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Value in Health ; 26(6 Supplement):S119, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245292


Objectives: Malnutrition is a prevalent condition affecting 30-50% of hospitalized patients. Malnutrition is linked to impairments in health outcomes and increased economic burden on healthcare systems. We assessed the prevalence and burden of malnutrition by examining demographic characteristics, Disease Related Group (DRG) payments and associated claims among Medicare inpatients (65+ years) with and without COVID-19. Method(s): Hospital inpatient COVID-19 claims from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) between October 2020 - September 2021 were analyzed. The International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, and Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) were used for malnutrition diagnoses. Demographic variables were compared based on the COVID-19 status;economic burden was analyzed by DRG payment of malnutrition cases with and without COVID-19. Result(s): Among 7,394,657 Medicare inpatient claims, only 12% had a documented malnutrition diagnosis. Of these patients, 1.2% had COVID-19. Regardless of COVID-19 status, malnourished patients averaged 75 years of age, and were predominantly female (54%) and White (78%) followed by Black (14%), and Hispanic (2%). Sepsis, kidney failure, and urinary tract infection (UTI) were the most common primary diagnoses in malnourished patients, regardless of COVID-19 status. Malnourished patients with COVID-19 had significantly higher DRG payments ($27,407 vs. $18,327) and increased cost of outlier payment ($3,208 vs. $2,049) compared to those without COVID-19, regardless of other diagnoses. Conclusion(s): Malnutrition diagnosis was confirmed in only 12% of the Medicare inpatients, thus suggesting that malnutrition continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated - evidenced by high rates of hospitalizations/claims and payments in both COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 cases. It is imperative for hospitals to implement nutrition-focused protocols to identify, diagnose and address malnutrition among all Medicare inpatients regardless of COVID-19 status (and especially among patients with sepsis, kidney failure, and UTI). Nutrition-focused protocols can effectively improve patient health outcomes and reduce healthcare costs.Copyright © 2023