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1.
Resources Policy ; 80:103197, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165800

RESUMO

As part of the artificial intelligence (AI) industry there are many companies engaged in providing hardware that enhances the use of artificial intelligence technology for big data analysis, along with companies that are involved in data analytics, software, system software, and artificial intelligence software. This paper examines the quantiles-based connectedness and non-linear causality-in-quantiles nexus of AI enterprises with basic materials and oil & gas companies, and their Islamic markets. Formally, we consider two perspectives, including before and after the pandemic of COVID-19 (for period May 18, 2018–June 01, 2022). It is observed that in the network of AI-based investments and companies related to basic materials and oil & gas industries, AI is a net recipient of shocks before and during the COVID-19 era, with a higher intensity of shock-receiving in the normal market and during COVID-19-affected period than in the upper and lower tails and prior to COVID-19 period. However, AI could serve as the cause-in-quantiles of oil & gas-related companies in the Islamic markets (in both pre-COVID-19 and COVID-19 timeframes) and conventional oil & gas firms (only within COVID-19). On the other hand, both the Islamic and the conventional basic materials and oil & gas businesses appear to be a non-linear cause-in-variance of the AI technology in the middle quantiles of the COVID-19 situation. Aside from this, the only causal factors from resources-based markets to AI are Islamic and conventional basic materials companies, as observed only during COVID-19. Based on our analysis, COVID-19 presented an excellent opportunity for improving the involvement of AI innovations with basic materials and oil & gas companies. As a consequence, the basic materials market may be able to provide hardware and software infrastructures to support the technology of artificial intelligence. Also, the inventions that enter the oil & gas industry due to the use of artificial intelligence could have a significant impact on their average performance. In this light, AI could be recognized as a strategic link in the supply chain of basic materials and oil & gas companies. There are many implications arising from these new insights for the developers of AI applications, resource policy-makers and managers, as well as investors who are interested in investing in new technologies.

2.
Procedia Comput Sci ; 204: 471-478, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2150433

RESUMO

With (Corona Virus Disease) COVID-19 pandemic, academic institutions worldwide were forced to facilitate distance learning and it quickly became the standard mode of instructional delivery for everyone. Even if implementation is met with problems like lack of manpower skills and training, perceptions, and the internet connectivity, Filipinos are still optimistic to overcome the limitations by using its ingenuity in finding the appropriate solution. Solutions may include the fragmentation of variety of platforms in the conduct of online distance learning. It is the desire of this study to introduce my.eskwela to reduce if not eliminate the need for the fragmented approach in delivering online distance learning. Such realization comes with the hope to minimize the mental stress experienced from switching platforms.

3.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(15):7143-7150, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164833

RESUMO

Background and Aim: The emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 strains all over the world has caused concerns about this infection and the effectiveness of the vaccines produced to cope with the resulting pandemic. The present study aimed to investigate the frequency of infection with covid-19 after vaccination, according to their epidemiological characteristics, department of service, and history of chronic diseases. Method(s): In the present cross-sectional study, all the vaccinated healthcare workers working in Shahid Rahimi Hospital in Khorramabad city were included in the study using a census method and were examined in terms of covid-19 infection after covid-19 vaccination. In the present study, all individuals with a positive PCR test or CT scan findings consistent with covid-19 were considered as new infections after vaccination. The required data were collected through a multi-part questionnaire, including the variables of age, gender, occupation, body mass index, chronic disease records, and PCR test results. Data were analyzed using SPSS-23 statistical software. Result(s): After vaccination, the rate of re-infection with covid-19 (according to the definitive result of the PCR test) was 13% in the study subjects. According to the results of the chi-square test, the difference in the frequency of re-infection with covid-19 after vaccination in the subjects was statistically significant based on age (pv=0.019) and gender (pv=0.007), but it was not statistically significant based on body mass index (pv=0.31). Despite the highest frequency of re-infection with covid-19 after vaccination in nurses (16.1%) compared to service workers (5%) and physicians (7.7%), this difference was not statistically significant (pv=0.619) and there was no correlation between the type of occupation of the people and re-infection with Covid-19 after vaccination in the studied people. The difference in the frequency of infection with covid-19 after vaccination in the study subjects was statistically significant based on department of service (pv= 0.019) and history of chronic diseases (pv=0.029). The frequency of re-infection with covid-19 after vaccination was 24.3% in people who had a history of chronic disease and 11.4% in people who did not have a history of chronic disease. Conclusion(s): The healthcare workers providing medical services in hospitals are among the high-risk groups for infection with covid-19 owing to their type of occupation and work environment. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

4.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:1299-1304, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164825

RESUMO

Introduction: The estimated mucormycosis mortality rate in India ranges from 28-52%. High morbidity and mortality have been linked to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Medical and dental practitioners play a crucial role in identifying the disease and formulating a treatment plan. Hence it is important for medical and dental practitioners have adequate knowledge about mucormycosis. Objective(s): To evaluate and compare knowledge and awareness about mucormycosis amongst dental and medical practitioners. Method(s): This cross-sectional survey was conducted among Medical and Dental practitioners in Western Maharashtra. A specially designed prevalidated questionnaire was developed, consisting of 15 questions. It was distributed through electronic mode utilizing google form during July 1st, 2022 to August 31st, 2022. SPSS Version 21 software was used for statistical analysis. The data obtained was statistically analysed using paired T-test. Result(s): A total of 604 responses were obtained among which 266 (44.04%) were medical practitioners and 338 (54.96%) were dental practitioners. Variations in responses indicated that practitioners from both the groups were nescient regarding causative organisms, predisposing factors, and guidelines for drugs used in treatment of mucormycosis. There was no significant difference observed in the level of knowledge and awareness among both the groups. Conclusion(s): Majority of the dental and medical practitioners lacked adequate knowledge and awareness about causative agents, predisposing factors, clinical symptoms, and drug regimens used to treat mucormycosis. Periodic continuing professional education programs are required to impart updated knowledge about mucormycosis among these practitioners. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

5.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:598-605, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164821

RESUMO

Introduction: Statins are a group of lipid-lowering medications that have anti-inflammatory and immune system-modulating effects. Considering the existence of severe inflammatory reactions in patients with covid-19, this study aimed to investigate the effects of statins on the mortality rate of covid-19 patients. Material(s) and Method(s): The present research is a descriptive-analytical case-control study that was carried out in the first half of 2021 at Kowsar Hospital in Semnan, Iran. The study was conducted on 191 patients taking statins as the case group and 191 patients with no history of taking statins. Demographic and clinical information of the patients who met the inclusion criteria of the research were extracted from the files and collected in the researcher's questionnaire. Finally, the results were statistically analyzed using SPSS software version 26. Result(s): In this study, a case group of 191 people, who had a history of taking statins, and a control group of 191 people, who did not use statins, were investigated. The average age of people was 64.7 years. Among the studied patients, 51.7% were men and 48.3% were women. Most of the patients were hospitalized for 4 days. Also, 351 patients were discharged and 32 people died. After analyzing the data, no significant relationship was observed between the use of statin and mortality due to Covid-19. Discussion and Conclusion(s): According to the results of this study, no relationship was observed between the use of statins and the reduction of mortality caused by covid-19. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:461-469, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164813

RESUMO

Aim: The main objective of this study is to improve the accuracy of COVID-19 prediction and evaluation. Material(s) and Method(s): This work depends on the data segregated from Kaggle's website where the samples are divided into two groups. Each group contains 20 samples (N=20) for both the Logistic regression and Support vector machine algorithms in accordance with the total sample size calculated using clinicalc.com by keeping alpha error-threshold at 0.05, confidence interval at 95%, enrolment ratio as 0:1, and G power at 80%. This involves training the data with validating 20 validations ranging from 5 to 24 in MatLab 2021a. Result(s): The accuracy, sensitivity, and precision rates are compared using the SPSS Software and Independent sample T-test. The Logistic regression has better accuracy, sensitivity, and precision of 95.98%,94,65%, 96.20% (P<0.001) respectively compared to the Support vector machine where 91.25% of accuracy (P<0.001), 93.93% of sensitivity (P<0.001), and 86.11% of precision (P<0.001). Conclusion(s): The Logistic regression algorithm produces superior outcomes than the Support vector machine algorithm. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

7.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association ; 72(12):2482-2485, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164793

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate willingness to vaccination, conspiracy mentality, and belief in vaccine conspiracies among undergraduate students as well as the level of adherence to non-pharmaceutical interventions during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. Method(s): The cross-sectional study was conducted from January to June, 2021, and comprised undergraduate students from Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Data was gathered using the General Conspiracy Mentality Scale and the Belief in Vaccine Conspiracies Scale. Willingness for vaccination and degree of adherence to non-pharmaceutical interventions was measured on a 5-point rating scale. Data was analysed using SPSS 26. Result(s): Of the 300 subjects, 154 were males and 146 were females. The overall mean age of the sample was (23.47 +/-2.17). A sample of 121(40.33%) respondents believed in vaccine conspiracies, while only 83(27.66%) showed disagreement. High scores on conspiracy mentality (p<0.020) and belief in vaccine conspiracies (p<0.006) were associated with little adherence to behavioural recommendations for coronavirus disease-2019. High scorers on conspiracy mentality (p<0.006) and belief in vaccine conspiracies (p<0.004) had less willingness for vaccination. There was no significant difference in the conspiracy mentality and belief in vaccine conspiracies with reference to gender (p>0.05). Conclusion(s): Medical practitioners and healthcare organisations need to understand the connection between belief in vaccine conspiracies and related vaccine resistance and noncompliance with behavioural recommendations in the face of a pandemic. Copyright © 2022 Pakistan Medical Association. All rights reserved.

8.
International Journal of Academic Medicine and Pharmacy ; 4(4):678-683, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164783

RESUMO

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome novel Beta-Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) re-emerged in November 2019 in Wuhan (Hubei, China) and rapidly affected nearly 220countries across the globe due to its highly infectious nature. The purpose for conducting this study is to estimate current COVID-19vaccination hesitancy amongpeople residing in these Rural areas. Such type of study has not been done in most of the region of India. It has been assumed that one of the most important hindrances in attaining the goal for herd immunization in order to reduce the burden of the pandemicity is hesitancy and doubtful attitude and behavior regarding vaccine safety among majority of the population worldwide. The objectives areto estimate the prevalence of Covid-19 Vaccination hesitancy and to assess the associated factors in such rural areas. Material(s) and Method(s): Cross-sectional study having total participants of 220 were selected by multistage sampling method and interviewed by pretested interview- schedule and collected data were analyzed using SPSS Version 26.0 and Microsoft Excel 2007. Result(s): Out of 220 participants, 72were estimated as hesitant towards vaccination against Covid-19(P- value: 0.003). Conclusion(s): A high prevalence of hesitant population was observed which is 34%. Almost all study parameters were detected to be associated in contributing hesitancy towards vaccination against Covid-19. ©Copyright: the Author(s), 2022 Licensee PAGEPress, Italy.

9.
Neumologia y Cirugia de Torax(Mexico) ; 81(2):80-85, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164707

RESUMO

Introduction and objective: more than a year after the emergence of COVID-19, many drug therapies have been considered, all based on a critical evaluation of the emerging literature. The main objective of our study was to know the pre-hospitalary treatment of patients with COVID-19. Material(s) and Method(s): we reviewed 101 clinical records of hospitalized patients at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cosio Villegas National (INER) diagnosed with COVID-19 during the second wave of the pandemic. A database was created, and descriptive statistics were performed using the software GraphPad Prism version 8. Result(s): the mean age of the patients was 52.3 (+/- 11.9) years. Patients received 4-5 medications as pre-hospital treatment;the most commonly prescribed medications were corticosteroids and antibiotics. Conclusion(s): COVID-19 patients received a large number of unnecessary medications during pre-hospital medical care;several of them were prescribed despite the lack of scientific evidence on their use and the national and international recommendations for treating the disease. Copyright © 2022, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias. All rights reserved.

10.
Revista de Management Comparat International ; 23(4):525-539, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2164564

RESUMO

On the post-pandemic work scene there is an increased desire of flexibility and individual job design. As such, the purpose of present endeavour is to grasp a better understanding of the phenomena, by performing a scientific evolution analysis, in the business management research field. To navigate through significant number of publications and to visually present the current state of research, trends and future research directions, a sophisticated bibliometric analysis has been implemented. We opted to merge relevant findings from Scopus and Web of Science databases with the help of in-house developed R programming language code, enabled within RStudio. The collated results were further analysed with the help of VOSviewer software and revealed an intellectual distribution map and a geographical influence map in academic research on job crafting in busine ss and management.

11.
Pharmacy Practice ; 20(4) (no pagination), 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164405

RESUMO

Background: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) gained global attention because of its high transmissibility and the devastating impact on both clinical and economic outcomes. Pharmacists are among the front-line healthcare workers who contributed widely to COVID-19 pandemic control. We aim to evaluate knowledge and attitude of hospital pharmacists in Qatar about COVID-19. Method(s): A descriptive cross-sectional web-based survey was distributed over a 2-months period. The study included pharmacists who are working in 10 different hospitals under Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC). The survey was developed based on information available at World Health Organization (WHO) website, Qatar Ministry of Health, and COVID-19 guideline created by HMC. The study was approved by HMC's institutional review board (MRC-01-20-1009). Data analysis was done using SPSS version 22. Result(s): A total of 187 pharmacists were included (response rate 33%). The overall level of knowledge was not affected by the participants' demographics (p-value >=0.05). Pharmacists provided more correct answers to questions related to general knowledge about COVID-19 compared to questions specificto treatment aspects of the disease. More than 50% of pharmacists were using national resources as main source of information related to COVID-19. Good health practices and attitudes regarding disease control was reported by pharmacists, including preventive measures implementation and self-isolation when needed. Around 80% of pharmacists are in favor of taking influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine. Conclusion(s): Overall, hospital pharmacists' knowledge about COVID-19 is good in relation to the disease nature and transmission. Knowledge about treatment aspects including medications needs further enhancement. Providing continuing professional development activities regarding latest information about COVID-19 and its management, and serial newsletters updates, and encouraging journal club activities for recently published research can help improve hospital pharmacist knowledge. Copyright © the Authors.

12.
Bali Medical Journal ; 11(3):1656-1659, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2164339

RESUMO

Introduction: A Public Health Emergency of International Concern, the WHO designated the outbreak in China and surrounding countries in 2019. The Global board proclaimed public health emergency after research. The WHO encouraged states to step up their efforts before the instances grow. Six ASEAN members have confirmed early instances. WHO reports that the pandemic has reached all ten ASEAN countries. Unclear and inconsistent information and actions show Asia's delayed response to epidemics. Methods: This study uses VOSviewer to investigate ASEAN policy responses to the COVID-19 outbreak. A bibliographic data model can handle several data types. Categories, topics, density, and publication date are common article metadata. Results: Early decisions were taken without a plan to halt COVID-19 from spreading across Asia. Upon confirmation of the first case, national prevention and control measures were launched. Encouraging frequent hand washing, adequate mask usage, and other personal hygiene and sanitation habits were also addressed. Its nature leaves many data and information gaps. Major issues included preventing, detecting, and responding to disease outbreaks in public and medical contexts. Conclusion: The regional health systems came into action to help national health programs. The ASEAN countries have all responded to the COVID-19 outbreak. In order to prepare for and manage the COVID-19 outbreak, a thorough investigation is required.

13.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(17):687-694, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164312

RESUMO

In this technological era our societies have a vast range of information and the media provides this information to people. The Covid-19 crisis has given new dare to journalism for providing right news and media plays a most important role in framing this crisis. During this crisis it became even more important that international news be given an adequate space and projection in newspapers so that it contributes towards awareness and helps in understanding the situation of pandemic. This paper examines the print media extension to corona related international news in newspapers of Uttar Pradesh, IN. By this study, researchers seek for the extent of corona related international news published in three dailies of Uttar Pradesh. In this research the content analysis is used and researchers covered up corona related international news during the lockdown phase. Newspapers provide a variety of information to readers and help them in making informed choices. The research reflects that the international news items related to corona are not properly covered by the print media. Corona related international news items printed in Hindustan times is more than corona related international news printed in Indian Express and Dainik Jagran. To interpret or analyze the data researcher use Manual statics and Microsoft Excel. Through this study it is recommended that proper coverage of corona related international news items must be published so that readers get information about the Corona situation in other countries. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

14.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(17):131-141, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164310

RESUMO

Post COVID-19 pandemic inflationary pressures coupled with national economic uncertainties have considerably impacted on Ghanaian businesses including the traditional gold jewellery industry. This paper provides empirical evidence of the impact of COVID-19 on the current state of the traditional gold jewellery industry in Ghana, with a focus on the rising gold price trends. This study is a work site based cross-sectional one, conducted among 150 gold jewellery industries in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana. Data obtained for this study were acquired through the use of questionnaire and personal interviews. Data collected included issues on socio-demographic profile, acquisition of gold, product demand and marketing trends, strategies to confront crisis, government support, tax relieve and policy. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22. Descriptive statistical tools such as frequency and percentage were used to analyze the facts sought from questionnaire. The study recorded an overall response rate of 96.5%. The general outcome of the study shows that the majority of the traditional gold jewellery industries are battling to survive in the post covid era, with 86% experiencing lower demand for their products. Almost all the craftsmen (95%) interviewed complained about inadequate easy access to raw gold material and its high cost. All the craftsmen also had difficulties in accessing funds and sourcing for operational inputs to overcome these challenges to stay in business, a range of strategies that focused on creative design, ingenuity and technology were being adopted by the craftsmen, including exploring techniques that allow for volume while requiring less metal weight, working in more hollow work and repousse' usi ng thinner sheets of metal and producing 14 and 9 karat gold products instead of the usual 18 karat. Even though majority (68%) of the respondents were aware of the establishment of a Coronavirus Alleviation Programme by the government, none had been a recipient of the Million Stimulus Package to small and medium scale enterprises established by the government. To lessen the post covid impact and the increasing trend in gold price which working together could lead to the collapse of most of the traditional gold jewellery industries in Ghana, the study suggests the need for government short term policies that will support the industries including, provision of subsidies for gold purchases and tax exceptions to the industries. The study also recommends the need for increased awareness and clarity on the guidelines and requirements of the current government post covid interventions packages for businesses. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

15.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(13):2864-2873, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164307

RESUMO

Around 20,3% of hospitalized COVID-19 patients require treatment in the ICU with mortality rate of 40%. The pandemic caused by COVID-19 causes stress for the patient's family members. The degree of stress can be measured using the DASS-42 questionnaire. Cortisol is an indicator of body's response to stress through HPA axis. Hair cortisol levels can reflect HPA activity. This study aims to observe the correlation between stress levels and hair cortisol levels in families of COVID-19 patients. This study was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design. There were 23 research subjects who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. In this study, the DASS-42 questionnaire was utilized which then filled out by the subject and sampling the subject's hair to measure hair cortisol levels on the 1st day of treatment. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). The findings revealed that there was no significant relationship between the degree of stress and hair cortisol levels in the families of COVID-19 patients (p>0.05). Hair cortisol levels were within normal range. The degree of stress was not related to hair cortisol levels. Further studies involving multicenters with larger samples and longer observations are needed to confirm the results of this study. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; 38(11):1730-1738, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164245

RESUMO

To analyze the mechanism of novel coronavirus prevention prescription in Hunan province by using network pharmacology method. Methods TCMSP, Batman-TCM and ETCM were used to retrieve drug composition and target information, and GeneCards, OMIM, DrugBank, TTD and PharmGkb were used to screen disease targets. The visualization network diagram of "drug-active component-target" was constructed by Cytoscape, the protein interaction network was drawn by STRING, the core targets of PPI network were analyzed by CytoNCA, GO function and KEGG pathway were analyzed, and the mechanism of action was predicted. Results A total of 418 active ingredients, 1 715 drug targets, 1 289 disease targets and 266 intersection targets were screened out. Quercetin, luteolin, kaempferol, baicalein, ursolic acid and naringin were identified as the key components, and 6 core targets were obtained: RELA, AKT1, STAT3, JUN, MAPK1 and MAPK3. The results of molecular docking showed that the binding potential and activity of the key active ingredients to the core target were good. Conclusions "Child prevention formula" has the characteristics of multi-target, multi-approach and multi-faceted prevention and treatment, which plays a role in prevention and treatment of COVID-19 among children. Copyright © 2022 Publication Centre of Anhui Medical University. All rights reserved.

17.
PeerJ ; 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2164158

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the long-term dynamics of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 and understand the impact of age, gender, and viral load on patients' immunological response. Methods Serum samples were obtained from 231 COVID-19 positive patients from Macaé, in Rio de Janeiro state, in Brazil, from June 2020 until January 2021. The production of IgA, IgM, IgG, and IgE against S glycoprotein was analyzed using the S-UFRJ assay, taking into account the age, gender, and viral load. Results Analysis of antibody production over 7 months revealed that IgA positivity gradually decreased after the first month. Additionally, the highest percentage of IgM positivity occurred in the first month (97% of patients), and declined after this period, while IgG positivity remained homogeneous for all 7 months. The same analysis for IgE revealed that almost all samples were negative. The comparison of antibody production between genders showed no significant difference. Regarding the age factor and antibody production, patients aged ≥60 years produced almost twice more IgA than younger ones (17–39 years old). Finally, a relationship between viral load and antibody production was observed only for older patients. Conclusions Our work provides an overview of long-term production of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, suggesting prolonged production of IgA and IgM antibodies for 3 months and continued IgG production for over 7 months. In addition, it identified a correlation between viral load and IgM titers in the older group and, finally, different IgA production between the age groups.

18.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10(E):1714-1718, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2163767

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate impact of fear of COVID-19 on depression among students and faculty members at Qassim University. METHODOLOGY: Survey approach is used. Population of the study was students and faculty members from public sector universities. Non-probability snow ball technique was used. Total 200 questionnaires were distributed and 165 completed received and used in the analysis. SPSS 25 is used for data treatment. RESULT(S): The findings revealed that there is a significant association between predictors and criterion. Moreover, fear of exposing to corona virus is held responsible for increasing depression among individuals. CONCLUSION(S): Following ministry of health guidelines and getting vaccinate is only way to reduce the chance of exposing to COVID-19. Copyright © 2022 Mohammad Alharbi, Syed Arif Pasha, Muneeb Jehan.

19.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(13):42-48, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2162906

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic challenged countries to protect their populations from this emerging disease. One aspect of that challenge was to rapidly modify national surveillance systems or create new systems that would effectively detect new cases of COVID-19. Fifty-five countries leveraged past investments in District Health Information Software version 2 (DHIS2) to quickly adapt their national public health surveillance systems for COVID-19 case reporting and response activities. We provide background on DHIS2 and describe case studies from Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, and Uganda to illustrate how the DHIS2 platform, its community of practice, long-term capacity building, and local autonomy enabled countries to establish an effective COVID-19 response. With these case studies, we provide valuable insights and recommendations for strategies that can be used for national electronic disease surveillance platforms to detect new and emerging pathogens and respond to public health emergencies.

20.
14th IEEE International Conference of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, LOGISTIQUA 2022 ; 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161471

RESUMO

This research aimed to examine the impact of Green Supply Chain Quality Management (GSCQM) on Corporate Green Performance (CGP). A questionnaire was distributed to a sample of (113) practitioners of large multinational companies in the industrial sector and which are established in Morocco. Data were analyzed using PLS-Smart software which is specialized in structural equation modeling. The software was used to determine whether the tin dimensions of Green Supply Chain Quality Management (i.e. independent variable);Green Human Resource Management, Green Leadership Behavior, Green Supplier Quality Management, Customer Focus, Process Management, Information and Analysis, Eco-Design, Green Purchasing, Environmental Cooperation, and Reverse Logistics have a significant impact on Corporate Green Performance(i.e. dependent variable). The software was also used to test the two mediation variables, namely: Green Organizational Culture and Green Innovation. The findings revealed that the practices of « Green Supply Chain Management are having a significant impact on green innovation;and the implementation of the « Green Supply Chain Management has a positive effect on Corporate Green Performance. However, Green Organizational Culture and Green Innovation did not have a significant impact on Corporate Green Performance according to the respondents' ratings. Therefore, this study is based on two main theories, namely: cost theory, institutional theory, green theory, stakeholder theory and resource-based theory. © 2022 IEEE.

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