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Gene screening and phenotype analysis in a pedigree with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy from Yunnan Province / 中华心血管病杂志
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 887-891, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810250
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective@#To identify the disease-causing mutations in a pedigree with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) from Yunnan province, and analyze the relationship between the genotype and the phenotype.@*Methods@#The blood samples and the clinical data of the HCM family members were collected.The coding exons and their flanking intronic regions of 28 previously reported genes related to HCM were screened in the proband by high-throughput sequencing. The mutations in proband were confirmed and detected in all family members as well as in 159 healthy controls by Sanger sequencing.The relationship between the genotype and the phenotype was analyzed in this pedigree.@*Results@#Two missense mutations of Arg1045His and Ala26Val in β myosin heavy chain gene(MYH7) were identified. Genetic screening showed that the mother and brother of the proband carried Arg1045His mutation.Both mutations were absent in other family members and in 159 healthy controls.Disease onset age was less than 50 years old in this pedigree, chest pain, exertional dyspnea and syncope were the major symptoms, and all accompanied by severe left ventricular hypertrophy and left ventricular outflow tract stenosis.The grandma of the proband suffered sudden cardiac death. The proband had the worst symptoms and the earliest disease onset in this pedigree.@*Conclusions@#We find a pedigree with familial HCM from Yunnan province carrying MYH7 Arg1045His and Ala26Val mutations. The study suggests that Arg1045His mutation in MYH7 gene caused HCM is malignant with early onset, severe ventricular hypertrophy and poor prognosis. Arg1045His and Ala26Val double-mutant might have dosage effects and aggravate the clinical phenotype of the patient.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Screening study Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Cardiology Year: 2018 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Screening study Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Cardiology Year: 2018 Type: Article