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1.
Zhongguo Yufang Shouyi Xuebao / Chinese Journal of Preventive Veterinary Medicine ; 44(3):345-345, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034497

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia, the new coronavirus (SARSCoV-2) has been mutating continuously, and it has now become prevalent in more than 200 countries. The cumulative number of confirmed cases in the world has exceeded 460 million, and the number of deaths has exceeded 6 million. The rapid mutation of SARS-CoV-2 highlights the importance of preventive and therapeutic drugs, however, effective therapeutic drugs for new coronary pneumonia are still very scarce. It is still the common goal of scientists from all over the world to develop a safe and effective drug for the treatment of new coronary pneumonia that can inhibit the infection of multiple SARS-CoV-2 mutant strains.

2.
Zhongguo Yufang Shouyi Xuebao / Chinese Journal of Preventive Veterinary Medicine ; 44(3):346-346, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034493

RESUMO

The new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is raging around the world, infecting more than 460 million people and killing more than 6 million people, posing a serious threat to human health. Analyzing the pathogenic mechanism of the virus and discovering new drug targets are the keys to the development of antiviral drugs. Similar to the envelope proteins of many important viruses such as Ebola virus and Marburg virus, the spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2 relies on the cleavage and processing of cellular furin to mature during infection, and then make the virus infective, so furin is an important potential target for antiviral therapy. However, the regulation mechanism of furin enzyme activity in cells under physiological and infection conditions is not yet very clear.

3.
Hygiene & Medizin ; 46(1/2):D23-D27, 2021.
Artigo em Alemão | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034492

RESUMO

This article discusses efforts and challenges concerning the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in specialized schools or daycare facilities for handicapped children and adolescents. In this heterogeneous group, a relevant proportion may face an increased risk of a complicated infection due to underlying chronic conditions. Their capability to adhere to the rules of physical distance, hand hygiene, face masks plus aeration may be limited. In addition, wearing a mask and keeping distance impaires necessary contacts concerning nursing care and nonverbal/visual communication between children and their caregivers.

4.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 62(2):129-133, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034484

RESUMO

Individual responsibility implies horizontality of participation in the formulation of small models of self-care and local decision-making of what and how to do for prevention, however, in addition to the deployment of education and social communication formulas that provide important tools so that each citizen knows what humanity is facing and to generate shared responsibilities (Rios, 2020), in a practical sense, in a certain percentage of citizens, it has been possible to observe the abandonment of elementary aspects of social coexistence in times of pandemic. This topic has raised interesting controversies that take up a set of valid questions. The present work takes as its starting point two questions to which it does not attempt to answer, but rather fulfill a guiding function for the arguments presented here: Why are there human groups that do not consciously act on the global call for vaccination? Why do human groups persist in dispensing with biosafety measures, not abiding by health guidelines? Our concern when carrying out this analysis arose from understanding that, as is the case in various parts of the world, the Ecuadorian provinces with similar community mitigation measures presented very different trends in infection rates. As far as we know, there is no epidemiological model that can help us understand this phenomenon.

5.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 62(2):251-259, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034476

RESUMO

Background: Invasive mechanical ventilation as a therapeutic strategy is not without complications. It is imperative to have protective ventilation parameters in those patients who are subjected to it. We aim to demonstrate whether mechanical power as a ventilatory parameter has prognostic validity for mortality in critically ill patients with prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation. Material and Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out of critically ill patients on prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation due to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome due to COVID-19 who were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of the Hospital Regional de Trujillo during the March 2020 to March 2021 period.

6.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 62(2):227-232, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034474

RESUMO

Introduction: The COVID-19 disease is complicated by severe acute respiratory syndrome (ARDS), which is considered the main cause of mortality within intensive care units, despite providing early and optimal ventilatory support. However, it is necessary to identify the factors associated with mortality in these patients.

7.
Journal of Rural Social Sciences ; 37(2), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034461

RESUMO

Rural individuals and places face major vulnerabilities in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic, yet how and why rural residents adopted preventive behaviors as a result is not well understood. Using cross-sectional data from an online panel survey of Utahans along the rural-urban continuum collected in June of 2020, we find that, overall, rural Utahans were less likely than their more urban counterparts to adopt preventive behaviors. Those who perceived less risk, knew someone sick with COVID-19, thought former President Trump was doing a good job handling the pandemic, had false optimism about the pandemic, had less formal education, and belonged to a lower economic class, were also less likely to adjust some of their behaviors. Given that COVID-19 and its variants continue to spread, and because other viral outbreaks are likely, a better understanding of preventive behavior along the rural-urban continuum and what shapes it is essential for health-related policymaking including encouraging vaccine uptake.

8.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):26-34, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034459

RESUMO

Introduction: SARS-CoV2 infection with severe clinical manifestations has been associated with a decrease in plasma hemoglobin levels. This suggests the need to understand the impact that anemia has in the clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19.

9.
Tourism and Hospitality International Journal ; 18(2):55-58, 2022.
Artigo em Português | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034432

RESUMO

This article discusses the state of the tourism industry during the COVID-19 pandemic and how information and communication technologies (ICTs) can be used to make a valuable contribution to this sector. ICTs have become an important factor in building resilience in tourism. They have played an extremely important role during the course of the current pandemic.

10.
Journal of Rural Social Sciences ; 37(2), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034420

RESUMO

Since late-2020, COVID-19 mortality rates have been higher in rural than in urban America, but there has also been substantial within-rural heterogeneity. Using CDC data, we compare COVID-19 mortality rates across the rural-urban continuum as well as within rural counties across different types of labor markets and by metropolitan adjacency. As of October 1, 2021, the cumulative COVID-19 mortality rate was 247.0 per 100,000 population in rural counties compared to 200.7 in urban counties. Higher COVID-19 mortality rates in rural counties are explained by lower average educational attainment and lower median household income. Within rural counties, mortality rates have been highest in farming-dependent counties and lowest in recreation-dependent counties. Those differences are similarly explained by differences in educational attainment and median household income. Our findings have implications for ongoing COVID-19 prevention and vaccination efforts as well as for informing preparation efforts for future infectious disease outbreaks.

11.
NatureScot Research Report 1289 - Enjoying the Outdoors - Monitoring the impact of Coronavirus and social distancing - Wave 3 survey results (September 2021) 2022. 49 pp. ; 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034414

RESUMO

This report presents the findings from a further, third wave undertaken a year later, with fieldwork running from 7 to 21 September 2021 and respondents asked to focus their responses on the preceding 4 weeks from around mid-August 2021.

12.
Veterinary Ireland Journal ; 10(11):614-615, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034344
13.
Journal of Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University ; 11(1):1-13, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034336

RESUMO

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Corona Virus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has created global devastation in the past three years. The Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19) vaccine is the only available resource to fight SARSCoV- 2 infection and its associated complications. As world is trying to recover with the help of vaccines, the change in vaccine development strategy and allowing the usage of vaccines at an emergency level with small size clinical data has created a storm of confusion among many individuals concerning efficiency and efficacy of the vaccine. Though multiple pieces of literature are available regarding the different types and strategies of vaccine development, no paper gives an idea about which vaccine should be used in this emergency. More than 90 vaccine candidates are in the race showing 70-95% efficiency at clinical trials, and still, people are afraid to take vaccines due to lack of awareness. This review compares the available vaccines and evaluates their efficiency based on the available clinical trial results to answer the most frequently asked question of which vaccine is best to be taken at this time?

14.
Estudios Turisticos ; 220:53-68, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034326

RESUMO

Spain experiments an excellent period regarding the production of large motion-picture works. not only films but also television series. Nevertheless, the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic present difficulties to recover the level of activity experimented before March 2020. All in all, besides the evolution of the health situation, the industry is showing proof enough of its ability to recover and adapt to the new circumstances.

15.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):123-131, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034323

RESUMO

It has been observed that some groups of patients had the perception that if they fell ill from COVID-19 they could have greater complications. The aim of this study was to determine the association between fatalistic thinking about the possible infection of coronavirus according to the type of disease suffered by Peruvian patients. An analytical study of secondary data was carried out, which used a previous data to obtain respondents who had a disease (according to 9 groups/medical specialties), and cross-checked this according to fatalistic thinking (from a validated test). Of the 4483 respondents, 15% had a disease. Those with a respiratory disease perceived that they would be complicated post infection (p<0.001), also those with a cancer or tumor (p<0.001) or those with an endocrinological disease (p=0.002). Those who thought they would become depressed if they became ill were those with a respiratory (p=0.013) or gastroenterological disease (p=0.001). Those who perceived that they might die were those with a respiratory disease (p<0.001), those with any cancer or tumor (p=0.007), endocrinological (p<0.001) and neurological or psychiatric diseases (p<0.001). They could make a fatal decision upon learning of the infection are those who had an endocrinological disease (p=0.039). In conclusion, some groups of patients have a higher perception of getting sick, getting complicated, dying or even taking other fatal actions after learning that they have coronavirus infection;therefore, they should be given psychological support.

16.
Journal of Bhutan Studies ; 42:1-43, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034320

RESUMO

When COVID-19 first emerged in late-2019 in Wuhan, China, without adequate containment, the virus and the economic shock waves that followed quickly spread across the world, leaving few countries unaffected by the contagion. COVID-19 quickly escalated into an ongoing and widespread global crisis, placing acute pressure on prevailing economic systems, governance structures, development institutions and health systems not experienced since the Spanish flu of 1918. In doing so, it crippled economies and ruptured trajectories of globalization and development, with a myriad of negative impacts as well as unintended positive effects such as reduced carbon emissions. As the pandemic continues to unfold, the responses of individual nation-states and sub-national regions have been both varied and divergent.

17.
Hygiene & Medizin ; 46(1/2):D28-D33, 2021.
Artigo em Alemão | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034319

RESUMO

The sensitive and specific detection of an infection with SARS-CoV-2 is the basis of all infection control management. Since the beginning of the pandemic, the discussion has primarily focused on the availability of diagnostic options, then on correct material collection and effective handling of the scarce test resource, and finally on the value of individual procedures and the use of rapid test methods. The following overview attempts to summarize in a compact form the current state of knowledge on the rational and effective working with laboratory diagnostics of SARS-CoV-2 infections using predominantly scientific review articles.

18.
Estudios del Desarrollo Social: Cuba y America Latina ; 10(2):38-50, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034308

RESUMO

The research is focused on studying the impact of the crisis caused by COVID-19 on family food security. Various epistemological positions of some researchers are analyzed, as well as the reality revealed in the current scenario. Economic and social inequalities are addressed in their context. The study is based on a systematic review with a critical approach based on the method of analysis and synthesis. The results reveal that the pandemic associated with COVID-19 has aggravated the current economic and social crisis, and has put family food security at risk in different contexts.

19.
Zycie Weterynaryjne ; 96(1):15-23, 2021.
Artigo em Polonês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034286

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2, the betacoronavirus that causes COVID-19, has spread rapidly around the world since December 2019. It was suspected from the beginning that the primary outbreak in China, was of a zoonotic origin, but the SARS- CoV-2 animal reservoir(s) has not been definitively identified yet. So far, it has been confirmed that numerous animal species are susceptible to infection and that experimentally infected cats, shrews, hamsters and ferrets can also shed the virus. The SARS-CoV-2 was also detected in farmed mink (Neovison vison), in which it caused both, the clinical and subclinical disease, with respiratory symptoms and increased mortality. In April 2020, the first SARS-CoV-2 cases were detected in minks in the Netherlands, and to date (November 2020), further outbreaks have been confirmed in Denmark, Italy, Spain, Sweden, the United States, Greece, France and Poland. It has also been shown that the transmission of infection from humans to minks and from minks to humans may occur. The OIE is working on the inclusion of mink in the WAHIS database and encouraging the Members to provide appropriate data for this species to improve the monitoring of the epidemiological situation worldwide and prevent the establishment of a possible new reservoir for SARS-CoV-2.

20.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(2):157-165, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034280

RESUMO

Environmental factors and infectious diseases are closely related, mathematical models seek to explain these interactions, however, the same analytical practices are often observed with infectious diseases despite substantial differences from non-infectious diseases that can result in analytical challenges.

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