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2.
Radiol Case Rep ; 17(3): 852-855, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1611990

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 related leukoencephalopathy can be multifactorial given the systemic effects of the viral disease. We present couple of cases with typical clinico-imaging stigmata of COVID-19 resulting in severe respiratory insufficiency. MR brain imaging revealed confluent diffuse supratentorial white matter T2 hyperintensity with restricted diffusion during the sub-acute course of the disease. The MR imaging pattern of leukoencephalopathy was non-specific but more comparable to delayed post-hypoxic leukoencephalopathy (DPHL) as also previously reported in COVID-19. Interestingly, T2 imaging showed unusual but peculiar finding of "accentuated medullary veins" in the superficial zones. No dural venous sinus thrombosis or micro-hemorrhages were present to explain "dots and stripes" due to dilated medullary veins. The patho-mechanism of this findings is not clear but may possibly be related to demyelination as DPHL has shown to be a demyelinating process. We present a review of COVID-related leukoencephalopathy with discussion on hypoxia-induced demyelinating process with accentuated medullary veins as possible associated marker.

3.
IDCases ; 24: e01131, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1193329

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has been an ever-evolving viral pandemic which can cause systemic disturbance especially in some of the critically ill patients. Neurologic or Neuro-imaging manifestations of COVID-19 are being increasingly reported in these patients and mainly consist of ischemic strokes, hypoxic ischemic injury and non-specific encephalopathy. Ischemic strokes as expected more commonly afflict major vascular territories, likely due to accentuated hypercoagulability in these patients. Certain vascular territories may be more susceptible to ischemic infarcts. We observed higher predilection for infarcts in posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). This may represent another peculiarity of this pandemic.

4.
Radiol Case Rep ; 15(9): 1646-1649, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-635257

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral disease, also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, was first reported in Wuhan, China, December 2019. Respiratory manifestations from the induced acute lung injury were the most common reported findings. Few cases showed extrapulmonary manifestations. COVID-19-associated neurological manifestations have not been widely reported. In this report, we describe a case of encephalopathy in a patient with COVID-19 infection.

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