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1.
G Ital Nefrol ; 39(3)2022 Jun 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1929243

ABSTRACT

Background: Pandemic condition due to Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused a fastest augmentation of hospitalization, impairing the healthcare organization. As a consequence, diagnostic and therapeutic delays have been showed. COVID-19-associated coagulopathy is an endothelial disease related to SARSCoV-2 infection. Our study evaluated the thrombosis of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) as risk marker of mortality. Methods: the analysis included 24 dialysis-dependent patients admitted in a period between March 2020 and June 2021. Patients were divided based on AVF thrombosis: the A group without AVF thrombosis (13 patients), and the B group with AVF thrombosis events (11 patients). Pearson or Spearman' correlation tests were performed to detect possible confounding variable to include in multivariate models. Kaplan Meier and Cox regression analysis were performed to compute mortality analysis. Results: Delta D-dimer (Rho: 0.613, p=0.007), over-infections (Rho 0.456; p= 0,026), C-reactive Protein (CRP) (Rho=0.417, p=0.043), death (Rho=0.492, p=0.027), positive pulmonary imaging (Rho 0.388, p=0.074), and high OLT (0.408, p=0.047) were related to AVF thrombosis, using Pearson or Spearman correlation tests. Kaplan Meier test showed a death average of 19 days in group B compared to a global average of 38 days (p=0.029), and Cox analysis showed an HR of 5.01, 95% CI 1.01-24.99, p=0.049. Furthermore, AVF thrombosis explained about the 68% of the mortality, evaluated through the Harrel's C test. Conclusion: We can speculate that AVF thrombosis in hemodialysis patients with COVID-19 could be an early marker of both pro-coagulative process and severe clinical disease and it could be used to stratify patients and identify the ones that can be considered "frail".


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Fistula , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical/adverse effects , Biomarkers , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
2.
Viruses ; 14(6)2022 05 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1911607

ABSTRACT

Rare cases of thrombocytopenia and thrombosis after anti-COVID-19 adenovirus-associated mRNA vaccines (VITT) due to platelet-activating anti-platelet-factor 4 (PF4)/polyanion antibodies have been reported. VITT laboratory diagnosis, similarly to heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) diagnosis, requires immunoassays for anti-PF4/polyanion antibodies identification, such as ELISA assays and platelet-activating functional tests, such as heparin-induced platelet activation test (HIPA), to confirm their pathogenicity. We compared the flow cytometry (FC) measurement of platelet p-selectin exposure to the gold standard functional test HIPA for diagnosis confirmation in 13 patients with a clinical VITT syndrome (6M/7F; median age 56 (33-78)) who resulted positive to anti-PF4/polyanion antibodies ELISA assays (12/13). FC and HIPA similarly identified three different patterns: (1) a typical non-heparin-dependent VITT pattern (seven and six patients by FC and HIPA, respectively); (2) low/no platelet activation in patients under IvIg therapy (five out of five and two out of four patients by FC and HIPA, respectively); (3) a HIT pattern. Antibodies investigated by FC became negative after 7, 17, and 24 days of therapy in three patients. FC measurement of P-selectin exposure was as sensitive as HIPA but simpler to detect anti-PF4/polyanion antibodies in VITT patients. FC could reliably discriminate VITT from HIT, thus helping for the choice of the anticoagulant.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , Antibodies/isolation & purification , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Flow Cytometry , Heparin , Humans , Middle Aged , P-Selectin , Platelet Factor 4/immunology , Thrombocytopenia/chemically induced , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thrombosis/chemically induced , Thrombosis/diagnosis
3.
J Thromb Haemost ; 20(8): 1875-1879, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1891645

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vaccine-induced immune thrombocytopenia and thrombosis (VITT) following the administration of the AstraZeneca (AZ) ChAdOx1 nCOV-19 vaccine is a well recognized clinical phenomenon. The associated clinical and laboratory features have included thrombosis at unusual sites, thrombocytopenia, raised D-dimer levels and positivity for immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-platelet factor 4 (PF4) antibodies. OBJECTIVES: A collaborative external quality assessment (EQA) exercise was carried out by distributing five lyophilized samples from subjects with VITT and one from a healthy subject to 500 centers performing heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) testing. METHODS: Participating centers employed their locally validated testing methods for HIT assays, with some participants additionally reporting results for VITT modified assays. RESULTS: A total of 385 centers returned results for anti-PF4 immunoassay and functional assays. The ELISA assays used in the detection of anti-PF4 antibodies for the samples distributed had superior sensitivities compared with both the functional assays and the non-ELISA methods. CONCLUSION: ELISA-based methods to detect anti PF4 antibodies have a greater sensitivity in confirmation of VITT compared with functional assays regardless of whether such functional assays were modified to be specific for VITT. Rapid immunoassays should not be employed to detect VITT antibodies.


Subject(s)
ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Platelet Factor 4 , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19/adverse effects , Heparin/adverse effects , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Immunologic Factors/adverse effects , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/chemically induced , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/diagnosis , Thrombocytopenia/chemically induced , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
5.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 16(5): 778-781, 2022 05 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1879505

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has resulted in the death of a number of people around the world. Complications of COVID-19 including coagulopathy may contribute to the development of arterial ischemic events. Mesenterial thrombosis is a late complication of the disease. This clinical case presented the role of hypercoagulation in the clinical picture of the COVID-19 patients, which increased the risk of death.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Arteries , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
7.
Kardiologiia ; 62(3): 21-27, 2022 Mar 31.
Article in Russian, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1789754

ABSTRACT

Aim      To evaluate the incidence and features of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombosis in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) after novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19).Material and methods  Percutaneous echocardiography (pcEchoCG) was performed for 128 patients with persistent AF prepared for cardioversion, 36 (28.1 %) of whom had had COVID-19. In 3 (8.3 %) patients, the lung lesion area was 50-75 %; in 31 (86.1 %) patients, 25-50 %; in 1 (2.8 %) patient, less than 25 %. One patient had no lung lesion. Median time from the onset of COVID-19 to the patient enrollment in the study was 76.5 days. At the time of enrollment, the polymerase chain reaction test for SARS-CoV-2 was negative in all patients.Results Patients after COVID-19 and those who had not had COVID-19 were comparable by age (62.5±9.2 and 62.4±9.1 years, respectively; р=0.956), gender (men 52.8 and 59.8 %, respectively; р=0.471), and risk of stroke (score 2.19±1.28 and score 1.95±1.35, respectively; р=0.350). Duration of the last arrhythmia episode was longer for patients after COVID-19 than for the comparison group (76.5 and 45.0 days, respectively; р=0.011). All patients received oral anticoagulants. 55.6 % of COVID-19 patients received rivaroxaban, whereas 62.0% of patients who had not had COVID-19 were treated with apixaban. Median duration of the anticoagulant treatment was longer for COVID-19 patients than for the comparison group (61.5 and 32.0 days; р=0.051). LAA thrombus was detected in 7 (19.4 %) patients after COVID-19 and in 6 (6.5 %) patients of the comparison group (р=0.030). In COVID-19 patients, the thrombus adhered to LAA wall over the entire thrombus length whereas in patients who had not have COVID-19, the thrombus had a free part that formed a sharp angle with LAA walls. In the presence of LAA thrombus, the LAA blood flow velocity was considerably higher for COVID-19 patients than for the comparison group (31.0±8.9 and 18.8±4.9 cm/sec, respectively; p=0.010). At the follow-up examination performed at 24.0 days on the average, the thrombus was found to be dissolved in 80 and 50% of patients after and without COVID-19, respectively (р=0.343).Conclusion      In patients with persistent AF after the novel coronavirus infection, LAA thrombosis was detected more frequently than in patients who had never had COVID-19; it was characterized by mural localization and was not associated with a decrease in LAA blood flow velocity.


Subject(s)
Atrial Appendage , Atrial Fibrillation , COVID-19 , Heart Diseases , Thrombosis , Aged , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , COVID-19/complications , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/adverse effects , Heart Diseases/complications , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology
8.
BMC Urol ; 22(1): 57, 2022 Apr 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1789112

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Penile Mondor disease is a superficial dorsal vein thrombophlebitis of the penis, which mainly affects young and middle-aged men. It generally manifests as a visible painful cord located along the dorsal surface of the penis with signs of skin inflammation. The condition is usually self-limiting, but in severe cases a surgical procedure may be necessary in addition to pharmacological treatment. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 is associated with a frequent incidence of thrombophilia; therefore, such a prothrombotic state during infection may be a significant risk factor for penile Mondor disease. CASE PRESENTATION: The 34-year-old patient reported moderate pain felt on the surface of the penis. During the medical interview, the patient did not admit significant risk factors for Mondor Disease, apart from the previous, a month earlier COVID-19 disease. Examination revealed swelling erythema and a thick indurated cord on the surface of the penis. Color Doppler ultrasound was performed to confirm assumptions and exclude thrombosis of other penile vessels. Based on visible clots in the course of the superficial penile vein and after exclusion of vasculitis due to autoimmune disease the diagnosis of penile Mondor disease was made. Pharmacological therapy was implemented to further break down the clot and prevent rethrombosis in the penile vessels. The patient did not report any treatment complications and returned for a control visit, which revealed complete clot dissolution on ultrasound; therefore, complete recovery was stated. CONCLUSIONS: This case report presents the correlation between SARS-Cov-2 infection and penile Mondor disease, based on the confirmed influence of COVID-19 on the pathophysiology of thrombosis. It can be concluded that COVID- 19 is a risk factor for Mondor disease, as in the presented case the virus was the only prothrombotic risk factor for the patient. Consequently, the possibility of developing thrombosis in the form of penile Mondor disease should be taken into account among patients with post-COVID-19 and active SARS-Cov-2 infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Adult , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Penis , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
9.
Trends Cardiovasc Med ; 32(5): 249-256, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1705545

ABSTRACT

Thrombosis that occurs in coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a serious complication and a critical aspect of pathogenesis in the disease progression. Although thrombocytopenia is uncommon in the initial presentation, it may also reflect disease severity due to the ability of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to activate platelets. This occurs directly through the spike protein-angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) interaction and indirectly by coagulation and inflammation activation. Dysregulation in both innate and adaptive immune systems is another critical factor that causes thrombosis and thrombocytopenia in COVID-19. Vaccination is the most potent and effective tool to mitigate COVID-19; however, rare side effects, namely vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT)/thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS) can occur following adenovirus-vectored vaccine administration. VITT/TTS is rare, and thrombocytopenia can be the clue to detect this serious complication. It is important to consider that thrombocytopenia and/or thromboembolism are not events limited to post-vaccination with vectored vaccine, but are also seen rarely after vaccination with other vaccines. Various conditions mimic VITT/TTS, and it is vital to achieving the correct diagnosis at an earlier stage. Antiplatelet factor 4 (PF4) antibody detection by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is used for diagnosing VITT/TTS. However, false-positive rates also occur in vaccinated people, who do not show any thrombosis or thrombocytopenia. Vaccinated people with messenger RNA vaccine can show positive but low density and non-functional in terms of platelet aggregation, it is vital to check the optical density. If anti-PF4 ELISA is not available, discriminating other conditions such as antiphospholipid syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, systemic lupus erythematosus, and hemophagocytic syndrome/hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is critical when the patients show thrombosis with thrombocytopenia after COVID-19 vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thrombocytopenia/etiology , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects , mRNA Vaccines/adverse effects
10.
Pathology ; 54(3): 254-261, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1665342

ABSTRACT

Platelet factor 4 (PF4), a protein stored in the alpha-granules of platelets and released upon activation, forms cationic tetramers that bind with various polymeric anions, including heparin. Some individuals develop antibodies against PF4 in complex with heparin (PF4/H), which potentially lead to the onset of heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). In some patients, this may cause activation and aggregation of platelets, promoting pathological thrombosis, in a process called heparin induced thrombocytopenia with thrombosis ('HITT'). Laboratories can assess for the presence of these antibodies using many PF4 antibody tests, including by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), latex immunoassay (LIA), chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) and even rapid nanoparticle based lateral flow immunoassays. All these assays can identify such antibodies with high sensitivity, but methods may have variable specificity. For example, several studies have shown CLIA assays to have higher specificity to HITT than ELISA assays. Very recently, a new 'HITT-like' syndrome has been described in some individuals receiving adenovirus based COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) vaccines. This condition has been given several names, including vaccine induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) and thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS), and also involves a mechanism mediated by antibodies formed against PF4. These antibodies can also be detected by PF4 antibody tests, but detection sensitivity appears to favour ELISA assays, with most other tests (including CLIA and LIA) not generally capable of detecting such antibodies. Additional functional assays assessing for PF4 mediated platelet activation may also be performed. The current review is focussed on laboratory testing for PF4 antibodies, in particular to distinguishing patterns in HITT versus VITT.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , Vaccines , Heparin/adverse effects , Humans , Platelet Factor 4 , Thrombocytopenia/chemically induced , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thrombosis/chemically induced , Thrombosis/diagnosis
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1662672

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Today there are many devices that can be used to study blood clotting disorders by identifying abnormalities in blood platelets. The Total Thrombus Formation Analysis System is an automated microchip flow chamber system that is used for the quantitative analysis of clot formation under blood flow conditions. For several years, researchers have been using a tool to analyse various clinical situations of patients to identify the properties and biochemical processes occurring within platelets and their microenvironment. METHODS: An investigation of recent published literature was conducted based on PRISMA. This review includes 52 science papers directly related to the use of the Total Clot Formation Analysis System in relation to bleeding, surgery, platelet function assessment, anticoagulation monitoring, von Willebrand factor and others. CONCLUSION: Most available studies indicate that The Total Thrombus Formation Analysis System may be useful in diagnostic issues, with devices used to monitor therapy or as a significant tool for predicting bleeding events. However, T-TAS not that has the potential for diagnostic indications, but allows the direct observation of the flow and the interactions between blood cells, including the intensity and dynamics of clot formation. The device is expected to be of significant value for basic research to observe the interactions and changes within platelets and their microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Blood Platelets/physiology , Lab-On-A-Chip Devices/standards , Microfluidics/methods , Thrombosis/blood , Blood Platelets/metabolism , Humans , Microfluidics/instrumentation , Thrombosis/diagnosis
12.
Cardiol Young ; 32(1): 138-141, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1655373

ABSTRACT

A 17-year-old adolescent with severe multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with coronavirus disease-2019 developed reduced left ventricular function and left ventricular thrombus. With treatment, his condition improved and the thrombus was dissolved. This case illustrates the risk of severe intra-cardiac thrombotic complications in patients with MIS-C.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Adolescent , COVID-19/complications , Child , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
13.
Nat Rev Cardiol ; 19(7): 475-495, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1632773

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) predisposes patients to thrombotic and thromboembolic events, owing to excessive inflammation, endothelial cell activation and injury, platelet activation and hypercoagulability. Patients with COVID-19 have a prothrombotic or thrombophilic state, with elevations in the levels of several biomarkers of thrombosis, which are associated with disease severity and prognosis. Although some biomarkers of COVID-19-associated coagulopathy, including high levels of fibrinogen and D-dimer, were recognized early during the pandemic, many new biomarkers of thrombotic risk in COVID-19 have emerged. In this Consensus Statement, we delineate the thrombotic signature of COVID-19 and present the latest biomarkers and platforms to assess the risk of thrombosis in these patients, including markers of platelet activation, platelet aggregation, endothelial cell activation or injury, coagulation and fibrinolysis as well as biomarkers of the newly recognized post-vaccine thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome. We then make consensus recommendations for the clinical use of these biomarkers to inform prognosis, assess disease acuity, and predict thrombotic risk and in-hospital mortality. A thorough understanding of these biomarkers might aid risk stratification and prognostication, guide interventions and provide a platform for future research.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Biomarkers , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
14.
Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program ; 2021(1): 92-99, 2021 12 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1566497

ABSTRACT

Although much less common than deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities or lungs, clots in unusual locations, including the splanchnic, cerebral, retinal, upper-extremity, and renal locations, present with significant morbidity and mortality. In the last 2 decades, treatment of clots in these unusual locations is primarily managed medically, with interventional and surgical approaches reserved for more severe or refractory cases. The hematologist is well positioned to provide consultation to organ-specific specialties (ie, neurosurgery, hepatology, ophthalmology), especially because acquired and congenital hypercoagulability plays a major role, and anticoagulation is often the primary treatment. Historically, treatment has been based on expert opinion, but systematic reviews and meta-analyses have recently been published. Various societies have produced guidelines for the treatment of clots in unusual locations; however, randomized clinical trial data remain scarce. In the last few years, increasing data have emerged concerning the efficacy of the direct oral anticoagulants in treating clots in unusual locations. Cases have recently been described highlighting atypical thrombosis associated with COVID-19 infection as well as with the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (AstraZeneca) vaccine and Johnson and Johnson's Janssen Ad26.COV2.S vaccine. This article reviews clots in unusual locations with an emphasis on the splanchnic (mesenteric, portal, splenic, hepatic) and cerebral circulation. Through a case-based approach, key questions are posed, and data are presented to help guide diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Cerebrovascular Circulation , Splanchnic Circulation , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/therapy , /adverse effects , Adult , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cerebrovascular Circulation/drug effects , Disease Management , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Splanchnic Circulation/drug effects , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/physiopathology , Young Adult
15.
Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program ; 2021(1): 76-84, 2021 12 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1566496

ABSTRACT

Arterial thrombotic events in younger patients without a readily apparent etiology present significant diagnostic and management challenges. We present a structured approach to diagnosis with consideration of common causes, including atherosclerosis and embolism, as well as uncommon causes, including medications and substances, vascular and anatomic abnormalities, systemic disorders, and thrombophilias. We highlight areas of management that have evolved within the past 5 years, including the use of dual-pathway inhibition in atherosclerotic disease, antithrombotic therapy selection in embolic stroke of undetermined source and left ventricular thrombus, the role of closure of patent foramen ovale for secondary stroke prevention, and the thrombotic potential of coronavirus disease 2019 infection and vaccination. We conclude with a representative case to illustrate the application of the diagnostic framework and discuss the importance of consideration of bleeding risk and patient preference in determining the appropriate management plan.


Subject(s)
Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/therapy , Adult , Atherosclerosis/complications , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Atherosclerosis/therapy , COVID-19/complications , Disease Management , Embolism/complications , Embolism/diagnosis , Embolism/therapy , Female , Foramen Ovale, Patent/complications , Foramen Ovale, Patent/diagnosis , Foramen Ovale, Patent/therapy , Humans , Secondary Prevention , Stroke/prevention & control , Thrombosis/etiology
16.
Br J Haematol ; 196(4): 902-922, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1566272

ABSTRACT

In 145 previously healthy non-critically ill young adults, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related symptoms, risk factors for thrombosis, coagulation and inflammatory parameters were compared, with 29 patients reporting unusual thrombotic events (UTEs) and 116 not having thrombotic events. The inflammatory indices, coagulation and prothrombotic platelet phenotype (PTPP) were significantly higher in patients with UTEs versus those without. Patients with UTEs were categorised according to detection of thrombophilic genes (TGs), coagulation and inflammatory markers to the non-TG and TG subcohort. A total of 38 UTEs were identified, which included splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT; 11), stroke (six), cerebral vein thrombosis (five), thrombotic microangiopathy (four), limb ischaemia and inferior vena cava thrombosis (three each), ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (two), superior vena cava thrombosis (two), upper limb deep venous thrombosis and retinal vein thrombosis, one each. We found a 55% prevalence of TGs mainly heterozygous coagulation factor II, thrombin (FII)-G20210A, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)-V617F, protein-S, and antithrombin III deficiency with a high (76·9%) prevalence of venous UTEs, multiple vessels thrombosis, and recurrence rate among the TG versus non-TG subcohort. The presence of JAK2-V617F, and FII-G20210A mutations was linked with SVT. Thrombosis in the non-TG subcohort was associated with more haemorrhagic problems, thrombosis progression and a significantly higher level of inflammatory markers, PTPP, mean platelet volume, von Willebrand factor, and factor VIII, which remained high for up to 6 months, as well as elevated D-dimer. Acquired and inherited thrombophilia with endotheliopathy appeared to be a relevant mechanism to explain the occurrence of UTEs that are not correlated to COVID-19 severity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Thrombophilia/diagnosis , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Blood Platelets/pathology , COVID-19/diagnosis , Factor VIII/analysis , Female , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Prospective Studies , Thrombophilia/etiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/diagnosis , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/etiology , Young Adult , von Willebrand Factor/analysis
17.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 52(4): 1010-1019, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525579

ABSTRACT

COVID-19, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, is responsible for a pandemic of unparalleled portion over the past century. While the acute phase of infection causes significant morbidity and mortality, post-acute sequelae that can affect essentially any organ system is rapidly taking on an equally large part of the overall impact on human health, quality of life, attempts to return to normalcy and the global economy. Herein, we summarize the potential role of von Willebrand Factor and extracellular vesicles toward understanding the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, duration of illness, diagnostic approach and management of COVID-19 and its sequelae.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Extracellular Vesicles , Thrombosis , von Willebrand Factor , Biomarkers , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Quality of Life , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/virology
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