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1.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 35(2): 213-216, 2023 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20239137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform an epidemiological investigation on a case of visceral leishmaniasis reported from Shule County, Kashi Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in 2021, so as to provide insights into differential diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The epidemiological history of this case was collected, and the case was diagnosed for Leishmania infection with the immunochromatographic (rK39) strip test, bone marrow smear microscopy and PCR assay. RESULTS: The patient had typical clinical symptoms of leishmaniasis, including irregular fever, hepatosplenomeg- aly, low serum albumin and elevated globulin. Bone marrow smear microscopy identified L. donovani amastigotes, and both rK39 strip test and PCR assay were positive, while the case was tested negative for SARS-CoV-2. COVID-19 was therefore excluded and visceral leishmaniasis was diagnosed. Standard full-dose treatment with sodium stibogluconate was given, and no Leishmania was found on blood smears during the reexamination. No recurrence was found during the followup after discharge for hospital. CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is recommended to increase the perception of differential diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis among first-contact doctors, and reinforce the capability of differential diagnosis and health education of visceral leishmaniasis among medical and healthcare institutions at all levels, to prevent missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Leishmania donovani , Leishmaniose Visceral , Humanos , Leishmaniose Visceral/diagnóstico , Leishmaniose Visceral/tratamento farmacológico , Leishmaniose Visceral/epidemiologia , Pandemias , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases ; 40(5):689-691, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2319251

RESUMO

On December 13, 2020, Yutian County People's hospital reported one imported malaria case in Hotan, Xinjiang. The patient had worked and lived in Yaounde, Cameroon, from January to September 2020. He was infected with malaria twice in March and May 2020. Antimalarial treatment was administrated by the team doctor for 2-3 days in each treatment. The treatment was stopped after the symptoms improved. The patient returned to China on September 16 and was hospitalized on December 13 due to a high fever of 39! and upper respiratory symptoms. Multiple detections of COVID-19 nucleic acid showed negative results. Peripheral blood from the patient was taken for Plasmodium rapid diagnostic test (RDT), which showed a positive result suggesting non Plasmodium falciparum infection. Ring stage P. ovale was found in the blood smear. Nested PCR showed positive for P. ovale. A diagnosis of imported ovale malaria was made. The patient was administrated with 4 dihydroartemisinin piperaquine tablets and 3 primaquine phosphate tablets daily. The malaria parasite test became negative after 8 days of treatment. The patient was followed up for 3 months after discharge and had no symptoms of chills or fever.Copyright © 2022, National Institute of Parasitic Diseases. All rights reserved.

3.
Topics in Antiviral Medicine ; 31(2):95, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2319250

RESUMO

Background: Omicron lineages, including BA.1 and BA.2, emerged following mass COVID-19 vaccination campaigns, displaced previous SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern worldwide, and gave rise to sublineages that continue to spread among humans. Previous research has shown that Omicron lineages exhibit a decreased propensity for lower respiratory tract (lung) infection compared to ancestral SARS-CoV-2, which may explain the decreased pathogenicity associated with Omicron infections. Nonetheless, Omicron lineages exhibit an unprecedented transmissibility in humans, which until now has been solely attributed to escape from vaccine-induced neutralizing antibodies. Method(s): We comprehensively analyzed BA1 and BA2 infection in primary human nasal epithelial cells cultured at the air-liquid interface, which recapitulates the physiological architecture of the nasal epithelium in vivo. Meanwhile we also took advantage of the VSV-based pseudovirus decorated with different Spike variants. Result(s): In primary human nasal epithelial cells cultured at the air-liquid interface, which recapitulates the physiological architecture of the nasal epithelium in vivo, BA.1 and BA.2 exhibited enhanced infectivity relative to ancestral SARS-CoV-2. Using VSV-based pseudovirus decorated with different Spike variants, we found that increased infectivity conferred by Omicron Spike is due to superior attachment and entry into nasal epithelial cells. In contrast to ancestral SARS-CoV-2, invasion of nasal epithelia by Omicron occurred via the cell surface and endosomal routes of entry and was accompanied by elevated induction of type-I interferons, indicative of a robust innate immune response. Furthermore, BA.1 was less sensitive to inhibition by the antiviral state elicited by type-I and type-III interferons, and this was recapitulated by pseudovirus bearing BA.1 and BA.2 Spike proteins. Conclusion(s): Our results suggest that the constellation of Spike mutations unique to Omicron allow for increased adherence to nasal epithelia, flexible usage of virus entry pathways, and interferon resistance. These findings inform our understanding of how Omicron evolved elevated transmissibility between humans despite a decreased propensity to infect the lower respiratory tract. Additionally, the interferon insensitivity of the Omicron Spike-mediated entry process may explain why Omicron lineages lost the capacity to antagonize interferon pathways compared to ancestral SARS-CoV-2.

4.
Frontiers in Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2109750

RESUMO

In the COVID-19 crisis, many economies suffered from sustainable energy production. The emergence of the COVID-19 crises, extreme volatility in oil prices, limited energy efficiency in energy systems, and weak form of financial stability were the key reasons for it. However, considering these issues, a recent study aims to analyze them. ASEAN countries' energy efficiency and crude oil price volatility are examined as a solution to how financial conditions might be utilized to handle energy efficiency issues and crude oil price volatility. Extending it, the study aims to identify the influence of financial stability on crude oil price volatility and energy efficiency issues. To do this, GMM is used. According to the study's findings, environmental mitigation was determined to be important at 18%, and financial stability and carbon risk significant at 21%. Global warming concerns have been raised due to the ASEAN nations' 19.5% link between financial stability and emissions drift. A country's financial stability is necessary for implementing green economic recovery strategies, among the most widely accepted measures to reduce energy efficiency and guarantee long-term financial potential on the national scale. The study on green economic growth also provides the associated stakeholders with sensible policy consequences on this importance.

5.
Public Health ; 211: 157-163, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1937097

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has brought great uncertainty to our society and it may have disrupted people's ontological security. Consequently, this hospital-based study concerns the impact of ontological insecurity on vaccination behavior against COVID-19. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted among hospital inpatients. METHODS: A questionnaire survey addressing inpatient ontological insecurity and vaccination behavior against COVID-19 was administered in Taizhou, China. A total of 1223 questionnaires were collected; specifically, 1185 of them were credible, for a validity rate of 96.9%. RESULTS: The score of ontological insecurity was 13.27 ± 7.84, which was higher in participants who did not recommend vaccination for others than those who did (12.95 ± 8.25 vs 14.00 ± 6.78, P = 0.022). There was no difference between the vaccinated and unvaccinated groups (13.22 ± 7.96 vs 13.35 ± 7.67, P = 0.779). Lower ontological insecurity (odds ratio [OR] = 1.40, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-1.81) and being inoculated with COVID-19 vaccines (OR = 2.17, 95% CI: 1.67-2.82) were significantly associated with recommendation of COVID-19 vaccines to others after adjusting for sex, age, education, and occupation. Associations between low ontological insecurity and recommendations for COVID-19 vaccines were observed in men, adults aged 18-59 years, non-farmers, and vaccine recipients. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the ontological insecurity of participants affects their behavior of recommending the COVID-19 vaccination to others rather than getting vaccinated themselves. This promotion of vaccination can be considered from the perspective of improving ontological security in China.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Vacinação
6.
Topics in Antiviral Medicine ; 30(1 SUPPL):7-8, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1880864

RESUMO

Background: SARS-CoV-2 infection in immunocompromised individuals has been associated with prolonged virus shedding and the development of novel viral variants. Rapamycin and rapamycin analogs (rapalogs, including everolimus, temsirolimus, and ridaforolimus) are FDA-approved for use as mTOR inhibitors in multiple clinical settings, including cancer and autoimmunity, but a common side effect of these drugs is immunosuppression and increased susceptibility to infection. Immune impairment caused by rapalog use is traditionally attributed to their impacts on T cell signaling and cytokine production. Methods: We used replication-competent SARS-CoV-2 and HIV pseudotyped with betacoronavirus Spike proteins to assess how rapalog pretreatment of cells ex vivo and rodent animals in vivo impacts susceptibility to Spike-mediated infection. Results: We show that exposure to rapalogs increases cellular susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection by antagonizing components of the constitutive and interferon-induced cell-intrinsic immune response. Pre-treatment of cells (including human lung epithelial cells and primary human small airway epithelial cells) with rapalogs promoted the early stages of SARS-CoV-2 infection by facilitating Spike-mediated virus entry. Rapalogs also boosted infection mediated by Spike from SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV in addition to hemagglutinin of influenza A virus and glycoprotein from vesicular stomatitis virus, suggesting that rapalogs downmodulate antiviral defenses that pose a common barrier to these viral fusion proteins. By identifying one rapalog (ridaforolimus) that lacks this function, we demonstrate that the extent to which rapalogs promote virus entry is linked to their capacity to trigger the lysosomal degradation of IFITM2 and IFITM3, intrinsic inhibitors of virus-cell membrane fusion. Mechanistically, rapalogs that promote virus entry inhibit the mTOR-mediated phosphorylation of TFEB, a transcription factor controlling lysosome biogenesis and lysosomal degradation pathways such as autophagy. In contrast, TFEB phosphorylation by mTOR was not inhibited by ridaforolimus. In the hamster model of SARS-CoV-2 infection, injection of rapamycin four hours prior to virus exposure resulted in elevated virus titers in lungs, accelerated weight loss, and decreased survival. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that preexisting use of certain rapalogs may elevate host susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection and disease by activating a lysosome-mediated suppression of intrinsic immunity.

7.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(1):7-11, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1789480

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the risk of public health emergencies, both the indigenous ones and the imported ones, which might occur in the mainland of China in January 2022.

8.
China CDC Weekly ; 2(6):83-86, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1445121
11.
26th China Conference on Information Retrieval, CCIR 2020 ; 12285 LNCS:137-148, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1016986

RESUMO

Financial markets are very sensitive to emerging news related to stock because investors need to continuously monitor financial events when deciding buying and selling stocks. Tracking important events has done mostly using rule-based methods in the past, which is time-consuming in the face of huge online news data. To track this issue, in this paper, a novel document embedding technology based on TF-IDF and BERT incorporating online text cluster algorithm to form an automated event detection system is proposed. Embedding technology is first used to encode text to vectors and then an online text cluster algorithm - SinglePass is implemented to accomplish topic tracking. Experiment results show that the proposed algorithms can effectively detect and track online topics. In addition, both domestic and international events such as the outbreak of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and Sino-U.S. trade war and their impact on capital market in China are analyzed, which demonstrate the practical and economic value of proposed system. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.

12.
TMR Integrative Medicine ; 4, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-819300

RESUMO

The Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), which broke out in Wuhan, China in December 2019, attracted worldwide attention. With a long incubation period and strong infectiousness, COVID-19 poses a great threat to the life and health worldwide with high incidence, high pathogenicity and low sensitivity to antibiotics. At present, there are less kinds of antiviral drugs, including rimantadine hydiochloride, acyclovir, interferon, zidovudine, ribavirin, etc., which maybe lead to severe adverse reactions of the nervous system, hematopoietic system, liver and kidney system, as well as side effects such as nausea, vomiting, upper abdominal discomfort and diarrhea. Meanwhile, the development of antiviral drugs requires huge investment and time, the development of effective antiviral drugs and vaccine lags far behind the rapidly developed disease. Traditional Chinese medicine has played an important role against the infection, especially in the fight against severe acute respiratory syndrome, H1N1 influenza, H7N9 flu virus, middle east respiratory syndrome and Ebola virus infection. In this paper, the classification, mechanism, existing problems and the prospect of traditional Chinese medicine in antiviral treatment has been summarized in order to provide certain reference for the research and prescription screening of traditional Chinese medicine anti-COVID-19 drugs.

14.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 588-597, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-595773

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can cause great damage to the elderly patients and lead to high mortality. The clinical presentations and auxiliary examinations of the elderly patients with COVID-19 are atypical, due to the physiological ageing deterioration and basal pathological state. The treatment strategy for the elderly patients has its own characteristics and treatment protocol should be considered accordingly. To improve the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of COVID-19 in the elderly, the Expert Committee of Geriatric Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, China Society of Geriatrics established the "Expert consensus for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 in the elderly" . We focused on the clinical characteristics and key points for better treatment and prevention of COVID-19 in the elderly. (1) For diagnosis, atypical clinical presentation of COVID-19 in the elderly should be emphasized, which may be complicated by underlying disease. (2) For treatment, strategy of multiple disciplinary team (mainly the respiratory and critical care medicine) should be adopted and multiple systemic functions should be considered. (3) For prevention, health care model about integrated management of acute and chronic diseases, in and out of hospital should be applied.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Idoso , China , Consenso , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
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