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Comparison of Implantability, Early Post-Operative Valve Function and Structural Valve Deterioration between the Carpentier-Edward Perimount Magna Valve and St. Jude Medical Trifecta Valve / 日本心臓血管外科学会雑誌
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825917
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Purpose:

Easy and safe implantability, good post-operative valve function and good long-term durability are required for any bioprosthetic valve implanted in aortic position. The Carpentier Edwards Perimount Magna valve (Magna) was introduced in 2009 and the St. Jude Medical Trifecta valve (Trifecta) was introduced in 2012 to our institution. In this study, we compared implantability, early post-operative valve function and structural valve deterioration (SVD) between these two valves. Patients and

Methods:

Between January 2009 and December 2019, Magna or Trifecta were electively implanted for 254 patients (Magna 151 patients and Trifecta 103 patients) and these patients were included in this study. Implantability was evaluated by occurrence of intraoperative valve dysfunction. Early post-operative valve function was evaluated by mean pressure gradient (m-PG) and indexed aortic valve area (AVAI) by ultrasonography performed 10 days after surgery. The relationship between indexed bioprosthetic valve orifice area calculated from internal diameter (GOAI) and AVAI was evaluated. If there was a significant relationship between GOAI and AVAI, maximum body surface area (BSA) to obtain AVAI≥0.85 cm2/m2 was estimated from 99% reliable interval of regression line.

Results:

Age, gender, and BSA did not differ between the two groups. There was no intraoperative valve dysfunction in Magna ; however we experienced one patient with severe aortic regurgitation due to stent distortion by the aortic wall during surgery with the 25 mm Trifecta valve. For this patient, Trifecta was replaced with Magna intra-operatively. In the 19 mm valve, AVAI was significantly larger (1.12±0.27 cm2/m2 vs. 0.88±0.21 cm2/m2, p<0.001) and m-PG was significantly lower (8.7±2.7 mmHg vs. 17.2±6.3 mmHg, p<0.001) in Trifecta. The frequency of AVAI<0.85 cm2/m2 (24% vs. 49%, p=0.036) and the frequency of m-PG≥20 mmHg (0% vs. 26%, p=0.006) were significantly less in Trifecta. There was significant relationship between GOAI and AVAI in both valves. Maximum BSA to obtain AVAI ≥0.85 cm2/m2 was estimated as 1.35 m2 in Magna and 1.50 m2 in Trifecta. In the 21 mm valve, AVAI was significantly larger (1.14±0.23 cm2/m2 vs. 0.92±0.22 cm2/m2, p<0.001) and m-PG was significantly lower (7.8±3.2 mmHg vs. 14.6±4.7 mmHg, p<0.001) in Trifecta. The frequency of AVAI<0.85 cm2/m2 was significantly less in Trifecta (11% vs. 42%, p=0.002) ; however, the frequency of m-PG≥20 mmHg did not differ significantly. There was a significant relationship between GOAI and AVAI in Magna and Trifecta. Maximum BSA to obtain AVAI ≥0.85 cm2/m2 was estimated as 1.49 m2 in Magna and 1.70 m2 in Trifecta. In the 23 and 25 mm valves, AVAI was significantly larger and m-PG was significantly lower in Trifecta. However neither the frequency of AVAI<0.85 cm2/m2 nor m-PG≥20 mmHg differed between the two valves. There was one early (27 months after surgery) SVD due to leaflet tear in Trifecta and two SVDs due to leaflet calcification more than 10 years after surgery in Magna.

Conclusion:

For Trifecta implantation, valve size selection seemed to be important and larger valves should be avoided with narrow ST junctions. Selection of 19 and 21 mm Magna valves should be limited for the patient with a BSA less than 1.35 and 1.49 m2 respectively. In Trifecta, early SVD might occur and careful follow-up is necessary.

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Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Japanese Journal: Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Japanese Journal: Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Year: 2020 Type: Article