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Routes to a Resilient European Union: Interdisciplinary European Studies ; : 89-113, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2292145


This chapter addresses the implications for European Union (EU) cooperation of the coronavirus pandemic. In doing so, it assesses the EU's ability to manage and prevent health crises more broadly. The chapter first discusses the EU's limited competences in the health field and outlines the legal framework for cross-border health threats. The analysis then examines the initial response to the pandemic from January to early autumn 2020, including a late start, subsequent collapse of cooperation and finally a more concerted approach emphasising solidarity. In conclusion, the chapter touches upon an emerging reform agenda enabling the EU institutions to better respond to and prevent similar crises in the future. Attention is drawn to aspects beyond preparedness and response, such as socio-economic factors, inequalities and weak health systems. Finally, the chapter underlines human impact on ecosystems and the climate as factors contributing to accumulated health risks and changing disease patterns. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022, corrected publication 2022.

Data and Policy ; 4, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2297102


In this article's Data Availability Statement, the URL to the replication code was missing. Find the full Data Availability Statement below along with the link to the openly available code on GitHub. Data Availability Statement. If possible, results of computed indicators or aggregated statistics will be made available through the website of the Gambia Bureau of Statistics (GBoS) or the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority (PURA). Details of methodologies employed for computing indicators can be found on the World Bank COVID19 Mobility Task Force Github repository. Code adjusted for running a system under PURA is maintained on the University of Tokyo's Spatial Data Commons Github repository and can be found here: © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Applied Probability Trust.