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1.
Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice Conference: 21st Symposium of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners, ISOPP ; 29(2 Supplement), 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245493

RESUMO

The proceedings contain 109 papers. The topics discussed include: dose intensity of palbociclib and initial body weight dosage: implications on progression free survival in 220 patients with ER+/HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer;characteristics of Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir (Paxlovid) recipients and clinical interventions by oncology pharmacists at a tertiary outpatient cancer center;safe handling of non-carcinogenic drugs in the Ghent University Hospital: development, implementation and communication of hospital-specific guidelines;case series: use of olaparib in uncommon locations in patients with impaired homologous recombination;real-world data evaluation of medicines used in special situations in oncohematology: a retrospective study from a comprehensive cancer institution;Dostarlimab in the treatment of recurrent endometrial cancer: real life experience;medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws and CDK4/6 inhibitors in breast cancer;and efficacy and safety outcomes of generic imatinib in adults with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) following the switch from branded imatinib.

2.
Dev World Bioeth ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20241082

RESUMO

In Brazil, abortion is only allowed in cases of rape, serious risk to a woman's life or fetal anecephaly. Legal abortion services cover less than 4% of the Brazilian territory and only 1,800 procedures are performed, in average, per year. During the COVID-19 pandemic, almost half of the already few Brazilian abortion clinics shut down and women had to travel even longer distances, reaching abortion services at later gestational ages. In this paper, we describe three bottom-up advocacy strategies that emerged from difficulties deepened during the COVID-19 pandemic at a single abortion service in Brazil, amidst anti-gender policies from the federal government. Telemedicine abortion, outpatient surgical abortion and the provision of abortion after 20 weeks' gestation are important strategies that may reduce inequalities that impact the most vulnerable populations, such as black and indigenous women, children, adolescents and women experiencing domestic violence.

3.
Am J Infect Control ; 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20240431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) focus on decreasing unnecessary antibiotics. We describe the impact of an outpatient ASP on choice, dose, and duration of antibiotics when used for common infections in pediatric urgent care (PUC) centers. METHODS: We reviewed encounters at 4 PUC centers within our organization for patients 6 months to 18 years old with acute otitis media, group A streptococcal pharyngitis, community-acquired pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and skin and soft tissue infections who received systemic antibiotics. We determined appropriate antibiotic choice, dose, and duration for each diagnosis. Pearson's χ² test compared appropriate prescribing before ASP implementation (July 2017-July 2018) and postimplementation (August 2018-December 2020). Control charts trended improvement over time. RESULTS: Our study included 35,917 encounters. The percentage of prescriptions with the recommend agent at the appropriate dose and duration increased from a mean of 32.7% to 52.4%. The center lines for appropriate agent, dose, and duration all underwent upward shifts. The most substantial changes were seen in antibiotic duration (63.2%-80.5%), and appropriate dose (64.6%-77%). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of an outpatient ASP improved prescribing patterns for choosing the appropriate agent, duration, and dose for many common infections in our PUCs.

4.
Surg Endosc ; 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20236285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic created delays in surgical care. The population with obesity has a high risk of death from COVID-19. Prior literature shows the most effective way to combat obesity is by weight loss surgery. At different times throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, elective inpatient surgeries have been halted due to bed availability. Recognizing that major complications following bariatric surgery are extremely low (bleeding 0-4%, anastomotic leaks 0.8%), we felt outpatient bariatric surgery would be safe for low-risk patients. Complications such as DVT, PE, infection, and anastomotic leaks typically present after 7 days postoperatively, well outside the usual length of stay. Bleeding events, severe postoperative nausea, and dehydration typically occur in the first few days postoperatively. We designed a pathway focused on detecting and preventing these early post-op complications to allow safe outpatient bariatric surgery. METHODS: We used a preoperative evaluation tool to risk stratify bariatric patients. During a 16-month period, 89 patients were identified as low risk for outpatient surgery. We designed a postoperative protocol that included IV hydration and PO intake goals to meet a safe discharge. We sent patients home with a pulse oximeter and had them self-monitor their pulse and oxygen saturation. We called all patients at 10 pm for a postoperative assessment and report of their vitals. Patients returned to clinic the following day and were seen by a provider, received IV hydration, and labs were drawn. RESULTS: 80 of 89 patients (89.8%) were successfully discharged on POD 0. 3 patients were readmitted within 30 days. We had zero deaths in our study cohort and no morbidity that would have been prevented with postoperative admission. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that by identifying low-risk patients for outpatient bariatric surgery and by implementing remote monitoring of vitals early outpatient follow-up, we were able to safely perform outpatient bariatric surgery.

5.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 33(2): 996-998, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20235792

RESUMO

AIM: Dermatological care has already been deeply impacted by the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. The consequences may continue long after the epidemic resolves. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the change of dermatological practice since the COVID-19 outbreak is almost controlled in mainland China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients requesting a dermatology outpatient visit from January to May in 2019 and 2020 were retrospectively investigated. RESULTS: The number of patients decreased significantly shortly after the COVID-19 outbreak, and it started to increase after the spread of coronavirus was gradually controlled at the end of February in China. The three most common diseases were atopic dermatitis (11.0%), acne (10.2%), and warts (7.2%) in 2019, while acne (8.9%), warts (5.8%), and acute urticaria (5.6%) in 2020. The most statistically significant increased reasons for requesting an outpatient visit from March to May in 2020 was pet-related dermatophytoses, followed by cosmetic consultation and irritated contact dermatitis, an increase of 88.2%, 84.7%, and 58.8%, respectively, over the same period of 2019. CONCLUSION: Understanding the trends and impacts of dermatologic diseases on patients and health systems during this epidemic will allow for better preparation of dermatologists in the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Dermatopatias , Verrugas , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia , Dermatopatias/terapia
6.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20233171

RESUMO

This study was performed to present a single operator's experience of in-office (outside of a hospital setting) outpatient orthognathic surgery over a period of 12 years. A total of 254 surgeries were performed during this period. Average procedure times were comparable with published results from studies of similar material. The mean operating time for bimaxillary surgery (n = 21) was 3 hours and 11 minutes. Regarding single-jaw procedures, the mean operating time for Le Fort I osteotomy (n = 115) was 2 hours and 14 minutes and for bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (n = 118) was 2 hours and 1 minute. All patients were discharged from the office the same day, except one patient who was transported to the hospital after surgery due to an anaesthetic complication. This patient was discharged from the hospital later the same day. In this setting, outpatient orthognathic surgery is both safe and practical when careful attention is given to patient preparation and selection. Emergency phone contact with the surgeon in case of complications is important to avoid unnecessary hospitalization.

7.
J Hand Microsurg ; 14(3): 205-211, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20231964

RESUMO

Introduction The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an international public health emergency. Health systems must plan for the increasing requirements for critical care during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this article is to offer strategies for hand surgeons to planning and implementing their response during the COVID-19 pandemic and in the subsequent phases to preserve health care system functioning. Materials and Methods Assessment of the principles of management related to COVID-19 management to develop pandemic preparedness and response protocols pertinent to patients, health care workers, and health systems. Results Strategies for the reorganizing hand surgery practice and a set of recommendations that should facilitate the process of rescheduling both out-patient service and surgical activities during the COVID-19 and its subsequent phases are suggested. Conclusion During the COVID-19 pandemic, management of patients requiring specialist care for hand conditions should be adapted to limit the risks associated with the virus without jeopardizing outcomes. These expedient recommendations during extraordinary circumstances are a foundation for further discussion on the topic as the COVID-19 pandemic evolves.

8.
Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital ; 12(1):1-4, 2021.
Artigo em Chinês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245257

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) poses a challenge to hospitals for the prevention and control of public health emergencies. As the main battlefield of preventing and controlling COVID-19, large public hospitals should develop service protocols of diagnosis and treatment for outpatient, emergency, hospitalization, surgery, and discharge. The construction of medical protocols should be based on the risk factors of key points and focused on pre-inspection triage and screening, to establish a rapid response mechanism to deal with exogenous and endogenous risk factors. Implementation of all-staff training and assessment, strengthening the information system, and use of medical internet service are important. This study explores the construction of medical protocols in large public hospitals during the pandemic, and provides a reference for the orderly diagnosis and treatment in hospitals during the pandemic.Copyright © 2021, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. All rights reserved.

9.
Academic Journal of Naval Medical University ; 43(11):1285-1287, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244926

RESUMO

The epidemic caused by the infection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 omicron variant broke out in Shanghai in Mar. 2022. Omicron variant has characteristics such as strong concealment and rapid transmission, resulting in significant differences between the current round of epidemic and that in Wuhan. The number of infected patients (mainly asymptomatic infected patients) increased rapidly in a short term. Based on dynamic zero policy, shelter hospitals were set up in time in Shanghai to treat the patients. It is suggested that medical resources and patient characteristics should be taken into account in the independent cabin of a shelter hospital with more than 10 000 beds, and the clinical medical practice should be divided to 5 modes (universal education and management, community outpatient clinic, ward duty, emergency rescue, and temporary observation and transport) to optimize the allocation of medical resources, so as to further enhance the treatment capacity and efficiency of shelter hospitals.Copyright © 2022, Second Military Medical University Press. All rights reserved.

10.
Journal of Vascular Surgery ; 77(6):e237, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244337

RESUMO

Objectives: Evidence demonstrates that when hospitals focus on the discharge process patient safety improves and overall costs decline. Hospital discharge requires care coordination of multiple disciplines, often leading to fragmented care, and adverse outcomes after discharge include emergency department visits and hospital readmissions. The Re-Engineered Discharge (RED) process was developed as an evidence-based strategy to improve the hospital discharge. We evaluated perspectives and priorities of physicians, health care workers, and patients involved in the vascular discharge process using RED as a framework. Method(s): A single-center qualitative analysis using a semi-structured focus groups and an interview guide based on the RED process. Focus groups were Zoom platform recorded, transcribed into text files, independently coded, and analyzed with Dedoose qualitative software using a directed content analysis approach. Thematic concepts were created, and comparisons between groups were analyzed by coding frequency. Researchers independently thematically coded each transcript;prior to analysis, all redundancy of codes was resolved;and all team members agreed on text categorization and coding frequency. Result(s): Eight focus groups with 38 participants were performed. Participants included: physicians (n = 13), nursing and ancillary staff (n = 19), and patients/caregivers (n = 6). Transcript analyses revealed facilitators and barriers to discharge. Overarching themes identified from the qualitative analysis frequencies are displayed by stakeholder role (Fig 1). Themes identified with the greatest coding frequencies included helpfulness of discharge instructions, patient health literacy, patient medical complexity, poor interdisciplinary team communication, time constraints during discharge, technology literacy of patients, barriers to obtaining medications for patients, barriers to organizing outpatient services for health care workers, barriers for patients to obtain help after discharge, and the impact of COVID-19. Conclusion(s): These findings identify the need to strengthen efforts to overcome stakeholder barriers to improve patient safety at the interface of the hospital to create a well-organized discharge. Physicians were most concerned with low patient health literacy, patient understanding of discharge instructions, organizing outpatient services, and overall patient medical complexity hindering a smooth discharge. Health care staff identified time constraints, obtaining medications and, and inter-team communication as their greatest obstacles to an organized discharge. Patients found the complexity and amount of discharge instructions, the impact of COVID-19 on support systems, and technology utilization after discharge most challenging. Modifications to address individual stakeholder barriers within the discharge process are needed to develop a national standardized discharge specific for vascular surgery patients to improve patient safety and satisfaction. [Formula presented]Copyright © 2023

11.
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche ; 182(4):184-190, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vaccines are one of the most important weapons in protection against diseases, especially pandemics lacking available treatment. The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of individuals presenting to family medicine polyclinics for COVID-19 and influenza vaccines. METHOD(S): The cross-sectional descriptive study comprised healthy individuals who presented to family medicine polyclinics in Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkiye between 10 December 2020 and 31 January 2021. Data on participants' knowledge and attitudes for COVID-19 and influenza vaccines were collected through questionnaire surveys. In total, 521 individuals aged older than 18 years were included in the study. RESULT(S): If a COVID-19 vaccine were available, 34.4% (N.=179) of respondents would be vaccinated, and 35.3% (N.=184) of respondents would not consider vaccination. Of those considering COVID-19 vaccination, 55.3% (N.=99) of respondents deemed the vaccine an effective way of providing protection against the virus. Increased willingness to have the COVID-19 vaccine was associated with the following factors: considering the influenza vaccine an effective protection method (P<0.001), a history of influenza vaccination (P=0.003), and concern about COVID-19 related death rates (P=0.008). CONCLUSION(S): The most common reasons for COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and refusal were fear of vaccine-related side effects and a lack of perceived research evidence on the vaccine. Having a positive view of the influenza vaccine had a positive impact on attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccine.Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA.

12.
Pediatric Dermatology ; 40(Supplement 2):56, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20243881

RESUMO

Objectives: Acne is a leading skin problem in adolescents. After the end of COVID-19 pandemic, with the gradual transition to the routine life, we started to encounter more severe forms of acne in the last 6-month than we had seen before in the 10 year period of our Paediatric Dermatology outpatient clinic. Method(s): We evaluated the demographic and clinical characteristics, COVID infection and vaccination status, and treatment of patients who were treated at our Paediatric Dermatology outpatient clinic in the last 6 months due to severe acne. Result(s): One of our patients had acne fulminans, and four patients had acne conglobata. The common features of these patients presenting with severe acne were that they were young boys aged 15- 16 years, medium height, normal weight, and skin type 3-4. All patients had a family history of acne in their parents. They had no known comorbidities, additional treatment, history of nutritional supplement use, or accompanying arthralgia or arthritis. Four patients were initially treated with isotretinoin for severe acne, developed acne conglobata, and one developed acne fulminans during the follow-up period. Dapsone therapy was initiated in all patients according to the severity of the lesions, and adalimumab was administered to acne fulminans. Discussion(s): The frequent occurrence of severe forms of acne after the pandemic raises the question of whether COVID-19 infection or vaccination may play a role in its aetiology. Cases of mask-related acne exacerbation during COVID-19 have been well-described in the literature. However, there are no data on the effects of COVID-19 vaccination or infection on the development of severe acne. In this report, we present cases of adolescent patients with severe acne to investigate the possible reasons for the increasing number of severe acne cases presenting to our outpatient clinic during the postpandemic period.

13.
Medical Visualization ; 26(4):11-22, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20243401

RESUMO

During the pandemic COVID-19, there has been an increase in the number of patients with non-anginal chest pain at cardiologist appointments. Objective. To assess the incidence of signs of pleurisy and pericarditis after COVID-19 in non-comorbid patients with atypical chest pain and describe their characteristics according to echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. Materials and methods. From February 2021 to January 2022, 200 outpatients were prospectively enrolled in the study, all of them suffered from a discomfort in the heart region for the first time after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Inclusion criteria: 18-50 years old, 5-12 weeks after SARS-CoV-2 infection, non-anginal chest pain. Exclusion criteria: pneumonia or signs of pulmonary thromboembolism, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure or kidney disease, clinical or laboratory signs of myocarditis, oncopathology, radiation or chemotherapy of the chest in past medical history. A survey was conducted (yes/no) for the presence of general malaise, quality of life deterioration, hyperthermia, cough. Ultrasound examination of the pericardium and pleura to detect effusion or post-inflammatory changes was performed in accordance with the recommendations. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed if ultrasound imaging was poor or there was no evidence of pericardial or pleural involvement in patients with typical symptoms. Results. 82 women and 118 men were included. Median of age 39 [28-46] years old. Pericarditis was diagnosed in 152 (76%) patients, including effusive pericarditis in 119 (78%), myocarditis in 6 (3%) and myopericarditis in 49 (25%) patients, pleurisy was detected in 22 (11%) patients, exudative pleurisy - in 11 (5.5%) patients with a predominant unilateral lesion of the mediastinal-diaphragmatic region adjacent to the heart. Hyperthermia was recorded in 2.5% of cases, general malaise - in 60% and a decrease in the quality of life - in 84%. Conclusion. Serositis as a cause of atypical chest pain among young non-comorbid patients in early postCOVID was identified in 87% of patients. In the coming years, it is probably worthwhile to perform ultrasound of the pericardium and pleura in all patients with chest pain.Copyright © 2022 Infectious Diseases: News, Opinions, Training.

14.
General Medicine ; 25(1):16-24, 2023.
Artigo em Búlgaro | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20243325

RESUMO

The aim of the current study was to assess the influence of the first wave of COVID-19 (March- June 2020) on individuals with depression and anxiety, evaluating the impact of different groups of factors in a complex (holistic) manner. Material(s) and Method(s): The study is cross-sectional, including outpatients with depressive and anxiety disorders in remission (n = 60), outpatients in relapse (n = 65), a group of healthy controls (n = 30), and a control group with relatives of the patients with depression and anxiety (n = 30) for the period July-October 2020. Socio-demographic factors, the presence of somatic comorbidity and risk factors related to it, and the need for medical care during the first COVID wave were analyzed. Result(s): Patients with deteriorated anxiety disorders have a significantly lower educational status (p < 0.001) in comparison to the other groups. Individuals with deteriorated major depressive disorder and controls-relatives have significantly more somatic comorbidity compared to healthy controls (p < 0.05). Individuals with anxiety disorders do not differ from healthy controls on this measure. Visits to medical specialists in those with worsening depression increased during the analyzed period but were comparable to the control groups. In persons with anxiety - worsened or in remission, there is a significant increase in this indicator compared to healthy controls (p < 0.05). Conclusion(s): In the conditions of the first COVIDwave, individuals with worsened depression, as well as relatives of anxious and depressed patients have significantly more somatic problems compared to healthy controls. However, individuals with anxiety but not depression seek significantly more healthcare consultations, despite the isolation. The holistic approach implies a complex assessment of somatic and mental comorbidity and the need for additional knowledge and resources in the service of persons with anxiety and depression, although there is relatively easy access to consultation care in our country.Copyright © 2023, Central Medical Library Medical University - Sofia. All rights reserved.

15.
Clinical Epileptology ; 36(1):45-51, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20243284

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the course of COVID-19 infections and the tolerability of the mRNA vaccines of Moderna and Pfizer/BioNTech and the viral vector vaccines from Astra Zeneca and Johnson & Johnson in adult patients with epilepsy (PWE). Method(s): From July 2020 to July 2021, we consecutively included adult outpatients with confirmed epilepsy. These PWE were interviewed about COVID-19 infections and vaccinations. Results of follow-up visits were added until the cut-off date (December 31, 2021). The data of COVID-19-infected without vaccinations or fully vaccinated PWE without COVID-19 infections were analyzed. Full vaccination was defined as a double vaccination with the Pfizer/BionTech, Moderna, or Astra Zeneca vaccines or a single Johnson & Johnson vaccination. Result(s): At cut-off, 612 of 1152 PWE fulfilled the inclusion criteria: 51 PWE had been infected without vaccination and 561 had full vaccination without infection. Among the infected PWE, 76.5% presented with symptoms;9.8% had a severe course (one death). The leading symptoms were influenza-like disorders (48.7% of infected PWE with symptoms), anosmia (28.2%), and ageusia (20.5%). Seizure increases or relapses after sustained seizure freedom occurred in 7.8%. Adverse events (AEs) were reported by 113 vaccinated PWE (20.1% of all vaccinated PWE). The leading AEs were fatigue, fever, and headache. The AE rate per vaccine was 14.0% for Pfizer/BionTech, 32.7% for Moderna, 25.8% for Astra Zeneca, and 46.2% for Johnson & Johnson. Of the AEs, 93.3% lasted <=1 week. Seizure increase or relapse occurred in 1.4% and was significantly less frequent than in the infected group (p= 0.0016). Conclusion(s): The course of COVID-19 infections and the tolerability of the vaccines were similar as in the general population, yet, seizure worsening occurred more often after the infection than after the vaccination.Copyright © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, part of Springer Nature.

16.
Value in Health ; 26(6 Supplement):S243, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20243263

RESUMO

Objectives: Investigate the utilization of cycled antineoplastic therapies (where dosages vary per monthly supply) for various cancers among Medicare-eligible patients, and medical costs and outcomes associated with discontinuation gaps in monthly adherence. Method(s): This retrospective study used the MarketScan Supplemental and Coordination of Benefits Design databases from 2019-2020. Discontinuations were calculated for 2020 utilizing cycled medications (8 generic products) from 6 therapeutic categories, where discontinuation was defined as the first gap in medication supply during the last 6 months of the year at intervals of >=1.5*prior supply. Continuous enrollment was required, as were ICD oncology diagnosis codes for those at least 65 years of age. New to therapy/diagnosis was inferred from 2019 metric files. Patients were excluded if hospice care and inpatient transplant services were indicated. Models examined adherence level (discontinued or not) and 10 covariates (including COVID-19 indications), with interaction terms, for significant associations with medical costs (inpatient and outpatient), hospitalizations, and length of hospital stay (LOS). Result(s): Patients who met metric criteria (n=1,357;Mean age 73.9) had a discontinuation rate of 16.7%. A total of 64.0% were new to therapy/diagnosis and 5.2% were identified having COVID-19 in 2020. However, COVID-19 was not significantly correlated with a discontinuation. Hospitalization rate was at 30.3% with mean LOS=9.8. Models found significant discontinuation effects with increased total medical costs ($11,977, p<.03), odds of hospitalization (2.7, p<.0001), and LOS (5.4, p<.03). COVID-19 patients had significantly higher total medical costs ($18,145, p<.007), odds of hospitalization (6.3, p<.0001), and non-oncology LOS (4.6, p<.009). Significant covariate interactions are discussed in the poster. Conclusion(s): Medication adherence (fewer gaps in medication coverage) on cycled oral antineoplastics can lead to lower medical costs and fewer hospitalization events or LOS as compared to lower adherence levels. This was independent of COVID-19 indications that were associated with increased costs, hospitalization, and non-cancer LOS.Copyright © 2023

17.
International Journal of Gastrointestinal Intervention ; 12(2):103-104, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20242860

RESUMO

We retrospectively report a case of rapid exchange of a percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy tube (balloon-occluded type catheter) via off-label use of a pigtail catheter for nutrition supply during a very early episode of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in an outpatient clinic. This case demonstrates that minimally invasive percutaneous procedures might be provided safely and effectively under appropriate precautions for preventing COVID-19 transmission during the pandemic.Copyright © 2023, Society of Gastrointestinal Intervention.

18.
Clinical Immunology ; Conference: 2023 Clinical Immunology Society Annual Meeting: Immune Deficiency and Dysregulation North American Conference. St. Louis United States. 250(Supplement) (no pagination), 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20242723

RESUMO

Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to significant morbidity and mortality in lung transplant recipients (LTR). Respiratory viral infections may be associated with de-novo HLA donor-specific antibody (DSA) production and impact lung transplant outcome. Since one of the immunomodulation strategies post-SARS-CoV-2 infection in LTR include decreasing or holding anti-metabolites, concerns have been raised for higher incidence of de-novo DSA production in LTR. Method(s): We performed a retrospective chart review of 80 consecutive LTR diagnosed with COVID-19 to investigate this concern. COVID-19 disease severity was divided into 3 groups: mild, moderate, and severe. Mild disease was defined as patients with COVID-19 diagnosis who were stable enough to be treated as out-patients. Moderate disease was defined as patients who required admission to the hospital and were on less than 10 liters of oxygen at rest. Severe disease was identified as patients who required hospitalization and were on more than 10 liters of oxygen with or without mechanical ventilation or extra corporal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Groups were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Result(s): A total of 23, 47, and 10 LTR were diagnosed with mild, moderate, and severe COVID-19 respectively. De-novo HLA DSAwere detected in 0/23 (0%), 3/47 (6.3%), and 4/10 (40%) LTR with mild, moderate, and severe COVID-19 respectively (p = 0.0007) within 6 months post-COVID-19 diagnosis. Conclusion(s): Severe COVID-19 may be associated with increased risk of de novo HLA DSA production resulting in allograft dysfunction.Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc.

19.
Value in Health ; 26(6 Supplement):S117-S118, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20242321

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the direct medical costs of patients with post COVID-19 condition in a Colombian insurance company with more than 2.5 million affiliates. Method(s): We conducted a bottom-up cost-of-illness study of adults with persistent symptoms after at least three months of hospital discharge due to COVID-19. We surveyed patients that were hospitalized between March 2020 and August 2021. We asked about healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), which included laboratories and images, medications, consults, rehospitalizations, and others, associated with post COVID-19 condition. The answers were verified using the company's outpatient and inpatient service authorization records. Costs were estimated from the third payer perspective and expressed in American dollars using an exchange rate of 1USD$=3,743COP. Result(s): We included 202 participants, 51.5% were male, mean age of 55.6 years old, 49% had a comorbidity (41.9% hypertension), and 46 patients (22.8%) required an intensive care unit. A total of 159 (78.7%) patients reported at least one symptom after discharge. Of these, 132 (65.3%) persisted with at least one symptom during the telephone survey. Seventy-five (47.2%) of the 159 patients with persistent symptoms reported HCRU. Of these, 93.3% consulted a physician (mean consultations: 2.1 SD 1.1;mean consultations with specialists: 2.4 SD 2.0), and 9.3% were re-hospitalized. The average direct medical costs of post COVID-19 condition were US$824 (95%CI 195-1,454). Costs in outpatient were US$373 (95%CI 158-588), and in inpatient, US$3,285 (95%CI -167-6,738). Conclusion(s): It is crucial to follow up and identify patients discharged from the hospital who persist with symptoms after three months since we observed a greater HCRU, including prolonged recovery therapiesCopyright © 2023

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