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1.
Journal of Public Health in Africa ; 13(s2) (no pagination), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2163861

RESUMO

The high number of cases of violence against children has become a big concern, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research purposes to analyze the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in violence against children during the COVID-19 pandemic in Lowokwaru District, Malang City. Research design a quantitative analytic study with a cross-sectional study primary data. Research instrument used was a questionnaire with Google Form application which was online collecting by 100 moth-ers. Analysis technique uses Somers'd and Ordinal Logistic Regression. Variables related to the intention to commit violence against children are subjective norms (p=0.00<alpha=0.05) and behavioral control (p=0.002 <alpha=0.05), while attitudes are not related to the intention to commit violence against children (p=0.501 >alpha=0.05). Variables that have a significant effect on the intention of violence against children are subjective norms (p=0.001<alpha=0.05) and behavioral control (p=0.002<alpha=0.05). Subjective norms and behavioral control are related and have an effect on the intention to commit violence against children, while attitudes do not. Copyright © the Author(s),2022.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13(4):447-455, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2156303

RESUMO

Background & objective: Experience documentation is an important component of knowledge management. Experience documentation aims to elicit tacit knowledge of individuals, document its teachings, and make them publishable. This research develops and proposes a model for recording organizational experiences. Method(s): This research is a descriptive study that was performed qualitatively and quantitatively. The statistical population consisted of 24 people selected from academic experts, administrators, and executive experts using the snowball sampling method. Data were analyzed using SPSS and MaxQDA software. After studying the scientific documents and upstream documents, the effective components in experience documentation were extracted. Then, the questions related to each component were determined and validated during meetings with experts. Result(s): In this model, important events were first identified and the issues, measures, and decisions were then extracted. Finally, the suggestions, scenario planning and modeling, and teachings were identified. Conclusion(s): effective components in recording experiences and related questions can propose a good model for documenting organizational experiences. The results of this research can be used as a basis for managers to plan and implement experience documentation in their organizations. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

3.
The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice ; 18(2):13-24, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2155956

RESUMO

This investigation examines the potential, and the factors affecting the potential of network partners to manage solid waste in the epidemic control area for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The study area was Mae Sot Municipality in Tak Province, Northern Thailand, which consists of twenty communities. This is an especially pressing study topic given the dearth of literature on solid waste management in Thailand during a pandemic. The sample group was purposively selected, and was composed of household representatives living within the coronavirus epidemic control area. Data was gathered using a quantitative research method. A questionnaire was presented to 400 household representatives. Data results led to the development of an equation to determine waste management potential: Logit(y) = 0.435 − 0.086(X1) − 0.203(X2) − 0.110(X3) + 0.086(X4) + 0.046(X5) − 0.056(X6) + 0.157(X7) + 0.132(X8) + 0.214(X9) − 0.212(X10) − 0.087(X11) + 0.022(X12). Factors affecting public participation in waste management of network partners in epidemic control areas can be written as a predictive equation: Logit(y) = −0.179 + 0.092(PAR1) + 0.177(PAR2) − 0.189(PAR3) + 0.008(PAR4). Potential factors affecting the waste management of network partners in epidemic control areas can be written as follows: Logit(y) = −0.724 + 0.220(POT1) + 0.045(POT2) − 0.234(POT3) + 0.185(POT4). Solid waste management models must be suitable for the context and current situation in the local community. This includes consideration of local participation and the impact on all stakeholders in the area. The key action is to minimize the amount of solid waste before it reaches the disposal stage by focusing on participation from all sectors.

4.
Orthopedics (Online) ; : 1-6, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2155457

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacted the inpatient experience before and after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). This study aimed to examine how these changes affected patient satisfaction following TJA as recorded by Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) postdischarge surveys and comments at 2 large academic institutions. A retrospective review identified patients who completed HCAHPS surveys following primary and revision TJA at 2 academic institutions: 1 in a predominately rural southern state (Institution A) and 1 in a northeastern metropolitan city (Institution B). Patients were grouped by discharge date: pre–COVID-19 (April 1, 2019, to October 31, 2019) or COVID-19 affected (April 1, 2020, to October 31, 2020). Differences in demographics, survey responses, and comment sentiments and themes were collected and evaluated. The number of HCAHPS surveys completed increased between periods at Institution A but decreased at Institution B (Institution A, 61 vs 103;Institution B, 524 vs 296). Rates of top-box survey responses remained the same across the 2 periods. The number of comments decreased at Institution B (1977 vs 1012) but increased at Institution A (55 vs 88). During the COVID-19–affected period, there was a significant increase in the negative comment rate from Institution B (11.6% vs 14.8%, P=.013) and a significant decrease in the positive comment rate from Institution A (70.9% vs 44.3%, P<.001). There was an increase in negative patient sentiments following TJA during the COVID-19 pandemic as seen in qualitative comments but not quantitative responses. This suggests that certain aspects of the TJA patient experience were impacted by COVID-19. [Orthopedics. 20XX;XX(X): xx–xx.]

5.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S626, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2154139

RESUMO

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has shown how quickly and drastically everyday life can change in extreme situations. Objective(s): To investigate how external factors can affect human health - mentally and physically - and what indicators herald the proximity to a critical upheaval. Method(s): Using theories from theoretical physics and psychology, researchers from Heidelberg University and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology will observe emotional reaction via an 'infinitesimal stimulus' (f) to an image that gives the 'infinitesimal displacement' (d). While both the stimulus and the reaction are chosen to be small - and hence keep a person well within their emotional stability - the ratio (d/f ) provides us a quantitative measure of the individual's susceptibility i.e. reaction sensitivity. Over a six-month phase, we hope to correlate the individual susceptibility with the person's general emotional state and to define a threshold reaction to indicate a person's proximity to an emotional instability. Semistructured interviews of extreme cases give us further insight into correlations between emotional states and susceptibility. Result(s): If an increased susceptibility in an individual actually precedes a long-term change in mood, then regular susceptibility measurements can be used, for instance, to detect depression at an early stage. We are particularly curious to observe the extent to which models from physics can be applied to society and the individual. Conclusion(s): The final output is to integrate practical implementation aspects into the medical curricula in a transdisciplinary manner. If possible, a formula for understanding health stability should be formulated that would be highly innovative for the medical field.

6.
Revista de Stiinte Politice ; - (76):215-227, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2125177

RESUMO

The Russian-Ukrainian conflict that succeeded the Covid 19 pandemic marks the end of the winter of 2022 and continues to deepen Europe's socio-economic fragility. Whatever the causes of its outbreak, any armed conflict has immeasurable effects on combatants, allies and opponents alike. The leveraging of financial resources in support of one side and the triggering of pecuniary sanctions for the other implies an enormous consumption of resources with global economic effects. These are compounded by the social effects of war: loss of life, family segregation, refugee crisis, severe material deprivation, unemployment, crime, etc. As an EU and NATO member state, Romania has had to reinforce its responsibilities of support (as a geopolitical supporter of Ukraine) and responsibility towards war refugees. However, it is precisely Romania's geographical proximity to Ukraine that has led to an increase in the population's fear of the risks of conflict close to the country's borders, but also to a natural solidarity of citizens with its innocent victims: the civilian refugees in our country. Based on an analysis of the scientific literature, at the heart of which will be placed the theory of conflict (Marx, Weber, Lake, Woon, Sharma, etc.), the communication aims to present the results of a quantitative research carried out by means of an opinion survey based on a questionnaire administered to a nationally representative sample. The sociological study aims to identify Romanians' perceptions and fears regarding the social and economic effects of the Russian-Ukrainian war and to find out the mechanisms that determined the spontaneous cohesion that was at the basis of the mobilisation of citizens to support temporary refugee migrants or those seeking asylum in our country. of law specialization, aiming to highlight their views on the perspectives offered by migration.

7.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ; 33:887, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2124975

RESUMO

Background: To help protect dialysis patients from COVID-19, efforts have been made to ensure widespread vaccination, however, reports have shown waning antibody (AB) levels that may decline faster than the general population. The current analysis examines AB response to a 3rd or booster dose of mRNA-1273 vaccine among dialysis patients across 7 dialysis clinics in Massachusetts. Method(s): All patients received 2 mRNA-173 doses and had AB measured 250+ days after 2nd dose (when additional/booster doses were available). Covid-19 positive/suspected cases were not included in the analysis. As part of a quality improvement project, patients were classified into 3 groups based on further doses received: mRNA booster (Booster 50 mcg), mRNA additional dose (Additional;100 mcg), and no second dose or booster (Primary). AB response was measured in remnant blood with semiquantitative chemiluminescent assay detecting IgG AB directed against receptor binding domain of S1 subunit of SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen (Siemens);AB index >1 was considered reactive, >7 as adequate, and > 750 was maximum detected. For time periods with multiple AB measurements, the latest AB value was utilized. Result(s): Distribution of AB levels before and after booster/additional dose are presented in figure. Before booster/additional dose few patients had AB levels > 750 (2%). After booster or additional dose, 58% and 50% had AB levels > 750, respectively. AB response <= 7 was common (46%) before and rare after booster and additional dose (2% and 0%). Conclusion(s): After the administration of booster/additional doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, nearly all patients had at least adequate AB response and the majority had maximum response. This is contrasted with the patients not receiving booster/additional dose, where 72% had adequate AB response and 27% had maximum response.

8.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(13):1617-1622, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2145489

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to know the relationship that exists between the financial culture and working capital of the MYPE at the time of COVD-19, in the city of Chepen. The type of research was applied and corresponds to a non-experimental design, correlational level and quantitative approach, the survey was used as a technique and two Likert-type scale questionnaires were applied. The result showed that there is a strong positive correlation between warehouse management and productivity through Spearman's correlation coefficient (r=0.719). Concluding that there is a high relationship between the variables under study. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

9.
Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 18(Supplement 3):187, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2136611

RESUMO

Background: AYA with cancer commonly experience sexuality concerns during and post treatment. Evaluation andmanagement of these critical aspects are often neglected by health professionals due to factors such as poor knowledge, confidence and communication, lack of comfort, time and prioritisation of sexuality concerns. It is not known what policy and practice tools are available to bridge this evidence gap. Aim(s): To scope, analyse and map the literature on policy and practice tools, specific to AYA oncosexology education and training programs, for health professionals. Method(s): A scoping review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology. A search strategy was developed using key words initially tested in OVID MEDLINE. The formal search was conducted in July 2022 in Medline, EMCARE, EMBASE and PsychINFO (all on OVID platform) for articles: published after 2012;in English;qualitative, quantitative, mixed method studies, case studies, review articles or grey literature;in patients aged 15-39 years. Articles were excluded if they did not meet these criteria, only examined potential education/training programs or health professionals' knowledge, attitudes or practices, or only focused on patients' perspectives. Retrieved articles were extracted into Covidence and two screening roundswere independently performed by two authors each for the final analysis and evidence synthesis. Result(s): After removing 1140 duplicate records, 1825 records were screened of which 1523 were excluded and 302 full texts assessed for eligibility. The final number of studies included along with other quantitative findings will be reported against the PRISMA-ScR reporting checklist. Results from the basic content analysis to organise qualitative findings into higher level categories will also be presented. Conclusion(s): Evidence gaps, limitations and implications for research will be discussed. We will seek stakeholders' views on whether our findings are locally relevant and how they can inform improvements in health professional oncosexology policy and practice tools.

10.
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis Conference ; 6(Supplement 1), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2128074

RESUMO

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a prevalent disease with high morbidity and mortality. VTE has well-documented physical sequelae, however the psychological and emotional experience of patients is seldom evaluated in randomized controlled trials. Aim(s): We conducted a scoping review of published qualitative studies aiming to understand the physical, psychological, and emotional impact of VTE as reflected from patients' perspectives. This scoping review is part of a larger initiative to develop a core outcome set for VTE treatment studies. This research is funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and CanVECTOR. Method(s): A systematic literature search was conducted to identify qualitative studies assessing patient experience of VTE. Two authors independently screened titles and s using Covidence systematic review software. Full text reviews were conducted independently by two study team members. QSR International NVivo 12 software was used to perform systematic line-by- line coding of the Results and Discussion from all included articles. A modified method of thematic synthesis was used to collate themes upon reading and re-reading of the publications. Result(s): Our search strategy returned a total of 4944 citations;28 were ultimately included in the analysis. The studies were conducted across 13 countries and representative of 436 participants including a spectrum of VTE sub-populations. There were seven major themes identified;Acute Impacts: An Unforeseen Blow, Sustained Psychological Distress, Loss of Self: Life is Changed, Challenges of Thrombosis Management, Balancing Coping and Control, Negative Experience with the Medical System, and VTE in the Context of Other Conditions. Each major theme was comprised of additional subthemes (Figure 1). Conclusion(s): The physical, psychological, and emotional impacts of VTE extend beyond the quantitative outcomes typically evaluated in clinical trials. An improved understanding of the outcomes most important to patients will improve patient-centered research and care in VTE.

11.
Talanta ; : 124127, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2122822

RESUMO

The Covid-19 variants' transmissibility was further quantitatively analyzed in silico to study the binding strength with ACE-2 and find the binding inhibitors. The molecular interaction energy values of their optimized complex structures (MIFS) demonstrated that Omicron BA.4 and 5's MIFS value (344.6 kcal mol−1) was equivalent to wild-type MIFS (346.1 kcal mol−1), that of Omicron BQ.1 and BQ. 1.1's MIFS value (309.9 and 364.6 kcal mol−1). Furthermore, the MIFS value of Omicron BA.2.75 (515.1 kcal mol−1) was about Delta-plus (511.3 kcal mol−1). The binding strength of Omicron BA.4, BA. 5, and BQ.1.1 may be neglectable, but that of Omicron BA.2.75 was urging. Furthermore, the 79 medicine candidates were analyzed as the binding inhibitors from binding strength with ACE-2. Only carboxy compounds were repulsed from the ACE-2 binding site indicating that further modification of medical treatment candidates may produce an effective binding inhibitor.

12.
American Ethnologist ; 49(4):595-609, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2118469

RESUMO

The COVID‐19 pandemic severely disrupted work patterns in academia. There is mounting evidence that men's publishing productivity increased while women's decreased. Yet most studies of this phenomenon have analyzed authorship and peer review data separately, without considering their interrelationship. We conceptualize authorship and peer review together as visible and invisible forms of labor, a lens that connects service work to other forms of gendered unpaid labor. Drawing on a data set of author and review activity at American Ethnologist from 2014 to 2021, we blend quantitative analysis with qualitative insights from our positions as the journal's editorial assistants. We find that in 2020 women performed staggeringly more service work than men relative to their rates of manuscript submission. Our findings disrupt the discourse of “a return to normal,” which ignores the differential effects of our collective pandemic experience.

13.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 38(1):14-20, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | GIM | ID: covidwho-2115896

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses a serious threat to human life and health. To establish a method for quantitative detection of detection of the spike glycoprotein of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus'Z (SARS-CoV-Z) in vaccines. Goat anti-SARS-CoV-Z polyclonal antibody and mouse anti -SARS -CoV-Z spike glycoprotein monoclonal antibody were prepared to establish a double antibody sandwich enzymerlinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of the spike glycoprotein. The ELISA system was optimized and the linear range, sensitivity, specificity, repeatability and coincidence rate were tested. The linear range was 1-64 U and correlation coefficient (R2) > 0.99. There was no reaction with the nucleocapsid protein, Vero-cell debris or influenza Viruses, etc, indicating the high specificity of our method. The sensitivity was 92.1% and the variations in intra- and inter' assay repeatability were 2.5%-11.7% and 1.3% -14.8%, respectively. The samples showed a coincidence rate Of 96.7% with known background. Our method had high specificity, sensitivity, stability and accuracy, and could be used for determination of spike - glycoprotein antigen content in vaccine.

14.
Tumori ; 108(4 Supplement):154-155, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2114992

RESUMO

Background: Outpatient and Day Hospital activities represent the main commitment for a Medical Oncology. Part of the relationship with outpatients is necessarily maintained by telephone. We wanted to quantify the commitment represented by managing patient calls in our daily practice. Material(s) and Method(s): From 1/1/21 to 30/6/21 we recorded the telephone movement that took place at our Oncological Day Hospital (DH). The DH activity involves 9 doctors and in 2021. 946 patients were followed for chemotherapy (CT) and 7298 courses of CT were administered. Phone calls received from 8:00 to 16:00 were recorded by the administrative staff in a specially built database and then were routed to each doctor who proceeded to recall the patient within 24 hours. Result(s): We recorded 2901 phone calls divided according to the following arguments: 757 (26.1%) concerned treatment toxicity, 622 (21.4%) symptoms related to disease, 520 (17.9%) concerned organizational issues, 466 (16.1%) were asked for explanations about prescribed therapies, 327 (11.3%) were asked for evaluation of new exams, 209 (7.2%) concerned Covid vaccines. We then analyzed the database by quantifying the number of telephone accesses for each individual patient and we noticed that, 55 patients made more than 10 phone calls, 39 patients made between 8 and 10 phone calls, 119 patients between 5 and 7 phone calls. This group of 213 patients (22.5% of the total) was responsible for 1762 phone calls (60.1%). According to the Literature, the average duration of a telephone call varies from 9 to 12 minutes, therefore the weight of the Medical activity carried out by telephone is approximately 4.4-5.8 hours daily. Furthermore, each phone call (about 29 a day), as an interruption of scheduled activities, is a potential source of distraction and therefore of error for every professionist. These data, however important, are certainly underestimated because they don't take into account the telephone calls received directly to the Physicians (mobile, instant messaging, e-mail) that were not recorded. Conclusion(s): In our Oncology Day Hospital, taking care of patient calls takes up to 4.4-5.8 hours daily and is a significant source of interruption of scheduled activities. According to our data a small group of patients is responsible for a large part of phone calls. To reduce the effort required by patient phone calls, it is necessary to early identify this subgroup and make it subject of a monitoring active program.

15.
Journal of Sleep Research Conference: 26th Conference of the European Sleep Research Society Athens Greece ; 31(Supplement 1), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2114913

RESUMO

Introduction: The surge of COVID-19 infections in 2020 led European countries to enforce confinement to reduce direct contact within populations. Isolation can have negative health consequences, and a fly model shows that chronic isolation reduces sleep duration and increases food intake. Similarly, social isolation in adults relates to reduced sleep quality. Yet, whether this model transfers to developing humans is unknown. Our study aimed to explore if social distancing during confinement relates to sleep and food intake in infants. We hypothesized that infants experiencing a higher extent of distancing have shorter sleep and increased food intake. Method(s): An online questionnaire (in Spanish, German, English, French, Italian) distributed in April/May 2020 quantified parentreported sleep duration (Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire) and the infant's direct contact with friends and extended family. A 5 point Likert scale captured whether meal size increased, decreased or remained unchanged since the beginning of the confinement. We collected data on 350 infants <=3 years old (18.2 +/- 10.0 months, 170 girls). Result(s): Sleep duration did not differ between infants who had direct contact with their friends (n = 22) compared to those without direct contact (n = 312) when controlling for age (p = 0.44, multiple linear regression). There was also no difference in sleep duration between infants with direct contact with their family (n = 81) compared to those without direct contact (n = 266) when controlling for age (p = .90, multiple linear regression). Similarly, there was no group difference in the confinement-induced change of meal size dependent on contact with friends (p = .39, Chi-squared test), or with family (p = .91, Chi-squared test). Discussion(s): Thus, the extent of distancing as part of the COVID-19 confinement in 2020 did not correlate with infants' sleep duration and their quantity of meals, which indicates that isolation has a different effect in developing humans than in adults or flies. As infants depend on close contact with their parents, effects of isolation on sleep and eating might only appear beyond infancy.

16.
Journal of Endourology ; 36(Supplement 1):A153-A154, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2114217

RESUMO

Introduction &Objective: There have been anecdotal reports of adverse events associated with the COVID-19 vaccine, especially within media coverage of the vaccine's initial rollout. We aim to quantify and analyze urologic adverse events and symptoms after COVID-19 vaccination. Method(s): We queried the FDA Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) for all reported symptoms following COVID-19 vaccination, as well as following any vaccination, for the period of December 2020 through April 1st, 2022. We identified fifteen common adverse urologic events. Using proportional reporting ratio (PRR) and reporting odds ratio (ROR), we analyzed the reporting data in the VAERS database. Result(s): A total of 6,027,972 vaccinations, including 3,666,529 COVID-19 vaccinations were identified from the queried period with 1,560,835 and 803,169 adverse events reported, respectively. Out of all adverse event reports reported following COVID-19 vaccination, the most common adverse event was urinary tract infections which only accounted for 2,263 adverse events. The median age of the patients reporting urologic symptoms was 50 years old (IQR 22-64) and 66% of the patients were female. Conclusion(s): Urologic symptoms reported after COVID-19 vaccination continue to be extremely rare in total number but furthermore, none of the adverse urologic events had positive signals. Although there have been anecdotal reports of adverse events associated with the COVID-19 vaccine, a review of the VAERS database did not find any positive signals. Our findings suggest these adverse events are not related to the COVID-19 vaccine but further evaluation and analysis are ongoing.

17.
Journal of Sleep Research Conference: 26th Conference of the European Sleep Research Society Athens Greece ; 31(Supplement 1), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2113957

RESUMO

Introduction: Behavioural control arises from a balance between model-based and model-free behaviour. Model-based behaviour is cognitively costly but enables adaptation to changes in the environment. In contrast, model-free control is fast, cognitively inexpensive, but inflexible. Overreliance on model-free control and/or reduced model-based control is found across various mental health conditions, suggesting that these modes of control may be influenced by common trans diagnostic processes. Since insufficient sleep and low-grade inflammation are highly common in mental ill-health, we assessed how they by themselves and in combination influence behavioural control Methods: In an ongoing study, we recruited 46 individuals who completed three sessions: Sleep loss (2 nights of 4 h in bed), normal sleep (2 nights of 9 h in bed) (within-subjects), and a low-grade inflammation condition (COVID-19 vaccination) preceded by either sleep loss or normal sleep (between subjects). Blood samples were taken (not analysed), sickness symptoms were assessed using the SicknessQ, and model-based and model-free control was quantified (using a sequential decision task). Result(s): Sickness symptoms were highest after vaccination with sleep loss (M = 34.6), followed by vaccination with normal sleep (M = 24.3) and sleep loss (M = 23.8), and normal sleep only (M = 15.3). Modelfree behaviour increased in the vaccine as compared to the nonvaccine condition (b = 0.23, 95% CI 0.10, 0.37, p < 0.001). Modelbased control decreased after sleep loss versus normal sleep (reward + common: B = -0.47, 95% CI -0.67, -0.28, p < 0.001, nonreward + rare: B = -0.43, 95% CI -0.63, -0.18, p < 0.001), which was not modulated by vaccination. Conclusion(s): These results suggest that sleep loss and low-grade inflammation independently attenuate behavioural control towards a cognitively less expensive but inflexible decision style.

18.
e-BANGI ; 19(6):113-125, 2022.
Artigo em Malay | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2112148

RESUMO

Abstrak: Produktiviti merupakan faktor penting untuk memastikan output yang optimum. Dalam industri kelapa sawit, produktiviti buruh memainkan peranan penting untuk memastikan kelestrarian pengeluaran hasil kelapa sawit mencapai sasaran. Sarawak yang merupakan negeri utama penyumbang industri kelapa sawit di Malaysia terpaksa berhadapan dengan masalah kekurangan tenaga buruh yang serius. Pemberhentian buruh asing disebabkan oleh pandermik Covid 19 menjadikan isu buruh di Sarawak lebih parah. Penglibatan buruh tempatan diharapkan dapat menyelesaikan isu pemberhentian buruh asing. Namun begitu, rata-rata orang tem-patan kurang berminat untuk terlibat dalam sektor pertanian kelapa sawit. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk membin-cangkan penglibatan buruh tempatan dalam pertanian kelapa sawit dan juga strategi untuk meningkatkan produktiviti buruh tempatan. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kuantitatatif dan persampelan bertujuan dalam pengutipan data. Seramai 56 orang pekebun kecil kelapa sawit (PKS) yang mempunyai buruh tempatan telah dipilih. Hasil kajian menunjukkan, jenis buruh tempatan adalah ahli keluarga, sanak saudara dan buruh kam-pung. Mereka ini dibayar secara kontrak dan juga mengikut bilangan pokok kelapa sawit. Dari segi strategi untuk meningkatkan produkviti buruh, menggunakan pekerja yang berkemahiran, amalan pertanian baik, modal yang mencukupi, kemahiran menguruskan haiwan perosak dan penyakit tanaman, pengkhususan kerja, kerja berkumpulan serta memberikan ganjaran merupakan antara saranan yang dikemukan oleh PKS. Jika masalah ini tidak ditangani ia akan menjejaskan keseluruhan industri kelapa sawit khususnya di Sarawak me-mandangkan negeri ini merupakan antara penyumbang terbesar kelapa sawit negara. Jika kerajaan negeri dan persekutuan tidak dapat menyelesaikan isu kekurangan buruh dalam industri kelapa sawit, ia akan men-jejaskan seluruh industri kelapa sawit Malaysia.Alternate :Productivity is an essential factor in ensuring optimal output. In the oil palm industry, labour productivity is vital in ensuring that oil palm production reaches its target/production. Sarawak, a significant contributor to the oil palm industry in Malaysia, faces a severe labour shortage. The layoffs of foreign labour due to the Covid 19 pandemics made the labour issue in Sarawak even worse. The involvement of local labour is expected to resolve the decrease in foreign labour. However, local people have minimal interest in getting involved in the oil palm agriculture sector. This study aims to examine the involvement of local labour in oil palm and strategies to increase local labour productivity. This study uses quantitative methods and purposive sampling in data collection. A total of 56 oil palm smallholders (PKS) who have local labour were selected. The results showed the type of local labour are family members, relatives, and village labour. They are paid on a contract basis and according to the number of oil palm trees. In terms of strategies to increase labour productivity, employing skilled workers, good agricultural practices, adequate capital, skills in managing pests and crop diseases, job specialization, group work, and rewards are among the recommendations put forward by PKS. If this problem still occurs, it will affect the entire oil palm industry, especially in Sarawak, as the state is one of its most significant contributors to oil palm. If the local and federal governments cannot resolve labour shortage issue in the oil palm industry, it will affect Malaysia's entire oil palm industry.

19.
e-BANGI ; 19(6):61-74, 2022.
Artigo em Malay | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2112092

RESUMO

Abstrak: Pada era modenisasi, gradúan menghadapi halangan dan cabaran untuk keluar daripada status pengangguran. Persaingan graduan mendapatkan pekerjaan semakin meningkat berikutan penambahan jumlah graduan yang bergraduasi setiap tahun. Keadaan ekonomi yang merosot disebabkan oleh pandemik COVID-19 turut meningkatkan lagi tahap kesukaran graduan untuk mendapatkan pekerjaan sesuai dengan kelayakan yang dimiliki. Oleh yang demikian, kajian ini dijalankan bagi mengenal pasti pola kebolehpasaran graduan sebelum dan semasa pandemik COVID-19, mengenal pasti faktor yang mempengaruhi kebolehpasaran serta peranan modal sosial terhadap kebolehpasaran graduan. Kajian ini dijalankan ke atas 106 orang responden yang terdiri daripada graduan Program Antropologi & Sosiologi Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia yang ber-graduasi pada tahun 2018, 2019 dan 2020. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan responden dipilih melalui kaedah pensampelan rawak mudah berstrata. Data kajian dianalisis secara deskriptif menggunakan perisian Statistical Packages for The Social Science (SPSS) versi 20. Hasil dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa tahap kebolehpasaran graduan ANSOS UKM yang bergraduasi sebelum dan semasa pandemik berada pada tahap yang sangat baik dan stabil. Kemahiran teknologi digital merupakan salah satu faktor yang boleh meningkatkan tahap kebolehpasaran graduan dan merupakan satu keperluan bagi ke-banyakan majikan. Akhir sekali, dapatan kajian menunjukkan faktor modal sosial yang diperoleh mahasiswa sepanjang pengajian di universiti memberikan pengaruh dan impak positif terhadap tahap kebolehpasaran graduan. Kesimpulannya, graduan haruslah mempersiapkan diri dengan mengasah kemahiran dan membina modal sosial semasa masih bergelar mahasiswa bagi meningkatkan kebolehpasaran diri untuk bersaing dalam pasaran pekerjaan. Implikasi kajian ini terhadap usaha berterusan dalam memastikan kelestarian kebolehpasa-ran graduan khususnya dalam bidang, di samping memperkasa graduan secara menyeluruh.Alternate :In this era of modernization, most graduates are likely to face various challenges and hardships in effort to get themselves out of the state of unemployment. Year by year, the competition amongst graduates to obtain a solid occupation is becoming tougher following the increment in the total number of graduates. The declining nation's economy status due to the impact of COVID-19 pandemic has also become the leading reason for why those graduates find more difficult to secure job opportunities that suits their credibility. For that reason, this study had been conducted to identify the trend in employability of graduates both before and after the COVID-19 pandemic, identify the factors that affect employability as well as the role of social capital on the graduates' employability. This study had been conducted on a total number of 106 respondents which were comprised of the graduates of the Anthropology and Sociology (ANSOS) Program, National University of Malaysia (UKM) who graduated on the year of 2018, 2019 and 2020. This study was quantitative research whereby the respondents had been selected via the technique of stratified simple random sampling. The col-lected data had been analyzed descriptively using Statistical Packages for The Social Science (SPSS) version 20 software. The results of this study showed that the employability level of the ANSOS UKM graduates who graduated before and after the COVID-19 pandemic was satisfactory. Knowledge in digital technology is one of the factors that can increase graduate employability and need in the eyes of most employers. Lastly, social capital influence and have a positive impact on graduate employability. In conclusion, graduates should pre-pare themselves by honing their skills and building social capital as much as possible while still being students to increase their employability to compete in work market. The implications of this study on the ongoing efforts to ensure the sustainability of graduates' employability, especially in the field, in addition to empow-ering gradua es as a whole.

20.
Eesti Arst ; 101(Supplement 4):37, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2111915

RESUMO

Objectives. A variety of different anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody tests are already available in medical laboratories worldwide, and it is quite difficult to compare obtained results due to the diversity and lack of standardization. METHODS. The study included 16 serum samples of patients vaccinated against COVID-19 with different kinds of vaccines and their combinations. Two commonly used anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG spike protein antibody quantitative assays (Abbott Chemiluminescent Microparticle Immunoassay (CMIA) and EUROIMMUN ELISA) were evaluated for correlation. RESULTS. SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody results of Abbott CMIA and EUROIMMUN ELISA assays demonstrated a good correlation (r = 0.7902) between obtained results among patients. Only one sample showed discordant results, respectively;CMIA displayed positive (68 AU/mL;cut-off value is 50 AU/mL), but ELISA-a negative (0.7 ratio;cut-off value is 0.8 ratio) result. CONCLUSIONS. Anti-SARS-Cov-2 IgG spike protein antibody results correlate between Abbott CMIA and EUROIMMUN ELISA assay, despite the lack of standardization of these assays. However, more studies with a wider range of participants need to be carried out to fully demonstrate and prove this correlation, also considering each patient's history of vaccination against COVID-19 and possible COVID-19 infection in their medical history.

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