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1.
Blood Press ; 32(1): 2161998, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694963

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the subsequent lockdown profoundly affected almost all aspects of daily life including health services worldwide. The established risk factors for increased blood pressure (BP) and hypertension may also demonstrate significant changes during the pandemic. This study aims to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on BP control and BP phenotypes as assessed with 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multi-centre, observational, retrospective and comparative study involving Excellence Centres of the European Society of Hypertension across Europe. Along with clinical data and office BP, ABPM recordings will be collected in adult patients with treated arterial hypertension. There will be two groups in the study: Group 1 will consist of participants who have undergone two ABPM recordings - the second one occurring during the COVID-19 pandemic, i.e. after March 2020, and the first one 9-15 months prior to the second. Participants in Group 2 will have two repeated ABPM recordings - both performed before the pandemic within a similar 9-15 month interval between the recordings. Within each group, we will analyse and compare BP variables and phenotypes (including averaged daytime and night-time BP, BP variability, dipper and non-dipper status, white-coat and masked hypertension) between the two respective ABPM recordings and compare these changes between the two groups. The target sample size will amount to least 590 participants in each of the study groups, which means a total of at least 2360 ABPM recordings overall. EXPECTED OUTCOMES: As a result, we expect to identify the impact of a COVID-19 pandemic on blood pressure control and the quality of medical care in order to develop the strategy to control cardiovascular risk factors during unpredictable global events.


What is the context?A wide range of daily activities, including health care worldwide, were deeply affected by the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and the subsequent lockdown.What is new?Our multicenter study will examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients across Europe by analysing results of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.What is the impact?Optimising strategies for dealing with future unpredictable global situations will depend on understanding how the pandemic affected blood pressure control.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hipertensão , Humanos , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia
3.
Pediatr Nephrol ; 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36692729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of hypertension and hypertension-induced target organ injury by the 2022 American Heart Association (AHA) ambulatory blood pressure threshold as compared with 2014 AHA and 2016 European Society of Hypertension (ESH) thresholds has not been evaluated. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study (n = 291, aged 5-18 years, at a tertiary care outpatient clinic), we compared 2022 AHA with 2014 AHA and ESH thresholds (revised with 2018 adult ESH thresholds where applicable) to diagnose ambulatory hypertension (AH), and detect ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and left ventricular target organ injury (LVTOI). RESULTS: The 2022 AHA threshold diagnosed significantly more AH (53%) than the 2014 AHA (42%, p < 0.01) and ESH (36%, p < 0.001) thresholds. The 2022 AHA threshold demonstrated only a moderate agreement with the 2014 AHA (kappa (k) = 0.77) and ESH (k = 0.66) thresholds to diagnose AH. Adjusted logistic regression analysis found that only the 2022 AHA threshold predicted elevated AASI significantly (odds ratio 2.40, 95% CI 1.09, 5.25, p = 0.02; AUC 0.61, p < 0.01). In those with elevated AASI, more participants had AH by the 2022 AHA threshold (72%) than the 2014 AHA (46%, p = 0.02) and ESH (48%, p = 0.03) thresholds. AH defined by the 2022 AHA threshold continued to maintain higher odds, larger AUC, and higher sensitivity to identify LVTOI than the 2014 AHA and ESH thresholds; however, the difference did not reach a statistically significant level. CONCLUSIONS: AH defined by the 2022 AHA threshold diagnoses more children with hypertension and identifies more children with hypertension-induced target organ injury than the 2014 AHA and ESH thresholds. A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.

5.
J Pers Med ; 13(1)2022 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675670

RESUMO

Preventing, diagnosing, and controlling high blood pressure is a global health priority. The self-measurement of blood pressure is therefore fundamental and should be done with devices validated by recognized protocols, although most are not. The most widely used and current protocols are the 2010 European Society of Hypertension (ESH) revision and the 2018 Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)/ ESH/ the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) universal standard, respectively. The aim of this study was to find out which blood pressure measuring devices have been adequately validated by the above protocols. A narrative review of blood pressure device validations was conducted by searching the PubMed database. From 52 records identified, 37 studies were included. Most validations follow the 2010 revision and only six follow the 2018 protocol, which is more demanding. Almost all validated sphygmomanometers are automated oscillometric sphygmomanometers in the general population. Wrist devices and devices combining new technologies are also validated, as well as in specific populations, such as the obese, pregnant women, or children. There is sufficient evidence to confirm that the universal AAMI/ ESH/ISO standard is considered the protocol of the century. However, it is necessary to increase the number of validations following it and, above all, validations of the new technologies that are invading the current market.

6.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675508

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by the new onset of hypertension (HT) and proteinuria beyond the 20th week of gestation. We aimed to find the best predictor of PE and find out if it is different in women with or without HT. Consecutively attended pregnant women were recruited in the first trimester of pregnancy and followed-up. Laboratory and office and 24 h-ambulatory blood pressure (BP) data were collected. PE occurred in 6.25% of normotensives (n = 124). Both office mean BP and 24 h-systolic BP in the first trimester were higher in women with versus those without PE (p ≤ 0.001). In women with chronic hypertension (cHT), PE occurred in 55%; office SBP (p = 0.769) and 24 h-SBP (p = 0.589) were similar between those with and those without PE. Regarding biochemistry, in cHT, plasma urea and creatinine were higher in PE women than in those without cHT (p = 0.001 and p = 0.004 for the differences in both parameters). These differences were not observed in normotensives. In normotensives, mean BP was the best predictor of PE [ROC curve = 0.91 (95%CI 0.82-0.99)], best cut-off = 80.3 mmHg. In cHT, plasma urea and creatinine were the best predictors of PE, with ROC curves of 0.94 (95%CI 0.84-1.00) and 0.93 (95%CI 0.83-1.00), respectively. In the first trimester of pregnancy, the strongest predictor of PE in normotensive women is office mean BP, while in cHT, renal parameters are the strongest predictors. Otherwise, office BP is non-inferior to 24 h ambulatory BP to predict PE.

7.
J Gen Intern Med ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends measuring blood pressure (BP) outside of clinic/office settings. While various options are available, including home devices, BP kiosks, and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), understanding patient acceptability and adherence is a critical factor for implementation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the acceptability and adherence of clinic, home, kiosk, and ABPM measurement. DESIGN: Comparative diagnostic accuracy study which randomized adults to one of three BP measurement arms: clinic, home, and kiosk. ABPM was conducted on all participants. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (18-85 years) receiving care at 12 Kaiser Permanente Washington primary care clinics (Washington State, USA) with a high BP (≥ 138 mmHg systolic or ≥ 88 mmHg diastolic) in the electronic health record with no hypertension diagnosis and on no hypertensive medications and with high BP at a research screening visit. MEASURES: Patient acceptability was measured using a validated survey which was used to calculate an overall acceptability score (range 1-7) at baseline, after completing their assigned BP measurement intervention, and after completing ABPM. Adherence was defined based on the pre-specified number of BP measurements completed. KEY RESULTS: Five hundred ten participants were randomized (mean age 59 years), with mean BP of 150/88. Overall acceptability score was highest (i.e. most acceptable) for Home BP (mean 6.2, SD 0.7) and lowest (least acceptable) for ABPM (mean 5.0, SD 1.0); scores were intermediate for Clinic (5.5, SD 1.1) and Kiosk (5.4, SD 1.0). Adherence was higher for Home (154/170, 90.6%) and Clinic (150/172, 87.2%) than for Kiosk (114/168, 67.9%)). The majority of participants (467/510, 91.6%) were adherent to ABPM. CONCLUSIONS: Participants found home BP measurement most acceptable followed by clinic, BP kiosks, and ABPM. Our findings, coupled with recent evidence regarding the accuracy of home BP measurement, further support the routine use of home-based BP measurement in primary care practice in the US. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03130257 https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03130257.

8.
Clin Hypertens ; 29(1): 2, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641498

RESUMO

The definition of resistant hypertension (RHT) has been updated to include failure to achieve target blood pressure (BP) despite treatment with ≥3 antihypertensive drugs, including diuretics, renin-angiotensin system blockers, and calcium channel blockers, prescribed at the maximum or maximally tolerated doses, or as success in achieving the target blood pressure but requiring ≥4 drugs. RHT is a major clinical problem, as it is associated with higher mortality and morbidity than non-RHT. Therefore, it is crucial to accurately identify RHT patients to effectively manage their disease. Out-of-clinic BP measurement, including home BP monitoring and ambulatory BP monitoring is gaining prominence for the diagnosis and management of RHT. Home BP monitoring is advantageous as it is feasibly repetitive, inexpensive, widely available, and because of its reproducibility over long periods. In addition, home BP monitoring has crucial advantage of allowing safe titration for the maximum or maximally tolerable dose, and for self-monitoring, thereby improving clinical inertia and nonadherence, and allowing true RHT to be more accurately identified.

9.
Blood Press ; 32(1): 2165901, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637453

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Discrepancies exist between guideline recommendations and real-world practice of blood pressure (BP) measurements. The aim of this study was to assess, with a nationwide, questionnaire-based survey, the current practice of BP measurement and associated BP values in German medical practices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nationwide survey in German medical practices was performed in the period from 10 May 2021 to 15 August 2021. The questionnaire was divided into five sections. The current office BP (OBP) values as well as the current drug therapy were recorded. In addition, the implementation of office BP (OBP) and home BP monitoring (HBPM) was queried. For analysis, questionnaires were scanned and automatically digitised. RESULTS: A total of 7049 questionnaires were analysed, the majority of which came from general practitioners (66%) and internal medicine practices (34%). The average OBP (SD) was 140.0 (18)/82.7 (11) mmHg. 40.8% of treated patients had OBP in the controlled range, with monotherapy (34.7%) or dual combination therapy (38.2%) prescribed in most cases. OBP was taken from a single measurement in 66.3% of cases, and in 21.8% from 23 measurements. OBP was mostly measured after a rest period (87.1%) and in a separate room (80.4%). HBPM was performed in 62.3% of patients; however, in 24.9% of the participants HBP measurements were recorded once a week or less. CONCLUSION: In this nationwide survey in German medical practices, BP control remains at below 50%, while monotherapy is prescribed in around one third of patients. Moreover, office measurements and HBPM are often not performed according to current guideline recommendations.


What is the context?Elevated blood pressure (hypertension) is an important risk factor for diseases such as stroke or heart attack. However, sufficient drug therapy can significantly reduce the risk of complications such as a stroke. An adequate blood pressure measurement is the basis for diagnostics and successful therapy. In order to measure blood pressure as accurately as possible, recommendations for performing blood pressure measurements (at home as well as in the office) have been published by medical societies.Research suggests that blood pressure is not always measured according to these recommendations. However, there are no current studies for Germany.What is new?In this study, we analysed the results of a survey in which medical practices and pharmacies throughout Germany were asked about blood pressure measurement and blood pressure therapy. The key results of our study suggest that:• The blood pressure of many participants with known hypertension is not within the desired target range.• Office blood pressure measurements are often not performed as suggested by guidelines. This mainly affects time-consuming work steps such as repeating the measurement several times.• Home blood pressure is not recorded in a structured form, as suggested, but rather according to a random pattern by the patient. What is important?This study suggests that blood pressure control is not sufficient in the study participants. Furthermore, blood pressure measurement as an important tool for hypertension management is frequently not performed as proposed by guidelines.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Alemanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
J Clin Med ; 12(1)2022 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614968

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and primary glomerular disease (PGD) are the main causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This study was conducted to compare the characteristics of ambulatory blood-pressure monitoring (ABPM) and its relationship with target-organ damage (TOD) in patients with DKD and PGD matched by propensity score. The assessment of TOD included macroalbuminuria, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and macrovascular disease. Propensity-score weighting (PSW) was used in stratified analysis. Results: Patients with DKD had a higher prevalence of abnormal blood-pressure patterns such as reversed dipper pattern, nocturnal hypertension, and sustained hypertension and had a higher prevalence of TOD than did patients with PGD. Logistic regression indicated that patients with DKD were more related to TOD than to PGD. The stratified analysis indicated that DKD patients with white-coat hypertension, masked hypertension and sustained hypertension had closer relationships with TOD compared with PGD patients. Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetic kidney disease had more abnormal blood-pressure patterns and were more closely related to target organ damage than were patients with primary glomerular disease.

11.
Hypertens Res ; 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604475

RESUMO

The diagnosis and management of hypertension has been based on the measurement of blood pressure (BP) in the office setting. However, data have demonstrated that BP may substantially differ when measured in the office than when measured outside the office setting. Higher out-of-office BP is associated with increased cardiovascular risk independent of office BP. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) and home BP monitoring (HBPM) are validated approaches for out-of-office BP measurement. In the 2015 and 2021 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) reports on screening for hypertension, ABPM was recommended as the reference standard for out-of-office BP monitoring and for confirming an initial diagnosis of hypertension. This recommendation was based on data from more published studies of ABPM vs. HBPM on the predictive value of out-of-office BP independent of office BP. Therefore, HBPM was recommended as an alternative approach when ABPM was not available or well tolerated. The 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) BP guideline recommended ABPM as the preferred initial approach for detecting white-coat hypertension and masked hypertension among adults not taking antihypertensive medication. In contrast, HBPM was recommended as the preferred initial approach for detecting the white-coat effect and masked uncontrolled hypertension among adults taking antihypertensive medication. The current review provides an overview of ABPM and HBPM in the US, including best practices, BP thresholds that should be used for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, barriers to widespread use of such monitoring, US guideline recommendations for ABPM and HBPM, and data supporting HBPM over ABPM.

12.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602447

RESUMO

Hypertension is a global public health problem which affects the physical and mental health of individuals. The management of hypertension is a long-term process that requires the cooperation of both doctors and patients, and the blood pressure variability is closely related to the clinical prognosis. In recent years, the development of telemedicine has promoted better blood pressure monitoring and management for patients, as well as better medical intervention and health education for patients by medical staff. This article provides a review of remote blood pressure monitoring and management.

13.
JMIR Hum Factors ; 10: e36072, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trust is of fundamental importance to the adoption of technologies in health care. The increasing use of telemedicine worldwide makes it important to consider user views and experiences. In particular, we ask how the mediation of a technological platform alters the trust relationship between patient and health care provider. OBJECTIVE: To date, few qualitative studies have focused on trust in the use of remote health care technologies. This study examined the perspectives of patients and clinical staff who participated in a remote blood pressure monitoring program, focusing on their experiences of trust and uncertainty in the use of technology and how this telehealth intervention may have affected the patient-provider relationship. METHODS: A secondary qualitative analysis using inductive thematic analysis was conducted on interview data from 13 patients and 8 staff members who participated in a remote blood pressure monitoring program to elicit themes related to trust. RESULTS: In total, 4 themes were elicited that showed increased trust (patients felt reassured, patients trusted the telehealth program, staff felt that the data were trustworthy, and a better patient-provider partnership based on the mutually trusted data), and 4 themes were elicited that reflected decreased trust (patients' distrust of technology, clinicians' concerns about the limitations of technologically mediated interactions, experiences of uncertainty, and institutional risk). CONCLUSIONS: Managing trust relationships plays an important role in the successful implementation of telemedicine. Ensuring that trust building is incorporated in the design of telehealth interventions can contribute to improved effectiveness and quality of care.

14.
Crit Care Explor ; 4(12): e0814, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36567784

RESUMO

High-frequency data streams of vital signs may be used to generate individualized hemodynamic targets for critically ill patients. Central to this precision medicine approach to resuscitation is our ability to screen these data streams for errors and artifacts. However, there is no consensus on the best method for data cleaning. Our goal was to determine whether an error-checking algorithm developed for intraoperative use could be applied to high volumes of arterial line data in an ICU population. DESIGN: Multicenter observational study. SETTING: ICUs across Ontario, Canada. PATIENTS: Nested cohort of ICU patients with shock and/or respiratory failure requiring invasive mechanical ventilation. INTERVENTIONS: High-frequency blood pressure data was analyzed. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure minute averages were calculated. For manual analysis, a trained researcher retrospectively reviewed mean arterial pressure data, removing values that were deemed nonphysiological. The algorithm was implemented and identified artifactual data. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Arterial line data was extracted from 15 patients. A trained researcher manually reviewed 40,798 minute-by-minute data points, then subsequently analyzed them with the algorithm. Manual review resulted in the identification of 119 artifacts (0.29%). The optimized algorithm identified 116 (97%) of these artifacts. Five hundred thirty-seven data points were erroneously removed or modified. Compared with manual review, the modified algorithm incorporating absolute thresholds of greater than 30 and less than 200 mm Hg had 97.5% sensitivity, 98.7% specificity, and a Matthew correlation coefficient of 0.41. CONCLUSIONS: The error-checking algorithm had high sensitivity and specificity in detecting arterial line blood pressure artifacts compared with manual data cleaning. Given the growing use of large datasets and machine learning in critical care research, methods to validate the quality of high-frequency data is important to optimize algorithm performance and prevent spurious associations based on artifactual data.

15.
Ann Indian Acad Neurol ; 25(5): 902-908, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36561008

RESUMO

Background: Uncertainty prevails regarding the patterns of autonomic dysfunction in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). This study was undertaken with the aim of assessing the complete spectrum of cardiovascular autonomic function tests (CAFTs) and blood pressure variability patterns in IPD patients while comparing the same with age-matched controls. Methods: Patients with IPD presenting to the Christian Medical College and Hospital from December 2016 to November 2018 along with age-matched controls were prospectively evaluated using CAFTs. The IPD patients also underwent ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM), and the diurnal systolic BP differences were used to classify into dippers (10-20%), non-dippers (0-10%), reverse dippers (<0%), and extreme dippers (>20%). Results: Autonomic dysfunction (AD) was prevalent in 41 (68.3%) IPD patients even in early disease (median (inter-quartile range) symptom duration 2 (1-4) years, mean Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) stage 2 (1.5-2.8). Both sympathetic and parasympathetic parameters were impaired among IPD patients when compared to healthy controls. (E: I ratio 1.17 ± 0.12 vs 1.26 ± 0.14 (P < 0.001), Valsalva ratio (VR) 1.33 ± 0.27 vs 1.55 ± 0.25 (P < 0.001), PRT100 9.6 ± 8.0 vs 3.1 ± 1.8 (P < 0.001), tilt-up SBPAvg change 8.8 (4.2-13.8) vs 1.8 (-2.9-6.1) (P < 0.001), tilt-up HRAvg change 4.8 (2.2-8.2) vs 1.9 (-0.7-5.1) (P < 0.001). BP variability was demonstrated in 47 (79.7%) of IPD patients, with reverse dipping pattern in 28 (47.5%) seen more frequently in this cohort. Conclusions: Timely detection of AD may be helpful not only in recognizing IPD in its pre-motor stages but also in optimizing management for this population of patients. BP variability and abnormal dipping patterns on ABPM can be a potential marker of dysautonomia.

16.
Nefrologia (Engl Ed) ; 2022 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564229

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Resistant hypertension (RH) represents an important multi-organic impact and increases the morbi-mortality. We aimed to evaluate the evolution of hypertensive mediated organ damage in patients with RH after adding spironolactone. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 58 patients with RH who started spironolactone (12.5-25mg daily). Office blood pressure, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24h-ABPM), urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio and echocardiographic parameters were analyzed prior to initiation of spironolactone and after 12 months of treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-six percent of patients were women and mean age was 67.3±10.1 years. We observed a decrease in urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (median [RIQ25-75]) of 27.0 (7.5-255.4) to 11.3 (3.1-37.8)mg/g, p=0.009. This was more relevant in patients with albuminuria grade A2 and A3: 371.2 (139.5-797.4) to 68.4 (26.5-186.5)mg/g, p=0.02. The echocardiographic changes were: posterior wall thickness: -1.0±0.4mm (p<0.001), interventricular septal thickness: -0.6±0.5mm (p=0.01), left ventricular (LV) mass index: -14.7±10.2g/m2 (p=0.006), LV remodeling index: -0.04±0.036 (p=0.03), without statistically significant changes in LV ejection fraction, LV end-diastolic diameter, LV end-systolic diameter, left atrial diameter, relationship between early ventricular filling wave and atrial contraction and LV filling pressure index. Systolic/diastolic office blood pressure decreased -12.5±4.9/-4.9±3.0mmHg, p<0.001. In 24h-ABPM, systolic and diastolic BP had a significant decrease in diurnal and nocturnal periods and 38.1% of patients presented a favorable change in the circadian pattern, p<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Adding spironolactone to patients with RH contributes to improve hypertensive mediated organ damage by reducing albuminuria levels and echocardiographic parameters of hypertensive heart disease.

17.
Biomedicines ; 10(12)2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36551831

RESUMO

In recent years, research has emphasized the significance of mild clinical and biochemical presentations of primary aldosteronism (PA) that do not meet current diagnostic criteria of the syndrome. In this study, we assessed the prevalence of autonomous aldosterone (Ald) secretion (AAS), defined as a positive (>1.2 ng/dL/mIU/L) Ald-to-renin ratio (ADRR) combined with unsuppressed Ald (>4 ng/dL), and its associations with blood pressure (BP), cardiac function, and common carotid artery (CCA) intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with incidentally discovered adrenal adenomas (AI), who were either normo- or hypertensive but had no other cardiovascular disease. Among 332 AI patients hospitalized between November 2018 and December 2019, 63 study participants were recruited (26 normo- and 37 hypertensive), who underwent hormonal examinations, 24 h ambulatory BP measurement, transthoracic echocardiography, and CCA IMT assessment without altering chronic medications. AAS was found in approximately 25% of subjects (seven normo- and nine hypertensive); urinary aldosterone excretion (UAldE) exceeded 10 ug/day in none of the subjects. The left ventricular mass index correlated positively with UAldE in non-diabetic patients (n = 50), and negatively with renin in those without beta blocker therapy (n = 38). The study shows that a pragmatic approach to hormonal assessment (no chronic therapy modification) may reveal patients with AAS. Screening for this subclinical PA presentation is probably more effective with a permissive ADRR than UAldE in such a setting.

18.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(12)2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556993

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The objective of this study is to examine the effect of the BNT162b2 vaccine on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and pulse pressure (PP) before and 15 min after two doses that were given 21 days apart. Materials and Methods: This active surveillance study of vaccine safety was conducted on 15 and 16 March (for the first dose) and 5 and 6 April (for the second dose) 2021 in an academic hospital. For both doses, SBP, DBP, MAP, and PP levels were measured before and 15 min after both doses were given to healthcare workers over the age of 18. The results of the study were based on measurements of the mean blood pressure (BP), the mean changes in BP, and the BP trends. Results: In total, 287 individuals received the vaccine. After the first dose, 25% (n = 72) of individuals had a decrease in DBP of at least 10 mmHg (mean DBP decrease: 15 mmHg, 95% CI: 14-17 mmHg), and after the second dose it was 12.5% (mean DBP decrease: 13 mmHg, 95% CI: 12-15 mmHg). After the first dose, 28.6% (n = 82) had a PP that was wider than 40 mmHg. After the first dose, 5.2% and 4.9% of the individuals experienced an increase or decrease in SBP, respectively, of more than 20 mmHg. After the second dose, the SBP of 11% (n = 32) decreased by at least 20 mmHg. Conclusions: Improved understanding of vaccine effects on BP may help address vaccine hesitancy in healthcare workers.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Vacina BNT162 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Hipertensão , Vacinação
19.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 20(1): 175, 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) varies in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), depending on the degree of insulin resistance and is also influenced by obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical features, blood pressure (BP) profiles and inflammatory markers, to identify patients with an elevated risk of developing HDP. METHODS: A total of 146 normotensive pregnant women were studied. We analysed the relationships of BP profiles detected by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) with serum biomarkers and angiogenic factors and their association with the development of HDP. RESULTS: Fourteen (9.6%) women developed HDP, of which 11 had GDM and 8 had obesity. Women with HDP had higher values of 24-h and daytime systolic/diastolic BP (113/69 vs. 104/64; 115/72 vs. 106/66 mmHg, respectively; p <  0.05). Higher levels of leptin (10.97 ± 0.82 vs. 10.2 ± 1.11; p = 0.018) andmonocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) (5.24 ± 0.60 vs. 4.9 ± 0.55; p = 0.044) and a higher soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1/placental growth factor (sFlt-1/PlGF) ratio (4.37 ± 2.2 vs. 2.2 ± 1.43; p = 0.003) were also observed in the HDP patients. Multivariate analysis showed that a higher sFlt-1/PlGF ratio was associated with an increased risk of developing HDP [OR = 2.02; IC 95%: 1.35-3.05]. Furthermore, higher daytime systolic BP [OR = 1.27; IC 95% 1.00-1.26] and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) [OR = 1.14; IC 95%: 1.01-1.30] significantly increased the risk of developing HDP. CONCLUSIONS: Higher daytime systolic BP values, prepregnancy BMI and the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio are useful for identifying normotensive pregnant women with an increased risk of developing HDP.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Masculino , Pressão Sanguínea , Gestantes , Índice de Massa Corporal , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Fator de Crescimento Placentário , Biomarcadores , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
20.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 25(1): 22-29, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545753

RESUMO

A relevant number of patients with resistant hypertension do not achieve blood pressure (BP) dipping during nighttime. This inadequate nocturnal BP reduction is associated with elevated cardiovascular risks. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a nighttime intensification of BAT might improve nocturnal BP dipping. In this prospective observational study, non-dippers treated with BAT for at least 6 months were included. BAT programming was modified in a two-step intensification of nighttime stimulation at baseline and week 6. Twenty-four hours ambulatory BP (ABP) was measured at inclusion and after 3 months. A number of 24 patients with non- or inverted dipping pattern, treated with BAT for a median of 44 months (IQR 25-52) were included. At baseline of the study, patients were 66 ± 9 years old, had a BMI of 33 ± 6 kg/m2 , showed an office BP of 135 ± 22/72 ± 10 mmHg, and took a median number of antihypertensives of 6 (IQR 4-9). Nighttime stimulation of BAT was adapted by an intensification of pulse width from 237 ± 161 to 267 ± 170 µs (p = .003) while frequency (p = .10) and amplitude (p = .95) remained unchanged. Uptitration of BAT programming resulted in an increase of systolic dipping from 2 ± 6 to 6 ± 8% (p = .03) accompanied with a significant improvement of dipping pattern (p = .02). Twenty four hours ABP, day- and nighttime ABP remained unchanged. Programming of an intensified nighttime BAT interval improved dipping profile in patients treated with BAT, while the overall 24 h ABP did not change. Whether the improved dipping response contributes to a reduction of cardiovascular risk beyond the BP-lowering effects of BAT, however, remains to be shown.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Hipertensão/complicações , Barorreflexo/fisiologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia
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