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Hepatology International ; 17(Supplement 1):S123, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2327134


Background/Aims: The clinical course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in individuals with HIV-1 coinfection is marked by accelerated disease progression. A tenofovir-containing antiretroviral regimen is recommended in most people with HIV-1/HBV-coinfection, but there have not been randomized studies of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) vs tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) in treatment- naive HIV-1/HBV-coinfected individuals. We report primary endpoint results from a Phase 3 study comparing bictegravir/emtricitabine/ TAF (B/F/TAF) vs dolutegravir + emtricitabine/TDF (DTG + F/TDF) at Week (W)48 in participants initiating treatment for both viruses. Method(s): Adults with HIV-1/HBV coinfection were randomized 1:1 to initiate blinded treatment with B/F/TAF or DTG + F/TDF (with placebo). Primary endpoints were the proportion of participants with HIV-1 RNA<50 copies/mL (FDA Snapshot) and plasma HBV DNA<29 IU/mL (missing = failure) at W48. Noninferiority was assessed with 95% CI (12% margin). Secondary and other endpoints included change from baseline cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) count, proportion with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) loss/seroconversion, and alanine transaminase (ALT) normalization (AASLD criteria). Result(s): Participants (N = 243) were randomized and treated (B/F/ TAF [n = 121], DTG + F/TDF [n = 122]) from 11 countries in Asia, Europe, North, and Latin America. Baseline characteristics were median age of 32 years, 4.5% female, 88% Asian, 30% HIV-1 RNA>100,000 c/mL, 40% CD4<200 cells/lL, median HBV DNA 8.1 log10 IU/mL, 78% HBeAg+. At W48, B/F/TAF was noninferior to DTG + F/TDF at achieving HIV-1 RNA<50 copies/mL (95% vs 91%, difference 4.1%;95% CI -2.5%-10.8%;P = 0.21), with mean CD4 gains of + 200 and + 175 cells/lL, respectively. B/F/TAF was superior to DTG + F/TDF at achieving HBV DNA<29 IU/mL (63% vs 43%, difference 16.6%;95% CI 5.9%-27.3%;P = 0.0023). Participants treated with B/F/TAF vs DTG + F/TDF had numerically higher HBsAg loss (13% vs 6%;P = 0.059), HBeAg loss (26% vs 14%;P = 0.055), HBeAg seroconversion (23% vs 11%;P = 0.031), and ALT normalization (73% vs 55%;P = 0.066). The most frequent adverse events among participants treated with B/F/TAF vs DTG + F/TDF were upper respiratory tract infection (17% vs 11%), COVID- 19 (13% vs 11%), pyrexia (9% vs 12%), ALT increase (7% vs 11%), and nasopharyngitis (11% vs 4%). ALT flares (elevations at >= 2 consecutive postbaseline visits) occurred in 11 participants (7 B/F/ TAF, 4 DTG + F/TDF), and all resolved. Conclusion(s): Among adults with HIV-1/HBV-coinfection starting antiviral therapy, both B/F/TAF and DTG + F/TDF had high HIV-1 suppression at year 1, with B/F/TAF resulting in superior HBV DNA suppression and significantly more HBeAg seroconversion. Safety findings were similar between groups.