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1.
ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ ВПЛИВУ ПАНДЕМІЇ COVID-19 НА СТРАТЕГІЮ ВИРОБНИЦТВА МЕДИЧНИХ ПРИСТРОЇВ ТА ЕФЕКТИВНІСТЬ РОБОТИ КОМПАНІЙ. ; 5(4(67)):6-15, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2164344

RESUMO

The object of study is the importance of medical technology and healthcare delivery in the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many changes to the business, healthcare, and societal landscape. The changes have had varying effects on key industries, demanding them to realign to fit new pandemic-imposed environmental conditions. This study seeks to investigate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical device strategy and firm performance of company X, and to provide recommendations and insights on strategies to ensure continuity post-pandemic. A qualitative analysis of the results from nine interviews with associates regarding the effects of COVID-19 on firm performance and strategy at company X was explored. The findings from a thematic analysis of the interview data are reported and related to the study's research objectives. Findings showed that the COVID-19 pandemic forced company X to adjust its strategy to align it with the changing environment. However, the data showed that the unknown nature and uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic environment meant that the realignment of strategy to the prevailing dynamics was unique. This study's key findings indicate that COVID-19 strongly influenced financial performance, which influenced firm performance significantly. In addition, financial performance measures were found to have more impact than non-financial performance measures such as strategic performance. The main recommendation emanating from the study was to improve the organization's agility, versatility, and speed. This would be achieved through simplifying processes, streamlining decision-making, and enhancing speed in the market. Agility and versatility are necessary to overcome or take advantage of new developments from the pandemic and post-pandemic environment. This research study can assist medical enterprises in other countries to stream their services and align strategy to meet the dynamic environment caused by the COVID-19. [ FROM AUTHOR]

2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1):1508, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2162364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Job morale is thought to be particularly low in Kazakhstan, adversely affecting job motivation, job satisfaction and burnout rates. Previous research suggests that high job morale has a better effect on patient outcomes and care quality. We, therefore, conducted a qualitative study to explore experiences underpinning positive and negative job morale, and to generate potential strategies for improving job morale of physicians and dentists working in public healthcare settings in Kazakhstan prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Three focus groups containing 23 participants and 30 individual interviews were conducted, evidencing respondents' explanations of what affects job morale, and possible strategies to improve it. Data was synthesised using a thematic analysis. RESULTS: The themes about what influences job morale were: being unfairly rewarded for work;feeling vulnerable and undervalued;poor working styles and practices;and high internal value-based motivation. Various strategies were identified by participants to improve job morale, and these included: ensuring adequate and equitable financial income;improving the current malpractice system;eliminating poor working styles and practices;and creating a shared responsibility for health. CONCLUSIONS: The current study has found that despite prevailing threats, job morale amongst physicians and dentists working in public healthcare settings in Astana have been prevented from becoming negative by their strong sense of calling to medicine and the satisfaction of helping patients recover. Emphasising this rather traditional understanding of the role of physicians and dentists may be a way to improve job morale throughout training and practice.

3.
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health ; : 100049, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2158798

RESUMO

The Internet offers increased availability and accessibility of medicinal pharmaceuticals including those containing opioids, sedatives and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) drugs through both legal and illegal routes. Sourcing concerns have been further heightened due to the current severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (COVID-19) pandemic which reduced face-to-face access for non-COVID-19 related health conditions and to drug treatment services. This study is the second of a two stage study comprising interviews with three key stakeholders who were policy makers, health care professionals or police, and three individuals who sourced medicinal products online (ISOs). An in-depth case study approach was adopted. Thematic analysis of in-depth case narratives revealed the following key themes;Motivations, initiation, and making the move online;Process of sourcing online;Supply issues and COVID-19;Perception of control;Quality of medications;and Public health recommendations. Motivations for purchasing online are complex and methods to divert and control the supply of medicinal pharmaceuticals are equally complex and difficult to navigate. Novel routes to access now include Telegram, a cross-platform messaging service with enhance encryption and privacy. Whilst stakeholders and ISOs had similar views on the prevalence and ease of access to medication, there were also some substantial differences primarily in terms of perceptions of risk. This study highlights the need for enhanced pharmacovigilance of non-regulated online vendors and the imperatives of continued health messaging around the potential self-directed use of these controlled drugs and the dangers of using websites purporting to be regulated pharmacies.

4.
International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare ; 14(3):192-208, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2152346

RESUMO

Purpose>This paper aims to explore articulations of how individuals internalise official demands on handling COVID-19 and the function of social media in this process, and further to discuss this from a human rights’ perspective.Design/methodology/approach>A thematic analysis of qualitative data from an international survey on COVID-19 and social media. The analysis was inspired by Berger and Luckmann's theory of reality as a social construction.Findings>Articulations expressed an instant internalisation and externalisation of the officially defined “new normal”. However, negotiations of this “new normal” were articulated, whereby everyday life activities could proceed. Resistance to the “new normal” appeared, as routines and common sense understandings of everyday life were threatened. Health-care professionals were put in a paradoxical situation, living in accordance with the “new normal” outside work and legitimately deviating from it at work. The “new normal” calls for individuals’ “oughtonomy” rather than autonomy. Social media were used to push individual’s re-socialisation into the “new normal”. The latter both promoted and challenged human rights as the individual's right to self-determination extends beyond the self as it risks threatening other people's right to life.Originality/value>With the means of a theoretically based thematic analysis inspired by Berger and Luckmann, the current study shows how articulations on COVID-19 and social media can both support and challenge human rights and reality as a facticity as dictated by dominant organisations and discourses in society.

5.
Medical Journal of Malaysia ; 77(Supplement 4):79, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2147804

RESUMO

Introduction: With Malaysia beginning its transitional phase into COVID-19 endemic phase on 1 April 2022, hybrid teaching which combines online and face to face teaching became a popular teaching method for many learning institutions. UniKL RCMP has introduced hybrid classroom where the lecturer and some students are physically present in the classroom while other students are online via video conferencing system during the same teaching session. Objective(s): To explore UniKL RCMP medical students' preference in using hybrid classroom versus online classroom for clinical case presentation on infectious disease during Year 4 Primary Care Medicine module. Material(s) and Method(s): A total of 12 medical students from different subgroups who undergone Year 4 Primary Care Medicine module were invited to the focus group discussions at the end of the module. Discussion topics were their experience, limitation and preference of hybrid versus online classroom method. All students went through three clinical case presentations, one of which was on infectious disease using hybrid classroom method and five other clinical case presentations using online method. Result(s) and Conclusion(s): All 12 students preferred hybrid over online classroom because they felt that learning was more effective in the hybrid classroom. Thematic analysis showed benefits of hybrid classroom were easier to understand and visualise the case, encouraged to ask questions, easier to interact with friends and less environmental distraction. Limitation of hybrid classroom was occasional technical difficulty especially for online students to hear physical classroom students and for online students to see notes written on the physical classroom's whiteboard. Hybrid classroom provided medical students with a better learning environment than online classroom for clinical case presentation especially on infectious disease. Improvement in technical setup will enhance the students' learning experience with hybrid classroom.

6.
Mult Scler ; 28(14): 2160-2170, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2138771

RESUMO

Recent interest in multiple sclerosis research warrants literature analysis to evaluate the current state of the discipline and new research domains. This bibliometric review summarised the research trends and analysed research areas in multiple sclerosis over the last decade. The documents containing the term 'multiple sclerosis' in the article title were retrieved from the Scopus database. We used Harzing's Publish or Perish and VOSviewer for citation analysis and data visualisation, respectively. We found a total of 18,003 articles published in journals in the English language between 2012 and 2021. The emerging keywords identified utilising the enhanced strategic diagram were 'covid-19', 'teriflunomide', 'clinical trial', 'microglia', 'b cells', 'myelin', 'brain', 'white matter', 'functional connectivity', 'pain', 'employment', 'health-related quality of life', 'meta-analysis' and 'comorbidity'. This study demonstrates the tremendous growth of multiple sclerosis literature worldwide, which is expected to grow more than double during the next decade especially in the identified emerging topics.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Esclerose Múltipla , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Esclerose , Bainha de Mielina
7.
Front Psychol ; 13: 987690, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2142250

RESUMO

Purpose: We explored two complex phenomena associated with effective education. First, teachers' professional agency, the volitional actions they take in response to perceived opportunities, was examined to consider individual differences in its enactment. Second, "strong" emotions have been proposed as important in teaching and learning, and we wished to clarify which basic emotions might be involved, besides curiosity, which is a known emotional factor in engagement in teaching. We also explored how agency and basic emotions might be related. Approach: Thirteen teachers working in Scottish secondary schools were interviewed at the start of the covid pandemic in 2020 to discuss relevant feelings, thoughts and actions arising from unprecedented changes in their lives and professional practices. Thematic analysis was used to identify aspects of agentic behavior and basic emotions expressed. Findings: Teacher agency was expressed through adaptability, collective agency, constrained agency, and non-action. Four basic emotion percepts were identified, which we label as "CARE", "CURIOSITY", "COOPERATION", and "CHALLENGE". Originality: We extend the definition of agency to include volitional non-action as a response to opportunity. In contrast to prior research emphasizing emotions as an outcome of volitional behavior, we explore emotions preceding agency. We develop four theoretical propositions related to teacher emotions. (1) Four emotion percepts substantially influence teachers' voluntary motivated behavior. (2) The amount and proportion of emotions experienced varies between individual teachers. (3) The four percepts are experienced concurrently or in rapid succession in engaged teaching contexts. (4) Professional experience and specific situational factors also influence teachers' behavioral choices. For future consideration, we suggest that awareness of emotion percepts may encourage both teachers' engagement and their professional agency for the benefit of their pedagogical practice and outcomes for their students.

8.
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine (Turkey) ; 39(4):958-965, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2146834

RESUMO

Moral distress is a significant problem for health care professionals, resulting in reduced job satisfaction, burnout and job retirement. This study aims to explore the experiences of emergency physicians related to moral distress during the Covid-19 pandemic. We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews of 25 physicians working in the emergency department to describe their experiences related to moral distress. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis through the six-step process. Three major themes were identified: (I) The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on moral distress;(II) The effect of moral distress on physicians;(III) Suggestions to prevent/reduce moral distress. In light of the results of our study, the moral distress experienced by physicians has been exacerbated due to the increase in the factors causing moral distress during the pandemic period. Copyright © 2022 Ondokuz Mayis Universitesi. All rights reserved.

9.
Journal of Childhood, Education and Society ; 3(3):218-232, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2146546

RESUMO

Hungarian pedagogues agree that children should be listened to, have their rights recognised, and their voices heard. The UNCRC recommends that children’s rights should be part of early childhood education, but this is not typical in Hungarian kindergartens and there is little pedagogical material to support the education of children about their rights. This paper focuses on 5 kindergartens each typically accommodating over 150 children between the ages of 3-6 years old across Hungary. Six pedagogues worked with multi-age groups (4 kindergartens) and same-age groups (2 kindergartens). The research adopted participatory methods to gather children’s views recognising them as valuable collaborators. Children provided insight into their own lives through play based creative activities that focused on eliciting children’s thoughts and feelings. Pedagogues collected video data using a ‘toolkit’ of children’s play activities during a 6-week period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Pedagogues reflected on children’s play through a series of online focus groups with emphasis on how children expressed their views and preferences through play. Participants were encouraged to examine the power relationships between children and adults and analyse their role in knowledge production rather than knowledge extraction. Six themes emerged through thematic analysis, mapped to the 4 guiding principles of children’s rights: participation, survival, development and protection. The findings highlight the juxtaposition between children’s life-as-experienced and life-as-told by adults;the skill of pedagogues to hear and sensitively interpret children’s voices based on their play and the challenge to slow down and reflect on practice. © 2022 Journal of Childhood, Education & Society.

10.
Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice ; 22(16):28-38, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2146444

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Philippine government made sure that learning was still in force in the country’s basic education system by utilizing a modular approach in delivering its programs. All lessons were to be completed without a teacher on-hand, where students will simply rely on their self-paced learning style in understanding and answering the written activities given in the modules. This study describes the self-paced learning process and experiences of students in the exploration of Jose Rizal’s literary masterpiece, Noli Me Tangere. A phenomenological approach was adopted for this study, focusing on the lived experiences of the research participants during this period of learning under a protracted lockdown. Axial Coding was utilized to construct linkages among data to reveal codes, and emerging themes were analyzed. It is found that students were able to practice self-paced learning despite some negative feedback, while the stakeholders’ support for students during the pandemic is individualized and vital to the student’s learning experience. © 2022, North American Business Press. All rights reserved.

11.
7th International Conference on Information Management and Technology, ICIMTech 2022 ; : 12-17, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2136281

RESUMO

A contact-tracing application is implemented to monitor and manage the spread of disease during pandemics. Since its launch by the government, the adoption of the PeduliLindungi, an Indonesian contact-tracing application, has remained low. PeduliLindungi users are only 34 % of smartphone users and 20% of the population in Indonesia. The effectiveness of contact-tracing apps cannot be measured without mass use and adherence to protective behavior. Approximately 80% of smartphone users, or 56% of the overall population, must use the app. Therefore, the app implementation challenges need to be researched to develop strategies to increase user adoption. This study used a qualitative methodology by conducting interviews with 17 respondents. Respondents were recruited using the purposive sampling method. This study used the NVIVO application to process and analyze data. Based on the results of data analysis using thematic coding, the challenges in contact-tracing apps implementation in Indonesia are divided into five main themes: technology limitations, lack of socialization, organizational problems, individual concerns, and socio-economic inequalities. This study contributes to the theory of challenges in contact tracing app implementation. The technical contributions and recommendations are also provided. © 2022 IEEE.

12.
Journal of Enabling Technologies ; 16(4):280-289, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2136004

RESUMO

Purpose>The COVID-19 pandemic has actively changed the face of all medical disciplines, including mental health practices. In a matter of days from the introduction of the lockdown, clinicians have to adapt to new working models with many changing the consultation methods clinicians have utilized for years. To best understand the wider clinical impact, a limited study was carried out to assess the effect of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on psychiatric clinical practice.Design/methodology/approach>A qualitative study was performed to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on clinician practice at a UK secure care mental health facility. A four-question free-text survey was distributed online to all physicians and seven responses were analyzed using thematic analysis.Findings>Four key themes were identified – use of technology, the importance of face-to-face contact, work/life balance and mental well-being.Practical implications>Overall, the results of the study reported that although some negative changes to the traditional work–life balance were identified, the clinicians found remote working within a secure care setting cultivated a more efficient working environment while allowing for more effective social distance practices.Originality/value>This study highlighted some of the challenges faced by clinicians employed in a secure care mental health setting following the introduction of lockdown measures in the UK associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. The study will also inform future work practices, including the potential of longer term remote working in this sector.

13.
Qualitative Psychology ; : No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2133255

RESUMO

This article is presented in two parts. First, an overview of the Framework Method is given, a contemporary method of qualitative analysis for psychological research. The method's background, distinguishing features, seven steps of data analysis, and suitability to psychological research are discussed. Second, to demonstrate how the method can be applied to a psychological study, a worked example of the analytical steps is detailed. This article aims to (a) demonstrate the utility and appropriateness of the Framework Method for qualitative research in the psychological sciences and (b) support researchers who might consider using this method by providing a worked example to illustrate how this method can be utilized in psychological research. The Framework Method has been widely used in social and public policy-based research, and more recently, health research, but rarely in psychology. It differs from other qualitative approaches due to its emphasis on matrix-based data summary and display, which supports the systematic generation of themes. The Framework Method will be applied to data collected from participants in Australia. The study described in the worked example explored the impact of COVID-19 on parent-adolescent relationships. Across seven steps, the authors explain how data were analyzed, which are followed by a reflective discussion on the use of the method, including strengths and limitations. This article will provide a methodological overview and worked example of the Framework Method for the psychological sciences. It will support psychological researchers to better understand and consider adopting this method in their qualitative research. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
European Political Science Review ; : 1-9, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2122920

RESUMO

The Schwartz theory of personal values has been used extensively, and almost exclusively quantitatively, by researchers to increase understanding of the impact of values on human behaviour. While it provides a well-tested methodology and common language, the approach has been limited by its reliance on survey work, in which the researcher asks participants questions of interest, and then correlates these with respondents' self-reporting of their values. There is limited qualitative work that has drawn on the insights of the Schwartz theory. The main exception is based on a lexicon of values words derived from Schwartz's work which has been used to identify dominant societal values across time. We are proposing that the Schwartz theory can also be used to analyse values appeals in persuasive speech. Using thematic analysis of an example of political persuasion, we illustrate how Schwartz's values work can be further adapted for qualitative research.

15.
Electronic Commerce Research ; 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2122217

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic had a strong impact on all businesses, and especially the luxury sector. As an adaptation strategy, businesses are engaging in a digital transformation, moving all or most of their activities to online platforms. However, the nature of the luxury industry, deeply rooted in exclusivity and a high degree of human contact, is at odds with the mass-oriented, accessible, and automated nature of e-commerce, thus raising concerns about this industry's ability to reap the benefits of digital transformation. The present paper elucidates how luxury fashion firms can overcome this apparent incompatibility with e-commerce and engage with their customers successfully. Through hybrid thematic analysis of qualitative data from YouTube videos of 96 luxury fashion industry experts and using a conceptual model of Customer Engagement, recommendations were developed to help luxury firms improve their current and prospective online customer engagement efforts systematically. By highlighting their top priorities-including innovative solutions, era adaptation, and resource allocation-, luxury firms could enhance and manage customer activities more effectively in the context of a digital transformation, and ultimately establish a strong post-pandemic position.

16.
Aust Crit Care ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2115660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burnout and other psychological comorbidities were evident prior to the COVID-19 pandemic for critical care healthcare professionals (HCPs) who have been at the forefront of the health response. Current research suggests an escalation or worsening of these impacts as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to undertake an in-depth exploration of the impact of the evolving COVID-19 pandemic on the wellbeing of HCPs working in critical care. METHODS: This was a qualitative study using online focus groups (n = 5) with critical care HCPs (n = 31, 7 medical doctors and 24 nurses) in 2021: one with United Kingdom-based participants (n = 11) and four with Australia-based participants (n = 20). Thematic analysis of qualitative data from focus groups was performed using Gibbs framework. FINDINGS: Five themes were synthesised: transformation of anxiety and fear throughout the pandemic, the burden of responsibility, moral distress, COVID-19 intruding into all aspects of life, and strategies and factors that sustained wellbeing during the pandemic. Moral distress was a dominant feature, and intrusiveness of the pandemic into all aspects of life was a novel finding. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted critical care HCPs and their work experience and wellbeing. The intrusiveness of the pandemic into all aspects of life was a novel finding. Moral distress was a predominate feature of their experience. Leaders of healthcare organisations should ensure that interventions to improve and maintain the wellbeing of HCPs are implemented.

17.
Appetite ; : 106388, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2120453

RESUMO

Dietary consumption contributes significantly to the environmental impacts of daily life. Changes to consumption are required, but limited work investigates the reasoning underlying relevant dietary choices. This study aimed to explore public understanding of sustainable diets and any willingness or attempts to make changes towards sustainability in a sample of the UK population. A qualitative approach was used. Twenty-one participants (10 males; predominantly young adults; with a range of living circumstances and cooking responsibilities) were interviewed. Interviews were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. Four themes were identified that related to understanding sustainable diets: 'Consistent with the definition by the FAO', 'Multiple benefits', 'Unsure' and 'Competing Interests'. Four themes related to making changes: 'Willing, but unsure', 'Small easy changes', 'Enablers' and 'Barriers'. An additional theme 'COVID-19 pandemic' reflected the period when the work was done (February-May 2021). Within these themes, participants were able to define sustainable eating in a manner that was consistent with and incorporated aspects of the definition by the FAO, could identify sustainable actions that they were undertaking or could undertake, and considered these to be beneficial, but there was a lot of uncertainty, and alternative or competing definitions and actions were also given. Participants were also willing to make changes to make their diet more sustainable, and preferences were expressed for small easy changes of high impact, but there was again considerable uncertainty as to what changes to make. Caution due to the small and select sample is required, but suggestions from this work include increasing awareness and knowledge of the environmental impacts of dietary choices, focusing on small easy changes of likely impact and personal benefit, and increasing availability and accessibility to sustainable diets.

18.
J Res Nurs ; 27(6): 532-542, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2108651

RESUMO

Background: Neurological patients often suffer physical, cognitive, communicative, behavioural or psychosocial limitations. This may weaken the preconditions for participating in decisions about their treatment, rehabilitation and future. These impairments often cause relatives to care and advocate for the patient. This practice was gravely interrupted by the COVID-19 visitor ban. Aims: This study aims to investigate how relatives of neurological patients experienced the visitor ban and to identify potential areas for improvement. Methods: Twelve semi-structured interviews with relatives of neurological patients were conducted. Data were analysed by performing a thematic analysis inspired by Braun and Clark. Results: The following six themes emerged: Visitor ban as a necessary evil, Losing control and feeling checkmate, Mending the information gap, Waiting by the phone, Empathy and compassion as the core of a good relationship and Caring for a loved one from a distance. Conclusions: Having a loved one admitted to a neurological ward during the COVID-19 visitor ban greatly restrains relatives and affects the relationship with their loved one and the hospital healthcare staff. Healthcare staff need to take responsibility and reach out, while simultaneously exploring new ways of communicating.

19.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2102371

RESUMO

School psychologists and their interns were required to adapt their practices and the delivery of comprehensive school psychological services as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. With an already existing gap in the literature regarding supervision in school psychology, an even larger gap exists due to COVID-19. The present study aimed to promote a better understanding about how university training programs prepared school psychology interns during the COVID-19 pandemic in the 2020-2021 academic year to develop competency along the 10 domains of practice listed in the NASP (2020) Practice Model. Ten participants from NASP-approved school psychology training programs were interviewed using a semi-structured interview protocol to gain an understanding of the commonalities of how they prepared interns during the COVID-19 pandemic. A thematic analysis was conducted and revealed six overarching themes that, when put together, tell a story about COVID-19's effect on the school psychology internship. The themes are represented with direct quotes from participants: (1) "They had such an unusual and highly disrupted experience," (2) "We did whatever we needed to do to make it work," (3) "While very different, it still mimicked the original plan," (4) "We had to support them as they navigated these challenges," (5) "I think we're talking more than ever about mental health," and (6) "It's not all bad." This study adds to the literature on supervision in school psychology and is also one of the first studies to address the impact of COVID-19 on the school psychology internship. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

20.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(10): e40558, 2022 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digital contact tracing (DCT) apps have been implemented as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Research has focused on understanding acceptance and adoption of these apps, but more work is needed to understand the factors that may contribute to their sustained use. This is key to public health because DCT apps require a high uptake rate to decrease the transmission of the virus within the general population. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand changes in the use of the National Health Service Test & Trace (T&T) COVID-19 DCT app and explore how public trust in the app evolved over a 1-year period. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal mixed methods study consisting of a digital survey in December 2020 followed by another digital survey and interview in November 2021, in which responses from 9 participants were explored in detail. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the interview transcripts. This paper focuses on the thematic analysis to unpack the reasoning behind participants' answers. RESULTS: In this paper, 5 themes generated through thematic analysis are discussed: flaws in the T&T app, usefulness and functionality affecting trust in the app, low trust in the UK government, varying degrees of trust in other stakeholders, and public consciousness and compliance dropping over time. Mistrust evolved from participants experiencing sociotechnical flaws in the app and led to concerns about the app's usefulness. Similarly, mistrust in the government was linked to perceived poor pandemic handling and the creation and procurement of the app. However, more variability in trust in other stakeholders was highlighted depending on perceived competence and intentions. For example, Big Tech companies (ie, Apple and Google), large hospitality venues, and private contractors were seen as more capable, but participants mistrust their intentions, and small hospitality venues, local councils, and the National Health Service (ie, public health system) were seen as well-intentioned but there is mistrust in their ability to handle pandemic matters. Participants reported complying, or not, with T&T and pandemic guidance to different degrees but, overall, observed a drop in compliance over time. CONCLUSIONS: These findings contribute to the wider implications of changes in DCT app use over time for public health. Findings suggest that trust in the wider T&T app ecosystem could be linked to changes in the use of the app; however, further empirical and theoretical work needs to be done to generalize the results because of the small, homogeneous sample. Initial novelty effects occurred with the app, which lessened over time as public concern and media representation of the pandemic decreased and normalization occurred. Trust in the sociotechnical capabilities of the app, stakeholders involved, and salience maintenance of the T&T app in conjunction with other measures are needed for sustained use.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Aplicativos Móveis , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Ecossistema , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Medicina Estatal , Confiança , Reino Unido
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