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1.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 311, 2022 10 14.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079529

Реферат

BACKGROUND: The sublingual microcirculation presumably exhibits disease-specific changes in function and morphology. Algorithm-based quantification of functional microcirculatory hemodynamic variables in handheld vital microscopy (HVM) has recently allowed identification of hemodynamic alterations in the microcirculation associated with COVID-19. In the present study we hypothesized that supervised deep machine learning could be used to identify previously unknown microcirculatory alterations, and combination with algorithmically quantified functional variables increases the model's performance to differentiate critically ill COVID-19 patients from healthy volunteers. METHODS: Four international, multi-central cohorts of critically ill COVID-19 patients and healthy volunteers (n = 59/n = 40) were used for neuronal network training and internal validation, alongside quantification of functional microcirculatory hemodynamic variables. Independent verification of the models was performed in a second cohort (n = 25/n = 33). RESULTS: Six thousand ninety-two image sequences in 157 individuals were included. Bootstrapped internal validation yielded AUROC(CI) for detection of COVID-19 status of 0.75 (0.69-0.79), 0.74 (0.69-0.79) and 0.84 (0.80-0.89) for the algorithm-based, deep learning-based and combined models. Individual model performance in external validation was 0.73 (0.71-0.76) and 0.61 (0.58-0.63). Combined neuronal network and algorithm-based identification yielded the highest externally validated AUROC of 0.75 (0.73-0.78) (P < 0.0001 versus internal validation and individual models). CONCLUSIONS: We successfully trained a deep learning-based model to differentiate critically ill COVID-19 patients from heathy volunteers in sublingual HVM image sequences. Internally validated, deep learning was superior to the algorithmic approach. However, combining the deep learning method with an algorithm-based approach to quantify the functional state of the microcirculation markedly increased the sensitivity and specificity as compared to either approach alone, and enabled successful external validation of the identification of the presence of microcirculatory alterations associated with COVID-19 status.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Critical Illness , Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Microcirculation/physiology , Sensitivity and Specificity
2.
Acta Med Indones ; 54(3): 438-443, 2022 Jul.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2046460

Реферат

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused more than 4 million deaths worldwide to date. During the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, thrombotic complications due to hypercoagulable state have emerged as an important issue. Acute limb ischemia is one of emergency cases in vascular disease caused by a sudden decrease in arterial limbs perfusion. Here, we report a 53-year-old male patient with severe COVID-19 and a history of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who developed extensive arterial thrombosis and limb ischemia despite being on therapeutic-dose anticoagulation, requiring surgical intervention. Right and left leg open thrombectomy was performed at day 7 after admission due to the excruciating pain and the worsening of the limb conditions. The patient was transferred to intensive care unit in emergency room because of the unstable hemodynamic and passed away a few hours after the surgery. For critically ill patients with COVID-19, special attention should be paid to abnormal coagulation dysfunction and microcirculatory disorders.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Thrombosis , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Humans , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/surgery , Male , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Thrombosis/etiology
3.
Microcirculation ; 29(6-7): e12785, 2022 Oct.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038150

Тема - темы
Microcirculation
4.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 18: 711-719, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2029866

Реферат

Purpose: The pathophysiology of chronic fatigue associated with post-COVID syndrome is not well recognized. It is assumed that this condition is partly due to vascular dysfunction developed during an acute phase of infection. There is great demand for a diagnostic tool that is able to clinically assess post-COVID syndrome and monitor the rehabilitation process. Patients and Methods: The Flow Mediated Skin Fluorescence (FMSF) technique appears uniquely suitable for the analysis of basal microcirculatory oscillations and reactive hyperemia induced by transient ischemia. The FMSF was used to measure vascular circulation in 45 patients with post-COVID syndrome. The results were compared with those for a group of 26 amateur runners before and after high-intensity exercise as well as for a control group of 32 healthy age-matched individuals. Results: Based on the observed changes in the NOI (Normoxia Oscillatory Index) and RHR (Reactive Hyperemia Response) parameters measured with the FMSF technique, it was found that chronic fatigue associated with post-COVID syndrome is comparable with transient fatigue caused by high-intensity exercise in terms of vascular effects, which are associated with vascular stress in the macrocirculation and microcirculation. Acute and chronic fatigue symptomatology shared similarly altered changes in the NOI and RHR parameters and both can be linked to calcium homeostasis modification. Conclusion: The NOI and RHR parameters measured with the FMSF technique can be used for non-invasive clinical assessment of post-COVID syndrome as well as for monitoring the rehabilitation process.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic , Hyperemia , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , Exercise , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/diagnosis , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/etiology , Humans , Microcirculation
5.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(8): 571-577, 2022 Aug.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1984481

Реферат

The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, is an unprecedented challenge for the global community. The pathogenesis of COVID-19, its complications and long term sequelae (so called Long/Post-COVID) include, in addition to the direct virus-induced tissues injury, multiple secondary processes, such as autoimmune response, impairment of microcirculation, and hyperinflammation. Similar pathological processes, but in the settings of neurological, cardiovascular, rheumatological, nephrological, and dermatological diseases can be successfully treated by powerful methods of Therapeutic Apheresis (TA). We describe here the rationale and the initial attempts of TA treatment in severe cases of acute COVID-19. We next review the evidence for the role of autoimmunity, microcirculatory changes and inflammation in pathogenesis of Long/Post COVID and the rationale for targeting those pathogenic processes by different methods of TA. Finally, we discuss the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on patients, who undergo regular TA treatments due to their underlying chronic conditions, with the specific focus on the patients with inherited lipid diseases being treated at the Dresden University Apheresis Center.


Тема - темы
Blood Component Removal , COVID-19 , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Humans , Microcirculation , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 206(2): 228-229, 2022 07 15.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1950550
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(13)2022 Jun 29.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1911407

Реферат

Long COVID (LC) describes the clinical phenotype of symptoms after infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Diagnostic and therapeutic options are limited, as the pathomechanism of LC is elusive. As the number of acute SARS-CoV-2 infections was and is large, LC will be a challenge for the healthcare system. Previous studies revealed an impaired blood flow, the formation of microclots, and autoimmune mechanisms as potential factors in this complex interplay. Since functionally active autoantibodies against G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR-AAbs) were observed in patients after SARS-CoV-2 infection, this study aimed to correlate the appearance of GPCR-AAbs with capillary microcirculation. The seropositivity of GPCR-AAbs was measured by an established cardiomyocyte bioassay in 42 patients with LC and 6 controls. Retinal microcirculation was measured by OCT-angiography and quantified as macula and peripapillary vessel density (VD) by the Erlangen-Angio Tool. A statistical analysis yielded impaired VD in patients with LC compared to the controls, which was accentuated in female persons. A significant decrease in macula and peripapillary VD for AAbs targeting adrenergic ß2-receptor, MAS-receptor angiotensin-II-type-1 receptor, and adrenergic α1-receptor were observed. The present study might suggest that a seropositivity of GPCR-AAbs can be linked to an impaired retinal capillary microcirculation, potentially mirroring the systemic microcirculation with consecutive clinical symptoms.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Adrenergic Agents , Autoantibodies , COVID-19/complications , Female , Humans , Microcirculation , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Retinal Vessels , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, Optical Coherence
9.
Angiogenesis ; 25(4): 503-515, 2022 11.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1899208

Реферат

AIMS: Although coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and bacterial sepsis are distinct conditions, both are known to trigger endothelial dysfunction with corresponding microcirculatory impairment. The purpose of this study was to compare microvascular injury patterns and proteomic signatures in COVID-19 and bacterial sepsis patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multi-center, observational study included 22 hospitalized adult COVID-19 patients, 43 hospitalized bacterial sepsis patients, and 10 healthy controls from 4 hospitals. Microcirculation and glycocalyx dimensions were quantified via intravital sublingual microscopy. Plasma proteins were measured using targeted proteomics (Olink). Coregulation and cluster analysis of plasma proteins was performed using a training-set and confirmed in a test-set. An independent external cohort of 219 COVID-19 patients was used for validation and outcome analysis. Microcirculation and plasma proteome analysis found substantial overlap between COVID-19 and bacterial sepsis. Severity, but not disease entity explained most data variation. Unsupervised correlation analysis identified two main coregulated plasma protein signatures in both diseases that strictly counteract each other. They were associated with microvascular dysfunction and several established markers of clinical severity. The signatures were used to derive new composite biomarkers of microvascular injury that allow to predict 28-day mortality or/and intubation (area under the curve 0.90, p < 0.0001) in COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Our data imply a common biological host response of microvascular injury in both bacterial sepsis and COVID-19. A distinct plasma signature correlates with endothelial health and improved outcomes, while a counteracting response is associated with glycocalyx breakdown and high mortality. Microvascular health biomarkers are powerful predictors of clinical outcomes.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Sepsis , Adult , Biomarkers/metabolism , Humans , Microcirculation , Proteome , Proteomics
10.
Anesthesiology ; 137(1): 67-78, 2022 07 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1891065

Реферат

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 causes hypercoagulability, but the association between coagulopathy and hypoxemia in critically ill patients has not been thoroughly explored. This study hypothesized that severity of coagulopathy would be associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome severity, major thrombotic events, and mortality in patients requiring intensive care unit-level care. METHODS: Viscoelastic testing by rotational thromboelastometry and coagulation factor biomarker analyses were performed in this prospective observational cohort study of critically ill COVID-19 patients from April 2020 to October 2020. Statistical analyses were performed to identify significant coagulopathic biomarkers such as fibrinolysis-inhibiting plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 and their associations with clinical outcomes such as mortality, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation requirement, occurrence of major thrombotic events, and severity of hypoxemia (arterial partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen categorized into mild, moderate, and severe per the Berlin criteria). RESULTS: In total, 53 of 55 (96%) of the cohort required mechanical ventilation and 9 of 55 (16%) required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-naïve patients demonstrated lysis indices at 30 min indicative of fibrinolytic suppression on rotational thromboelastometry. Survivors demonstrated fewer procoagulate acute phase reactants, such as microparticle-bound tissue factor levels (odds ratio, 0.14 [0.02, 0.99]; P = 0.049). Those who did not experience significant bleeding events had smaller changes in ADAMTS13 levels compared to those who did (odds ratio, 0.05 [0, 0.7]; P = 0.026). Elevations in plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (odds ratio, 1.95 [1.21, 3.14]; P = 0.006), d-dimer (odds ratio, 3.52 [0.99, 12.48]; P = 0.05), and factor VIII (no clot, 1.15 ± 0.28 vs. clot, 1.42 ± 0.31; P = 0.003) were also demonstrated in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-naïve patients who experienced major thrombotic events. Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 levels were significantly elevated during periods of severe compared to mild and moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (severe, 44.2 ± 14.9 ng/ml vs. mild, 31.8 ± 14.7 ng/ml and moderate, 33.1 ± 15.9 ng/ml; P = 0.029 and 0.039, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Increased inflammatory and procoagulant markers such as plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, microparticle-bound tissue factor, and von Willebrand factor levels are associated with severe hypoxemia and major thrombotic events, implicating fibrinolytic suppression in the microcirculatory system and subsequent micro- and macrovascular thrombosis in severe COVID-19.


Тема - темы
Blood Coagulation Disorders , COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Thrombophilia , Thrombosis , Blood Coagulation Disorders/complications , COVID-19/complications , Critical Illness , Fibrinolysis , Humans , Hypoxia/complications , Microcirculation , Oxygen , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Thrombophilia/complications , Thromboplastin
11.
Diabetes Metab ; 48(4): 101359, 2022 07.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1867036

Реферат

Since the outbreak of Covid-19, several observational studies on diabetes and Covid-19 have reported a favourable association between metformin and Covid-19-related outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This is not surprising since metformin affects many of the pathophysiological mechanisms implicated in SARS-CoV-2 immune response, systemic spread and sequelae. A comparison of the multifactorial pathophysiological mechanisms of Covid-19 progression with metformin's well-known pleiotropic properties suggests that the treatment of patients with this drug might be particularly beneficial. Indeed, metformin could alleviate the cytokine storm, diminish virus entry into cells, protect against microvascular damage as well as prevent secondary fibrosis. Although our in-depth analysis covers many potential metformin mechanisms of action, we want to highlight more particularly its unique microcirculatory protective effects since worsening of Covid-19 disease clearly appears as largely due to severe defects in the structure and functioning of microvessels. Overall, these observations confirm that metformin is a unique, pleiotropic drug that targets many of Covid-19's pathophysiology processes in a diabetes-independent manner.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Metformin , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Humans , Metformin/therapeutic use , Microcirculation , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med ; 12(10)2022 10 03.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1831593

Реферат

COVID-19 has been associated with a range of illness severity-from minimal symptoms to life-threatening multisystem organ failure. The severe forms of COVID-19 appear to be associated with an angiocentric or vascular phase of the disease. In studying autopsy patients succumbing to COVID-19, we found alveolar capillary microthrombi were 9 times more common in COVID-19 than in comparable patients with influenza. Corrosion casting of the COVID-19 microcirculation has revealed microvascular distortion, enhanced bronchial circulation, and striking increases in intussusceptive angiogenesis. In patients with severe COVID-19, endothelial cells commonly demonstrate significant ultrastructural injury. High-resolution imaging suggests that microcirculation perturbations are linked to ischemic changes in microanatomic compartments of the lung (secondary lobules). NanoString profiling of these regions has confirmed a transcriptional signature compatible with microischemia. We conclude that irreversible tissue ischemia provides an explanation for the cystic and fibrotic changes associated with long-haul COVID-19 symptoms.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Endothelial Cells , Ischemia , Microcirculation , Neovascularization, Pathologic , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19/physiopathology , Corrosion Casting , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Endothelial Cells/ultrastructure , Humans , Ischemia/complications , Neovascularization, Pathologic/complications
13.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e059383, 2022 04 26.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1816767

Реферат

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 induces venous, arterial and microvascular thrombosis, involving several pathophysiological processes. In patients with severe COVID-19 without macrovascular thrombosis, escalating into high-dose prophylactic anticoagulation (HD-PA) or therapeutic anticoagulation (TA) could be beneficial in limiting the extension of microvascular thrombosis and forestalling the evolution of lung and multiorgan microcirculatory dysfunction. In the absence of data from randomised trials, clinical practice varies widely. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a French multicentre, parallel-group, open-label, randomised controlled superiority trial to compare the efficacy and safety of three anticoagulation strategies in patients with COVID-19. Patients with oxygen-treated COVID-19 showing no pulmonary artery thrombosis on computed tomography with pulmonary angiogram will be randomised to receive either low-dose PA, HD-PA or TA for 14 days. Patients attaining the extremes of weight and those with severe renal failure will not be included. We will recruit 353 patients. Patients will be randomised on a 1:1:1 basis, and stratified by centre, use of invasive mechanical ventilation, D-dimer levels and body mass index. The primary endpoint is a hierarchical criterion at day 28 including all-cause mortality, followed by the time to clinical improvement defined as the time from randomisation to an improvement of at least two points on the ordinal clinical scale. Secondary outcomes include thrombotic and major bleeding events at day 28, individual components of the primary endpoint, number of oxygen-free, ventilator-free and vasopressor-free days at day 28, D-dimer and sepsis-induced coagulopathy score at day 7, intensive care unit and hospital stay at day 28 and day 90, and all-cause death and quality of life at day 90. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by an ethical committee (Ethics Committee, Ile de France VII, Paris, France; reference 2020-A03531-38). Patients will be included after obtaining their signed informed consent. The results will be submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04808882.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation , Humans , Microcirculation , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
14.
Microcirculation ; 29(4-5): e12757, 2022 Jul.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1794606

Реферат

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Microvascular disease is considered as one of the main drivers of morbidity and mortality in severe COVID-19, and microvascular dysfunction has been demonstrated in the subcutaneous and sublingual tissues in COVID-19 patients. The presence of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) has also been hypothesized, but direct evidence demonstrating CMD in COVID-19 patients is missing. In the present study, we aimed to investigate CMD in patients hospitalized with COVID-19, and to understand whether there is a relationship between biomarkers of myocardial injury, myocardial strain and inflammation and CMD. METHODS: 39 patients that were hospitalized with COVID-19 and 40 control subjects were included to the present study. Biomarkers for myocardial injury, myocardial strain, inflammation, and fibrin turnover were obtained at admission. A comprehensive echocardiographic examination, including measurement of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR), was done after the patient was stabilized. RESULTS: Patients with COVID-19 infection had a significantly lower hyperemic coronary flow velocity, resulting in a significantly lower CFVR (2.0 ± 0.3 vs. 2.4 ± 0.5, p < .001). Patients with severe COVID-19 had a lower CFVR compared to those with moderate COVID-19 (1.8 ± 0.2 vs. 2.2 ± 0.2, p < .001) driven by a trend toward higher basal flow velocity. CFVR correlated with troponin (p = .003, r: -.470), B-type natriuretic peptide (p < .001, r: -.580), C-reactive protein (p < .001, r: -.369), interleukin-6 (p < .001, r: -.597), and d-dimer (p < .001, r: -.561), with the three latter biomarkers having the highest areas-under-curve for predicting CMD. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary microvascular dysfunction is common in patients with COVID-19 and is related to the severity of the infection. CMD may also explain the "cryptic" myocardial injury seen in patients with severe COVID-19 infection.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Myocardial Ischemia , Biomarkers , Blood Flow Velocity , Coronary Circulation , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Inflammation , Microcirculation
15.
Kardiologiia ; 62(3): 82-88, 2022 Mar 31.
Статья в Русский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1789753

Реферат

This review focuses on the pathogenesis, most common clinical manifestations, and methods for diagnosis of damages to the cardiovascular system in coronavirus infection. The search for studies to be reviewed included publications of Elsevier, PubMed, and Web of Science resources by the key words "COVID-19", "myocarditis", "coronavirus", and "myocardial injury". The clinical presentation of coronavirus infection can include acute heart failure, myocardial injury, arrhythmias, pericarditis, venous thromboembolism, and microcirculatory dysfunction. Since symptoms of this pathology are non-specific, it is important to pay attention to monitoring of clinical laboratory and instrumental indexes for early differential diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. In all cases of parameter deviation from the normal range, cardiovascular complications of COVID-19 should be suspected. Measures should be taken for specifying the occurrence and severity of cardiac and/or vascular injury, and approaches should be developed for comprehensive treatment or prevention of these conditions.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cardiovascular System , Myocarditis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Humans , Microcirculation , Myocarditis/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Artif Intell Med ; 127: 102287, 2022 05.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1763580

Реферат

Capillaries are the smallest vessels in the body which are responsible for delivering oxygen and nutrients to surrounding cells. Various life-threatening diseases are known to alter the density of healthy capillaries and the flow velocity of erythrocytes within the capillaries. In previous studies, capillary density and flow velocity were manually assessed by trained specialists. However, manual analysis of a standard 20-s microvascular video requires 20 min on average and necessitates extensive training. Thus, manual analysis has been reported to hinder the application of microvascular microscopy in a clinical environment. To address this problem, this paper presents a fully automated state-of-the-art system to quantify skin nutritive capillary density and red blood cell velocity captured by handheld-based microscopy videos. The proposed method combines the speed of traditional computer vision algorithms with the accuracy of convolutional neural networks to enable clinical capillary analysis. The results show that the proposed system fully automates capillary detection with an accuracy exceeding that of trained analysts and measures several novel microvascular parameters that had eluded quantification thus far, namely, capillary hematocrit and intracapillary flow velocity heterogeneity. The proposed end-to-end system, named CapillaryNet, can detect capillaries at ~0.9 s per frame with ~93% accuracy. The system is currently used as a clinical research product in a larger e-health application to analyse capillary data captured from patients suffering from COVID-19, pancreatitis, and acute heart diseases. CapillaryNet narrows the gap between the analysis of microcirculation images in a clinical environment and state-of-the-art systems.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Capillaries , Capillaries/diagnostic imaging , Erythrocytes , Humans , Microcirculation , Microscopy
17.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 1630918, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1714452

Реферат

BACKGROUND: The impairment of microcirculation is associated with the unfavorable outcome for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) patients. Studies revealed that pulsatile modification improves hemodynamics and attenuates inflammation during ECMO support. However, whether flow pattern impacts microcirculation and endothelial integrity is rarely documented. The objective of this work was to explore how pulsatility affects microcirculation during ECMO. METHODS: Canine animal models with cardiac arrest were supported by ECMO, with the i-Cor system used to generate nonpulsatile or pulsatile flow. The sublingual microcirculation parameters were examined using the CytoCam microscope system. The expression of hsa_circ_0007367, a circular RNA, was measured during ECMO support. In vitro validation was performed in pulmonary vascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) exposed to pulsatile or nonpulsatile flow, and the expressions of hsa_circ_0007367, endothelial tight junction markers, endothelial adhesive molecules, endothelial nitric oxide synthases (eNOS), and NF-κB signaling activity were analyzed. RESULTS: The pulsatile modification of ECMO enhanced microcirculatory perfusion, attenuated pulmonary inflammation, and stabilized endothelial integrity in animal models; meanwhile, the expression of hsa_circ_0007367 was significantly upregulated both in animals and PMVECs exposed to pulsatile flow. In particular, upregulation of hsa_circ_0007367 stabilized the expressions of endothelial tight junction markers zonula occludens- (ZO-) 1 and occludin, followed by modulating the endothelial nitric oxide synthases (eNOS) activity and inhibiting the NF-κB signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: The modification of pulsatility contributes to microcirculatory perfusion and endothelial integrity during ECMO. The expression of hsa_circ_0007367 plays a pivotal role in this protective mechanism.


Тема - темы
Cell-Free Nucleic Acids/genetics , Endothelial Cells/physiology , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Heart Arrest/therapy , Animals , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Dogs , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Heart Arrest/genetics , Heart Arrest/pathology , Heart Arrest/physiopathology , Inflammation , Lung/blood supply , Lung/pathology , Microcirculation , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Occludin/genetics , Occludin/metabolism , Pulsatile Flow , Rats , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein/genetics , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein/metabolism
18.
Microcirculation ; 29(3): e12749, 2022 04.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1701980

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been found to be associated with encephalopathy and brain imaging abnormalities. The identification of incident white matter lesions, known to be associated with cerebral microcirculatory failure and cerebrovascular disease, in COVID-19 patients is of clinical and scientific interest. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the incidence of white matter lesions (WMLs) in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies on brain imaging abnormalities in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. The terms used included "white matter lesions," "white matter hyperintensity," "COVID-19," "coronavirus," and "SARS-CoV-2." A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted to obtain a pooled estimate of WML prevalence in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: A total of 4 eligible studies involving 362 patients (144 with WMLs and 218 without) were included in the meta-analysis. We found the pooled estimate of WML prevalence to be 20% (ES 0.20; 95% CI 0.00-0.54; p = .03). CONCLUSIONS: The estimated pooled prevalence rate of WMLs was approximately 20% in hospitalized COVID-19 patients, albeit lower than the crude prevalence rate (39.8%).


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , White Matter , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Microcirculation , SARS-CoV-2 , White Matter/diagnostic imaging
19.
Microcirculation ; 29(3): e12750, 2022 04.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1697657

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-c) is associated with severe cardiovascular impairment and eventually death. Pathophysiological mechanisms involved in myocardial injury were scarcely investigated, and cardiovascular outcomes are uncertain. Autopsy studies suggested that microvascular dysfunction may be relevant to LV impairment. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate segmental LV longitudinal strain by 2DST echocardiography and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) by 13 N-ammonia PET-CT, in six surviving MIS-c patients. METHODS: Each patient generated 34 LV segments for combined 2DST and MRF analysis. MFR was considered abnormal when <2, borderline when between 2 and 2.5 and normal when >2.5. RESULTS: From July 2020 to February 2021, six patients were admitted with MIS-c: three males, aged 9.3 (6.6-15.7) years. Time from admission to the follow-up visit was 6.05 (2-10.3) months. Although all patients were asymptomatic and LV EF was ≥55%, 43/102 (42.1%) LV segments showed MFR <2.5. There was a modest positive correlation between segmental peak systolic longitudinal strain and MFR: r = .36, p = .03 for basal segments; r = .41, p = .022 for mid segments; r = .42, p = .021 for apical segments. Median peak systolic longitudinal strain was different among MRF categories: 18% (12%-24%) for abnormal, 18.5% (11%-35%) for borderline, and 21% (12%-32%) for normal MFR (p = .006). CONCLUSION: We provided preliminary evidence that surviving MIS-c patients may present subclinical impairment of myocardial microcirculation. Segmental cardiac strain assessment 2DST seems useful for MIS-c cardiovascular follow-up, given its good correlation with 13 N-ammonia PET-CT derived MFR.


Тема - темы
Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Ammonia , Child , Echocardiography/methods , Humans , Male , Microcirculation , Myocardium , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging
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