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Recording of Epicardial Monophasic Action Potentials Using Suction Electrode to Evaluate Myocardial Protection. As an Additive Effects of Diltiazem on Crystalloid Cardioplegic Solution / 日本心臓血管外科学会雑誌
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365757
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
This study was designed to evaluate the myocardial protection with observation of the monophasic action potential (MAP) which was recorded by suction electrode. Using the isolated working rabbit hearts, amplitude, duration of MAP at 50% repolarization level (MAPD<sub>50</sub>), aortic flow and heart rate were measured after reperfusion. The comparative study obtained for all five groups under the following various conditions of the aortic cross clamping are stated as follows. Myocardial temperature were maintained at 20°C during aortic cross clamping. Group I was treated with St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution. The cardioplegic solution was infused every 20min during ischemia and kept at 20°C. The hearts of group I was divided into four sub-groups, all of which were infused with different concentration of diltiazem (D) in cardioplegia group Ia D=0μg/ml (<i>n</i>=10), group Ib D=1μg/ml (<i>n</i>=5), group Ic D=5μg/ml (<i>n</i>=5). group Id D=10μg/ml (<i>n</i>=5), and in group II cardioplegic solution was not used. The amplitude of MAP following 30min working mode of reperfusion in group I showed a significantly higher recovery compared to those in group II. The MAPD<sub>50</sub> of MAP following 30min working mode of reperfusion in group I showed a significantly lower recovery compared to those in group II, and 10min Langendorff mode in group I a showed a significantly higher recovery compared to those in group Ib, group Ic and group Id. 20min working mode in group Ia and group Ib showed a significantly higher recovery compared to those in group Ic and group Id. The heart rate following 30min working mode of reperfusion in group Ia and group Ib showed a significantly higher recovery compared to those in group Ic and group Id. The aortic flow following 30min working mode of reperfusion in group Ia and group Ib showed a significantly higher recovery compared to those in group Ic, group Id and group II. We would like to conclude that the permeability of large amount of calcium across myocardial cell membrane seems to be depressed by diltiazem added to cardioplegia. But when the concentrations of diltiazem in cardioplegia was over 5μg/ml, it showed negative inotropic action and negative chronotropic action.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Japanese Journal: Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Year: 1992 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Japanese Journal: Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Year: 1992 Type: Article