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1.
Traditional Medicine Research ; 6(3), 2021.
Article | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328483

ABSTRACT

Chinese minority traditional medicine is a traditional medicine formed during the long-term medical practice of various ethnic groups and is the crystallization of the wisdom of the people in all ethnic groups in China. The unique meaning carried by Chinese minority traditional medicine makes it an inseparable and important part of traditional Chinese medicine. The rich clinical experience and theoretical studies with different Chinese minority traditional medicine provide new ideas and new methods for Chinese medicine development. The pieces of literature published in 2020 on the traditional application analyzed the phytochemical composition, pharmacological effects, and mechanisms of the different ethnic groups including Tibetan, Mongolian, Zhuang, Dai, and Uyghur medicines, among others. This study found that some projects were stalled or delayed due to the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in 2020 compared with 2019, resulting in a decrease in the number of articles in certain fields. However, studied on Chinese minority traditional medicine have shown an overall upward trend this year with the Tibetan, Mongolian, and Dai medicines as the top three. In addition, the Chinese minority traditional medicine application under the coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic situation background was also summarized. Consequently, this study found that among the Chinese minority traditional medicine-related publications in 2020, publications using Chinese minority traditional medicine to treat coronavirus disease 2019 account for a certain percentage. Thus, this article systematically reviews and summarizes the related research of Chinese minority traditional medicine published in 2020 and provides references for future Chinese minority traditional medicine development.

2.
Pakistan Heart Journal ; 53(1):1-4, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1328480
3.
Romanian Journal of Neurology/ Revista Romana de Neurologie ; 20(2):224-227, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328477

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a multisystemic disease with a wild severity range, being some chronic diseases risk factors for unfa-vorable evolution. It has been suggested are chronic neurological diseases are associated to higher mortality in COVID-19 patients;such association however, has not been described enough. In this context, this study seeks to evaluate whether the presence of previous chronic neurological disease is a factor associated with higher mortality in hospitalized severe cases of COVID-19. For this, the association between those variables was investigated in 87,871 patients through univariate (risk ratio and χ2 test) and multivariate (Poisson regression) analysis. It was found that the mortality rate for patients presenting chronic neurological disease was 23% higher (),this being an independent and statistically significant association (RR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.2-1.3;p-value < 0.001). Therefore, more studies are needed to better characterize this association.

4.
Romanian Journal of Neurology/ Revista Romana de Neurologie ; 20(2):217-223, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328476

ABSTRACT

Objective. The aim of this research was access the effect of lockdown on the psychological health status of people. Methods. This was an online questionnaire survey developed and circulated among people using snow-ball sam-pling techniques from April to mid of June 2020. The online survey collected information on demographic data and psychosocial health elements. Results. This study included 604 peoples (59.1% were female and 40.8% were females) of Haryana. Of the total respondents, 57.6% were in age group of 18-30 years, 40.8% were in 31-45 years and 1.5% was in 45-60 years group. 90% of people have normal self-reported BMI, 6.5% were overweight, 3% were underweight and 0.5% people have obesity. 74% respondents were graduate, 11.5% postgraduate, 3.2% were PhD, and 9.2% were 12th pass. 31.8% were unemployed, 35.9% were student, 15.8% regular government employee, 4.7% were self-em-ployed and 2.5% were adhoc/contract employee. 79.5% people reside in urban community and 16% in rural community and 4.5% in semi-urban area. Most of the respondents have agree with the statement that lockdown induced constant sense of insecurity (72.9%);anxiety (58.7%),psychological stress (66.4%);work & financial stress (52.4%), phobia of infection (50.9%);stigma towards symptomatic people, which might be because of simple flu (55.2%);stress from watching & listening COVID-19 news (38.6%);stress from practice of prevention measure (31.9%). Most of people also agree with that behavior-change modification (follow preventive regulations) can improve mental stress (53.2%). Conclusion. Majority of people has realized the lockdown have significant impact on psychological health status of people.

5.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 12(4):304-307, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328475

ABSTRACT

Background: Poornima University, in collaboration with Jodhpur School of Public Health, hosted an insightful and interactive live global webinar on the topic of “From AIDS to COVID: The Rocky road of Public Health” on August 8, 2020. Findings: This report provides information about the coronavirus, the good and bad impact of COVID-19, and some of the major challenges that were faced all across the globe. Many questions are it the origin of the virus or the route of transmission of the virus remains unclear. But the good thing is that there were many innovations in the field of testing, repurposing of drugs, and rapid development of vaccines to reduce the spread of the pandemic. Conclusion: The findings show that a lot of questions are yet to be answered and that there is a need of focusing on public health. There were many learnings from this pandemic and one of the most important lessons was that the involvement of communities is a key step to face such global challenges. The pandemic is not going anywhere soon, and therefore, it becomes necessary to bring in change and sustain it for the future. The challenges faced during this pandemic have served as valuable lessons and it is vital to focus on the shortcomings to avoid such negative impacts around the world.

6.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 12(4):172-175, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328474

ABSTRACT

According to the “Convention on the Rights of the Child,” every baby and child has the right to good nutrition. Dietary practices especially during first thousand days of life from gestation to two years of age have a permanent impact on life. Breast feeding up to first 6 months life exclusively followed by complementary feeding in addition to breast milk is an important aspect in person’s physical and mental development. Deficiency or excesses in person’s intake lead to malnutrition. The burden of malnutrition in India being high, hence the importance of Breast feeding and IYCF is being highlighted in this perspective during COVID-19 Pandemic.

7.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 12(4):33-43, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328473

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study was undertaken to delineate the hygiene behavior among the female garment workers in Bangladesh during pre-COVID-19 period. 500 female garments workers were selected for the study. Data were collected by face-to-face interview method using semi-structured questionnaire which include the information on socio-demography, different components of personal hygiene such as bathing, brushing teeth, washing feet, washing/ changing cloth, washing hair by soap/ shampoo, trimming nail and washing hand. The majority of the participants (>75%) had ideal knowledge and practiceon every considered hygiene behavior. Regarding hand-washing behavior, only 3% had appropriate knowledge and ideally practiced by 60.2%. Knowledge of the respondents was significantly associated with ideal practice of all components (p=0.01). Predictors identified according to age, BMI, education and marital status of respondents, were significantly associated with hygiene related to bathing, washing feet, clothing, hair and hand.

8.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 12(4):18-22, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328472

ABSTRACT

Background-Coronavirus disease COVID-19 become the 5th pandemic disease since 1918 which is reported first in Wuhan, China after that its affect all over the world. In India, it is confirmed January 30, 2020. Professionally, also being challenged during this pandemic as we are moving under pressure in new model which involves re-skilling and redeploying staff for intensive care units, also reconsider of standard approaches for assessment and management. All things persist stress which leads to anxiety and depression. Purpose of the study to analyse the prevalence of perceived stress in physiotherapy profession who’s practicing in hospitals, healthcare centres or rehabilitation centres. Methods-Samples collected from online survey and expected sample size more than 30 clinical physiotherapist who’s working in different setups. Perceived stress scale-10 used under the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Inclusion Criteria-must be clinical therapist working in different setups as hospitals, rehabilitation centres, and multispecialty clinics and exclusion criteria is physiotherapist who working in academic field. Analysis carried out by Microsoft Excel 2007. Conclusion-Analysis found prevalence of perceived stress level 13% high, 68% moderate, and 19% low stress in the total respondent physiotherapist.The high prevalence of moderate perceived stress in clinical physiotherapist population which is lies under 18-29 year of age criteria. Study also depicting male perceiving high stress rather female.

9.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 12(4):6-10, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328471

ABSTRACT

Background: Poornima University, in collaboration with Jodhpur School of Public Health, hosted an insightful and interactive live global webinar on “Hepatitis Free Future” on 1st August 2020. Four speakers and six panellists addressed the current situation, preventive measures, and future directions for achieving the target of hepatitis elimination by 2030 Findings: Globally, Hepatitis B and C (HBV & HCV) accounts for 96% of all hepatitis mortality and more than 300 million people are living with viral hepatitis. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1 in 3 people worldwide has been infected with either HBV or HCV.Global uptake in childhood vaccination is significant for HBV, but the birth dose for all infants is too low (nearly 39% percent). Despite vaccination, 1.8 billion 5-year-old get infected every year with HBV.Various programs and projects are contributing to the elimination of the Hepatitis to reach the international goal. Due to COVID-19 there would be setbacks however we have all the tools within our reach and we must use them to get elimination, most importantly deliver it to the people who need it the most, if we plan to succeed by 2030. Conclusion: Hepatitis claims the lives of millions of people globally each year.With prevention, treatment, diagnostics, and vaccination hepatitis elimination is attainable. Greater investment in eliminating hepatitis will generate higher long-term returns. We have the tools, treatments, and strategies to combat this infectious disease. We need the support of various sectors to execute the plan, proper implementation of the idea, training, and awareness to the public domain. With leadership, resources, and multi-stakeholder collaboration, elimination of viral hepatitis is achievable.

10.
Economic Alternatives ; 27(2):213-224, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1328470

ABSTRACT

In the context of the dynamic conditions since the beginning of the pandemic, the objective of this article is to explore the changes in the export of Bulgaria. The focus is on two categories: consumption goods and intermediate goods. My approach is based on the examination of the latest available data for trade value. It is combined with a review of relevant publications of international organizations and the academia. The results suggest disruptions in the Bulgarian export of both observed categories since the outbreak of the new virus. Based on early data, the article can be useful to provide initial indication for the variations in export in the first three quarters of 2020. The implications of the outcomes may be limited by the uncertainty of the pandemic and possible unexpected changes in the international trade environment. © 2021, University of National and World Economy. All rights reserved.

11.
Economic Alternatives ; 2021(2):197-212, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1328469

ABSTRACT

The last financial crisis in 2008 has weakened the Euro-zone countries. Most of them were deeply affected, and their economic growths have not returned to their pre-crisis rates. Moreover, the inflation rate is still very low despite the European Central Bank’s interventions. Twelve years later, a health crisis occurred. The ECB have reacted to this event by using monetary tools. We can cite for example the famous temporary Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP) to save the Euro-zone countries from a systemic disaster. The current interest rate is negative, and it seems to raise some questions about the efficiency of policies and the threat to economic, monetary, and financial stability. Negative interest rate may also generate the next crisis. This paper is dedicated to recommendations based on the role of Central Banks in the health crisis management and, more generally, environmental crisis management instead of evaluating the impacts of the monetary policies on Eurozone countries because it is too early to measure with acuity the COVID-19 effects. © 2021, University of National and World Economy. All rights reserved.

12.
Economic Alternatives ; 2021(2):177-196, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1328468

ABSTRACT

Since 2013, China has launched the “Belt and Road” Initiative adhering to “The Five-Connectivity Program”, which aims at achieving win-win results with the countries along the road. Meantime, “17+1” mechanism is an important regional platform that promotes cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European countries. In this context, the Sino-Bulgarian economic relationships are constantly expanding and increasingly diversified in terms of foreign direct investment, trade, and cooperation of companies. There are increasing research interests and results of these two policies but there are still a lot of gaps to fill. The most pressing one is that more researches are needed about the impact of the Belt and Road Initiative and “17+1” mechanism on Central and Eastern Europe Countries, especially an individual country such as Bulgaria. Bulgaria was the second country that recognized and established diplomatic relations with China in 1949. Since then, Bulgaria and China have established a very good and strong relationship in different ways. However, the outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020 has brought many challenges for both Bulgaria and China, which has a deep impact on the bilateral economic relations. Therefore, by searching the past ten years of SSCI literature in the database, this paper systematically sorts out the existing research on Sino-Bulgarian economic relations and makes a comprehensive review, reflecting the latest and changing landscape of the Sino-Bulgarian economic relations. Then by collecting, screening and analyzing the latest statistical data in multiple sources, this paper identifies the characteristics of FDI, the bilateral trade respectively. The purpose is to provide a guidance of the prospect of Sino-Bulgarian economic relations in the future. The paper establishes that the economic relations between the two countries have made great progress under this initiative and new mechanism but still remain unstable and far below their potential. Finally, the paper concludes that there is a very promising future for the bilateral economic relations even facing many challenges and risks in the post pandemic world. © 2021, University of National and World Economy. All rights reserved.

13.
Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research ; 10(3):89-95, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1328467

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hand hygiene being a simple action, compliance among health care workers is < 40%. one such effort is introduction of "my moments for hand hygiene." Aim & Objective: To assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practise of hand hygiene practices among interns. Material & Methods: Study was conducted during Covid19 period (April to June 2020.) A questionnaire based on WHO's concept of "Five Moments for Hand Hygiene" was used to evaluate awareness of indications for hand hygiene and compliance was observed during Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) sessions. Observations & Results: 105 interns were taken for the study. 66 males (63%) and 39 females (37%) participated voluntarily. 5 internees three males and two females have not cooperated during the study. Discussion: 57.3% of positive indications for hand hygiene were correctly identified & 42.53% students were not sure about these moments which had similar findings with Mann and Wood.

14.
Hradec Economic Days, Vol 11(1) ; 11:620-632, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1328466

ABSTRACT

The unprecedented driving force of economic events in 2020 was, paradoxically, an uneconomic phenomenon - the COVID-19 virus. In order to overcome the unfavorable period, public policies around the world have sought, and in fact continue to seek, various support schemes. On the one hand, such schemes include restrictions on economic activity to prevent the spread of the virus, on the other hand, they impose a burden in the form of a loss of public revenue and, at the same time, a burden in the form of an increase in public spending. Therefore, based on public revenue data this paper seeks to capture the nature and extent of the impact of pandemics on public revenues, especially taxes in a mid-term period 2017-2020 in Poland and the Czech Republic. Our analysis reveals that the rate of fulfillment of public revenues during the year in the crisis year 2020 does not differ much from the last years of the pre-crisis years. In terms of tax collection, pandemic affected the collection of personal and corporate income tax the most.

15.
Hradec Economic Days, Vol 11(1) ; 11:412-425, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1328465

ABSTRACT

The article deals with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the professional situation of people working on the real estate market in Poland. After the introduction of the pandemic state in Poland, the further restrictions had been implemented and Polish economy, including real estate market deteriorated. In 2019, 468.3 thousand transactions were recorded in Poland - the total value exceeds 121.7 billion PLN and has tripled over the last 10 years. (NBP, 2020) The following research question was formulated: how the professional situation on the real estate market has changed in the 2nd quarter of the 2020 in comparison to the previous period. The main objective of the paper is to identify current and future (expected) professional situation on selected market. For the purposes of the research a survey was conducted among 247 representatives of the professions connected with the real estate market: real estate agents, property managers and property valuators and other. Article describes the detailed research outcomes and focuses on such as aspects as collaboration with clients, operating mode, remote work during pandemic. Due to the specific scope of the studies mainly indigenous, Polish sources were used - Polish National Bank (NBP) and Statistics Poland reports and analysis.

16.
Kliniceskaa Mikrobiologia i Antimikrobnaa Himioterapia ; 23(1):17-25, 2021.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1328464

ABSTRACT

Objective. To review a literature published over the past 5 years and our own data on the etiology of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI), antimicrobial resistance and its relationships between sepsis and choice of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Materials and methods. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) criteria were used to diagnose LRTI. A review of the articles regarding LRTI from the Russian and international English language journals published over 6 years was performed. Identification of microorganisms was performed by culture over the period of 2003-2013;since 2014, MALDI-TOF MS method was used for this purpose. Results. Despite the ongoing policy to limit the use of antimicrobial therapy in the ICUs, there is an increase in carbapenemase-producing isolates in the ICUs from 2.2% (2018) to 11.7% (2020, 9 months). Along with the trend to increase in carbapenemase-producing pathogens causing LRTI, their variability is also increasing. In particular, it applies to strains producing carbapenemases OXA-48 or combination of OXA- 48 with KPC;with the trend to combined production of carbapenemase beginning at 2019. Conclusions. Carbapenemase producers are becoming more widespread in the ICU settings, including the lower respiratory tract in mechanically ventilated patients. Practitioners didn’t get used to associate VAP with the Sepsis-3 criteria. The changes in etiology include the increased rate of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales and non-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria, primarily Acinetobacter spp., in Russia. It’s due to improved quality of respiratory support and increased consumption of carbapenems, tigecycline and polymyxins. Significant increase of OXA-48-producing pathogens is likely to be associated with a poor compliance with temporary guidelines on COVID-19 with regard to antibiotic therapy. © 2021, Interregional Association for Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

17.
Kliniceskaa Mikrobiologia i Antimikrobnaa Himioterapia ; 23(1):5-15, 2021.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1328463

ABSTRACT

The article presents a critical analysis of antibiotic usage tactics in the treatment of patients with COVID-19 existing in Russian and foreign healthcare, and discusses the possible causes of unjustified antibiotic aggression in this category of patients. The potential negative consequences of the widespread use of antibiotics in patients carrying a new coronavirus infection are analyzed: life-threatening cardiotoxicity in patients with the simultaneous administration of such a “popular” candidate etiologic therapy as a combination of azithromycin and hydroxychloroquine, the potential development of other serious adverse drug reactions (in particular, the development of an antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis, etc.), the expected dramatic increase in the secondary drug resistance of potentially pathogenic microorganisms to widely and often prescribed antibiotics. © 2021, Interregional Association for Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

18.
Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology ; 37(3):294-299, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1328462

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To determine the presence of SARS-COV 2 viruses in tears and conjunctival secretions of patients with diagnosed COVID-19. Study Design: Prospective interventional case series. Place and Duration of Study: Rawalpindi Institute of Urology, Department of infectious diseases, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi Medical University, from September 2020 to October 2020. Methods: Samples of conjunctival and tear secretions were collected from 60 hospitalized patients of COVID-19 who were confirmed with nasopharyngeal swabs test. Disposable conjunctival swab sticks were used for sampling. Samples were taken within 3 days of admission. SARS-COV 2 virus evaluation in tears and conjunctival secretions was done by Qualitative RT-PCR (Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) analysis. Ocular features were documented. Regarding systemic course of illness, details were noted from their hospital records. Results: Mean age of the patients was 56.63 ± 16.373 years. Out of 60 patients, 42 were males and 18 were females. Twenty two (36.6%) patients had mild disease and moderate and severe disease was present in 19 patients (31.6%) each. Six (10%) patients had positive conjunctival and tear secretions for SARS-COV 2 viral RNA. All patients with positive ocular secretions for viral RNA were in first week of course of disease and 3 patients had severe COVID 19 disease signifying high viral load. Only one patient had conjunctivitis and ocular symptoms of redness and foreign body sensation. Conclusion: There is likelihood of SARS-COV 2 virus transmission via ocular secretions as frequency of patients with SARS-COV 2 viral RNA detected in tears was 10% in current study therapeutic services. © 2021, Ophthalmological Society of Pakistan. All rights reserved.

19.
Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology ; 37(3):274-278, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1328461

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To report the adherence of Glaucoma patients to anti-glaucoma medical therapy during lockdown period of covid-19 and to evaluate the factors that lead to non-adherence to medical therapy. Study Design: Cross sectional survey. Place and Duration of Study: Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi from August 2020 to October 2020. Methods: A total of 210 patients diagnosed with glaucoma were included. Exclusion criteria was newly diagnosed cases of glaucoma and patients who were non-compliant before lockdown. Patients’ age, gender, marital status, occupation, residence, monthly income bracket, type of glaucoma, duration of glaucoma, number and type of anti-glaucoma medication and any other co-morbidity like diabetes or hypertension were asked from the patient. The patients were evaluated for best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP) and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFL). Before lockdown, BCVA, IOP and RNFL thickness were taken from computerized data of our hospital. Patients were asked about the compliance of the anti-glaucoma therapy and the factors that lead to non-compliance (if any). Results: Out of 210 individuals, there were 131 (62.4%) males and 79 (37.6%) females. About 169 (80.5%) patients reported non-compliance to anti-glaucoma drugs during the lockdown period. Non-availability of medicines was the most common reason given by 77 (57.5%) individuals, followed by lack of money by 44 (32.8%) patients. Conclusion: A high proportion of non-compliance to anti-glaucoma therapy was seen in glaucoma patients during pandemic. Low literacy rate, non-availability of medicines and lack of money were major reasons for non-compliance. © 2021, Ophthalmological Society of Pakistan. All rights reserved.

20.
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand ; 104(7):1214-1217, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328460

ABSTRACT

The authors report a case of a 32-year-old Thai woman with a COVID-19 infection that presented with urticaria and angioedema with a pityriasis rosea (PR)-like rash at a private hospital in Thailand. She presented at the hospital with bloody nasal discharge and diarrhea but without fever, myalgia, or any respiratory symptoms. She complained of angioedema and PR-like lesions on the third day of the treatment. Urticarial rash appeared intermittently for four weeks after all medications were discontinued, during which the patient had no fever, no respiratory symptoms, or any other symptoms. However, the RT-PCR results for COVID-19 RNA were positive during the time that the urticarial symptoms persisted. The COVID-19 RNA became negative on the fourth day after the last urticarial episode. Urticarial rash may be a clue that the inflammatory process is activated by COVID-19 virus after the treatment is completed.

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