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1.
Turk J Med Sci ; 52(2): 445-455, 2022 Apr.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2101116

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is still a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among cardiovascular diseases. ENDOCARDITIS-TR study aims to evaluate the compliance of the diagnostic and therapeutic methods being used in Turkey with current guidelines. METHODS: The ENDOCARDITIS-TR trial is a multicentre, prospective, observational study consisting of patients admitted to tertiary centres with a definite diagnose of IE. In addition to the demographic, clinical, microbiological, and echocardiographic findings of the patients, adverse events, indications for surgery, and in-hospital mortality were recorded during a 2-year time interval. RESULTS: A total of 208 IE patients from 7 tertiary centres in Turkey were enrolled in the study. The study population included 125 (60.1%) native valve IE (NVE), 65 (31.3%) prosthetic IE (PVIE), and 18 (8.7%) intracardiac device-related IE (CDRIE). One hundred thirty-five patients (64.9%) were culture positive, and the most frequent pathogenic agent was methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) (18.3%). Among 155 (74.5%) patients with an indication for surgery, only 87 (56.1%) patients underwent surgery. The all-cause mortality rate was 29.3% in-hospital follow-up. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that absence of surgery when indicated (HR: 3.29 95% CI: 0.93-11.64 p = 0.05), albumin level at admission (HR: 0.46 95% CI: 0.29-0.73 P < 0.01), abscess formation (HR: 2.11 95% CI: 1.01-4.38 p = 0.04) and systemic embolism (HR: 1.78 95% CI: 1.05-3.02 p = 0.03) were ascertained independent predictors of in-hospital all-cause mortality. DISCUSSION: The short-term results of the ENDOCARDITIS-TR trial showed the high frequency of staphylococcal IE, relatively high in-hospital mortality rates, shortage of surgical treatment despite guideline-based surgical indications and low usage of novel imaging techniques. The results of this study will provide a better insight to physicians in respect to their adherence to clinical practice guidelines.


Тема - темы
Endocarditis, Bacterial , Endocarditis , Albumins , Endocarditis/diagnosis , Endocarditis/microbiology , Endocarditis/therapy , Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnosis , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Endocarditis, Bacterial/therapy , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Methicillin , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Turkey/epidemiology
2.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 67(10): 561-569, 2022 Oct 14.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2101091

Реферат

The study of the characteristics and dynamics of laboratory biomarkers in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) with type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent COVID-19-associated pneumonia is of great clinical importance for preventing the risk of adverse events. IN the study we used data from 65 patients in the present work. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group 1 included patients with CVD: arterial hypertension (AH) in combination with coronary artery disease (CAD) without DM2 (n=45), group 2 included patients with CVD and DM2 (n=20). Patients were examined at baseline in the infectious disease hospital and 3 months after discharge. During laboratory examination of blood biosamples we evaluated parameters of general blood test; biochemical and immunologicai parameters; elastic properties of the vascular wall. The analyzed leukocyte parameters and their index coefficients - increase in NLR ratio (neutrophils/lymphocytes) and decrease in LYM/CRP ratio (lymphocytes/CRP) were more significantly changed in DM2 group. Patients in both groups had a significant excess of baseline max CRP concentrations with decrease in parameters after 3 months, but with persistent excess values in group 2. Three months after discharge patients with DM2 had levels of hs-CRP, IL-1ß and TNFa and NT-proBNP, that exceeded both the reference values and those in group 1, which reflected the presence of more pronounced vascular inflammatory potential for possible adverse events in this group of patients in post-COVID period. The method of multiple regression showed that DM2 is an independent risk factor for increased stiffness of the vascular wall. Thus, dynamic control of laboratory parameters has prognostic value in assessing the nature of the course of COVID-19 associated pneumonia in patients with CVD and DM2 developing an algorithm for personalized monitoring of patients in the post-COVID period with the aim of timely prevention of unwanted vascular complications.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Prospective Studies , COVID-19/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Biomarkers
3.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 23(6): 2049-2055, 2022 Jun 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100937

Реферат

BACKGROUND: The BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine has been administered to children and adolescents with cancer and hematologic diseases since they are at high risk of manifesting severe symptoms if they have COVID-19 infection but the adequate immune response after vaccination in these immunocompromised patients are questionable. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immune response of children and adolescents with cancer and hematologic diseases after receiving 2 doses of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with cancer and hematologic disease, who aged 12- 18 years old and received 2 doses the BNT162b2 vaccines at 4 weeks apart were enrolled. Immunogenicity was determined by measuring serum anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin antibodies directed against the receptor binding domain (RBD) of S1 domain of the spike protein (Anti S-RBD), surrogated viral neutralization test (sVNT) of SARS-CoV-2 and Delta strain. Blood samples were collected and analyzed at 4 and 12 weeks after vaccination. The seroprotective rate was defined as sVNT ≥ 68%. RESULTS: From Oct 2021 to Jan 2022, 43 children were enrolled, 21 were on-therapy and 22 were off-therapy. 25 were hematologic malignancy, 15 solid tumor and 3 hematologic diseases with immunosuppressive drugs. The GMT (95%CI) of a anti S-RBD IgG level at 4 weeks after vaccination were 56.05 (13.2,238.2) and 3633 (2689,4908) BAU/mL in on-therapy and off-therapy group, respectively, p<0.001. The sVNT (95%CI) of delta strain were 26% (5.85-73.55%) and 97.05% (96.0-97.4%) as the seroprotective level which were 33.3% in on-therapy group and 100% in off-therapy group (p<0.001). 14 children in on-therapy group need an additional dose. CONCLUSION: After complete vaccination, the seroprotective rate and antibody level in pediatric and adolescent patients with cancer and hematologic disease who receive immunosuppressive agents are quite low, compared with patients who had complete treatment. Additional dose of primary series should be offered.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Hematologic Diseases , Neoplasms , Viral Vaccines , Adolescent , Antibodies, Viral , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , Child , Humans , Immunity , Neoplasms/therapy , Prospective Studies , RNA, Messenger , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Viral Vaccines/genetics
4.
Rev Invest Clin ; 74(5): 268-275, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100851

Реферат

Background: Prognostic factors in previously healthy young patients with COVID-19 remained understudied. Objectives: The objective of the study was to identify factors associated with in-hospital death or need for invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) in young (aged ≤ 65 years) and previously healthy patients with COVID-19. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study that included patients admitted with COVID-19. The primary outcome was in-hospital death/need for IMV. Secondary outcomes included need for IMV during follow-up, days on IMV, length of stay (LOS), hospital-acquired pneumonia/ventilator-associated pneumonia (HAP/VAP), and pulmonary embolism (PE). Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results: Among 92 patients, primary outcome occurred in 16 (17%), death in 12 (13%), need for IMV in 16 (17%), HAP/VAP in 7 (8%), and PE in 2 (2%). Median LOS and IMV duration were 7 and 12 days, respectively. Independent associations were found between the primary outcome and male sex (Adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 7.1, 95%CI 1.1-46.0, p < 0.05), D-dimer levels > 1000ng/mL (aOR 9.0, 95%CI 1.6-49.1, p < 0.05), and RT-PCR Ct-value ≤ 24 on initial swab samples (aOR 14.3, 95%CI 2.0-101.5, p < 0.01). Conclusions: In young and non-comorbid COVID-19 patients, male sex, higher levels of D-dimer, and low SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR Ct-value on an initial nasopharyngeal swab were independently associated with increased in-hospital mortality or need for IMV. (Rev Invest Clin. 2022;74(5):268-75).


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Humans , Male , COVID-19/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Hospital Mortality , Prospective Studies , Respiration, Artificial
5.
In Vivo ; 36(6): 2780-2789, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100679

Реферат

BACKGROUND/AIM: To prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of the BNT162b2 vaccine in solid cancer patients undergoing systemic chemotherapy (n=63). PATIENTS AND METHODS: COVID-19 anti-spike protein antibody levels were measured before the first BNT162b2 vaccination, just before the second BNT162b2 vaccination, one month after the second BNT162b2 vaccination, and 3 months after the second BNT162b2 vaccination. Anti-spike protein antibody seropositivity was set at ≥0.8 U/ml. RESULTS: Colorectal cancer was the most commonly observed primary disease (36.5%). ECOG-PS 0 was observed in the majority (52.4%) of patients. The overall response rate and the median (range) anti-spike protein antibody levels in the whole cohort at 3 months after the second BNT162b2 vaccination were 98.4% (62/63) and 206 (0.4-3,813) U/ml. None of the patients required postponement or discontinuation of systemic chemotherapy because of an adverse reaction. CONCLUSION: The BNT162b vaccine in solid cancer patients undergoing systemic chemotherapy is effective and safe.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Neoplasms , Vaccines , Humans , Prospective Studies , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/prevention & control , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Vaccines/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Viral
6.
Acta Med Acad ; 51(2): 134-146, 2022 Aug.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2093996

Реферат

Herein, we present a bird's eye view of common observational study designs utilized for measurement of vaccine effectiveness. Assessing vaccines effectiveness is an integral part of vaccine research, particularly for the newly developed vaccines. A cohort study is prospective, directing from an exposure to one or more outcomes. The design is the best method to ascertain the attack rate of an infectious disease. A traditional case-control study is retrospective, directing from a given outcome to one or more exposures. The design cannot provide the relative risk, but it can provide the odds ratio, which is a good estimation of the relative risk when the attack rate is low. Critically depending on laboratory test results and performance, the test-negative case-control study design is another type of observational study commonly used nowadays for the evaluation of the vaccine effectiveness. Comparing to cohort and traditional case-control designs, conducting a test-negative case-control study is relatively cheaper and faster. Herein, we describe each of the above-mentioned study designs through examples generated by a Monte-Carlo simulation program assuming real-world conditions. CONCLUSION: The simulation shows that regardless of the study design employed, the diagnostic test specificity is of utmost importance in providing a valid estimate of the vaccine effectiveness.


Тема - темы
Vaccine Efficacy , Vaccines , Humans , Case-Control Studies , Cohort Studies , Retrospective Studies , Prospective Studies
7.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 28(1): 80, 2020 Aug 14.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098373

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Rapid access to emergency medical communication centers (EMCCs) is pivotal to address potentially life-threatening conditions. Maintaining public access to EMCCs without delay is crucial in case of disease outbreak despite the significant increased activity and the difficulties to mobilize extra staff resources. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of two-level filtering on EMCC performance during the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: A before-after monocentric prospective study was conducted at the EMCC at the Nantes University Hospital. Using telephone activity data, we compared EMCC performance during 2 periods. In period one (February 27th to March 11th 2020), call takers managed calls as usual, gathering basic information from the caller and giving first aid instructions to a bystander on scene if needed. During period two (March 12th to March 25th 2020), calls were answered by a first-line call taker to identify potentially serious conditions that required immediate dispatch. When a serious condition was excluded, the call was immediately transferred to a second-line call taker who managed the call as usual so the first-line call taker could be rapidly available for other incoming calls. The primary outcome was the quality of service at 20 s (QS20), corresponding to the rate of calls answered within 20 s. We described activity and outcome measures by hourly range. We compared EMCC performance during periods one and two using an interrupted time series analysis. RESULTS: We analyzed 45,451 incoming calls during the two study periods: 21,435 during period 1 and 24,016 during period 2. Between the two study periods, we observed a significant increase in the number of incoming calls per hour, the number of connected call takers and average call duration. A linear regression model, adjusted for these confounding variables, showed a significant increase in the QS20 slope (from - 0.4 to 1.4%, p = 0.01), highlighting the significant impact of two-level filtering on the quality of service. CONCLUSIONS: We found that rapid access to our EMCC was maintained during the COVID-19 pandemic via two-level filtering. This system helped reduce the time gap between call placement and first-line call-taker evaluation of a potentially life-threatening situation. We suggest implementing this system when an EMCC faces significantly increased activity with limited staff resources.


Тема - темы
Betacoronavirus , Communication , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Service Communication Systems/organization & administration , Emergency Medical Services/methods , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Triage/methods , COVID-19 , Controlled Before-After Studies , Humans , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Telephone
8.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 335, 2022 10 31.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098416

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Early public-access defibrillation (PAD) effectively improves the outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA), but several strategies implemented to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) could decrease the availability of PAD and worsen outcomes after OHCA. Previous studies have reported conflicting findings, and there is a paucity of nationwide observations. This study aims to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on PAD and OHCA outcomes using a nationwide OHCA registry in Japan, where PAD is well-documented. METHODS: This secondary analysis of the All-Japan Utstein Registry, a prospective population-based nationwide registry of OHCA patients, included patients aged ≥ 18 years with bystander-witnessed OHCA and an initial shockable rhythm who were transported to medical facilities between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2020. The analytical parameters of this study were the proportion of patients who underwent PAD and patients with one-month survival with favorable neurological outcomes, defined as a cerebral performance category score of 1 or 2. We compared the data between 2019 and 2020 using a multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: During the study period, 1,930,273 OHCA patients were registered; of these, 78,302 were eligible for the analysis. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the proportion of OHCA patients who underwent PAD and demonstrated favorable neurological outcomes increased gradually from 2005 to 2019 (P for trend < 0.001). The proportion of patient who had PAD were 17.7% (876/4959) in 2019 and 15.1% (735/4869) in 2020, respectively. The proportion of patient who displayed favorable neurological outcomes were 25.1% (1245/4959) in 2019 and 22.8% (1109/4869) in 2020, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, a significant reduction in the proportion of PAD was observed compared to that in 2019 (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76-0.97), while no significant reduction was observed in favorable neurological outcomes (AOR, 0.97; 95% CI 0.87-1.07). CONCLUSION: The proportion of PAD clearly decreased in 2020, probably due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. In contrast, no significant reduction was observed in favorable neurological outcomes.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Emergency Medical Services , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest , Humans , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/epidemiology , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/therapy , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/complications , Defibrillators , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Prospective Studies , Pandemics , Japan/epidemiology , Electric Countershock , Registries
9.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 297, 2022 Oct 31.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098346

Реферат

BACKGROUND: Routine follow-up of patients hospitalised with COVID-19 is recommended, however due to the ongoing high number of infections this is not without significant health resource and economic burden. In a previous study we investigated the prevalence of, and risk factors for, persistent chest radiograph (CXR) abnormalities post-hospitalisation with COVID-19 and identified a 5-point composite score that strongly predicted risk of persistent CXR abnormality at 12-weeks. Here we sought to validate and refine our findings in an independent cohort of patients. METHODOLOGY: A single-centre prospective study of consecutive patients attending a virtual post-hospitalisation COVID-19 clinic and CXR as part of their standard clinical care between 2nd March - 22nd June 2021. Inpatient and follow-up CXRs were scored by the assessing clinician for extent of pulmonary infiltrates (0-4 in each lung) with complete resolution defined as a follow-up score of zero. RESULTS: 182 consecutive patients were identified of which 31% had persistent CXR abnormality at 12-weeks. Patients with persistent CXR abnormality were significantly older (p < 0.001), had a longer hospital length of stay (p = 0.005), and had a higher incidence of both level 2 or 3 facility admission (level 2/3 care) (p = 0.003) and ever-smoking history (p = 0.038). Testing our composite score in the present cohort we found it predicted persistent CXR abnormality with reasonable accuracy (area under the receiver operator curve [AUROC 0.64]). Refining this score replacing obesity with Age ≥ 50 years, we identify the SHADE-750 score (1-point each for; Smoking history, Higher-level care (level 2/3 admission), Age ≥ 50 years, Duration of admission ≥ 15 days and Enzyme-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH ≥ 750U/L), that accurately predicted risk of persistent CXR abnormality, both in the present cohort (AUROC 0.73) and when retrospectively applied to our 1st cohort (AUROC 0.79). Applied to both cohorts combined (n = 213) it again performed strongly (AUROC 0.75) with all patients with a score of zero (n = 18) having complete CXR resolution at 12-weeks. CONCLUSIONS: In two independent cohorts of patients hospitalised with COVID-19, we identify a 5-point score which accurately predicts patients at risk of persistent CXR abnormality at 12-weeks. This tool could be used by clinicians to identify patients in which radiological follow-up may not be required.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Humans , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , Prospective Studies , Radiography, Thoracic , Hospitalization , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Risk Factors , Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 810, 2022 Oct 31.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098319

Реферат

BACKGROUND: There is limited information to compare the qualitative and semi-quantitative performance of rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) and serology for the assessment of antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Therefore, the objective of the study was (a) to compare the efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 antibody detection between RDT and laboratory serology, trying to identify appropriate semi-quantitative cut-offs for RDT in relation with quantitative serology values and to (b) evaluate diagnostic accuracy of RDT compared to the NAAT gold standard in an unselected adult population. METHODS: SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were simultaneously measured with lateral flow immunochromatographic assays (LFA), the Cellex qSARS-CoV-2 IgG/IgM Rapid Test (by capillary blood), the iFlash-SARS-CoV-2 IgG/IgM chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) (by venous blood) and the nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) in samples from in- and out-patients with confirmed, suspected and negative diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) attending Udine Hospital (Italy) (March-May 2020). Interpretation of RDT was qualitative (positive/negative) and semi-quantitative based on a chromatographic intensity scale (negative, weak positive, positive). RESULTS: Overall, 720 paired antibody measures were performed on 858 patients. The qualitative and semiquantitative agreement analysis performed in the whole sample between LFA and CLIA provided a Kendall's tau of 0.578 (p < 0.001) and of 0.623 (p < 0.001), respectively, for IgM and IgG. In patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19, accordance between LFA and CLIA was maintained as a function of time from the onset of COVID-19 disease and the severity of disease both for qualitative and semi-quantitative assessments. RDT compared to the NAAT gold standard in 858 patients showed 78.5% sensitivity (95% CI 75.1%-81.7%) and 94.1% specificity (95% CI 90.4%-96.8%), with variable accordance depending on the timing from symptom onset. CONCLUSION: The RDT used in our study can be a non-invasive and reliable alternative to serological tests and facilitate both qualitative and a semi-quantitative antibody detection in COVID-19.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Humans , COVID-19/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Immunoglobulin M , Sensitivity and Specificity , Antibodies, Viral , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoassay/methods
11.
J Int Med Res ; 50(11): 3000605221135446, 2022 Nov.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098199

Реферат

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and significance of ventilator avoidance in patients with critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study evaluated hospital mortality and 1-year functional outcome among critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The explanatory variable was ventilator avoidance, modeled as 'initial refusal' of intubation (yes/no). Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores were obtained from surviving patients (or their surrogates) via phone or email questionnaire. RESULTS: Among patients for whom intubation was recommended (n = 102), 40 (39%) initially refused (95% confidence interval [CI] 30%, 49%). The risk of death was 79.3% (49/62) in those who did not initially refuse intubation compared with 77.5% (31/40) in those who initially refused, with an adjusted odds ratio for death of 1.27 (95% CI 0.47, 3.48). The distribution of 1-year mRS scores was not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSION: Among critically ill patients with COVID-19-associated ARDS, ventilator avoidance was common, but was not associated with increased in-hospital mortality or 1-year functional outcome.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Critical Illness , Prospective Studies , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Ventilators, Mechanical
12.
RMD Open ; 8(2)2022 11.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098012

Реферат

OBJECTIVES: Humoral vaccine responses to SARS-CoV-2 vaccines are impaired and short lasting in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) following two vaccine doses. To protect these vulnerable patients against severe COVID-19 disease, a three-dose primary vaccination strategy has been implemented in many countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate humoral response and safety of primary vaccination with three doses in patients with IMID. METHODS: Patients with IMID on immunosuppressive therapy and healthy controls receiving three-dose and two-dose primary SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, respectively, were included in this prospective observational cohort study. Anti-Spike antibodies were assessed 2-4 weeks, and 12 weeks following each dose. The main outcome was anti-Spike antibody levels 2-4 weeks following three doses in patients with IMID and two doses in controls. Additional outcomes were the antibody decline rate and adverse events. RESULTS: 1100 patients and 303 controls were included. Following three-dose vaccination, patients achieved median (IQR) antibody levels of 5720 BAU/mL (2138-8732) compared with 4495 (1591-6639) in controls receiving two doses, p=0.27. Anti-Spike antibody levels increased with median 1932 BAU/mL (IQR 150-4978) after the third dose. The interval between the vaccine doses and vaccination with mRNA-1273 or a combination of vaccines were associated with antibody levels following the third dose. Antibody levels had a slower decline-rate following the third than the second vaccine dose, p<0.001. Adverse events were reported by 464 (47%) patients and by 196 (78%) controls. Disease flares were reported by 70 (7%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that additional vaccine doses to patients with IMID contribute to strong and sustained immune-responses comparable to healthy persons vaccinated twice, and supports repeated vaccination of patients with IMID. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04798625.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Immunosuppression Therapy , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Viral Vaccines/adverse effects
13.
RMD Open ; 8(2)2022 11.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098011

Реферат

OBJECTIVES: To assess the tolerance and efficacy of targeted therapies prescribed off-label in refractory low-prevalence autoimmune and inflammatory systemic diseases. METHODS: The TATA registry (TArgeted Therapy in Autoimmune Diseases) is a prospective, observational, national and independent cohort follow-up. The inclusion criteria in the registry are as follows: age >18 years; low-prevalence autoimmune and inflammatory systemic disease treated with off-label drugs started after 1 January 2019. RESULTS: Hundred (100) patients (79 women) were enrolled. The median age was 52.5 years (95% CI 49 to 56) and the median disease duration before enrolment was 5 years (3 to 7). The targeted therapies at enrolment were as follows: Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription inhibitors (44%), anti-interleukin (IL)-6R (22%), anti-IL-12/23, anti-IL-23 and anti-IL-17 (9%), anti-B cell activating factor of the tumour necrosis factor family (5%), abatacept (5%), other targeted treatments (9%) and combination of targeted treatments (6%). 73% of patients were receiving corticosteroid therapy at enrolment (median dose 10 mg/day). The current median follow-up time is 9 months (8 to 10).Safety: 11 serious infections (incidence rate of 14.8/100 patient-years) and 1 cancer (1.3 cancers/100 patient-years) were observed. Two patients died from severe COVID-19 (2.7 deaths/100 patient-years).Efficacy: the targeted treatment was considered effective by the clinician in 56% of patients and allowed, in responders, a median reduction of oral corticosteroids of 15 (9 to 21) mg/day, below 7.5 mg/day in 76% of patients, while 28% discontinued. CONCLUSION: These initial results of the TATA registry confirm the diversity of targeted treatments prescribed off-label in refractory autoimmune diseases and their corticosteroid-sparing effect when effective. Tolerance was acceptable in these refractory patients with a long history of treatment with immunosuppressive drugs.


Тема - темы
Autoimmune Diseases , COVID-19 , Adolescent , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Interleukin-23 , Off-Label Use , Prospective Studies , Registries
14.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 75(5): 595-600, 2022 Nov 01.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097522

Реферат

OBJECTIVES: The aims of our study were to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children affected by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during the first wave of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and after 12 months. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, observational study conducted between April 2020 and April 2021. Children from 10 to 18 years with a confirmed diagnosis of IBD were enrolled during the first COVID-19-related national quarantine. The following information was collected at the baseline and after 12 months: IBD subtype, location and phenotype, disease activity, current and previous therapies. Patients were asked to complete the PROMIS Anxiety and IMPACT III questionnaires. RESULTS: One hundred and eighteen patients were enrolled, of whom 54 (46%) were affected by Crohn disease (CD) and 64 (54%) with ulcerative colitis (UC; median age: 15.5 years, range 10.3-18; M/F: 68/50). Median HRQoL was significantly decreased after 12 months compared with the beginning of COVID-19-related quarantine (T1: 76.7 vs T2: 72.8; P < 0.001). At 12 months, a higher number of children were reported to be in active disease when compared with the enrollment [T2: 22/108 (20.4%) vs T1: 12/118 (10%); P = 0.02]. Multivariate analysis showed a significant influence on HRQoL of quarantine period ( P < 0.001), female sex ( P = 0.016), biologic therapy ( P = 0.011), and active disease ( P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A deterioration of HRQoL after 12 months from COVID-19-related quarantine was observed. Additionally, the higher number of children with active disease at 12 months compared with enrollment may suggest detrimental consequences of the reduced disease control, contributing to decreased HRQoL.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Colitis, Ulcerative , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Female , Humans , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Pandemics , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Colitis, Ulcerative/diagnosis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Chronic Disease
16.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 47(2): 214-221, 2021 02.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096090

Реферат

In this study, the utility of point-of-care lung ultrasound for clinical classification of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was prospectively assessed. Twenty-seven adult patients with COVID-19 underwent bedside lung ultrasonography (LUS) examinations three times each within the first 2 wk of admission to the isolation ward. We divided the 81 exams into three groups (moderate, severe and critically ill). Lung scores were calculated as the sum of points. A rank sum test and bivariate correlation analysis were carried out to determine the correlation between LUS on admission and clinical classification of COVID-19. There were dramatic differences in LUS (p < 0.001) among the three groups, and LUS scores (r = 0.754) correlated positively with clinical severity (p < 0.01). In addition, moderate, severe and critically ill patients were more likely to have low (≤9), medium (9-15) and high scores (≥15), respectively. This study provides stratification criteria of LUS scores to assist in quantitatively evaluating COVID-19 patients.


Тема - темы
COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Point-of-Care Systems , Ultrasonography/instrumentation , Ultrasonography/methods , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index
17.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; 41(9): 1066-1067, 2020 09.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096295

Реферат

With concerns for presymptomatic transmission of COVID-19 and increasing burden of contact tracing and employee furloughs, several hospitals have supplemented pre-existing infection prevention measures with universal masking of all personnel in hospitals. Other hospitals are currently faced with the dilemma of whether or not to proceed with universal masking in a time of critical mask shortages. We summarize the rationale behind a universal masking policy in healthcare settings, important considerations before implementing such a policy and the challenges with universal masking. We also discusses proposed solutions such as universal face shields.


Тема - темы
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , COVID-19 , Humans , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Stem Cell Transplantation
19.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604553, 2022.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089970

Реферат

Objective: To characterize the evolution of healthcare workers' mental health status over the 1-year period following the initial COVID-19 pandemic outbreak and to examine baseline characteristics associated with resolution or persistence of mental health problems over time. Methods: We conducted an 8-month follow-up cohort study. Eligible participants were healthcare workers working in Spain. Baseline data were collected during the initial pandemic outbreak. Survey-based self-reported measures included COVID-19-related exposures, sociodemographic characteristics, and three mental health outcomes (psychological distress, depression symptoms, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms). We examined three longitudinal trajectories in mental health outcomes between baseline and follow-up assessments (namely asymptomatic/stable, recovering, and persistently symptomatic/worsening). Results: We recruited 1,807 participants. Between baseline and follow-up assessments, the proportion of respondents screening positive for psychological distress and probable depression decreased, respectively, from 74% to 56% and from 28% to 21%. Two-thirds remained asymptomatic/stable in terms of depression symptoms and 56% remained symptomatic or worsened over time in terms of psychological distress. Conclusion: Poor mental health outcomes among healthcare workers persisted over time. Occupational programs and mental health strategies should be put in place.


Тема - темы
COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
20.
RMD Open ; 8(2)2022 10.
Статья в английский | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2088878

Реферат

OBJECTIVES: To correlate immune responses following a two-dose regimen of mRNA anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to the development of a potent neutralising antiviral activity. METHODS: The RECOVER study was a prospective, monocentric study including patients with RA and healthy controls (HCs). Assessments were performed before, and 3, 6, 12 and 24 weeks, after the first vaccine dose, respectively, and included IgG, IgA and IgM responses (against receptor binding domain, S1, S2, N), IFN-γ ELISpots as well as neutralisation assays. RESULTS: In patients with RA, IgG responses developed slower with lower peak titres compared with HC. Potent neutralising activity assessed by a SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus neutralisation assay after 12 weeks was observed in all 21 HCs, and in 60.3% of 73 patients with RA. A significant correlation between peak anti-S IgG levels 2 weeks after the second vaccine dose and potent neutralising activity against SARS-CoV-2 was observed at weeks 12 and 24. The analysis of IgG, IgA and IgM isotype responses to different viral proteins demonstrated a delay in IgG but not in IgA and IgM responses. T cell responses were comparable in HC and patients with RA but declined earlier in patients with RA. CONCLUSION: In patients with RA, vaccine-induced IgG antibody levels were diminished, while IgA and IgM responses persisted, indicating a delayed isotype switch. Anti-S IgG levels 2 weeks after the second vaccine dose correlate with the development of a potent neutralising activity after 12 and 24 weeks and may allow to identify patients who might benefit from additional vaccine doses or prophylactic regimen.


Тема - темы
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Immunoglobulin A , Prospective Studies , COVID-19/prevention & control , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Antiviral Agents , Viral Proteins , RNA, Messenger
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