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1.
COVID-19 and a World of Ad Hoc Geographies: Volume 1 ; 1:925-947, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2322883

ABSTRACT

This chapter is devoted to the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in time and space in Czechia and in a brief context of its neighboring countries. It is (except for the theoretical background and data description) thematically divided into three parts and uses different approaches in the analysis. The first part descriptively outlines the trajectories of the virus in the Czech population. The second part, based on the demographic approach, examines the potential impact of COVID-19 on mortality. The third part presents a time-space analysis of the spread of COVID-19 at the regional level. Among the fundamental risk factors for Czechia, there is the inexperience of the Czech health and hygiene systems in dealing with more serious infectious epidemics in the past, the absence of a scientific and independent public health institution, and non-conceptual political decisions in the management of pandemics. In the analysis, the interdisciplinary scientific approach is used (medical geography, demography, and spatial analysis) to analyze such a complex phenomenon. It was shown that during the first year of pandemics (March 2020-March 2021) there were four pandemic waves in Czechia. Except for the preventive and anti-pandemic measures, the effect on the mortality level and socioeconomic status in particular regions could be expected. The estimated effect of COVID-19 on the life expectancy at birth was estimated around a 1 year decrease, the same as in other Central European countries. This impact is expected to be much lower in the case of Germany. © The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022.

2.
Anthropologie et Sociétés ; 46(3):53, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322850

ABSTRACT

The COVID‑19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of vaccines to prevent infectious diseases, but also the issues related to vaccine acceptance among individuals and groups targeted by vaccination programs. The concept of vaccine hesitancy is now commonly used in public health spheres to refer to the fact that a portion of the population has significant doubts and concerns about vaccines that can lead to a vaccine refusal or delay. Most research on vaccine hesitancy focuses on individual knowledge, beliefs, values, attitudes, life trajectories and experiences. However, the focus on individual determinants of vaccine hesitancy can lessen the importance of broader structural and socio-cultural influences on attitudes and decisions about immunization. Based on interviews conducted in Nunavik, this article proposes to explore how organizational and historical factors, social norms, and shared values and beliefs about the etiology of COVID‑19 and the efficacy and usefulness of vaccines to prevent the virus, influence COVID‑19 vaccine hesitancy in Inuit communities.Alternate :La pandemia de la COVID‑19 evidenció la importancia de la vacunación para prevenir las enfermedades infecciosas, pero también los retos ligados a la aceptación de las vacunas entre individuos o grupos específicos. El concepto de desconfianza en la vacunación se volvió de uso común en la salud pública para referirse al hecho de que una parte de la población tiene temores importantes relacionados con la vacunación;temores que pueden llevar al rechazo o postergar la vacunación. La importancia de los conocimientos, creencias, valores, actitudes, trayectorias de vida y experiencias individuales en las investigaciones sobre la vacunación a veces puede ocultar la importancia de influencias estructurales y socioculturales más amplias sobre las actitudes y decisiones con respecto a la vacunación. A partir de entrevistas realizadas en Nunavik, este artículo se propone explorar cómo los factores organizacionales e históricos, las normas sociales, los valores y las creencias compartidas respecto a la etiología de la COVID‑19 y sobre la efectividad y el poder de las vacunas en la prevención, influyen sobre la desconfianza en la vacunación contra la COVID‑19 en las comunidades inuit.Alternate :La pandémie de la COVID‑19 a mis en évidence l'importance de la vaccination pour prévenir des maladies infectieuses, mais également les enjeux liés à l'acceptation des vaccins par les individus et groupes ciblés par les programmes. Le concept d'hésitation à la vaccination est désormais couramment utilisé en santé publique pour référer au fait qu'une partie de la population entretient des craintes importantes par rapport à la vaccination ;craintes qui peuvent mener à refuser ou à retarder la vaccination. L'accent important mis sur les connaissances, les croyances, les valeurs, les attitudes, les trajectoires de vie et les expériences individuelles dans les recherches sur la vaccination peut toutefois occulter l'importance des influences structurelles et socioculturelles plus larges sur les attitudes et décisions à l'égard de la vaccination. À partir d'entretiens menés au Nunavik, cet article propose donc d'explorer comment les facteurs organisationnels et historiques, les normes sociales, les valeurs et les croyances partagées à propos de l'étiologie de la COVID‑19 et à propos de l'efficacité et de la puissance des vaccins pour la prévenir, influent sur l'hésitation à la vaccination contre la COVID‑19 dans des communautés inuit.

3.
Revista de Administração Contemporânea ; 27(3):1-15,1A-15A, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322832

ABSTRACT

Este caso objetiva promover uma reflexao sobre o processo de escrita de casos para ensino e direcionamentos para aplicação do método. Em 2020, João Luiz Marinho, doutorando em Administração na Universidade do Aprendizado (UNIAPRE), foi desafiado pelo professor Fernando a escrever o seu primeiro caso para ensino para aplicação na disciplina de Estratégias Organizacionais, da qual era estagiário em docencia. Porém, muitos questionamentos sobre a construção e aplicação de casos para ensino sondavam os pensamentos de João, uma vez que este nao tinha experiencias anteriores com o método, possuía pouca prática na docencia e a migração das aulas para a modalidade on-line era novidade. Assim, a proposta foi fazer com que os alunos se colocassem no lugar de João, a fim de propiciar um debate sobre a escrita e aplicação de um caso para ensino na modalidade on-line. Sugere-se sua aplicação nos cursos de pos-graduaçâo lato sensu e stricto sensu em Administração, nas disciplinas de Metodologia e Casos para Ensino.Alternate :This case aims to promote a reflection on the teaching case writing process and directions for applying the method. In 2020, João Luiz Marinho, a doctoral candidate in Administration at the University of Learning (UNIAPRE), was challenged by Professor Fernando to write his first teaching case for application in the Organizational Strategies discipline, of which he was an intern in teaching. However, many questions about the construction and application of teaching cases probed João's thoughts, since he had no previous experience with the method, he had little practice in teaching, and the migration of classes to the online mode was very new. Thus, the proposal is to make students put themselves in João's place, in order to provide a debate on the writing and application of a case for online teaching. It is suggested that it be applied in lato sensu and stricto sensu graduate courses in Administration in the disciplines of Methodology and Teaching Cases.

4.
Sestrinsko delo / Information for Nursing Staff ; 54(2):39-44, 2022.
Article in Bulgarian | GIM | ID: covidwho-2322789

ABSTRACT

The focus of the present study is on the psychological and social dimensions of collective trauma resulting from the intense impact of strong emotional and stress factors connected with the COVID-19 pandemic and the crisis in Ukraine in parents of children with oncological diseases. The process of overcoming collective trauma in its diversity is a long one and requires specific care. The challenge of recovery is to regain the sense of control over the mental, economic and social parameters of the individuals affected. For the group of parents studied this includes discovery of a way for the caregivers to be calm and focused on the accompanying care for the child with an oncological disease, even in a pandemic situation and war. The effective overcoming collective trauma of the sense of imminent danger in society is based on public support and personal responsibility. Fear, anger, depression, isolation and lack of resources that are a direct psychological and economic result of pandemic and war, aggravates the quality of life of patients. As socially determined parameters, they carry a high risk of the recurrence and mortality of children with malignant diseases.

5.
China Tropical Medicine ; 23(3):272-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2322742

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the chest computed tomography (CT) manifestations and dynamic changes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the patients younger than 18 years old infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant, and to provide a basis for determining the chest CT changes and efficacy of COVID-19 caused by Omicron virus variant in patients younger than 18 years old. Methods The clinical and imaging data of 30 cases of patients younger than 18 years old infected with COVID-19 Omicron variant, who admitted to the Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen from February 11 to March 26, 2022 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The clinical manifestations, imaging features and dynamic changes of lesions were summarized. Results A total of 41 intrapulmonary lesions in 30 patients with COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant. The main manifestations were patchy or nodular ground-glass opacities and/or consolidation, with focal subpleural distribution, lesions mainly occur in the right lung (70.73%, 29/41). There were 42 lesion morphologies, with 22 (52.38%) striped shadows and 16 (38.10%) nodular shadows, with small lamellar and patchy shadows predominating. There were 36 lesion density variations, with ground glass shadows being the most common, with a total of 24 ground glass shadows (66.66%) in each lobe of the lung, and also 6 consolidation lesions (16.67%) and 6 mixed ground glass opacity and consolidation lesions (16.67%). With the progression of the disease, lesions gradually enlarged, appeared on the 2nd day (312.93 mm3), peaked on the 9th day (1 837.18 mm3). The average absorption time of the lesions was (16+or-3) days, and there was no significant difference between the absorption time of patchy and nodular lesions (ground glass and/or consolidation) (t=0.853, P > 0.05). The lesions showed focal ground-glass opacity in the early stage, 77.78% lesions were absorbed after treatment in the late stage. Inflammatory nodules were absorbed slowly (9-19 days), without residual fibrotic changes. Conclusions The imaging manifestations of COVID-19 in patients younger than 18 years old infected with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant have certain characteristics, showed patchy or nodular ground glass opacities and/or consolidation, mainly distributed in the subpleural area, with small and few lesions and slow change, didn't remain fibrosis. Being familiar with its clinical and imaging manifestations can assist in early diagnosis, but confirming the diagnosis requires a combination of epidemiological history, clinical symptoms, SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid and radiological manifestations.

6.
Journal of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences ; 18(3):625-634, 2023.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2322712

ABSTRACT

In the context of a developing country like Cameroon characterized by the scarcity of financial resources and the appearance of Covid-19, this article shows that this pandemic was not more important than the pre-existing health problems to the point of giving it more importance in funding compared to strengthening the health system. The theoretical elasticity model of the poverty rate to growth is used to estimate the impact of Covid-19 and the incidence of impoverishing health expenditure is used for the impact of common diseases. It is estimated through direct health payments that common diseases push about 340,865 people into extreme poverty annually. The Covid-19, through the loss of growth generated between 4.8 and 6.6 points according to the optimistic or pessimistic scenarios, would impoverish between 224,193 and 398,565 people: impact on the number of poor ranging from 0.7 to 1.2 times that of all common diseases, i.e., equivalent on average, but sensitive to the speed of spread of the virus and the duration of the crisis while the impact of common diseases is structural and linked to the poorly performing health system. The solutions proposed are endogenous and linked to the impact mechanisms.

7.
ACTA Paulista de Enfermagem ; 36, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2322700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify strategies for the prevention of suicidal ideation and suicide during the COVID-19 pandemic for the nursing team. Methods: Scoping review performed in PubMed, VHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, LILACS, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO databases and in the gray literature, such as Google Scholar. Results: This review comprises 11 articles, all published in English, mostly in year 2021 in the United States of America. The identified strategies include psychoeducation;spaces for embracement of professionals' demands, listening, support and promotion of wellbeing;mental health assessment and screening;referral to specialized support services;psychological intervention and counseling;strategies for recognizing and dealing with triggers, emotions and negative thoughts;self-care actions, among others. Conclusion: Strategies that had a positive impact on the mental health of nursing teams were the creation of spaces for embracement of professionals' demands, listening, support and promotion of wellbeing, and the assessment and screening of mental health as ways of preventing suicidal actions and ideations. The importance of studies that evaluate the effect of strategies on the mental health of nursing teams stands out, so that protocols can be created to mitigate the problem. © 2023 Departamento de Enfermagem/Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo. All rights reserved.

8.
ACTA Paulista de Enfermagem ; 36, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2322685

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze emotional intelligence among nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic and describe emotional attention, clarity and repair scores in managing emotions. Methods: This is a quantitative, observational cross-sectional study, comprising 121 nursing students at the Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco. Data collection was performed using a self-administered form containing the Informed Consent Form, a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24, validated for use in Portuguese. Data were submitted to statistical treatment using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 20.0. Results: There were no significant differences between gender, sociodemographic data, and graduation period with Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 scores. However, fourth and eighth semester students had significantly lower averages on this scale (p=0.015). Conclusion: The need to address emotional intelligence throughout the nursing graduation was evidenced, in addition to reinforcing the psychological support of students, based on services already provided by the university. © 2023 Departamento de Enfermagem/Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo. All rights reserved.

9.
Managerial Finance ; 49(6):1075-1093, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322638

ABSTRACT

PurposeThe paper intends to comprehend the pattern of usage of FinTech services among bank customers during the COVID-19 pandemic. The paper also examines the factors influencing the adoption of FinTech services by using the constructs from the technology acceptance model (TAM) together with highlighting the issues faced in using FinTech services in Assam.Design/methodology/approachThe research is empirical in nature. Data have been collected from 1,066 prime earners of the households having a bank account.FindingsThere has been an upsurge in the use of FinTech services in the area of study. Apart from government and private service employees, businessmen, self-employed professionals, many daily-wage earners and agriculturists have also experienced an increase in their frequency of usage of FinTech services thereby making technology-based financial services an indispensable tool in enhancing access, improving inclusivity in the times of crisis and aftermath. Government support, trust, perceived usefulness (PU), attitude and social influence have a positive influence on FinTech adoption;however, perceived risks impact respondents' trust towards FinTech services thereby requiring necessary measures to evaluate organizations' preparedness to deal with cyber threats.Originality/valueThe paper provides insight into the factors impacting the adoption of FinTech services to stimulate superior connectivity infrastructure, robust security measures and maintaining financial stability with adequate supervisory and monitoring regulations to enhance trust towards FinTech services during the crisis and aftermath.

10.
Razi Journal of Medical Sciences ; 29(10), 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2322625

ABSTRACT

Background & Aims: In early January 2020, a new corona virus called corona was identified as an infectious agent by the World Health Organization and caused a viral pneumonia outbreak, the first of which was reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The virus has so far infected most countries in the world and has become a global problem. By this time in December 2021, about 265 million people in the world have been infected with this virus and 5 million 270 thousand people have died from this disease. According to the World Health Organization, the incidence of this disease is still increasing and will become the third leading cause of death in the world by 2030. This disease has a special complexity and has multiple dimensions and consequences that have caused many problems in the field of health, social and economic as well as psychological for people. The emergence of this disease is now a public health crisis. According to this research, exposure to news and restrictions caused by this disease can lead to many mental health problems. In fact, one of the situations that puts a lot of stress on people during the outbreak of covid 19 disease is the inability to predict and uncertainty about the control and end of the disease. Mental health is defined as a harmonious and harmonious behavior with society, recognizing and accepting social realities, the power to adapt to them and meeting one's balanced needs and is an important factor for the health of society. The prevalence of the disease can also increase feelings of loneliness, decrease social support, feelings of fear and anxiety to clinical stress and anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder associated with the disease, and decreased life expectancy. One of the hopeful factors is health and the disease can cause despair, fear and even despair of the patient. The outbreak of a disease has a much deeper and wider impact and affects not only the affected community and relatives, but the entire community. Because everyone finds themselves at risk, and therefore people's feel of safe and healthy changes, and this situation causes people to despair. Hope is the capacity to imagine the ability to create paths to desirable goals and to imagine the motivation to move in those paths. Hope predicts physical and mental health such as positive response to medical interventions, mental health, effective getting along, and health-promoting behaviors. Covid 19 disease can also lead to psychological problems due to its infectious nature and unpredictable nature. In this regard, various researchers consider the implementation of public health policies, including areas related to individual and collective mental health in accordance with the different stages of the epidemic of this disease is very necessary. Mindfulness can be an effective tool for achieving peace of mind and body that helps people become aware of their current feelings. Mindfulness-based interventions are considered as one of the third generation or third wave cognitive-behavioral therapies. Mindfulness is a form of meditation rooted in Eastern religious teachings and rituals, especially Buddhism. Segal has defined mindfulness as paying attention to specific and purposeful ways, in the present time, without judgment or prejudice. Linhan stressed for the first time the need to pay attention to mindfulness as one of the essential components of psychological therapy. Mindfulness requires the development of three components: judgment avoidance, purposeful awareness, and focus on the present moment. Focusing on the present and processing all aspects of the above experience makes one aware of the daily activities and automatic functioning of the mind in the past and future world and he controls emotions, thoughts, and physical states through moment-to-moment awareness of thoughts. As a result, it is released from the everyday and automatic mind focused on the past and the future. Although general vaccination has reduced the virus in some countries, including Iran, and reduced the number of infected people, a large num

11.
Teoría y Realidad Constitucional ; - (51):231-257, 2023.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322564

ABSTRACT

Este trabajo pone de relieve cómo la pandemia causada por el COVID-19 constituye uno de tantos riesgos globales a los que se enfrentan nuestras sociedades, uno de esos riesgos que han venido para quedarse y que, por lo tanto, exigen una respuesta fuera de los estados de excepcionalidad. Se advierte también de los riesgos y la inseguridad que para los derechos fundamentales supone la dilación en el tiempo de medidas de excepcionalidad, apostando por una regulación por ley orgánica de las situaciones de emergencia sanitaria, la actual o las que podamos vivir en el futuro. La cuestión de cómo valoramos los riesgos y que respuestas reglamos con antelación para afrontarlos constituye hoy un imperativo para la defensa de los derechos fundamentales.Alternate :This paper highlights how the pandemic caused by COVID-19 constitutes one of the many global risks faced by our societies, one of those risks that have arrived to stay. That, therefore, demands a response out of a state of exceptionality. The paper also warns of the risks and insecurity for fundamental rights posed by the delay in the time of exceptional measures, and advocates regulation by organic law of health emergency situations -the current one or those that we may experience in the future-. The question of how we assess the risks and what responses we regulate in advance to face them constitutes today an imperative for the defense of fundamental rights.

12.
Applied Economics ; 55(32):3675-3688, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322561

ABSTRACT

This study provides an empirical analysis on the main univariate and multivariate stylized facts iin return series of the two of the largest cryptocurrencies, namely Ethereum and Bitcoin. A Markov-Switching Vector AutoRegression model is considered to further explore the dynamic relationships between cryptocurrencies and other financial assets. We estimate the presence of volatility clustering, a rapid decay of the autocorrelation function, an excess of kurtosis and multivariate little cross-correlation across the series, except for contemporaneous returns. The analysis covers the pandemic period and sheds lights on the behaviour of cryptocurrencies under unexpected extreme events.

13.
Practice ; 35(3):255-270, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322550

ABSTRACT

While vicarious trauma from hearing traumatic material when working with clients has long been recognised, the concept that much vicarious trauma stems from systemic challenges, and work conditions, is a more recent development. There has been a willingness to recognise the toll on individuals of client stories, however this has allowed organisations to minimise other aspects of the work that are also impactful. Never has this been truer than in the last two years with the Covid-19 pandemic, when workers have experienced their own sense of risk at work, alongside a sense of possible expendability from their organisations. Workers may have felt obliged to keep meeting client need, whilst managing their own personal distress or worry. The article explores areas that contribute to vicarious, work-related trauma, other than hearing the narratives of those who have experienced trauma themselves. Individual and organisational practices, such as organisational culture;variability of the workload;conditions of the work environment;access to professional development;and the provision of quality supervision. The impact of each will be considered, with the aim not just to avoid vicarious trauma or burnout, but to proactively address issues that may impair the functioning of an integrated and fully cognisant professional.

14.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(8-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2322487

ABSTRACT

Although scholars have well-established the benefits of higher teacher-efficacy, the lack of literature regarding the sources and influences of these self-beliefs has led to an overly-reductionistic view of the construct. A teacher's sense of efficacy is a multifaceted entity which involves the interplay of various factors individuals leverage to formulate their judgement of their abilities. These influencers include a combination of internal elements such as an individual's previous experiences or social interactions, and external elements such as the environmental context or surroundings. The aim of this study was to explore the intricacies of the teacher-efficacy development process as situated during a crisis event. Crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, are ominous in that they tend to be volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous (VUCA). With the crisis in mind, this study involved an ecological examination of the teacher efficacy construct concerning a group of professional military education personnel during the transition to emergency remote teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic. The goal of this study was to illuminate patterns and themes from within the data by comparing (1) the design context, principles, and design team choices to promote efficacy development during the pandemic with (2) how the course graduates perceived their efficacy.The exploratory nature of this single case qualitative study involved a constant comparative analysis of semi-structured interview protocols with seven participants, archived documents of curriculum artifacts and course materials, and analytic memos. The participants consisted of three course design team members, who planned and implemented the professional development (PD) course, and four military faculty course graduates, who completed the PD and taught their first virtual teaching session. The result of using an inductive analytical approach revealed three interconnected themes that facilitated the efficacy-building process. The consistency in the data exposed that the degree to which the participants perceived authenticity in the curriculum, their ability to harness collaborative engagement among colleagues and faculty, and their opportunity to source prior exposures to handling disruptions and change intertwined to influence the developmental effort. The implications of this study counter the dominant narrative in the literature that teacher-efficacy is a linear, simplistic process. Instead, scholars and practitioners might approach efficacy-building using a collection of biological, psychological, and social influencers. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

15.
The International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy ; 43(5/6):418-435, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322476

ABSTRACT

PurposeThe article examines the interplay between welfare state regimes and the distribution of welfare between generations.Design/methodology/approachUsing data from 2017 for 24 European countries on six standard of living dimensions, the authors investigate the intergenerational welfare distribution in a two-stage procedure: (1) the authors compare the intergenerational welfare distribution across welfare state regimes using their existing typologies and find a moderate nexus. Therefore, (2) the authors employ clustering procedure to look for a new classification that would better reflect the cross-country variation in the intergenerational welfare division.FindingsThe authors find a complex relationship between the welfare state model and welfare distribution across generations and identify the policy patterns that shape it. Continental and liberal regimes are quite similar in these terms and favour the elderly generation. Social-democratic and CEE regimes seem to be a bit more balanced. COVID-19 pandemic will probably increase the intergenerational imbalance in terms of welfare distribution in favour of the elderly.Originality/valueIn contrast to the majority of previous studies, which employ inputs (social expenditures) or outputs (benefits, incomes), the authors use intergenerational balance indicators reflecting living conditions of a given generation as compared to the reference point defined as an average situation of all generations.

16.
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Sociologica ; - (84):19, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322439

ABSTRACT

Celem artykułu jest zaprezentowanie najważniejszych wniosków z kryzysu w polskiej piłce nożnej wywołanego przez pandemię COVID-19. W badaniu dokonano jakościowej analizy treści materiałów prasowych opisujących doniesienia dotyczące futbolu oraz przeprowadzono wywiady pogłębione w wariancie eksperckim z osobami pełniącymi ważne funkcje w środowisku zawodowej piłki nożnej. Wyniki analizy pokazują niespotykaną od dekad skalę negatywnych konsekwencji dla całego ekosystemu piłkarskiego. Najważniejsze z nich obejmowały kwestie: bezpośredniego zagrożenia zdrowia, ekonomii (widmo krachu na rynku piłkarskim), trudności organizacyjno-formalnych oraz wątpliwości wobec politycznego zaangażowania w proces przywrócenia futbolu. Szybkie i zakończone sukcesem wdrożenie planu odmrażania polskiej piłki nożnej ostatecznie uchroniło najważniejszych interesariuszy przed urzeczywistnieniem się najbardziej pesymistycznych scenariuszy (np. niewydolności finansowej i bankructw).Alternate :The paper aims to present the key conclusions from the crisis in Polish football caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The study is based on desk research and secondary data analysis: content analysis in media (press article's comparative analysis) and semi-structured interviews (conducted with experts with representatives of Polish football community). The results show an unprecedented scale of negative consequences for the entire football ecosystem. Those included health threat, economic problems, organizational difficulties, and ambiguous political involvement in the process of restoring football. The quick restart of the Polish football protected the most important stakeholders from the worst-case scenarios (e.g., bankruptcies) coming true.

17.
Journal of Applied Finance and Banking ; 13(4), 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322382

ABSTRACT

The Corona Virus Disease pandemic has significant adverse effects on the economy, health, and society that have hampered global economic growth. Taiwan is one of the countries impacted by this pandemic. The pandemic had an enormous influence on the world economy, making the role of financial report quality an even more critical issue. This study aims to examine and evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of financial reports. Additionally, it intends to examine and evaluate the differences between the impact of audit opinion and audit quality on the quality of financial reports before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. This study adopts secondary data, i.e., annual financial reports and audit quality data of public listing firms on the Taiwan Stock Exchange (TSE). Furthermore, this study selected data from 2016 to 2021. This study proves that the COVID-19 pandemic affects the quality of financial reports. Furthermore, this study suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic strengthens the negative impacts of audit opinion on the quality of financial reports using accrual earnings management proxies. However, it also shows that the audit quality did not impact the quality of financial reports proxied by accrual and real earnings management at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak.

18.
Managing New Security Threats in the Caribbean ; : 153-180, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2322363

ABSTRACT

In today's globalized world, with high connectivity and interdependence on other nations, the germs can cross borders within minutes making the Caribbean region more vulnerable. The paramount role of health diplomacy is increasing day by day, especially with the recent COVID-19 pandemic. In 2007, the Caribbean region formulated the "Port of Spain Summit Declaration”, a unique, comprehensive policy addressing chronic non-communicable diseases with a high-level commitment from the head of the states. Health diplomacy is not something new to the region as it has developed many regional initiatives for collective action against HIV/AIDS, other infectious diseases in the past decades but never had a dedicated centre to further the concept or conduct more research. This chapter examines various challenges in the region and emphasizes the region's role in addressing its needs on global platforms to negotiate for more assistance and robust policies to safeguard peace, health, and development. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022.

19.
Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences ; 11(12):894-897, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2322340

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), was first detected in Wuhan, China in 2019 and since then has engulfed the entire globe at an unprecedented pace. The virus has infected all age groups, both males and females with or without symptoms and with significant variations. In this study, we wanted to analyse the data related to demographic features of COVID-19-infected patients mainly focusing on their age, gender and symptoms. METHODS: This was a hospital-based retrospective study that included all laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases which were declared SARS-COV-2 real-time RT-PCR positive by VRDL, SMCH, Silchar from March 2020 to August 2021. Data related to the demographic characteristics of patients with COVID-19 infection was retrieved from the ICMR-COVID-19 portal of the laboratory and analysed. RESULTS: The study included 8065 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases which involved 5605 cases during the first wave and 2460 cases during the second wave of COVID-19, diagnosed from different districts of South Assam. The majority of infected patients were of the younger age group of 20-30 years. The mean age of the patients was almost similar in both waves i.e. 35.9 and 38.4 years. Of the total enrolled patients, 91.7% were reported asymptomatic while 8.3% were symptomatic with fever and cough being the commonest ones. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic is a huge burden on healthcare facilities. The majority of the infected patients presenting to our hospital were young and asymptomatic, thus posing risk to the community. Hence, it is crucial to practice proper hygiene, wearing of masks and complete the vaccination schedule to achieve better vigilance to combat the COVID-19 pandemic more efficiently and effectively.

20.
Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences ; 11(13):910-912, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2322339

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An ectoparasitic disease, scabies, caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis. Some of the predisposing factors are overcrowding, unhygienic surroundings, immunocompromised status, dementia, homelessness, and sexual contact. In this study, we wanted to evaluate the changed distribution of lesions of scabies during pandemic. METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed on 600 patients attending the skin department of our tertiary care hospital over a period of 6 months. The sites of the scabies lesions were noted along with types of lesions. Demographic data and history of regular hand washing and sanitization were also documented. RESULTS: Our study revealed an important correlation between change in pattern of distribution of scabies lesions from being less frequent on finger webs (19%) to being more frequent on abdomen (periumbilical area) (73%) and groins (67%) due to regular hand washing and frequent sanitization, in this pandemic era. CONCLUSIONS: A significant change in distribution of skin lesions in scabies can be noticed during this COVID-19 pandemic.

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