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1.
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice Conference: 21st Symposium of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners, ISOPP ; 29(2 Supplement), 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245493

RESUMO

The proceedings contain 109 papers. The topics discussed include: dose intensity of palbociclib and initial body weight dosage: implications on progression free survival in 220 patients with ER+/HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer;characteristics of Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir (Paxlovid) recipients and clinical interventions by oncology pharmacists at a tertiary outpatient cancer center;safe handling of non-carcinogenic drugs in the Ghent University Hospital: development, implementation and communication of hospital-specific guidelines;case series: use of olaparib in uncommon locations in patients with impaired homologous recombination;real-world data evaluation of medicines used in special situations in oncohematology: a retrospective study from a comprehensive cancer institution;Dostarlimab in the treatment of recurrent endometrial cancer: real life experience;medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws and CDK4/6 inhibitors in breast cancer;and efficacy and safety outcomes of generic imatinib in adults with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) following the switch from branded imatinib.

2.
Front Genet ; 13: 1034567, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20242831

RESUMO

Background: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the main component of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and advanced ccRCC frequently indicates a poor prognosis. The significance of the CCCH-type zinc finger (CTZF) gene in cancer has been increasingly demonstrated during the past few years. According to studies, targeted radical therapy for cancer treatment may be a revolutionary therapeutic approach. Both lncRNAs and CCCH-type zinc finger genes are essential in ccRCC. However, the predictive role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) associated with the CCCH-type zinc finger gene in ccRCC needs further elucidation. This study aims to predict patient prognosis and investigate the immunological profile of ccRCC patients using CCCH-type zinc finger-associated lncRNAs (CTZFLs). Methods: From the Cancer Genome Atlas database, RNA-seq and corresponding clinical and prognostic data of ccRCC patients were downloaded. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were conducted to acquire CTZFLs for constructing prediction models. The risk model was verified using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the overall survival (OS) of high-risk and low-risk groups. Multivariate Cox and stratified analyses were used to assess the prognostic value of the predictive feature in the entire cohort and different subgroups. In addition, the relationship between risk scores, immunological status, and treatment response was studied. Results: We constructed a signature consisting of eight CTZFLs (LINC02100, AC002451.1, DBH-AS1, AC105105.3, AL357140.2, LINC00460, DLGAP1-AS2, AL162377.1). The results demonstrated that the prognosis of ccRCC patients was independently predicted by CTZFLs signature and that the prognosis of high-risk groups was poorer than that of the lower group. CTZFLs markers had the highest diagnostic adequacy compared to single clinicopathologic factors, and their AUC (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve) was 0.806. The overall survival of high-risk groups was shorter than that of low-risk groups when patients were divided into groups based on several clinicopathologic factors. There were substantial differences in immunological function, immune cell score, and immune checkpoint expression between high- and low-risk groups. Additionally, Four agents, including ABT737, WIKI4, afuresertib, and GNE 317, were more sensitive in the high-risk group. Conclusion: The Eight-CTZFLs prognostic signature may be a helpful prognostic indicator and may help with medication selection for clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1128-2023, 2023.
Artigo em Português | WHO COVID, LILACS (Américas) | ID: covidwho-20240781

RESUMO

Objetivo: Examinar e mapear as evidências científicas sobre a eficácia do uso de ivermectina e atazanavir no tratamento de COVID-19. Metodologia: Scoping Review, baseado nos procedimentos recomendados pelo Instituto Joanna Briggs. Estabeleceu-se a pergunta norteadora: "Quais são as evidências científicas sobre o uso de ivermectina e atazanavir no tratamento de pacientes com sintomas leves de COVID-19?". Foram realizadas buscas em seis bases de dados nacionais e internacionais, sobre trabalhos publicados até dezembro de 2022. Dos 357 estudos encontrados, 22 foram selecionados para leitura na íntegra, resultando em uma amostra final de 11 estudos analisados. Resultados: As 11 publicações analisadas foram publicadas de 2020 a 2022 durante período pandêmico, de âmbito nacional e internacional com delineamento de estudos experimentais, do tipo ensaio clínico com randomização. Apenas 03 estudos (25%) testaram o atazanavir como intervenção conjugada a outras drogas, não evidenciando melhorias significativas em relação ao seu uso. Já no tratamento com Ivermectina, dos oito (75%) estudos que a testaram, apenas três (37,5%) recomendaram seu uso e cinco (62,5%) não suportam seu uso para tratamento de COVID-19 leve. O tempo de resolução dos sintomas variou de 8 a 10 dias nos braços tratados com ivermectina e em média 07 dias no tratamento com atazanavir. Não se detectou eventos adversos graves relacionados ao uso das duas drogas. Conclusão: As evidências que recomendavam o uso de ivermectina datam do início do período pandêmico, 2020, mas posteriormente, com a realização de ensaios clínicos robustos e controlados, novas evidências não suportam o uso de ivermectina e atazanavir no tratamento de COVID-19 leve mostrando que não houve diferença no tempo de resolução dos sintomas, na taxa de mortalidade, taxa de internação na UTI e tempo de hospitalização.


Objective: To examine and map the scientific evidence on the effectiveness of using ivermectin and atazanavir in the treatment of COVID-19. Methodology: Scoping Review, based on the procedures recommended by the Joanna Briggs Institute. The guiding question was established, "What is the scientific evidence on the use of ivermectin and atazanavir in the treatment of patients with mild symptoms of COVID-19?" Searches were conducted in six national and international databases on papers published until December 2022. Of the 357 studies found, 22 were selected for reading in full, resulting in a final sample of 11 studies analyzed. Results: The 11 publications analyzed were published from 2020 to 2022 during pandemic period, of national and international scope with experimental study design, of clinical trial type with randomization. Only 03 studies (25%) tested atazanavir as a combined intervention with other drugs, showing no significant improvements in relation to its use. As for the treatment with Ivermectin, of the eight (75%) studies that tested it, only three (37.5%) recommended its use and five (62.5%) did not support its use for treating mild COVID-19. The time to symptom resolution ranged from 8 to 10 days in the ivermectin-treated arms and on average 07 days in the atazanavir treatment. No serious adverse events related to the use of the two drugs were detected. Conclusion: evidence recommending the use of ivermectin dates back to the beginning of the pandemic period, 2020, but subsequently, with robust controlled clinical trials, new evidence does not support the use of ivermectin and atazanavir in the treatment of mild COVID-19 showing that there was no difference in time to symptom resolution, mortality rate, ICU admission rate, and length of hospital stay.


Objetivo: Examinar y mapear la evidencia científica sobre la eficacia del uso de ivermectina y atazanavir en el tratamiento de COVID-19. Metodología: Scoping Review, basada en los procedimientos recomendados por el Instituto Joanna Briggs. La pregunta guía era: "¿Cuál es la evidencia científica sobre el uso de ivermectina y atazanavir en el tratamiento de pacientes con síntomas leves de COVID-19? Se realizaron búsquedas en seis bases de datos nacionales e internacionales, en artículos publicados hasta diciembre de 2022. De los 357 estudios encontrados, se seleccionaron 22 para su lectura completa, lo que dio lugar a una muestra final de 11 estudios analizados. Resultados: Las 11 publicaciones analizadas fueron publicadas entre 2020 y 2022 durante el periodo pandémico, de ámbito nacional e internacional con diseño de estudio experimental, de tipo ensayo clínico con aleatorización. Apenas 03 estudios (25%) probaron el atazanavir como intervención combinada con otras drogas, sin evidenciar mejoras significativas en relación con su uso. En cuanto al tratamiento con Ivermectina, de los ocho (75%) estudios que la probaron, sólo tres (37,5%) recomendaron su uso y cinco (62,5%) no apoyaron su uso para tratar la COVID-19 leve. El tiempo transcurrido hasta la resolución de los síntomas osciló entre 8 y 10 días en los brazos tratados con ivermectina y una media de 07 días en el tratamiento con atazanavir. No se detectaron acontecimientos adversos graves relacionados con el uso de los dos fármacos. Conclusión: las pruebas que recomiendan el uso de ivermectina se remontan al inicio del periodo pandémico, 2020, pero posteriormente, con ensayos clínicos controlados sólidos, las nuevas pruebas no apoyan el uso de ivermectina y atazanavir en el tratamiento de la COVID-19 leve, lo que demuestra que no hubo diferencias en el tiempo hasta la resolución de los síntomas, la tasa de mortalidad, la tasa de ingreso en la UCI y la duración de la estancia hospitalaria.

4.
Infektsionnye Bolezni ; 20(4):85-96, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245415

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 has infected more than 600 million people worldwide over the last 2.5 years. So far, there efficacy of many antiviral drugs against COVID-19 has been evaluated only in small studies conducted in different countries. Objective. To assess the efficacy of umifenovir in patients with COVID-19. Materials and methods. We performed systematic search of publications in the PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Sixteen studies with a total of 1,843 patients were included in the analysis. The following endpoints were evaluated: frequencies of negative PCR test on days 7 and 14;mortality in patients with mild, moderate, and severe disease;and frequency of fever resolution on day 7. Results. We found that patients receiving umifenovir demonstrated a significantly higher frequency of negative PCR test on day 7 than patients who received no causal therapy or other antiviral drugs (odds ratio (OR) 1.69, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.09-2.62, p = 0.02, I2 = 13%). This difference was even more significant among patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 (OR: 2.03, 95% CI: 1.24-3.32, p = 0.005, I2 = 0%), as well as on day 14 (OR: 2.02, 95% CI: 1.35-3.94, p = 0.0007, I2 = 50%). We also observed a reduced risk of death in the studies that included only patients with mild and moderate disease (JR: 0.53, 95% CI: 0.33-0.83, p = 0.006, I2 = 0). Umifenovir therapy did not affect the frequency of fever resolution by day 7 (OR: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.49-1.56, p = 0.64, I2 = 0%). Conclusion. Umifenovir significantly accelerated virus elimination by days 7 and 14 among patients with mild to moderate COVID-19. Umifenovir also reduced the risk of death compared to other antiviral drugs.Copyright © 2022, Dynasty Publishing House. All rights reserved.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; 33(4):633-636, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | GIM | ID: covidwho-20245386

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of nosocomial infection informatics surveillance system in the prevention and control of multidrug-resistant organisms(MDROs) infections. METHODS: The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University was selected as the study subjects, which had adopted the nosocomial infection informatics surveillance system since Jan.2020. The period of Jan.to Dec.2020 were regarded as the study period, and Jan.to Dec.2019 were regarded as the control period. The situation of nosocomial infection and MDROs infections in the two periods were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The incidence of nosocomial infections and underreporting of nosocomial infection cases in this hospital during the study period were 2.52%(1 325/52 624) and 1.74%(23/1 325), respectively, and the incidences of ventilator associated pneumonia(VAP), catheter related bloodstream infection(CRBSI), catheter related urinary tract infection(CAUTI)were 4.10(31/7 568), 2.11(14/6 634), and 2.50(25/9 993) respectively, which were lower than those during the control period(P< 0.05). The positive rate of pathogenic examination in the hospital during the study period was 77.95%(1 269/1 628), which was higher than that during the control period(P<0.05), the overall detection rate of MDROs was 15.77%(206/1 306), the detection rates of MDROs in Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were lower than those during the control period(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The development and application of the informatics technology-based surveillance system of nosocomial infection could effectively reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections and device related infections, decrease the under-reporting of infection cases, and also reduce the detection rate of MDROs as well as the proportion of MDROs detected in common pathogenic species.

6.
Academic Journal of Naval Medical University ; 43(11):1234-1239, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245300

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic. It is urgent to find treatments to control the infection and improve symptoms. Homologous modeling and clinical analyses suggest that histamine receptor antagonists have broad prospects in the treatment of COVID-19. This article introduces the research progress of histamine H1 receptor antagonist combined with azithromycin, histamine H2 receptor antagonist famotidine alone or combined with aspirin, and histamine H1 and H2 receptor antagonists used in combination in the treatment of COVID-19. Finally, the possible mechanism of histamine receptor antagonists in the treatment of COVID-19 was introduced and the application prospect of histamine receptor antagonists in the treatment of COVID-19 was analyzed.Copyright © 2022, Second Military Medical University Press. All rights reserved.

7.
Nevrologiya, Neiropsikhiatriya, Psikhosomatika ; 14(6):40-48, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245191

RESUMO

Amantadine has begun to be used as a possible alternative in COVID-19 therapy to mitigate its effects. There is anecdotal evidence that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) treated with amantadine and who test positive for COVID-19 often do not develop clinical manifestations of COVID-19. Objective(s): to compare the clinical course of COVID-19 in patients with PD who took or did not take amantadine sulfate. Patients and methods. A prospective continuous study included 142 patients with PD who were treated in Republican Clinical Diagnostic Center for Extrapyramidal Pathology and Botulinum Therapy in Kazan from October 2021 to January 2022. Patients filled out a proprietary internally developed questionnaire. Results and discussion. Out of 142 individuals with PD COVID-19 occurred in 77 (54.2%), of which 52.0% had a mild course, 39.0% had a moderate course, 2.6% had a severe course, and in 6.5% the severity of the disease has not been established. Deterioration after COVID-19 infection was noted by 36% of patients: the appearance or increase in motor fluctuations (41%), increased tremor, stiffness or slowness (31%), the appearance of "exhaustion" of the effect of a single dose of levodopa (13%), the appearance or increased dyskinesia (21%), hallucinations (3.5%). Patients taking amantadine sulfate had PD much longer (11.5+/-5.62 years versus 5.12+/-3.24 years) and had a more pronounced (III-IV) stage of the disease. These patients were more likely to experience mild COVID-19 (in 60.87% of cases), in contrast to patients not receiving amantadine sulfate (only in 48.15% of cases). There was no correlation between the severity of COVID-19 and levodopa intake. Conclusion. The results of the study showed that patients with PD taking amantadine sulfate are more likely to have a mild course of COVID-19.Copyright © 2022 Ima-Press Publishing House. All rights reserved.

8.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research ; 13(3):253-258, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245180

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess Jordanian physicians' awareness about venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk among COVID-19 patients and its treatment protocol. Method(s): This was a cross-sectional-based survey that was conducted in Jordan in 2020. During the study period, a convenience sample of physicians working in various Jordanian hospitals were invited to participate in this study. Physicians' knowledge was evaluated and physicians gained one point for each correct answer. Then, a knowledge score out of 23 was calculated for each. Key Findings: In this study, 102 physicians were recruited. Results from this study showed that most of the physicians realize that all COVID-19 patients need VTE risk assessment (n = 69, 67.6%). Regarding VTE prophylaxis, the majority of physicians (n = 91, 89.2%) agreed that low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is the best prophylactic option for mild-moderate COVID-19 patients with high VTE risk. Regarding severe/critically ill COVID-19 patients, 75.5% of physicians (n = 77) recognized that LMWH is the correct prophylactic option in this case, while 80.4% of them (n = 82) knew that mechanical prevention is the preferred prophylactic option for severe/critically ill COVID-19 patients with high bleeding risk. Moreover, 77.5% of physicians (n = 79) knew that LMWH is the treatment of choice for COVID-19 patients diagnosed with VTE. Finally, linear regression analysis showed that consultants had an overall higher knowledge score about VTE prevention and treatment in COVID-19 patients compared with residents (P = 0.009). Conclusion(s): All physicians knew about VTE risk factors for COVID-19 patients. However, consultants showed better awareness of VTE prophylaxis and treatment compared with residents. We recommend educational workshops be conducted to enhance physicians' knowledge and awareness about VTE thromboprophylaxis and management in COVID-19 patients.Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society. All rights reserved.

9.
Practical Diabetes ; 40(3):21-25a, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245168

RESUMO

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are increasingly initiated as treatment for type 2 diabetes due to favourable cardiorenal characteristics. However, studies have identified an increased risk of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We carried out a retrospective, case-based study at East and North Herts NHS Trust between February 2018 and December 2020. Fifteen cases of SGLT2i associated DKA were identified in people with presumed type 2 diabetes;33.3% were classed as euglycaemic DKA with a blood glucose of <11mmol/L. All cases were associated with a significant precipitating factor including diarrhoea, vomiting, reduced oral intake and sepsis. One case was related to COVID-19. Two people were subsequently found to have raised islet autoantibodies suggesting type 1 diabetes or latent autoimmune diabetes in adults. It is important that awareness of SGLT2i associated DKA is raised among users and health care practitioners, including the recognition of euglycaemic DKA. Sick day rules should be emphasised and reiterated at clinical encounters. Non-specialists in primary care, oncology and in perioperative settings should be empowered to advocate for temporary withdrawal and there should be readier access to blood ketone monitoring when required. When SGLT2i associated DKA occurs, due consideration should be given to evaluate the diabetes classification and investigate the circumstances of the event. Copyright © 2023 John Wiley & Sons.Copyright © 2023 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

10.
Journal of Traditional Thai and Alternative Medicine ; 21(1):163-174, 2023.
Artigo em Tailandês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20245008

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic situation affected population health and lifestyle not only for a short period but also long period. Long COVID symptoms is a long-term illness after COVID condition. Long COVID symptoms greatly affected to quality of life of patients. Massage is a unique treatment form of alternative medicine that can promote health in various dimensions. From the previous studies, massage has affected to Long COVID mechanism via anti-inflammatory process, immune system enhancing process, and hormone level balancing that related to Long COVID symptoms as well as being able to reduce the symptoms of the long COVID symptoms. The study about the efficacy and safety of massage against Long COVID symptoms is the essential approach to increase the value of massage and develop health services in the future.

11.
Value in Health ; 26(6 Supplement):S182, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244975

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate COVID-19 vaccines in primary prevention against infections and lessening the severity of illness following the most recent outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant in Shanghai. Method(s): To investigate whether inactivated vaccines were effective in protecting against COVID-19 infections, we estimated the odds ratio (OR) of the vaccination in COVID-19 cases vs. matched community-based healthy controls. To evaluate the potential benefits of vaccination in lowering the risk of symptomatic infection (vs. asymptomatic), we estimated the relative risk (RR) of symptomatic infections among diagnosed patients. We also applied the multivariate stepwise Logistic regression analyses to measure the risk of disease severity (symptomatic vs. asymptomatic and moderate/severe vs. mild) in COVID-19 patient cohort with vaccination status as an independent variable while controlling for potential confounding factors. Result(s): Out of the 153,544 COVID-19 patients included in the analysis, 118,124 (76.9%) patients had been vaccinated and 143,225(93.3%) were asymptomatic patients. Of the 10,319 symptomatic patients, 10,031(97.2%), 281(2.7%) and 7(0.1%) experienced mild, moderate, and severe infections, respectively. There is no evidence that the vaccination helped protect from infections (OR=0.82, p=0.613). The vaccination, however, offered a small but significant protection against symptomatic infections (RR=0.92, p < 0.001) and halved the risk of moderate/severe infections (OR=0.48, 95% CI: 0.37 - 0.61). Older age (> 60 years) and malignant tumors were significantly associated with moderate/severe infections. Gender also appeared to be a risk factor for symptomatic infections, with females being associated with a lower risk for moderate/severe illness. Conclusion(s): Inactivated COVID-19 vaccines helped provide a small but significant protection against symptomatic infections and halved risk of moderate/severe illness among symptomatic patients. The vaccination was not effective in blocking COVID-19 Omicron variant community spread.Copyright © 2023

12.
Kanzo/Acta Hepatologica Japonica ; 62(6):381-383, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244958

RESUMO

In novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), liver injury was found at a high rate, and reports from outside Japan revealed that such injury was related to severity. We examined the characteristics of liver injury in 15 cases of COVID-19. Thirteen of these patients received antiviral therapy, such as favipiravir, remdesivir, and hydroxychloroquine. Liver injury was observed in eight cases at admission for COVID-19. The hepatic CT attenuation values at admission were significantly lower in nine patients who developed liver damage or showed its exacerbation during the treatment than in the remaining patients. Drug-induced liver injury due to antiviral drug was suspected in six cases. Liver injury due to COVID-19 may be related to low hepatic CT attenuation values and be modified by antiviral drugs.Copyright © 2021 The Japan Society of Hepatology.

13.
Medycyna Ogolna i Nauki o Zdrowiu ; 29(1):36-38, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-20244865

RESUMO

Introduction: Patients' negligence and difficult access to healthcare have an impact on the worsening of emergency conditions, which require immediate treatment due to the possibility of exacerbation in a short period of time. Untreated intra- and extraoral abscesses can have serious consequences on the patient's health and in many cases are life-threatening conditions increasing risk of respiratory obstruction, thrombophlebitis, meningitis, mediastinitis and septicemia. Background: The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of the pandemic and the resulting impediments to accessing medical care on the incidence and type of emergencies in the Oral Surgery Department. Material and methods: This was a retrospective study of 85375 patients aged 2 months to 90 years old with diagnosed intra- and extraoral abscesses before COVID-19 pandemic (2018,2019), and during pandemic (2020, 2021) in the Department of Oral Surgery of the Medical University in Lublin. The obtained results were statistically analyzed with the use of a computer program. Conclusions: The fewest patients were admitted in 2020, and the most in 2021, where we can already see the effects of the pandemic. Emergencies occurred most frequently in people aged 21-30, then 31-40. In 365 cases, tooth extraction was performed, and only in 28 cases, root canal treatment was attempted. Conclusions. Oral health service provision has been significantly affected by COVID-19. Patients came to their appointments too late, which in most cases resulted in the necessity of tooth extraction without attempting root canal treatment.

14.
Journal of Jilin University Medicine Edition ; 49(1):187-192, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244843

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and treatment process of the patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma complicated with human coronavirus(HCoV)-HKU1 pneumonia and improve the clinical medical staff's awareness of the disease, and to reduce the occurrence of clinical adverse events. Method(s): The clinical data of a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma complicated with HCoV-HKU1 pneumonia with hot flashes and night sweats, dry cough and dry throat as the main clinical features who were hospitalized in the hospital in January 2021 were analyzed, and the relevant literatures were reviewed and the clinical manifestations and diagnosis of HCoV-HKU1 were analyzed. Result(s): The female patient was admitted to the hospital due to diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma for more than 2 months. The physical examination results showed Karnofsky score was 90 points;there was no palpable enlargement of systemic superfical lymph nodes;mild tenderness in the right lower abdomen, no rebound tenderness, and slightly thicker breath sounds in both lungs were found, and a few moist rales were heard in both lower lungs. The chest CT results showed diffuse exudative foci in both lungs, and the number of white blood cells in the urine analysis was 158 muL-1;next generation sequencing technique(NGS) was used the detect the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and HCoV-HKU1 pneumonia was diagnosed. At admission, the patient had symptoms such as dull pain in the right lower abdomen, nighttime cough, and night sweats;antiviral treatment with oseltamivir was ineffective. After treatment with Compound Sulfamethoxazole Tablets and Lianhua Qingwen Granules, the respiratory symptoms of the patient disappeared. The re-examination chest CT results showed the exudation was absorbed. Conclusion(s): The clinical symptoms of the patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma complicated with HCoV-HKU1 pneumonia are non-specific. When the diffuse shadow changes in the lungs are found in clinic, and the new coronavirus nucleic acid test is negative, attention should still be paid to the possibility of other HCoV infections. The NGS can efficiently screen the infectious pathogens, which is beneficial to guide the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary infectious diseases more accurately.Copyright © 2023 Jilin University Press. All rights reserved.

15.
JBMR Plus ; 5(Supplement 3):21, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: On March 11, 2020, the WHO classified COVID-19 as a global pandemic. Measures to quell the pandemic included limiting non-essential activities including clinic visits and procedures. It is unclear if individuals with OI had disruptions in their access to healthcare or medications, and if such disruptions affected patients' symptoms. METHOD(S): A REDCap survey was distributed through the OI Foundation on August 31. Surveys completed through September 11 by individuals with OI or their caregiver are included in this analysis. Participants were asked to compare their symptoms and access to healthcare during the first 4 months of the pandemic to the 4 months before the pandemic. RESULT(S): 85 surveys were completed, and 6 were partially completed. The median age of participants was 40 years;35% were children. 32% of participants self-identified as having severe OI. Although most reported no changes in bone pain or fractures, 46% reported they were less likely to seek emergency medical care to treat a fracture, while 33% reported they were more likely to treat fractures at home (Fig 1A). There were delays in accessing all services, with greatest delays accessing dentistry (74%) and aquatic therapy (84%) (Fig 1B). 36% of participants receiving bisphosphonate infusions had delayed infusions because of the pandemic (Fig 1C). Of note, 50% of planned surgeries were delayed. CONCLUSION(S): Although many individuals with OI and their caregivers reported delays in accessing bone-related services/clinics during this 4-month period, there was not a concomitant increase in reported symptoms. This may have related to shelter-in-place restrictions and decreased activity. Limitations of this study include small sample size and potential selection bias because responses were obtained only from OIF members. To address these limitations, we are distributing the survey through healthcare providers of individuals with OI across major regions of the US from a variety of practice types including endocrine, orthopedics and multidisciplinary clinics. Furthermore, as the COVID-19 pandemic continues, we hope that this survey will provide information to address what aspects of healthcare may be in greatest need, as well as the modality through which services may be met. (Figure Presented).

16.
Journal of the Intensive Care Society ; 24(1 Supplement):114-115, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244720

RESUMO

Submission content Introduction: An unusual case of a very young patient without previously known cardiac disease presenting with severe left ventricular failure, detected by a point of care echocardiogram. Main Body: A 34 year old previously well man was brought to hospital after seeing his general practitioner with one month of progressive shortness of breath on exertion. This began around the time the patient received his second covid-19 vaccination. He was sleeping in a chair as he was unable to lie flat. Abnormal observations led the GP to call an ambulance. In the emergency department, the patient required oxygen 5L/min to maintain SpO2 >94%, but he was not in respiratory distress at rest. Blood pressure was 92/53mmHg, mean 67mmHg. Point of care testing for COVID-19 was negative. He was alert, with warm peripheries. Lactate was 1.0mmol/L and he was producing more than 0.5ml/kg/hr of urine. There was no ankle swelling. ECG showed sinus tachycardia. He underwent CT pulmonary angiography which demonstrated no pulmonary embolus, but there was bilateral pulmonary edema. Troponin was 17ng/l, BNP was 2700pg/ml. Furosemide 40mg was given intravenously by the general medical team. Critical care outreach asked for an urgent intensivist review given the highly unusual diagnosis of pulmonary edema in a man of this age. An immediate FUSIC Heart scan identified a dilated left ventricle with end diastolic diameter 7cm and severe global systolic impairment. The right ventricle was not severely impaired, with TAPSE 18mm. There was no significant pericardial effusion. Multiple B lines and trace pulmonary effusions were identified at the lung bases. The patient was urgently discussed with the regional cardiac unit in case of further deterioration, basic images were shared via a cloud system. A potential diagnosis of vaccination-associated myocarditis was considered,1 but in view of the low troponin, the presentation was felt most likely to represent decompensated chronic dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient disclosed a family history of early cardiac death in males. Aggressive diuresis was commenced. The patient was admitted to a monitored bed given the potential risk of arrhythmia or further haemodynamic deterioration. Advice was given that in the event of worsening hypotension, fluids should not be administered but the cardiac centre should be contacted immediately. Formal echocardiography confirmed the POCUS findings, with ejection fraction <35%. He was initiated on ACE inhibitors and beta adrenergic blockade. His symptoms improved and he was able to return home and to work, and is currently undergoing further investigations to establish the etiology of his condition. Conclusion(s): Early echocardiography provided early evidence of a cardiac cause for the patient's presentation and highlighted the severity of the underlying pathology. This directed early aggressive diuresis and safety-netting by virtue of discussion with a tertiary cardiac centre whilst it was established whether this was an acute or decompensated chronic pathology. Ultrasound findings: PLAX, PSAX and A4Ch views demonstrating a severely dilated (7cm end diastolic diameter) left ventricle with global severe systolic impairment.

17.
Diabetic Medicine ; 40(Supplement 1):164, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244653

RESUMO

Objective: Semaglutide is the first glucagon-like peptide- 1 receptor agonist with oral and subcutaneous formulations. We studied patient adherence and clinical response following their prescription in a primary care setting. Method(s): We searched for patients starting semaglutide between October 2020 to November 2021 in primary care registries in Dudley, West Midlands. We tracked their collection of medications for up to six months, changes in HbA1C and weight if these data were available at 26 weeks (range 22-52 weeks), with significance tested using a t-test. Patients prescribed both formulations were excluded. Result(s): Clinical data were available in 180 of the 443 patients. Baseline HbA1c was 79.0 +/- 18.6mmol/mol (Ozempic) and 81.9 +/- 19.3mmol/mol (Rybelsus) and pre-treatment weight was 108.4 +/- 10.5 kg (Ozempic) and 104.3 +/- 26.7 kg (Rybelsus). 62.8% of patients were of non-white ethnicity and 82.8% were on >= two anti-diabetic drugs. In patients with six-month follow-up data, mean reduction in HbA1c and weight was 17.1 +/- 20.8mmol/ mol and 3.9 +/- 6.2 kg (Ozempic n = 53, p < 0.01) and 18.2 +/- 14.5mmol/mol and 5.9 +/- 4.2 kg (Rybelsus n = 5, p < 0.05). Drug continuation rates were measured in 324 patients. 3.2% and 19.0% of patients for Ozempic and Rybelsus respectively did not obtain further prescriptions after their initial script. At six months, 87.2% continued with Ozempic and 57.2% with Rybelsus. Conclusion(s): This study demonstrates similarly significant reductions in HbA1c and weight with Ozempic and Rybelsus, despite the complexity of follow-up during Covid-19 restrictions. The lower adherence to Rybelsus warrants further study.

18.
Value in Health ; 26(6 Supplement):S365, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244375

RESUMO

Objectives: COVID-19 infected over 150 million people and caused over 1 million deaths in the US. This study evaluates several variables thought to be associated with mortality risk in the COVID-19 population. Method(s): The IQVIA longitudinal medical and pharmacy claims databases identified 17,682,111 patients with a COVID-19 diagnosis between 4/1/2020-4/30/2022 from a population of >277 million patients in the US. Patients were linked to Veritas Data Research fact-of-death records (90% complete compared to CDC reporting) and confirmed deaths were flagged. Confirmed mortality rates (CMR) were evaluated by age group, socioeconomic status (SES) using the Area Deprivation Index (v2.0, University of Wisconsin, 2015), co-morbidities and COVID-specific (approved and unapproved) treatments. Result(s): Of the 563,744 patients (3.2%) identified as dead (3.67% in men, 2.85% in women overall), CMR was lowest in patients aged 0-17 (0.08%), highest in age 65-75 (5.92%) and >75 (16.40%). Patients in the lowest 40% of SES had CMR of 4.43% while in the highest 20% was 1.56%. Respiratory failure, pneumonia and sepsis were the most common acute diagnoses accompanying COVID-19 deaths in all SES. In patients with comorbid dementia or Alzheimer's disease, CMR were 21.62% and 23.40% respectively. Additionally, congestive heart failure (15.79%), atrial fibrillation (15.50%), chronic kidney disease (15.30%) and COPD (12.19%) were associated with high CMR. Among patients receiving approved therapies, casirivimab/imdevimab and remdesivir had CMR of 1.41% and 12.63% respectively, while for those receiving unapproved therapies, ivermectin and hydroxychloroquine had CMR of 2.54% and 2.45%. Conclusion(s): Compared to the 1.1% case-mortality rate (Johns Hopkins 2023) among US COVID-19 patients, we found CMR exceeded 3% among those with a medical claim for COVID-19. Advanced age, dementia, and cardio-renal disease were associated with mortality. Patients with the lowest SES had approximately 3 times the confirmed mortality rate compared to those in the highest SES group.Copyright © 2023

19.
Pediatric Dermatology ; 40(Supplement 2):47, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244353

RESUMO

Objectives: Varicella is common infectious disease mainly in childhood, usually is a mild, self-limited illness and complications are usually rare. The incubation period for this disease is generally 14- 16 days but may vary from 7 to 21 days. Varicella in the adults with comorbidities or immunosuppressed children may be severe and prolonged with complications. Method(s): A case report of a 6-year-old girl hospitalized for new-onset manifestations of disseminated vesicular exanthema, the manifestations of which occurred mainly on the chest, back, capillitium, oral cavity, and genital area. The child was suffering from abdominal, knee and lumbosacral pain at that time. The patient's history revealed that 10 days prior to the cutaneous manifestations, she had influenza with bronchopneumonia requiring oxygen therapy, steroids and antibiotics. Result(s): The condition progressed within 48 h, complicated by the development of multi-organ failure, coagulopathy with the development of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy over the course of antiviral, antibiotic and antifungal therapy. Laboratory parameters included high elevation of C-reactive protein, il-6, leukocytosis, neutrophilia and highly elevated liver enzymes. Varicella infection was confirmed by detection of herpes zoster virus - polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from vesicles. The patient received intravenous immunoglobulin therapy at a dose of 2 g/L and fresh frozen plasma, thrombocyte concentrate. The girl was intubated with analogization. Laboratory parameters subsequently revealed high anti CoV-2 positivity, high CoV-2 IgG positivity and negative CoV-2 IgM. The patient's condition did not preclude the course of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) corticosteroids were added to the treatment at a dose of 1 mg/kg weight. Patient's condition stabilized after 1 month. Discussion(s): Our case report presents an example of fulminant complicated life-threatening course of varicella. Even in common respiratory infections, we must think about the risk and consequences of coinfections and post-infectious complications such as in our case especially influenza and COVID-19.

20.
International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia ; Conference: Obstetric Anaesthesia Annual Scientific Meeting 2023. Edinburgh United Kingdom. 54(Supplement 1) (no pagination), 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244281

RESUMO

Introduction: One in five pregnant women in the UKis obese. Obesity is associated with increased risk of both maternal and foetal adverse outcomes. RCOG guidelines [1] recommend that all women with a booking BMI over 40 kg/m2 should be reviewed antenatally by a senior obstetric anaesthetist to guide risk assessment, medical optimisation and shared decision-making. The 2021 MBRRACE report [2] recommends that all women should be reweighed in the third trimester for accurate VTE risk scoring and prophylactic LMWH dosing. In our institution, reconfiguration of hospital areas as part of the COVID-19 response led to loss of designated clinic space for our obstetric anaesthetic clinic. As a result, our practice since has been to initially offer a telephone consultation followed by a face-to-face review if needed. Finding space for the latter has often been a significant logistical challenge. Our project sought to assess whether our practice continued to meet national standards in the wake of these changes. Method(s): Following audit approval, we retrospectively reviewed all women with a BMI >40 kg/m2 undergoing caesarean section (CS) over a six-month period (1/4/22 to 31/9/22). Result(s): 20 women met inclusion criteria (Category 1-3 CS - 12 women;Category 4 CS - 8 women). 100% of patients had booking height, weight and BMI recorded. 20% (4/20) of patients were reweighed in the 3rd trimester. Only 55% (11/20) of patients had been referred to and reviewed in the antenatal obstetric anaesthetic clinic (Figure). Of the 11 patients referred, 6 were referred later than 30 weeks. Of the 9 patients not referred, 8 had a BMI between 40 and 45 kg/m2. By contrast, 87% (6/7) of patients with BMI over 45 kg/m2 were referred and seen. Discussion(s): Our audit showed that we are not meeting national standards. Possible reasons identified were lack of awareness of the RCOG standards and referral criteria (especially for women with a BMI of 40 to 45 kg/m2) and logistical issues in undertaking face-to-face reviews without designated clinic space. Presentation of our results at the joint anaesthetic, obstetric and midwifery governance meeting has helped identify space in the antenatal clinic for face-to-face reviews, to start from March 2023 and to raise awareness of the national standards to ensure referral of all women with a BMI over 40 kg/m2. A reaudit is planned in 6 months. [Figure presented]Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd

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