Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Шоу: 20 | 50 | 100
Результаты 1 - 20 de 43
Фильтр
Добавить фильтры

Годовой диапазон
1.
TH open : companion journal to thrombosis and haemostasis ; 6(4):e408-e420, 2022.
Статья в английский | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2126033

Реферат

Background  Most symptoms of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) are mild;however, some patients experience cardiovascular complications, including thromboembolic events and death. Data are needed to better inform prevention and treatment of these events. This analysis was designed to describe patient characteristics, medication use, thromboembolic events, and all-cause mortality in hospitalized COVID-19 patients in the United States. Methods  This retrospective, observational cohort study identified adults hospitalized with COVID-19 (January 21, 2020–January 07, 2021) in the deidentified Optum COVID-19 Electronic Health Records dataset. Thromboembolic events and all-cause mortality were collected at any time during the variable follow-up period (up to 50 weeks). Results  Of 181,995 COVID-19 patients who met eligibility criteria, 40,524 (22.3%) were hospitalized with COVID-19. Hospitalized patients had a mean age of 63 years and a Quan–Charlson comorbidity index of 1.3. Anticoagulants were used in 89.2% of patients during hospitalization and in 18.7% of postdischarge patients. Of hospitalized patients, 17.6% had a thromboembolic event during the entire follow-up period (mean time to the first event of 15 days), of whom 13.4% had an event during hospitalization;of discharged patients, 4.3% had a thromboembolic event (mean time from discharge to event of 43 days). Death during the follow-up period was reported in 15.0% of patients. Conclusions  In this large, observational cohort study, patients hospitalized with COVID-19 had high rates of thromboembolic events during hospitalization and in the postdischarge period;mortality was also high in this population. Anticoagulant use was common during hospitalization. These findings support further studies to optimize in-hospital and extended prophylaxis for hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

3.
J Thromb Haemost ; 20(11): 2710-2711, 2022 Nov.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2088282
4.
J Clin Med ; 11(20)2022 10 11.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071535

Реферат

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been shown to be strongly associated with increased risk for venous thromboembolism events (VTE) mainly in the inpatient but also in the outpatient setting. Pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis has been shown to offer significant benefits in terms of reducing not only VTE events but also mortality, especially in acutely ill patients with COVID-19. Although the main source of evidence is derived from observational studies with several limitations, thromboprophylaxis is currently recommended for all hospitalized patients with acceptable bleeding risk by all national and international guidelines. Recently, high quality data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) further support the role of thromboprophylaxis and provide insights into the optimal thromboprophylaxis strategy. The aim of this statement is to systematically review all the available evidence derived from RCTs regarding thromboprophylaxis strategies in patients with COVID-19 in different settings (either inpatient or outpatient) and provide evidence-based guidance to practical questions in everyday clinical practice. Clinical questions accompanied by practical recommendations are provided based on data derived from 20 RCTs that were identified and included in the present study. Overall, the main conclusions are: (i) thromboprophylaxis should be administered in all hospitalized patients with COVID-19, (ii) an optimal dose of inpatient thromboprophylaxis is dependent upon the severity of COVID-19, (iii) thromboprophylaxis should be administered on an individualized basis in post-discharge patients with COVID-19 with high thrombotic risk, and (iv) thromboprophylaxis should not be routinely administered in outpatients. Changes regarding the dominant SARS-CoV-2 variants, the wide immunization status (increasing rates of vaccination and reinfections), and the availability of antiviral therapies and monoclonal antibodies might affect the characteristics of patients with COVID-19; thus, future studies will inform us about the thrombotic risk and the optimal therapeutic strategies for these patients.

6.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 28: 10760296221120421, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2002071

Реферат

Limited data are available on thromboembolic events (TEEs) and mortality in outpatients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This retrospective, observational cohort study identified non-hospitalized COVID-19 outpatients (01/21/2020-01/07/2021) using de-identified Optum® COVID-19 Electronic Health Records data. Patient characteristics, occurrence of TEEs, all-cause mortality, and anticoagulant or thrombolytic medication use were evaluated. Of 1,246,067 patients with COVID-19 diagnosis, 141 471 met entry criteria. Mean (standard deviation [SD]) age was 46.1 (17.2) years, 56.8% were female, 72.9% Caucasian, 11.2% African American, and 11.1% Hispanic. Comorbidity burden was low (mean [SD] Quan-Charlson comorbidity index score of 0.43 [1.10]); however, of those with body mass index data, half were obese. During the follow-up period, a TEE occurred in 1.4%, with the proportion of patients with ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism being similar (approximately 0.4% each). All-cause mortality was 0.7%. Medications included corticosteroids (13.7%), anticoagulants (4.9%), and antiplatelets (2.9%). Overall, in this large cohort analysis, certain demographic and clinical characteristics of patients who experienced TEEs were identified and may help guide management decisions and future clinical trials for COVID-19 outpatients.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thromboembolism , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19 Testing , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies , Thromboembolism/drug therapy , Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , United States/epidemiology
7.
J Thromb Haemost ; 20(10): 2214-2225, 2022 10.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1927616

Реферат

Antithrombotic agents reduce risk of thromboembolism in severely ill patients. Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may realize additional benefits from heparins. Optimal dosing and timing of these treatments and benefits of other antithrombotic agents remain unclear. In October 2021, ISTH assembled an international panel of content experts, patient representatives, and a methodologist to develop recommendations on anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents for patients with COVID-19 in different clinical settings. We used the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association methodology to assess level of evidence (LOE) and class of recommendation (COR). Only recommendations with LOE A or B were included. Panelists agreed on 12 recommendations: three for non-hospitalized, five for non-critically ill hospitalized, three for critically ill hospitalized, and one for post-discharge patients. Two recommendations were based on high-quality evidence, the remainder on moderate-quality evidence. Among non-critically ill patients hospitalized for COVID-19, the panel gave a strong recommendation (a) for use of prophylactic dose of low molecular weight heparin or unfractionated heparin (LMWH/UFH) (COR 1); (b) for select patients in this group, use of therapeutic dose LMWH/UFH in preference to prophylactic dose (COR 1); but (c) against the addition of an antiplatelet agent (COR 3). Weak recommendations favored (a) sulodexide in non-hospitalized patients, (b) adding an antiplatelet agent to prophylactic LMWH/UFH in select critically ill, and (c) prophylactic rivaroxaban for select patients after discharge (all COR 2b). Recommendations in this guideline are based on high-/moderate-quality evidence available through March 2022. Focused updates will incorporate future evidence supporting changes to these recommendations.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Aftercare , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Fibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects , Heparin/adverse effects , Humans , Patient Discharge , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects , Rivaroxaban
8.
Anticancer Res ; 42(7): 3261-3274, 2022 07.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1924868

Реферат

Cancer and COVID-19 are both well-established risk factors predisposing to thrombosis. Both disease entities are correlated with increased incidence of venous thrombotic events through multifaceted pathogenic mechanisms involving the interaction of cancer cells or SARS-CoV2 on the one hand and the coagulation system and endothelial cells on the other hand. Thromboprophylaxis is recommended for hospitalized patients with active cancer and high-risk outpatients with cancer receiving anticancer treatment. Universal thromboprophylaxis with a high prophylactic dose of low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) or therapeutic dose in select patients, is currentlyindicated for hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Also, prophylactic anticoagulation is recommended for outpatients with COVID-19 at high risk for thrombosis or disease worsening. However, whether there is an additive risk of thrombosis when a patient with cancer is infected with SARS-CoV2 remains unclear In the current review, we summarize and critically discuss the literature regarding the epidemiology of thrombotic events in patients with cancer and concomitant COVID-19, the thrombotic risk assessment, and the recommendations on thromboprophylaxis for this subgroup of patients. Current data do not support an additive thrombotic risk for patients with cancer and COVID-19. Of note, patients with cancer have less access to intensive care unit care, a setting associated with high thrombotic risk. Based on current evidence, patients with cancer and COVID-19 should be assessed with well-established risk assessment models for medically ill patients and receive thromboprophylaxis, preferentially with LMWH, according to existing recommendations. Prospective trials on well-characterized populations do not exist.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Neoplasms , Thrombosis , Venous Thromboembolism , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , Endothelial Cells , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Humans , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , RNA, Viral , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Venous Thromboembolism/drug therapy , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control
9.
J Thromb Haemost ; 20(10): 2226-2236, 2022 10.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1916260

Реферат

Despite the emergence of high quality randomized trial data with the use of antithrombotic agents to reduce the risk of thromboembolism, end-organ failure, and possibly mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), questions still remain as to optimal patient selection for these strategies, the use of antithrombotics in outpatient settings and in-hospital settings (including critical care units), thromboprophylaxis in special patient populations, and the management of acute thrombosis in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. In October 2021, the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) formed a multidisciplinary and international panel of content experts, two patient representatives, and a methodologist to develop recommendations on treatment with anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents for COVID-19 patients. The ISTH Guideline panel discussed additional topics to be well suited to a non-Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) for Good Practice Statements (GPS) to support good clinical care in the antithrombotic management of COVID-19 patients in various clinical settings. The GPS panel agreed on 17 GPS: 3 in the outpatient (pre-hospital) setting, 12 in the hospital setting both in non-critical care (ward) as well as intensive care unit settings, and 2 in the immediate post-hospital discharge setting based on limited evidence or expert opinion that supports net clinical benefit in enacting the statements provided. The antithrombotic therapies discussed in these GPS should be available in low- and middle-income countries.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Fibrinolytic Agents , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Hemostasis , Humans , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control
10.
Expert Rev Hematol ; 15(7): 597-605, 2022 07.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1915459

Реферат

INTRODUCTION: Hospitalized COVID-19 patients, particularly those with high-risk features, are at risk for venous and arterial thromboembolic events for approximately 30 days or more after hospital discharge. Extended post-hospital discharge thromboprophylaxis has potential to reduce this risk. AREAS COVERED: Recent cohort, registry, and randomized trial data on the topic of extended post-discharge thromboprophylaxis in COVID-19 inpatients are reviewed, and key patient subgroups at high thrombotic risk are highlighted, with antithrombotic guidelines on the topic discussed. EXPERT OPINION: COVID-19 inpatients with cardiovascular risk factors, advanced age, intensive care unit stay, or an IMPROVE VTE score of 4 or more or a score of 2 or 3 plus elevated D-dimers (> twice the upper limit of normal) or an IMPROVE-DD VTE score of ≥4 are at high thrombotic risk in the post-discharge period. These high-risk patient subgroups benefit from extended post-discharge thromboprophylaxis, specifically with rivaroxaban 10 mg daily for 35 days. Recent NIH and ISTH guidelines recommend or suggest this approach. Results from other clinical trials are pending.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Venous Thromboembolism , Aftercare , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Patient Discharge , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Venous Thromboembolism/drug therapy , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control
11.
Pediatrics ; 150(1)2022 07 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1817537

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of anticoagulant thromboprophylaxis among pediatric patients hospitalized for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is limited. We sought to evaluate safety, dose-finding, and preliminary efficacy of twice-daily enoxaparin as primary thromboprophylaxis among children hospitalized for symptomatic COVID-19, including primary respiratory infection and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MISC). METHODS: We performed a phase 2, multicenter, prospective, open-label, single-arm clinical trial of twice-daily enoxaparin (initial dose: 0.5mg/kg per dose; max: 60mg; target anti-Xa activity: 0.20-0.49IU/mL) as primary thromboprophylaxis for children <18 years of age hospitalized for symptomatic COVID-19. Study endpoints included: cumulative incidence of International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis-defined clinically relevant bleeding; enoxaparin dose-requirements; and cumulative incidence of venous thromboembolism within 30-days of hospital discharge. Descriptive statistics summarized endpoint estimates that were further evaluated by participant age (±12 years) and clinical presentation. RESULTS: Forty children were enrolled and 38 met analyses criteria. None experienced clinically relevant bleeding. Median (interquartile range) dose to achieve target anti-Xa levels was 0.5 mg/kg (0.48-0.54). Dose-requirement did not differ by age (0.5 [0.46-0.52] mg/kg for age ≥12 years versus 0.52 [0.49-0.55] mg/kg for age <12 years, P = .51) but was greater for participants with MISC (0.52 [0.5-0.61] mg/kg) as compared with primary COVID-19 (0.48 [0.39-0.51] mg/kg, P = .010). Two children (5.3%) developed central-venous catheter-related venous thromboembolism. No serious adverse events were related to trial intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Among children hospitalized for COVID-19, thromboprophylaxis with twice-daily enoxaparin appears safe and warrants further investigation to assess efficacy.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Venous Thromboembolism , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , COVID-19/complications , Child , Enoxaparin/adverse effects , Hemorrhage , Humans , Prospective Studies , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control
12.
Lancet ; 399(10319): 50-59, 2022 01 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1815305

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Patients hospitalised with COVID-19 are at risk for thrombotic events after discharge; the role of extended thromboprophylaxis in this population is unknown. METHODS: In this open-label, multicentre, randomised trial conducted at 14 centres in Brazil, patients hospitalised with COVID-19 at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (International Medical Prevention Registry on Venous Thromboembolism [IMPROVE] venous thromboembolism [VTE] score of ≥4 or 2-3 with a D-dimer >500 ng/mL) were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive, at hospital discharge, rivaroxaban 10 mg/day or no anticoagulation for 35 days. The primary efficacy outcome in an intention-to-treat analysis was a composite of symptomatic or fatal venous thromboembolism, asymptomatic venous thromboembolism on bilateral lower-limb venous ultrasound and CT pulmonary angiogram, symptomatic arterial thromboembolism, and cardiovascular death at day 35. Adjudication was blinded. The primary safety outcome was major bleeding. The primary and safety analyses were carried out in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04662684. FINDINGS: From Oct 8, 2020, to June 29, 2021, 997 patients were screened. Of these patients, 677 did not meet eligibility criteria; the remaining 320 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive rivaroxaban (n=160 [50%]) or no anticoagulation (n=160 [50%]). All patients received thromboprophylaxis with standard doses of heparin during hospitalisation. 165 (52%) patients were in the intensive care unit while hospitalised. 197 (62%) patients had an IMPROVE score of 2-3 and elevated D-dimer levels and 121 (38%) had a score of 4 or more. Two patients (one in each group) were lost to follow-up due to withdrawal of consent and not included in the intention-to-treat primary analysis. The primary efficacy outcome occurred in five (3%) of 159 patients assigned to rivaroxaban and 15 (9%) of 159 patients assigned to no anticoagulation (relative risk 0·33, 95% CI 0·12-0·90; p=0·0293). No major bleeding occurred in either study group. Allergic reactions occurred in two (1%) patients in the rivaroxaban group. INTERPRETATION: In patients at high risk discharged after hospitalisation due to COVID-19, thromboprophylaxis with rivaroxaban 10 mg/day for 35 days improved clinical outcomes compared with no extended thromboprophylaxis. FUNDING: Bayer.


Тема - темы
Aftercare , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , COVID-19/complications , Factor Xa Inhibitors/pharmacology , Factor Xa Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Rivaroxaban/pharmacology , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , Female , Heparin/administration & dosage , Heparin/therapeutic use , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Discharge , Treatment Outcome
13.
Lancet ; 399(10320): 118-119, 2022 01 08.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1612113
14.
Eur J Intern Med ; 96: 13-16, 2022 02.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1605021

Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Anticoagulants , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
16.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 52(4): 1032-1035, 2021 Nov.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525576

Реферат

There is a need to discriminate which COVID-19 inpatients are at higher risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) to inform prophylaxis strategies. The IMPROVE-DD VTE risk assessment model (RAM) has previously demonstrated good discrimination in non-COVID populations. We aimed to externally validate the IMPROVE-DD VTE RAM in medical patients hospitalized with COVID-19. This retrospective cohort study evaluated the IMPROVE-DD VTE RAM in adult patients with COVID-19 admitted to one of thirteen Northwell Health hospitals in the New York metropolitan area between March 1, 2020 and April 27, 2020. VTE was defined as new-onset symptomatic deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. To assess the predictive value of the RAM, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated. Of 9407 patients who met study criteria, 274 patients developed VTE with a prevalence of 2.91%. The VTE rate was 0.41% for IMPROVE-DD score 0-1 (low risk), 1.21% for score 2-3 (moderate risk), and 5.30% for score ≥ 4 (high risk). Approximately 45.7% of patients were classified as high VTE risk, 33.3% moderate risk, and 21.0% low risk. Discrimination of low versus moderate-high VTE risk demonstrated sensitivity 0.971, specificity 0.215, PPV 0.036, and NPV 0.996. ROC AUC was 0.703. In this external validation study, the IMPROVE-DD VTE RAM demonstrated very good discrimination to identify hospitalized COVID-19 patients at low, moderate, and high VTE risk.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Risk Assessment , Venous Thromboembolism , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Inpatients , New York City , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Venous Thromboembolism/diagnosis , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology
17.
J Clin Med ; 10(22)2021 Nov 18.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1524043

Реферат

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the potential beneficial effect of immunomodulation therapy on the thromboembolic risk in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for randomized trials reporting the outcomes of venous thromboembolism (VTE), ischemic stroke or systemic embolism, myocardial infarction, any thromboembolic event, and all-cause mortality in COVID-19 patients treated with immunomodulatory agents. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using the Mantel-Haenszel random effects method. RESULTS: Among 8499 patients hospitalized with COVID-19, 4638 were treated with an immunomodulatory agent, 3861-with usual care only. Among the patients prescribed immunomodulatory agents, there were 1.77 VTEs per 100 patient-months compared to 2.30 among those treated with usual care (OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.61-1.16; I2: 0%). Among the patients who received an interleukin 6 (IL-6) antagonist, VTEs were reported in 12 among the 1075 patients compared to 20 among the 848 receiving the usual care (OR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.22-1.20; I2: 6%). Immunomodulators as an add-on to usual care did not reduce the risk of stroke or systemic embolism (OR: 1.10, 95% CI: 0.50-2.40; I2: 0%) or of myocardial infarction (OR: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.47-2.39; I2: 0%) and there was a nonsignificant reduction in any thromboembolic event (OR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.65-1.14; I2: 0%). CONCLUSIONS: We did not identify a statistically significant effect of immunomodulation on prevention of thromboembolic events in COVID-19. However, given the large effect estimate for VTE prevention, especially in the patients treated with IL-6 antagonists, we cannot exclude a potential effect of immunomodulation.

18.
[Unspecified Source]; 2020.
Разные документы в английский | [Unspecified Source] | ID: grc-750560
19.
JAMA Intern Med ; 181(12): 1612-1620, 2021 12 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1453495

Реферат

Importance: Hospitalized patients with COVID-19 are at risk for venous and arterial thromboembolism and death. Optimal thromboprophylaxis dosing in high-risk patients is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the effects of therapeutic-dose low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) vs institutional standard prophylactic or intermediate-dose heparins for thromboprophylaxis in high-risk hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Design, Setting, and Participants: The HEP-COVID multicenter randomized clinical trial recruited hospitalized adult patients with COVID-19 with D-dimer levels more than 4 times the upper limit of normal or sepsis-induced coagulopathy score of 4 or greater from May 8, 2020, through May 14, 2021, at 12 academic centers in the US. Interventions: Patients were randomized to institutional standard prophylactic or intermediate-dose LMWH or unfractionated heparin vs therapeutic-dose enoxaparin, 1 mg/kg subcutaneous, twice daily if creatinine clearance was 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 or greater (0.5 mg/kg twice daily if creatinine clearance was 15-29 mL/min/1.73 m2) throughout hospitalization. Patients were stratified at the time of randomization based on intensive care unit (ICU) or non-ICU status. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was venous thromboembolism (VTE), arterial thromboembolism (ATE), or death from any cause, and the principal safety outcome was major bleeding at 30 ± 2 days. Data were collected and adjudicated locally by blinded investigators via imaging, laboratory, and health record data. Results: Of 257 patients randomized, 253 were included in the analysis (mean [SD] age, 66.7 [14.0] years; men, 136 [53.8%]; women, 117 [46.2%]); 249 patients (98.4%) met inclusion criteria based on D-dimer elevation and 83 patients (32.8%) were stratified as ICU-level care. There were 124 patients (49%) in the standard-dose vs 129 patients (51%) in the therapeutic-dose group. The primary efficacy outcome was met in 52 of 124 patients (41.9%) (28.2% VTE, 3.2% ATE, 25.0% death) with standard-dose heparins vs 37 of 129 patients (28.7%) (11.7% VTE, 3.2% ATE, 19.4% death) with therapeutic-dose LMWH (relative risk [RR], 0.68; 95% CI, 0.49-0.96; P = .03), including a reduction in thromboembolism (29.0% vs 10.9%; RR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.21-0.66; P < .001). The incidence of major bleeding was 1.6% with standard-dose vs 4.7% with therapeutic-dose heparins (RR, 2.88; 95% CI, 0.59-14.02; P = .17). The primary efficacy outcome was reduced in non-ICU patients (36.1% vs 16.7%; RR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.27-0.81; P = .004) but not ICU patients (55.3% vs 51.1%; RR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.62-1.39; P = .71). Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, therapeutic-dose LMWH reduced major thromboembolism and death compared with institutional standard heparin thromboprophylaxis among inpatients with COVID-19 with very elevated D-dimer levels. The treatment effect was not seen in ICU patients. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04401293.


Тема - темы
Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , COVID-19/diagnosis , Enoxaparin/administration & dosage , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/administration & dosage , Heparin/administration & dosage , Hospital Mortality , Inpatients , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Hospitalization , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
20.
Am Heart J ; 242: 115-122, 2021 12.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1392113

Реферат

BACKGROUND: The devastating Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is associated with a high prothrombotic state. It is unclear if the coagulation abnormalities occur because of the direct effect of SARS-CoV-2 or indirectly by the cytokine storm and endothelial damage or by a combination of mechanisms. There is a clear indication of in-hospital pharmacological thromboprophylaxis for every patient with COVID-19 after bleed risk assessment. However, there is much debate regarding the best dosage regimen, and there is no consensus on the role of extended thromboprophylaxis. DESIGN: This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban 10 mg once daily for 35 ± 4 days versus no intervention after hospital discharge in COVID-19 patients who were at increased risk for VTE and have received standard parenteral VTE prophylaxis during hospitalization. The composite efficacy endpoint is a combination of symptomatic VTE, VTE-related death, VTE detected by bilateral lower limbs venous duplex scan and computed tomography pulmonary angiogram on day 35 ± 4 posthospital discharge and symptomatic arterial thromboembolism (myocardial infarction, nonhemorrhagic stroke, major adverse limb events, and cardiovascular death) up to day 35 ± 4 posthospital discharge. The key safety outcome is the incidence of major bleeding according to ISTH criteria. SUMMARY: The MICHELLE trial is expected to provide high-quality evidence around the role of extended thromboprophylaxis in COVID-19 and will help guide medical decisions in clinical practice.1.


Тема - темы
COVID-19/complications , Factor Xa Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Rivaroxaban/administration & dosage , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Adult , Brazil , Drug Administration Schedule , Factor Xa Inhibitors/adverse effects , Female , Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Embolism/etiology , Pulmonary Embolism/prevention & control , Rivaroxaban/adverse effects , Thromboembolism/etiology , Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Thrombosis/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control
Критерии поиска