specificity, +LR, -LR, PPV, NPV , and Kappa values of the gender classification were 0.87, 95.0%, 79.1%, 4.56, 0.06, 57.2%, 98.2% , 0.60, respectively; the age classification were 0.89, 93.3%, 84.5%, 6.04, 0.08, 64.0%, 97.7%, 0.67, respectively; the age-gender classification were 0.90, 94.3%, 85.5%, 6.52, 0.07, 65.7%, 98.1%, 0.69, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and negative predictive values of the three methods were higher, but the positive predictive value was lower. The age-gender classification had the highest AUC and Kappa value and the lowest were gender classification.@*Conclusion@#The age-gender classification has the best screening effect, but it is relatively complicated. The age classification has a good screening effect and it is more convenient. Both methods are recommended for screening for high blood pressure during puberty.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 276-279, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812011

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of varicella epidemic situation at schools and kindergartens in Fengxian district of Shanghai during 2012-2018, and to provide evidence for developing control and prevention strategies.@*Methods@#Data of varicella epidemic situation at schools and kindergartens and varicella cases were analyzed by descriptive methods. The rates were compared with chi-square test.@*Results@#A total of 6 727 varicella cases were reported in Fengxian during 2012-2018, for an incidence of 85.34 per 100 000 population. Totally 66 varicella epidemic outbreaks and public health emergencies caused by varicella were reported, which involved 741 varicella cases. Among them, 426 were breakthrough cases (57.49%). The average interval time of breakthrough cases were (6.78±2.79)years, and the incidence was more concentrated in the 3-9 years after vaccination with varicella vaccine. Most breakthrough cases appeared 5 years past vaccination. The peak time of varicella was from April to June and from October to December. Most of cases were in the 5-11 year-old group and 15-17 year-old group. The cases in males was higher than in females. Kindergarten childcare and primary school children were at high risk of varicella. Timeliness of reporting was positively correlated with the duration of the varicella epidemic situation( r =0.52, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Most varicella epidemic situation in Fengxian district of Shanghai occued in primary schools during autumn and winter, and most of the varicella cases were breakthrough cases. Emergency vaccination of varicella vaccine can effectively control the spread of the epidemic. It is suggested to increase the publicity of the immunization program of 2 doses of varicella vaccine and raise the awareness of varicella vaccination of children’s parents.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 273-275, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812010

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the incidence and trend of pulmonary tuberculosis among students in Bengbu city during 2010 to 2018.@*Methods@#Descriptive epidemiological method was adopted to analyze data from "Bengbu tuberculosis management information system" during 2010-2018. Trend of student tuberculosis prevalence, epidemiological characteristics and management of medical registration card were analyzed.@*Results@#During 2010-2018, there were 681 cases of tuberculosis among students registered in Bengbu city, with an average annual incidence of 12.98/100 000. Majority of the cases aged 15-19 years, and were reported in the first quarter. Four clusters of outbreaks were reported. Most of the patients were found through symptomatic treatment. The average rate of delay a patient visited medical center was 48.60%, and the average rate of diagnosis delay was 23.79% . The delay rate of the patients showed a downward trend ( χ 2=31.64, P <0.01). The rate of delayed diagnosis was increasing ( χ 2=15.76, P <0.01). Among the 681 report cards, 248 were incomplete, with an incomplete rate of 36.42%. The completeness of the infectious disease report card showed an increasing trend year by year ( χ 2=383.81, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Tuberculosis epidemic among students in Bengbu warrants further attention. Collaboration should be strengthened between health and education departments. Implementation and dissemination of prevention programs, school health education, and regular physical examination and routine epidemic monitoring should be encouraged.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 268-272, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812009

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the relationship between the bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and obesity in children and adolescents with Meta-analysis, and to provide a new idea for prevention and control of obesity.@*Methods@#Reviewer independently searched and screened potentially relevant studies that reported the association between BPA and obesity in children and adolescents through Medline, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI, WANFANG DATA and CQVIP to March 7, 2019. Chi-square based Q test and I 2 statistic were used to assess the heterogeneity. Forest plot was used to display results graphically. Potential publication bias was assessed by the Egger and Begg tests and funnel plot.@*Results@#In total, 13 studies with 3 932 participants met the eligibility criteria, 13 articles were indentified involving 1 046 obesity children and 2 886 normal control children. Overall summary estimates indicated significant positive correlation between urinary BPA and obesity ( SMD =0.26,95% CI =0.01-0.51), and a nonsignificant association between serum BPA and obesity ( SMD =0.07,95% CI =-0.44-0.58). Significant heterogeneity was observed in overall estimates ( I 2=87.3%, P <0.01). In additon, a significant positive association was estimated in American ( SMD =0.27, 95% CI =0.16-0.39) and Europe ( SMD =3.76, 95 CI =2.77-4.74). The association between BPA and obesity was not changed in each individual (sensitivity analysis by leaving one out approach). The funnel plots did not reveal severe asymmetry, and both Egger and Begg tests were non-significant ( P >0.05); therefore, publication bias was assessed as “undetected”.@*Conclusion@#The finding from our systematic review and Meta-analysis suggest that children and adolescents exposure to BPA may result in obesity.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 265-267, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812008

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the concentration of serum bone resorption markers NTX and TRACP-5b of children aged 8-14 years in a coal-burning fluorosis area and its relationship with age, and to provide population data for the study of pathogenesis of skeletal fluorosis.@*Methods@#Totally 123 children of 8-14 schoolage in the two primary schools in Doujing Township, Shuicheng County, Liupanshui City, Guizhou Province were randomly selected as the exposed group. According to the matching principle, 64 children were randomly selected as a control from a primary school in a nondisease area Huaga Town. The dental fluorosis was investigated, and the concentrations of serum NTX and TRACP-5b were measured.@*Results@#The detection rate of dental fluorosis in the fluorosis area was 94.3% and 0 in the control area. The concentrations of serum NTX in fluorosis area children were 13.04 (10.76, 15.64), 14.82 (12.15, 18.26)nmol/L in the early adolescence and middle-aged period, which lower than the control area 15.73(14.36, 18.61), 16.45(15.45, 22.02)nmol/L( P <0.05); The serum TRACP-5b levels in children with fluorosis were 276.74(237.63, 312.75), 270.14(242.82, 321.97), 305.95(259.78, 339.87)nmol/L in prepubertal, early adolescence and middle youth, lower than the control area 370.88 (304.47, 452.84), 353.30 (262.05, 393.19), 420.22 (376.96, 544.60)nmol/L( Z =-3.03, -2.66, -3.10, P <0.05). Serum NTx and TRACP-5b in fluorosis area were negatively correlated with dental fluorosis in children( r =-0.51, -0.37, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Fluorosis can reduce the concentrations of serum bone resorption markers NTX and TRACP-5b in children of different age groups. TRACP-5b may be more sensitive to fluoride exposure than NTX, but the specific mechanism remains to be further studied.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 261-264, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812007

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study analyzed the active surveillance data of foodborne diseases among primary and secondary school students in Maanshan City. The purpose is to explore its epidemiological characteristics and provide evidence for effective prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze 976 cases of primary and secondary school students collected at the sentinel hospital in Maanshan City. Chi-square test was used to compare the distribution of foodborne diseases among primary and secondary school students with different characteristics, and the Logistic regression analysis was conducted on the influencing factors timely rate of health-seeking.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences in the distribution of food-borne diseases among primary and secondary school students in gender, urban and rural areas, hospital grades, administrative areas, eating places and food packaging or processing methods ( χ 2=5.24, 6.86, 41.45, 48.09, 27.87, 23.62, P < 0.05 ). There were 624 males (66.78%) and 352 females (33.22%). July-October was the peak period of health-seeking ( 45.77 %), and Huashan District (31.45%) had the largest number of cases. Multivariate Logistic regression showed that women ( OR =1.36, 95% CI =1.04-1.79), summer ( OR =1.68, 95% CI =1.19-2.35), autumn ( OR =1.49, 95% CI =1.04-2.12) and the Hexian area ( OR =2.71, 95% CI =1.77-4.15) were positively correlated with the timeliness of health-seeking.@*Conclusion@#The cases of foodborne diseases in primary and secondary schools in Maanshan City were mainly male. Summer and autumn were the main onset times. Huashan District was the key prevention county. It is suggested that all departments should take active and effective measures to strengthen the prevention and control of foodborne diseases among primary and secondary school students.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 258-260, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-812006

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between left-behind experience, sleep quality and depression in college students and to provide a scientific reference for improving mental health of college students.@*Methods@#The stratified cluster sampling method was used to investigate depression and related factors among undergraduates at two universities in Qiqihar City from November to December 2018, and the effects of left-behind experience and sleep quality on depression were analyzed.@*Results@#Depression detection rate of college students in Qiqihar City was 30.62%, there was no difference in the detection rate of depression among college students of different sex( χ 2=3.15, P >0.05), depression detection rate of college students from rural area was higher than in urban students, non-only child higher than onlychild( χ 2=8.61, 8.98, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression showed that left-behind mode, left-behind age, type of stay-at-home, frequency of contact with parents during stay, and sleep quality were associated with depression( OR =0.28-6.00, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Depression of college students is associated with previous left-behind experiences and sleep quality.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-811717

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the curative effect of TCM syndrome differentiation and treatment for novel coronavirus pneumonia (novel coronavirus pneumonia, NCP) patients and the preventive effect for Chinese medical staff.@*Methods@#A total of 62 NCP suspected patients admitted in 2020 were treated with TCM syndrome differentiation and treatment, as well as our hospital medical staff with No.1-4 hospital prescription.@*Results@#After taking traditional Chinese medicine, 16 out of 25 NCP suspected patients with phlegm heat stagnating lung syndrome were discharged to home for isolation observation, 4 patients hospitalized for observation, and 5 patients confirmed with NCP. For 15 patients with phlegm dampness accumulating lung syndrome, 7 patients were discharged to home for isolation observation, 3 patients were hospitalized for observation and 5 patients have been confirmed. For 18 patients with spleen stomach disharmony syndrome, 15 patients were discharged to home for isolation observation, 1 patient was hospitalized for observation and 2 patients have been confirmed. For 4 patients with Qi deficiency and dampness stagnation syndrome were discharged to home for isolation observation, 1 patient was hospitalized for observation, and two have been confirmed. The duration of taking traditional Chinese medicine was 1 to 20 days from admission to be discharged. The doctors and nurses who took the prescription of TCM for 12 to 15 days have been prevented from NCP infection.@*Conclusions@#The clinical effect and the preventive effect of TCM syndrome differentiation and treatment for NCP have been proved to be satisfactory. TCM can go into the primary hospital for treatment and prevention on NCP.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-811716

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, a novel coronavirus infection has occurred in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, and the epidemic situation has spread to all parts of the country and other countries. The proportion of children patients is small, and patients are distributed at different ages. It is common in children with fever and frequent respiratory infections, which bring many difficulties to early recognition and effective identification of the disease. The emergency department is a window for children patients, and the emergency process is especially important. The emergency branch of the Chinese Medical Association and the Pediatric Branch of the Chinese Medical Association have formulated the emergency procedure for children with noval coronavirus infection / pneumonia for reference.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-811715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To improve the diagnostic criteria of suspected cases through investigating the epidemiological and clinical manifestations of confirmed cases of new-type coronavirus infection in children.@*Methods@#We retrospective analyzed the epidemiological and clinical manifestations of 6 children with new coronavirus infection diagnosed in Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital from February 3, 2020 to February 15, 2020 . Compared with the diagnostic criteria of suspected cases,we summarized the problems encountered in the application of this standard in clinical work and try to put forward Suggestions for improvement.@*Results@#Among the 6 children with confirmed cases: 5 males and 1 female; 3 from Hubei Province and 3 from Wanzhou ; 6 cases of clustered onset of the family; Visiting nature: 3 cases of suspected case income, 3 cases of community or outpatient screening . Three cases with fever and / or respiratory symptoms, one of which had symptoms of diarrhea; all children's blood routine and lymphocyte counts were within the normal range; chest CT imaging except for cases No. 1 and No. 5 were in line with typical new coronavirus pneumonia signs. In addition, the remaining 3 patients had abnormal imaging but did not have the characteristics of new coronavirus pneumonia, and 1 case was normal. Comparison results:Only case 1 of all cases fully met the diagnostic criteria, and the remaining cases did not meet the diagnostic criteria of early suspected cases.@*Conclusion@#In order to improve the accuracy and practicality of the diagnosis of suspected cases in children, it is recommended to refine and standardize the diagnostic criteria of some suspected cases.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-811714

ABSTRACT

At present, the prevention and control of the COVID-19 is still severe, its pathogen SARS-CoV-2 is highly infectious and pathogenic, and the population is generally susceptible. In order to deal with the epidemic, selective operation can be postponed, but most of the patients with acute abdominal diseases are commonly in clinic, with acute onset and severe condition, and most of them are accompanied with fever and gastrointestinal symptoms, so emergency operation is needed.Under the condition of the current epidemic—COVID-19, it requires a higher standard to diagnose and treat patients with acute abdomen. The first step is to carry out procedures to identify whether the patient is infected or not. Those who are not infected can go through the normal treating procedures.For patients diagnosed with COVID-19 or suspected patients, the second step is to achieve classified diagnoses and treatments, and to adopt a treating plan that integrates TCM and western medicine.In order to protect patients and medical staff, the COVID-19 in hospital transmission must be avoided. For patients with COVID-19 who need emergency surgery, we must strictly comply with the hospital's protection regulations, closely coordinate the relevant departments of surgery, perform the three-level protection, operate in accordance with the principle of damage control in the negative pressure surgery room, and return to the isolation ward according to the prevention and control process after operation. For units without surgical conditions, patients should be transferred to hospital in time on the premise of maximum damage control, and patients must not be delayed for timely diagnosis and treatment due to the epidemic.

20.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): E006-E006, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-811713

ABSTRACT

Thirty-six puerperas who underwent emergency cesarean section at Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 24, 2020 to February 9, 2020, who all wore medical surgical masks, were retrospectively included in this study. Anesthesia management was performed under tertiary medical protection measures. A dedicated anesthesia equipment was separately sterilized. Narcotic drugs were used for one patient only, and disposable medical supplies were used for anesthetic supplies. Contact transmission should be avoided when a neonate required resuscitation, and early isolation and nucleic acid testing were provided for the neonates. The rate of suspected cases of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was 11% , and the rate of clinically diagnosed cases was 17% before surgery. The rate of clinically diagnosed cases of 2019-nCoV was 22%, the rate of confirmed cases was 8%, and the total positive rate of diagnosis was 31% after surgery. The rate of neuraxial anesthesia was 86%, the rate of general anesthesia was 14%, the time of spinal puncture was (15±7) min, the time of tracheal intubation under general anesthesia was (2.1±1.3) min, the operation time was (95±36) min, and blood loss was (276±166) ml. The Apgar score of newborns was 8.8 ± 0.5. There was 1 neonate whose mother was diagnosed as having 2019 novel coronavirous disease after operation, an oropharyngeal swab specimen was obtained at 36 h of birth, and the swab was tested positive for 2019-nCoV by nucleic acid testing. As of February 10, 2020, an anesthesiologist involved in the operation was diagnosed to have infection by 2019-nCoV. In conclusion, diagnosis of 2019 novel coronavirous disease during pregnancy is more difficult, it is necessary to perform anesthesia management for cesarean section under tertiary medical protection. Although the difficulty in anesthesia operation is increased under tertiary medical protection, anesthesiologists can carry out standardized anesthesia management and guarantee the safety of maternal and infants and anesthesiologists themselves as long as they are rigorously trained and adhere to protective protocols.

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