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1.
Fisioterapia ; 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2317483

RESUMO

Introduction: The critically ill patient hospitalized in intensive care unit (ICU), has a higher risk of deterioration in physical function. One way to counteract its related to early physiotherapy intervention, but there are few reports in patients with severe disease from COVID-19. Objective: To describe the compromise and change in functionality and muscle strength in patients with COVID-19 who received early physiotherapy intervention in ICU until hospital discharge and compare the evolution according to whether or not they received invasive mechanical ventilation. Methodology: Retrospective study of patients with COVID-19 admitted to the ICU between March and September 2020 and received physiotherapy intervention. Functionality was assessed with the Barthel Index (BI) and muscle strength with the Medical Research Council Sum Score (MRC-SS), which were measured by the physiotherapist at two moments, upon discharge from ICU and from hospitalization. For the correlations, a value P<.05 was considered significant. Results: Sixty-six records were reviewed;the mean age was 53.3 (32±11.5) years;32 (48.5%) required mechanical ventilation. Compromise in functionality and muscle strength was observed, with progressive improvement before hospital discharge: IB [64.1 (± 34.7) vs. 87.7 (± 18.4), P =.000], MRC-SS [40.5 (± 11) vs. 48 (± 9), P =.000]. The group of ventilated patients presented greater compromise: IB [34.2 (± 24.7) vs. 76.7 (± 21.2), P =.000] and MRC-SS [31.5 (± 7.2) vs. 42.3 (± 8.3), P =.000]. The days of mechanical ventilation, relaxation, and higher APACHE II showed a significant negative correlation with the outcome variables (P =.000). Conclusions: Patients with severe disease from COVID-19 who received physiotherapy intervention, showed significant changes in functionality and muscle strength. The patients who required mechanical ventilation presented greater functional compromise. © 2023 Asociación Española de Fisioterapeutas

2.
Physiotherapy Canada ; 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2311080

RESUMO

Purpose: The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) and station examinations, in general, have been widely utilized in health professional programmes to evaluate students' clinical performance prior to advancing to a clinical placement. The COVID-19 pandemic impacted student preparation and implementation of our programme's OSCEs. The impact on changes in student OSCE performance due COVID-19 has not been well studied. This non-concurrent cohort study evaluated the difference pre- and during COVID-19 pandemic on Year 1 physiotherapy students' performances on an in-person OSCE by estimating the mean difference in cohort OSCE scores and safety occurrences. Methods: Two cohorts of MSc (PT) students were compared: Cohort A (not impacted by COVID-19) and Cohort B (impacted by COVID-19). Cohort scores were summarized as means and 95% CI. Results: Overall OSCE scores for Cohort A and B were 77.9 and 81.9, respectively ( d over bar = 4.0, 95% CI: 2.1, 5.8). Cohort B students were approximately 4 times more likely to demonstrate safety occurrences. Conclusion: The impact of COVID-19 did not adversely affect total OSCE scores, however, it did increase safety infractions.

3.
Fisioterapia ; 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2310051

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción El paciente crítico hospitalizado en cuidado intensivo (UCI) tiene más riesgo de deterioro en la función física. Una forma de contrarrestarlo está relacionada con la intervención temprana de fisioterapia, pero son escasos los reportes en pacientes con enfermedad severa por COVID-19. Objetivo Describir el compromiso y cambio en la funcionalidad y en la fuerza muscular en pacientes con COVID-19 que recibieron intervención temprana de fisioterapia en UCI hasta el alta hospitalaria, y comparar la evolución de acuerdo con si recibieron ventilación mecánica invasiva o no. Metodología Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes con COVID-19 que ingresaron a UCI entre marzo y septiembre del 2020 y recibieron intervención de fisioterapia. La funcionalidad se evaluó con el índice Barthel (IB) y la fuerza muscular con el Medical Research Council Sum Score (MRC-SS), los cuales fueron medidos por el fisioterapeuta de turno en dos momentos, al egreso de UCI y de hospitalización. Se consideró el valor p < 0,05 como significativo. Resultados Se revisaron 66 registros;la edad promedio fue de 53,3 (32 ± 11,5) años;32 (48,5%) requirieron ventilación mecánica. Se observó compromiso en la funcionalidad y en la fuerza muscular, con mejoría progresiva antes del egreso hospitalario: IB [64,1 (± 34,7) vs. 87,7 (± 18,4) p = 0,000], MRC-SS [40,5 (± 11) vs. 48 (± 9) p = 0,000]. El grupo de pacientes ventilados presentó mayor compromiso IB [34,2 (± 24,7) vs. 76,7 (± 21,2) p = 0,000] y MRC-SS [31,5 (± 7,2) vs. 42,3 (± 8,3) p = 0,000]. Los días de ventilación mecánica, de relajación, y mayor APACHE II mostraron una correlación negativa significativa con las variables de resultado (p = 0,000). Conclusiones Los pacientes con enfermedad severa por COVID-19 que recibieron intervención de fisioterapia mostraron cambios significativos en la funcionalidad y en la fuerza muscular. Los pacientes que requirieron ventilación mecánica presentaron mayor compromiso funcional. Introduction The critically ill patient hospitalized in intensive care unit (ICU), has a higher risk of deterioration in physical function. One way to counteract its related to early physiotherapy intervention, but there are few reports in patients with severe disease from COVID-19. Objective To describe the compromise and change in functionality and muscle strength in patients with COVID-19 who received early physiotherapy intervention in ICU until hospital discharge and compare the evolution according to whether or not they received invasive mechanical ventilation. Methodology Retrospective study of patients with COVID-19 admitted to the ICU between March and September 2020 and received physiotherapy intervention. Functionality was assessed with the Barthel Index (BI) and muscle strength with the Medical Research Council Sum Score (MRC-SS), which were measured by the physiotherapist at two moments, upon discharge from ICU and from hospitalization. For the correlations, a value P<.05 was considered significant. Results Sixty-six records were reviewed;the mean age was 53.3 (32±11.5) years;32 (48.5%) required mechanical ventilation. Compromise in functionality and muscle strength was observed, with progressive improvement before hospital discharge: IB [64.1 (± 34.7) vs. 87.7 (± 18.4), P = .000], MRC-SS [40.5 (± 11) vs. 48 (± 9), P = .000]. The group of ventilated patients presented greater compromise: IB [34.2 (± 24.7) vs. 76.7 (± 21.2), P = .000] and MRC-SS [31.5 (± 7.2) vs. 42.3 (± 8.3), P = .000]. The days of mechanical ventilation, relaxation, and higher APACHE II showed a significant negative correlation with the outcome variables (P = .000). Conclusions Patients with severe disease from COVID-19 who received physiotherapy intervention, showed significant changes in functionality and muscle strength. The patients who required mechanical ventilation presented greater functional compromise.

4.
Minerva Pediatrics ; 75(2):260-269, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2299352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has quickly become a worldwide threat to health, travel, and commerce. Studies adressing the clinical-functional presentation of viral infection and physiotherapy management in children are scarce. The purpose statement was to provide current perspectives on the physiotherapy interventions for managing children based on COVID-19 evidence. METHODS: In this review, databases were searched between January 1, and March 26, 2020. The following descriptors were considered in the electronic databases National Library of Medicine (PubMed/Medline), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro): (novel Coronavirus), (novel corona virus), Coronavirus, (corona virus), 2019-nCoV, nCovor, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2. The results were described through the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. RESULTS: Sixteen papers were included in this review. COVID-19 seems to lead to restriction of participation and interfere in tasks, such as recreation and leisure activities, respiratory muscle function and exercise tolerance. Personal protective equipments and contact precautions are important part of treatment. Effective oxygen therapy should be given immediately in presence of hypoxia. Nasal high-flow oxygen therapy, noninvasive ventilation, lung-protective ventilation strategies and prone position, should be undertaken when necessary under appropriate conditions. Airway clearance techniques should be administered only strictly needed and early activities must be encouraged. CONCLUSIONS: Potential physiotherapy interventions for children with COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 consist of ventilatory management, airway clearance techniques and early activities and mobilization.

5.
J Telemed Telecare ; : 1357633X221100059, 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2235182

RESUMO

Parsonage-Turner Syndrome or neuralgic amyotrophy is a peripheral neuropathy typically characterized by an abrupt onset of pain, followed by progressive neurological deficits (e.g. weakness, atrophy, occasionally sensory abnormalities) that involve the upper limb, mainly the shoulder, encompassing an extensive spectrum of clinical manifestations, somehow difficult to recognize. This case report describes the proper management of a 35-year-old, bank employee and sports amateur who reported subtle and progressive upper limb disorder with previous history of neck pain. SARS-CoV-2 pandemic era made patient's access to the healthcare system more complicated. Nevertheless, proper management of knowledge, relevant aspects of telerehabilitation-based consultation for musculoskeletal pain, advanced skills, tools and technologies led the physiotherapist to suspect an atypical presentation of Parsonage-Turner Syndrome. Further, neurologist consultation and electromyography suggested signs of denervation in the serratus anterior and supraspinatus muscle. Therefore, an appropriate physiotherapist's screening for referral is conducted to correct diagnosis and thorough treatment.

6.
Indian Journal of Respiratory Care ; 11(3):234-239, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2201832

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is a novel coronavirus that is responsible for the current pandemic. In earlier studies, loss of respiratory function had been observed in survivors. The degree of respiratory function loss and if any early intervention may reduce or prevent it remains an issue to be clarified. The study aimed to investigate the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation through a supporting device on COVID-19 patients during a follow-up period of 1 month. Materials and Methods: In this study, patients were selected among those who had applied to emergency service, were evaluated by a pulmonary medicine resident or specialist, and were required hospital admission. The admission began on March 29th, and the study concluded on June 1st. Respiratory exerciser and peak flow meters were provided to the patients for respiratory function testing. Results: Eighty-four patients admitted to the ward were evaluated for the study between these dates. Thirty-five patients were found suitable for the study. The median discharge Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) value was 225 ml/min (180-285), and the median follow-up PEF value was 465 ml/min (312-515) with an absolute difference of 175 ml/min (85-250). No difference between absolute PEF values and percentages was seen between the control and study groups (P = 0.374 and P = 1.0, respectively). A negative correlation between the Charlson Comorbidity Index and follow-up PEF value was observed (P = 0.009). Conclusions: There was no difference in the utilization of respiratory exercise in the initial period of COVID-19 in our study. These results could be interpreted that COVID-19 patients with no respiratory disease history and low morbidity may not require respiratory exercise to return to basal respiratory function

7.
British Journal of Occupational Therapy ; 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2194916

RESUMO

Introduction: Telerehabilitation is a tool for patients who, for different reasons, cannot participate in person with their physical presence. We aimed to identify the factors associated with satisfaction with telerehabilitation in families with children with neurodevelopmental disorders through a program that included physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. Methods: The program was developed during the COVID-19 lockdown period. Outcome measures: Child's age, the school stage to which they belonged, the person of reference in their daily care at home. The resources provided to the families, as well as the frequency of activities and difficulties detected, were evaluated through a survey. Findings: One hundred thirteen families responded to the survey. The general assessment resources were classified as very good. The average frequency of carrying out the activities was two times a week, with an average of 30 minutes per session. The ability to understand the information in the manual was not affected by the academic status of the caregivers (p = 0.286). Conclusions: This is the first study to quantify the multidisciplinary approach to children with neurodevelopmental disorders using telerehabilitation. The results show high levels of participation and satisfaction. The resources could be shared for their applicability in other countries whose families have similar needs conditioned by COVID-19.

8.
Braz J Phys Ther ; 26(5): 100445, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2031168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digital physical therapy was performed within early intervention sessions for children with developmental disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic. There is no known qualitative study that addresses the perspectives of parents with digital practice for early intervention. OBJECTIVE: To describe the parents' experiences with digital physical therapy for early intervention in children during COVID-19 lockdown. METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological study. Purposive sampling was conducted, including 16 parents of the children participating in the early intervention program. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and researchers' field notes. An inductive analysis was performed. RESULTS: Four themes emerged: a) ambivalent experiences about digital physical therapy: telehealth can be a good solution in times of COVID-19, however, it was also perceived as difficult and insufficient; b) barriers encountered for its implementation: describing factors related to physical aspects, training, and time, and difficulties maintaining the child's attention; c) perceived facilitators during its use: based on digital accessibility, availability, and adaptability of the therapist and the rest of the family; d) future possibilities of digital physical therapy: suggested uses for after the lockdown, such as a complement that facilitates communication and as a follow-up with older children. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings help shed light on the possible benefits of digital physical therapy in children with developmental disorders, considering the perspectives of families. However, there are several difficulties to be overcome to successfully implement this type of therapy and optimize its future possibilities.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Pandemias , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Pais , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
9.
J Chiropr Med ; 21(3): 168-176, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1936743

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this descriptive study was to evaluate the presence of telehealth content on chiropractic state board websites compared with websites from the medical and physical therapy professions during the early COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: State board websites for chiropractic, medicine, and physical therapy for each of the 50 United States and the District of Columbia were searched for the word "tele" to determine if there was a link on the homepage for content related to telehealth guidance. If there was none, the homepage was queried for the word "COVID" to determine if there was a link for COVID-19-related guidance. If yes, that linked COVID-19 page was queried for the word "tele." Consensus of 4 of 5 reviewers was sought. Binary results were entered into a separate spreadsheet for each profession (telehealth content easily accessible, yes or no). Easily accessible was defined as information found within 1 or 2 clicks. This search was performed between January 1, 2021, and March 1, 2021. Results: There were 11 of 51 (21%) chiropractic state board websites that provided content regarding telehealth on the main page, 8 of 51 (16%) provided content on a separate COVID-19-related page, and 32 of 51 (63%) did not provide content that was accessible within 1 or 2 clicks. Comparatively, 9 of 51 (18%) medical state board websites provided content regarding telehealth on the main page, 20 of 51 (39%) provided content on a COVID-19-related page, and 22 of 51 (43%) did not provide content that was accessible within 1 or 2 clicks. Lastly, 10 of 51 (20%) physical therapy state board websites provided content regarding telehealth on the main page, 19 of 51 (37%) provided content on a COVID-19-related page, and 22 of 51 (43%) did not provide content that was accessible within 1 or 2 clicks. Conclusion: Telehealth content was more readily available on medical and physical therapy state board websites compared with chiropractic state board websites in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

10.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 103(7): 1368-1378, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1906748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare perceptions about the efficacy and acceptability of allied health care delivered via telephone and video call for adults with disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national survey. SETTING: Participants who accessed occupational therapy, physiotherapy, psychology, or speech pathology care via telephone or via video call from June to September 2020. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred eighty-one adults with permanent or significant disabilities, or their carers, partners, or family members, who were funded by the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Experiences (eg, safety, efficacy, ease of use) with telephone and video-delivered care. Data were analyzed by calculating response proportions and chi-square tests to evaluate differences in experiences between allied health professions and between telephone and video modalities. RESULTS: Responses were obtained for 581 adults with disabilities. There was no evidence of differences between experiences with telephone or video-delivered services or across allied health professions. Overall, 47%-56% of respondents found telehealth technology easy to use (vs 17%-26% who found it difficult), 51%-55% felt comfortable communicating (vs 24%-27% who felt uncomfortable), 51%-67% were happy with the privacy and/or security (vs 6%-9% who were unhappy), 74% were happy with the safety (vs 5%-7% who were unhappy), and 56%-64% believed the care they received was effective (vs 17% who believed it was ineffective). Despite this, 48%-51% were unlikely to choose to use telephone or video consultations in the future (vs 32%-36% who were likely). CONCLUSIONS: Adults with disabilities in Australia had generally positive experiences receiving allied health care via telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic, although some experienced difficulties using and communicating via the technology. Findings indicated no differences between satisfaction with telephone or video modalities, or between physiotherapy, speech pathology, occupational therapy, or psychology services.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pessoas com Deficiência , Telemedicina , Adulto , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Telefone
11.
Physiother Res Int ; 27(4): e1961, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1894624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The therapeutic benefits of prone positioning have been described over the last 50 years culminating in a systematic review supporting this management strategy for patients with severe hypoxaemic respiratory failure. Early work detailing treatment approaches for COVID-19 have advocated the use of prone positioning. Limited data exists regarding physiotherapy intervention in patients with COVID-19 owing to the recent emergence of this novel disease. Despite the acknowledged beneficial effects of physiotherapy on secretion clearance and lung recruitment in the general critical care population, there is a lack of evidence pertaining to physiotherapeutic intervention for acutely unwell intubated adults in prone lying. METHODS: This case study report follows the CARE case report guidelines. One patient with COVID-19 pneumonitis who underwent physiotherapy intervention in prone lying is discussed. Informed consent was gained from next of kin for data to be published. RESULTS: Treatment techniques including mechanical insufflation-exsufflation in prone were feasible and well tolerated by this patient with only transient adverse effects noted. Treatment techniques assisted with secretion clearance. DISCUSSION: Further work on safety, feasibility, and efficacy of physiotherapy intervention in patients with and without COVID-19 in prone will contribute to the evidence base on this subject.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Insuflação , Insuficiência Respiratória , Adulto , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Humanos , Insuflação/efeitos adversos , Insuflação/métodos , Respiração Artificial , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia
12.
Physiotherapy ; 114: 47-53, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1815045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short-term change in oxygenation and feasibility of physiotherapy-assisted prone or modified prone positioning in awake, ward-based patients with COVID-19. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: General wards, single-centre tertiary hospital in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were included if ≥18 years, had COVID-19, required FiO2 ≥ 0.28 or oxygen flow rate ≥4 l/minute and consented to positioning. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Feasibility measures included barriers to therapy, assistance required, and comfort. Short-term change in oxygenation (SpO2) and oxygen requirements before and 15 minutes after positioning. RESULTS: Thirteen patients, mean age 75 (SD 14) years; median Clinical Frailty Scale score 6 (IQR 4 to 7) participated in 32 sessions of prone or modified prone positioning from a total of 125 ward-based patients admitted with COVID-19 who received physiotherapy intervention. Nine of thirteen patients (69%) required physiotherapy assistance and modified positions were utilised in 8/13 (62%). SpO2 increased in 27/32 sessions, with a mean increase from 90% (SD 5) pre-positioning to 94% (SD 4) (mean difference 4%; 95%CI 3 to 5%) after 15 minutes. Oxygen requirement decreased in 14/32 sessions, with a mean pre-positioning requirement of 8 l/minute (SD 4) to 7 l/minute (SD 4) (mean difference 2 l/minute; 95%CI 1 to 3 l/minute) after 15 minutes. In three sessions oxygen desaturation and discomfort occurred but resolved immediately by returning supine. CONCLUSION: Physiotherapy-assisted prone or modified prone positioning may be a feasible option leading to short-term improvements in oxygenation in awake, ward-based patients with hypoxemia due to COVID-19. Further research exploring longerterm health outcomes and safety is required.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Idoso , Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Decúbito Ventral , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Int J Osteopath Med ; 44: 22-28, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1773384

RESUMO

Objective: Fatigue is among the most common symptoms of the long-term effects of coronavirus (long COVID). This study aims to compare the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) combined with physiotherapy treatment (PT) compared to PT alone on fatigue and functional limitations after two months post randomization in adults with long COVID. Methods: This is a study protocol for a two-arm, assessor-blinded, pragmatic randomized controlled superiority trial. Seventy-six participants will be randomly allocated to OMT + PT or PT. The PT includes usual care interventions including motor and respiratory exercises targeting cardiorespiratory and skeletal muscle functions. The OMT entails direct and indirect musculoskeletal, viceral and cranial techniques. Patients will be evaluated before and after a 2-month intervention program, and at 3-month follow-up session. Primary objectives comprise fatigue and functional limitations at 2-month post randomization as assessed by the fatigue severity scale and the Post-COVID Functional State scale. Secondary objectives comprise fatigue and functional limitations at 3 months, and the perceived change post-treatment as assessed by the Perceived Change Scale (PCS-patient). Registration: This protocol was registered (NCT05012826) and received ethical approval (38342520.7.0000.5235). Participant recruitment began in August 2021 and is expected to conclude in July 2023. Publication of the results is anticipated in 2023.

14.
International Journal of Healthcare & Biomedical Research ; 9(4):13-16, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | GIM | ID: covidwho-1727475

RESUMO

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic caused high and increasing human costs worldwide and economic activity was severely affected by the necessary protective measures. Pandemics have a negative economic impact on the world economy. Chest physical therapy is used in the intensive care unit (ICU) to minimize pulmonary secretion retention, to maximize oxygenation, and to reexpand atelectatic lung segments. Physical therapists trained in the ICU can safely perform chest physical therapy with the majority of patients who are critically ill. Material and methods: This was descriptive observational study. The present study was conducted in our department for six months duration. The sample size was estimated with the help of expert. We collected data qualitatively. We collected data for OPD records for last six months with patient interview, from only patient who was undergo Covid infection and now in postcovid stage. Patient interview information form was made standardized.

15.
Phys Ther ; 102(3)2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1597131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Multiparticipant physical and occupational therapy provision has fluctuated significantly in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) under shifts in Medicare reimbursement policy. Multiparticipant therapy includes group (2-6 individuals per therapist) and concurrent therapy (2 individuals per therapist). This study uses recent patient-level data to characterize multiparticipant therapy provision in SNFs to help anticipate shifts under new Medicare policy and the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This secondary analysis used data on 1,016,984 post-acute rehabilitation stays in SNFs in 2018. This analysis identified patient predictors (eg, demographic, clinical) and organizational predictors (eg, ownership, quality, staffing) of receiving multiparticipant therapy using mixed-effects logistic regression. Among individuals who received any multiparticipant therapy, those patient or facility factors associated with high rates of multiparticipant therapy provision were also determined. RESULTS: Less than 3% of individuals received multiparticipant therapy in 2018. Patient functional and cognitive impairment and indicators of market regulation were associated with lower odds of multiparticipant therapy. Effect sizes for organizational factors associated with multiparticipant therapy provision were generally larger compared with patient factors. High multiparticipant therapy provision was concentrated in <2% of SNFs and was positively associated with for-profit ownership, contract staffing, and low 5-star quality ratings. CONCLUSION: SNF organizational characteristics tended to have stronger associations with multiparticipant therapy provision than patient factors, suggesting that changes in patient case-mix, as expected during the COVID-19 pandemic, may have less of an impact on multiparticipant therapy provision than organizational factors. Results suggest that for-profit SNFs in states with higher market regulation, SNFs providing high volumes of therapy, and SNFs utilizing high proportions of assistants and contract staff may be more responsive to Medicare policy by increasing multiparticipant therapy provision. IMPACT: This study may help identify SNFs that are more likely to increase multiparticipant therapy provision under new Medicare payment policy.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Medicare , Pandemias , Readmissão do Paciente , Estados Unidos
16.
Palliat Med ; 36(2): 319-331, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1582706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Palliative rehabilitation involves multi-professional processes and interventions aimed at optimising patients' symptom self-management, independence and social participation throughout advanced illness. Rehabilitation services were highly disrupted during the Covid-19 pandemic. AIM: To understand rehabilitation provision in palliative care services during the Covid-19 pandemic, identifying and reflecting on adaptative and innovative practice to inform ongoing provision. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national online survey. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Rehabilitation leads for specialist palliative care services across hospice, hospital, or community settings, conducted from 30/07/20 to 21/09/2020. FINDINGS: 61 completed responses (England, n = 55; Scotland, n = 4; Wales, n = 1; and Northern Ireland, n = 1) most frequently from services based in hospices (56/61, 92%) providing adult rehabilitation. Most services (55/61, 90%) reported rehabilitation provision becoming remote during Covid-19 and half reported reduced caseloads. Rehabilitation teams frequently had staff members on sick-leave with suspected/confirmed Covid-19 (27/61, 44%), redeployed to other services/organisations (25/61, 41%) or furloughed (15/61, 26%). Free text responses were constructed into four themes: (i) fluctuating shared spaces; (ii) remote and digitised rehabilitation offer; (iii) capacity to provide and participate in rehabilitation; (iv) Covid-19 as a springboard for positive change. These represent how rehabilitation services contracted, reconfigured, and were redirected to more remote modes of delivery, and how this affected the capacity of clinicians and patients to participate in rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates how changes in provision of rehabilitation during the pandemic could act as a springboard for positive changes. Hybrid models of rehabilitation have the potential to expand the equity of access and reach of rehabilitation within specialist palliative care.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hospitais para Doentes Terminais , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Aust Crit Care ; 34(3): 217-225, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1530621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) often require prolonged periods of bed rest owing to their severity of illness along with the care required to maintain the position and integrity of the ECMO cannula. Many patients on ECMO receive passive exercises, and rehabilitation is often delayed owing to medical instability, with a high proportion of patients demonstrating severe muscle weakness. The physiological effects of an intensive rehabilitation program started early after ECMO commencement remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to describe the respiratory and haemodynamic effects of early intensive rehabilitation compared with standard care physiotherapy over a 7-d period in patients requiring ECMO. METHODS: This was a physiological substudy of a multicentre randomised controlled trial conducted in one tertiary referral hospital. Consecutive adult patients undergoing ECMO were recruited. Respiratory and haemodynamic parameters, along with ECMO settings, were recorded 30 min before and after each session and continuously during the session. In addition, the minimum and maximum values for these parameters were recorded outside of the rehabilitation or standard care sessions for each 24-h period over the 7 d. The number of minutes of exercise per session was recorded. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (mean age = 51.5 ± standard deviation of 14.3 y, 80% men) received ECMO. There was no difference between the groups for any of the respiratory, haemodynamic, or ECMO parameters. The minimum and maximum values for each parameter were recorded outside of the rehabilitation or standard care sessions. The intensive rehabilitation group (n = 7) spent more time exercising per session than the standard care group (n = 8) (mean = 28.7 versus 4.2 min, p < 0.0001). Three patients (43%) in the intensive rehabilitation group versus none in the standard care group mobilised out of bed during ECMO. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, early intensive rehabilitation of patients on ECMO had minimal effect on physiological parameters.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
RMD Open ; 7(2)2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1334591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Non-pharmacological interventions support patients with connective tissue diseases to better cope with and self-manage their diseases. This study aimed to map existing evidence on non-pharmacological interventions in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc) and mixed connective tissue diseases regarding content, feasibility and potential suitability in an e-health setting. METHODS: A literature search was performed in eight different databases in July 2020. The intervention's content was extracted using the 'Better reporting of interventions: template for intervention description and replication (TIDieR) checklist and guide'. A Sankey diagram and descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data and illustrate the relationships between the interventions. RESULTS: Of 8198 identified records, 119 papers were eligible. One hundred and four of them (87.4%) were conducted between 2000 and 2020, mainly in the USA (SLE n=24 (21.2%), SSc n=16 (14.2%)), Brazil (SLE n=8 (7.1%), SSc n=5 (4.4%)) and Italy (SLE n=0 (0%), SSc n=12 (10.6%)). Fifty-two studies (SLE n=24 (21.2%), SSc n=28 (24.8%)) used multicomponent interventions. The single interventions were physical exercises (SLE n=16 (14.2%), SSc n=17 (15.0%)), coaching/counselling (SLE n=11 (18.0%), SSc n=0 (0%)) and education (SLE n=2 (1.8%), SSc n=3 (2.7%)). Primary outcomes focused on physical function (SLE n=1 (0.9%), SSc n=15 (13.3%)), mouth opening in SSc (n=4 (5.9%)) and physical capacity (SLE n=2 (1.8%), SSc n=1 (0.9%)). No interventions for mixed connective tissue disease were found. CONCLUSION: There was a great variety in the intervention's content due to differences in body structure, activity limitations and participation restrictions in SLE and SSc. These results highlight the need for personalised, multicomponent, non-pharmacological interventions, which could be delivered as e-health interventions.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Telemedicina , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/terapia , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia
19.
Arch Physiother ; 11(1): 18, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1301899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Swiss containment strategy for the COVID-19 pandemic during the first wave in spring 2020 resulted in a moratorium on non-urgent physiotherapy via regular direct patient contact. Consequently, such physiotherapy sessions declined by 84%. This study investigates the impact of this moratorium on the use of digital remote physiotherapy in Switzerland during this period and the perceptions of its use by Swiss physiotherapists (PTs). METHODS: A cross-sectional online questionnaire was distributed between June and August of 2020 via the Swiss Physiotherapy Association (physioswiss) and various associations of physiotherapy specialists (e.g., sport, pediatric) working in both inpatient and outpatient settings. The questionnaire was designed to capture the demographics of participants and the perceptions of PTs using 33 questions in the following domains: Demography; Attitudes towards digital technology; Private and professional use of digital technology; Use of digital technology during therapy; and, Support requirements. Closed and open-ended questions were included and the frequency of answers was analyzed. Non-parametric inferential statistics were used to identify differences, where appropriate. The Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys (CHERRIES) was adopted. RESULTS: Participants in the survey were 742 PTs (23.5% male, mean age of 43 years, mean working experience of 18 years) from the German-speaking (75.5%), French-speaking (15.1%), and Italian-speaking (9.4%) regions of Switzerland. The percentage of PTs using digital remote therapy increased from 4.9% prior to the lockdown to 44.6% during the lockdown period. The majority of PTs did not consider that digital remote therapy could complement usual physiotherapy practice and did not plan to continue with digital remote therapy after the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: During the lockdown, Swiss PTs adopted various low-cost and easily accessible digital technologies. However, several barriers hampered further implementation of this modality. Specific education and training programs need to be provided among PTs, appropriate digital technologies should be introduced, and a correct reimbursement scheme should be developed. TRIAL REGISTRATION: COVIDPhysio Registry of World Physiotherapy, registered 15th June 2020 ( https://world.physio/covid-19-information-hub/covid-19-covidphysio-registry ).

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