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1.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(9):525-527, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164868

RESUMO

The aim of this descriptive case series was to determine the frequency of various gastrointestinal symptoms of the COVID-19 patients along with the respiratory symptoms. Secondary outcome was to determine the effect of various co-morbid conditions and various sign and symptoms on the length of hospital stay and outcome of disease Material: In this descriptive case series type study, carried out in the COVID ward in the Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, all patients diagnosed with COVID-19 by consultant physician in the out-patient department and ward were included. Written informed consent was taken from all the participants of the study after explaining the primary objective of the study. The study was carried out from 01-07-2019 to 31-12-2019. Primary objective of this study was to determine the various gastrointestinal symptoms of the COVID-19 patients along with the respiratory symptoms Results: Among the 386 patients enrolled in the study, 60% were male and 40% were female. Mean age of the patients was 54.14 SD 16.3 years, with around 71% cases of age above 45 years. Abdominal pain, anosmia and diarrhea were the most common GI complaints. Over all, 26% of the patients of COVID had GI symptoms. Conclusion(s): GI complaints such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping have been documented in COVID-19 individuals even in the absence of respiratory problems. As a result, COVID-19 disease must be explored in individuals who have mostly GI complaints. Copyright © 2022 Lahore Medical And Dental College. All rights reserved.

2.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(17):1093-1099, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164844

RESUMO

The salient objective of this research was to assess the serum albumin levels and C-reactive protein /albumin ratio in the admitted cases of SARS-CoV-2 in a tertiary care hospital, we tried to predict the severity of the disease like increased oxygen requirement during the hospital stay and on discharge, intensive care unit (ICU) requirement, longer hospital stay and secondary infections during the hospital stay by assessing by the C-reactive protein /albumin ratio biomarker. The study was conducted as a retrospective observational one, a total of 200 SARS-CoV-2 infected subjects were considered for the study, and each subject was carefully examined and data collected. Based on the objective of interest we correlated Serum Albumin levels and C-reactive protein /Albumin Ratio at the time of admission and subsequent clinical course of patient was noted. As per the findings, the mean CRP was 2.68 g/L in mild cases;moderate was 6.38 g/L, and severe was 7.44 g/L. The higher CRP is significantly associated with a tendency for respiratory distress, increased requirement of high flow oxygen treatment and patients requiring mechanical ventilation. CRP/Alb ratio on the mean differences was 0.386, the serum albumin level significantly differed at 1% level. In conclusion, CRP/alb ratio is a valid Biomarker for treating SARS-CoV-2 patients and provides substantial information to the clinicians for making a valid decision at the right time. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

3.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(16):3674-3684, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164841

RESUMO

Automated feedback is an essential section of the digital learning platform in providing insights into the assistance of students in terms of improving their mathematical proficiency levels and achieving learning goals. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a very significant impact on the learning and assessment experiences of students across the globe. In an online learning context, automated feedback allows teachers to customize learning content and its assessments according to the student's needs. Following this line of reasoning, the researchers began their research by designing and verifying the quality of an automated system of digital learning platform that measures mathematical proficiency levels. Therefore, this research aims to prove the effectiveness of the automated feedback system of digital learning platforms by importing students' e-MAT-Testing results into it. A design-based research design along with three phases was employed in this research. A total of 517 seventh-grade students and six experts participated in this research. The 517 seventh-grade students were selected using a stratified random sampling technique to participate in an e-MAT-Testing that consisted of 18 items on the topic of measurement and geometry. The test results were utilized to design a mathematical proficiencies assessment tool consisting of five sections, namely data acquisition, processing, display, automated feedback, and assessment report. However, the researchers would like to focus on the effectiveness of the automated feedback systems only to fit the real setting of the six experts who were purposively selected. The results of the first phase showed that there are five levels for both mathematical proficiency dimensions. The intersections for mathematical process dimension were at-1.41,-0.69, 0.49, and 1.39 while the intersections for conceptual structure dimension were at-0.98, 0.14, 0.44, and 1.70. The automated feedback system is found important for the students because they can check their test scores automatically while the teachers can use the data as guidelines for grading purposes. Moreover, the heuristic results indicated that the automated feedback system of the digital learning platform was found effective in terms of its usefulness, interpretation, and accuracy at the most appropriate levels from the six experts' perspectives. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

4.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(16):3466-3473, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164839

RESUMO

Objectives-1.To assess the level of anxiety regarding Covid-19 vaccination among adults. 2. To associate the level of anxiety among adults with selected demographic variables. Methodology-Non experimental descriptive research design is used for this study. It was conducted over 100 adults by using Non-Probability convenient sampling technique. Results-Assessment was done by using rating scale to Level of Anxiety. The finding reveals that 41% of adults had mild and moderate anxiety, 10% severe anxiety, 8% of the adults had no anxiety. Minimum anxiety score was 25 and maximum anxiety score was 75.Mean anxiety score with SD of 43.06+/-10.98. Mean % anxiety score with SD of 57.41+/-14.64. Conclusion-Analysis reveals that there is association of level of anxiety score with age, gender, marital status, occupation, suffer from covid-19 vaccine among adults and none of the other demographic variables were associated with level of anxiety score. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

5.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:2387-2393, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164822

RESUMO

Of the 100 patients who were followed up, 60 were "relatively cured" of Covid-19 and 40 were uninfected. The levels of calprotectin, Helicobacter pylori and interleukin-6 in the blood, which were detected in their feces, were reliably higher in those who passed the coronavirus. At the next stage of the study, the patients of the first group were divided into 2 subgroups of 30 based on the complex treatments prescribed on the basis of the standard of treatment of the existing disease. The first subgroup was prescribed rebamipide as a combination therapy and compared with the other two groups. In the group that received rebamipide, compared to those that did not receive it, it was found that calprotectin, Helicobacter pylori and interleukin-6 in the blood were significantly reduced. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:2425-2433, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164818

RESUMO

Background: Hygienic mask use plays a significant role in effectively preventing contagious respiratory disease. COVID pandemic had made wearing masks mandatory for all. All need to follow mask hygienic practice to avoid respiratory infection. Though wearing a mask all time may also lead to discomfort and difficulties. Objective(s): The objective of the study was to assess the perception towards use of face mask among adults Material(s) and Method(s): Conveniently 306 adults were chosen for conducting the study from UPHC Nayapalli and CHC Mendhasala of Khordha district. Participants were asked to fill the perception towards use of face mask (PEM tool) Results: 75.8% strongly agreed that wearing mask keeps a person safe from respiratory infections. 84.3% subjects strongly agreed for wearing a mask in public spaces. . Most 51% strongly disagree that face mask can make the person feel embarrassed. . 44.4% strongly disagree that its feel like to remove mask while talking. Conclusion(s): Present study shows that people are having good perception. They know the importance of mask wearing but sometime they are not able to follow the social guidelines due to various difficulties encountered while wearing mask. Continuous awareness programme is necessary to motivate them. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13(3):502-506, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164807

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a kind of viral pneumonia which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 has been marked as the third introduction of a highly pathogenic coronavirus into the human population after the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the twenty-first century, Forcing scientists to continue Research to discover a vaccine for this disease in in request to control and boundary the range Of the disease. This study was designed to hit upon out whether here are side effects on vaccinated people who received covid-19 vaccine or not by measuring the body's vitality by some of biochemical tests.Subjects:75 individuals between women and men aged (17-68 years)were enrolled in this study .Several biochemical tests were performed on them before taking the vaccine,a week to10 days after the first dose, and a week to 10 days after the second dose of covid-19 vaccine. RESULT(S): All subjects in this Study received the Pfizer-Bio N Tech vaccine and no systemic side effects were Observed in subjects vaccinated during the study period. Conclusion(s): From the Results of the current study, there were no abnormal biochemical markers, increased, or changes in basic body functions after receiving the Pfizer vaccine. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

8.
International Journal of Academic Medicine and Pharmacy ; 4(4):678-683, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164783

RESUMO

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome novel Beta-Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) re-emerged in November 2019 in Wuhan (Hubei, China) and rapidly affected nearly 220countries across the globe due to its highly infectious nature. The purpose for conducting this study is to estimate current COVID-19vaccination hesitancy amongpeople residing in these Rural areas. Such type of study has not been done in most of the region of India. It has been assumed that one of the most important hindrances in attaining the goal for herd immunization in order to reduce the burden of the pandemicity is hesitancy and doubtful attitude and behavior regarding vaccine safety among majority of the population worldwide. The objectives areto estimate the prevalence of Covid-19 Vaccination hesitancy and to assess the associated factors in such rural areas. Material(s) and Method(s): Cross-sectional study having total participants of 220 were selected by multistage sampling method and interviewed by pretested interview- schedule and collected data were analyzed using SPSS Version 26.0 and Microsoft Excel 2007. Result(s): Out of 220 participants, 72were estimated as hesitant towards vaccination against Covid-19(P- value: 0.003). Conclusion(s): A high prevalence of hesitant population was observed which is 34%. Almost all study parameters were detected to be associated in contributing hesitancy towards vaccination against Covid-19. ©Copyright: the Author(s), 2022 Licensee PAGEPress, Italy.

9.
International Journal of Academic Medicine and Pharmacy ; 4(4):462-470, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164780

RESUMO

Background: An alarmingly rising number of instances of rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis, a lethal invasive fungal illness, have been seen among the covid-19 survivors during the second wave in India. This disease is often found in immunocompromised individuals and in those with uncontrolled diabetes. Though the cause is said to be multifactorial the important cause is said to be the use of steroids by the patients without adequate medical supervision. The aim is to using data from 19 individuals with rhinocerebral mucormycosis, consistent radiographic characteristics were identified that might aid in the early identification of this condition. Material(s) and Method(s): A six-month, cross-sectional research carried out at the MGM Hospital in Warangal from May 2021 to October 2021. The 1.5 tesla GE MR SIGNA MRI machine and GE BRIGHTSPEED 16 slice CT unit were used to examine all patients suspected of having acute invasive fungal sinusitis who were either covid-19 positive or had recovered from covid-19 infection. Contrast study is done whenever indicated. Result(s): A total of 81 patients were imaged. On CT scans 23 patients (28.4%) had hyperdense lesions, 36 patients (44.4%) had hypodense lesions and 22 patients(27%) had isodense lesions. On MRI 56 patients (69%)had hyperintense signal and 25 patients (31%) had hypointense signal on T2-Weighted images. Conclusion(s): Mucormycosis is fatal invasive fungal disease which has the propensity to invade the periantral regions, pterygopalatine and sphenopalatine regions, orbits, skull base and in some cases causing fungal abscess in the brain. Imaging is essential for early diagnosis and prompt treatment, which significantly lowers morbidity and death. Copyright © 2022 Necati Ozpinar. All right reserved.

10.
International Journal of Academic Medicine and Pharmacy ; 4(4):458-461, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164779

RESUMO

Background: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an acute respiratory tract infection caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARSCoV-2). The main routes of transmission of this highly contagious virus include respiratory droplets and close contact.1The SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with a wide range of clinical symptoms, including asymptomatic, non-severe and severe forms, which can rapidly lead to death. Material(s) and Method(s): This was a cross-sectional type of study. The study was conducted during the period from May 2020 to September 2020. The study was conducted in Department of Pathology, Govt General and Chest Hospital/Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad. A total 132 patients diagnosed with SARI who were admitted in hospitals attached to OMC were included in the study. History was taken, general physical examination and a detailed systemic examination was done. Patients were categorized into moderate and severe illness according to WHO clinical criteria. RT-PCR for all patients was done using throat and nasal swab. Total WBC counts and differential counts, platelet counts were estimated. Result(s): The study was conducted on 132 patients diagnosed with SARI, of which 67 were COVID-19 positive patients and 65 were COVID-19 negative. Mean age of subjects with COIVD-19 positive (severe) was higher 58.70+/-15.596 Severity followed by COVID-19 positive (moderate) 55.13+/-14.480 [Table 1]. Conclusion(s): NL ratio was higher in patients with COVID-19 positive SARI as compared to COVID-19 negative SARI. There was significant correlation between increase in NL ratio and disease severity of COVID-19 positive pneumonia. We found that increase in NL ratio was associated with co-morbidities like diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Copyright © 2022 Necati Ozpinar. All right reserved.

11.
International Journal of Academic Medicine and Pharmacy ; 4(4):416-420, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164778

RESUMO

Background: covid-19 disease is a new disease of international concern. Till now there is limited studies available on this new disease.it is anticipitated that the people suffering from both tuberculosis and covid-19 may have poor outcomes, the present study conducted to find out the impact of tuberculosis on covid-19 disease and its severity. Material(s) and Method(s): 486 patients of both genders from general and private ward were enrolled in this study, data of tuberculosis case made as per clinical manifestations, current or old treatment history of ATT and investigations. While covid-19 cases confirmed by RT-PCR and HRCT chest, scoring of covid-19 severity was done by Spo2, HRCT chest and inflammatory markers. Result(s): In enrolled total 486 confirm cases of covid-19,39(8%) patients had history of tuberculosis and 447 (92%) patients without H/o of tuberculosis. It have been seen that severity of covid-19 was significantly low in patients with history of tuberculosis (p value <0.0001). Conclusion(s): Thus in our observational study, it is concluded that the severity of covid-19 was less in patients having tuberculosis as compared to patients without tubercular infection. Copyright © 2022 International Journal of Academic Medicine and Pharmacy. All rights reserved.

12.
International Journal of Academic Medicine and Pharmacy ; 4(4):382-384, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164777

RESUMO

Background: Temperature screening checkpoints have become prevalent in all public places during the COVID-19 pandemic. Contactless screening methods have been adopted for the early detection and isolation of febrile patients. The tympanic method closely resembles the body core temperature, however, they are not in use due to the disposal charges. This study aims to compare the efficacy of wrist and forehead temperature methods with the standard tympanic temperature. In light of the fact that a large population require rapid screening and that forehead temperature measurement being influenced by the environment, we investigated the accuracy and benefits of wrist temperature measurement in various environments. Material(s) and Method(s): This study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Perundurai, Tamilnadu. All the visitors who presented to the OPD between 6th April-13th May 2020 were included in the study. The exclusion criteria were those with ear discharge and tympanic membrane perforation. All the participants were made to wait for 10 minutes in the waiting hall to ensure temperature-controlled settings. We consecutively collected wrist, forehead, and tympanic temperature readings of all participants using infrared thermometers. Fever was defined as a temperature above 37.5degreeC. The data was analyzed using the Bland-Altmann plot in MS Excel 2016. Result(s): A total of 514 participants were enrolled in the study. The mean difference ranged from 2.10 to -2.00 for the forehead measurements and 2.00 to -2.00 for wrist measurements. The agreements for each method with tympanic temperature were calculated. (Forehead temperature: 1.23 to -1.17;Wrist temperature: 1.23 to -1.13). Conclusion(s): The study concluded that the wrist temperature was more stable than the forehead temperature. However, these methods did not provide any diagnostic cut-off value. Furthermore, the asymptomatic nature of some COVID-19 cases reduced the sensitivity of these tests. Further studies are advised to explore the validity of wrist temperature. Copyright © 2022 International Journal of Academic Medicine and Pharmacy. All rights reserved.

13.
Neumologia y Cirugia de Torax(Mexico) ; 81(2):103-108, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164708

RESUMO

Introduction: in the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the modification of the intubation technique using the aerosol box, in order to reduce exposure to aerosols generates anxiety in Health Workers (HCWs), by increasing the degree of difficulty and time of endotracheal intubation (IT). Simulated intubation environments allow to measured IT and also increase intubation ability and decrease IT. Objective(s): to measure IT pre (without box without training-SS-, with box without training-CS-, with box with training-CC-) and post educational maneuver. Material(s) and Method(s): retrospective, comparative, before and after;with physicians trained in a simulated environment. Result(s): n = 82, age 29 years (27 to 31 years), clinicians 69.5%, residents 82.9%. IT: SS 35 s (27-47.25 s), CS 39.5 s (28-56.5 s) and CC 22 seconds (17.5-30 s), p = 0.0001. Higher IT of clinical vs surgical physicians SS 39 s (30-52 s) versus 32 s (24-34 s), p = 0.004;CS 42 s (33-59 s) versus 28 s (21-43 s), p = 0.016;CC 25 s (20-35 s) versus 19 s (16-21 s) p = 0.018. Higher TI novice vs experienced SS 68 s (39-135 s) versus 34 s (27-46 s), p = 0.058;CS 144 s (84-210 s) versus 38 (28-54 s), p = 0.001, CC 46 s (30-55 s) versus 22 s (17-30 s), p = 0.030. Using the device without training increased IT, but post-training IT decreased in all groups-16 s (-26 to-7 s), which was more noticeable among novices-98 s (-163 to-45.5 s) and the clinical group-18.5 s (-32 to-7 s). Conclusion(s): the use of devices with training can be efficient in terms of IT, regardless the degree of experience and type of medical specialty. Copyright © 2022, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias. All rights reserved.

14.
Neumologia y Cirugia de Torax(Mexico) ; 81(2):80-85, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164707

RESUMO

Introduction and objective: more than a year after the emergence of COVID-19, many drug therapies have been considered, all based on a critical evaluation of the emerging literature. The main objective of our study was to know the pre-hospitalary treatment of patients with COVID-19. Material(s) and Method(s): we reviewed 101 clinical records of hospitalized patients at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cosio Villegas National (INER) diagnosed with COVID-19 during the second wave of the pandemic. A database was created, and descriptive statistics were performed using the software GraphPad Prism version 8. Result(s): the mean age of the patients was 52.3 (+/- 11.9) years. Patients received 4-5 medications as pre-hospital treatment;the most commonly prescribed medications were corticosteroids and antibiotics. Conclusion(s): COVID-19 patients received a large number of unnecessary medications during pre-hospital medical care;several of them were prescribed despite the lack of scientific evidence on their use and the national and international recommendations for treating the disease. Copyright © 2022, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias. All rights reserved.

15.
Acta Medica Mediterranea ; 38(6):4107-4113, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164430

RESUMO

Background: Video-sharing social media platforms are considered prominent sources of knowledge, particularly by young people. In this study, we aimed to categorize YouTube© videos in the Turkish language according to their contents and perform an evaluation based on DISCERN criteria. Method(s): After obtaining permission from the Ministry of Health, we performed a search on YouTube© by entering the keyword "koronavirus" (coronavirus in Turkish) on December 5, 2020. The most viewed 100 videos were investigated considering view counts, likes, dislikes, video durations, and date of upload. Then, the videos were divided into four categories as Interviews, News, Documentaries and Entertainment videos. DISCERN method (consisting of 15 key questions plus an overall quality rating) was applied to videos to investigate their quality. Each component was evaluated using a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (poor quality) to 5 (high quality). The groups were compared according to these variables. Also, the top 10 videos in each category were analysed in detail. Result(s): The videos cumulatively attracted 79.443.977 times and totaled 15.3 hours of duration. All four categories got low DISCERN scores (News: 2.6, Documentary: 3, Interview: 2.6, Entertainment: 2.8) indicating poor quality. The mean duration of videos in the News category was significantly shorter when compared to other categories (1,9 minutes, p<0,05). The number of mean views of videos in the Documentary category was significantly higher (n=929,999, p<0,05) than the News category (n=673,641). Entertainment videos were both liked and disliked significantly higher than the others (n=16.818, n=1.578, respectively, p<0,05). Only two government-supported public information videos could take place in the list and these videos gained the highest DISCERN scores (4 and 5, respectively). Interestingly, Entertainment videos achieved a higher DISCERN score when compared to the News and Interview videos. Conclusion(s): Social media is considered the main source of information by many individuals. However, our results revealed that people are under threat of misinformation spreading from social media. Health Organizations and social media representatives should work in collaboration to keep this platform clean. Copyright © 2022 A. CARBONE Editore. All rights reserved.

16.
European Research Journal ; 8(6):755-761, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164410

RESUMO

Objectives: We aimed to reveal how four different areas that are important in the functioning of the urology clinic (outpatient clinic, inpatient clinic, operating room, and consultations) were affected during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method(s): Patients admitted to the surgical branches between March 11, 2018 and March 10, 2021 were retrospectively evaluated in terms of their demographic data. The data between these dates were analyzed by dividing the patients into three groups as Groups A, B, and C for the pandemic period, the year before the pandemic, and two years before the pandemic, respectively. Result(s): A total of 1,222,967 patients were included in the study. During the pandemic period, the number of urology outpatient clinic admissions decreased by more than half compared to the previous years (37,471, 93,582, and 89,031 for Groups A, B, and C, respectively). Admissions to the urology inpatient clinic decreased both numerically and proportionally when compared to the other surgical branches (1,301 [5.1%] for Group A, 3,884 [7.7%] for Group B, and 3,761 [7.7%] for Group C]). While the mortality rate did not change proportionally in the urology clinic in all groups (0.3%), it increased both numerically and proportionally in all surgical branches (339 [1.3%], 304 [0.6%], and 256 [0.5%]). Conclusion(s): Admissions to the urology clinic were determined to have decreased during the pandemic compared to the pre-pandemic period, especially due to restriction measures taken by countries and concerns about the unknowns of the disease. As a result of this decrease, the number of operations and the number of hospitalized patients were also reduced. Although the mortality rate was not affected in the short-term followup of patients, long-term outcomes remain uncertain. ©Copyright © 2022 by Prusa Medical Publishing.

17.
Haseki Tip Bulteni ; 60(5):433-438, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2163947

RESUMO

Aim: Some symptoms of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) are more common in patients without pulmonary involvement and in patients with a good prognosis. Although it is known that smelling disorders are more common in patients with a good prognosis, their relationship with pulmonary involvement is unknown. This study ianvestigated the relationship between smell disorders and pulmonary involvement in COVID-19. Method(s): This cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2022 and July 2022 and included 60 COVID-19 patients with pulmonary involvement and 60 COVID-19 patients without pulmonary involvement. Phone-call interviews were performed with all patients 1 month after the diagnosis of COVID-19 and their sense of smell was questioned with a questionnaire. The prevalence of smell disorders, type and severity of smell disorders were questioned, and participants were asked to grade their answers from 0 to 10. Result(s): In 58 (48.3%) of the patients, smell disorders were found to be present. Hyposmia was detected in 35 (60.34%), and anosmia was detected in 23 (39.66%) of these patients. Smell disorder was present in 20 (33.3%) patients with pulmonary involvement and in 38 (63.3%) patients without pulmonary involvement. The prevalence of smell disorders was significantly higher in patients without pulmonary involvement (p=0.001). Hyposmia in 15 patients (25%) and anosmia in 5 patients (8.3%) were found in patients with pulmonary involvement. Hyposmia in 20 patients (33.3%) and anosmia in 5 patients (8.3%) were found in patients without pulmonary involvement. The prevalence of anosmia was significantly higher in patients without pulmonary involvement (p=0.003). The smell disorders were significantly more severe in patients without pulmonary involvement (p=0.042). Conclusion(s): Smell disorders are seen more frequently and more severely in patients without pulmonary involvement due to COVID-19 than in patients with pulmonary involvement. Copyright © 2022 by The Medical Bulletin of Istanbul Haseki Training and Research Hospital The Medical Bulletin of Haseki published by Galenos Yayinevi.

18.
Journal of Public Health in Africa ; 13(s2) (no pagination), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2163860

RESUMO

Demographic factors have been reported to worsen COVID-19 outcomes. However, there is limited evidence about the different effects of sex and age on COVID-19 death in East Jakarta, Indonesia. This study examined the association between sex and age with COVID-19 mortality. Using COVID-19 surveillance data of East Jakarta from March 2020 to December 2021, we calculat-ed COVID-19 mortality and examined the risk of COVID-19 death by sex and age. The risk of COVID-19 death associated with sex and age was examined by using Multiple Logistic Regression. A total of 202.412 cases were analyzed and 1.9% of them died. The elderly had a 41.88-folds increased risk of COVID-19 mortality than younger patients (<45 years) (aOR 41.88;95% CI 37.49-46.77;p-value <0.0001). Male had a higher risk of COVID-19 death compared to female (aOR 1.27;95% CI 1.19-1.35;p-value <0.0001). Age and sex had a significant association with COVID-19 mortality. Adequate management of COVID-19 cases, particularly in the elderly and male patients, may reduce the severity of COVID-19 or even mortality. Copyright © the Author(s),2022.

19.
Acta Hepatologica Japonica ; 63(12):538-540, 2022.
Artigo em Japonês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2162864

RESUMO

We describe our experience with COVID-19 after pediatric liver transplantation (LT). In this study, we analyzed 18 of 196 children who contracted COVID-19 after LT during outpatient follow-up at our department. The severity of COVID-19 was mild in all cases, and all cases were cured without sequelae. COVID-19 after LT in children may have a high risk of severe disease. However, the disease is relatively mild and may be cured. Copyright © 2022 The Japan Society of Hepatology.

20.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S540, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2162461

RESUMO

Introduction: Discovered in December 2019, COVID has affected the entire planet, through direct exposure to its virus;SARS-COV- 2, or indirectly through the media, Indeed, on January 20, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to be "a public health emergency of international concern." Along with other public health crises and other collective trauma (terrorism, H1N1 epidemic or SARS-COV), exposure to publicized information on this virus generates psychiatric disorders, in particular anxiety and absence of well-being. Objective(s): To link exposure to information about this pandemic through social media and anxiety and lack of well-being. Method(s): Use of a questionnaire consisting of three sections, individual status and conditions, the French versions of the GAD-7 scale for anxiety (Generalized anxiety scale of 7items) and the WHO-5 (five well-being index). This questionnaire is dedicated to the general population who have not been in direct contact with the virus, but through the media. Result(s): We were able to collect 209 participants, they were essentially females with a mean age of 28yo, 17,7% had psychiatric history of anxiety and depression, the median use of social medias was 5.7 hours per day. And they were essentially getting their information about the pandemic from Instagram, Facebook, the Moroccan ministry of health's website and electronic newspapers. 31,1% of our participants had anxiety which was above a Chinese study, and had a poor well-being. Conclusion(s): the use of social media to get information about the pandemic had an impact on well-being and anxiety.

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