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Anxiety and its influencing factors on patients with occupational noise-induced hearing loss / 中国职业医学
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 432-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881918
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the status and its influencing factors of anxiety symptoms in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID).

METHODS:

A total of 220 ONID patients were selected as the ONID group,and 200 healthy participants without noise exposure were selected as the control group by judge sampling method.The two groups were investigated by the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory was used to evaluate the disability levels of tinnitus, and pure-tone audiometry was used to assess the degree of tinnitus and hearing impairment in the ONID group.

RESULTS:

The incidence of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorder were higher in the ONID group than that in the control group(52.7% vs 9.0%, 55.0% vs 15.0%, 52.3% vs 7.0%, P<0.05). In ONID with anxiety subgroup, the duration of disease was longer(1.0 vs 2.0 years, P<0.01), incidences of tinnitus, depression and sleep disorder were higher than those in ONID without anxiety subgroup(92.3% vs 100.0%, 18.3% vs 87.9%, 19.2% vs 81.9%, P<0.01). The result of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the longer the duration of disease and the more severe of the tinnitus, the higher the risk of anxiety symptoms in patients with ONID [the odds ratio(OR) and its 95% confidence interval(CI) were 1.35(1.10-1.65) and 2.94(1.56-5.54) respectively, P<0.01]. The risk of anxiety in patients with sleep disorders was higher than those without sleep disorders [OR(95%CI) was 12.78(5.90-27.64), P<0.01].

CONCLUSION:

The ONID patients are more likely to have anxiety. The duration of disease, severity of tinnitus and sleep disorders are the risk factors causing anxiety in ONID patients.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: China Occupational Medicine Year: 2020 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: China Occupational Medicine Year: 2020 Type: Article