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Clinicopathologic features and prognosis of mantle cell lymphoma: an analysis of 349 cases / 中华病理学杂志
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 417-422, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810016
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective@#To investigate clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors of mantle cell lymphoma(MCL).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 349 MCL patients diagnosed at Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2004 to January 2016 were retrospectively collected. Corresponding histological sections were reviewed. Additional studies included immunohistochemical staining using the MaxVision two-step method, IgH/CCND1 fusion gene detection by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and correlative statistical analysis.@*Results@#Of 349 patients with MCL, the median patient age was 61 years (range 25-83 years, M∶F=2.7∶1.0) and the age of 243 patients ranged from 51 to 70 years (69.6%). Those with B symptoms accounted for 22.4% (70/313). Most of the patients presented with superficial lymphadenopathy and the clinical stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ accounted for 76.1% (235/309). Extranodal involvement was seen in 47.9% (148/309), among which the gastrointestinal tract accounted for 31.8% (47/148) and splenic involvement accounted for 15.4% (47/305). Three hundred and nine (88.5%) cases were of classical type and 40 (11.5%) cases were of aggressive variant type, and all were composed of proliferating lymphoid cells. All the tumors were positive for CD20 and cyclin D1, and 98.6% (344/349) tumors were weakly positive or positive for CD5. FISH test was positive in 12 cases that were CD5 negative and with cyclin D1 partial expression.Two hundred and forty-three (69.6%) patients had a median follow-up of 26 months (range 3-108 months). The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates for patients were 63.0% and 34.8%, respectively. Single factor analysis showed that age of >60 years, splenic involvement, aggressive variant type, incompletely overlapping type [Based on the degree of overlap ≥90% and <90% between the follicular dendritic cell (FDC) meshwork and tumor cells, the tumors were divided into the completely overlapped type and incompletely overlapped type] and Ki-67 index >40% had poor prognosis (P<0.05). Multiple factor Cox proportional risk regression analysis after removing the aggressive variant type showed that age, splenic involvement, the degree of overlap between the FDC meshwork and tumor cells and Ki-67 index were independent prognostic factors for overall survival rate of MCL patients (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#MCL is more commonly found among middle-aged and elderly men. Patient age, splenic involvement, degree of overlap between FDC meshwork and tumor cells and Ki-67 index are the independent prognostic indicators for MCL.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Pathology Year: 2018 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Pathology Year: 2018 Type: Article