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1.
Journal of Psychiatric Research ; 158:104-113, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165626

RESUMO

It is important to understand the relationship between stress and problematic use of social media (PUSM). However, no study to our knowledge has yet investigated the longitudinal relationship between perceived stress and PUSM via positive and negative reinforcement processes. The present study investigated relationships between COVID-19-pandemic-related stress and PUSM and possible moderating effects of motives for using social media (positive and/or negative reinforcement) during and following a COVID-19-pandemic-related lockdown. Six-hundred-and-sixty participants initially completed a survey including self-report measures of PUSM, COVID-19-pandemic-related stress, and motives for using social media (i.e., for negative reinforcement involving coping and conformity or positive reinforcements involving enhancement and social motives). During the COVID-19 outbreak recovery period, 117 participants again completed the survey. Bayesian analyses revealed that PUSM was associated with higher COVID-19-pandemic-related stress levels and use of social media for coping, conformity, and enhancement purposes. Longitudinally, PUSM symptom worsening was associated with increased use of social media for coping motives regardless of levels of perceived stress. Use of social media for conformity and enhancement purposes moderated relationships between stress levels during lockdown and PUSM symptoms worsening after lockdown. Our findings corroborate the hypothesis that negative reinforcement processes may be key factors in PUSM symptom worsening regardless of perceived stress. Concurrently, high levels of stress may worsen PUSM through positive reinforcement processes.

2.
Information & Management ; 60(2):103745, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165410

RESUMO

Fake news has led to a polarized society as evidenced by diametrically opposed perceptions of and reactions to global events such as the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and presidential campaigns. Popular press has linked individuals' political beliefs and cultural values to the extent to which they believe in false content shared on social networking sites (SNS). However, sweeping generalizations run the risk of helping exacerbate divisiveness in already polarized societies. This study examines the effects of individuals' political beliefs and espoused cultural values on fake news believability using a repeated-measures design (that exposes individuals to a variety of fake news scenarios). Results from online questionnaire-based survey data collected from participants in the US and India help confirm that conservative individuals tend to exhibit increasing fake news believability and show that collectivists tend to do the same. This study advances knowledge on characteristics that make individuals more susceptible to lending credence to fake news. In addition, this study explores the influence exerted by control variables (i.e., age, sex, and Internet usage). Findings are used to provide implications for theory as well as actionable insights.

3.
Government Information Quarterly ; : 101798, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165313

RESUMO

In situations of crisis, governments must acknowledge that communication is a major weapon in their armoury, and can be used to convince the public to accept sometimes stringent measures, while preventing a worsening of the situation by curbing any spread of panic. Theoretically, during a pandemic, fear can be contained at reasonable levels by governments counterbalancing uncertainty with information. However, there is no empirical evidence on how the flow of information during a crisis can influence emotional states among the population. In this process, social media appears to be a valuable tool for governments to observe emotional response in a population. In the light of this and within the context of the Italian government's social media campaign #iorestoacasa (‘I'm staying at home') launched during the Covid-19 crisis, the current study utilises text analytics to explore the relationship between government and press communication, and the level of fear expressed by citizens through more than 200 thousand #iorestoacasa tweets. The results highlight how the content of the messages evolved in the early part of the outbreak and during the social media campaign. They suggest that in Italy the discussion regarding the efforts made by the European Council to find common solutions for dealing with the emergency has prompted a positive influence on public mood. Conversely, messages about people's individual vulnerability and the associated sense of an external locus of control correlated positively with levels of fear. This study opens new ways to support government communication during a crisis by monitoring public emotional response through social media.

4.
AJPM Focus ; : 100062, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165302

RESUMO

Introduction While surveys are a well-established instrument to capture population prevalence of mental health at a moment in time, public Twitter is a continuously available data source that can provide a broader window into population mental health. We characterized the relationship between COVID-19 case counts, stay-at-home orders due to COVID-19, and anxiety and depression in seven major US cities utilizing Twitter data. Methods We collected 18 million Tweets from January to September 2019 (baseline), and 2020 from seven US cities with large populations and varied COVID-19 response protocols: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, and Phoenix. We applied machine-learning-based language prediction models for depression and anxiety validated in previous work with Twitter data. As an alternative public big data source, we explored Google trends data using search query frequencies. A qualitative evaluation of trends is presented. Results Twitter depression and anxiety scores were consistently elevated above their 2019 baselines across all seven locations. Twitter depression scores increased during the early phase of the pandemic, with a peak in early summer, and a subsequent decline in late summer. The pattern of depression trends was aligned with national COVID-19 case trends rather than with trends in individual States. Anxiety was consistently and steadily elevated throughout the pandemic. Google search trends data showed noisy and inconsistent results. Conclusions Our study demonstrates feasibility of using Twitter to capture trends of depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 public health crisis and suggests that social media data can supplement survey data to monitor long-term mental health trends.

5.
Computers & Industrial Engineering ; : 108943, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165160

RESUMO

Aiming at the complex and changeable environment and the low public participation in emergency decision-making, this article proposes a method for the dynamic collaboration of the public and experts in large-scale group emergency decision-making (LSGEDM) based on social media data. First, sentiment analysis is carried out on text data from social media platforms to evaluate the quality of LSGEDM at both the attribute and comprehensive levels. Then, according to the decision-making quality at the attribute level, a method for the dynamic updating of attribute weights is proposed. Next, in the social network environment, the trust relationship between experts is dynamically updated based on the comprehensive quality of decision-making and the distance between the expert and group preferences, and expert weights are calculated by the improved PageRank algorithm. Finally, the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method are verified via its application to the COVID-19 epidemic in China and a comparative analysis.

6.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(16):4342-4359, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164843

RESUMO

Introduction: The Cleanliness, Healthy, Safety, Environment Sustainability (CHSE) program is a program from the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economyof the Republic of Indonesia (Kemenparekraf)which aims to save the tourism and creative economy sectors during the Covid-19pandemic. Objective and Methodology: Thestudyattemptedtoexplainthestrategyofsocializingandimplementing CHSEprograminthehotelandrestaurantindustrybythegovernmentasaformofindustrialandeconomic recovery due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The method used a case study with data collection through interviews and FGD with institutions developing strategy, namely Kemenparekraf, business actors, and Indonesian Hotel and Restaurant Association (PHRI)in Bandung and its surroundings. Thenumberofkey-informants becoming the source of research data was 11people. Result and Recommendation: The results of this study concluded that the socialization of CHSE program requires a direct communication strategy by the government in stages in an effort to build stakeholder understanding and encourage implementation and standardization of its application. The communication strategy to encourage the implementation of CHSE to support adoption and response to certification requires a G-to-G meeting between the government and PHRI. In addition, it requires the efforts of online media, social media and hotel internal media-based platforms that introduces CHSE to hotel guests. All of theseeffortsresultedinapositiveresponsefrombusinessactors.However, this socialization effort requires a vaccination program to improve comfort and safety and loosen mobility by reducing the tightness of people'smovements. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:713-722, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164814

RESUMO

Aim: The primary aim of this research is to increase the intensity percentage of personage traits detection to reveal the impact of coronavirus on Twitter users by utilizing machine learning classifier algorithms by comparing Novel Naive Bayes Classifier algorithm and Logistic Regression algorithm. Material(s) and Method(s): Naive Bayes Classifier algorithm with test size=10 and Logistic Regression algorithm with test size=10 was estimated several times to envision the efficiency percentage with confidence interval of 95% and G-power (value=0.8). Naive Bayes classifier compares whether a specific feature in a class is unrelated to another feature. A logistic regression model predicts the probability of an item belonging to one group or another. Results and Discussion: Naive Bayes algorithm has greater efficiency (86%) when compared to Logistic Regression efficiency (60%). The results achieved with significance value p=0.169 (p>0.05) shows that two groups are statistically insignificant. Conclusion(s): Naive Bayes Algorithm executes remarkably greater than the Logistic Regression algorithm. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

8.
Media and Communication ; 10(4):180-190, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2164393

RESUMO

The article analyses the proliferation of narratives about Covid-19 as an orchestrated political event among female lifestyle influencers on Czech Instagram. As the Covid-19 pandemic turned even the most basic everyday activities into politically loaded questions, the boundaries between lifestyle, domestic, and political content posted by influencers became increas-ingly blurred. The article explores this process of "politicisation of the domestic” with a focus on (a) the gendered character of influencer communities on Instagram, (b) the process of authority building within the newly politicised and gendered spaces, and (c) the post-socialist socio-political context of the Czech Republic that frames current political events by sym-bolic references to a totalitarian past. Empirically, the article builds on data collected using digital ethnography and ethnographic content analysis of selected Czech female lifestyle influencers' Instagram profiles. © 2022 by the author(s);licensee Cogitatio (Lisbon, Portugal).

9.
Observatorio ; 16(3):157-168, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2164351

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate the implication of university students in Covid-19-related misinformation dissemination in Morocco using an online questionnaire sent out to various faculties and online student groups around the country. A total of 295 university students responded to the questionnaire. The majority of respondents 269/295 (91.2%) claimed to have come across misinformation during the pandemic. The main source of misinformation was online news outlets (77.2%). The most frequent subjects of misinformation had to do with confinement and curfews (24.2%), the politics around the pandemic (17.2%) and the Covid-19 vaccine (16.6%). Some 36.6% of respondents reported having transmitted misinformation at least once. Overall, the difference between medical and non-medical students' implication in misinformation dissemination did not reach statistical significance (Chi-square = 6.37, p=0.095). Misinformation, in particular, among university students has potentially been an obstacle to satisfactory Covid-19 response. University students should be a focus of interventions aimed at combatting misinformation. Copyright © 2022 (Klevor, Camara, Ait Taleb, Taouzer, Kissani, Chraa).

10.
Revista Latina De Comunicacion Social ; 81:109-132, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2163931

RESUMO

Introduction: This research aims to show the vision of prominent journalists in regards to the adaptation of science journalism to digital contexts. In addition, it addresses the possibilities offered by this web ecosystem to use transmedia narratives and TikTok as platforms for dissemination.Methodology: The methodology applied included semi-structured interviews with professionals linked to institutions, media, and university researchers in the area of Communication.Results: The study demonstrates the opportunity that the transmedia environment represents for science journalism as an ally to bring knowledge closer to new audiences. On a practical level, they point out its graphic potential, access and immediacy, in addition to proposing recommendations on content, style and relationship with the users of the messages that are disseminated in TikTok.Discussion: The research also includes a critical sense of the need for professionals and the media to adapt to new environments as a vital factor for sustainability. Understanding that it is not a question of passing trends but of the challenge of recovering the confidence of audiences and guaranteeing their viability.Conclusions: In addition to reporting rigorously on topics of interest at a critical moment of misinformation, it must aspire to create communities around science and generate attractive content for audiences not accustomed to this information. Avoiding a replicating use of social networks, taking advantage of all their narrative possibilities and, ultimately, contributing to reinforce the value of the professional practice in a context of media discrediting.

11.
Croatian Regional Development Journal ; 3(2):48-75, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2162841

RESUMO

The covid-19 pandemic is a major health challenge for society and health workers globally. The study sought to determine the effect of perception, attitudes, and myths on vaccine acceptance in residents in West African countries. This cross-sectional study of 1170 respondents was conducted while maintaining social distancing measures in sub-Sahara Africa. Data was collected using a validated self-administered questionnaire via social media platforms. Data gathered were analysed using SPSS version 25.0 for windows. Of 1170 responses received, 59.5%, 51.8%, 70.8%, and 39.5% were from respondents between 30–39 years, males, from English-speaking countries, and had a college degree or above. Respondents had good knowledge (96.999%) of the COVID-19 vaccine, and information about the vaccine was mainly through social media/internet (55.6%) and media houses (23.8%). The overall results show that the majority of the respondents, 96.80% were aware of the Vaccine through social media. However, the findings from covariates show that myth and perception, gender, educational qualification, and employment status have a significant impact (p<0.05) on COVID-19 vaccine acceptance. The study suggests that people in Sub-Saharan Africa need to be reassured of the importance of vaccinations through proper information dissemination. Thus, information highlighted a need for Stakeholders and Policymakers to contribute to holding an optimistic attitude and perception free of devoid of misconceptions circulating on social media towards vaccine acceptance. [ FROM AUTHOR]

12.
Saude e Sociedade ; 31(4) (no pagination), 2022.
Artigo em Português | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2162705

RESUMO

Parallel to the covid-19 pandemic, the World Health Organization warns of an infodemic of fake news related to the disease. This integrative review investigates the dimension of this phenomenon and how science found ways to confront it. A bibliographic search was conducted on the Scopus/Elsevier and Medline/PubMed databases, retrieving 23 articles. Literature analysis found that fake news provide false social support and mobilize feelings which make them more acceptable than the truth. Hence, social media and the internet emerge as platforms to spread false information. Research suggests that government and media institutions can use communication channels and monitoring and infoveillance technologies as allies to alert, elucidate, and remove misleading content. We find the need of investments in scientific and digital literacy actions so people may assess the quality of the information they receive. Finally, this study proposes the adoption of creative strategies to foster reasoning skills together with scientific information translated into an accessible language, preferably approved by health and institutional authorities. Copyright © 2022, Universidade de Sao Paulo. Museu de Zoologia. All rights reserved.

13.
Cadernos de Saude Publica ; 38(11), 2022.
Artigo em Português | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2162688

RESUMO

Considering that the Internet and especially social media work as a locus for the circulation of information on COVID-19, this study aimed to assess the attention given to the vaccine theme on Instagram and Facebook in posts throughout two years of pandemic, identifying the temporality in which discussion about the different immunizing agents in social media and highlighting the actors who permeated the discussions on the subject. Data were collected using the CrowdTangle graphical interface, based on search terms in Portuguese related to vaccines approved for use in Brazil and it included posts from public Facebook pages and open Instagram profiles made from January 1st, 2020, to December 31st, 2021. The database included 3,876,408 posts (2,901,457 on Facebook and 974,952 on Instagram). The results showed an alternation of Pfizer, CoronaVac, AstraZeneca, and Janssen vaccines as the focus of discussion, following the public debate established in the country around the dilemmas and advances related to the development, production, distribution, and application of immunizing agents. References to institutions involved in the acquisition and production of immunizing agents were also identified, such as the Brazilian Ministry of Health, the Butantan Institute, and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, present among the thousand social actors that most generated comments from users in both networks. It was evidenced that the debate on immunizing agents, in the analyzed channels and period, was permeated by social media related to journalism and politicians and celebrities' pages and profiles.

14.
International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics ; 12(4):429-444, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2162614

RESUMO

In the last decade, social networks have increasingly been used in social sciences to monitor consumer preferences and citizens' opinion formation, as they are able to produce a massive amount of data. In this paper, we aim to collect and analyse data from Twitter posts identifying emerging patterns related to the COVID-19 outbreak and to evaluate the economic sentiment of users during the pandemic. Using the Twitter API, we collected tweets containing the term coronavirus and at least a keyword related to the economy selected from a pre-determined batch, obtaining a database of approximately two million tweets. We show that our Economic Twitter Index (ETI) is able to nowcast the current state of economic sentiment, exhibiting peaks and drops related to real-world events. Finally, we test our index and it shows a positive correlation to standard economic indicators. Copyright © 2022 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

15.
European Psychiatry ; 65(Supplement 1):S540, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2162461

RESUMO

Introduction: Discovered in December 2019, COVID has affected the entire planet, through direct exposure to its virus;SARS-COV- 2, or indirectly through the media, Indeed, on January 20, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to be "a public health emergency of international concern." Along with other public health crises and other collective trauma (terrorism, H1N1 epidemic or SARS-COV), exposure to publicized information on this virus generates psychiatric disorders, in particular anxiety and absence of well-being. Objective(s): To link exposure to information about this pandemic through social media and anxiety and lack of well-being. Method(s): Use of a questionnaire consisting of three sections, individual status and conditions, the French versions of the GAD-7 scale for anxiety (Generalized anxiety scale of 7items) and the WHO-5 (five well-being index). This questionnaire is dedicated to the general population who have not been in direct contact with the virus, but through the media. Result(s): We were able to collect 209 participants, they were essentially females with a mean age of 28yo, 17,7% had psychiatric history of anxiety and depression, the median use of social medias was 5.7 hours per day. And they were essentially getting their information about the pandemic from Instagram, Facebook, the Moroccan ministry of health's website and electronic newspapers. 31,1% of our participants had anxiety which was above a Chinese study, and had a poor well-being. Conclusion(s): the use of social media to get information about the pandemic had an impact on well-being and anxiety.

16.
Am J Health Promot ; : 8901171221141974, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2162185

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH) sponsored a TikTok contest to improve vaccination rates among young people. This analysis sought to advance understanding of COVID-19 vaccine perceptions among ADPH contestants and TikTok commenters. APPROACH: This exploratory content analysis characterized sentiment and imagery in the TikTok videos and comments. Videos were coded by two reviewers and engagement metrics were collected for each video. SETTING: Publicly available TikTok videos entered into ADPH's contest with the hashtags #getvaccinatedAL and #ADPH between July 16 - August 6, 2021. PARTICIPANTS: ADPH contestants (n = 44) and TikTok comments (n = 502). METHOD: A content analysis was conducted;videos were coded by two reviewers and engagement metrics was collected for each video (e.g., reason for vaccination, content, type of vaccination received). Video comments were analyzed using VADER, a lexicon and rule-based sentiment analysis tool). RESULTS: Of 44 videos tagged with #getvaccinatedAL and #ADPH, 37 were related to the contest. Of the 37 videos, most cited family/friends and civic duty as their reason to get the COVID-19 vaccine. Videos were shared an average of 9 times and viewed 977 times. 70% of videos had comments, ranging from 0-61 (mean 44). Words used most in positively coded comments included, "beautiful," "smiling face emoji with 3 hearts," "masks," and "good.;" whereas words used most in negatively coded comments included "baby," "me," "chips," and "cold." CONCLUSION: Understanding COVID-19 vaccine sentiment expressed on social media platforms like TikTok can be a powerful tool and resource for public health messaging.

17.
Journal of Communication Inquiry ; : 1, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2162160

RESUMO

This paper examined the adoption of social media to disperse information at the beginning of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. Content analysis was employed to identify and select relevant posts for presidents of five African countries (Egypt, South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, and Nigeria) from February to July 2020, which were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods. Results indicate that African leaders utilized Facebook mostly in April, posting majorly in text form about issues centered on diplomatic ties, information and orientation, and preventive measures. Followers were more inclined to share the posts than they react by emojis and comments based on Facebook account, post form, and post topic. The findings demonstratively uphold the significance of social media in leadership communication, highlighting ways by which frequent and dominant content can be directed in messages during a crisis. [ FROM AUTHOR]

18.
2022 Central and Eastern European eDem and eGov Days: Hate Speech and Fake News - Fate or Issue to Tackle?, CEEeGov 2022 ; : 78-82, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2162015

RESUMO

Digitalization enables significant opportunities for individuals as well as for society as a whole. However, the number of "offliners"remains high. It is true that pressure to use social media has increased in recent years, especially as a result of the Corona pandemic, as many shops and authorities had closed and in many cases appointments could only be made online. However, the so-called "age gap"has only decreased slightly in recent years. Previous support programmes by the state for older people using more internet services had only moderate success. But not everyone can use digital media, and many do not want to. However, it must be asked whether it is the right of every individual not to use digital media. What do we do with those? Caritas in Luxembourg has revived what itself is an "old idea": the establishment of a "writer"- here: the establishment of a "digital writer". © 2022 ACM.

19.
12th International Conference on Virtual Campus, JICV 2022 ; 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161458

RESUMO

Indonesia implemented the online learning system during COVID-19. These changes were associated with the country's vast and archipelago-shaped area. Therefore, this research aimed to examine online learning publication trend during the pandemic using bibliometric analysis. The results showed that 2021 had the most publications on online learning during the pandemic, with 259. The frequently used keywords included online learning (n = 95), COVID-19 (n = 71), and e-learning (n = 70). Santoso HB had the most publications with 14 documents, while Junus K and Sulisworo D had 7. Jakarta State University had the most publications, including 8 documents, 8 citations, and 23 link strengths. Ahmad Dahlan University had 6 documents, 9 citations, and 1 link strength. Indonesia and Malaysia had the most collaborations with 29 publications. Future research can be developed using motivational learning and the post-COVID-19 school system as keywords. Furthermore, this research provided a thematic trend visualization map for future research to develop educational concepts and policies on online learning, specifically in archipelagic countries such Indonesia. © 2022 IEEE.

20.
2022 International Symposium on Information Technology and Digital Innovation, ISITDI 2022 ; : 74-79, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161429

RESUMO

Social Media have been impacted in many ways of how an enterprise interact with its stakeholder (customer, supplier, employee). In the era of new Normal post Covid19 when customer is going online, then Enterprise should learn how to use this phenomenon to its benefit in achieving its goals. PT XYZ has used Social Media in many ways to connect with the customers. This paper is exploring these areas and comparing with other companies using Customer Knowledge Management aspects: for customers, from customers and about customers. In the end the paper will give some suggestions to improve effectiveness of the Social Media usage. © 2022 IEEE.

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