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1.
Indian J Public Health ; 66(Supplement): S71-S75, 2022 Nov.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2144166

Реферат

Background: Persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at high-risk for COVID-19 infection and are a priority group for vaccination. Objectives: The objective of this study is to estimate the seroconversion and determine the side effects after COVID-19 vaccination among persons with T2DM in urban, rural, and tribal areas in Kerala. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban, rural, and tribal field practice areas of a medical college in Central Kerala, among 396 persons with T2DM. The participants were selected by simple random sampling from the 200-250 diabetic patients visiting each health center. Qualitative and quantitative estimation of antibodies were done by WANTAI Ab enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit and Abbott SARS COV-2 IgG Quantitative assay, respectively. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 59.40 ± 12.25 years. A majority (65.5%) had received both doses of vaccine. About half (51.5%) experienced side effects after vaccination. Antibodies (IgG or IgM) were detected in 93.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 90.2, 95.5) of participants. Those with a duration of diabetes ≥5 years, with a single dose of vaccine, were five times (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] - 5.23,95% CI 1.86, 14.66) and four times (aOR - 4.11, 95% CI 1.66, 10.13) more likely, respectively, to be seronegative. Those who took medication for diabetes were protected against a no antibody (aOR - 0.05, 95% CI 0.02, 0.148) response. The median antibody titer in a subset (150) of participants was 365.2 (90-1587) AU/ml. Past COVID infection was an independent determinant of high IgG titers (aOR - 4.95, 95% CI 1.50, 16.36). Conclusion: Reinforcing the importance of vaccination particularly among those with longer duration of diabetes is imperative.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , India/epidemiology , Seroconversion , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Vaccination , Immunoglobulin G
2.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1017590, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2142027

Реферат

Background: In response to SARS-CoV-2 mutations and waning antibody levels after two-dose inactivated vaccines, we assessed whether a third dose of recombinant protein subunit vaccine (ZF2001) boosts immune responses. Methods: An open-label single-center non-random trial was conducted on people aged 18 years and above at five sites in China. All participants received a two-dose inactivated vaccine (CoronaVac) as their prime doses within 3-9 months of the trial. Primary outcomes were safety and immunogenicity, primarily the geometric mean titers (GMTs) of neutralizing antibodies to live wildtype SARS-CoV-2. Results: A total of 480 participants (median age, 51; range 21-84 years) previously vaccinated with two-dose CoronaVac received a third booster dose of ZF2001 3-4, 5-6, or 7-9-months later. The overall incidence of adverse reactions within 30 days after vaccination was 5.83% (28/480). No serious adverse reactions were reported after the third dose of ZF2001. GMTs in the 3-4-, 5-6-, and 7-9-month groups before vaccination were 3.96, 4.60, and 3.78, respectively. On Day 14, GMTs increased to 33.06, 47.51, and 44.12, respectively. After the booster, GMTs showed no significant difference among the three prime-boost interval groups (all P>0.05). Additionally, GMTs in older adults were lower than those in younger adults on Day 14 for the three groups (P=0.0005, P<0.0001, and P<0.0001). Conclusion: Heterologous boosting with ZF2001 was safe and immunogenic, and prime-boost intervals did not affect the immune response. The immune response was weaker in older than younger adults.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Protein Subunits , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/administration & dosage , Vaccines, Subunit/adverse effects , Vaccines, Synthetic/adverse effects , Young Adult , Adult , Aged, 80 and over
3.
Front Immunol ; 13: 894277, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2141904

Реферат

Background: Scarce information exists in relation to the comparison of seroconversion and adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with different SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. Our aim was to correlate the magnitude of the antibody response to vaccination with previous clinical conditions and AEFI. Methods: A multicentric comparative study where SARS-CoV-2 spike 1-2 IgG antibodies IgG titers were measured at baseline, 21-28 days after the first and second dose (when applicable) of the following vaccines: BNT162b2 mRNA, mRNA-1273, Gam-COVID-Vac, Coronavac, ChAdOx1-S, Ad5-nCoV and Ad26.COV2. Mixed model and Poisson generalized linear models were performed. Results: We recruited 1867 individuals [52 (SD 16.8) years old, 52% men]. All vaccines enhanced anti-S1 and anti-S2 IgG antibodies over time (p<0.01). The highest increase after the first and second dose was observed in mRNA-1273 (p<0.001). There was an effect of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection; and an interaction of age with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection, Gam-COVID-Vac and ChAdOx1-S (p<0.01). There was a negative correlation of Severe or Systemic AEFI (AEs) of naïve SARS-CoV-2 subjects with age and sex (p<0.001); a positive interaction between the delta of antibodies with Gam-COVID-Vac (p=0.002). Coronavac, Gam-COVID-Vac and ChAdOx1-S had less AEs compared to BNT162b (p<0.01). mRNA-1273 had the highest number of AEFIs. The delta of the antibodies showed an association with AEFIs in previously infected individuals (p<0.001). Conclusions: The magnitude of seroconversion is predicted by age, vaccine type and SARS-CoV-2 exposure. AEs are correlated with age, sex, and vaccine type. The delta of the antibody response only correlates with AEs in patients previously exposed to SARS-CoV-2. Registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT05228912.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Immunization , Immunoglobulin G , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2/immunology
4.
Front Immunol ; 13: 872683, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2141852

Реферат

Despite their proven efficacy and huge contribution to the health of humankind, vaccines continue to be a source of concern for some individuals around the world. Vaccinations against COVID-19 increased the number of distressed people and intensified their distrust, particularly as the pandemic was still emerging and the populations were encouraged to be vaccinated under various slogans like "back to normal life" and "stop coronavirus", goals which are still to be achieved. As fear of vaccination-related adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) is the main reason for vaccine hesitancy, we reviewed immune and autoimmune AEFIs in particular, though very rare, as the most worrisome aspect of the vaccines. Among others, autoimmune AEFIs of the most commonly administered COVID-19 vaccines include neurological ones such as Guillain-Barre syndrome, transverse myelitis, and Bell's palsy, as well as myocarditis. In addition, the newly introduced notion related to COVID-19 vaccines, "vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia/vaccine-induced prothrombotic immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia" (VITT/VIPITT)", is of importance as well. Overviewing recent medical literature while focusing on the major immune and autoimmune AEFIs, demonstrating their rate of occurrence, presenting the cases reported, and their link to the specific type of COVID-19 vaccines represented the main aim of our work. In this narrative review, we illustrate the different vaccine types in current use, their associated immune and autoimmune AEFIs, with a focus on the 3 main COVID-19 vaccines (BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, and ChAdOx1). While the rate of AEFIs is extremely low, addressing the issue in this manner, in our opinion, is the best strategy for coping with vaccine hesitancy.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Thrombocytopenia , 2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273 , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Humans , Thrombocytopenia/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects
5.
Front Immunol ; 13: 859926, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2141828

Реферат

Efficient protection against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been achieved by immunization with mRNA-based vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, efficient immune responses against this novel virus by vaccination are accompanied by a wide variety of side effects. Indeed, flares or new-onset of autoimmune disorders have been reported soon after the COVID-19 vaccination. Although pro-inflammatory cytokine responses play pathogenic roles in the development of autoimmunity, cytokines charactering COVID-19 vaccination-related autoimmune responses have been poorly understood. Given that mRNA derived from COVID-19 vaccine is a potent inducer for pro-inflammatory cytokine responses, these cytokines might mediate autoimmune responses after COVID-19 vaccination. Here we report a case with new-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) following COVID-19 vaccination. Serum concentrations not only of arthrogenic cytokines, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), but also of type I interferon (IFN) were elevated at the active phase in this case. Induction of remission by methotrexate and tocilizumab was accompanied by a marked reduction in serum concentrations of type I IFN, IL-6, and TNF-α. These results suggest that production of type I IFN, IL-6, and TNF-α induced by COVID-19 vaccination might be involved in this case with new-onset RA.


Тема - темы
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Autoimmune Diseases , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Cytokines/therapeutic use , Humans , Interleukin-6 , RNA, Messenger/therapeutic use , SARS-CoV-2 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Vaccination/adverse effects
6.
Yonsei Med J ; 63(12): 1078-1087, 2022 Dec.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2141689

Реферат

PURPOSE: The association between reactogenicity and immunogenicity of the ChAdOx1 nCOV-19 is controversial. We aimed to evaluate this association among South Korean healthcare workers (HCWs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants received two doses of the ChAdOx1vaccine 12 weeks apart. Blood samples were tested for anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein receptor binding domain antibodies about 2 months after the first and second doses using the Elecsys Anti-SARS-CoV-2 S assay kits. Adverse events were noted using an online self-reporting questionnaire. RESULTS: Among the 232 HCWs, pain (85.78% after the first dose vs. 58.62% after the second dose, p<0.001) was the most prominent local reaction, and myalgia or fatigue (84.05% vs. 53.02%, p<0.001) was the most prominent systemic reaction. The frequency of all adverse events was significantly reduced after the second dose. After the first dose, the anti-SARS-CoV-2 S showed significantly higher titer in the group with swelling, itching, fever, and nausea. Also, the anti-SARS-CoV-2 S titer significantly increased as the grade of fever (p=0.007) and duration of fever (p=0.026) increased; however, there was no significant correlation between immunogenicity and adverse event after the second dose. The group with pain after the first dose showed a greater increase in the anti-SARS-CoV-2 S difference between the second and first doses compared to the group without pain (542.2 U/mL vs. 363.8 U/mL, p=0.037). CONCLUSION: The frequency of adverse events occurring after the first dose of the ChAdOx1 was significantly reduced after the second dose. Interestingly, the elevation of anti-SARS-CoV-2 S titer was significantly increased in the group with pain after the first dose.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , COVID-19/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Health Personnel , Fever , Pain/etiology , Antibodies , Republic of Korea
7.
CMAJ ; 194(45): E1529-E1536, 2022 Nov 21.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2140751

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Postmarketing evaluations have linked myocarditis to SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines. We sought to estimate the incidence of myocarditis after mRNA vaccination against SARS-CoV-2, and to compare the incidence with expected rates based on historical background rates in British Columbia. METHODS: We conducted an observational study using population health administrative data from the BC COVID-19 Cohort from Dec. 15, 2020, to Mar. 10, 2022. The primary exposure was any dose of an mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2. The primary outcome was incidence of hospital admission or emergency department visit for myocarditis or myopericarditis within 7 and 21 days postvaccination, calculated as myocarditis rates per 100 000 mRNA vaccine doses, expected rates of myocarditis cases and observedto-expected ratios. We stratified analyses by age, sex, vaccine type and dose number. RESULTS: We observed 99 incident cases of myocarditis within 7 days (0.97 cases per 100 000 vaccine doses; observed v. expected ratio 14.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 10.83-16.55) and 141 cases within 21 days (1.37 cases per 100 000 vaccine doses; observed v. expected ratio 7.03, 95% CI 5.92-8.29) postvaccination. Cases of myocarditis per 100 000 vaccine doses were higher for people aged 12-17 years (2.64, 95% CI 1.54-4.22) and 18-29 years (2.63, 95% CI 1.94-3.50) than for older age groups, for males compared with females (1.64, 95% CI 1.30-2.04 v. 0.35, 95% CI 0.21-0.55), for those receiving a second dose compared with a third dose (1.90, 95% CI 1.50-2.39 v. 0.76, 95% CI 0.45-1.30) and for those who received the mRNA-1273 (Moderna) vaccine compared with the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) vaccine (1.44, 95% CI 1.06-1.91 v. 0.74, 95% CI 0.56-0.98). The highest observed-to-expected ratio was seen after the second dose among males aged 18-29 years who received the mRNA-1273 vaccine (148.32, 95% CI 95.03-220.69). INTERPRETATION: Although absolute rates of myocarditis were low, vaccine type, age and sex are important factors to consider when strategizing vaccine administration to reduce the risk of postvaccination myocarditis. Our findings support the preferential use of the BNT162b2 vaccine over the mRNA-1273 vaccine for people aged 18-29 years.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Myocarditis , Male , Female , Humans , Aged , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Cohort Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Myocarditis/epidemiology , Myocarditis/etiology , 2019-nCoV Vaccine mRNA-1273 , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination/adverse effects
8.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0274526, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2140527

Реферат

Several messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and inactivated COVID-19 vaccines are available to the global population as of 2022. The acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine will play a key role in combating the worldwide pandemic. Public confidence in this vaccine is largely based on its safety and effectiveness. This study was designed to provide independent evidence of the adverse effects associated with COVID-19 vaccines among healthcare workers in Iraq and to identify the attitudes of healthcare workers who rejected the vaccination. We conducted a cross-sectional study to collect data on the adverse effects of the Pfizer, AstraZeneca, and Sinopharm vaccines. Data were collected between October 2021 and February 2022. A total of 2,202 participants were enrolled in the study: (89.97%) received injections of the COVID-19 vaccines and (10.03%) were hesitant to receive the vaccination. Participants received either the Pfizer vaccine (62.9%), AstraZeneca vaccine (23.5%) or Sinopharm vaccine (13.6%). Most adverse effects were significantly less prevalent in the second dose than in the first dose. Notably, the adverse effects associated with the Pfizer vaccine were significantly more prevalent in females than in males. Following the first dose, the participants experienced more adverse effects with the AstraZeneca vaccine. Following the second dose, more adverse effects were associated with the Pfizer vaccine. Interestingly, the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in participants who received two doses of the Pfizer vaccine was significantly reduced compared to those who received two doses of either the AstraZeneca or Sinopharm vaccines. According to vaccine-hesitated participants, insufficient knowledge (29.9%), expeditious development (27.6%) and lack of trust in the vaccines (27.1%) were the three major reasons for refusing the vaccines. The results of our study indicated that these adverse effects do not present a significant problem and should not prevent successful control of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Vaccines , Female , Humans , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel , Iraq/epidemiology , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vaccination/adverse effects
9.
J Med Case Rep ; 16(1): 445, 2022 Nov 25.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2139400

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Given the current climate of the pandemic, lung cancer patients are especially vulnerable to complications from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. As a high-risk population group, these patients are strongly advised to receive coronavirus disease 2019 vaccination in accordance with Center for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines to minimize morbidity and mortality. In recent years, immunotherapy has taken a preeminent role in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer with dramatic improvement in overall survival. Reactive lymphadenopathy following the administration of a coronavirus disease 2019 vaccination can confound the radiographic interpretation of positron emission tomography-computed tomography or computed tomography scans from lung cancer patients receiving immunotherapy. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present a case of a 61-year-old Caucasian female and former smoker who developed cervical, hilar, supraclavicular, mediastinal, and left retroauricular lymphadenopathy following her coronavirus disease 2019 booster vaccination. At the time, she had been receiving long-term immunotherapy for the treatment of advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Biopsy was pursued owing to concerns of treatment failure and confirmed recurrent malignancy. CONCLUSION: This case report highlights the importance of lymph node biopsies in lung cancer patients who present with contralateral lymphadenopathy following coronavirus disease 2019 vaccination to rule out tumor recurrence in this deserving patient population.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Lymphadenopathy , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/therapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphadenopathy/etiology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
10.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 216, 2022 06 21.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2139184

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccination has become a major part of the strategy to reduce Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) numbers worldwide. To date, vaccinations based on several mechanisms have been used clinically, although relapse of existent glomerulonephritis presenting as gross hematuria, and occurrence of de novo glomerulonephritis have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the first sibling cases newly diagnosed as immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy after the second dose of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. 15- and 18-year-old men presented with gross hematuria following the second dose of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (Pfizer, BNT162b2) received on the same day. Pathological findings of each kidney biopsy specimen were consistent with IgA nephropathy. Gross hematuria in both cases spontaneously recovered within several days. CONCLUSIONS: These cases indicate that SARS-CoV-2 vaccination might trigger de novo IgA nephropathy or stimulate its relapse, and also highlight the necessity of understanding the immunological responses to the novel mRNA vaccines in patients with kidney diseases.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Glomerulonephritis , Adolescent , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Chronic Disease , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/diagnosis , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/pathology , Hematuria/etiology , Humans , Male , Recurrence , SARS-CoV-2 , Siblings , Vaccination/adverse effects
11.
Postgrad Med J ; 98(1166): 900-901, 2022 Dec.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2138045
12.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(11)2022 Nov 28.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2137570

Реферат

The SARS-COV-2 pandemic led to the development of several vaccinations to contain the disease. The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 (BNT162b2) vaccine was recommended on May 2021 for use in children above 12 years and older. The vaccine is safe, well tolerated and highly effective. Initial reports showed no serious adverse events; however, cases of myocarditis in young healthy male adolescents have been reported. We report two cases of myocarditis/perimyocarditis who presented with short history of chest pain following administration of the second dose of the MRN COVID-19 vaccine.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Myocarditis , Adolescent , Child , Male , Humans , Myocarditis/etiology , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , BNT162 Vaccine , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control
13.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(11)2022 Nov 22.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2137567

Реферат

A previously healthy Japanese woman in her 20s was admitted to our hospital with a 2-week history of fever (39.0°C) and a 1-week history of painful cervical lymphadenopathy. The day before fever onset, she had received her first Pfizer-BioNTech SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in her left arm. She had previously been treated with empirical antibiotics with no improvement. Physical examination revealed painful lymphadenopathy in both posterior cervical regions. CT showed symmetrical lymphadenopathies in the neck, supraclavicular, axillary and inguinal regions as well as hepatosplenomegaly. We suspected lymphoma and performed a lymph node biopsy in the right inguinal region, which revealed necrotising histiocytic lymphadenitis. The patient was, therefore, diagnosed with Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD). She improved after the corticosteroid therapy. This report highlights the importance of including KFD as a differential diagnosis of lymphadenopathy after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Additionally, lymph node biopsy is helpful for diagnosing KFD because it rules out other entities.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis , Lymphadenopathy , Female , Humans , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis/diagnosis , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis/etiology , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis/pathology , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Lymphadenopathy/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects , Fever/etiology , Pain/complications
14.
15.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 28(8): 381-389, 2022 Dec 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2135822

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the immunogenicity and safety of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients with RD. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus to identify observational studies that examined the immunogenicity and safety of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in RD patients. Information on disease, immunosuppressant, vaccine type, and proportion of patients with serologic response was obtained from each study. RESULTS: There were 25 eligible studies. The pooled rate of seroconversion was 0.79 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72-0.86). Compared with control subjects, the odds of seroconversion were significantly lower (odds ratio, 0.11; 95% CI, 0.05-0.24). Users of rituximab showed the lowest rate of seroconversion (0.39; 95% CI, 0.29-0.51) followed by mycophenolate (0.56; 95% CI, 0.40-71). On the other hand, users of interleukin 17 (0.94; 95% CI, 0.78-0.98) and tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (0.94; 95% CI, 0.84-0.98) showed high seroconversion rate. Regarding safety of COVID-19 vaccine, approximately 2% of patients reported severe adverse events and 7% reported diseases flares following the first or second dose. CONCLUSION: Vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 appears to be safe. Most RD patients developed humoral immune response following vaccination. However, the odds of seroconversion were significantly lower in RD patients compared with controls. This is likely driven by certain immunosuppressants including rituximab and mycophenolate. Future studies need to identify strategies to improve vaccine response in these patients.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Rheumatic Diseases , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , SARS-CoV-2 , Rituximab , COVID-19/prevention & control , Rheumatic Diseases/drug therapy , Vaccination , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(43): e31304, 2022 Oct 28.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2135740

Реферат

RATIONALE: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), an infectious disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 virus, was reported in Wuhan of China in December 2019. The world is still in a state of pandemic owing to COVID-19. COVID-19 vaccines help our bodies develop immunity against the virus that causes COVID-19 without having to get the illness. Herein, we describe a rare case of a critical disorder, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), in a patient with nephritic sclerosis associated with hypertension, following mRNA COVID-19 vaccination. HLH is a life-threatening hyperinflammatory syndrome caused by aberrantly activated macrophages and cytotoxic T cells that may rapidly progress to terminal multiple organ failure. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 85-year-old Japanese woman with chronic renal failure and hypertension was included in this study. Routine laboratory investigations provided the following results: white blood cell (WBC) count, 4.6 × 109/L; hemoglobin (Hb), 8.1 g/dL; platelet count, 27 × 109/L; blood urea nitrogen 48.9 mg/dL, and serum creatinine 3.95 mg/dL. The patient developed malaise, vomiting, and persistent high fever (up to 39.7°C) on the 12th day after receiving the second dose of the vaccine. Initial evaluation revealed neutropenia. The total WBC count was 0.40 × 109/L (Neutrophils 0, Lymphocytes 240/µ, blast 0%); Hb 9.0 g/dL, platelet count 27 × 109/L; and, C Reactive Protein 9.64 mg/dL. DIAGNOSIS: Further tests showed hyperferritinemia (serum ferritin 2284.4 µg/L). Bone marrow examination revealed haemophagocytosis. A provisional diagnosis of HLH associated with the Comirnaty® vaccination was made based on the HLH-2004 diagnostic criteria. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and 500 mg methylprednisolone. OUTCOMES: A significant improvement was observed in the patient's condition; the abnormal laboratory results resolved gradually, and the patient was discharged. LESSONS: This case serves to create awareness among clinicians that HLH is a rare complication of COVID-19 vaccination and should be considered, especially in patients with a history of chronic renal failure and hypertension.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Hypertension , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Hypertension/complications , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/chemically induced , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/diagnosis , Vaccination/adverse effects
20.
Am J Perinatol ; 39(16): 1750-1753, 2022 Dec.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2133778

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the acute side effects experienced by pregnant women who received a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine in the United States and to compare their experience to nonpregnant women of similar age. STUDY DESIGN: Adults who received a COVID-19 vaccine in the United States were invited via social media to enroll in an online, longitudinal, community-based registry ( www.helpstopCOVID19.com ). Participants self-reported pregnancy status, vaccination dates, manufacturer, acute side effects, impact on work and self-care, medical consultation, and hospitalization. This analysis was restricted to women aged 20 to 39 at the time of vaccination. Side effects reported by pregnant women were compared to those reported by nonpregnant women. RESULTS: This analysis included 946 pregnant women, with 572 (60%) receiving at least one dose of Pfizer, 321 (34%) Moderna, and 53 (6%) J&J, and 1,178 nonpregnant women. Demographic and medical history were similar across manufacturers for both cohorts.Overall, pregnant women reported similar side effects as nonpregnant women, with the most common being injection site reactions (83 vs. 87%), fatigue (72 vs.78%), and headache (45 vs. 59%). Pregnant women reported fewer side effects (median: 3 vs. 4, respectively). In both cohorts, very few reported seeking medical care (<5%) or being hospitalized (<0.3%) after vaccination. Fewer pregnant women reported working less after vaccination than nonpregnant women (32 vs. 40%) or trouble with self-care (32 vs. 46%), respectively. CONCLUSION: Pregnant women reported similar COVID-19 vaccine side effects as nonpregnant women, although fewer total side effects; pregnant women judged these side effects to have less impact on work and self-care. While these results do not address pregnancy outcomes or long-term effects, findings about acute side effects and impact offer reassurance for all three vaccines in terms of tolerability. KEY POINTS: · COVID vaccines were well tolerated by pregnant women.. · Pregnant women reported fewer total side effects.. · Pregnant women reported less impact on work and self-care..


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Vaccines , Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Self Report , United States/epidemiology , Vaccination/adverse effects
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