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1.
Sustainability ; 14(17):10478, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024172

ABSTRACT

A considerable amount of construction and demolition wood waste (CDWW) is generated, mostly landfilled, contributing to severe environmental effects. The management of CDWW is a significant challenge as it is a hazardous contaminated waste. In this context, the circular economy (CE) concept is a solution as it comprises waste minimisation and efficient recovery of resources. Although much research is found in the literature on CDWW end-of-life management, research on CE implementation considering every life cycle stage is still scarce. In this review, we endeavour to integrate CE in CDWW to identify the waste management strategies involved in the life cycle phases. The databases were searched from 2009 to 2020 and were analysed using CiteSpace version 5.7.R1 software. Forty-nine articles were identified, and the six life cycle stages were explored. The analysis shows that CE for wood waste is essential and has greater growth potential. While the LCA studies are limited to environmental viewpoints, combining economic and social perspectives is necessary for sustainable development. Overall, based on the research findings, a theoretical framework was proposed. This study, as a consequence, promotes the application of recycled wood into multiple valuable products and thus encourages waste management to boost CE and sustainability.

2.
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection ; 42(6):694-702, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2011708

ABSTRACT

Due to the strict enforcement of lockdown, the air quality index improved drastically in the cities across the globe within a few days of lockdown globally. The present study was conducted in Jaipur city to evaluate the effect of lockdown phases on the concentrations of PM10, PM1 # NO2, SO2, CO and O3. Among the selected pollutants PM1 (-61.15%) and PM10 (-40.50%) witnessed the maximum reduction in the lockdown phase 1. Among others, gaseous pollutants also showed a declining trend, as N02(-69.61 %) witnessed maximum reduction followed by CO (-25%) and SO2(-13.74%). In contrast to this, the O3(+24.26%) showed the opposite trend. The decreasing trend of pollutant concentrations continued upto the 2nd phase of lockdown, after which conditional relaxations in restrictions led to an increase in pollutants. In comparison to last year (that is 2019) during the same period, the concentration of atmospheric pollutants in 2020 was found to be very low. Ultrafine particulate matter showed a decreasing trend throughout the study whereas coarse mode particles shows a decreasing trend till the 3rd phase of lockdown and increased later on. Whereas, most of the gaseous pollutants show a decreasing trend in almost all phases except O,showing a reverse trend. © 2022 Scientific Publishers. All rights reserved.

3.
J Pers Med ; 12(8)2022 Aug 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1997691

ABSTRACT

Dendrimers are highly branched macromolecules tailorable at will to fulfil precise requirements. They have generated a great many expectations and a huge number of publications and patents in relation to medicine, including in relation to personalized medicine, but have resulted in very poor clinical translation up to now. As clinical trials are the first steps in view of developing new compounds for (a personalized) medicine, this review focusses on the clinical trials carried out with dendrimers. Many of these clinical trials have been recently posted (2020-2022); thus, only very few concern phase 3. The safety and efficiency of essentially two main types of dendrimers, based on polylysine and polyamidoamide scaffolds, have been assessed up to now. These dendrimers were tested with the aim of treating mainly bacterial vaginosis, cancers, and COVID-19.

4.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 30(4): 531-536, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1994930

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out to evaluate the dynamics of monthly numbers of cases, deaths, tests and case fatality ratio worldwide during three phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and methods: Twenty-three sets of databases, dated the 22nd of each month from January 2020 to November 2021, for 213 countries were collected from the Worldometer website. The number of cases, deaths, tests, case fatality ratio, infection fatality ratio, etc. were counted for various periods of time for each of the 213 countries, then the results related to different periods of time were compared. The analysis of main epidemiological parameters resulted in division of three phases of the global pandemic evolution. The first phase (23.01.20-22.07.20), the second phase (23.07.20-22.01.21) and the third phase (23.01.21-22.07.21) were different in terms of the number of tests performed, new cases and mortality due to COVID-19. By the end of second phase, the worldwide statistics indicated end of the pandemic, but the third phase was characterized by sudden rise in number of new cases and deaths. The most dramatic evolution of epidemic curve occurred in the countries where physicians had successfully confronted COVID-19 during the first two phases of the pandemic. Despite the decrease in the overall numbers deaths during the latest months analyzed, additional study is necessary to identify causes of new cases and deaths during the third phase of the pandemic. It can be suggested that preventive and therapeutic protocols should be changed from the 'standard' to 'personalized' types.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 30(3): 347-355, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1879815

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out to evaluate the dynamics of monthly numbers of cases, deaths, tests and case fatality ratio worldwide during three phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and methods: Twenty-three sets of databases, dated the 22nd of each month from January 2020 to November 2021, for 213 countries were collected from the Worldometer website. The number of cases, deaths, tests, case fatality ratio, infection fatality ratio, etc. were counted for various periods of time for each of the 213 countries, then the results related to different periods of time were compared. The analysis of main epidemiological parameters resulted in division of three phases of the global pandemic evolution. The first phase (23.01.20-22.07.20), the second phase (23.07.20-22.01.21) and the third phase (23.01.21-22.07.21) were different in terms of the number of tests performed, new cases and mortality due to COVID-19. By the end of second phase, the worldwide statistics indicated imminent end of the pandemic, but the third phase was characterized by sudden rise in the number of new cases and deaths that could not be explained rationally. The most dramatic evolution of epidemic curve occurred in the countries where physicians had successfully confronted COVID-19 during the first two phases of the pandemic. Despite the decrease in the overall numbers deaths during the latest months analyzed, additional study is necessary to identify the cause of increasing in the number of new cases and deaths during the third phase of the pandemic. Presumably, there are several causes of negative evolution of the current pandemic, including over-reliance on polymerase chain reaction tests, application of non-specialized premises for quarantine and treatment, non-professional management, following therapeutic protocols applied in countries with high number of deaths, ignoring preventive treatment, and decreasing in mass and individual immunity. It can be suggested that the use of drugs modulating T-cell immunity is necessary, and preventive and therapeutic protocols should be changed from the 'standard' to 'personalized' types.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Water ; 14(10):1560, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1870966

ABSTRACT

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) were investigated in five wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), groundwater, irrigated soils, and plants in Amman and Al-Balqa governorates in Jordan. PPCPs were extracted from water samples by solid-phase extraction (SPE) and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC–MS/MS). Carbamazepine, ciprofloxacin, ceftiofur, diclofenac, erythromycin, lincomycin, ofloxacin, pyrimthamine, spiramycin, sulfamethoxazole, sulfapyridine, testosterone, trimethoprim, and thiamphenicol were detected in all raw wastewaters in μg/L, whereas 45 PPCPs were below the detection limits (<0.02 μg/L) in all samples. Na`ur and Abu Nuseir WWTPs showed high PPCPs removal efficiencies in comparison with AL-Baqa`a, Salt, and Fuhais-Mahis WWTPs. Boqorreya spring showed signs of contamination by Salt WWTP effluents as a result of mixing. Irrigation with effluents showed higher carbamazepine concentrations in soils at the top soil layers (0 to 20 cm) in all farms than its concentrations at the root zone (20 to 40 cm) by using drip irrigation system with various plants. In plants, carbamazepine concentration was only detected in high concentration level in mint leaves. In the same farm, diclofenac concentration was detected only in olives and not in twigs and leaves, indicating a high rate of plant uptake especially during the olive’s growth period. Furthermore, plant fruits, leaves, and stems left on the farm after harvesting are generally consumed by cattle, which means entering the food chain of humans.

7.
Dialogues in Health ; : 100016, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1867040

ABSTRACT

Background COVID-19 has resurfaced in India, where it is rapidly spreading and wreaking havoc in rural areas. An effort has been undertaken to assess the levels and patterns of COVID-19 active cases in the southern states of India. To trace and reason out anomalous trends in the COVID-19 curve so that particular actions such as lockdown, de-lockdown, and healthcare improvisation can be implemented at the appropriate time. Methods The data has retrieved from the government websites through a platform called Kaggle. The entire duration of COVID – 19 were classified into three compartments: Phase one, Resting phase, and Phase two. The Case Fatality Rate in south Indian states was analysed corresponding to the phases, and a compartmental model for COVID-19 dynamics in the region was proposed. Results The quadratic regression model was fitted and found to be the best model for the phases except for the resting phase. Phase one was comparatively less fitted when compared to phase two. In most of the south Indian states, the active cases in phase one were almost more than four times that of phase two. The average CFR value in phase one was lower than the subsequent phase in all of the southern Indian states. In phase one, Telangana, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu had the highest CFR (4.77,4.22, and 3.71, respectively), whereas Lakshadweep and Kerala had the lowest CFR (0.27 and 0.71, respectively). In the resting phase, the CFR stabilized in all states and reached a value between 0.2 to 2. The trend was similar in phase two also, CFR of Lakshadweep, Kerala, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh (0.143, 0.416,0.553, 0.803) were very low, while the CFR of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu (1.237, 1.306, 1.490) were very high. Conclusion The first and second phases of the COVID-19 virus in south Indian states had different characteristics. A District-level working group with the autonomy to respond to rapidly changing local situations must be empowered to tackle the next phase. The upcoming phases could be more peaked in less time and could be a hectic situation for the health care system.

8.
Sage Open ; 12(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1770156

ABSTRACT

In the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak in China, the epidemic has spread rapidly due to interprovincial migration from Wuhan to Hubei province and to the rest of China. Based on Chinas interprovincial migration and outbreak data, this paper established panel models. The transmission of the first wave of COVID-19 of China can be divided into two stages: a phase of national outbreak caused by interprovincial migration and a phase of sustained development due to close contacts. Interprovincial migration triggered a nationwide outbreak that lasted until around 28 January 2020, about 5 days after the Wuhan lockdown. In this phase of transmission, the population inflow from Hubei province was more contagious than the inflow from other provinces. The results also show that the sum of the influence coefficients of interprovincial population inflow is less than 1, which means a state of convergence, indicating that “Wuhan lockdown” is an effective measure to cut off the spread of the epidemic by interprovincial migration.

9.
Sustainability ; 14(5):2744, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1742655

ABSTRACT

This paper deals with the issue of planning the end-of-life phase of motor vehicle life cycles in Serbia and Montenegro. This topic is trending around sustainability issues, given the very unfavorable age structure of vehicles and the increasing import of used cars, which intensifies the problem of the number of waste vehicles. On average, a motor vehicle is in active use for a period of 10 to 15 years. Individual phases of its life cycle are indicated differently, using multiple parameters. All phases are influenced by many factors, but this paper focuses on the phases of active use and the end of life of a motor vehicle. This paper investigates these two phases in terms of the influencing elements. The main aim of this study is to lay the foundations for making adequate decisions on how to handle end-of-life vehicles, from the perspective of their drivers. The study includes performing quantitative research analysis via the k-means clustering technique on a sample of 1240 drivers (private and commercial vehicles), in order to draw concrete conclusions through appropriate statistical analysis. The key findings suggest that different market, business, and environment indicators define the phases of active use and end of life, throughout the life cycle of a motor vehicle. Future research will expand the sample to surrounding countries.

10.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(3)2022 Mar 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1742744

ABSTRACT

Understanding vaccine hesitancy, considering the target region and phase, is an urgent issue to quell the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. This study aimed to monitor COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in the Japanese population during the three phases of vaccine approval and introduction, and evaluate the association of vaccine hesitancy with vaccine confidence and literacy. We conducted web-based cross-sectional surveys during the three phases of COVID-19 vaccine introduction: January 2021, before approval; June, start of vaccination of the elderly; and September, when about 70% of the target population was vaccinated with at least one dose. There were 7210 participants, aged 20-80 years. We evaluated the association of vaccine hesitancy with vaccine confidence and literacy in the three phases using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The proportion of hesitancy in January, June, and September was 17.5%, 65.3%, and 19.4%, respectively. In any phase, lower vaccine confidence and literacy showed a higher adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of vaccine hesitancy in most items (AOR > 1, p < 0.001). Vaccine hesitancy in June had a different trend in perception of COVID-19 compared to that in the January and September surveys. The findings suggested that hesitancy increases transiently during vaccination introduction phases, and changes as the vaccination program progressed or waves of epidemic. Careful risk communication to increase vaccine confidence and literacy is essential to reduce vaccine hesitancy, especially in the introduction phase.

11.
Bull Acad Natl Med ; 206(4): 445-447, 2022 Apr.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1698897
12.
International Conference on New Technologies, Development and Application, NT 2021 ; 233:690-699, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1669681

ABSTRACT

In the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic, techniques and technologies represent important factors in the business of all companies, especially companies that deal with the collection and delivery of shipments. Reduced social distance during a pandemic directly affects new trends and ways of using technology in business, which accelerates and introduces new technologies such as IoT and 5G network in business. In this paper, the concept of 5G and IoT architecture is proposed, which can be used in all technological phases of postal traffic. The paper presents the possibilities and challenges of introducing IoT and 5G technology in postal traffic. Special attention in the paper is focused on the technological phases of collection and delivery of shipments, and changes that occur in the processes as a result of the introduction and integration of new technologies in postal traffic. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

13.
Sensors & Transducers ; 253(6):9-17, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1668506

ABSTRACT

The paper investigates the properties of gas sensors based on biohydroxyapatite for diagnostic the state of the upper respiratory tract of calves and humans. The process of synthesis of biohydroxyapatite of different mass is described. The peculiarities of sorption of volatile compounds on this sorbent depending on mass are considered for two modes of measurement (injection and frontal). The effectiveness and selectiveness of organic vapor microweighting using biohydroxyapatite phases of different mass are estimated. Possibilities of volatile organic compounds vapors identification in a mixture without separation are considered. For this task, the new parameters are calculated by the signals of one or two piezoelectric sensors with biohydroxyapatite of different masses. Results of analysis and identification of substances in the gas phase over nasal secretions of calves and humans with various respiratory diseases are presented. The intervals of the values of the calculated parameters are determined for reliable selection of samples into the "inflammation" group. The first and second order errors have been estimated in binary classification into groups "healthy" and "inflammation". The minimum number of false-positive responses in the classification of samples is achieved using the parameters of two sensors with a biohydroxyapatite of different masses.

14.
Viruses ; 14(2)2022 01 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1649018

ABSTRACT

While numerous studies have already compared the immune responses against SARS-CoV-2 in severely and mild-to-moderately ill COVID-19 patients, longitudinal trajectories are still scarce. We therefore set out to analyze serial blood samples from mild-to-moderately ill patients in order to define the immune landscapes for differently progressed disease stages. Twenty-two COVID-19 patients were subjected to consecutive venipuncture within seven days after diagnosis or admittance to hospital. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze peripheral blood immune cell compositions and their activation as were plasma levels of cytokines and SARS-CoV-2 specific immunoglobulins. Healthy donors served as controls. Integrating the kinetics of plasmablasts and SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies allowed for the definition of three disease stages of early COVID-19. The incubation phase was characterized by a sharp increase in pro-inflammatory monocytes and terminally differentiated cytotoxic T cells. The latter correlated significantly with elevated concentrations of IP-10. Early acute infection featured a peak in PD-1+ cytotoxic T cells, plasmablasts and increasing titers of virus specific antibodies. During late acute infection, immature neutrophils were enriched, whereas all other parameters returned to baseline. Our findings will help to define landmarks that are indispensable for the refinement of new anti-viral and anti-inflammatory therapeutics, and may also inform clinicians to optimize treatment and prevent fatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/blood , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/physiopathology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Acute Disease , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Blood Cell Count , Chemokine CXCL10/blood , Chemokine CXCL10/immunology , Cytokines/blood , Cytokines/immunology , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Neutrophils/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology , Young Adult
15.
The International Journal of Ceramic Engineering & Science ; 4(1):47-52, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1640687

ABSTRACT

Sudden shortage of a particular raw material due to freight disruptions, competitive market, and COVID restrictions have frequently forced the refractory industry to rapidly develop alternative formulations using available low‐cost materials. These alternative ingredients might cursorily appear to have similar total impurity content, but the presence of certain impurity combinations depending on the refractory type can produce more fluid liquid phase at high temperature, thereby drastically reducing hot strength. Undetected by the commonly used X‐ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis, the low‐cost material might differ in mineral‐phase content, whose phase transformations during firing might create excessive expansion producing warpage of the refractory along with a high porosity reducing strength and corrosion resistance. Finally, those cheap raw materials might have similar sieve analysis to that of the standard ingredient but might have much lower tapped density, which would introduce detrimental porosity into the resulting refractory. Hence, time‐consuming trials are often performed. Dilatometer studies on pressed or cast samples in a single test can identify reaction temperatures of spinel or mullite formation, which expand during firing, along with the amount of expansion and exact times at which firing needs to be done. It can also compare relative shrinkage due to liquid‐phase formation among impure raw materials like recycled grogs or low‐grade ores. Finally, dilatometric step scan is shown as a fast technique to prepare in‐house, low‐cost reactive spinel powder, which can also work for mullite.

16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(4)2022 01 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1642082

ABSTRACT

The phase state of respiratory aerosols and droplets has been linked to the humidity-dependent survival of pathogens such as SARS-CoV-2. To inform strategies to mitigate the spread of infectious disease, it is thus necessary to understand the humidity-dependent phase changes associated with the particles in which pathogens are suspended. Here, we study phase changes of levitated aerosols and droplets composed of model respiratory compounds (salt and protein) and growth media (organic-inorganic mixtures commonly used in studies of pathogen survival) with decreasing relative humidity (RH). Efflorescence was suppressed in many particle compositions and thus unlikely to fully account for the humidity-dependent survival of viruses. Rather, we identify organic-based, semisolid phase states that form under equilibrium conditions at intermediate RH (45 to 80%). A higher-protein content causes particles to exist in a semisolid state under a wider range of RH conditions. Diffusion and, thus, disinfection kinetics are expected to be inhibited in these semisolid states. These observations suggest that organic-based, semisolid states are an important consideration to account for the recovery of virus viability at low RH observed in previous studies. We propose a mechanism in which the semisolid phase shields pathogens from inactivation by hindering the diffusion of solutes. This suggests that the exogenous lifetime of pathogens will depend, in part, on the organic composition of the carrier respiratory particle and thus its origin in the respiratory tract. Furthermore, this work highlights the importance of accounting for spatial heterogeneities and time-dependent changes in the properties of aerosols and droplets undergoing evaporation in studies of pathogen viability.


Subject(s)
Calcium Chloride/chemistry , Models, Chemical , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Serum Albumin/chemistry , Sodium Chloride/chemistry , COVID-19/virology , Diffusion , Disinfection/methods , Humans , Humidity , Kinetics , Microbial Viability , Phase Transition , Surface Properties
17.
Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering ; 7(2):511-514, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1590049

ABSTRACT

Background:The study investigated if the disinfecting potential of Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in suspensions are transferrable to in-air cleaning applications and to what extent aerosolized HOCl solutions can deactivate indoor microbial contaminations in-air at or below legal limits. Material and Method: For the liquid disinfection we used a standard suspension disinfection test protocol. For the in-air tests we conducted several experiments where aerosolized bacterial suspensions were injected into lab chambers preloaded with different HOCl gas concentrations. Results:In suspension experiments we found sufficient efficacies for all studied organisms at minimum concentrations of 200 ppm HOCl. The in-air measurement set-up allows to follow microbe deactivation by HOCl interaction. The deactivation rate increases with the HOCl concentration, and the values are highest for Gram-negative bacteria. Conclusion:We confirmed our hypothesis of the high disinfecting power of HOCl in-air at safe levels for populated indoor places. The investigated bacteria provide a model system for infectious particles, including enveloped viruses (to which Coronavirus belongs). These early results suggest that HOCl should be further evaluated as an air-cleaning method which may complement established concepts. © 2021 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston.

18.
15th Economics and Finance Conference ; : 42-52, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1579525

ABSTRACT

The aim of the article is to prove by econometric analysis the suitability of NAIRU and NARRU concepts to assess the adequacy of measures against Covid 19 to address the epidemiological and economic situation in the Czech Republic. The analysis confirmed that in the Czech Republic the economy was reduced together with the escalation of the epidemic. The same development was found in the period March, April, October, November and December 2020 and February 2021. The government was therefore to take the path of greater prevention of the disease (eg timely adequate respirators, tests and vaccines). On the contrary, in January, February, May, June, July, August and September 2020 and January 2021, a lower value of NAIRU indicates an epidemiological-economic balance in the economy even with a higher unemployment rate. This is a consequence of the hasty tightening of anti-epidemiological restrictions.

19.
North Clin Istanb ; 8(5): 529-536, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1513245

ABSTRACT

On December 31, 2019; unidentified pneumonia cases were reported from China. It was soon announced that these cases were of viral origin and the cause was a new coronavirus (CoV). Initially, the virus was called "novel CoV " and then defined as "severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" after more detailed investigations. The disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 was named CoV disease 2019 (COVID-19) by the World Health Organization. The rapid spread of the disease in a few months has resulted in a global pandemic and it continues. However, there are no specific effective anti-viral drugs for SARS-CoV-2 infection, some antiviral drugs are using in the therapy of COVID-19 with limited success. Currently, for the prevention of the pandemic, global vaccination seems to be important. Antiviral protection of vaccines is provided by the development of antibodies that can neutralize the virus. Antibody response develops against spike protein and nucleocapsid protein but neutralizing antibodies are formed against the receptor-binding domain of the spike protein. It has also been shown that most viral proteins are recognized in T-cell responses. Vaccine discovery trials for COVID-19 have begun all over the world since the outbreak began. More than 100 vaccine studies against COVID-19 have been published in the last year. Some of them were urgently approved and used worldwide. The current study aimed to review the progression and current use of COVID-19 vaccines.

20.
Work ; 70(3): 713-721, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1496989

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Under the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic, the problem of emotional burnout syndrome among nurses working under extremely stressful conditions has become particularly acute. It is therefore necessary to examine the characteristics of emotional burnout syndrome in nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic to develop effective measures to prevent and enhance their mental health. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to establish the features of emotional burnout syndrome and its connection with typological characteristics of the personality in nurses working with COVID-19 patients. METHODS: A total of 120 female nurses who worked with COVID-19 patients were surveyed, of whom 60 (50.0%) worked in outpatient settings along with general practitioners and 60 (50.0%) worked in the intensive care unit. The average age of the participants was 40.86±3.20 years, and the average length of medical service was 13.64±1.73 years. RESULTS: A burnout syndrome of varying severity was present in 50.0%of outpatient nurses and 73.3%of intensive care nurses (OR = 2.44, 95%CI [1.16-5.16]; p < 0.05). The tension phase predominated in outpatient nurses (53.3%), and the resistance phase was more typical for intensive care nurses (63.3%). CONCLUSIONS: The practice of nurses under COVID-19 pandemic conditions is characterized by the high prevalence of emotional burnout syndrome.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Nurses , Adult , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Psychological/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Personality , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
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