Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.053
Filtrar
Adicionar filtros

Tipo de documento
Intervalo de ano
1.
Journal of Biochemical Technology ; 13(3):67-70, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | GIM | ID: covidwho-2206964

RESUMO

Covid-19 is a severe acute respiratory syndrome, the disease presents with a ranging from asymptomatic to severe symptomatic illness with multiple organ failure and death, and can cause a severe effect on the coagulation system. This study aimed to determine the effect of the covid 19 on the extrinsic and intrinsic pathway of coagulation [prothrombin time(PT), international normalized ratio (INR), and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)] and to determine the association of age and gender with the severity of COVID-19 in Sudan in order to improve the outcome. A cross-sectional study carried out among 487 COVID-19 patients attending Khartoum State. COVID-19 patients were confirmed by RT-PCR. For all patients, the prothrombin times (PT), International normalized ratio (INR), and Activated partial thromboplastin (APTT) were estimated by using a semi-automated coagulometer analyzer. Patients were divided into three subclass groups according to the Severity of COVID-19 (mild, severe in the emergency room) (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU), and the clotting factors values were compared between the groups. The results were statically analyzed by spss version 21 for data analysis. These results showed statistically significant increased Levels of PT, INR, and APTT for all (P. value = 0.000), compared to the control group. Also, the levels of coagulation tests were higher in ICU COVID-19 patients (P. value = 0.000) compared to mild and severe subgroups. This study concluded that: coagulation clotting times were increased in COVID-19 patients, especially among patients in ICU which could be a marker for DIC and even death.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 14:59-67, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206832

RESUMO

This study aims to analyze the valuation and quantification of assets, liabilities and income in pharmaceutical companies in Indonesia. This research is qualitative in nature, namely research that holistically intends to understand the phenomenon of what is the subject of research, be it events, perceptions, or actions, and in a descriptive way the approach used uses a conceptual approach, and literature studies The results of the study show that valuation and asset quantification use three approaches, namely the market data comparison approach, the revenue capitalization approach and the cost approach, where pharmaceutical companies in Indonesia tend to use these three approaches in assessing assets, then the debt policy of pharmaceutical companies in Indonesia when viewed from the the debt to equity ratio shows a fluctuating value where the risk of debt is still high for the company due to the high value of this ratio, furthermore the income of pharmaceutical companies in Indonesia tends to fluctuate where during the covid 19 pandemic pharmaceutical companies experienced significant revenue growth. Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:3665-3672, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206785

RESUMO

Introduction: Anosmia has been increasingly recognized as one of the most important clinical symptom to be screened for the COVID-19 Objective: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anosmia and its association with COVID-19 risk level among staff in a higher education institution in Malaysia. Method(s): The data was obtained from COVID-19 risk assessment system implemented in the institution within four-month surveillance period from May to September 2020. The risk level was categorised into three levels namely low, moderate, and high depending on the staff reported symptoms and presence of epidemiological link. Pearson Chi Square analysis and Binary Logistic Regression were applied to assess possible association between anosmia and COVID-19 risk level. Result(s): A total of 1787 staff were involved in the analysis;1455 (81.4%) were categorized as low risk, 316 (17.7%) were medium risk and 16 (0.9%) were at high risk of contracting COVID-19. Out of 1787, 65 (3.6%) staff presented with anosmia. There was a statistically significant association between anosmia and COVID-19 risk level. Those with anosmia were 8.31 times more likely to be categorised under higher risk group (medium and high risk) compared to those without anosmia (Odds Ratio (OR): 8.31, beta =2.117, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 4.94-13.99, p < 0.001). Conclusion(s): The COVID-19 risk assessment system is proven to be valid as it demonstrated anosmia association with higher COVID-19 risk level which is consistent the current epidemiological evidence on anosmia. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

4.
Bioscientia Medicina ; 6(13):2582-2590, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2206378

RESUMO

A pandemic is an epidemic of an infectious disease that spreads over a wider area, multiple continents, or the entire world at the same time. Since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic on March 11th, 2020, the world has entered a global emergency phase. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the way of life and become a stressor in this century. Various factors become stressors during a pandemic. Many people experience negative emotions, such as fear, anxiety, and depression, during the COVID-19 pandemic. When negative emotions are no longer controlled, they will have a negative effect on the autonomic nervous system and cerebral cortex, causing psychosomatic and somatic symptoms. Many studies have shown a significant relationship between perceived stress and psychosomatic complaints. Research has also shown that stress during the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with an increase in psychosomatic symptoms. In the future, negative emotions during a pandemic, if not managed properly, can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Peoples who are vulnerable to mental disorders due to COVID-19 include people with chronic diseases. Stressors during a pandemic can exacerbate anxiety, depression, and chronic stress in people with chronic diseases, causing exacerbations of chronic diseases, increasing somatic symptoms, and decreasing immune responses, resulting in increased infection and mortality risk.

5.
HIV Nursing ; 23(1):1010-1016, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2205842

RESUMO

Background: The release of inflammatory cytokines is considered to have a role in COVID-19's pathogenesis. However, irregularities in the formation of blood clots may have also had a role in the fatal outcome Aim: To determine if COVID-19 infection is linked to preterm birth, premature membrane rupture, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, stillbirth, placental abruption, or maternal mortality. Patients and methods: In the months between October 2021 and March 2022, researchers in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at the Salah Al-din Teaching Hospital in the Iraqi province of Salah Al-din conducted a cross-sectional study. Women who presented to the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department with symptoms suggesting a COVID 19 infection and premature birth difficulties made for a convenient sample. Fifty females participated in the research. Characteristics of the participants were reported as both raw numbers and percentages. The Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used to evaluate the differences in clinical features and complications between the infected and healthy pregnant women groups. For statistical significance, a p value of less than 0.05 was used. Results: Fifty pregnant patients were evaluated during the study. There were 17 (34.6%) confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection and 33 (66.6%) cases where the RT-PCR result was negative. Statistically, both IgG and IgM were significant (p 0.05). Participants averaged 33.06 years old (7.43). Significant statistical correlation between older age group and exposure to the virus, with the majority of cases occurring in the age range (35-49 years). There is no clear correlation between the mother's health and COVID-19 infection. Fatigue (90%), dyspnea (80%), cough (70%), headache (64%), sore throat (40%) and a loss of taste and smell (26%), were the next most prevalent symptoms after fever. Fever, dyspnea, and a loss of taste and smell were significantly correlated with the group that was exposed to the disease. C-reactive protein, E-selectin, and S. ferritin are all significantly correlated with COVID-19 infection exposure (p values 0.05). Most of the pregnant women in the study had normal levels of both platelets and white blood cells, with 90% and 60%, respectively, having normal Pit and WBC. Approximately 52% of the pregnant women in the study gave birth to premature babies, with a mean gestational age (GA) of 31 weeks + 2 days. A strong correlation between a maternal history of GDM and increased S. Ferritin and premature births exposed to COVID-19 was discovered. Significant correlation was established between premature vaginal delivery and exposure to COVID-19, with 16 instances (32% of total) compared to 10 cases (20% of total). Statistics also show that there was a considerable increase in the rate of preterm prolabor membrane rupture (PPROM) from the previous term, with 19 instances (38%). Occurrences of obstetric problems such as antepartum haemorrhage (APH) and severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) were documented, although there was no statistically significant link between them (p value > 0.05). However, the incidence of these side effects is greater in COVID-19 patients than in those who were not exposed to the virus. There were no maternal deaths observed, however the rate of stillbirths was significantly greater among individuals with COVID-19 compared to those who had not been exposed during pregnancy. Babies of mothers infected with COVID-19 are more likely to be admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICLJ) for care than those of moms without the virus. Pregnant women with COVID-19 are at increased risk for premature delivery and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes, and the condition also affects NICU admissions. The aim of our study was to determine if COVID-19 infection is linked to preterm birth, premature membrane rupture, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, stillbirth, placental abruption, or maternal mortality.

6.
HIV Nursing ; 23(1):743-747, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2205835

RESUMO

Uncommon, rapidly progressing, and eventually fatal neurological condition called human prion disease. While most occurrences are sporadic, many can be acquired or inherited. In the current study, we focus on the case of a 63-year-old man who initially had vision problems then exhibits difficulty using his right side for daily activities and who begins to experience frequent falls with gait instability about a week after receiving the second dosage of the novel Pfizer-BioNTech messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) COVID-19 vaccination. Confidential findings confirmed the fatal diagnoses of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease following a thorough study.

7.
Cardiometry ; - (24):849-858, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2204496

RESUMO

With the recent pandemic due to COVID-19 and several other uncertain events (due to human error or natural disaster), designing and implementation of Business Continuity Plan (BCP) has become a vital part of any organization. The organizations must prepare in advance and identify all possible uncertain events which may cause hindrance in their services. They must also access the consequences due to such events, which helps them devise such a plan that their operations do not pause even in such a disaster. This research explores the possibilities and finds a standard set of steps that must be taken care of while designing, testing, and implementing BCP. In this research paper, a systematic literature review has been performed on a previous research paper in the area of Business Continuity Plan to explore various options that an organization may adopt during a disaster. The studies were of moderate quality and had a low chance of being skewed by publishing prejudice. Subgroup analyses were not possible due to the heterogeneity of outcome tests, follow-up durations, and research forms. The new research should be used to help create and evaluate executive training strategies that facilitate long-term adaptive coping with PSP and reduce PT-SIs. The aim of this systematic review and metanalysis is to assess PSP coping effects over time. The number of patients born with congenital heart disease need to be monitored for the rest of their lives. Discontinuity of treatment, on the other hand, is a well-known issue that tends to be worsening at the time of transition to adulthood.

8.
Ekonomska Misao i Praksa ; 31(2):473-486, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2204442

RESUMO

There are many examples of increasing risk exposure in supply chains in recent years. The Covid-19 pandemic proved to be a huge challenge in the last two years, and the war in Ukraine is currently creating uncertainty in the food industry. In our study, we specifically identify and examine risks threatening the food supply chains. In addition to classifying risks, we examine the dynamic capabilities that companies need to have when operating in the downstream supply chain processes in order to mitigate these risks. The research uses a qualitative methodology and explores the range of required corporate capabilities through interviews with manufacturers as focal companies of a food supply chain. We hypothesise that sensing capability and flexibility, as well as communication and coordination skills, will be key to managing threats. As a result of our study, we can ascertain that the security of supply chain operations does not only depend on supply chain capabilities.Alternate :Posljednjih godina ima mnogo primjera izlaganja povećanom riziku u opskrbnim lancima. Pandemija COVIDA-19 bila je velik izazov u posljednje dvije godine, a rat u Ukrajini trenutno stvara nesigurnost u području prehrambene industrije. U ovom istraživanju identificiraju se i istražuju rizici kojima su izloženi lanci opskrbe hranom. Osim klasifikacije rizika, ispitali smo dinamičke sposobnosti koje poduzeća trebaju imati kad posluju u downstream procesima opskrbnih lanaca kako bi se umanjili rizici. U istraživanju koristi se kvalitativna metodologija, a istražuje se niz traženih korporativnih sposobnosti na temelju intervjua s proizvoðačima kao središnjim poduzećima u lancu opskrbe hranom. Postavljena je hipoteza da će sposobnost osjećanja i fleksibilnost te komunikacijske i koordinacijske vještine biti ključne u borbi s izazovima. Rezultati istraživanja pokazali su da sigurnost poslovanja opskrbnih lanaca ne ovisi samo o sposobnostima opskrbnog lanca.

9.
China Tropical Medicine ; 22(8):756-761, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203857

RESUMO

Objective To assess imported risk of COVID-19 in Hainan province from January 10 to March 7 in 2020, and to assess the effect of "The Normalization Prevention and Control" (measures during the Spring Festival Travel Rush (SFTR) in Hainan in 2021. Methods The daily reported imported cases in Hainan province, the daily reported cases in other 30 province of China, and the Baidu Migration Index were collected to calculated into the Imported Risk Index (IRI) to quantitatively assess the imported risk of Hainan province. Based on the analysis of the relationship between the imported risk index and imported cases, an imported case prediction model was constructed to fit the number of imported cases in "emergency containment" stage in Hainan. And number of imported cases during the Spring Festival Travel rush in 2021 was predicted by this model to compared with the actual number, which was to evaluate the "Normalization Prevention and Control" measures in this model was also used to assess the effect of "Normalization Prevention and Control" measures during the SFTR in 2021. Results Totally 112 imported cases were reported in Hainan. The average IRI was 0.98. Haikou, Sanya and Danzhou have the highest imported risk. Except Haikou, the imported risk index of all cities and counties reached the maximum value around January 24th. The generalized additive model based on the lag 4 days and lag 5 days was best fitted with the actual imported cases number (R2adjust1=83.50%, R2adjust2=82.00%, MRE=17.61%). If "Emergency Containment" strategy was still adopted, there were 10 COVID-19 cases imported into Hainan during the SFTR in 2021. Under the "Normalization Prevention and Control" strategy, virtually no imported cases were found in Hainan. Conclusions Tourism cities such as Haikou and Sanya have high imported risks. Hubei and Guangdong provinces are the main imported provinces. The Generalized Additive Model based on the Imported Risk Index can better fit with the imported cases number of COVID-19 in Hainan Province in "emergency containment". Compared with the "Emergency Containment" strategy, the "Normalization Prevention and Control" strategy adopted during the SFTR in 2021 reduced imported cases in Hainan by about 10. © 2022. China Tropical Medicine. All rights reserved.

10.
Huanjing Kexue/Environmental Science ; 43(12):5522-5533, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203843

RESUMO

During the CIVID-19 pandemic, water samples were collected from 26 sampling points in 18 typical drinking water sources in Wuhan, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) methods were used to measure the concentrations of 31 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the water samples. The pollution characteristics of PPCPs were analyzed and their ecological and health risks were assessed. The results showed that a total of 23 PPCPs were detected in the 26 sampling points. Among them, five types of PPCPs were detected with a detection rate of 100%, with total concentrations ranging from 102.44 ng•L -1 to 745.78 ng•L -1, and the average concentration was 206.87 ng•L -1. The highest concentrations were in salicylic acid (SA) and doxycycline (DIC), ranging from 28.24 to 534.24 ng•L -1 and 28.72 to 416.6 ng•L -1, respectively. According to the spatial distribution of PPCPs, the concentration of antibiotics in the Hanjiang River was higher than that in the Yangtze River, whereas the concentration of other types of PPCPs in the Yangtze River was higher than that in the Hanjiang River. The ecological risk assessment results showed that the toxic risk in algae was higher than those in invertebrates and fish. The risks of salicylic acid (SA), doxycycline (DIC), lincomycin (LIN), and chlortetracycline (CTE) to algae were at a high level, and the ecological risk of PPCPs in the Hanjiang River was generally higher than that in the Yangtze River. The health risk assessment results showed that the risk to adults and children by drinking water ranged from 1.14 × 10 -4 to 0.136 and from 1.04 × 10 -4 to 0.821, respectively. The health risk to children was higher than that to adults, although their levels were low. Compared with the concentrations of PPCPs in drinking water sources of Wuhan in recent years, under the CIVID-19 pandemic, the pollution status of PPCPs in the Yangtze River was at a medium level, whereas it was at a high level in the Hanjiang River. © 2022 Science Press. All rights reserved.

11.
Gastrointestinal Nursing ; 20(10):42-46, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2203785

RESUMO

Background: Budesonide multimatrix is prescribed to treat forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during periods of relapse, and it is licensed to treat mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis (UC). However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a rise in the use of budesonide multimatrix to treat all forms of IBD after fears that systemic corticosteroid use, such as prednisolone, could increase the risk of COVID-19 severity. Methods: This audit included records of all patients who were prescribed the budesonide multimatrix Cortiment (9 mg once a day) over a year in NHS Lothian. Patients were grouped by disease activity at the point of prescription (Partial Mayo Score (PMS) less than 5 showed milder disease and above 5 showed more severe disease) and disease phenotype. The primary endpoint was response at 8 weeks from start of treatment, grouped into full response, partial response, no response and escalation. Results: The full response rate to budesonide multimatrix was 52% among all patients, but 80% in those with PMS ≤4 and only 15% in those with a PMS ≥5. By phenotype, response rates were 41% in Crohn's disease, 50% in IBD unclassified, 56% in proctitis, 56% in left-sided colitis and 51% in pancolitis. Conclusions: Budesonide multimatrix is effective to treat mild disease but is not effective in patients who are having a moderate-to-severe flare of IBD. This medication was 80% effective if the PMS was below 5, suggesting that it is very effective in mild disease.

12.
Dianzi Keji Daxue Xuebao/Journal of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China ; 51(6):937-946, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203684

RESUMO

This paper assesses the potential risks of epidemic situation and public opinion during the Beijing Winter Olympic Games by analyzing the epidemic situation and public opinion of the Tokyo Olympic Games. The results show that there is a strong time-lag correlation between the COVID-19 epidemic and the public opinion of the Tokyo Olympics. For the epidemic situation, the multi-agent modeling method is used at the city level to simulate the possible spread of diseases in the city where the event was held. At the Olympic village level, the modified the SEIR transmission model is modified to simulate the virus transmission in the Olympic Village during the Beijing Winter Olympic Games. At the end, the risk analysis of the Beijing Winter Olympic Games is carried out based on the time series prediction model. © 2022, Editorial Board of Journal of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. All right reserved.

13.
Journal of Pediatric Infection / Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi ; 16(4):285-287, 2022.
Artigo em Turco | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2202790

RESUMO

Although COVID-19 was first described as a respiratory disease, current data has shown that it is a disease with multisystemic involvement including respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological, hematological and immune systems. COVID-19 associated liver injury may be due to various potential mechanisms. Direct viral cytotoxic effect, immun mediated injury, drugs, ischemic injury due to hypoxia-hypoperfusion are among these mechanisms. Here we present a five year-old male patient who had no known history of liver disease admitted to our clinic due to elevated transaminase during the course of COVID-19 infection.

14.
Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering ; 20(2):2530-2543, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2201219

RESUMO

With continuing emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 variants, understanding the proportion of the population protected against infection is crucial for public health risk assessment and decision-making and so that the general public can take preventive measures. We aimed to estimate the protection against symptomatic illness caused by SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variants BA.4 and BA.5 elicited by vaccination against and natural infection with other SARS-CoV-2 Omicron subvariants. We used a logistic model to define the protection rate against symptomatic infection caused by BA.1 and BA.2 as a function of neutralizing antibody titer values. Applying the quantified relationships to BA.4 and BA.5 using two different methods, the estimated protection rate against BA.4 and BA.5 was 11.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.01–25.4) (method 1) and 12.9% (95% CI: 8.8–18.0) (method 2) at 6 months after a second dose of BNT162b2 vaccine, 44.3% (95% CI: 20.0–59.3) (method 1) and 47.3% (95% CI: 34.1–60.6) (method 2) at 2 weeks after a third BNT162b2 dose, and 52.3% (95% CI: 25.1–69.2) (method 1) and 54.9% (95% CI: 37.6–71.4) (method 2) during the convalescent phase after infection with BA.1 and BA.2, respectively. Our study indicates that the protection rate against BA.4 and BA.5 are significantly lower compared with those against previous variants and may lead to substantial morbidity, and overall estimates were consistent with empirical reports. Our simple yet practical models enable prompt assessment of public health impacts posed by new SARS-CoV-2 variants using small sample-size neutralization titer data to support public health decisions in urgent situations. © 2023 the Author(s)

15.
Frontiers in Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2198773

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic affected public health, economy, social life, and the environment. It infected and killed millions of people around the world. Most of the recent literature has focused on the medications to combat this virus, including antivirals and vaccines, but studies about its effect on the environment are still rare, particularly on the water sector. Most of the studies concentrate on the effect of water availability on COVID-19, the effect of the used medications on the water, and the probability of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 through water. Herein, we have summarized the effects of COVID-19 on the water sector from many perspectives. We show different methods to detect the effect of the pandemic on water and also methods to investigate the presence of the virus or its RNA in the water. We also show the different effects of its presence in the wastewater, the probability of transmission, the detection of different variants, and the prediction of new waves. We also show the disadvantages and advantages of the pandemic in the water sector. We finally suggest some recommendations to face this pandemic and the future pandemics for the governments and water policymakers, water treatment plants, general population, and researchers. The aim of this review is to show the different aspects of the pandemic in order to give a general idea about what must be done in order to minimize its effect and any probable pandemic in the future.

16.
EFSA Supporting Publications ; 19(12), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2198370

RESUMO

According to its Founding Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 178/2002), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was tasked to establish a system of networks of organisations operating in the fields within EFSA's remit, with the objective to facilitate a scientific cooperation framework by coordinating activities, exchanging information, developing and implementing joint projects, and exchanging expertise and best practices. The Scientific Network on Risk Assessment in Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) aims to build a mutual understanding of risk assessment principles in the areas of animal health and welfare, to promote harmonisation of animal health and welfare risk assessment practices and methodologies, and to reduce the duplication of activities by identifying and sharing current and upcoming priorities. The network organises an annual meeting dedicated to animal health‐related issues to discuss and exchange on all topics relevant and interesting to its member organisations. In 2022, this annual meeting took place on 27 and 28 June. Among all topics covered, special attention was paid to avian influenza, African swine fever and SARS‐CoV‐2. One Health surveillance and biosecurity were further highlights in 2022. This report summarises the activities presented by members and observers of the network as well as EFSA's contributions during the meeting.

17.
Italian Journal of Gender-Specific Medicine ; 8(3):154-162, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2197600

RESUMO

Personalized medicine, and particularly gender medicine, is becoming essential in daily medical practice. This narrative review aims to assess sex and gender differences in occupational risks among workers. We point out that female workers are more exposed to biological risks (i.e., 70% of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic were women), but also seem to be more protected against microorganisms (i.e., for HBV vaccination: OR 1.21, p = 0.0023);with regard to physical risks, women are more susceptible to radiations (the estimated incidence of solid tu-mors for 0.1 Gy of exposure is 0.013% in females and 0.008% in males), while men are more susceptible to heat (infertility prevalence was 22.7% in exposed workers vs 3.0% in con-trols);female video terminal workers are more susceptible to both computer vision syndrome (aOR 2.57 and aOR 2.35) and musculoskeletal symptoms (OR 3.6). From a psychological point of view, women are more at risk for work-relat-ed stress and burnout, as well as workplace mobbing (65% of affected workers are women) and verbal violence, while physical violence was more common among men. In conclu-sion, important sex and gender differences are present with regard to occupational risks and hazards, thus showing the necessity to improve medical surveillance and to allow occupational physicians to personalize health surveillance. © 2022, Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore s.r.l.. All rights reserved.

18.
Revista Brasileira de Saude Ocupacional ; 47(ecov4), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | GIM | ID: covidwho-2197546

RESUMO

Objectives: to evaluate the dimensional validity of the perception scale of the risk of contracting COVID-19 and its association with sociodemographic and occupational factors, as well as with sleep complaints, among healthcare workers. Methods: cross-sectional study, carried out between May and August 2020, involving healthcare workers from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. They filled in an online questionnaire regarding their work activities, risk perception of contracting COVID-19, and health behavior. We used factor analysis and binomial and multinomial regression models, adjusted for confounders. Results: 2,996 workers participated. Factor analysis confirmed the scale unidimensionality. Greater chances of high-risk perception were reported by women;caretakers of children/ elderly;those with a work journey of more than 40h/week;workers from primary health care and emergency units, and from general and specialized hospitals. High risk perception was associated with altered sleep duration (OR = 2.39;95%CI = 1.95;2.94), use (OR = 2.08;95%CI = 1.67;2.58) and increased dose of sleep medications (OR = 1.91;95%CI = 1.47;2.48). Conclusion: risk perception was associated with women, caretakers of children/elderly, longer working hours, sleep complaints, and use of sleeping pills. Investigating factors associated with stressful events, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, can support actions planning aimed at preventing diseases among healthcare workers.

19.
Eur J Med Res ; 28(1):4, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2196458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) presentations range from those similar to the common flu to severe pneumonia resulting in hospitalization with significant morbidity and/or mortality. In this study, we made an attempt to develop a predictive scoring model to improve the early detection of high risk COVID-19 patients by analyzing the clinical features and laboratory data available on admission. METHODS: We retrospectively included 480 consecutive adult patients, aged 21-95, who were admitted to Faghihi Teaching Hospital. Clinical and laboratory features were collected from the medical records and analyzed using multiple logistic regression analysis. The final data analysis was utilized to develop a simple scoring model for the early prediction of mortality in COVID-19 patients. The score given to each associated factor was based on the coefficients of the regression analyses. RESULTS: A novel mortality risk score (COVID-19 BURDEN) was derived, incorporating risk factors identified in this cohort. CRP (> 73.1 mg/L), O(2) saturation variation (greater than 90%, 84-90%, and less than 84%), increased PT (> 16.2 s), diastolic blood pressure (≤ 75 mmHg), BUN (> 23 mg/dL), and raised LDH (> 731 U/L) were the features constituting the scoring system. The patients are triaged to the groups of low- (score < 4) and high-risk (score ≥ 4) groups. The area under the curve, sensitivity, and specificity for predicting mortality in patients with a score of ≥ 4 were 0.831, 78.12%, and 70.95%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Using this scoring system in COVID-19 patients, the patients with a higher risk of mortality can be identified which will help to reduce hospital care costs and improve its quality and outcome.

20.
Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine ; 45(1):80-84, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2194878

RESUMO

7.A mismatch between the expectation/perceived benefit from meditation and the principle/purported goals of the meditation practices should be clarified before inducting the participants into the meditation program. There is a need for a structured protocol for screening the participants before they are inducted into the meditation, particularly because meditation has been increasingly promoted for psychological well-being following the COVID-19 pandemic, and for monitoring participants subsequent meditation practices. The Setting of Meditation All the patients were involved in deep meditation without being in touch with their instructor (unsupervised meditation). [Extracted from the article]

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA