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International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning ; 17(21):275-295, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2201272

RESUMO

In the critical period of COVID-19 epidemic prevention, universities are required to stop all in-person classes. These issues have a huge impact on wireless network education. In additional, the traditional wireless network laboratory construction also has the problem of high hardware investment. To address these issues, we propose a novel wireless network online learning system (WNOLS) based on edge computing (EC). Firstly, we realize the simultaneous operation of multiple virtual network devices (VNDs) on the same physical device through EC and virtualization technology. Secondly, we design a unified experimental resource description method based on XML format, which is parsed by the parser and executed by the topology switcher to realize the rapid deployment of the experimental environment. An isolated design of in-band and out-of-band networks to avoid mutual interference between administrative and experimental data is proposed. Furthermore, we present a blended learn-ing mode integrating online learning and project-based learning in the field of wireless network teaching. The practice results show that the WNOLS effectively alleviates the impact of the epidemic on the offline classes and improves the learning efficiency of learners. Besides, compared with the traditional approach, it reduces the total fixed investment cost by 30.25%.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(11): 4082-4091, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1904135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on weight gain in children and adolescents remains unknown. We aimed to identify an estimated 15-year trend in mean body mass index (BMI) changes and prevalence of obesity and overweight among Korean adolescents from 2005 to 2020, including the period of the COVID-19 pandemic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data taken from a nationwide survey (Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey), between 2005 and 2020. Representative samples of one million Korean adolescents aged 13-18 years (n=1,057,885) were examined. The 15-year trends in mean BMI and proportion of obesity or overweight, and the changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic were analyzed. RESULTS: The data of 1,057,885 Korean adolescents were analyzed (mean age: 14.98 years; females, 48.4%). The estimated weighted mean BMI was 20.5 kg/m2 [95% confidence interval (CI), 20.4-20.5] from 2005 to 2008 and 21.5 kg/m2 (95% CI, 21.4-21.6) in 2020 (during the COVID-19 pandemic). Although the 15-year trend of mean BMI gradually increased, the change in mean BMI before and during the pandemic significantly lessened (ßdiff, -0.027; 95% CI, -0.028 to -0.026). The 15-year (2005-2020) trend changes in the prevalence of obesity and overweight were similar (obesity prevalence from 2005-2008, 3.2%; 95% CI, 3.1-3.3 vs. obesity prevalence in 2020, 8.6%; 95% CI, 8.2-9.0; ßdiff, -0.309; 95% CI, -0.330 to -0.288). CONCLUSIONS: The 15-year trend of overall mean BMI and obesity and overweight prevalence demonstrated a significant increase; however, its slope decreased during the pandemic. These landmark results suggest the need for the development of precise strategies to prevent pediatric obesity and overweight during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(10): 3760-3770, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1876425

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aims to assess the susceptibility to and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 in autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic disease (AIRD) and following AIRD drug use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included observational and case-controlled studies assessing susceptibility and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 in patients with AIRD as well as the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 with or without use of steroids and conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs). RESULTS: Meta-analysis including three studies showed that patients with AIRD are not more susceptible to COVID-19 compared to patients without AIRD or the general population (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 0.58 to 2.14). Incidence of severe outcomes of COVID-19 (OR: 1.34, 95% CI: 0.76 to 2.35) and COVID-19 related death (OR: 1.21, 95% CI: 0.68 to 2.16) also did not show significant difference. The clinical outcomes of COVID-19 among AIRD patients with and without csDMARD or steroid showed that both use of steroid (OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 0.96 to 2.98) or csDMARD (OR: 1.35, 95% CI: 0.63 to 3.08) had no effect on clinical outcomes of COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: AIRD does not increase susceptibility to COVID-19, not affecting the clinical outcome of COVID-19. Similarly, the use of steroids or csDMARDs for AIRD does not worsen the clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Doenças Autoimunes , Tratamento Farmacológico da COVID-19 , Doenças Reumáticas , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Incidência , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia
5.
Retina-the Journal of Retinal and Vitreous Diseases ; 42(1):46-54, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1576103

RESUMO

Purpose: To demonstrate the effects of epiretinal membrane (ERM) and epiretinal proliferation on surgical outcomes for full-thickness macular hole. Methods: Nested case-control study with propensity score matching. Patients operated on for full-thickness macular hole between January 2011 and March 2020 were enrolled. The primary outcome was failure of the macular hole closure, and the secondary outcome was unfavorable hole closure (V or l type closure) at 6 months after the surgery. Results: Five hundred and thirty-four eyes of 534 patients met the inclusion criteria. After 1:1 propensity score matching (127 pairs), patients demonstrating ERM were more likely to have a failure of hole closure (adjusted odds ratio, 2.71;95% confidence interval, 1.19-6.14) and unfavorable hole closure (adjusted odds ratio, 2.07;95% confidence interval, 1.16-3.71). Epiretinal membrane spanning the hole margin (hole marginal ERM) greatly increased the likelihood of unfavorable hole closure (adjusted odds ratio, 2.13;95% confidence interval, 1.12-4.07). Patients with hole marginal-ERM + epiretinal proliferation were more likely to have a failure of hole closure (38.4%) compared with those with no ERM (11.8%). Conclusion: Patients with ERM had a higher risk for adverse surgical outcomes for full-thickness macular hole closure. The location of the ERM relative to the macular hole and the presence of epiretinal proliferation might affect the surgical outcomes for full-thickness macular hole closure.

7.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E014, 2020 Feb 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-912

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infected patients by binding human ACE2, leading to severe pneumonia and highly mortality rate in patients. At present, there is no definite and effective treatment for COVID-19. ACE2 plays an important role in the RAS, and the imbalance between ACE/Ang II/AT1R pathway and ACE2/Ang (1-7)/Mas receptor pathway in the RAS system will lead to multi-system inflammation. Increased ACE and Ang II are poor prognostic factors for severe pneumonia. Animal studies have shown that RAS inhibitors could effectively relieve symptoms of acute severe pneumonia and respiratory failure. The binding of COVID-19 and ACE2 resulted in the exhaustion of ACE2, and then ACE2/Ang (1-7)/Mas receptor pathway was inhibited. The balance of the RAS system was broken, and this would lead to the exacerbation of acute severe pneumonia. Therefore, we speculate that ACEI and AT1R inhibitors could be used in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia under the condition of controlling blood pressure, and might reduce the pulmonary inflammatory response and mortality.

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